You are on page 1of 23

rSefaom

owif;pum;
aeYwdki;f Mum;NyD;
ydkif;jcm;EdIif;,SOf
t&St
d wdi
k f;jrifzYkd
1377 ckESpf? uqkefvjynfhausmf 10 &uf

www.uniondaily.com
www.uniondaily.net

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

(12)Burd af jrmufjynfolY vwT af wmftpnf;ta0;jyefvnfpwif ajcmufyGifUqkdif

aejynfawmf ar 11
yxrtBudrf jynfov
Yl w
T fawmf(12)BudrfajrmufykrH eS ftpnf;ta0;rsm;ukd ,aeYwiG f (43)&ufajrmufaeYtjzpf jyefvnfpwifusi;f yonf/ jynfov
Yl w
T fawmf
(12)BudrfajrmufykHrSeftpnf;ta0;\ (42)&ufajrmufaeYukd {NyD 10 &ufwGifusif;ycJhNyD; ESpfopful;umvwGif&yfem;cJhum (43)&ufajrmufaeY tpnf;ta0;ukd
,aeYwGifjyefvnfpwifusif;yjcif;jzpfonf/
,aeYusi;f yonfh (43)&ufajrmufaeY jynfov
Yl w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;wGif xef;wyifrq
J Ee,frOS ;D ode;f &Du vrf;yef;qufo,
G af &;cufcaJ omaus;&Gmrsm;wGif
owfrw
S x
f m;aom rJqEO;D a&ajzavsmNh yD; rJkHrsm;wdk;csUJ ay;&efEiS q
hf EraJ y;&ef oGm;vma&;twGuf pDpOfaqmif&u
G af y;a&;udp? oxHkrq
J Ee,frS OD;apmbode;f u
wm0ef&o
dS t
l csKUd u vrf;ab;0J,mrsm;udka&mif;pm;xm;rIaMumifh uw&mvrf;azmufvky&f mwGi0f ,f,x
l m;olrsm;ESihf jyemMuHKawGUae&ojzifh rnfokdaY qmif&u
G f
ay;rnfudk odvdkjcif;udp?
pm-2 okdY

xyfrHawGqY kHyGJ
wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;
OD;pD;csKyf
jrefrmEkdifiH
jyefa&mufrSom
ndEIdif;jyefMum;
Ekdifrnf[kqkd
pm-2

pkdufysdK;p&dwf rJqE&Sifrsm; wpf&GmrSwpf&Gmokdh qErJay;&efoGm;vma&;twGuf EdkifiHawmfu


avmavmq,fpDpOfay;rnfr[kwfao;aMumif; a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Siftoday;
xkwfacs;&ef
xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
pDbDbPfESiU f
zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;qkdif&m

pm-2

SLCM

yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;pmcsKyf

oabmwl
vufrSwfxkd;

ZlvkdifvwGif
*syefvufrSwfxkd;rnf

pm-3

xkdif;0efBuD;csKyfESifh*syef0efBuD;csKyf\txl;tMuHay;wkdY befaumufNrdKUtpkd;&tdrfawmfwGif ar 11&ufawGYqkHpOf/

pm-2

TOP NEWS

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*F g ?

rJqE&Sifrsm;wpf&GmrSwpf&Gmokdh qErJay;&efoGm;vma&;twGuf EdkifiHawmfu


avmavmq,fpDpOfay;rnfr[kwfao;aMumif; a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Siftoday;
vTwaf wmfukd,pf m;vS,f OD;ode;f
&Dar;jref;onfah r;cGe;f udkjyefvnf
ajzMum;&mwGif xnfhoGif;ajym
aus;vufae rJqE&Sifrsm; Mum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
]]wpf&GmrSwpf&GmodkY qErJ
wpf&GmrSwpf&GmokdY qErJay;&ef
oGm;vma&;twGuf Ekid if aH wmfu ay;&efoGm;a&;? vma&;twGuf
avmavmq,fppD Ofay;rnfr[kwf EkdifiHawmftpDtpOfjzifh ,mOf?
[k jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJ axmfvm*sD? pufavSrsm; pDpOf
G af y;&ef avmavmq,f
aumfr&SiftzGJY0if OD;0if;ukdu aqmif&u
,aeYjynfolYvTwfawmftpnf; tpDtpOfr&Sad o;yg}}[kjyefvnf
ajzMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
ta0;wGifajymMum;onf/
xkjYd yif Ekid if aH &;ygwDwpfckck
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; xef;
wyifNrdKUe,frq
J Ee,frS jynfoYl uaomfvnf;aumif;? vTwaf wmf
pGrf;&JxG#f
aejynfawmf ar 11

udk,pf m;vS,af vmif;wpfO;D OD;u


aomfvnf;aumif;? ,if;\a&G;
aumufyu
JG ,
dk pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D OD;u
aomfvnf;aumif; rJqE&iS rf sm;
oGm;vma&;twGuf ,mOf? axmf
vm*sD? pufavSponfh wpfrsdK;
rsdK;ukd pDpOfaqmif&Gufay;jcif;
onf oufqkdi&f m a&G;aumufyJG
Oya'58(u)yg jy|mef;csuEf iS hf
NidpeG ;f NyD; rJq,
G jf cif;oabmouf
a&mufEkdifojzifh aqmif&GufcGifh
r&S[
d kvnf; xnfo
h iG ;f ajymMum;
cJhonf/

qufvufqEraJ y;&mwGif
y,f r J r jzpf a y:apa&;twG u f
owdjyK&eftcsurf sm;ukdowif;pm?
*sme,frsm;u BudKwiftoday;
jcif;? a&G;aumufyaJG umfr&Sit
f zGUJ
cGt
J qifq
h if?h rJkHrLS ;? rJkHtzG0YJ if
rsm;?Ekid if aH &;ygwDrsm;?t&yfbuf
vlrt
I zGt
YJ pnf;rsm;rSqifyh mG ;ynm
ay;jcif;? rJkHrsm;wGif trsm;jynf
ol od&adS pEkid &f efaMumfjimoifyke;f
wGif uyfxm;jcif;wkdYukd aqmif
&Guaf y;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajz
Mum;cJhonf/

kyfjrifoHMum;ESifUtoHxkwfvTifUjcif;qdkif&mOya'Murf;wGif 'PfaiGusyfodef;ig;&mtxd
xnfUoGif;owfrSwfxm;jcif;onf pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifBuD;rsm;ukdxda&mufpGm[efhwm;Ekdif&ef[kqkd
pGrf;&JxG#f
aejynfawmf ar 11
kyjf rifoMH um;ESihf toHxkwf
vTijhf cif;qkid &f m Oya'Murf;wGif
'PfaiGusyfodef;ig;&mxd xnfh
oGi;f owfrw
S x
f m;jcif;rSm t&if;
tESD;BuD;rm;onfh pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;&SifBuD;rsm;twGuf xd
a&mufpmG [efw
Y m;xm;onfh jypf
'Pfrsm;jzpfapvkdjzpfaMumif;
jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;XmerS jynf
axmifpk0efBuD; OD;&Jx#G u
f ,aeY
jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;
tNyD; rD'D,mrsm;odkYajymMum;
onf/
]]uRefawmfwUkd u'DOya'awG
usawmh axmif'Pfrxnfhcsif
bl;/ axmif'Pfrxnfch siw
f chJ g

usawmh/ cifAsm;odwJhtwkdif;yJ
kyfjrifoHMum;eJY rD'D,mvkyfief;
qkw
d mut&if;tES;D tifrwefBuD;
w,f/'PfaiGenf;&ift'hJ v
D kyif ef;
&SifBuD;awGukd xda&mufwJh [efY
wm;wJjh ypf'PfrjzpfrmS pk;d vkYd uRef
awmfwku
Yd tqdkjyKwm/ tqkjd yK
wJhtcgrSm trsdK;om;vTwfawmf
u enf;enf;jyefavQmhw,f/
jynfolUvTwfawmfuawmh enf;
enf;jyefNyD;ndxm;wJh oabm&Sd
w,f / t"d u uawmh tJ h ' g
aMumifyh g/ vkyif ef;rSmt&if;tES;D
tifrwefBuD;w,f/ pD;yGm;a&;
vkyif ef;&SiBf uD;awGjzpfwt
hJ wGuf
aMumifrh v
Ykd Ykd olwu
Ykd x
kd ad &muf[efY
wm;wJhjypf'PfrsdK;jzpfzkdYtwGuf
ckvkdxnfhwm;wm}}[k 4if;u
ajymonf/

kyjf rifoMH um;ESihf toHxkwf


vTijhf cif;qkid &f mOya'Murf;tay:
jynfolYvTwfawmf Oya'Murf;
aumfrwD\ avhvmawGY&Sdcsuf
ESihf oabmxm;rSwcf sut
f pD&if
cHpmukd ,aeYjynfolYvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;wGif wifoGif;cJh
onf/ ,if;tpD&ifcpH mtwGi;f
Oya'Murf;\ tcef;aygif; 14
cef;? yk'fraygif; 107 ckteuf
trsdK;om;vTwfawmfrS jyifqif
xm;onfhjyifqiftwnfjyKcsuf
rsm;teufrS 49 csuu
f kd oabm
wl a Mumif; ? usefy k ' f r rsm;uk d
jyifqifjcif;? y,fzsujf cif;rsm;jyK
vkyfxm;ygaMumif; xnfhoGif;
azmfjyxm;onf/
]]'PfaiGusyo
f ed ;f ig;&m cs
rSw&f rnfNzpfNy;D }}[kjynfaxmifpk

xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefzGHY NzdK;wkd;wufa&;qkdif&m
yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&;pmcsKyf ZlvkdifvwGif*syefvufrSwfxkd;rnf
aZmfaZmfxGef;
befaumuf ar 11
xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;qdkif&m oHk;OD;
oHk;bufyl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI
oabmwlpmcsKyfudk ZGefvwGif
*syefEkdiif b
H ufu vufrw
S af &;
xdk;rnfjzpfaMumif; *syef0efBuD;
csKy&f iS Zf t
kd mab;\txl;tMuaH y;
yk*dKvf tdkifZkrDuajymonf[k
xdki;f tpdk;&tzGUJ rS ajyma&;qdkciG hf
&Sdol rm&mvufyfu ,aeYajym
onf/
xdki;f 0efBuD;csKyf y&m&Gwcf sef
tdkcsmESi*hf syef0efBuD;csKyf &SiZf kt
d m
ab;\txl;tMuHay; tdkiZf krw
D kdY

befaumufNrKd U&dt
S pd;k &tzGJUtrd af wmf
wGif ,aeYawGUqkcH &hJ m xm;0,f
txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkepf rD u
H ed ;f ESiyhf wf
ouf *syefEdkifiHu yl;aygif;
yg0ifaqmif&u
G v
f akd Mumif; tdik Zf rk D
uajymcJo
h nf[k befaumufykpdY f
owif;pmuazmfjyonf/
ta&SUawmiftm&Sa'owGif
tBuD;qHk;txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkefjzpf
onfh xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;Zkepf rD H
udef;wGif ukefypnf;wefoef;
250 twiftcsvkyEf kid o
f nfh a&
eufqyd furf;? uDvkdrw
D m 200
ausmfus,f0ef;onfh pD;yGm;a&;
Zkef{&d,m? txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
wpfckvk;H udk vQyfppfprG ;f tifvw
T f

ay;Edkio
f nfh ausmufr;D aoG;rdki;f ?
{nfhonfrsm; tyef;ajzem;cdk
Edkifonfh Mu,fig;yGifhtqifh [dk
w,frsm;ESihf a*gufuiG ;f rsm;wnf
aqmuf&ef tpDtpOfa&;qGJxm;
NyD; pDrHudef;twGuf tar&duef
a':vm 50 bDv,
D &H if;ES;D jrKyfEHS
&rnf[kod&onf/
xm;0,ftxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
pDru
H ed ;f ESiyhf wfouf oabmwl
pmcsKyfcsKyfqdk&ef rwfESifh{NyD
wdkYwGif BudK;yrf;cJhaomfvnf;
tNyD;owfoabmwlnDrIr&cJh
ESpfBudrfwdkifa&GUqdkif;cJh&onf[k
befaumufypkYd o
f wif;Xmeuazmf
jyxm;onf/

tpkd;&tzGJYutqkdjyKjy|mef;xm;
onfh kyfjrifoHMum;ESifh toH
xkwv
f iT jhf cif;qkid &f m Oya'Murf;
ygyk'frukd trsdK;om;vTwfawmf
u ]aiG'Pfusyfodef;oHk;&mrS
usyo
f ed ;f ig;&mcsrw
S &f rnht
f jyif}
[k jyifqifxm;NyD; jynfov
Yl w
T f
awmfu trsKd;om;vTwaf wmfuJh
okdY ]aiG'Pfusyfodef;oHk;&mrS
usyo
f ed ;f ig;&mcsrw
S &f rnft
h jyif}
[kom jyifqifxm;aMumif; od&
onf/

ajcmufyGifUqkdifxyfrHawGYqkHyGJ
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf
jrefrmEkdifiHjyefa&mufrSom
ndEIdif;jyefMum;Ekdifrnf[kqkd
pGrf;&JxG#f
aejynfawmf ar 11
ajcmufyiG q
hf ikd x
f yfraH wGq
Y kyH u
JG kd jynfyodakY &muf&adS eonfh
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyfAkv
d cf sKyfrLS ;BuD;rif;atmifviId f
jrefrmEkdifiHodkYjyefvnfa&muf&SdvmrSom ndEIdif;jyefMum;Ekdif
rnf[k jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;XmerS jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;&Jx#G f
u ,aeYajymMum;onf/
,aeYusif;yonfh jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;tNyD;
vTwaf wmfwiG ;f jynfwiG ;f jynfyrS owif;rD',
D mrsm;ukad jym
Mum;cJjJh cif;jzpfonf/ 4if;u ]]ck umcsKyfBuD;uc&D;oGm;ae
w,fav/ oljyefvmwJhtcgusrSnd&rSmaygh/ b,faeY jyef
a&mufr,fqkdwmawmh rodao;bl;/ ckawmh qm;bD;,m;
a&mufaew,f}}[kajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
a&SUzkH; (12)BudrfajrmufrS
0rf;wGi;f rJqEe,frOS ;D oef;jrifu
h ukeyf pn;f rsm; ukeo
f ,
G &f mwGif
Edkiif t
H qifrh S tmqD,jH ywif;wpfaygufpepfokYd tqifjh ri&hf mwGif
rnfokt
dY aumiftxnfazmfaqmif&u
G af y;&efupd ? vIid rf q
J Ee,f
rS a'gufwm0if;jrifhu jynfyrSwifoGif;aom ukefypnf;rsm;
tay:wGif Anti Dumping Tax Safe Guard Tax rsm;udk pD;yGm;^
ul;oef;0efBuD;XmerSjy|mef;aumufc&H eftpDtpOf&rdS &S?d weoFm&D
rJqEe,frS OD;,Hb
k ;D uarmawmife,fpyf*w
d u
f kt
d jynfjynfqkid &f m
e,fpyf*dwftjzpfzGifhvSpfay;&efudp&yfrsm;udk ar;jref;aqG;aEG;
cJhMuonf/ xkdYaemuf trsdK;om;vTwfawmfu jyifqifcsufjzifh
twnfjyKay;ydakY om kyjf rifoMH um;ESihf toHxkwv
f iT jhf cif;qdki&f m
Oya'Murf;ESifhpyfvsOf; Oya'Murf;aumfrwDu tpD&ifcHpm
zwfMum;&Sif;vif;cJhonf/

armawmife,fpyf*w
d f ESpEf idk if w
H pfNyKd iw
f nf;
zGifUvSpfoGm;Ekdifa&;pDpOfaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd
pGrf;&JxG#f
aejynfawmf ar 11
jrefrm-xkid ;f e,fpyf&dS arm
awmif-qifceG ;f e,fpyfukeo
f ,
G f
a&;pcef;ukd ESpEf kid if w
H pfNydKifeuf
zGiv
hf pS Ef ikd af &;twGuf qufvuf
aqmif&u
G af eaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESihf
ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme
rS'kw,
d 0efBuD;a'gufwmyGiq
hf ef;
uajymonf/
]]vuf&SdrSm jrefrm-xkdif;
e,fpyfu armawmife,ferd w
d f
wkid ;f wma&;vkyif ef;pOfrsm;Ny;D jywf
rIr&Sad o;jcif;?xkid ;f Ekid if pH ;D yGm;a&;
ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;
XmeESifh jynfxJa&;0efBuD;XmerS
cGijhf yKcsurf &&Sad o;jcif;wkaYd Mumifh
armawmif-qifcGef;e,fpyf*dwf
ukEd pS Ef idk if w
H &m;0ifziG v
hf pS Ef idk jf cif;
r&Sad o;aMumif;od&ygw,f}}[k
'kwd,0efBuD;a'gufwmyGifq
h ef;
uajymonf/
weoF m &Dw k d i f ; a'oBuD ; rS
jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f

OD;,Hkb;D \Mu,fyiG hjf yar;cGe;f ukd


jyefvnfajzMum;&mwGif 'kwd,
0efBuD; a'gufwmyGifhqef;u
txufygtwdki;f ajymMum;cJjh cif;
jzpfonf/
jrefrmEkid if t
H aejzifh ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;pcef;zGiv
hf pS yf gu
a'ocHrsm;ukeo
f ,
G rf v
I kyif ef;pOf
rsm;ESifhuRrf;0ifNyD; tqifoifh
aqmif&u
G Ef kid af p&eftwGuf arm
awmife,fpyfukeo
f ,
G af &;pcef;
wGif jrefrm-xkdif;ESpfEkdifiHukef
oG,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;udk 2013
ckESpf ar 8 &ufwGif pwif
aqmif&Guf&ef EkdifiHawmforw
Hk;okw
Yd ifjy ukeo
f ,
G rf v
I kyif ef;
rsm;aqmif&u
G cf ahJ Mumif;? e,fpyf
ukefoG,fa&;pcef;wpfckzGifhvSpf
Ekdifa&;twGuf t"dutcsufrSm
ESpEf ikd if o
H abmwlncD su&f &Srd o
S m
zGiv
hf pS Ef kid rf nfjzpfaMumif;?xkjYd yif
e,fpyfukeo
f ,
G af &;pcef;zGiv
hf pS f
rnfeh ,fpyfa'orSm ESpEf kid if eH ,f
edrw
d f wkid ;f wma&;udpr sm; &Si;f

vif ; NyD ; jzpf & rnf j zpf a Mumif ;


&Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/
]]armawmife,fpyfuek o
f ,
G f
a&;pcef; w&m;0ifziG v
hf pS Ef ikd af &;
twGuf pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D Xmeu&efuek f
NrdKU&dS jrefrmEkid if q
H kid &f m xkid ;f oHk;H
ESiq
h f ufo,
G af qmif&u
G &f mqifceG ;f
e,fpyf*w
d u
f 2kd 013ckEpS pf ufwif
bmtapmykid ;f wGizf iG v
hf pS Ef ikd rf nf
[kjyefMum;cJyh gw,f/ 2014ckEpS f
Zefe0g&D 28 &ufwiG f xkid ;f Ekid if H
rSwm0ef&ydS k*Kd vfrsm;onf ESpEf ikd if H
e,fpyftajctaersm;udv
k ma&muf
MunhfIpOfuvnf; xkdif;EkdifiH
tpdk;&tzGJYtaejzifh qifcGef;e,f
pyfpcef;zGiv
hf pS cf iG hjf yKrSm aocsm
oavmuf&adS Mumif;? 4if;wkb
Yd uf
rS txuftqifhokdY wifjyNyD;
tjrefq;kH zGiv
hf pS o
f mG ;rSmjzpfaMumif;
ajymMum;cJyh gw,f}}[k 'kw,
d
0efBuD; a'gufwmyGifhqef;u
xkid ;f Ekid if b
H ufrS oabmxm;ukd
today;ajzMum;cJhonf/

TOP NEWS 3

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

wdkufyGJa&Smifjynfolrsm;udk u,fq,fpOfaoqHk;olESifh xdcdkuf'Pf&m&&Sdol 'D;'kwfOD;bcsKdkyfwkzGifUyGJtxdrf;trSwf


MuufajceDwyfzGJU0ifoHk;OD;tm; EkdifiHawmforwpGrf;aqmif&nfqkcsD;jrifhrnf abmvHk;NydKifyGJ ajrmif;jrwGifusif;y
aejynfawmf ar 11
wdkufyGJa&Smifjynfolrsm;udk
u,fq,f&if; aoqHk;cJo
h El iS x
hf d
cdku'f Pf&m&cJo
h l MuufajceDwyf
zGJU0ifoHk;OD;udk orwOD;odef;pdef
u Ekid if aH wmforw\pGr;f aqmif
&nfqkcsD;jrihrf nf[k jrefrmEdkifiH
MuufajceDtoif; azhpfbkwf
pmrsufESmwGifazmfjyxm;onf/
Ek d i f i H a wmf o r w \ pG r f ;
aqmif&nfqkay;yGJtcrf;tem;

udk aejynfawmf ,ckv 15


&ufwiG fusi;f yrnfjzpfNyD; uGr;f
vHkNrdKUe,f MuufajceDtzGUJ rS udkrkd;
ausmfoef;? udkaZmfrif;xdkufESifh
avmufukid cf dkiMf uufajceDtzGUJ rS
udkausmfaZmxl;wkdY &&Sdrnfjzpf
aMumif; uGrf;vHkNrdKUe,f aq;Hk
tkyfBuD; a'gufwmodrf;NrdKUu
ajymonf[k jrefrmEdik if MH uufajceD
toif; azhpb
f kwpf mrsuEf mS wGif
azmfjyxm;onf/

MuHhckdifa&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD
0ifwpfOD;jzpfonfh udkrdk;ausmf
oef;onf avmufukdirf S wdkuyf JG
a&Smifjynfolrsm;udk u,fq,f
&if;aoewfjzifyh pfccH &hJ umESpv
f
cefYMumaq;ukorIcH,lcJhaomf
vnf;aoqHk;oGm;cJo
h nf/ udkaZmf
rif;xdkurf mS aoewfypfcwfrjI zpf
pOftwGif; rsufvHk;'Pf&m&cJh
aomfvnf; wdkufyGaJ &Smifjynfol
rsm;udk u,fq,fa&;pcef;odkY

a&mufatmifuk,
d w
f kid u
f m;armif;
ydkYcJholjzpfaMumif;? udkausmfaZm
xl;onfvnf; 'Pf&mjyif;jyif;
xefxef&cJo
h jl zpfaMumif;? udkrkd;
ausmfoef;twGuf [ife&D'l;eefY
qk&Edik &f ef urmMh uufajceDtzGUJ csKyf
xHokYd tqdkwifoiG ;f xm;aMumif;
jrefrmEdkiif MH uufajceDtoif;azhpf
bkwfpmrsufESmwGif azmfjyxm;
onf/

jrefrmEdkifiHqkdif&matmf&D'l;trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyftpm;xdk;cefhtyf
,laqmif&u
G v
f su&f adS om Rene
Meza udk atmf&'
D ;l ukrP
D jrefrm
Vodacom Tanzania q,f EdkifiHHk;cGJ\ trIaqmift&m&Sd
oG,af &;ukrP
w
D iG f trIaqmif csKyftopftjzpf wm0efvaJT jymif;
t&m&SdcsKyftjzpf vuf&Sdwm0ef ceft
Y yfomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; atmf
&efukef ar 11

pdkufysdK;p&dwfacs;aiGrsm; xkwfacs;&ef
CB bPfESifh SLCM oabmwlvufrSwfxdk;
aumif;xG#fatmif
&efukef ar 11
jrefrmEdkiif w
H iG f pdkuyf sK;d p&dwf
acs;aiGrsm;xkwfay;&ef t"du
&nf&G,fNyD; v,f,moD;ESHo,f
,lydkYaqmifa&;ESifh odkavSmifa&;
OD;aqmifvkyif ef;pkwpfckjzpfonfh
Sohan Lal Commodity Management rS tpk&,
S ,
f mtm;vHk;
ydkio
f nfu
h krP
cD JG SLCM LtdESihf
jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd oufwrf;t&ifh
qH k ; bPf w pf c k j zpf o nf h CB
bPfwkdo
Y nf oabmwlncD MhJ u
aMumif ; Financial Time
owif;Xmeu ,aeYazmfjyonf/
taygiftmrcHypnf;&,l
aiGacs;iSm;jcif;vkyfief; tusdK;
wly;l aygif;vkyu
f kdi&f efEiS hf jrefrm
EdkifiHwpf0ef;&Sd awmifolv,f
orm;rsm;? BudwfcGJoefYpifa&;
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;? ukeo
f nfrsm;ESihf
ydu
kY keo
f iG ;f ukef vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;udk
pdkuyf sK;d p&dwEf iS ahf cs;aiGrsm; xkwf
ay;&efjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
taygif t mrcH x k w f u k e f r sm;
ta&twGufESifh t&nftaoG;
rsm; wdk;wufaumif;rGefap&ef
ukefypnf;erlemaumuf,ljcif;?
prf;oyfppfaq;jcif;? tqifo
h wf
rSwfjcif;? rIdif;cHydk;owfjcif;?
"mwfaiGUoiG ;f jcif;? t&nftaoG;
tmrcH vufrSwfxkwfay;jcif;
ponfh 0efaqmifrIrsm;udkvnf;
tqdkygukrPDu jyKvkyfaqmif
&GufoGm;rnf[kqdkonf/
v,form;rsm;udk ESpfpOf
twdk;EIef; 13 &mcdkifEIef;jzifh

