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Problem 1.

In homework #3 problem 4, you were asked to analyze a thin rubber layer pressed between two

steel plates. The rubber is welded to the steel plates. The

z

10L

relative squeezing displacement between the two steel

L

plates is . Far away from the edge, the rubber is under

r

uniform compression. In the uniform deformation region,

E

r =

z = L , r = 0

,

and

z

,

1 + 1 2

z =

E

1 +

z . Due to the constraint of the rigid bodies,

1 + 1 2

middle

plane

the edge will bulge so that the field near the edge is nonuniform. We model this rubber layer as a

cylinder. The naming convention in ABAQUS for axisymmetric problem is: 1 stands for r (the

radial direction), 2 stands for the z direction (axial direction). Use linear quadrilateral element to

determine the displacement, stress, and strain components on the middle plane. Plot them and see

how uniform field gives way to nonuniform field near the edges. Postprocessing techniques are

documented at the end of this assignment.

Model the cylindrical layer using 3D elements. Compare the results obtained with those obtained

using axisymmetric elements.

Problem 2.

Similar to the above problem, consider a cylinder squeezed by

the two rigid bodies. The relative squeezing displacement

L

between the two rigid bodies is . The interfaces between the

rigid body and cylinder are rigidly welded. Due to the constraint

of the rigid bodies, the cylinder will bulge. Suppose the

L

Poissons ratio of the cylinder is =0.4.

Task 1

Use linear quadrilateral element to determine the deformation shape of the cylinder for two

different Youngs modulus say E=100MPa, and 100GPa to see whether this deformed shape is

dependent on the modulus. You need to plot the shape (displacement u1 along the vertical edge)

normalized by as a function of z/L.

1

Task 2

Still for E=100MPa, and 100GPa, find the total reaction force in the z direction at the top of the

interface. Compare the magnitude of these two reaction forces and give an intuitive explanation.

Task 3

Plot the maximum displacement of u1 for Poissons ratio ranging from 0~0.45 (You just

calculate some ratios, say, 0, 0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.45, and then plot them). Explain the curve trend.

Problem 3.

Task1

Consider a square welded frame structure as shown in the

right, where L=1m. The horizontal concentrated load is

P=100N. Each of the 3 beam has a square cross-section of

width w=2cm. The material is steel with E=200GPa.

First, use 1 beam element for each beam (3 elements in

total). Print the displacements at the top-left and top-right

corners. Then, double your mesh density and check that

indeed, 1 element per member gives the accurate result. You

should have a sketch indicating your node and element

numbers.

(Specific details related to beam problem in CAE is attached at the end of this assignment.)

Task2

Now we add a diagonal beam to change the frame into the

new structure shown in the right. Repeat the process you

have done in Problem 1, namely, use 1 element per member

and 2 elements per member to solve this problem. Compare

the displacements at the top-left and top-right corners with

the results you obtained from Problem 1. In Problem 1 and 2,

which one is dominated by stretching (or compression) and

which one is dominated by bending?

Task3

Instead of quadratic beam elements, use truss elements (T2D2) to solve Task 2. A total of 4 truss

elements will be used. Compare the results obtained from truss elements with results from

Problem 2. Are they close to each other?

Postprocessing to plot the shape: First you need to

define a path in Visualization module. Go to

ToolsPathCreateGive a path name, select Type: node

listContinueIn part instance, write: PART-1-1, (if you did

give a name when you create a part. Notice here it is case

sensitive.) Put Node labels, for example, 2:102:2, which

means the starting node lable for the path is 2, the last node at

the path is 102, the node number increment along the path is 2.

OK. Go to ToolsPathPlot Path to see the path you

just defined. Go to the left panel and click on the icon create

XY data. Select source: path Notice the following

window, Check undeformed, True distance, Select field output

variable to be the one you want plot, say U1. Save

AsPlot.

Click he icon XY data manager, You can Edit or

plot the data you just created. A tip: to copy the data to Excel:

Edit the data, then select the data, you can only use Ctrl+c to

copy and paste to Excel.

Last time, we have solved 2d plane problems by using CAE. There are some additional

details for beam problem, mainly in the PROPERTY MODULE. Here are steps to describe beam

properties in the PROPERTY module.

1. After you have finished sketching your part, exit the Part module and go to Property

module;

2. First create material by B11 (clicking Button at the first line and the first column at

the left panel.)

3. Create beam cross section profile by B41give a profile nameselect Rectangle OR

circular, etc.continueinput geometry information (ABAQUS sketches the cross

section for you at the left)OK

4. Create a section by B21give a section nameselect Category beam and Type

beamcontinueSelect Section integration: During analysis, Profile name, Material

name and leave other things intactOK

5. B31 assigns section as you know

6. Last thing is to assign beam orientation by B32

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