t2

CHAPTER 1. VECTOR ANALYSIS AND MAXWELL'S EQUATIONS IN INTEGRAL FORM

En,

=

ao

, .*x

Qo

^, lo-e 'lA4'

,"'^ -n'

i :;=l:!-i; :;;;= t(o.soz., +0.535a, +0.267a.) {x l0-'x 14x l0- \
=
5155.7a, +3439.3a.. + 1716.4a,

Eu'

= 4tt.E#
=, !X44xl0-4
9

1rq'a", . --- \ )ulo-e t o"'",.[O.gOSa +0.302a. +O.3OZa-l
\-' Y
zl

=

3702.3a

"

+ 1235.5a, + 1235.5a,

E,o,ot

= 8858'oa' + 467 4'8a, + 295
as shown in the figure'

l'9a'

1.18 Assume at

p(-x,O,O),Eo= 0,

+Q

-2Q

pA0B
s^-= AP
4ne,(x

*9-- a)" u.(-u,)
", *

*=

4offi'(".)= 4rfr:v

E,o,ot=Enn*Eun

=#.tA#
(a- x)' (a+ x)"

*fu)"r=o

-1

2

2(a2a2 +2x2

x)2

-(a+

x)z

=g

-

4ax

- a' - x' -Zax =0

x'-6ax+a2 =o

6t"lT64 x=-.4
2

IJ

xt = 5'83a
xz = 0.17 a where _r, is invalid

.'. There is a point (-5.83a,0,0) where E 0. =
1.19 After two balls are separated, they have the same charges:

Q,+4
2

..' ltr'l=
1.20

anx{xl}-e

Q,

xd2

Qe

En = Err*Er4
= T-------.9
l0-e

=i;;7
Q,

^'
=o

ix

l0 '.1,

'-Txlv'z;'r'

4 x 10-e

Unit vector:

unr, =

Al

a-+2a
= 0.4472a, + 0.8944a,

m= l#
''

""r,

=

Bq
--:=

AT, _AB

lnr,l

a,+2a.,-3a_ -2a +2a t , '
=

lur,l

lBTrl

-ffif

= -0J07a, + 0.707a,

10-e 5', r'

;Mu*'
\0.++tza,+ o.seaaa,)
/

o

0.805a + 1.6Ia

l1

t.26

(a)

This integral can be broken up into five different parts:

ly

az

= fi' *f

-r(,'
"

+ r)sin@ pdQ

+ pp'z,o,Qa,
Jo,,-o(r'

,o1r' +r)cosQdp *

+t)psinld| *

l\p'r"orva,

=-fl's,rnvaE* prrar* J'" ze pap- ft:r:sinQdQ* l\pi,ra,

=-25(-co'dll"*"(t)11,.^(t)|i,,-26p.(-cosa)1i,,*"'(t)lu,

=
(b) f

_25+

p2

I,:
J.

o'

f5

(c)

lr

"' az * [t
)1,

=

01" + r) cos

,

@dp

=

l'5
J

;ro,
-

-

p'l'o

"r:

"

= 2s - p:,

.

Jcl

a-t = (p3

-

zs) + (zs

p'") = o

.'. The iield F is conservative.

ro

rufu ryrA^wE,LLJ

tsQUA,l,loNS IN INTEGRAL FORM

r.27
(2,8)

--y-x3
(1,1)

w= I:

= nl,u'nd( = rll,is, p8

6x'z)ax

*

=
=
1.28 A =
1.29

nll,it,' - 6x'z)dx * f,irr
n[t ' -z*')l'
*
1o5

fc2^"on

l,?r,

-

oaor]

-

4y,\dy]
I

+

r' -tr','li]- 3sq =3s x 10-6(,/)

.

fJ,On

=

fr

J,ur*

J,urdr

= 4u,

f' \ + pcosfar+tanpa,).av J"(tin@,

= Ji*t*, pd@, = fi r"rwo= p2 =e

rt/2

|

.30 w = n

I",

.

aV

.

fnrsintegral can be broken up inro rwo parts.

w=

,Lf:ucosgsinda, 'u,ar+
o' -

flr'sin@a,
qrs + 4

.arrsinqdp]
J

= ,lf;"
I.3l
Flux =$Il1r,e,6.a, | ' "

[i '^ *r]=

-

8t =

+q111

F(r,O,Q) = rsin0a. +ao+aQ
ds, =
1'2

sinqd@Oa,

.'. Flux t, =

.t

[:'^l'" -{, siney, e=o.t o=o

sin0d0dQ = 2nr3

l"'' Jo

,rn, ede = t-

2

13

=

nz
2

t9

dsz

= rsin9dMrae

.'. Flux

t,=
"'

f*rf,=rt.rsintdQdr
Total nux

=

frorf{a,

=,

6F 'd5=I-"o la

1.32 B=xax+yay+zaz ds= dxdya,

fn J,
1.33 B = ZlN"+ xar+ z2xa,
(a)

a,

=

| J,

7d*dy

= | +a*ay J-

= 4.2tt. 22 =

t6r

(3,2,4)

v

(3,-l,0)
X

(3,2,0)

ds = dzdya,

'14 fa fz na'=l"l -rzydydz=+l +l =t2 f J 2 2 f
'r2
.rz=orr) -

lo

l_,

(b)

20

CHAPTER

l.

VECTOR ANALYSIS AND MAXWELL'S EQUATTONS IN INTEGRAL FORM

ds= dxdya,

..

.

Jn

as =

[

z'*a*dt =

tzsra*at

= OcosQ

{x

ldxdy = pd@p

.

.

Jn ^ = f,=,f;,25

p2 cos@oo, = n+li,sinpll" = s

1.34 Select

as a Gaussian surface a

cylinder which has radius = p and length

= /.

(a) p<a
Since all the charge Gaussian surface.

is on the surface of the cylinder, no charges are enclosed by

the

$"t,"
.'.

ds= Q=o

E-0atPca

(b) a<p<b
In this region, only the charge from the inner cylinder will be enclosed by the Gaussian
surface.

Total charge

Q= | pds = | arl p,. pdO =2tc(.ap,
J"" Jo Jo"

f

lI

12'

{r,E. J""

lfPtl2o ds= le,,EopdOar= | | e"ErpdQdz=2n!.e,Eop Jz=oJa=0"' J'"'
ao .'.8o- 2nho=5, 2n!.e.p e,p

a<o<b

(c) p> b
There

will be charge contributed by both cylinders.

o=lp"ar,+lp.ar, J"- "l ' Js^ -z = , ,f,=,f*fdwz - , ,f,=,f*,uo*, = (a b) p '

"

2ttl

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