4if;wd\
kY xkwu
f kef 60&mcdkiEf eI ;f
udk taygiftmrcHtjzpf SLCM
odkavSmifkHrsm; oabmwlxm;
aomumvtxd x m;&S d & ef CB
bPfu urf;vSrf;cJhaMumif;?
,cktoif;tzGJUonf 4if;wdkY\
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif vkyfief;csJUxGif
rnfph rD u
H ed ;f ESihf oabmcsi;f xyf
wlnDaMumif;? vuf&Sdav;ae&m
wGiv
f kyu
f kid af e&mrS &Spaf e&mtxd
ESpq
f csUJ xiG o
f mG ;Edki&f ef arQmfvifh
xm;aMumif; ukrP
u
D ajymMum;
onf/ ]]dk;rbPfeJY em;vnfrI
pmcRefvTmvufrSwfa&;xdk;cJhwJh
aemufydkif; 2015 ckESpftwGif;
'kwd,ajrmuf oabmwlnDrI
wpf&yfjzpfygw,f}}[kSLCM
\trIaqmift&m&SdcsKyf Sandeep Sabharwal uajymMum;cJh
onf/

&D'l;ukrPDu ,aeYxkwfjyef
aMunmonf/
Meza onf jrefrmEdkifiHHk;cGJ
wGif wm0ef,al qmif&u
G cf o
hJ jl zpf
onfh Ross Cormack \ vuf

&Sd&mxl;ae&mwGif tpm;xdk;cefY
tyfomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; atmf&'D ;l
u owif;xkwfjyefcJhonf[k
dkufwmowif;Xmeu azmfjy
xm;onf/

rl;,pfaq;oHk;olrsm; armif;ruefurf;ajcukdrsufpdusae[kaus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ajym
Dawei Watch

xm;0,f ar 11
[dw
k ,f?wnf;cdck ef;rsm;tjyif
tvkyH w
d t
f cef;ygpm;aomufqkid f
rsm; wpfESpfxufwpfESpfwdk;
vmaom armif;ruefurf;ajcukd
rl;,pfaq;okH;pGJolwdkYu aq;
ok;H pG&J efae&mtjzpf rsupf u
d svm
aMumif;armif;ruefaus;&Gmtkypf k
tkycf sKyfa&;rSL; OD;,loed ;f uajym
onf/
xdkYaMumifh yGifhvif;&moDrS
pNyD; oufqdkif&m&JwyfzGJUESifh
yl;aygif;um tcgtm;avsmfpGm
uif;vSnahf e&Ny;D wcsKUd pm;aomuf
qdkifrsm;? wnf;cdkcef;rsm;\ yl;
aygif;yg0ifrt
I m;enf;jcif;aMumifh
rl;,pfaq;ok;H pGrJ w
I m;qD;a&;wGif
tcuftcJjzpf&onf[k OD;,l
odef;uajymonf/
]]wcsKUd o;kH pGo
J al wGu t&rf;

yg;eyfMuw,f/ olwkt
Yd csi;f csi;f
tvSnu
hf sapmifNh yD;ok;H pGMJ uwm}}
[k OD;,lodef;uajymonf/
,ckv 4 &ufnu rl;,pf
aq;0g;okH;pGJaeonf[k,lq&
onfh vli,fav;OD;udk xm;0,f
trsm;ydkiu
f krP
yD kid f bef*vdkwiG f
pdw~f uGaq;jym;ig;jym;? aq;ok;H
&mwGiftokH;jyKonfh qufpyf

Lean Six Sigma enf;vrf;jzifUoifMum;onfU


atm&rf;
&efukef ar 11
Lean Six Sigma enf;vrf;
jzifh oifMum;onhf ]cg;ywfprd ;f }
oifwef;ukd jynfwGif; ,ckv
26 &ufrS 29 &uftxdzGihfvSpf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
Lean qko
d nfrmS 0efaqmifrI
vkyif ef;rsm;?xkwu
f kerf sm;twGuf
vkt
d yfaomtcsed yf rmPukad vQmh
csay;aom enf;ynmjzpfNyD; Six
Sigma qkdonfrSm xkwfukefESihf
0efaqmifrIt&nftaoG; ykdrdk

wifwifat;
aejynfawmf ar 11
{&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; ajrmif;jrNrdKUe,f tmZmenf
acgif;aqmifBuD; 'D;'kwOf ;D bcsKdkyfwk zGifhyGJtxdrf;trSwftjzpf
uHBuD;wdkuef ,fwiG f abmvHk;NydKifyu
JG si;f ycJNh yD; jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
OD;wifhqef;u qkrsm;csD;jrifhcJhaMumif; tm;upm;0efBuD;XmerS
od&onf/
tqdkygabmvHk;NydKifyrJG sm;udk ,refaeYwiG f aeYcsi;f NyD;usi;f y
cJhonf/ jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;u ]]ajrmif;jra'orSmarG;zGm;ol
tmZmenfwpfO;D jzpfwhJ 'D;'kwOf ;D bcsKu
d kd ajrmif;jra'otwGi;f rSm
&SdwJh jynfolawG&JU&ifxJrSm udef;atmif;apzdkY &nf&G,fNyD;awmh
'DabmvHk;NydKifyu
JG kd usi;f yay;&wmyg}}[k tzGit
hf rSmpum;ajym
Mum;um NydKifyGJrsm;udk pwifzGifhvSpfay;cJhonf/
NydKifyGJtNyD;wGif yxrqk&&Sdaom uHBuD;aus;&Gm abmvHk;
toif;ESifh 'kwd,qk&&Sdaom oajyacsmifaus;&Gm abmvHk;
toif;? yl;wGw
J wd,qk&&Sad om bk&m;acsmif;tpkBuD;aus;&GmESihf
Mumzl;iHkaus;&GmabmvHk;toif;wdkYudk qkwHqdyf? qkzvm;ESifh
qkaMu;aiGwu
kYd kv
d nf;aumif;? ESpo
f rd q
hf k&&Sad om abmvHk;toif;
rsm;tm; qkaMu;aiGrsm;udkvnf;aumif; toD;oD;csD;jrifhcJhMu
aMumif;od&onf/

aumif;rGefap&ef jrihfwifay;
onfh enf;vrf;jzpfonf/
tqkyd genf;vrf;jziho
f ifMum;
rnfh ]cg;ywfpdrf;}oifwef;ESihf
ywfoufonfph me,fZif;&Si;f vif;
yGJwpf&yfukdvnf; ,aeY eHeuf
ykid ;f wGif &efukeNf rdKU yg&rDaq;kH
oifwef;zGiv
fh pS &f ef yl;aygif;vkyf
aqmifonfah &TZeutrsm;ESio
fh uf
qkid af omukrP
u
D jyKvkycf o
hJ nf/
]]'Doifwef;ukw
d ufNyD;oGm;
&ifwpfEpS t
f wGi;f rSm b,fvyk if ef;
jzpfap bmawGaMumifh wk;d wuf

ypnf;rsm;ESifhtwl zrf;qD;&rd
cJhaMumif; armif;ruef&Jpcef;rS
od&onf/
zrf;qD;cH&olrsm;onftouf
(17)ESprf S (19)ESpMf um; vli,f
rsm;jzpfNyD; wuodkvfyxrESpf
ausmif;om;wpfO;D ESihf 10 wef;
ajzxm;ol wpfO;D yg0ifum xm;
0,fNrKd Uay:&yfuu
G rf sm;wGiaf exdik f

Muolrsm;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
]]olwdkYajymwmu prf;okH;
Munfch siv
f kYd vmwmygwJ/h rzrf;
csiyf gbl;/&ifxkremjzpf&w,f}}
[k OD;,lodef;uqdkonf/
aq;ok;H pGo
J rl sm;onf avvkH
aomtcef;rsm;iSm;avh&Sdojzifh
urf;ajcwGif tcef;iSm;pm;olrsm;
wm0efo&d efvkdaMumif;? urf;ajc
vkHjcHKa&;udkvnf; wdwdusus
ydkiyf kid Ef kid Ef kid x
f m;&Su
d m pepfwus
pDru
H ed ;f cs vkyaf qmifoifah Mumif;
urf;ajcom,ma&;ESiphf nf;urf;
xde;f ode;f a&;aumfrwDrS OD;av;
0if;uajymonf/
[dkw,fESifhwnf;cdkcef;tcsKdU
onf {nfhpm&if;wdkifMum;&ef
ysuu
f u
G v
f spv
f sLIxm;Muonfh
twGuf ,if;ae&mrsm;udk t"du
xm;ppfaq;ae&aMumif; OD;,l
odef;uajymonf/

cg;ywfpdrf;oifwef;jynfwGif;zGifUvSpfrnf

rIaESmifhaES;w,f? qkwf,kwfae
w,fqkw
d modEkid rf mS jzpfygw,f/
aqmhzf0JawGeJYvkyfief;wpfckvkH;
ukd b,fvkdqef;ppf&r,fqkdwm
oifMum;ay;rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k
a&TZeuukrPDrS a'gufwmcif
armifcspfuajymonf/
]cg;ywfpdrf;} oifwef;okdY
atmuf a jctqif h 0 ef x rf ; rsm;
wufa&mufciG f&h &Srd nfr[kwb
f J
ukrP
v
D kyif ef;pufkw
H pfckckwiG f
tv,ftvwfESihftxuftjrifh
ykdif;&mxl;ae&m &&Sdxm;olrsm;

om wufa&mufcGihf&&Sdrnfjzpf
aMumif; 4if;uqkdonf/
oifwef;umvNyD;qkH;ygu
Ekid if w
H umtodtrSwjf yK atmif
vufrSwf ay;tyfrnfjzpfum
aqmhz0f rJ sm;ukv
d nf; vkyif ef;cGif
twGi;f tok;H jyKEkid &f ef tNyD;tykid f
ay;tyfomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&
onf/]cg;ywfprd ;f }oifwef;onf
'lbkdif;EkdifiHwGif tajcpkdufonfh
Anexas ukrP
u
D urmESiw
fh pf
0ef;wGif zGihfvSpfoifMum;ay;
aejcif;jzpfonf/ ]cg;ywf0g}ESifh

]cg;ywfeuf}oifwef;rsm;vnf;
zG i f h v S p f v suf & S d o nf / jref r m
EkdifiHwGifrl a&TZeuukrPDESihf
yl;aygif;um]cg;ywfprd ;f }oifwef;
zGifhvSpfjcif;jzpfonf/ ]cg;ywf
pdrf;}oifwef;twGuf oifwef;
om;OD;a& 25OD; uefYowfxm;
um oifwef;aMu;rSm uefa':
vm 350 jzpfonf/ oifwef;ukd
oCFe;f uRef;NrdKUe,f oHokrmvrf;
oGm;aq;wuokdvfteD;&Sd Emerald Education Excellence
Centre wGiz
f iG v
hf pS rf nfjzpfonf/

NEWS

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg ?

xdkif;EdkifiHr[mcsLvmavmifuGefAk'wuodkvfrS *kPfxl;aqmifa'gufwmbGJY
EdkifiHawmfoHCr[mem,utzGJU Ou|Aef;armfq&mawmftm;qufuyf

xdkif;EdkifiHoHC&mZq&mawmfESifh Aef;armfq&mawmfwdkYudk awGU&pOf/

aeae
befaumuf ar 11
Edik if aH wmfoC
H r[mem,u
tzGJUOu| rEav;NrdKU Aef;armf
ausmif;wdkuq
f &mawmftbd"Z
r[m&|*kt
k bd"Zt*r[mo'r
aZmwdua'gufwmb'Eukrm&
bd0o
H tm; xdki;f Edkiif t
H ,k',

NrdKU r[mcsLvmavmifuGef Ak'


wuodkvfrS *kPfxl;aqmif
a'gufwmbGJUudk ,refaeYnae
ydkif;wGif tqdkygwuodkvfbGJU
ESi;f obif xdki;f Edkiif o
H C
H &mZ
q&mawmf Phramaha Ratchamugkara Charn utyfEi
S ;f
cJhonf/
tqdkyg wuokdvf\*kPf
xl;aqmifa'gufwmbGUJ ukjd refrm
Edkiif rH S Aef;armfq&mawmfa'guf
wmb'Eukrm&bd0o
H ESirhf Mum
ao;rDu b0ewfxyH sv
H eG af wmf
rlomG ;aom rk'kHNrdKU0if;pdeaf wm&
q&mawmfb'Eauo&wdkt
Y m;

tyfESif;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
]]urmrSm jrefrmEdkifiHu
oHCmtrsm;qHk;EdkifiHyg/ tJ'D
Edkiif &H UJ oC
H r[mem,uOu|
q&mawmfudk tckxdkif;EdkifiHu
*kPx
f ;l aqmifa'gufwmbGUJ ay;
wmudk trsm;BuD;0rf;omyg
w,f/ bke;f bke;f ajymcsiw
f mu
tck xdki;f Edkiif AH k'w
uokdvrf mS
ausmif;om;aomif;ausm&f w
dS ,f/
bGUJ &wmuawmh axmifausm&f
w,f/ 'DvdkBuD;us,fwJh wu
odkvfBuD;rsKd;udk jrefrmEdkifiHrSm
wnfaxmifr,fvdkY&nf&G,fyg
w,f}}[k Aef;armfq&mawmf
a'gufwmb'Eukrm&bd0Ho
u rdefYMum;cJhonf/
xdakY emuf0if;pdeaf wm&q&m
awmf b'Eauo&udk,fpm;
*kPfxl;aqmifa'gufwmbGJUudk
wufa&mufvufccH ahJ om usKu
d f
xD;aqmif;tusKd;awmfaqmif
csKyfq&mawmf b'Eem*'Dyu

]]rMumao;rDu b0ewfxH ysH


vGefawmfrloGm;wJh 0if;pdef
awm&q&mawmfuk,
d pf m; wuf
a&mufudk,fpm;,l&wJhtwGuf
rGefjynfe,fu q&mawmfwpf
yg;taeeJ0Y rf;omygw,f/ tck
v 17 &ufrSm rGefjynfe,f
rk'HkrSm&SdwJh 0if;pdefawm&q&m
awmfausmif;rSm *kPx
f ;l aqmif
a'gufwmbGUJ ukd jrefrmEdkiif v
H kH;
qdkif&m ax&0g'Ak'bmom
tzGUJ csKyfEiS hf e,fpyfawmifwef;
a'o omoeEk*[A[dkOu|
a'gufwmcifa&T&JU OD;aqmifrI
eJY ay;tyfyGJusif;yoGm;rSmjzpf
w,f}}[k rdefYMum;cJhonf/
]]*kPx
f ;l aqmifa'gufwmbGUJ
udkjynfwGif;jynfyrSAk'bmom
eJyY wfoufwo
hJ moemjyKvkyif ef;
awGrmS jyKvkycf w
hJ m oHCmawmf
rsm;eJY vlyk*Kd vfrsm;udk ay;tyfyg
w,f/ *kPx
f ;l aqmifa'gufwm
bGUJ ukdwuokdvaf umifp0D ifrsm;

utqdkjyKNyD; rJpepfeJYa&G;cs,f
ygw,f/ a&G;cs,rf rI mS touf
t&G,?f omoema&;qdki&f mvkyf
aqmifcsuf? trsm;jynfol&JU
av;pm;rItay:rlwnfNyD; a&G;
cs,yf gw,f/tck*kPx
f ;l aqmif
a'gufwmbGJUudk jrefrm? tar
&duef? wkwf? tif'dkeD;&Sm;?
pif u myl ? rav;&S m ;? oD & d
vuFm? vmtdkeJY rdrdwdkYxdkif;
Edkiif rH o
S C
H mawmfrsm;eJv
Y yl k*Kd vf
rsm;u&&SdMuygw,f/ jrefrm
Edkiif t
H aeeJY Aef;armfq&mawmf?
0if;pdefawm&q&mawmfwdkYu
&&SMd uygw,f}}[k r[mcsLvm
avmifueG Af k'w
uokv
d \
f Edkiif H
wumqufqaH &;Xme'gdkuw
f m
a'gufwmt&Sifqdkif[def;e&dE
u ajymMum;onf/
xdki;f Edkiif rH [mcsLvmavmif
uGefwuodkvfwGif jrefrmEdkifiH
rS &[ef;awmftyg; 200 cefY
rSB.A wef;wGifvnf;aumif;?

&[ef;awmf 15yg;rS M.A wef;


ESifh&[ef;awmfoHk;yg;rS Ph.D
wef;rsm; wufa&mufoifMum;
vsuf&Sdonf/
tqdkygc&D;pOfwiG f Aef;armf
q&mawmfBuD;ESit
hf wl wdy#d u
q&mawmfEpS yf g;? b'Eem*'Dy
a&TjynfomEdkiif aH wmfA[dkoC
H mh
0efaqmifq&mawmf? wGHaw;?
aumhrSL;? uGrf;jcHukef;NrdKUe,f

rsm;rS oHCmh0efaqmifq&mawmf
tyg; 20 ESifh wynfh'g,um
30 cefYyg0ifMuNyD; c&D;pOf
twGuaf exdkipf m;aomufp&dwf
ESihf av,mOfvufrw
S rf sm;tm;
vHk;udk jrefrmEdkifiHvHk;qdkif&m
ax&0g'Ak'b
momtzGUJ csKyfEiS hf
e,fpyfawmifwef;a'o omoe
Ek*[A[dk(Ou|) a'gufwm
cifa&Tu vSL'gef;cJhonf/

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

INTERVIEW 5

H ed ;f vkyNf yD;awmh 0g'jzefw


Y ,f/
]0}jynfaoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&;ygwDtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf ]0}jynfaoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&;wyfrawmf\ ppfaoemywdcsKyf ]0}jynf jynfolUtpdk;&Ou| ESpf pDru
OD;ayguf,dkcsrf;onf rD'D,mrsm;ESifhawGUqHkpOf if;wkdY\vkyfaqmifaerIrsm;? wpfEdkifiHvHk;typftcwf&yfpJa&;pmcsKyfrlMurf;udk vufrSwfa&;xdk; NyD;wJhtcgusawmh 10 ESpfwif;wif;
rxdk;tajctaersm;? a'owGi;f bde;f pdkuyf sKd ;rIyaysmufa&;ESihf bde;f tpm;xdk;oD;ESrH sm;pdkuyf sKd ;aerIrsm;udk&iS ;f vif;ajymMum;cJ&h m aumufEkwaf zmfjyvdkuyf gonf/ uRefawmfwdkYu wpfzufu 0g'jzefY?
wpfzufu tpm;xdk;a&mfbmyifpdkuf
w,f/ pdku&f if;pdku&f if;eJY tcka'orSm
qdkv&kYd &dS if a&mfbmjcHuqdk&if{uaygif;
ESpo
f ed ;f ckepfaomif;ausm&f NdS yD/ ok;H ode;f
eD;yg;&Sad wmhr,f/ 'Dvkd pkpkpnf;pnf;eJY
tpm;xdk;NyD;awmh rl;,pfaq;0g;wdkuf
zsuw
f mqdk&if b,fae&mrSmrSr&Sb
d ;l /
]0}a'orSmyJ&Sdw,f/ b,fEkdifiHrSr&Sd
bl;/ ]0}a'orSmyJ&w
dS ,f/ wdki;f jynf
rSmawmifrS tjcm;Ekid if rH mS r&Sb
d ;l / ]0}
a'orSmyJ&Sdw,f/ a&mfbmpdkufcif;u
Munfjym
'Davmufawmif&SdoGm;NyD/ reufjzef
]0}a'ozHUG NzdK;a&;tajctaeudk b,f aqmfNyD;awmh uk,
d x
f u
l k,
d x
f udk,v
f kyf wdkY tcka&muf&SdwJh a'oawGuodwJh &S&d if a'owpfckvk;H rSm tNyD;tydki&f iS ;f
cifAsm;wdkYvdkufr,frvm;/ rdkif;arm
tcsed u
f wnf;upaqmif&u
G cf w
h J mygvJ/ rSuk,
d pf m;&r,f? udk,Bf udK;pm;rS udk,f twdki;f yJ vQdKawGuvJeufw,f?acsmuf vif;NyD;om;jzpfw,f/ &Si;f vif;oGm;NyD
udk...vufzufpdkufcif;tpm;xdk;wm
uRefawmfwkdY ]0}jynfe,frmS qdkvkdY wdk;wufr,fqdkwJh tjrifoabmxm; awGuvJ eufw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY jzpfw,f/ 'Dupd e yYJ wfoufNyD; rl;,pf
vnf; {uaygif;oHk;av;axmif&w
dS ,f/
&S&d ifaygh/ tzGUJ tpnf;awGtrsm;BuD;u udk vHIUaqmfNyD;awmh a'ojynfolawG 'DtcuftcJawGuvJ trsm;BuD;ayghAsm/ aq;0g;yaysmufa&;aqmif&u
G w
f u
hJ pd
aemuf aumfzpD kduw
f m? tjcm;opfarT;
vmzl;w,f/ aecJhzl;w,f/ ygwDtzGJU tm;vH;k twlwuGaqmif&u
Yd vJ jynfol qdk&if EdkifiHwum&JUzdtm;eJYvJ qdkifyg
G jf cif;aMumifh 'gayr,fh uRefawmfwku
wdkY? xifSL;wdkYtukefpdkufw,f/ ]0}
tpnf;awGayghaemf/ t&ift
h &ifwke;f u wdk;wufrIawG ydkNyD;awmh&dv
H umzdtm;vJ&w
dS ,f/ 'g
S mwmjzpf vlxkukdtm;vHk;twlwuG vHUI aqmfNyD; w,f/ Edkiif w
a'ou tpuawmBuD;? awmifBuD;?
ygwDawG...ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwDvJ w,f/ 'DrSmuqdk&if ckeuajymoGm; awmh twlwuGBudK;yrf;aqmif&Guf aMumifrh kdY uRefawmfwkdY bde;f yaysmuf
wu,fuk[
d k[
d mjzpfw,f...'gayr,fh
'DrmS a&muf&cdS zhJ ;l ygw,f/ uRefawmfwkYd wJt
h wdki;f ygyJ/ ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwD wJt
h wGuaf umif;rIawG&&Sw
d mjzpfw,f/ a&;? pdkufysdK;rIyaysmufa&;[mqdk&if
a'o&JUpm;0wfaea&;? t&yfom;&JU
[mqdk&if 1989 ckESpfupNyD;awmh uvJ uRefawmfwkYd ]0}a'orSm a&muf wdk;wufrIawG&&Sdwmjzpfw,f/ uRef oEd|mefcsNyD;awmhudk wdwdususcuf
pm;0wfaea&;u awm&Si;f vdkuf ESpEf pS f
ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwDuaecGx
J u
G Nf yD; &SdcJhzl;w,f/ wcsdKUtavhtusifhav; awmfwdkYacgif;aqmifawGrSmvJ tm; cufccJ u
J kdaqmif&u
G &f wmjzpfygw,f/
pdkuv
f ku
d ?f aemufawm&Si;f vdkuf ESpEf pS f
wJah emuf uRefawmfwkdY udk,&hf UJ 'aD 'o awGu ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwDuvkyf enf;csu&f ydS gw,f/ tm;vHk;wwfw,f tpydki;f rSmqdk&if 'D[muawmfawmfukd
pdkufvdkuf? awmawGu tukefjyKef;?
zGHUNzdK;rItwGufudk wnfaqmufr,f? aqmifwhJ tavhtusiahf v;awGawmif vdakY wmhr&Syd gbl;/ 'gaMumifrh u
kYd Refawmf cufcJygw,f/ a'orSm jynfolawG
tck[mqd&k if a,bk,s uRefawmfwu
kYd
aqmif&Gufr,fqdkwJh qHk;jzwfcsufeJY rS uRefawmfwkdY tckxjd ynfov
J ,f/ qif;&J
l x
l kukd wdkYvJ avhvmqJ? avhvm&if;eJYjyKjyif pm;p&m? 0wfp&mcufcw
tpm;xdk;oD;ESHuae jynfolvlxkudk
pwifaqmif&u
G cf w
hJ mjzpfygw,f/ uRef vHUI aqmfNyD;awmh ow
l &kYd yfwnfEkid af tmif rIawGaqmif&Gufwm/ avhvm&if;eJY w,f/ (OD;atmifjrifh-t"duuawmh
0rf;0csrf;omapcJhw,f/ cifAsm;wdkY
awmfwdkYajryx0Dtaetxm;t& ]0} BudK;pm;Muwmjzpfw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY vkyo
f ifv
h kyx
f u
kd w
f v
hJ kyif ef;awGaqmif uRefawmfwOkYd u|BuD;awmh rajymoGm;
eufjzefomG ;Mur,fh vrf;wpfavQmuf
a'o&JUwnf&rdS [
I mqdk&if ta&SUykdi;f rSm 'DrSmwpfckawmh todrSwfjyKygw,f/ &GuNf yD;awmh? qHk;jzwfNyD;awmh vkyMf u bl;/ uRefawmf jznfph u
G af qG;aEG;oGm;
rSmawGUvdrfhr,f? vrf;ay:u &GmawG
qdk&if tm;vHk;u wkwfEkdifiHjzpfyg ArmjynfueG jf rLepfygwD[mqdk&if olwkYd wmjzpfygw,f/
ygr,f)'Dudp[mqdk&if ]0}a'orSm
t&ifwke;f u oufi,ftrd af wG? ouf
w,f/ uRefawmfwkYd taemufbufykid ;f
i,f&GmawG? 0g;uyf&GmawG... tck
usrS jynfreJq
Y ufpyfaewJeh ,fajrjzpf
eufjzef cifAsm;wdo
kY mG ;&ifawGUvrd rhf ,f/
ygw,f/ 'D uRefawmfwakYd 'o&JUzUHG NzdK;rI
tukev
f k;H u ysOt
f rd ?f r[kw&f if wdkuf
vkyif ef;awGaqmif&u
G zf kdeY YJ vkyaf qmif
tdrfjzpfukefNyD/ a'owpfckvHk;rSm &Gm
csufawG[mqdkvdkY&Sd&if rsm;aomtm;
awGu t&ifuoufi,f tckoyG rf k;d
jzifu
h awmh Edkiif &H UJ e,fpyfrmS zGUH NzdK;wdk;
tdrfjzpfw,f/ cifAsm;wdkY awGUygvdrfh
wufrt
I ajctaeawGukd jrif&? awGU&?
r,f/ um;vrf;ay:u awGUvdkuf&if
avhvm&qdkawmh uRefawmfwt
kYd m;wuf
&moDOwkaumif;&if aeylvdkY&Sd&if [dk;
rdNyD;awmh udk,ahf 'orSm'Dvkjd zpfatmif?
ta0;uwpfvufvufu&GmawGcsn;f yJ/
zGHUNzdK;atmifaqmif&Gufr,fqdkNyD;awmh
wkwfeJYjrefrmMum;rSm&dSwJh ]0}&JU&yf
qHk;jzwfNyD;awmh aqmif&u
G cf hw
J m jzpf
wnfrt
I ay: tcsKd UuoHo,&dw
S ,f/
ygw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY a'orSmqdkvdkY
tJtay:rSm wkwef UJ ]0}wdkU&UJ qufqH
&Sd&if a'ozGHUNzdK;rItwGuf t"du
a&;udkajymjyay;yg/
owKo,HZmwvkyif ef;rSm t"duxm; &JUvrf;pOf ay:vpDtcsKd U[mqdk&if jynf ]0}a'otaeeJU udk,yf kdit
f kycf sKyfciG &hf rl;,pfaq;0g;pdkuyf sKd ;rI[m ESpaf ygif;
'DudpeJYywfoufvdkY uRefawmfwdkY
jcif;jzpfygw,f/ tu,fvdkYom uRef olvx
f rf;t&udk ESpf
l ktwGu?f a'otwGuaf umif;rI jzpfvmwm[m a'ozHGUNzdK;rIudkjzpfap 120 &SNd yD/ ordki;f rSww
wkwef b
YJ mrSjyemr&Syd gbl;/qufpyf
awmfwkYd v,f,mpdkuyf sK;d rIukd tm;xm; jyKaew,fqkw
aygif; 120 &SNd yD/ 'Dawmh uRefawmfwkdY
d m&Syd gw,f/ olwkYd Arm wJhtcsufjzpfygovm;/
rIr&Sdbl;/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh yx0D
r,fqdkvdkY&Sd&if 'DavmufzGHUNzdK;EdkifrSm jynfueG jf rLepfygwDqkw
d mvnf; tifwm
[kwyf gw,f/ uRefawmfwkYd a'o Nidrf;csrf;a&;&,lNyD;wJhaemufrSm uRef
taetxm;t& jrpfacsmif;[dkbuf
r[kwb
f ;l / bmvdq
kY kad wmh ]0}a'o&JU e,f&Sife,f uGefjrLepfygwD&JU tawG; rSmqdkvdkY&Sd&if 'Dbufuqdk&if wkwf awmfwAkYd [dkaumfrwDtzGUJ tpnf;acgif;
urf;rSmqdk&if 'gu wkwfe,fyJ/
yx0Dtaetxm;t&oluawmawmif tjrif? 'gawGy.J .. 'DtajccHtay:rSm e,fpyfrmS uyfvsu&f adS wmh wkwb
f uf aqmifawG? uRefawmfwdkY Ou|BuD;
wkwfe,fuwpfckvHk; uRefawmfwdkY
a'oawGjzpfw,f/'Dawmhv,fr&Sb
d ;l / &Sdygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY 'Dudpu 'Dvdk uzGHUNzdK;rIawG? tm;udk;rIawG&Sd&ifvJ udk,f u uRefawmfwkdY 'Da'orSmbde;f
ab;rSm qufpyfr&I w
dS ,f/ uRefawmfwkYd
ajrjyefYr&Sdbl;/ 'gaMumifhrdkY uRefawmf &Sw
d ,fqkdwm&Si;f jycsiyf gw,f/ ckeu uRefawmfwdkYu t&ifawGU? t&ifjrif? pdkuaf evdk&Y &dS if uGeaf wmfwkdY wdki;f &if;
]0}a'orSmqdk&if wkwef q
YJ ufpyfwhJ
wdku
Y o,HZmw?owKwl;azmfjcif;jzifh ajymovdkygyJ... uRefawmfwkYd ]0}tzGUJ t&ifavhvmNyD;awmh t&ifaqmif&u
G f om;awG? uRefawmfwdkYom;orD;awG
e,fajr[muDvkrd w
D m500ausmw
f ,f/
a'o&JUzGHUNzdK;rIudk t"dur@dKiftjzpf tpnf;[mqdkvdkY&Sd&if pkaygif;acgif; vdkY&w,f/ wpfzufrSmvJ awmifydkif; [m bdef;eJYxdawGUrSmjzpfw,f/ bdef;
t&Snfu...
aqmif&u
G w
f mjzpfygw,f/ uRefawmf aqmifrjI zpfw,f/ A[dkaumfrwDrmS vJ rSmvJ ,dk;',m;e,fpyfrSm 171 orm;awGjzpfoGm;&if vlysuf? vlqdk;
NCAeJUywfowfjyD; ]0} taeeJU b,f
wdkY 'DzGHUNzdK;wJhtajctaet&qdk&ifvJ 'Dtwdkif;ygyJ/ tvm;wlyJ/ udpawG ppfa'oqdkwmwpfck&ydS gw,f/ 'DrmS vJ jzpfoGm;r,f/ rsKd;okOf;oGm;r,f/ 'g
vdk&yfwnfrvJ/ vufrSwfxdk;rxdk;/
t"duuawmh a'o&JUzUHG NzdK;rIut"du bmawG&w
dS ,fqk&d ifvJ tm;vHk;pkaygif; wlwyl /J uRefawmfww
kYd yfzUJG awG&w
dS ,f/ aMumifhrdkY bdef;pdkufysdK;rIukd vHk;vHk;r&Sd
'Dupd u
awmhAsm... uRefawmfwkdY
qdk&if pkaygif;acgif;aqmifru
I t"du aqG;aEG;? vkyif ef;pOfukad &;qG?J cGjJ cm;NyD; 'DrmS vJ jynfov
l x
l kukv
d UIH aqmfNyD;awmh atmifwm;qD;Edkiaf tmifqk;H jzwfNyD;awmh
Nidr;f csr;f a&;pmcsKyf&UJ aemufqkH;twGi;f
jzpfygw,f/ ]0}jynfe,frmS qdkvk&dY &dS if awmh wm0efeaYJ 'otoD;oD;rSm aqmif BudK;yrf;aqmif&GufMuwm/
wm;qD;ydwfyifwmjzpfw,f/ 'Dawmh
oabmubmawGvJ/ bmtcsufawG
acgif;aqmifawG[m t&m&mudprSm &GuMf uw,f/ 'gaMumifrh v
Ykd J zGUH NzdK;rIu ]0}a'o&JUbdef;pdkufysdK;rItajctaeeJU bde;f u ESpaf ygif; 120 rSmu ]0}jynf
ygw,frygbl;qdkwm 'gawGukt
d m;vHk;
pkaygif;acgif;aqmifNyD;awmhqk;H jzwfNyD; jrefqefw,f/ zGHUNzdK;rIu wdusw,f/ qufvufvkyaf qmifaewmawGukad jym olawG&JU 0rf;Adkuf0rf;pmjzpfw,f/
avhvmoHk;oyfNyD;awmh? qHk;jzwfNyD;awmh
aqmif&GufMuwmjzpfw,f/ wpfzuf uRefawmfwkYd 'DrmS qdkv&kYd &dS ifAsm...a'o ay;yg/
'Dawmh b,fvkv
d kyrf vJqkad wmh tpm;
rSxk;d Edkirf ,f rxdk;Edkib
f ;l qdkwhJ jyem
uvJ uRefawmfwu
kYd t"du a'ozGUH NzdK; uqdkvdkY&Sd&if awmawmifa'ojzpf
uRefawmfwkdrY ;l ,pfwm;qD;ESrd ef if; xdk;pdkuyf sK;d rI? tpm;xdk;oD;ESt
H pm;xdk;
pm-23 okdY
Edkizf kdt
Y wGuu
f ]0}jynfoal wGukd vHUI w,f/ awmifawGujrifw
h ,f/ cifAsm; a&;udpq
kdvk&dY &dS if 2005 ckEpS rf mS qdkvkdY &r,fqkNd yD;awmh uRefawmfwkYd av;ig;

]0}jynfaoG;pnf;nDnGwaf &;ygwDacgif;aqmif

OD;ayguf,dkcsrf;ESifhtifwmAsL;

uRefawmfwdkh wkwef hb
J mrSjyemr&Syd gb;l /
qufpyfrIr&Sdbl;/ bmjzpfvdkhvJqdkawmU
yx0Dtaetxm;t& jrpfacsmif;[dkbufurf;rSmqdk&if
'guwkwfe,fyJ/ wkwfe,fuwpfckvHk;
uRefawmfwdkhab;rSm qufpyfrI&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkh
]0}a'orSmqdk&if wkwfeJhqufpyfwJh
e,fajr[muDvdkrDwm500ausmfw,f/

]]

LOCAL

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg ?

uav;NrdKYe,frl;,pfaq;jzwfvlemrsm;twGuf,m,Daq;jzwfpcef;zGifU
*sKd;euf
uav; ar 11
uav;NrdKUe,f 'dk;EG,fpHjy
aus;&GmwGif rl;,pfaq;pGJol
aq;jzwfvel mrsm;twGuf ,m,D
aq;jzwfpcef; zGiyhf t
JG crf;tem;
udk 'dk;EG,pf jH yaus;&Gm omoemh
Adrmeftkwfausmif;&Sd "rrmru
"rmkHwGif ,ckv 9&ufu
usif;ycJhonf/
tcrf;tem;wGif q&mawmf
OD;okeEu Mo0g'pum; rdefY
Mum;NyD; uav;ckid f rl;,pfaq;
0g;EdSrfeif;a&;Ou|OD;armifxl;
ESipYf pfukid ;f wkid ;f a'oBuD; rl; ,pf
aq;0g;qefu
Y siaf &;toif;Ou|
OD;ausm&f ifwkdu
Y trSmpum;rsm;
ajymMum;onf/

xdkaY emuf uav;ckid &f w


J yf
zJrYG LS ; 'kw,
d &JrLS ;BuD;wifaZmfxeG ;f
u rl;,pfaq;0g;tE&m,fwm;
qD;umuG,fa&; todynmay;
qdki&f mrsm;ESihf rl;,pfaq;ok;H pJrG I
aMumihjf zpfwwfaom &mZ0wfrI
ESifh jypfrrI sm;taMumif;? uav;
NrdKU jynfoaYl q;kt
H kyBf uD; a'guf
wmpdefat;u rl;,pfaq;okH;pJG
olwdkYtwGuf aq;ukorItod
ynmay;taMumif;ESifY vlrI'ku
rsdK;pkH &ifqdkif&ykHwdkYudk tus,f
w0ihf aqG;aEG;a[majymMuNyD;
uav;NrdKUe,fzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;
taxmuftuljyK tzG?YJ UNODC
toif;?uav;NrdKUMANAtoif;
ESifh tvSL&Sifrsm;u axmufyHh
ypn;f ESiahf iGrsm; vSL'gef;Muum

tcrf;tem;tNy;D wGif jynfoaYl q;kH


tkyBf uD;ESihf q&mrrsm;u rl;,pf
aq;pGJol aq;jzwfvlem 35OD;
wdkt
Y m; rufo'k;H aq;wdkuaf uR;
Muonf/
,m,D aq;jzwfpcef;odkY
a&muf&v
Sd maom aq;jzwfvel m
tm;vkH;u tvGef0rf;ajrmuf
Muvsu]f ]aq;jzwfcsiw
f m Mum
ygNyD/ &Gmuae uav;NrdKUtxd
rdkif 40a0;awmY aq;aomufzkd?Y
oGm;zdkYcufw,f/ tckvufawGY
oufqkdif&mawGu aq;jzwf
ay;zdkY 'Dudka&mufvmMuawmY
tm;vk;H tqifajyygw,f/ uRefr
vkyd aJ q;pGv
J el mawGukad q;jzwfzkYd
wdkufwGef;rSmyg}}[k aq;jzwf
vlema':Nidrf;&Du ajymonf/

wm0ef&o
dS rl sm;u aq;jzwf
vlemrsm;\ aexkid pf m;aomufa&;
wkdYudkMunfY&Ium aq;jzwfvlem
rsm;udk tm;ay;pum; ajymMum;
Muonf/ tqdkyga[majymyJGodkY
cdkiEf iS Nhf rdKUe,fprD cH efcY rJG aI umfrwD
Ou|rsm;ESiahf umfrwD0ifrsm;?NrdKU
e,fzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;taxmuf
tuljyKaumfrwD0ifrsm;? ppfukid ;f
wdkif;a'oBuD; MANA Ou|?
cdkiEf iS Yf NrdKUe,f MANA Ou|
rsm;ESiahf umfrwD0ifrsm;? aus;&Gm
tkycf sKyfa&;rSL;ESifh &yfr&d yfzrsm;?
jynfolpkpkaygif;tiftm; 500
ausmf wufa&mufMuum ,m,D
aq;jzwfpcef;udk ,ckv22&uf
txd zGiv
Yf pS o
f mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
od&onf/

MuHUckdifrItm;enf;aomwHwm; rkd;trDjyKjyifay;&efvkdvm;

wifMunf(oCFef;uRef;)
&efukef ar 11
&efukew
f kid ;f a'oBuD;oCFe;f
uRef;NrdKUe,f irdk;&dypf jH yaps;teD;
av;a'gif h u ef & yf u G u f b uf r S
BuD;yGm;a&;&yfuGufbufjcrf;odkY
jynfolrsm;ab;tE&m,fuif;
&Sif;pGm jzwfoef;oGm;vmEdkif&ef
tjrihfay 10 ausmf&Sd rD;&xm;
oHvrf; vlul;ckH;wHwm;wnf
aqmufxm;aom wHwm;ay:odkY

,ckv 9 &uf eHeufydkif;u


wufa&mufvmaom trsdK;om;
wpfOD;wHwm;ay:rS atmufodkY
jyKwfus OD;acgif;ESiMfh urf;cif;
dkurf u
d maoqk;H rIjzpfymG ;cJo
h nf/
jzpfpOfrSm ,ckv 9 &uf eHeuf
9 em&Dcefu
Y OD;at;jrihf touf
(74)ESpf (b)OD;pdeaf rmif BuD;yGm;
a&;&yfuGufoHvrf;teD; aeol
onfav;a'gifu
h ef&yfuu
G b
f uf
rSBuD;yGm;a&; &yfuGufbufodkY

trIaqmift&m&Scd sKyfEiS t
hf ,f'w
D mcsKyf - 0if;wif(oD[atmif)
tkycf sKyfrt
I ,f'w
D m - ,rif;
t,f'w
D mtzGUJ
pkd;jrifhodef;? w0rf;yl? cifyefESif;? oif;oif;om? ,Of,OfvS? jynfhNzdK;Ekdif?
Munfjym? pdefwkd;? ausmfZif? 0if;xG#fouf? rif;cspfEkdif? aZmfaZmfxGef;
owif;tzGUJ
pGrf;&JxG#f? jynfhNzdK;atmif? ckdifxl;? ausmfol&xGef;? &JxG#f? pkrGefaxG;? jzLoif;ckdif? arpk[ef?
artdrfh'gvDrGef? at;csrf;rkd;? aeZmrsdK;aqG? wifwifat;? aexufa0? a0vif;? oefYZifxGef;?
rif;rif;pkd;? a0,HaZmf? tdrfhrsufjc,f? EkEkaEG? jynfhNzdK;ausmf? 0kdif;0kdif;? cs,f&Djrifh? ausmfoljrifh?
atmifatmif? armifrsdK;? pkd;pkd;pH? rsKd;rif;ydkif? rkd;pufvif;? a0a0NzdK;
"mwfyo
Hk wif;axmuf - vIdifrsdK;xGef;? zkd;csdK? oufxGef;Ekdif
bmomjyeft,f'w
D m - ausmfoGifukd
uGeyf sLwmXmerSL; - Ekdi0f if;
rif;xGef;? Ekdifvif;? aevif;
xkwaf 0ol - OD;wifhaZmf (jrJ-01043)
refae*sm - OD;armifarmifat;
ykEH ydS t
f &m&Sd - OD;pkd;oef;(NzdK;ykHESdyfwkduf) (jrJ-00443)
arwmvrf;ESifhocifzkd;vSBuD;vrf;axmifh? 14^1 &yfuGuf?
awmifOuvmyNrdKUe,f? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;/
zkef;-01 8500750? 01 8500751? 01 8500752
Email:uniondaliy@gmail.com Fax:01 8500749 Facebook:theuniondaily

vm&efvuf&ef;(vufukid )f jyKwf
xGuf tcsdKUwHwm;Murf;cif;
MuHch kid rf t
I m;enf;aeaomrD;&xm;
oHvrf; vlul;ckH;wHwm;ay:odkY
wufvmpOftoufuvnf;BuD;?
use;f rma&;vnf;raumif;ojzihf
tjrihf 10 ayausm&f o
dS nfw
h w
H m;
ay:rSajrBuD;Murf;cif;ay:odjkY yKwf
usum OD;acgif;ESihf xdcdkufrdNyD;
rsufESm? OD;acgif;wdkYrSm xdcdkuf
'Pf&m&&Su
d m ae&mwGiyf if ao
qkH;cJhonf/ ,if;jzpfyGm;&modkY
ok0Pe,fajr&Jpcef;rS pcef;rSL;
ESihf&JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;? BuD;yGm;a&;
&yfuu
G f tkycf sKyfa&;rSL;ESit
fh &ef
rD;owfwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;u ppfaq;
NyD; r^Ouvmyaq;ko
H ykYd akYd qmif

ay;cJhMuonf/ rMumrD rdk;&moD


a&mufawmhrnfjzpf&m MuHhcdkifrI
tm;enf;aomvlu;l rD;&xm;?
ckH;wHwm;tm; tE&m,fuif;
&Sif;pGm jzwfoef;Edkifa&;twGuf
rdk;rvmrDtjrefq;kH jyKjyifay;Edki&f ef
jynfolrsm; vdkvm;vsuf&SdMu
onf/

rdk;av0otajctaeowif;
jynfolvlxkod&dS&efvdkufvHEdI;aqmf
wifpdk;(yJcl;)
yJcl; ar 11
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif rdk;OD;umv
({NyDv? arv)rdk;wGif;umv
(ZlvkdifvrS atmufwdkbmv)
txdESifh rdk;aESmif;umv (Edk0if
bmv)wdYk obm0ab;tE&m,f
rsm;jzpfyGm;avh&dSwwf&m rdrd
wdakY 'o\ rdk;av0otajctae
rsm;? xl;jcm;rdk;av0ojzpfpOf
rsm;? vpOf&moDOwkcefUreS ;f csuf
rsm;? &moDOwktcsut
f vufrsm;
ukd a'ocHjynfolvlxkwkdY od&dS
&efvdktyfrnfjzpfonf/
rdk;av0otajctaeowif;
rsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f xl;jcm;rdk;av
0ocefUrSef;csuf? tcgtm;avsmf
pGm xkwjf yefcsurf sm;ESihf owif;
tcsuftvufrsm;udk jynfol
vlxk tcsed Ef iS w
hf pfajy;nDBudKwif
od&dS&ef rdk;av0oESifhZvaA'
nTefMum;rIO;D pD;XmeHk;rsm;rS ay;
ydkv
Y mrIukd wkid ;f a'oBuD;? cdki?f
Nrd K Ue,f t k y f c sKyf a &;rS L ;rsm;\
nT e f M um;csuf j zif h &yf u G u f ^
aus;&Gmtkycf sKyfa&;rSL;rsm;u rdrd
wdk&Y yfuu
G ^f aus;&Gmrsm;twGif;
toHcsUJ pufrsm;jzifh vdkuv
f t
H od

*syefEkdifiHom;\aysmufqkH;aomydkufqHtdwf
dk;om;aomyckuLom;wkdhaMumifUjyefvnf&&Sd

bDvif;wGif
aorIaocif;jzpfyGm;
EkdifEkdif(rGef)
bD;vif; ar 11
rGefjynfe,f bD;vif;acsmif;
twGif; ,ckv 8 &ufrGef;vGJ
2em&D 15rdepfwiG f tavmif;wpf
avmif;awGU&adS Mumif;owif;t&
&JwyfzGJU0ifrsm;uoGm;a&mufppf
aq;&maoqk;H olrmS bD;vif;NrKd Ue,f
a&TavSaus;&Gmae odef;xG#fOD;
(37)ESpf(b) OD;oef;0if;jzpfNyD;
,ckv7 &uf nae 3em&Dcw
JG iG f
tdro
f jYkd yef&efavSr&So
d jzifh acsmif;
tm;jzwful;pOf acsmif;twGif;
a&epfaoqkH;cJhonf/ jzpfpOf
ESifhywfouf ,ckv 8 &uf
nae 3em&DwGifbDvif;NrdKUr&J
pcef;rSaorIaocif;trSwfpOf
(7^2015)a&;zGi
hf ppfaq;aqmif
&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/

ay;EdI;aqmfcJhonf/
,ckESpf {NyD 1&ufwGif rdk;
av0oESifh ZvaA'nTefMum;rI
OD;pD;XmerS xkwjf yefonfh rdk;BudK
umvavjyif;wdkucf wfrnft
h pD
tpOfESifhpyfvsOf; jrefrmEdkifiH
t&yf&yfwGif taemufawmif
rkwo
f k&H moDrusa&mufrD rdk;BudK;?
umvtwGi;f aeYtylcsed rf sm;jrifh
wufvm&mrS rGef;vGJ? naeydkif;
wdkw
Y iG f rdk;wdraf wmifrsm;jzpfay:
NyD; tqdkygrdk;wdrfawmifrsm;a&GU
vsm;&mwpfavQmufwGif av
jyif;wdkufcwfjcif;? avjyif;ESifh
twlxpfcsKef;jcif;? rdk;BudK;ypf
jcif;? vQyfpD;vufjcif;? rkd;oD;
a<ujcif;ESifh ae&muGufusm;rdk;
xpfcsKef;&Gmjcif;ponfrh k;d av0o
jzpfpOfrsm; jzpfay:Edkiyf gaMumif;
ESihf avjyif;wdkucf wfpOf ajrjyif
a&jyifavonf wpfem&DvQif
35rdkirf S rkid 4f 0txd wdkucf wfEkid f
aMumif;owday;csux
f w
k jf yefxm;
rItajctaetay: jynfol vlxk
*kjyKaexdkiEf kid &f efycJ ;l NrdKUay:&yf
uGut
f oD;oD;&dt
S yk cf sKyaf &;rSL;rsm;
u xyfqifhvkdufvHtoday; EId;
aqmfjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/

a&Tnmudkudk
yckuL ar 11
Ekid if jH cm;{nho
f nfvma&mufrI
rsm;jym;aeaom yckuLNrdKUwGif
,ckv 8 &uf eHeuf 10 em&Du
*syefEkdifiHom;wpfOD;\ ydkufqH
tdww
f pfv;kH aysmufq;kH aeonfukd
pkpH rf;&SmazGay;&ef NrdKUr&Jpcef;odkY
ulnaD wmif;cHcahJ Mumif;od&onf/
*syefEikd if o
H m;Mr.Tomoyuki,
PP No. Tk 4636507, visa No.

onf ,ckv6&uf
nae 5em&Du rEav;rS ur
&mZmum;jzihv
f ma&mufcahJ Mumif;
od & onf / ok c [d k w ,f w G i f
tcef ; Bud K wif r S m um yck u L
blwmrSwpfqih&f xm;jzihq
f yd jf zL
odo
kY mG ;a&mufcahJ Mumif;? qdyjf zLrS
e091980

yckuLokYdvma&mufcJhaMumif;?
,ckv 6 &ufu NrdKUraps;BuD;
teD;okc[dkw,fwGif tcef;c
wGuaf iG&iS ;f pOf ,if;tdwt
f wGi;f
&Sd ,ldkaiG70ESihfjrefrmaiG usyf
10000? ta<u;uwf (Credit)
wpf u wf v Qif US a':vm
1000 wef okH;uwfyg0ifaom
av;vufrywfvnfykduq
f t
H w
d f
wpf v H k ; aysmuf q k H ; aeonf u d k
awGU&Sd&NyD; rnfonhfae&mwGif
aysmufqk;H aeonfukdrod&o
dS jzifh
pkHprf;&SmazGay;&ef &Jpcef;odkY
vma&muftultnDawmif;cHcJh
aMumif;od&onf/
yckuLNrdKUr&Jpcef;rSL; 'k&rJ LS ;
0if;vdIif? e,fxdef;acgif;aqmif
'k&t
J kyw
f ihEf kid 0f if;ESifh &JwyfzUG 0J if

ig;OD;tzGJUonf okc[dkw,fodkY
oGm;a&mufNyD; *syefEdkifiHom;
wnf;cdkonhf tcef;ukd &SmazGppf
aq;Muonf/
if;pD;vmaom um;vuf
rSwaf y:&Szd ke;f eHygwfrsm;rSwpfqihf
qufo,
G af qmif&u
G af epOf Edkiif H
jcm;om;pD;eif;vmonfhum;rSm
,Ofarmif;aZmfjrihaf rmif;ESiaf om
1E-3588 ur & mZm(ur rEav;)c&D;onfwif,mOfi,f
vdki;f rSum;ydki&f iS Of ;D Tev
Yf iG o
f nf
,ckv 6 &ufu aetdrfodkY
,mOfarmif;u um;vmtyfpOf
oefY&Sif;a&;vkyf&m tqdkyg
ydkuq
f t
H w
d u
f kd awGU&o
dS rd ;f qnf;
xm;cJah Mumif; NrdKUr&Jpcef;rSL;xH
zkef;jzihf qufoG,fvmcJhonhf
tjyifO;D Gev
Yf iG u
f if;\udkwkd;
av;azhbkwpf mrsuEf mS wGiv
f nf;
ydkuq
f t
H w
d af wGU&o
dS rd ;f qnf;xm;
aMumif;azmfjycJo
h nf/ *syefEkdiif H
om;\ydkuq
f t
H w
d u
f ko
d kc[dkw,f
wGif OD;Tev
fY iG Ef iS Nfh rdKUr&Jpcef;rSL;
tzGJUu ,ckv 8 &uf nae
5 em&D *syefEdkifiHom;xHodkY
jyefvnfay;tyfcJhaMumif; od&
onf/

LOCAL 7

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*F g

*kP,
f lp&m td;k vkyfonf&
h Gm yef;pGm
azxGP;f aZmf(a&pBudK )

jzifhjyKvkyfaom tdk;
trsK;d rsK;d rSm jrefrmhk;d &m
vufrIynm&yfwpfckjzpfonf/
tqdkyg ajrxnfypn;f trsK;d rsK;d
udk a&S;jrefrmBuD;rsm;vufxuf
vGecf ahJ om ESpf &maxmifcsu
D mv
uwnf;ujyKvkyo
f k;H pGcJ MhJ uonf/
rsuaf rSmufacwfumvonf
enf;ynmtrsK;d rsK;d jzifh pufrx
I eG ;f
um;aomumvjzpfonfEiS t
hf nD
vlw\
kYd toHk;taqmiftrsK;d rsK;d udk
pufrIypnf;trsKd;rsKd;jzifh tpm;
xdk;oHk;pGaJ eMuaomfvnf; ajrjzifh
jyKvkyaf om jrefrmhkd;&mtdk;trsK;d

ajr

rsK;d u aysmufu,
G
f roGm; qifh
uJqifu
h J oHk;pGx
J ed ;f odr;f xm;qJ
yif/
,cktcg tqdkygajrxnf
ypnf;trsKd;rsKd;ukd jrefrmEkdifiH
wpf0ef; ae&ma'otoD;oD;wGif
wDxiG rf t
I rsK;d rsK;d ? qef;opfrt
I zHk
zHkwdkYjzifh jyKvkyfoHk;pGJMuvsuf&Sd
Muonf/
xd k t xJ w G i f jref r mjynf
tv,fykdi;f tnma'o NrdKifNrdKU
e,fxJu yef;pGm&Gmvnf;yg0if
ygonf/ yef;pGm&Gmonf NrdKifNrdKU
ESihf 21 rdkicf efu
Y mG a0;NyD; tdraf jc

500 ausmf? vlOD;a& 2000cefY


aexdkifMuNyD; tdk;vkyfief;jzifh
toufarG;0rf;ausmif;rIjyKvmcJh
MuonfrSm ESpf 100 ausmfMum
jrifch NhJ yDjzpfaMumif; a'ocHrsm;u
ajymjy odcJh&onf/
yljyif;aom tnma'o\
obm0t& ajcmufcef;vSNyD;
tnmjy,k*f? tnmoauFw
jzpfaom xef;&dyfndKndKMum;u
yef;pGm&Gmuav;\ vlOD;a&
xuf0ufausmu
f tdk;vkyif ef;udk
vkyu
f kid
f toufarG;0rf;ausmif;
rIjyKcJhMuonfrSm ,aeYwdkifyif

jzpfonf/
aus;&Gmwpf&Gm? xkwfukef
wpfrsK;d ? wpfausmif;? wpf*gxm?
wpf&mG ? wpfyk'q
f ef;qdkovdk yef;
pGm&GmrSxkwfvkyfaom tdk;onf
tjcm;&Gm? tjcm;a'orSxkwv
f kyf
aom tdk;ESifhyHkpHuGJjym;? jcm;em;
onfudkvnf; owdjyKavhvmcJh
&onf/ yef;pGm&Gmvkyaf omufa&
tdk;\yHkoPmefrmS vnfwdkaomf
vnf; tdk;EIwcf rf;rSm vef&Snf
onf/ tdk;\ta&mifrSm tjcm;
a'oxGuftdk;xuf teDa&mif
bufygonf/ jyKvkyfonfh tdk;
trsK;d tpm;rsm;rSm aomufa&tdk;
(w,ftkd;=tdk;BuD;)aomufa&tdk;
tvwf?tao;?y&dwt
f k;d ? xrif;
csuftdk;trsKd;rsKd;? [if;csuftdk;
trsK;d rsK;d ? jrLtdk;wdu
kY kd rdk;&Gm&ufrS
ty wpfESpfywfvHk;vkyfudkifMu
aMumif; avhvmod&Sd&onf/
tdk;trsK;d tpm;tvdkuf owf
rSwaf ps;EIe;f rsm;rSm w,ftkd;wpf
vHk; 800? aomufa&tdk; tvwf
wpfvHk; 500? y&dwftdk; 300?
[if;csuftdk;? xrif;csuftdk;
tBuD;? tao;tvdkuf 400?
300? 200 ESifh jrLtdk;wpfvHk;

150jzpfonf/ tqdkygaps;EIef;
rsm;rSm ae&mwGiaf zmufonfay;
aps;EIe;f rsm;jzpfonf/ a'oteD;
tem;wpf0dkuf? &moDtvdkuf
bk&m;yGJaps;rsm;odkY oGm;a&muf
a&mif;csonfhtcg w,ftdk;BuD;
wpfvHk; 1500? aomufa&tdk;
1000? xrif;tdk;? [if;tdk;wpf
vHk; 800? 600? 400? jrLtdk;
wpfvkH; 200? 250 jzifah &mif;cs
&aMumif; a'ocHrsm;u ajymjy
onf/
yef;pGm&Gmvkyt
f kd;trsK;d rsK;d udk
rHk&Gm? *efYa*g? aqm? a,m? A*sD
e,fwpf0dkuf vlBudKufrsm;vsuf
tjrJwrf;atmf'g&SdaMumif; odcJh
&onf/
tdk;rsK;d rsK;d jyKvky&f mwGif NrdKif
NrdKUe,fawmraus;&Gm? udki;f vnf
aus;&Gmrsm;rS ajrjym(oJqefaom
ajrap;)udk EGm;vSnf;wpfpD;pm
usyf 500 ay; 0,f,l&NyD;
yef;pGm&GmrS ajreDESifha&mpyfvkyf
udkif&aMumif;? yxrtqifhrSm
0,f,lxm;aom ajrudkajceif;
armif;qHkwGif rIefYatmifaxmif;
qefcgcs xdkajrwpfq? &Gmajr
ESpq
f a&m &TUH E,
S ?f &TUH eif;? ajr

ESy&f aMumif;? ajrESy


f ESyNf yD;ajr
jzifh pufcHkwGif tdk;tMurf;xnf
vkyf wpf&ufcefYt0uf(odkY)tkyf
p&mwpfckckjzifh avpdr;f rrdatmif
tkyfxm;&aMumif;? 4if;aemuf
vufcw
k ;kH ESiv
hf ufu
kd w
f w
k t
f oH;k
jyK ememdkuNf yD; tdk;pdru
f ko
d k;H ae
avmufaeylvrS ;f &aMumif;? aeyl
vSr;f NyD;tdk;rsm;udk ajreDa&mif&ifh
&ifhaq;okwf wpfaevSrf; rD;
zkwf&aMumif;? tdk;wpfvHk;jzpfzdkY
&ef vkyfief;tqifhqifhvkyfudkif
& vuf0ifaMumif;? xdkokdv
Y kyf
ief;tqifq
h ifv
h kyNf yD; xGu&f v
dS m
aom ukeaf csmypn;f rsm;rSmvnf;
wefzdk;tm;jzifh NrdK;NrdK;jrufjruf
r&aomfvnf; rdarGzarGqkdovdk
rd;kd zvmvkyif ef;vnf;jzpf?touf
arG;0rf;ausmif;vkyif ef;vnf;jzpf
onfhtjyif jrefrmhdk;&mvufrI
ynmrwdraf um?ryaysmufatmif
qufvufxed ;f odr;f aomtm;jzifh
vufqifhurf;tarG cH,lvkyf
aqmifaeMuovdk rsKd;qufopf
rsm;udkvnf; vufqifu
h rf;tarG
ay;vsu&f adS Mumif; a'ocHrsm;\
pHerlem,lp&m? jrifhjrwfonfh
cH,lcsufudk av;pm;wefzdk;xm;
aomtm;jzifh yef;pGm&Gm vkyftdk;
taMumif;udk rSwfwrf;jyKaom
tm;jzifh *kPfjyKa&;om;tyfyg
onf/

vdik pf ifrq
hJ ikd u
f ,fzrf;qD;&&So
d nf'h PfaMu;tcGeaf iGjzifh a&S;a[mif;bk&m;ESifh a&wGif;rsm;jyKjyifxdef;odrf;oifh
armifjynfol(rEav;)
aus;vufa'ozGH Y NzdK;a&;twGuaf qmif&u
G af y;apvdk rEav;atmifar a11jrompHNrdKUe,fOykofawmf&yfuGuf rEav;awmif
a&mifeDwif0if;
a&Tbdk ar 11
ppfukid ;f wdki;f a'oBuD; cifO;D
NrdKUe,f vdkifpifrJhqdkifu,fzrf;
qD;rIudk 2014 ckESpf Edk0ifbm
19 &ufrSp 'DZifbm 2 &uf
txd &Spf&uftwGif;jyKvkyfcJh&m
vdkifpifrJharmfawmfqdkifu,f 41
pD;udk zrf;qD;&rdNyD; 37 pD;rSm
pD;yGm;a&;bPfodkU 'PfaMu;
tcGeaf iGtjzpf usyo
f ed ;f ok;H q,f
ausmfay;oGif;cJh&aMumif; od&
onf/ tqdkyg'PfaMu;tcGeaf iG
jzifh ,if;a'o&Sad us;vufa'o
zGUH NzdK;a&;twGuf aqmif&u
G af y;
apvdkaMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS
od&onf/
NrdKUe,fta&; avhvmapmifh
Munfhaeol OD;wiftkef;ausmf
(F.N.I)u uRefawmfwkNYd rdKUe,frmS
vdkifpifrJhqdkifu,fzrf;qD;&m
aus;vufa'oawm&Gmu vl

awGom trsm;qkH;zrf;qD;cH&
aMumif;? ,if;aus;vufa'o
awm&GmuvlawG[m trsm;pkrmS
vlrpI ;D yGm;zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufrI tvGef
enf;yg;vSNyD; 'PfaMu;tcGeaf iG
ay;aqmif&mvnf; &yf&GmxJrS
twdk;EIe;f BuD;jrifph mG jzifh aiGaMu;
&,l ajyvnfatmif zefwD;
aqmif&u
G &f aMumif;?,if; aus;
vufa'oawm&GmawGrmS vrf;?
wHwm;? ausmif;? aomufo;kH a&?
rD;? aq;ay;cef;ponfwkdY rjynfh
pkaH o;aMumif;? Ekid if aH wmforw
BuD;uvnf; aus;vufa'o
zGUH NzdK;a&;ESiq
hf if;&JErG ;f yg;rIavQmh
csa&;? vlrpI ;D yGm;zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufrI
wdkYudk tm;oGefcGefpdkufBudK;yrf;
aqmif&GufaecsdefwGif ppfudkif;
wdkif;a'oBuD;&Sd NrdKUe,ftvdkuf
vdkifpifrJharmfawmfqdkifu,fzrf;
qD;&m&&Sdaom 'PfaMu;tcGef
aiGrsm;jzifh ,if;aus;vufa'o

awm&Gmrsm;wGif vlrpI ;D yGm;zGUH NzdK;


wdk;wufap&eftwGuf &efykHaiG
rsm;cGaJ 0csay;oifah Mumif; ponf
jzifhajymonf/
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD;&Sd
NrdKUe,ftvdkuf vdkipf ifrahJ rmfawmf
qdkiu
f ,fzrf;qD;&m NrdKUe,fprD H
cefcY aJG &;aumfrwD? une? &Jwyf
zGUJ ?,mOfxed ;f &J?rD;owf?taumuf
cGeEf iS b
hf PftzGUJ paom yl;aygif;
tzGUJ wku
dY 2014 ckESpf Edk0ifbm
18 &ufrS 2015 ckESpf {NyDv
uket
f xd NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;wdkw
Y iG f
zrf;qD;ta&;,lcJhaMumif; od&
onf/
tqdyk gppfuikd ;f wdik ;f a'oBu;D
vdkifpifrJharmfawmfqdkifu,f
5311 pD;zrf;qD;&rd qdkiu
f ,f
5048 pD;rSm 'PfaMu;tcGefaiG
ay;aqmif&mvnf; usyfodef;
aygif; 5300 ausmfjzpfaMumif;
od&onf/

odykY g rdrad 'orSay;aqmif


&aom 'PfaMu;tcGeaf iGukd rdrd
a'o vlrpI ;D yGm;zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufap
&eftwGuf &efykHaiGrsm; cGJa0cs
xm;ay;apvdkaMumif; cifOD;NrdKU
e,fa'ocHrsm;xHrS od&onf/

taemufbufapmif;wef;opfqyd af usmif;wdkut
f eD; jrefrmbk&ifrsm;
vufxuf eef;wGif;tEG,fawmfrsm;aqmufvkyfvSL'gef;xm;cJhaom
bk&m;apwDrsm;?a&S;a[mif;a&wGi;f BuD;rsm;&SNd yD; jyKjyifxed ;f odr;f rIr&Sb
d J
ysupf ;D vsu&f &dS m a&S;a[mif;okawoeOD;pD;Xmeu rSwfwrf;,lum
jyKjyifxdef;odrf;oifhaMumif; ordkif;okawoDrsm;u okH;oyfajymqdk
MuaMumif; od&onf/

ppfukdi;f wdki;f a'oBuD; uav;NrdKU olemjyKESio


hf m;zGm;oifwef;ausmif;taqmufttHkrsm;udk csrf;ajrhatmif
pnf&yfuu
G f yifvkHvrf;rawmfab; um;av;uGi;f teD;wGif 2014-2015 b@ma&;ESpf aq;odyyH nmOD;pD;
Xme\ aiGvHk;aiG&if;cGifhjyK&efyHkaiGusyf 2903 'or 00oef;jzifh ukrPD&SpfckwdkYu wm0ef,laqmufvkyf
vsuf&Sdonfudk ar 8 &ufu awGU&pOf/
*sKd;euf

USDP

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*F g ?

vyGwmNrdKY e,fjynfaxmifpkMuHUcdkifa&;ESifUzY GH NzdK;a&;ygwD

trsKd;orD;a&;&mvlxkawGY qHkyGJusif;y

wmarGNrdKUe,f arwmGefY&yfuGuf oD&dvrf; oD&dr*Fvmbkef;awmfBuD;oifynma&;ausmif; q&mawmf


b'Et*0o
H xHokdY ar 9 &uf nae 5 em&Du jynfaxmifpkMuhcH kdiaf &;ESizhf UHG NzdK;a&;ygwD &efukew
f kdi;f a'oBuD;
aumfrwD0if wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD;rif;odrf;ESifhZeD; jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
a':vJv
h 0hJ if;aqGro
d m;pku e0urtvSLawmfaiGusyf wpfoed ;f ? wmarGNrdKUe,f ygwDaumfrwD0if a'gufwm
ZGeu
f kdviG u
f vpOfvLS 'gef;aiGusyf wpfoed ;f ? wmarGNrdKUe,fygwDaumfrwD0if OD;oef;atmifu tvSLawmfaiG
usyf ig;aomif; vSL'gef;pOf/
wm&m(wmarG)

pdk;pdk;(vyGwm)
vyGwm ar 11
vyGwmNrdKUe,f jynfaxmifpk
MuHch kdiaf &;ESizhf UHG NzdK;ygwDuBuD;rSL;
usif;yaom trsKd;orD;a&;&m
vlxkawGUqkHyu
JG kd vyGwmNrdKUe,f
jynfaxmifpkMuHhcdkifa&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;
a&;ygwDHk; taqmufttHkwGif
,ckv 7 &uf eHeuf 8 em&Du
usif;ycJhonf/
tcrf;tem;odkY ygwDA[dk
aumfrwD0iftrsK;d om;vTwaf wmf vyGwmNrdKUe,ftrsKd;orD;a&;&m
udk,pf m;vS,f cdkiyf gwDtwGi;f tzGJUtvkyftrIaqmifrsm;? ygwD
a&;rSL;OD;vdiI Of ;D ? vyGwmNrdKUe,f 0ifrsm;tiftm; 140cefU wuf
jynfaxmifpkMuHch dkiaf &;ESihf zGNYH zdK; a&mufMuonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif
a&;ygwDtwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;0if;aqG vyGwmNrdKUe,f jynfaxmifpkMuHh
ESifh ygwDwm0ef&dSyk*dKvfrsm;? cdik af &;ESizhf UHGNzKd ;a&;ygwDtwGi;f a&;
rSL;OD;0if;aqGu obmywdtjzpf
aqmif&u
G o
f nf/ ygwDA[dkaumf
rwD0if trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
udk,pf m;vS,f cdkiyf gwDtwGi;f
a&;rSL;OD;vdiI Of ;D u trsK;d orD;a&;
&mESiyhf wfoufonfrsm;udk vrf;
TeftrSmpum;ajymMum;onf/
tcrf;tem;wGif vyGwmNrdKU
e,f jynfaxmifpkMuHhcdkifa&;ESifh
zGUH NzdK;a&;ygwD NrdKUe,fygwDaumf
rwD0ifa':&nfreG x
f ufu trsK;d
orD;xktwGuf ygwDvkyif ef;pOf
jzifh pmwrf;zwfMum;wifoiG ;f NyD;
udk,pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D uaxmufcH

ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; jynfcdkifNzdK;ygwDvkyfief;ndEdIif;pnf;a0;
rif;qufEdkif(rkH&Gm)
rkH&Gm ar 11
ppfukdi;f wdki;f a'oBuD; jynf
cdkiNf zdK;ygwD wdki;f a'oBuD;aumf
rwD0ifrsm;? cdkifESifhNrdKUe,frsm;
rS Ou|twGif;a&;rSL;rsm;ESifh
vkyfief;ndEdIif; tpnf;ta0;udk
,ckv 9 eHeuf 10 em&DcGJu
usif;y&m wdkif;a'oBuD; ygwD
Ou| OD;omat;?wdki;f a'oBuD;
vTwfawmfOu| OD;oif;vdIif?
A[dkaumfrwD0if wdki;f a'oBuD;
tpdk;&tzGJU0if0efBuD;rsm;? A[dk
aumfrwD0ifrsm;? wdki;f a'oBuD;
ygwDaumfrwD0ifrsm;? cdkifESifh
NrdKUe,frsm;rSOu|ESit
hf wGi;f a&;
rSL;rsm; wufa&mufcJhonf/
tcrf;tem;wGif wdki;f a'o
BuD;ygwDOu|u trSmpum;
ajymMum;cJo
h nf/xdkUaemuf wuf

a&mufvmaom cdkiEf iS hf NrdKUe,f


ygwDOu|rsm;u rdrw
d kdU NrdKUe,f
tajctae ygwD0iftiftm;&&Sd
rI?2015 a&G;aumufyGJatmifEdkif
rItajctaersm;udkwifjycJo
h nf/
qufvuf wdki;f a'oBuD;
ygwDtwGif;a&;rSL; a'gufwm
0if;jrifah tmifu cdkiEf iS hf NrdKUe,f
rsm;\ vkyfief;aqmif&Gufcsuf
rsm;udk oHk;oyfwifjycJhonf/
qufvuf wdki;f a'oBuD;
ygwDOu| OD;omat;u 2014
ckESpftwGif; ygwD0iftiftm;
trsm;qHk;pnf;Hk;Edkifaom uefY
bvlNrdKUe,fukd yxrqk? 'kw,
d
trsm;qHk;qkudk ppfudkif;NrdKUe,f
ESihf wwd,qkukd rHk&mG NrdKUe,fEiS hf
ESpfodrfhqk&&Sdaom 0ufvufNrdKU
e,fESifh bkwvifNrdKUe,fwdkUudk
qkrsm; toD;oD;ay;tyfcJhonf/

xdkUaemuf wdkif;a'oBuD;
vTwfawmfOu| OD;oif;vdIifu
2014ckESpftwGif; Data Entry
trsm;qHk;wifjyEdkifrIwGif yxr
qk&&Sdonfh 0ufvufNrdKUe,fESifh
'kwd,qk& uefYbvlNrdKUe,f?
wwd,qk& a&TbkNd rdKUe,f?ESpo
f rd hf

yef;bJwef;NrdK Y e,f ygwDaumfrwD0ifrsm;


cdkifNzdK;apwemESifh yl;aygif;?tcrJh aq;uko

qkrsm;&&Sad om wefUqnfNrdKUe,f
ESihf uav;NrdKUe,fwkUd tm; qkrsm;
toD;oD;ay;tyfcNhJ yD; wdki;f a'o
BuD; ygwDOu|u ed*kH;csKyftrSm atmifukd(yef;bJwef;)
pum;ajymMum;NyD; vkyif ef;nEd iId ;f &efukef ar 11
yef;bJwef;NrdKUe,f jynfckdif
tpnf;ta0;udk atmifjrifpGm
usi;f yNyD;pD;cJah Mumif; od&onf/ NzdK;ygwDkH;wGif ,ckv 9 &uf

eHeuf 9 em&DrSp &efukef


taemufykdif;cdkif NzdK;apwem
tcrJhe,fvSnfhusef;rma&;apmifh
a&SmufrItzGJUESihf NrdKUe,fygwD
aumfrwD0ifrsm;yl;aygif; tcrJh
aq;0g;ukojcif;aqmif&u
G cf o
h J nf/
tqkyd gaq;0g;ukorIaqmif
&Guf&mwGif wkdif;a'oBuD;ygwD
aumfrwD0ifO;D wif0if;?taemuf
ykid ;f cdkit
f wGi;f a&;rSL; OD;ae0if;
vGifoD[
ES
i
h
f
c
d
k
i
fygwDaumfrwD0ifrsm;?
&efukef ar 11
taxGaxGa&m*gtxl;ukq&m0ef
omauwNrdKUe,f jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;
BuD;a'gufwmOD;pk;d rif;OD;? olem
vS,f OD;armifarmifpkd;? wkid ;f a'oBuD; vTwaf wmf
jyK ok;H OD;? tulav;OD;ESifh yef;bJ
udk,pf m;vS,frsm;jzpfMuonhf OD;GeYaf zESiOfh D;aZmf
wef;NrdKUe,fygwDtwGif;a&;rSL;
0if;EdkifwdkYonf ,ckv 8 &uf eHeuf 9 em&Du
OD;jrihcf ikd Ef iS Nfh rdKUe,fygwDaumfrwD
NrdKUe,fjynfaxmifpkMuHhcdkifa&;ESihfzGHUNzdK;a&;ygwDkH;
0ifrsm;? &yfuGufygwDaumfrwD
cef;r NrdKUe,ftwGi;f &Sd &yfuu
G af ygif;&Sp&f yfuu
G f
0ifrsm;? ygwD0ifrsm;yl;aygif;ul
rS vrf;jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwD0ifrsm;ESifh awGUq
kH
nDaqmif&GufcJhMuNyD; nae 3
vrf;cif;Edkiaf &;tpDtpOfrsm;ESiyfh wfouf ndE iId ;f
em&Dtxd aq;0g;ukoay;jcif;
aqG;aEG;cJhonf/
ndE iId ;f aqG;aEG;yGo
J kYd &yfuu
G af ygif; &Sp&f yfuu
G f
rsm;aqmif&u
G cf MhJ u&m taxGaxG
&Sd vrf;aygif; 31vrf;rS vrf;jzpfajrmufa&;aumf vTwaf wmfuk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;\ axmufyu
hH n
l rD jI zihf a&m*ga0'em&Sif 90 ukd tcrJh
rwD0ifrsm; wufa&mufcJhMuNyD; 2016-2017 cif;usif;aqmif&Gufay;a&;udp&yfrsm;udk ndEdIif; ukoay;Ekid cf ahJ Mumif;od&onf/
b@mESpfbwf*sufwGif xnhfoGif;ay;a&;ESihf aqG;aEG;cJhaMumif;od&onf/

omauwNrdKY e,f vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;


vrf;jzpfajrmufa&;aumfrwD0ifrsm;ESifUawGY qkHaqG;aEG;

jrefatmifNrdKUe,f jynfckdifNzdK;ygwDonf ar 9 &ufu NrdKUe,f


tkycf sKyaf &;rSL;ESihf wkid ;f a'oBuD; vTwaf wmfuk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm; OD;aqmif
NyD; Xmeqkid &f mrsm;? Edkiif aH &;ygwDrsm;\ NrdKUoef&Y iS ;f om,mvSyapa&;
twGuf pkaygif;trdu
I af umufyw
JG iG f wufwuf<u<uyg0ifaqmif&u
G f
cJhMupOf/
ae0if;aZmf(jrefatmif)

onf/ vyGwmNrdKUe,f trsK;d orD;


a&;&mtzGJUrS tvkyftrIaqmif
a':opfopfpu
H trsK;d orD;tcGihf
ta&;ESiOhf ya'todtjrif<u,f0
rIacgif;pOfjzifh pmwrf;zwfMum;
wifoiG ;f NyD; udk,pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D
u axmufco
H nf/ qufvuf
vyGwmNrdKUe,f jynfaxmifpk
MuHch kid af &;ESizhf UHG NzdK;a&;ygwD trsK;d
orD;a&;&mtzGUJ 0if a':oif;oif;
vdiI u
f trsK;d orD;xkEiS hf Edkiif aH &;
acgif;pOfjzifph mwrf;zwfMum;wif
oGi;f NyD; udk,pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D u
axmufcHonf/ vyGwmNrdKUe,f
jynfaxmifpMk uchH ikd af &;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;
ygwDtwGi;f a&;rSL;OD;0if;aqGu
tqdyk gtcrf;tem;wifoiG ;f zwf
Mum;aompmwrf;rsm;udkrw
S w
f rf;
wifjcif;ESiahf &SUvkyif ef;pOfrsm; cs
rSwjf cif;wdu
kY kd aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nf/

INTERNATIONAL

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*F g

crfrefEA
dk t
dk Murf;zufwu
dk cf u
dk r
f I

ukdqkdAkdukd rufqD'kd;eD;,m;tjypfwif zdvpfykdifta&SUajrmufykdif;wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;0ifa&muf

crfrefEkdAkd ar 11
,refaeYwiG f rufq'D k;d eD;,m;Ekid if H crfrefEAkd Nkd rdKU tMurf;zufvufeufuikd t
f zGUJ
wpfzUJG EiS hf rufq'D ;kd eD;,m;&JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm; wku
d yf jJG yif;xefpmG jzpfymG ;cJjh cif;ESiyhf wfouf
NyD; rufq'D k;d eD;,m;tmPmykid rf sm;u udkqkAd kEd kid if u
H kd ,aeYjypfwifajymMum;vku
d f
onf/ tMurf;zuftzGUJ ukd ukq
d kAd kEd kid if o
H m;ig;OD;u OD;aqmifaMumif;vnf; rufqD
'kd;eD;,m;jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
,refaeYu jyif;xefpGmjzpfyGm;cJhonfhwkdufyJGwGif rufqD'kd;eD;,m;&JwyfzGJU0if
&SpfOD;aoqkH;cJhNyD; vufeufukdiftzGJUrS 14 OD;aoqkH;cJhonf/ vufeufukdiftzGJUrS
aoqkH;olrsm;onf ukdqkdAkdppfwyfrS trnfy,fzsufjcif;cHxm;&onfh ppfrIxrf;
a[mif;rsm;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
,refaeYujzpfymG ;cJo
h nfw
h u
kd yf rJG mS NyD;qk;H oGm;cJNh yDjzpfaMumif;? vufeufuikd rf sm;
ukd acsreI ;f Ekid cf NhJ yDjzpfaMumif;ESihf vufeufrsm;pGmodr;f qnf;Ekid cf ahJ Mumif; rufq'D k;d
eD;,m;jynfxaJ &;0efBuD;Xmeu owif;xkwjf yefxm;onf/ NyD;cJo
h nfv
h wGiv
f nf;
ukq
d kAd krd S t,fbrfe,
D efvrl sK;d pk 40 cefo
Y nf e,fpyfukjd zwfausmu
f m rufq'D k;d eD;
,m;aus;&Gmwpf&mG rS &Jpcef;ukd 0ifa&mufwku
d cf ku
d cf o
hJ nf/ 4if;wko
Yd nf rufq'D k;d
eD;,m;EkdifiHtwGif; t,fbrfeD,efjynfe,fwpfcktjzpf zefwD;ay;&ef rufqD'kd;eD;
,m;ukd zdtm;ay;awmif;qkdaeonfhtzGJUjzpfonf/
rufqD'kd;eD;,m;EkdifiH\ vlOD;a& ESpfoef;teuf av;ykHwpfykHcefYonf t,f
brfe,
D efvrl sK;d rsm;jzpfNyD; 2001 ckEpS rf pS wifum tcGit
hf a&;rsm;ukyd krd kad wmif;qkd
cJMh uonf/ 4if;wku
Yd kd ukq
d kAd ku
d aoG;xk;d ulnaD eonf[k rufq'D k;d eD;,m;u pGypf JG
xm;onf/
T1P(Ref: ABC)

ESpfOD;aoqkH;?a'ocHrsm;ab;vGwf&ma&TUajymif;

reDvm ar 11
zdvpfykdifEkdifiH ta&SUajrmufykdif;
a'ookdY tm;jyif;wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;
,aeY0ifa&mufwkdufcwfcJh&m ESpfOD;
aoqkH;NyD; a'ocH 4000 cefY ab;
vGw&f mokYd a&TUajymif;cJ&h aMumif; atyD
owif;Xmeuazmfjyxm;onf/
zdvpfykid t
f a&SUajrmufykid ;f um*g
,efckid t
f wGi;f 0ifa&mufwu
kd cf wfchJ
jcif;jzpfNyD; tqkyd ga'owGif vQyfppf
rD;jzwfawmufxm;&onf/ rkefwkdif;
owday;rIrsm;? a&BuD;rIESifhajrjydKrI
qkid &f m owday;rIrsm;aMumifh a'ocH
rsm;onf jrif h r m;onf h a &T U ajymif ;

aexkdifcJhMuonf/ ,ckwkdufcwfonfh
wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;onf ,ckESpftwGif;
zdvpfykid Ef kid if MH uHKawG&Y onfh tm;tjyif;
qk;H rkew
f kid ;f jzpfNyD; avwku
d Ef eI ;f rSm wpf
em&DvQif 137 rkid &f adS Mumif; od&onf/
tqkdygrkefwkdif;onf ,ckv 12
&ufwGif wkwfwkdifayESifh*syefEkdifiHqD
okdY qufvufa&GUvsm;zG,f&SdaMumif;
rkd;av0oynm&Sifrsm;u cefYrSef;xm;
onf/ zdvpfykdifEkdifiHonf rkefwkdif;
tE&m,fESifhMuHKawGY&avh&Sdaom EkdifiH
wpfEikd if jH zpfNy;D 2013 ckEpS t
f wGi;f wku
d f
cwfcJhonfh wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;aMumifh
a'ocH 7000 ausmf aoqkH;cJh&onf/

,ckwkdufcwfonfh wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;
aMumifh aoqkH;cJholESpfOD;rSm aetdrf
acgifr;kd jyKjyifaepOf "mwfvu
kd af oqk;H
cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
tmPmykid rf sm;urlBudKwifjyifqif
rIESifhowday;rIrsm;t& ,ckwkdifzkef;
rkew
f ikd ;f aMumifh xdcku
d af oqk;H rIpm&if;
jrifw
h ufvmrnf[k rarQmfvifah Mumif;
owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
]]zdvpfyikd [
f m twdwu
f oifcef;
pmawGukd aumif;aumif;em;vnfNyD;
jyif q if x m;ygw,f } }[k a'ocH
tmPmykdifwpfOD;uajymonf/
T1P(Ref: AP)

yifv,ftwGif;rSb*F gvD 600 eD;yg;ukd tif'kdeD;&Sm;u,fwif


*sumwm ar 11
b*Fvm;a'h&SfESifhjrefrmEkdifiHrS ae&yfpGefYcGma&TUajymif;aexkdifolrsm;tjzpf ,lqjcif;cHxm;&onfh b*FgvD 600
eD;yg;ukd tif'ked ;D &Sm;wHigonfrsm;u ,refaeYwiG f u,fwifvku
d af Mumif; ku
d w
f mowif;Xmeuazmfjyxm;onf/
vlrsm;rwefwq wifxm;onfah vSEpS pf if;xJwiG f trsK;d orD;ESiu
hf av;rsm;vnf;yg0ifaMumif;? tqkyd gavSEpS pf if;ukd
a'ocHwiH gonfrsm; BudK;jzifq
h u
JG m urf;okYd ,refaeYwiG f ac:aqmifcjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; tif'ked ;D &Sm;tmPmykid rf sm;u
twnfjyKonf/ u,fwifcJh&olrsm;onf yifv,ftwGif;wGif oDwif;wpfywfMumarQmaeonf[k,lq&aMumif;?
pm;eyf&dumjywfawmufjcif;ESifhyifyef;EGrf;e,fonfha0'emrsm;cHpm;ae&aMumif;? 4if;wkdYonf rav;&Sm;EkdifiHokdY
&nf&,
G x
f u
G cf mG vmjcif;jzpfEikd af Mumif; tif'ekd ;D &Sm;tmPmykid rf sm;uajymonf/ u,fwifc&hJ olrsm;teuf 50 cefo
Y nf
touf&Sif&eftwGuf aq;kHwifumukoay;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? vlukeful;olrsm;u 4if;wkdYukdpGefYypfxm;cJhjcif;
jzpfaMumif; tif'ked ;D &Sm;tmPmykid rf sm;uajymonf/ ,aeYwiG f avSokH;pD;NyD;jzihaf &muf&v
dS maom b*FgvD 1018OD;ukd
rav;&Sm;u xdef;odrf;xm;aMumif; od&onf/
T1P(Ref: Reuters)

oufi,ftMurf;zuform;[k,q
l &oludk
MopMwD;,m;uav;w&m;kH;wGifkH;xkwf
rJvfbkef; ar 11
AkH;cGJ&efBudK;pm;rIjzifh w&m;pGJcHxm;&ol
MopMwD;,m;Ekid if o
H m; q,fausmo
f ufwpfO;D ukd
,aeYwGif uav;w&m;kH; pwifkH;xkwf
ppfaq;cJhaMumif;od&onf/
Oya'\umuG,af y;rIt& trnfxkwaf zmf
cGifhr&&Sdaom tqkdygtMurf;zuform;onf
touf 17 ESpfcefY&SdNyD; ,ckv 8 &ufwGif
rJvfbkef;NrdKUajrmufykdif; 4if;\aetdrftwGif;

&SdaepOf 0ifa&mufpD;eif;zrf;qD;jcif;cHcJh&
onf/4if;ukzd rf;qD;Ekid cf jhJ cif;aMumifh rv
J b
f ke;f
NrdKUawmfwGif AkH;aygufuGJrIokH;Budrf jzpfyGm;
rnfh tE&m,fraS &SmifvEJT ikd cf ahJ Mumif; &JwyfzUJG
uajymonf/ tzrf;cHcJh&onfh q,fausmf
ouf tMurf;zuform;onftmrcHravQmuf
xm;bJ ,ckv 26 &ufwiG f 'kw,
d tBudrf
xyfrHw&m;&ifqkdifrnfjzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
T1P(Ref: ABC)

*sD[wf*Ref wufcJhonfhausmif;

qGpfZmvefwGif aoewform;wpfOD;
vlav;OD;ukdypfowfNyD;aemuf ukd,fhukd,fukd,ftqkH;pD&if

&JwyfzGJUu0ifa&mufpD;eif;pOf/

tm*l ar 11
qGpZf mvefEikd if H tm*ljynfe,fwiG f aoewform;wpfO;D onf
vlav;OD;ukd ypfowfNyD;aemuf rdru
d ,
kd rf rd d tqk;H pD&ifypfowfchJ
aMumif; pukid ;f owif;Xmeu ,aeYazmfjyxm;onf/ aoewf
orm;onf aoqkH;olrsm;xJrStcsKdUESifhywfoufrI&dSaMumif;?
rdom;pkjyemwpfckjzpfymG ;NyD;aemuf ypfcwfrjI zpfymG ;cJjh cif;jzpf
aMumif; a'ocH&JwyfzGJUutwnfjyKonf/ aoqkH;olrsm;xJrS
ok;H OD;ukd tdrt
f jyifwiG af wG&Y NyD; ESpOf ;D ukd tdrx
f w
J iG af wG&Y aMumif;
&JwyfzGJUuajymonf/
T1P(Ref: SKY News)

10

BUSINESS

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*F g ?

bk&ifhaemifukefpnf'dkifodkYaeYpOf0ifxGufoGm;vmaeaomukefwif,mOfrsm;twGuf

,m,D&yfem;Edik rf nfaU jrae&mopfrsm;vdt


k yf

rif;vGifopf
&efukef ar 11
bk&ifhaemifukefpnf'dkifwGif
aeUpOfomG ;vmaeaom armfawmf
,mOfrsm;ESifh yGJHk? um;*dwfrsm;
wGif ukew
f ifukecf sjyKvkyv
f su&f dS
aom ukew
f if,mOfrsm; 0ifxu
G f
oGm;vmrIrsm;jym;vmaomaMumifh
,m,D,mOf&yfem;Edkirf nfh ajrae
&mrsm; vdktyfaeaMumif; jrefrm
Edik if t
H a0;ajy;ukepf nfyUkdaqmifa&;
0efaqmifrIvkyfief;&Siftoif;rS
od&onf/
bk&ifah emifuek pf nf'ikd t
f wGi;f
odkU ukefwifukefcsjyKvkyfrnfh
ukefwif,mOfrsm;tjyif tjcm;
armfawmf,mOfrsm; aeUpOf0ifxu
G f
oGm;vmrIrsm;jym;vmjcif;aMumifh
,mOfaMumydwq
f kdUrEI iS hf ,mOf&yf
em;&ef ae&mtcuftcJrsm;&Sv
d m
aMumif;? xdkUaMumifh &efukefNrdKU
tpGefuJhodkUaom ae&mrsm;wGif
,m,D,mOf&yfem;Edkifrnfh ajr
ae&mrsm; vdktyfaeaMumif;od&
onf/
]]tckcsdefrSm um;awGrsm;
vmwJt
h wGuf bk&ifah emif0if;xJ
rSm um;&yfzdkUae&mr&Sdawmhbl;
jzpfaew,f/ 'gaMumifh ouf

"mwfyHk-zdk;csKd
qdki&f mudktydki;f ESpyf kdi;f cGNJ yD; wif
jyzdkU&Sdygw,f/ yxrtydkif;u
awmh {&m0wDwdkif;bufuvm
wJu
h m;awGukd '*Hk{&mta0;ajy;
em;rSm ,m,D&yfem;Edkiaf tmifvkyf
ay;zdkU wifjyxm;ygw,f/ 'D
u@utqifajyr,fqk&d if ukef
wifum;BuD;tpD;wpf&meJU ESpf
&mavmuf ,m,D&yfem;vdkU&rSm
jzpfygw,f/ 'kwd,tydkif;u
awmh u&if? rGef? weoFm&D?
rEav;? yJcl;bufawGu um;
awG&yfem;EdkifzdkU axmufMuefU

buf r S m ajrig;{uavmuf
ae&may;zdkYtwGuf &efukefNrdKU
awmfpnfyifu aqmif&u
G af y;zdkY
&Syd gw,f}}[k jrefrmEdkiif t
H a0;
ajy;ukepf nfyUkd aqmifa&;0efaqmif
rIvkyfief;&Siftoif;Ou| OD;vS
OD;uajymonf/
xdkaY emuf ukew
f if,mOf*w
d f
vkyif ef;&Siw
f pfO;D u]]bk&ifah emif
ukepf nf'kdix
f rJ mS um;awGrusyf
zdkUtwGuf ,mOfarmif;? ,mOf
aemufvdkufawG? vrf;&Sif;wJh
0efxrf;awGtm;vHk; pnf;urf;

&SdzdkUvdkygw,f/ aemufNyD; yGJHk


awGuum;awGuvJ 'D0if;xJrmS
pnf;urf;&S&d &dS yfem;zdkUvkyd gw,f}}
[k ajymonf/
,ckvuf&w
dS iG f bk&ifah emif
ukefpnf'dkiftwGif;odkU wpfwef
,mOfrS wef60ukew
f if,mOfrsm;
tygt0if armfawmf,mOfrsKd;pHk
tpD;a& 6000cefU aeUpOf0if
xGuo
f mG ;vmvsu&f NdS yD; ukew
f if
,mOfum;*dwaf ygif; 300ausm&f dS
aMumif;od&onf/

rdk;pyg;a&Tbdkay:qef;arT;usyf12odef;aps;ausmfae
aEGpyg;vnf;aps;aumif;&vdrfUrnf[kv,form;rsm;arQmfvifU
a&mifeDwif0if;
a&Tbdk ar 11
ppfukid ;f wdki;f a'oBuD; a&Tbkd
cdkiaf 'o aEGpyg;pdkuyf sK;d xm;
Muaomv,form;rsm;u ,cif
ESpEf iS t
hf csed u
f mvwljzpfaeonfh
,cktcsdefwGif a&Tbdkay:qef;
arT;onf (rdk;pyg;) aps;ydkrdkjrifh
rm;um usyf 12 ode;f aps;ausmf
ae aEGpyg;vnf; aps;aumif;

vdrfhrnf[k ,HkMunfarQmfvifh
aeMuaMumif;od&onf/
tqdkyga&Tbkdcdkiaf 'oonf
,cifESpf 2014-2015aEGpyg;
pdkuyf sK;d rIukd {uoHk;ode;f ceft
Y xd
pdu
k yf sK;d Edik cf ahJ omfvnf;,ckEpS w
f iG f
,cifumvxuf ozef;qdyf
qnf a&odkavSmifyrmP{u
xuf0ufcefYavsmhenf; a&odk
avSmifEdkifcJhrIaMumifh pdkuf{u

wpfodef;txdom pdkufysKd;xm;
EdkifcJhaMumif;? pyg;pdkufysKd;&m
oHk;ESpfqufwdkuf rdk;acgifaerI?
<uufrsm;udkufjzwfzsufqD;rI?
tqpfykd;(jzwfykd;)rsm; usa&muf
zsufqD;rIrsm;aMumifh pyg;rsm;
xuf0ufcefY txGufavsmhenf;
oGm;aMumif;? pyg;rsm;udk wkwf
0,fvufBuD;xGm;vmrI? wkwf
aiGESifhtar&duefa':vmaiGaps;

jynfaxmifp\k tcGet
f aumuf Oya'ESiu
hf ek o
f ,
G v
f yk if ef;cGeaf jypm
trSww
f q
H yd u
f yfEydS jf cif;pDrcH suf ynmay;aqG;aEG;
oD[ukdukd(rEav;)
rEav; ar 11
b@ma&;0efBu;D Xme jynfwiG ;f
tcGefrsm;OD;pD;Xme rEav;wdki;f
a'oBuD; tcGefOD;pD;XmerSL;kH;rS
BuD;rSL; jynfaxmifpk\tcGet
f
aumufOya'ESiu
hf ek o
f ,
G v
f yk if ef;
cGefOya'udk jyifqifonfhOya'
(2015)ajypmtrSww
f q
H yd u
f yfEydS f
jcif; pDrHcsufESifhywfoufonfh
tcGeyf nmay;aqG;aEG;yGu
J kd ,ck
v 8 &ufeeH uf9em&Du rEav;
NrdKUawmfcef;rusi;f y&m rEav;

NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,me,ferd w
d f
twGi;f &Sd tcGex
f rf;jynfolrsm;?
wdki;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmf 'kw,
d
Ou|ESiv
hf w
T af wmfuk,
d pf m;vS,f
rsm;? Xmeqdki&f mwm0ef&o
dS rl sm;?
rEav;wdki;f a'oBuD; ukeo
f nf
rsm;ESifhpufrIvufrIvkyfief;&Sif
rsm;toif;Ou|ESit
hf rIaqmifrsm;?
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm; wuf
a&mufMuonf/
tcrf;tem;wGif rEav;
wdki;f a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGUJ b@m
a&;ESifhtcGef0efBuD; a'gufwm

jrifhMuLu tzGifhtrSmpum;ajym
Mum;NyD; jynfwiG ;f tcGerf sm; OD;pD;
Xme wdki;f a'oBuD;tcGeOf ;D pD;rSL;
OD;oef;aZmf0if;u 2015ckESpf
jynfaxmifpk\ tcGeftaumuf
Oya't& jy|mef;cJo
Y nh0f ifaiGceG ?f
0ifaiGcGefOya't& vpm0ifaiG
tay:rS 0ifaiGceG af y;aqmifjcif;
qdik &f modrw
S zf ,
G &f mrsm;? 2015ck
ESpf jynfaxmifp\
k tcGet
f aumuf
Oya'ESihf tjcm;tcGeftaMumif;
t&mrsm;udk ynmay;aqG;aEG;
ajymMum;onf/

jrifw
h ufvmrI?0efxrf;rsm; vpm
wdk;ay;rIwdkYaMumifh ,cifESpfESifh
tcsdefumvwljzpfaeonfh ,ck
tcsd e f w G i f ,cif E S p f u xuf
a&Tbkday:qef;arT;onf(rdk;pyg;)
aps;EIe;f jrifrh m;&jcif;jzpfEikd af Mumif;?
,cifESpfu ,cktcsdef usyf
&Spfodef;ausmf udk;odef;cefY&SdcJh&m
,ckEpS w
f iG rf l aps;ydkrkdjrifrh m;um
usyf 12odef;aps;ausmfae aEG
pyg;vnf; aps;aumif;vdrfhrnf
[kod&onf/
a&Tbdkcdkifa'o aEGpyg;
rsm;pdkufysKd;xm;Muaomfvnf;
ZGefvukef Zlvdkifvqef;a&muf
rSom aEGpyg;rsm;vIdifvIdif&dwf
odr;f Edkirf nfjzpfaMumif;?NyD;cJah om
ESpu
f aEGpyg;rsm;txGuEf eI ;f rsm;
aumif;cJhMuaomfvnf; wkwf
0,fvufr&Srd aI Mumifah EGpyg;rsm;
aps;aumif;r&&SdbJ pyg;wif;
wpf&mvQif usyo
f kH;ode;f cJaG usmf
av;ode;f cefo
Y m ta&mif;t0,f
jzpfaMumif;?,ckEpS w
f iG rf al EGpyg;
usyaf jcmufoed ;f cefEY iS hf ta&mif;
t0,fjzpfvrd rhf nf[kv,form;
rsm;ucefrY eS ;f ajymqdkaeMuonf/

t&nftaoG;udkt"duxm;xkwfvkyfrIr&Sd
a&mfbmwpfwefvQifEkdifiHwumaygufaps;xuf
a':vm300rS400Mum;aps;enf;ae
jzLoif;cdkif
&efukef ar 11
t&nftaoG;udk t"duxm;xkwfvkyfrIr&Sd jynfwGif;rS
xkwv
f kyo
f nfh a&mfbmudka&mif;cs&mwGif Edkiif w
H umaygufaps;
xuf wpfwefvQif a':vm300rS400Mum; aps;enf;&&daS Mumif;
jrefrmEkdifiHa&mfbmpdkufysKd;xkwfvkyfolrsm;toif; taxGaxG
twGif;a&;rSL;OD;ckdifjrihfuajymonf/
vuf&w
dS iG f jynfwiG ;f xkwv
f kyrf \
I 10&mcdkiEf eI ;f cefo
Y m t&nf
taoG;udk t"duxm;xkwv
f kyrf &I NdS yD; Edkiif w
H umaps;uGuw
f iG f
vnf; t&nftaoG;edru
hf saomaMumifh jynfwiG ;f xkwaf &mfbmrSm
aps;edrfh&&Sdjcif;jzpfonf/]]EdkifiHwumaygufaps;eJYjrefrmEdkifiHu
a&mif;&wJhaps;u wpfwefudka':vm 300eJY400 Mum;rSm tjrJ
enf;w,f/ tJ'gvJ t&nftaoG;raumif;vdkeY nf;wmjzpfw,f/
wpfEkdiif v
H kH;twkid ;f twmeJq
Y kd 10&mckid Ef eI ;f avmufawmh t&nf
taoG;udk t"duxm;xkww
f ,f/ wu,fwrf;aps;wef;wpfwef;
wufzkdq
Y kd 40&mcdkiEf eI ;f avmufxkw&f if aps;wpfwef;wufvm
r,f}}[k taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;OD;cdkifjrihfuajymonf/
a&mfbmxkwfvkyfrIwGif a&mfbm0,fvkdtm;tjrJjrihfwuf
vsu&f
dS jynfwiG ;f xkwaf &mfbmrsm;rSm xkwv
f kyw
f kid ;f a&mif;cs
Edkifaomfvnf; t&nftaoG;udk t"duxm;xkwfvkyfrSom
aps;EIe;f jrih&f &SEd kdirf nfjzpfonf/ ]]tefu,fwkq
dY rD mS RSS3 qdkNyD;
wyfa&mif;aewmu Ekid if w
H umt&nftaoG;eJEY idI ;f ,SO&f if RSS5
tqihaf wmifr0ifb;l / 'gaMumihf aps;ur&wm/a&mfbmu tkw?f
oJ?cJ trIu
d af wGuif;pifzkv
dY kdw,f/ cJwt
hJ cgrSmoHk;wJt
h ufppfu
vJ azmrcftufppfjzpf&r,f/ a&mfbmtjym;u 3rDvDrDwmxk
xufykdrxl&bl;/ pepfwusxkwrf ,fqkd RSS3 tqihu
f kd rDwm
aygh}}[k 4if;uqufvufajymonf/
jrefrmEdkiif rH x
S kwv
f kyaf oma&mfbmudk wkwEf kid if o
H kYd t"du
ydv
kY su&f NSd yD; 2015ckEpS x
f d {uwpfoef;cGpJ ku
d yf sK;d xm;&S&d m ypn;f
xkwv
f kyEf kid af om{u ig;ode;f &Spaf omif;cefx
Y kwv
f kyrf &I adS Mumif;?
jynfwiG ;f aps;rSm wpfaygifvQif 600 0ef;usicf ef&Y adS Mumif;ESihf
2014-2015 b@mESpw
f iG f Ekid if jH cm;wifyrkYd w
I efcsed f 70000cefU
&SdaMumif;od&onf/

&efukefpufoHk;qDaps;
Diesel (1L)
Octane(92)(1L)

Ks 670
Ks 700

Octane (95)(1L)
Premium Diesel (1L)

Ks 910
Ks 720

Max Energy rS

aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

a&Taps;EIef;
&efukef(16yJ)
1 usyfom; 700500 usyf
&efukef(15yJ)
1 usyfom; 659300 usyf
urmha&Taps;
1 atmifp 16.40 a':vm
atmiform"da&Tqikd rf S aumufco
H nf/ aps;EIe;f rsm;tcsed Ef iS hf
trQtajymif;tvJ&SdEdkifonf/
aiGvJEIef;rsm;
aiGaMu;
1 a':vm
,ldk
pifumyl

0,faps;
1109 usyf
1206 usyff
803 usyf

a&mif;aps;
1118 usyf
1224 usyf
820 usyf

CB bPfrS,aeYaps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

KNOWLEDGE 11

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

urmYtjrifhqHk;a&wHcGef

jynfhNzdK;Ekdif

urmay:wGif tjrifq
h kH;a&wHceG t
f
jzpfrw
S w
f rf;wifc&H onfrmS AifeZD v
JG m;
Edkiif &H dS tde*f s,af &wHceG jf zpfonf/ a&wH
cGeftjrifhrSm 3212 ay(979 rDwm)
&So
d nf/ a'ocHbmompum;t&tjrifh
qHk;ae&mrSa&wHcGef[kt"dym,f&onf/
tdef*s,fa&wHcGefonf ,leufpudk
tzGUJ \urm,
h Ofaus;rItarGtESpef ,fajr
tjzpfowfrw
S cf &H aom umEdkirf mtrsKd ;
om;O,smOftwGi;f wnf&NdS yD; tl&efwD
yDawmiftpGef;rS a&rsm;usqif;aejcif;
jzpfonf/ a&wHceG \
f yifrtydki;f rSmrDwm
400 cefjY rifNh yD; urmay:&Sad &wHceG rf sm;

ordkif;xJu

xJwiG f a&tqufrjywfusqif;aeonfh
a&wHcGefwpfcktjzpfvnf;owfrSwfcH&
onf/ a&wHceG o
f nf*mG *smjrpf\tpdwf
tydkif;wpf&yfjzpfonf/
'kw,
d tjrifq
h kH;a&wHceG rf mS awmif
tmz&dutrsKd ;om;O,smOftwGi;f &Sw
d *l D
vma&wHceG jf zpfonf/ a&wHceG t
f jrifrh mS
ay 3110(948rDwm)&So
d nf/ a&wHceG f
wGif tqifhig;qifhyg0ifNyD; t&SnfqHk;
tqifhrSm 411 rDwm&Sdonf/ wwd,
tjrifq
h kH;a&wHceG rf mS yD;l Ekid if aH t&mul
csKd a'owGiw
f nf&adS om nDtpfroHk;azmf
a&wHcGefjzpfonf/ a&wHcGeftjrifhrSm
ay3000(914rDwm)&SdNyD; a&wHcGefrSm
tqifo
h k;H qifjh zifzh UJG pnf;xm;jcif;aMumifh
nDtpfroHk;azmfa&wHcGef[k ac:qdkMu
jcif;jzpfonf/

f ef;q&maz(jrefrm 1200-1256)
'DaeY tcsKyw

2008 ckESpf
ar 12 &ufwGif
wkwfEdkifiH pDcRrf
jynfe,f tiftm; 8
r*eDusK&Sdivsif
vIyfcwfcJhNyD;
vl 69000
toufqHk;HI;cJhonf/
acwfopfolemjyK
ynm&yfrsm;udk
tkwfjrpfcscJhol[k
owfrSwfcH&aom
t*FvefvlrIa&;
wuf<uvIyf&Sm;ol
zavm&ifEh ku
d w
f ifa*;udk
arG;zGm;cJhonf/

(,ciftywfrt
S quf)
odkYwap q&mazonf rdrdtm;
tcsKyfcsxm;jcif;udk rauseyf
acs/
xdkUaMumihf
]]orkwdtwGuf i0ufu
'PfcH/....}} tpcsDaom aw;
xyfukda&;pyf a&Twkdu0f efrif;
rSwpfqihf rif;w&m;BuD;em;awmf
Mum; avQmufxm;onf/ ,if;
aw;xyfwGif q&maz\ twK
yww
d pfpw
d w
f pfa'oyg0ifonf/
aw;xyft"dym,frSm tdEd,
bk&ifccH sKyfonf avmuorkwd
rif;wkUd om oHk;pGt
J yfaom xD;jzL
trdk;cH bkef;ydonfhtaMumif;
a&;rdojzihf rdrd'PfcH&onf/

rdro
d nf jrif;uGe;f rif;om;ta&;
awmfyw
kH iG o
f ufpeG Uf BuKd ;yrf;aqmif
&Gucf yhJ kHukd rdro
d cifru&m rif;
om;odygonf/ ywdrf;rif;om;
ta&;wGif yvdyfaMumif; csD
wuf&Srf;jynfatmifyef;txd
trIawmfudk xrf;&GufcJhonf/
rif;w&m;BuD; '*kq
H aH wmf&iS t
f m;
xD;awmfwifyGJjyKvkyf&mvnf;
ZmwfobiftzGJUBuD;udk OD;pD;
trIawmfxrf;cJhonf/ ,if;odkY
t&S i f h o p m awmf u d k a pmih f o d
usKd;EGHpGm trIawmfxrf;cJhol\
qkvmbfrmS xdww
f k;H cwfc&H jcif;
omjzpfawmhonf[lYwnf;/
xkad w;xyfaMumihf a&Twkduf
0efrif;u q&maztm;tcsKyfrS

Ekwrf csr;f omay;vdkuo


f nf/
tcsKyfrSvTwf&atmif owd&Sd&Sd
[kwfwdkif;rSef&m a&;pyfaom
aw;xyfonf kwfcsnf;ysHUESHU
oGm;onf/ tcsKyfusae&mrS
aw;xyfwpfyk'fjzihf csrf;om&m
&oGm;ojzihf ]]tcsKyfwef;rScsr;f
om&aomq&maz}}[kac:a0:
Mu&mrS ]]tcsKyfwef;q&maz}}
jzpfvmonf[kvnf;qdkMuonf/
,if;odkY aw;xyfaMumifh tcsKyfrS
vGwaf jrmufcsr;f om&aMumif;udk
vnf;q&maz\aw;xyfwpfyk'f
wGiaf zmfjyxm;avonf/q&maz
onf,Zk e0wfreI rf if;orD;0wKukd
a&;rd&Srd ;f rum;odkUvnf; tydkcY H
&zl;avonf/

jrefrmEkid if t
H BuKd ordik ;f
ou&mZfpOf
at'D 94
at'D 2&mpk

at'D 205

at'D 3&mpk-4 &mpk


(tapmydki;f )

at'D 3 &mpk- 6&mpk

taMumif;t&m
okynmem*&qdEr if;vufxufwiG f
oa&acw&mNrdKUysuo
f kO;f oGm;onf/
[efvif;NrdKUa[mif;wl;azmf&mrS awGU
&Sd&onhf a&S;a[mif;taxmuft
xm;rsm;udk a&'D,kdumAGef 14 prf;
oyfrIt& ysLwdkUonfc&pfESpf 2
&mpkrpS [efvif;wGif tajcwus
aexdkifMuonf[kqdkEdkifonf/
zleef(urfyl;csm;)wkdYonf AdEdk;
NrdKUa[mif;udk 0ifa&mufwdkufcdkuf
zsufqD;cJhonf/
AdEdk;NrdKUa[mif;wl;azmfrI ukef;
trSwf(11)rSrD;aoG;tm; "mwfcGJ
prf;oyfcsut
f &rD;aoG;ESit
fh wlawGU
&onfh taqmufttHkonf c&pfEpS f
3&mpkEiS fh c&pfEpS f 4&mpk tapmydki;f
umvtwGi;f rD;avmifysupf ;D oGm;
cJhonf[k,lqonf/
[efvif;ysLwdo
kY nf c&pfEpS f 2&mpkrS

ou&mZfpOf

at'D 163
at'D 402

at'D 802

at'D 807
at'D 835
at'D 1057
at'D 1130

ausmMf um;olwpYkd um;

q&mazonf rdcif\rsKd;dk;
bufukd ET,o
f nfjzpf i,fpOf
uyif obifynmudk 0goemyg
onf/ obifynmonfrsm;ESihf
&if;ESD;pGm qufqHaw;xyf?
av;csKd;? vGrf;csif;ponfrsm;?
obifESihfqdkifaom qdkif;qihf
ywfwdkuf? idkcsif;ponfrsm;udk
a&;pyfay;avh&o
dS nf/ xdkUaMumihf
obif o nf r sm;u ol U tm;
]]q&m}} trnfwyfum ac:
a0:cJhMujcif;jzpfonf/xkdYjyif
txufwGifazmfjycJhaom aw;
xyft"dym ,ft&xdkpOfuukvm;
jzLydkifjzpfaom &efukefNrdKUwGif
rif;wke;f rif;w&m;BuD; xD;awmf
wifonhfyGJawmf 1233 ckESpf
twGufZmwftzGJUudktkyfpD;cJhav
onf/
ru&mrif;om;onf tNidrfh
ZmwfyGJrsm;udk 0goemygonfh

tcsdefawGu uRefawmfwkdYudk
ausmfjzwfoGm;w,f/
'gayr,fh olY&JUyHk&dyfawGudkawmh
csefxm;cJhw,f/

eoefeD&,fa[mfokef;
tar&duefpma&;q&m
tavsmufq&mazESifh qufo,
G f
rd&m 1226ckESpfcefYrSp q&m
azonf ru&mrif;om;xHwGif
trIawmfxrf;cJhonf/ wpfcg
aomf wy,frif;om;onf OD;
ykntm; pmwpfyk'fa&;ckdif;
r&onfEiS q
fh &maztm; ajrmuf
pm;avonf/ OD;ykntoa&
ndK;atmif pmrsm;csKd;aponf/
,if;odkYjzihf]]pavPf awmyg;pyf
...}}tp&Sdaom aw;xyfrsm;
a&;pyfpmcsK;d cJ&h m OD;yknuvnf;
tnhHrcHbJ]]cg;awmif;usKduf
ydwke;f ydwfu,fEiS fh? usK;H xdyu
f
iaz/ uke;f Nydwmwapvkd? to
a&[dwfEGrf;/....}} ponfjzihf
jyefvnfpmcsK;d cJo
h nf/ q&maz
onftom;rJvufjyifuke;f NyD;
vQifykysyfysyfjzpfavonf/
(qufvufazmfjyygrnf)

*if;eufpfpHcsdefrSwfwrf; .....

taMumif;t&m
pwifNrdKUjywnfaxmifc&hJ mc&pfEpS f
3&mpkEiS 6fh &mpktMum;wGif [efvif;
NrdKUonf pnfyifzGHUNzdK;aecJhonf/
oa&acw&mudk tkyfcsKyfaeaom
t'dws0dMurrif; ewfjynfpHonf/
Ak'a Cmorax&fonf oD[kdVrf S yd
#uwfusr;f pmrsm;ESit
hf |uxmusr;f
rsm;udk oxHkNrdKUokdyY ifah qmifco
hJ nf/
ysLEkid if rH *S w
D tzGUJ onfwkw{f u&mZf
w,fusKef;\a&SUarSmufwiG o
f Dqku
d
jyonf/
ysLEkid if rH o
S t
H zGUJ wpfzUJGonfwkwEf ikd if H
cset
f ef;NrKd Uo'Ykd w
k ,
d tBurd af &mufonf/
eefapm^eefacsmifwkdYwkduf ysLNrdKU
wpfNrdKUysufonf/
taemf&xmrif;onf oxHkudkwkduf
cdkufodrf;,lonf/
oxHk(ok"r0wD)NrdKUwGif rif;quf
jywf ysufokOf;oGm;onf/

touftBu;D qH;k av,mOfrLS ;

NG

av,mOfudk udk,fwkdifarmif;ESifysHoef;rIjyKvkyfcJhaom
touftBuD;qHk;av,mOfrLS ;tjzpf *if;eufprf w
S w
f rf;pmtkyf
wGif xnfhoGif;cH&olrSm tar&duefEkdifiHom;wpfOD;jzpfol
yDwm0Dbm*sLeD,mjzpfonf/
yDwm0Dbm*sLeD,monf ,ckEpS f rwf 30 &ufwiG f av
,mOfarmif;ESifjyNyD; touftBuD;qHk;av,mOfarmif;ESifol
tjzpfpHcsdefwifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ av,mOfarmif;ESifcsdefwGif
yDwm0Dbm*sLeD,monf touf 95 ESpfESifh 143 &uf&SdNyD
jzpfonf/ 1943 ckESpfwGif avaMumif;ysHoef;a&;t&m&Sd
pjzpfvmNyD; tar&duefavwyfwiG f 'kw,
d Adkvrf LS ;BuD;&mxl;
txd wm0efxrf;aqmifcJholjzpfonf/ 1970 jynfhESpfwGif
&mxl;rS tem;,lchaJ omfvnf; av,mOfrSL;tjzpf qufvuf
wm0efxrf;aqmifcJholjzpfonf/

12

OPINION

tvS
b0ukd,fpD
tvSukd,fpD
qEukd,fpD/

OPINION 13

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

ukd,fhb0ESifh
ukd,fhqEu
trsm;twGufygrS
wu,fhtvS/

qExJrS
vkyfEkdifwmu]p}
'grSwu,fhtvS/

t,f'DwmUtmabmf
jrefrm-wkwfESpfEkdifiHcspfMunf&if;ESD;rIESifU
yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI qufvufwkd;jrifUoGm;rnf
jynfaxmifpkvw
T af wmfem,u jynfoUl vw
T af wmfOu| jynfaxmifpkMuHch kid f
a&;ESizhf HUG NzdK;a&;ygwDOu| ol&OD;a&Tref;onf NyD;cJo
h nf{h NyDvaESmif;ydki;f ESihf ,ck
arvqef;wkdUwGif wkwfjynfolUorwEkdifiHESifh tar&duefjynfaxmifpkwkdUokdU
cspfMunfa&;c&D; a&SUqifhaemufqifh qufwkdufoGm;a&mufcJhonf/
wkwjf ynfoUl orwEkid if o
H kUd oGm;a&mufco
hJ nfch &D;pOfrmS ESpEf kid if yH gwDEpS &f yf
cspMf unfa&;ESiyhf l;aygif;aqmif&u
G fa&;tpDtpOft& wkwu
f eG jf rLepfygwDacgif;
aqmifrsm;\ zdwMf um;csut
f &jzpfNyD; tar&duefjynfaxmifpkc&D;pOfrmS tar&duef
EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;*Refu,f&DESifhatmufvTwfawmfOu| *RefbkdemwkdU\zdwfMum;
csuft&oGm;a&mufcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
,ck 2015 ckEpS o
f nf jrefrmEkid if H 'kw,
d tBudraf jrmuf ygwDpkt
H axGaxG
a&G;aumufyu
JG si;f yrnft
h csed u
f mvjzpf&m xkt
d a&;BuD;umvtwGi;f jrefrmEkid if \
H
rdwaf qGtiftm;BuD;Ekid if BH uD;ESpcf ku ,ckuo
hJ Ukd tEkid &f ygwDOu| Oya'jyKa&;r@dKif
tBuD;tuJukd txlwvnfzw
d rf EujyKcJMh ujcif;onf Ekid if aH &;t&a&m Ekid if w
H um
qufqaH &;t&yg ta&;ygt&ma&mufaom taMumif;csi;f &mrsm;tay:tajccHae
onf[k EkdifiHa&;avhvmokH;oyfolrsm;u tuJcwfcJhMuonf/
wkwjf ynfc&D;pOfEiS phf yfvsO;f ol&OD;a&Tref;ESit
hf zGUJ tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
okUd a&muf&adS epOf RFA owif;Xmeu]]rMumao;cifu Ou|BuD;wkwEf kdiif u
H kd
oGm;cJw
h ,fayghav/ wkwo
f rwMuD;eJv
Y aJ wGUqkcH w
hJ ,f/ tJ'Y t
D xJrmS t"dutm;jzifh
jrefrmjynfolawGtwGuf Ou|BuD;eJYwkwforwBuD; bmawGrsm;ajymqdkcJhwm
&SdygovJ}}ar;jref;cJhonf/
ol&OD;a&Tref;u]]&Syd gw,f/ 'gubmvJqkad wmh jrefrmEdkiif eH YJ wkwEf kid if [
H m
tdref ;D em;csi;f rdwaf qGEkid if aH umif;rsm;jzpfMuw,f/ 'gaMumift
h rd ef ;D em;csi;f rdwaf qG
aumif;rsm;[m qufvufNyD;awmh jrefrm-wkwEf pS Ef kdiif cH spcf if&if;ES;D rI? yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G rf rI sm; qufvufwk;d jriahf qmif&u
G o
f mG ;zdv
kY kw
d ,f/ rdrw
d kUd vufxufrmS om
r[kwb
f J aemifom;pOfajr;qufrsm;twGuf aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;zdkUvkdw,f/ tJt
h wGuf
ESpEf kdiif H acgif;aqmifrsm;eJY jynforl sm;tm;vHk;aqmif&u
G zf kdUvkdw,fqkdwhJ wpfcsu?f
aemuf wpfcku rdrw
d kjdY refrmEdkiif [
H m ygwDpkH'rD kdua&pDeaYJ ps;uGupf ;D yGm;a&;pepfukd
usio
Yf kH;wmudk wkwjf ynfoUl orwEdkiif u
H axmufcw
H ,f/ BudKqdkw,f/ 'ghtjyif
jrefrmEdkifiHeJU wkwfjynfolYorwEdkifiH[m Nidrf;csrf;pGmtwl ,SOfwGJaexdkifa&;
rlBuD;(5)csut
f ay: tajccHaqmif&u
G w
f ,f/ tJ'h eD nf;wlyJ befa'gif;uGezf &ifu
h
csrw
S x
f m;wJt
h csu(f 21)csuu
f kd vdkuef musio
hf k;H oGm;zdv
kY kw
d ,fqkw
d mudkvJ aqG;aEG;
qHk;jzwfcJhMuygw,f}}[k&Sif;vif;ajzMum;cJhonf/
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u jynfolUvTwfawmfOu|ol&OD;a&Tref;onf
wkwjf ynfoUl orwEdkiif o
H rwrpwm&Su
D sizhf siEf iS fh {NyD 28 &ufayusi;f awGUqkH
pOf aumif;rGeaf omqufqaH &;&Srd o
S m ESpEf ikd if zH UGH NzdK;wdk;wufa&;? wnfNidraf t;csr;f
a&;tygt0if e,fpyfa'oNidr;f csr;f a&;udp& yfrsm;udk aqmif&u
G Ef ikd rf mS jzpfaMumif;?
wkwEf kdiif o
H nf jrefrmEkid if \
H tdref ;D csi;f aumif; Edkiif jH zpfaMumif;? wkwEf kid if EH iS fh
jrefrmEdkiif o
H nf pD;yGm;a&;yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf rI sm;? &if;ES;D jrKyfErHS rI sm;? enf;ynm
zvS,rf rI sm;? ukeo
f ,
G rf w
I k;d jrirfh rI sm;tjyif ESpEf kid if H tcsi;f csi;f ,Ofaus;rIzvS,rf I
rsm;&Scd MhJ uaMumif;? ,aeYwkwjf ynfoUl orwEdkiif \
H jidr;f csr;f pGmzGUH jzdK;wdk;wufa&;
twGuf csrw
S x
f m;onfrh 0l g'rsm;onfaumif;rGe
f vufawGUusaMumif;? wkwf
EdkifiHonf tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;\jynfwGif;a&;udk 0ifa&mufrpGufzufaomrl0g'ESihf
jrefrmEdkiif \
H tcsKyftjcmtmPm? e,fajrwnfwchH kdiNf rJa&;udk av;pm;vufcx
H m;
onfukd rdrw
d kdUo&d x
dS m;aMumif;? rdrw
d kjdY refrm Ekid if EH iS u
fh kdun
f aD omEkid if aH &;pepfukd
em;vnfvufcHtm;ay;ojzifh 0rf;ajrmufrdaMumif;jzihfajymMum;cJhNyD; wkwf
orwu wkw-f jrefrmESpEf kid if \
H aumif;rGeaf omqufqaH &;onf a&S;tqufquf
Ekid if ahH cgif;aqmifrsm;u *kwpdkuaf qmif&u
G cf o
hJ nhf qufqaH &;jzpfonft
h wGuf
rdrw
d kUd rsK;d qufopfrsm;taejzihf aumif;rGeo
f nft
h arGtESprf sm;udk qufczH v
kYd kad Mumif;?
Nidrf;csrf;pGmtwl,SOfwJGaexdkifa&;rlBuD;ig;&yfESihfbefa'gif;nDvmcHrS csrSwfaom
rl(10)csurf mS aumif;rGeo
f nft
h pOftvmrsm;jzpfonft
h wGuf qufvuftaumif
txnfazmf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? wkwjf ynftaejzihf jrefrmEkid if \
H tcsKyftjcmtmPm
wnfwchH kdiNf rJa&;? e,fajrwnfwchH kdiNf rJa&;ESifh Nidr;f csr;f a&;jzpfpOfrsm;udk axmufcH
aMumif;? jrefrmEdkiif EH iS w
fh kwEf kid if H twlwuGzUHG NzdK;wdk;wufa&;twGuf yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufoGm;&efqE&Sdonf[kajymMum;cJhaMumif; a&;om;vkduf&ygonf/

rdwfaumif; aqGaumif;? 0ef;usifaumif;jzifh...


pdr;f Edik f
(u)
]ay;urf;cs;D jri?hf udk,Ef iS ,
hf OS x
f m;?
pD;yGm;aqmif&u
G ?f EIw>f rufcsKo
d m? opm
rS e f a p? 0wf i g;axG ? usif h a vrd w f
o[m}
(1) rdwfaqGtcsif;csif; ulnDay;
urf;axmufyHh&rnf/
(2) csKcd sKo
d mom,Of,Ofaus;aus;
qufqH&rnf/
(3) rdwfaqG\vkyfief;udpwdkYudk
ulnDaqmif&Guf&rnf/
(4) rdrEd iS w
hf pfwef;pm;wnf;xm;
av;av;pm;pm;qufqH&rnf/
(5) tcsif;csif;ulnDrnf[k uwd
ay;xm;vQif uwday;xm;onft
h wdki;f
ulnDaqmif&Guf&rnf/
uRefawmfwdkY\ aus;Zl;&SifAk'jrwf
pGmbk&m;u rdwaf qGtcsi;f csi;f vdkuef m
&rnfh rdwfaqGusifh0wfudk txufyg
twkdif; a[mMum;vrf;nTefawmfrlyg
onf/
odkYrSom rdwfaqGwm0efausyGef
rdwfaumif;aqGaumif; yDoygrnf/
ef arvkH;ydwf&uf
oBuFef umvtvG
wpfnae rke[
fY if;cg;pm;csipf w
d f
ay:vm aps;vrf;axmih&f dS rke[
fY if;cg;qdkio
f kdY
oGm; rkeYf[if;cg;pm;rdonf/ pm;NyD; tdwf
uyfxJrSaiG usyf 300 xkwfay;csdefwGif aps;
onfaumifrav;ESihf pma&;oltjyeftvSef
pum;ajym&onf/ aps;onfaumifrav;u
pma&;olay;vdkuaf om ydkuq
f u
H kad &&if; ]]100
vdkao;w,f}}[kajym&m pma&;olu ]]tvGwf
av?taMumfrygbl;}}[k jyefajymvdkufonf/
aps;onfrav;u wpfzefjyef ]][kwfw,f?
tvGwf 400 av? taMumfeJYqdk 500}}[k
ajym\/ pma&;ol oabmaygufoGm;onf/
xdkYaMumihf ]]at;at; aqm&D;yJ}}[k ajym&if;
100 wefwpf&u
G x
f yfay;vdku\
f / xdkaps;qdkif
a&mufaeaom vlrsm;\rsufvkH;aygif;rsm;pGm
u pma&;olxHa&mufaeonfudk owdxm;rd
onf/ olwdkYtawG;ESihfolwdkYwpfawG xifcsif
&mxifaeMuvdrrfh nf/ xdkqkdirf S tdrt
f jyefvrf;
wGif ukefaps;EIef;rsm;taMumif;u tawG;xJ
awmufavQmufygvmcJhawmhonf/
]]vpmwdk;&if ukeaf ps;EIe;f wufr,f? ukef
aps;EIe;f awGwufaeNyD}}ponfjzihMf um;ae&onhf
t&yfxJrSajympum;rsm;? aeYpOfxkwfowif;
pmrsm;?tywfpOfxkw*f sme,frsm;wGizf wfaI e&
onho
f wif;rsm;udk owdrxm;rdbJ owdvuf
vGwfjzpfoGm;&jcif;jzpfonf/ rdwfaqGjzpfol
wpfa,mufudk xdktaMumif;ajymjyaomtcg
]]vufawGUaps;uGufawGeJY tqufjywfaewJh
pD;yGm;a&;q&mBuD; A[kokw wdk;oGm;wmaygh}}
[k &,fusJusJjzihfjyefajymonf/ trSefwGif
pma&;olonftajccHpm;ukefaps;uGufrsm;ESihf
rsufjcnfjywfcJhonfr[kwf/ oBuFefydwf&uf
pwifuwnf;u aps;xJra&mufonfu wpf
aMumif;? rke[
fY if;cg;0,frpm;rdonfrmS ESpyf wf
ok;H ywfMumcJo
h nfuwpfaMumif; kww
f &uf

uRefawmfwkdY\ vlraI &;? pD;yGm;a&;


jzpfxGef;atmifjrif&ef ywf0ef;usif
aumif;&dSzdkYvdktyfouJhodkY rdwfaumif;
aqGaumif;&dSzdkY ta&;BuD;onfyif.../
0ef;usifaumif;? rdwfaumif; aqG
aumif;&do
S jzifh uRefawmfwv
kYd rl aI &;? pD;
yGm;a&; acsmarGUvG,fulatmifjrifjcif;
&v'faumif; jzpfxGef;&&dSrnf/
uRefawmfwdkYtwGuf rdwfaumif;
aqGaumif; vdktyfonfhenf;wl uRef
awmfwdkYudk,fwkdifuvnf; rdwfaumif;
aqGaumif; yDoatmif qufqv
H kyu
f kdif
wwf&ygrnf/
tcsif;csif; ulnDdkif;yif;vufwGJ
aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh atmifjrifMurnf/
(c)
uRefawmfwdkY onf ywf0ef;usif
tokid ;f t0dki;f ESiu
hf if; &yfwnfr&Edkif
yg/ udpBuD;i,ftoG,foG,ftm;vHk;
tqifajyacsmarGUap&ef ywf0ef;usiEf iS hf
o[Zmwjzpf&ygrnf/ qufqHaexkdif
wwfzdkYvdkonf/
odkY o[Zmwjzpfatmif qufqH

aps;wGufjzihf
ukeaf ps;EIe;f udq
k cJG sMunhjf cif;
trIrt
hJ rSwrf jhJ zpfomG ;jcif;omjzpfonf/ odakY omf
tajccHpm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm; [dkwpfp?
'Dwpfp wjznf;jznf;ESihf enf;enf;csif;jrihf
wufvmaeonfukd NyD;cJo
h nhf ESp&f ufavmuf
uwnf;u rkeYfjym;ovufaps;onfBuD;xHrS
owif;tpteod&SdcJhNyD;jzpfonf/
]]taru wpf&ufwpfjynfcGJavmufvkyf
w,f/ 'D&ufawG odyfa&mif;raumif;bl;/
rkeBfY udwcf uawmh wpfjynf 300 uae rwuf
ao;bl;/ aemufawmh rajymwwfbl;? wuf
r,fxifwmyJ/ ypnf;awGuawmh [dk[menf;
enf;?'D[menf;enf;wufaewmyJ/ qefuvJ
qefMurf;awG/ r*srf;awmwdkY? ZD,mwdkY tukef
wufw,f/tck'rD kev
fY kyzf ZkYd ,
D mt&ifuwpfjynf
udk 900? 950 u ,ck 1000 ausmfoGm;NyD/
xef;vsufuvnf; t&if tpdwfom; 300?
350 uae ,ck 400 jzpfaeNyD/ rD;aoG;vJ
wpftdwf 2500 uae 3000 jzpfoGm;NyD}}[k
rkeYfonfta':BuD;rD;zdkay:tdk;rsm;xJodkYrkeYf&nf
rsm;xnhf&if;ajymjyonhfaps;EIef;rsm;taMumif;
owd&onf/ wpfywfwpfcgoGm;aeus aps;
av;xJ&Sd cifcifrifrif&SdvSaom vufvDukefpkH
qdkirf S aps;onf OD;av;BuD;\xifjrif,q
l csuf

apmEkdif(tokH;csabm*aA')
jzpfonhf ]]ypn;f awGtukeef ;D yg; enf;enf;pD
awmhwufaewmyJ}}[laomtoHukdvnf; jyef
Mum;aerdonf/
ESppf OfEpS w
f kdi;f tajccHpm;aomufukeyf pn;f
rsm;\aps;EIkef;rsm;oMuFefumveD;csdefwGif aps;
tenf;i,fwufavh&SdNyD;oBuFeftcsdefNyD;ygu
jyefvnfuswwfonfrSm tpOftvmjzpfae
onfrmS MumNyD/ odakY omf ,cktcsed w
f iG f xdktajc
taersdK;r[kwf/ oBuFefumvNyD; arvxJ
yifa&muf&SdaeNyD/ ukefaps;EIef;rsm; (txl;
ojziht
f ajccHpm;aomufuke?f toD;tES?H [if;oD;
[if;&Gu?f ukeaf jcmuf?om;ig;ponfjzih)f tm;vk;H

eD;yg;twufbufokYd OD;wnfvsu&f o
dS nf/ 'Dcsed f
'Dumv rnfonhftaMumif;aMumihf aps;EIef;
rsm; wufvmaeoenf;/ rajy;aomfuef&m
&SdqdkouJodkY 0efxrf;rsm; vpmwdk;jrihfrIudkom
taMumif;jy? vufnKd ;xdk;MurnfrmS rvG/J aps;
onfrsm;(a&mif;olrsm;)buftwGuf aps;wuf
&onht
f aMumif;ajymp&m&Sv
d kadY eonf/ odkaY omf
qifjcifpOf;pm;? awG;qMunhfu obm0odyf
rus? aps;uGupf epfwiG f 0,fvkdtm;? a&mif;vdk
tm;tenf;trsm;ay:rlwnfaps;EIef;twuf
tusjzpfMu\/ ,ck0,fvdktm; odkYr[kwf
a&mif;vdktm; wdk;vmavm/ ,ckaps;EIef;
(tajccHukepf nfrsm;\aps;EIe;f rsm;) wufonf
rSm a&mif;vdktm; rajymif;vJaom tajctae
wGi0f ,fvkdtm;wdk;vmaomaMumihaf vm/0,fvkd

EdkifiHUvlOD;a&\ 2 &mcdkifEIef;cefh&Sd 0efxrf;OD;a&tenf;i,fudk


vpmwdk;ay;vdkufonfESifU oufa&mufrItajctaersm;udk
wdwdususavUvmpl;prf;jcif;r&Sdao;bJ . . .

aexdkiEf kdiaf &;twGuf ]pum;ajymenf;}


u t"dujzpfygonf/
uRefawmfwkd\
Y aus;Zl;&Sif Ak'j rwf
pGmbk&m;u pum;ajymenf;udkatmufyg
twkdif; a[mMum;vrf;nTefawmfrlyg
onf/
(1) tcsdeftcgudkMunfh ajymqdk
&rnf/
(2) rSeaf ompum;udkajymqdk&rnf/
(3) csKdcsKdomom ajymqdk&rnf/
(4) tusK;d &Sad ompum;udk ajymqdk&
rnf/
(5) arwmxm; ajymqdk&rnf/
vlrIqufqHa&; atmifjrifBuD;yGm;
wdk;wufrjI ref&ef uRefawmfwkdb
Y k&m;&Sif
\ pum;ajymenf;udk vdkufemusifhokH;
Mu&rnf/
(*)
jynfaxmifpkaeYpOf twGJ 3? trSwf
17 (27-4-2015)&ufaeYxkwf pm 2
wGif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u
ol&OD;a&Tref; uGrw
f kefjynfe,f uGefjrL
epfygwDtwGif;a&;rSL; rpwm[lcsef0Sm
ESifhawGUqkHjcif; owif;yg&Sdonf/
,refaeYn 6 em&D 15 rdepfwGif
uGrfusKd;NrdKU&Sd jynfe,ftpdk;&tdrfawmf
{nfhcef;r awGUqkHaqG;aEG;onf/
tqdkygawGUqkHaqG;aEG;yGJodkY jynf
axmifpkvw
T af wmfem,uESit
hf wl jynf
olYvTwfawmfaumfrwDOu|rsm;jzpfMu

tm;rajymif;vJaomtajctaewGif a&mif;
vdktm; usqif;vmaomaMumihfavm/ (tpdk;&
0efxrf;rsm;) vpmwdk;jcif;aMumihf ,cifuxuf
ydkrdkaomyrmPudkrnfolrQ0,f,lpm;okH;rnf
r[kw/f odakY omfEkid if v
hH Ol ;D a&\ 2 &mcdkiEf eI ;f ceY&f dS
0efxrf;OD;a&tenf;i,fudk vpmwdk;ay;vdkuf
onfESihf oufa&mufrSktajctaersm;udk wdwd
usus avhvmpl;prf;jcif;r&Sdao;bJ aiGaMu;
yrmPrsm;wdk;vmEdkio
f jzihf aps;EIe;f wufrnf
qdkonft
h ajctaeudk xifaMu;jzihf qdkaeMujcif;
jzpfonf/ xdkYaMumihf vwfwavmtajctae
wGif aps;EIef;rsm;wufaejcif;rSm 0efxrf;rsm;
vpmwdk;jcif;aMumihf[k tvG,fwulvufndK;
xdk;aeMujcif;? ajymqdkaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
,ckaps;EIe;f rsm;jrihw
f ufaejcif;onf pD;yGm;
a&;taqmufttkHxJ&Sd ukefpnfrsm;tm;vkH;\
aps;EIef;rsm;jrihfwufonhf tajctaer[kwf?
wpfenf;tm;jzihf taxGaxGukefaps;EIef;rsm;
xyfrjH rihw
f ufvmaeonfr[kw?f aps;wufae
onhf ukeyf pn;f rsm;ESifyh wfouf tm;vk;H udk
a0zefok;H oyfrjI yKygu olt
Y aMumif;ESifh ol&
dS
vdk&if;ra&mufrnfpdk;rajymawmh/ odkYaomf
aeYpOfEiS t
fh rQ tm;vk;H teD;uyf&ifqkdiaf e&onhf
tajccHpm;aomufukeEf iS fh vlo;kH ukerf sm;\ aps;
EIef;rsm;jrihfwufjcif;uawmh ajymp&m&Sdonf/
rjzpfraeok;H pGaJ e&aompm; aomufuke?f vlok;H
ukefrsm;? txl;ojzihf qef? qD? qm;? ikwf?
MuufoeG ?f [if;oD;[if;&Gu?f rkeyfY o
J a&pmrsm;
onfp;D yGm;a&;bmom&yft&ajym&vQif aps;EIe;f
tavsmhtwif;enf;aom ukefpnfrsm;jzpfMu
onf/ wpfenf;qdkaomf aps;EIe;f jrihw
f ufraI y:
rlwnf0,f,rl aI vsmh enf;wwfonhf ukepf nf
rsm;r[kw/f qefqkad om ukepf nfqkv
d Qif aps;EIe;f
rnfrSyifwufapumrl rjzpfrae0,f,l&rnhf
tajccHukepf nfjzpfonf/qefMurf;rSpay:qef;
pm 22 okdY

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

tcsdeftcgudkMunfh ajymqdk&rnf/
rSefaompum;udkajymqdk&rnf/
csKdcsKdomomajymqdk&rnf/
tusKd;&Sdaompum;udkajymqdk&rnf/
arwmxm;ajymqdk&rnf/

aomOD;pdk;om? ol&OD;at;jrifh? OD;odef;


aZmfEiS Ohf ;D wDceG jf rwf? jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
udk,fpm;vS,fOD;jrifhvGif? jrefrmaumif
ppf0efcsKyfOD;jrifhxGef;ESifh jynfolYvTwf
awmfkH;rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm; wufa&muf
Muonf/
xdkokdYawGUqk&H mwGif wkw-f jrefrm
ESpfEdkifiH EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;ESifh enf;
ynmzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;qkdif&m udp&yf
rsm;udk &if;ESD;yGifhvif;pGm aqG;aEG;cJhMu
onf/
awGUqkHyGJtNyD;wGif jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfem,uOD;aqmifonfh jrefrmh
vTwfawmf cspfMunfa&;udk,fpm;vS,f
tzGUJ ukd uGrw
f kejf ynfe,f uGejf rLepfygwD
twGi;f a&;rSL;rpwm[lcse0f mS u *kPjf yK
npmpm;yGJjzifh wnfcif;{nfhcHonf/
xdkaeY jynfaxmifpkaeYpOfrSmyif
]t,f'w
D mhtmabmf}tqkH;owfukd...

]21&mpk yifv,fa&aMumif;ykd;
vrf;rBuD; wnfaqmufa&;twGuf
wkwEf kdiif ?H jrefrmEdkiif EH iS hf tmqD,w
H kdY
eD;uyfpmG yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G rf u
I kd BudKqdk
aMumif;a&;om;vdku&f ygonf}[kzwfI
&onf/
(C)
uRefawmfwrkYd o
d m;pkwpfpkru
S Refawmf
wdEkY kid if w
H pfckv;kH rdwaf umif;aqGaumif;?
0ef;usifaumif;&SdzdkY vdkonf/ &zdkYvdk
onf/
rdwfaumif;aqGaumif;? 0ef;usif
aumif; &Szd k?dY &zdkY vdktyfonfeh nf;wl...
uRefawmfwdkYudk,fwkdifuvnf; rdwf
aumif;aqGaumif;? 0ef;usiaf umif;yDo
atmif qufqHvkyfudkif BudK;pm;Mu&
rnf/
tcsif;csif;ulnDdkif;yif; vufwGJ
aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh atmifjrifMurnf/

C A R T O O N

14

??

CULTURE

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg?

rauG;wdki;f a'oBuD; o&ufcdkif rif;vSNrdKUordki;f 0ifrif;vScw


H yftaqmufttHkukd a&&Snw
f nfwahH pa&;twGuf wdki;f a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGUJ \ BuD;Muyfvrf;Tepf rD rH jI zifh {&m0wDjrpfa&wdkupf m;jcif;rS
umuG,fxdef;odrf;jcif;? cHwyfBuD;a&S;rlrysuftpOfwnf&SdEdkif&efaqmif&GufrIrsm;aMumifh wdkif;a'oBuD;\*kPfaqmifum rif;vSNrdKU&JUusufoa&aqmiftjzpfwnf&Sdaeayonf/
rif;vScw
H yfBuD;onfajray:cHwyf
trsKd ;tpm;jzpfNyD; rif;wke;f rif;w&m;
BuD;ESit
hf rd af &SUpu
H aemifrif;wdkUu 1223
ckESpfwGif wnfaqmufcJhNyD; atmif
aMumif;MuHpnfcw
H yfonf[k tqdk&cdS YJ
onf/ tqdkygcHwyfBuD;udk tDwvD
vlrsKd ;uGerf dkwkd? jyifopfvlrsK;d rdkveD m&D
ESiEhf kid if jH cm;jyef jrefrmppfbuf tif*sif
eD,mvli,frsm;uwnfaqmufcJhMu
NyD; (,cifaiGaMu;) jrefrma'gif;'*Fg;
70000 ausmf ukefuscJYaMumif; od&
onf/
rif;vScw
H yfBu;D rSmpwk*yH t
kH aqmuf
ttHkjzpfNyD;tjyifbufqkH;wGif tkwef &H H
wpfcu
k kd pwk*yH w
Hk nfaqmufxm;onf/
twGi;f bufe&H u
H kdvnf; pwk*yH kHwnf
aqmufxm;NyD; tjyif tw
k ef &H EH iS t
hf wGi;f
tkwfeH&Hrsm;tMum;wGif ajrom;jznfh
aqmif&Gufxm;onf/ tkwfeH&HESpfck
tMum;ajrom;rsm;ywfvnfzNkYd yD; ta&SU
bufESifhtaemufbuf (jrpfbufESifh
vrf;buf)wdkYwGif A[dk0ifaygufrsm;
xm;&Sdonf/ cHwyftjyifbufqHk;eH&H
rsm;\ twdkif;twmrSmtvsm; 173
ay7vufr? teH 131ay 4 vufr?
tjrifh 25ay9vufrjzpfonf/twGi;f
eH&yH wfvnfwiG f tcef;rsm;zGUJ pnf;xm;
NyD; tv,fwGifuGufvyfxm;&Sdonf/
tv,fuu
G v
f yfrS ajrom;jznfch w
H yf
ay:odw
kY uf&efawmifEiS ahf jrmufww
kYd iG f
wufqif;avSum;ESpcf pk x
D nfo
h iG ;f wnf
aqmufxm;NyD;cHwyf\taemufbuf
A[dk0ifayguf0-J ,mwGif avQmapmuf
twuftqif;rsm;jyKvkyfxm;onf/
tav;0efrsm;aom tajrmufrsm;tm;
qGw
J if&ef rlvu&xm;oHvrf;ygxnfh
oGif;wnfaqmufxm;aMumif; od&
onf/
tkwrf sm;jzifh pepfwuswnfaqmuf
jcif;aygif;ul;(Arch)rsm;udk pepfwus
tkwpf x
D m;jcif;?avSum;rsm;udkvkyif ef;
vdktyfcsut
f vdkupf epfwusppD Ofxnfh
oGi;f wnfaqmufjcif;?&efot
l m;wdkuf
cdkuaf csreI ;f &mwGif tm;omcsurf sm;pGm
xnfo
h iG ;f aqmif&u
G x
f m;jcif;jzpfaMumif;

ordkif;0ifrif;vScHwyf

a&S;rlrysufxdef;odrf;aqmif&Guf
oef;EdkifOD;

avhvmawG&Y &dS onf/ rif;vScw


H yfonf
jrefrmwdk\
Y Zmwdrmef?enf;ynmtqifh
twef;?rsK;d csppf w
d "f mwfwt
kYd wGuf xif
&Sm;qHk;aomjy,k*fwpfcktjzpf ,aeY
xufwikd af &S;rlrysux
f ed ;f odr;f aqmif&u
G f
xm;&SdrIudkawGYjrifEdkifygonf/
ordik ;f 0ifrif;vScw
H yf taqmufttHk
BuD;a&&Snw
f nfwahH p&ef wdki;f a'oBuD;
0efBuD;csKyf\pDrv
H rf;Terf jI zifh {&m0wD
jrpfa&wdkupf m;jcif;xde;f odr;f umuG,f
&ef wku
d f ku
d u
f muG,rf v
I kyif ef;ESio
hf ,
G f
0dkufumuG,frIvkyfief;ESpfrsKd;jzifh a&
t&if;tjrpfEiS hf jrpfacsmif;rsm;zGHNY zdK;wdk;
wufa&;OD;pD;XmerSwm0ef,al qmif&u
G f
cJ&h m wdkuf kduu
f muG,rf v
I kyif ef;tjzpf

tvsm;ay100? avQmapmuftvsm;65
ay&SdausmufpDeH&H Revetme wpfckudk
cHwyfUp Steam wGiw
f nfaqmufxm;
onf/ Revetment \tay:ydkif;udk
tvsm;ay 100?tjrifh 7 ay&Sd opfrm
om;ydkifwdkiftajcjyK ajrxdef;eH&Hwnf
aqmufxm;NyD; ajrxde;f eH&cH kdijf rJapa&;
taemufbufwGiA
f nchor Block rsm;
xnhfoGif; wnfaqmufxm;onf/
avQmapmufykid ;f umuG,rf t
I jzpf 1
ay 6 vufr txl&daS usmufom;pDe&H H
udk ausmufpDwmdk;rsm;tuGufcsyHkpH
twGif;xnfhoGif;wnfaqmufxm;NyD;
atmufajcydki;f umuG,rf t
I jzpf wpfqifh
edrahf vQmapmufe&H w
H pfckjyKvkyx
f m;aom

a&S;a[mif;NrdKYawmfrsm;aygif;pnf;a&;pDrHudef;
aygifpwmvif 692961 tukeftuscHumaqmif&Guf
armfuRef;ol
&efukef ar 11
txufjrefrmjynf\ a&S;a[mif;NrdKUawmfrsm;twGuf aygif;pnf;c&D;pOfa'opDru
H ed ;f wpfcka&;qG&J ef
twGuf aygifpwmvif 692961 tukefuscHumaqmif&Gufay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; [dkw,fESifY
c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;0efBuD;XmerSod&onf/
txufjrefrmjynf\ a&S;a[mif;NrdKUawmfrsm;twGuf aygif;pnf;c&D;pOfa'opDrHudef;wpfcka&;
qG&J eftwGuf tDwvDEkdiif H zavm&ihw
f uokdvrf S ygarmu MS Mirella Loda OD;aqmifaomtzGUJ onf
rwfvtwGif;ua&muf&Sdum uGif;qif;avYvmrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhaMumif; od&onf/

aMumifah rQmwdkit
f ajcjyK ausmufpw
D m
dk;jzifah xmufyx
hH m;um ausmufpw
D m
dk;a&SUwiG f a&wdkupf m;cHEkid &f ef ausmuf
BuD;rsm;cif;umuG,x
f m;onfukad wGU
&onf/
xdkYtwloG,f0dkufumuG,frIvkyf

ief;tjzpfaqmif&Gu&f mwGif cHwyfBuD;


teD;uyfpD;qif;aeaom a&eufpD;
aMumif;udkcHwyfrStenf;i,fa0;uGm
aom ae&modkYajymif;a&TUpD;qif;ae&ef
ESiahf &wdrv
f map&eftwGuf tvsm;pkpk
aygif; ay200 &Sd ausmufpaD &umwm
oHk;ckudkwnfaqmufxm;NyD; ausmuf
om; Solid jzifhaqmif&Gufum tay:
rsufESmjyifudk ESmoyfjcif;? uGefu&pf
(Cap) avmif;jcif;rsm;jzifh tcsdK;nD
aygif;pyfaqmif&u
G x
f m;onfukdawGU&
onf/ xdkodkYpDrHaqmif&Gufxm;rIrsm;
aMumifh urf;&if;uyfa&aMumif;udkvJT
ajymif;ay;ojzifh a&eufpD;aMumif;rS
cHwyfrSz,fcGmpD;qif;vsuf&Sdonfudk
awGU&onf/
tqkdyg rif;vScHwyfBuD;umuG,f
xdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufxm;&SdrIrsm;udk
Munfh pI pfaq;&ef wkid ;f a'oBuD;0efBuD;
csKyfOD;bkef;armfa&TESifhtwl wdkif;a'o
BuD;tpdk;&tzJUG 0ifBuD;rsm;?wdki;f 'oBuD;
tqifhXmeqdkif&mwm0ef&Sdolrsm;vdkuf
yg ,ckv 5 &uf eHeuf 8 em&Du
rif;vScHwyfodkYa&muf&SdcJh&m a&t&if;
tjrpfEiS jhf rpfacsmif;rsm;zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufa&;
OD;pD;Xme wdki;f a'oBuD;OD;pD;rSL;OD;aZmf
vGifu umuG,fxdef;odrf;aqmif&Guf
xm;&SdrIrsm;ESifhywfouf &Sif;vif;
wifjycJNh yD; wifjycsurf sm;tay: wdki;f
a'oBuD;0efBuD;csKyfu vdktyfonfrsm;
udk Xmeqdkif&mrsm;ESifhaygif;pyfndEIdif;
aqmif&u
G af y;cJo
h nf/ xdkokdpY rD aH qmif
&GufcJhrIaMumifh ordkif;0ifrif;vScHwyf
taqmufttHkBuD; a&S;rlrysufa&S;
a[mif;tarGtESpw
f pfcktjzpf a&&Snf
wnfwHhcdkifjrJaerSmjzpfygaMumif;/

c&D;pOfa'opDrHudef;a&;qGJa&;tzGJUonf tqdkygaygif;pnf;pDrHudef;udk jrefrmEdkifiHc&D;oGm;yifr


pDru
H ed ;f (2013-2020) \ t"du&nf&,
G cf surf sm;twdki;f tajccHa&;qGo
J mG ;rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;umv
wpfEpS t
f wGif; aygif;pnf;pDru
H ed ;f a&;qGjJ cif;ESifh vlpY rG ;f tm;t&if;tjrpfzUHG NzdK;wdk;wufa&;twGuf oif
wef;rsm;ay;jcif;twGuf aygifpwmvif 692961 tukeftuscHum aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
[dkw,fESifhc&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief;0efBuD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdoluajymonf/
txufjrefrmjynf\ a&S;a[mif;NrdKUawmfrsm;yg0ifaom tif;0? tr&yl&? ppfukid ;f ? rif;uGe;f ?rEav;
c&D;pOfa'oonf urmvSnefh kid if jH cm;c&D;oGm;{nho
f nfrsm; tvnftywfc&D;oGm;a&muf&ef ,leufpudk
\,Ofaus;rItarGtESprf sm;pm&if;odkx
Y nho
f iG ;f &ef vsmxm;jcif;cH&aom c&D;pOfa'owpfckjzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
tqdkygtzGUJ onf a&S;a[mif;NrdKUawmfrsm;jzpfaom tif;0? tr&yl&? ppfukdi;f ?rif;uGe;f ESirfh Eav;
NrdKUrsm;udkjcHKikH aygif;pnf;c&D;pOfa'opDrHudef;wpfcka&;qGJNyD; if;pDrHudef;onf tqdkygaygif;pnf;
c&D;pOfa'otwGi;f pDrt
H kycf sKyfrrI sm;? pDrcH eYcf rJG t
I pDtpOfrsm;? a'o&St
d &if;tjrpfrsm;udk jriw
fh ifay;jcif;?
a'ocHjynfolrsm;\ vlrIpD;yGm;b0udkulnDjrihfwifay;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/

ART 15

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

y&dowf&ifxpJ u
JG sef&pfO;D rnfh

]uRerf uESi;f qDygarmif} ky&f iS fZmwfum;


arpk[ef
]uRefruESif;qDygarmif} kyf&SifZmwfum;BuD; Press Show udk ,ckv10&uf eHeuf 7em&DcGJu
&efukefNrdKU orwtqihfjrifhkyf&SifHkBuD;wGifjyocJhonf/ tqdkyg kyf&SifZmwfum;BuD;rSm xm;0,f
ky&f iS x
f kwv
f kyaf &;rSxkwv
f kyNf yD; ykncif\0wKudk ZmwfeT ;f ESi'hf gdkuw
f m tu,f'rD0kdi;f u yHkazmfkduf
ul; okyaf qmif tu,f'rDaewdk;? tu,f'rDazG;azG;? tu,f'rD,eG ;f ,Ge;f ? [JA;D NzdK;wdku
Y yDjyifpmG
okyaf qmifxm;onf/ ]uRefruESi;f qDygarmif} ky&f iS Zf mwfum;yHkazmf zefw;D olrsm;ESiphf me,fZif;rsm;
awGUqHkpOfolwdkY&JUBudK;pm;rItaMumif;udk tckvdkajymjycJhMuonf/

Zmwfum;av;udk tpuwnf;ujyifqifxm;cJUvdkh
jyefMunfUwJUtcsdefrSmtjypfajymp&mr&Sdbl; 'gdkufwm 0dkif;

ZmwfeT ;f rSm tpfukdt


Y aeeJY
y&dowfrysif;&atmif twwf
Edkiq
f kH;pOf;pm;NyD; awmfawmfav;
tcsed af y;vkycf &hJ w,f/ t"duu
awmh Zmwfodrf;oDcsif;aygh /
Zmwf o d r f ; eJ Y t aMumif ; t&m
uGufwdjzpfzdkYvdkw,f/ y&dowf
&ifxJudk tqdkawmf&JUtoHuvJ

uGufwad &mufEdkifwJh cHpm;rIjzpf


&r,f/ pmom;uvJ cHpm;&r,f/
udk,&hf UJ kyu
f vJ vdkuzf uf&r,f/
toHpepfudk ESpfcgoHk;cgjyifcJh&
w,f/y&dowfukdaumif;aumif;
rGefrGefMunfhIcHpm;apcsifvdkYyg/
Zmwfum;udkauseyfw,f/ Zmwf
um;jyefMunfw
h t
hJ cgrauseyfwhJ

cHpm;csufrsKd;rjzpfatmif Zmwf
um;pdkuu
f wnf;u pdwn
f pfcH
w,f/ ,Ge;f ,Ge;f qdk 'Dvku
d mdkuf
wmrsKd;rvkyfzl;bl;/ azG;azG;tdrf
udkomG ;NyD; tdkuw
f ifcu
JG siw
hf ,f/
oHk;&uf av;&ufavmufusihf
w,f/ azG;azG;csKyfwJh 'DZdkifem
qDrmS yJ,eG ;f ,Ge;f tusc sKyfw,f/
,Ge;f ,Ge;f udk pdw&f iS ;f atmifxm;
w,f/azG;azG;vkyw
f t
hJ kduw
f ifukd
MunfNh yD;olt'J t
D wdki;f vkyw
f ,f/
tpuwnf;u jyifqifxm;wJh
twGut
f cktcsed rf mS tpfukdY buf
u bmrStjypfajymp&mr&Sdbl;/
y&dowfu 'DZmwfum;MunfNh yD;
wJhtcsdefrSmolwdkY&JU pum;oHudk
Mum;csifygw,f/ tpfudk tm;
enf;w,fqdkvJ jyifvdkY&atmif
yg/ aumif;w,fqkdvJ 'Dx
h ufykd
aumif;atmifBudK;pm;zdykY g/ ta&;
BuD;wmolwdkY&JUtoHMum;zdkYyg/

tvkyfudkwm0efausatmifvkyfr,fvdkh
pOf;pm;NyD;dkuful;xm;w,f azG;azG;
,Gef;,Gef;eJYazG;azG;rdkurf Duwnf;u ndx
m;w,f/ ,Ge;f
,Ge;f umdkuw
f mrSm uav;b0i,fwphJ w
d ef aYJ rmufrmw,f/ rSm;
cJw
h ,f/ b,forl rS odwt
hJ csed rf mS tjzpftysuaf wGu tukejf zpf
ukefw,f/ t&G,fa&mufawmh rarmufrmawmhbl;/ tdkufwif
tJ'v
D kcd sed ;f cJw
h ,f/ NyD;awmh xm;ocif umdkuw
f mu trSet
f rSm;
awG? b0tedrt
hf jrifah wG olvufawGUov
d kdu&f wJt
h csed rf mS tdkuf
wifawGu &ifu
h suv
f mw,f/ udkaewdk;udkerf;wJZh mwf0ifcef;rSm
dkuu
f ;l aewke;f dkuaf ewJt
h csed rf mS trSet
f wdki;f ajym&&if pdwu
f
vHk;0&Sif;xm;w,f/ 'Dtvkyfudk wm0efausatmifvkyfr,fvdkY
pOf;pm;xm;w,f/

tckae jyefokyaf qmif&if


'DvdkumdkufwmrsKd;r&awmhbl; ,Gef;,Gef;

'Dumdkuw
f mudk tJ't
D &G,f
uydkiEf kid v
f rd rhf ,fvkYd ,HkMunfcsuf
r&Scd b
hJ ;l / 'gayr,fh OD;0dki;f uvJ
BudKwifjyifqifrIawGeJY oifay;
w,f/ razG;uvJ trsm;BuD;
ulncD w
hJ ,f/ 'ghaMumifh dkuu
f ;l
jzpfoGm;wmyg/ Zmwfum;xJu
umdkuw
f mESprf sK;d pvHk;udkoabm
usw,f/ i,fwma&m? BuD;wm
a&m OD;0dki;f dkujf yxm;wm t&rf;
aumif;w,f/ Zmwf0ifcef;eJcY sed ;f
xm;wmav;awGvJ qufpyfr&I dS

uRrf;bm;oHwreftjzpfcefhtyfcH&ol

w,f/ orD;okyfaqmifxm;
wmvdktyfcsufawGawmh awGU
w,f/ 'gayr,fh tBudKufqHk;
Zmwf0ifcef;u ajcaxmufukd &TUH
aq;cdkif;wJh tcef;av;awGu
&SnfvJ&Snfw,f/ Munfh&wm
oabmydkusw,f/ Zmwfvrf;rSm
rdwfuyfu uav;wpfa,muf
rjyifwwfjyifwwfeJY yHkpHrsKd;vdk
csifw,fqdkvdkY udk,fwdkifjc,fcJh
wmyg/ tusu
razG;azG;csKyfwhJ
'DZdkifemOrmausmfqDrSmyJ tyfcJh
w,f/ Zmwf0ifcef;xJu qHyif
wdkav;u razG;azG;vufaqmif
ay;cJhwmyg/ tjrifawmh qef;
wmayghaemf/ vdkuw
f ,fvkdYawmh
rxifygbl;/ 'DZmwfum;av;udk
y&dowfwpfa,muftaeeJY Munfh
&wm t&rf;oabmusw,f/
orD;vJ vdktyfcsufawG&Sdw,f/

tJ'gudk tckjyefjyifw,f/ tJ'D


t&G,w
f ek ;f ucHpm;csuef v
YJ yk x
f m;
wmydkuav;qefNyD; obm0us
w,f/tckaejyefvky&f ifawmifr&
awmhygbl;/Zmwfum;av;eJyY wf
oufwJh trSwfw&u&D[mZ,f
cPcPvkyf&w,f/ udk,fhpDeD
,mudk[AJ ;D NzdK;udk tEdkiu
f si&hf wJh
tcef;awG trsm;BuD;ygw,f/
trSwfw& jzpfygw,f/
]uRerf uESi;f qDygarmif}kyf
&SifZmwfum;BuD;udk ,ckvukef
(od)kY a&SUv vqef;ydki;f wGif Hkwif
rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/ vl
wpfa,muf&UJ qif;&Jjcif;?csr;f om
jcif;tay:rSm udk,&hf UJ prG ;f aqmifrI
rygbJ?udk,b
hf mrSrodbcJ sr;f om
jcif;? qif;&Jjcif;?tajymif; tvJ?
vlwpfa,mufukd rke;f aeayr,fh
cspfaewmrsKd;tcspf?trkef;? csrf;
om?qif;&Jjcif;?uvJph m;acsjcif;?
tjyifavmub0jzpfavhjzpfx&Sd
wJh b0tajctaeudk yHkazmfxm;
wJZh mwfvrf;aumif;jzpfygw,f/

Miss xm;xufxuf

'*Hka0vif;
2013 ckESpf Edk0ifbm 19 &ufu xdkif;EdkifiH befaumufNrdKU usif;ycJhaom Miss Grand International 2013 NydKifyGJ
wGif Poll Fanpage rS cs;D jrio
hf nf/h Pop Prize qkuk&d &Scd NhJ yD; zdvpfykid Ef kid if w
H iG jf yKvkycf o
hJ nfh 2005 Sea Game wGiv
f nf; jrefrm
Edkiif u
H k,
d pf m;jyKtjzpfuRrf;bm;NydKifyo
JG 0kYd ifa&muf,OS Nf ydKifc&hJ m uRrf;bm;tvSr,ftjzpfa&G;cs,cf &H ol Miss xm;xufxufonf
jrefrmEdkifiHtm;upm;0efBuD;Xmeatmuf&Sd jrefrmuRrf;bm;tm;upm;tzGJUcsKyfwGif rsKd;qufopfuRrf;bm;vli,frsm;udk
uRrf;bm;ynmrsm; oifwef;ydkYcsay;vsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/
4if;taejzifh kyf&SifZmwfum;rsm;
udkvnf; vufcHdkuful;vsuf&SdNyD;
tu,f'rDvrl if;ESit
hf wl ]uHx;l rxl;}
ky&f iS Zf mwfum;ESio
hf kyaf qmiftqdak wmf
,keaf v;ESiw
hf zJG ufvlMurf;wpfa,muf
&JU Diary kyf&SifZmwfum;wGifvnf;
aumif;? tu,f'rDjrifjh rifch kdif dkuu
f ;l
aom ]Am&mPoDjynfukd csnw
f BhJ udK;}
kyf&SifZmwfum;wGifvnf; yg0ifokyf
aqmifxm;aMumif;od&onf/
uRrf;bm;oHwreftjzpfcefYtyfcH&ol\
vkyfaqmifcsuf
[kwfygw,f/xm;udk jrefrmtm;
upm;tzGJUcsKyfBuD;u uRrf;bm;tvS

r,fow
H reftjzpf jynfyawGrSmjyKvkyf
wJhuRrf;bm;tzGJUawG&JUvIyf&Sm;rIwdkif;
yg0ifvkyfaqmifzdkYtwGuf cefYtyfw,f
vdkY od&ygw,f/ 'DrSmvJusef;rma&;eJY
ywfoufvdkY pae? we*FaEGaeYawGrSm
Edkiif jH cm;om;uav;awGukd oD;oefo
Y if
wef;zGifhxm;wm&Sdygw,f/ uRrf;bm;
ynmudkoifMum;ay;zdkt
Y wGuyf g/ xm;
xuftaeeJY jrefrmEdkifiHtm;upm;tzGJU
csKyfatmufrmS &Sw
d hJ uRrf;bm;tm;upm;
tzGUJ csKyfrmS vJtcsed &f &if&ovdk oifwef;
q&mrwpfa,muftjzpfev
YJ J 'Dynmudk
oifMum;ay;aeygw,f/
usef;rma&;eJYywfoufvdkYuawmh

nDrTV Channel awGrmS awmfawmfrsm;


rsm;okyjf ywJh tpDtpOfawGrmS ygjzpfyg
w,f/ udk,fudk,fwdkifvJ upm;ovdk
udk,yhf wf0ef;usirf mS &Sw
d hJ oil ,fcsi;f awG?
tEkynm&Siaf wGukdvJ udk,ef t
YJ wlavh
usihcf ef;vkyfzdkY tjrJwdkufwGef;ygw,f/
eef;cifaZ,sm? udka0VKausm?f udkrif;armf
uGe;f wdkUqkd uRrf;bm;ynmudkoifMuyg
w,f/ tJ'DtwGufxm;xufwdkY uRrf;
bm;ynmudk aemufwufvmr,fv
h al wG
ydkrku
d s,jf yefpY mG jzefaY 0Edkizf kYd xm;xufBudK;
pm;NyD;vkyfaqmifaeygw,f/
xm;xufy&dowfukv
d u
J se;f rma&;
eJyY wfoufvkdY wdkuw
f eG ;f csiw
f muawmh

a&csK;d r,fh tcsed rf mS ig;rdepf? q,fred pf


avmuftcsdefay;NyD;udk,fvufavhusifh
cef;av;vkyfay;apcsifygw,f/
NydKifyGJwdkif;twGufpdwf"mwfcGeftm;
b,ft&mrqdk udk,u
hf k,
d u
f k,
d f ,Hk
Munfcsuw
f pfckxm;NyD; vkyaf qmifwm
aumif;ygw,f/uRrf;bm;ynmqdkwm
vJ,HkMunfrIxm;NyD; vkyf&wJhynmwpf
ckygyJ/ udk,fu EdkifiHudk,fpm;jyKwpf
a,mufjzpfaewJhtwGuf b,ft&mudk

vkyv
f kyf rnfow
l pfO;D wpfa,mufukdrS
xdckdurf rI &Sad tmifvkyaf qmif&ygr,f/
azazub,ft&mrqdk avQmuf
r,fv
h rf;udka&G;cs,Nf yD;&ifqufavQmuf
&r,fqkw
d phJ um;aMumifh tckvk&d yfwnf
Edkifwmyg/ xm;xuf 2003 ckESpfu
AD,uferfrSmoGm;NydKifcJhw,f/ Top 10
0ifcyhJ gw,f/ 2005 Sea Game udkawmh
zdvpfykdirf mS NydKifcw
hJ muRrf;bm;tvSr,f
qk&&Scd yhJ gw,f/

16

ART

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg ?

pwefU rif;om;rif;orD;avmif;wdkU

oifwef;qif;yGJ
cifyefESif;

Stuntman Training udkpw


d 0f ifpm;
rd.../ tmqD,H kyf&SiftpDtpOft&?
Forever Group, Myanmar Motion Picture Organization, Film Development Council of the PhilipkY ;l aygif;vma&mufoifwef;
pines wdy

ay;olwdkUrSm

Katipunero Stunt and


Talent Association, Inc. of the Philippines Jointly Organized by
the...azmfjycJhNyD;aomtzGJUtpnf;rsm;

jzpfygonf/
arv 4 &ufupwif 11&ufaeY
txd.../
awmfawmfyifyifyef;yef;MudK;MudK;
pm;pm;oif,cl MhJ uonf/ oifMum;ay;
olwdkUvnf; yifyef;wmyJ...teD;uyf
apmifMh uyfaom udkval csmwdkt
Y zGUJ vnf;
yifyef;wmyJ../
,aeYoifwef;qif;yGJrSm zdvpfydkif

jzpfNyD; rif;om;uOya'bufawmfom;
jzpfaewwfonf/ cifarmif&ifvkd Adkvf
atmif'ifrmS Zmwfvkdurf if;om;u vl
qdk;acgif;aqmif Zmwfum;vkyfEdkifwJh
rif;om;odyfrSr&SdawmhwmbJ/
zdvdyDEdkwpfa,mufajymoGm;wJh
txJrmS pwefv
Y kyaf wmhr,fqk&d if...ae
&ma'oqDavsm&f rnf/ u,fq,fa&;
ypn;f rsm;jynfph kH&rnf ...qdkwmtjyif
rmefrmeESdrfhcs&rnf...*g&0w&m;&Sd&
rnf..[kMum;vdkuf&m av;pm;p&m
ynm&yfygyJ/
,aeYoifwef;qif;vufrw
S &f &So
d l
rif;om;rif;orD;i,fav;awGuMkd unfNh y;D
"mwfyHk-cifESif;(aq;-1) jrefrmhky&f iS w
f pfacwftwGuf tem*wf
vlrsKd ;pwefq
Y &mwdkU ajymMum;pum;xJ um;trsm;pkrmS vlMurf;u rw&m;wJh twGuf trsm;BuD;tm;&rdonf/
jrefrmhky&f iS u
f rmxdr[kwaf o;&if
rSm...jrefrmvlrsK;d wdko
Y nf olwkdaY wGzY ;l bufujzpfaeNyD; rif;om;uraumif;
ol
y
,f
aumif
;
ol
u
,f
z
d
k
Y
j
zpf
o
nf
/
awmif
t
a&S
U
a
wmif
tm&Savmufukad wmh
orQxJrmS {nf0h wftausyeG q
f kH;qdkwm
vlMurf;wdku
Y Oya'tjyifbufu xdk;azmufapcsifrdygonf/
&,f...olwkUd zv
d pfykid o
f jkYd yefMu&ygawmh
rnf/...ESvk;H om;wpfpw
d w
f pfykid ;f awmh
jrefrmEdkifiHrSmusefcJhygonf[k olwdkY
ajymMum;cJo
h nf/ olwkdpY um;u&ifxJ
uvmwmqdkwmcHpm;rdonf/ pwefrY if;
om;rif;orD;qdkwm ...[dk;wpfacwf
uawmh vlBuD;awGajymwmMum;zl;cJh
onf/ rdrw
d o
kYd rd w
DS u
hJ mvrSm wu,f&dS
ao;vdkYvm;../
vlMurf;(udkvlacsm)wdkYyJpwefYvkyf
&NyD; rif;om;udktEdkifay;vdkuf&wm
yJ...rif;om;pwefUvkyw
f muenf;enf;?
vlMurf;ursm;rsm;vkyfNyD; aemufqHk;
awmh rif;om;yJtEdkif&wmyJ.../
rif;om;uawmhEkid &f rSmygyJ/ Zmwf

]]uRefruESi;f qDygarmif ky&f iS fZmwfum;BuD;udk jyefvnfMunfh &I wJt


h cg
t&rf;udt
k m;&rI&cdS hyJ gw,f}}[k okyfaqmif[JAD;NzdK;ajym
rdpkrGef
'gdkufwm0dkif;dkuful;onfh ]uRefr uESif;qDygarmif}kyf&SifZmwfum;BuD;
aewdk;\i,fb0tjzpf yDjyifpGmtpGrf; ukefBudK;pm;okyfaqmifcJhonfh [JAD;NzdK;
u kyf&SifZmwfum;udkjyefMunfh&onfh tcg tm;&auseyfrI&SdaMumif;qdkonf/
]]'Dum;udk jyefMunfh&wJhtcgaysmf
w,f/ zD;vfvJ jzpfygw,f/ 'Dum;dkuf
cJh&wm xl;xl;jcm;jcm;jyifqifvdkuf&
wmodyrf &Sb
d ;l /t0wftpm;vJta[mif;
awGcsn;f yJqkad wmh t&rf;rjyifqifvku
d f
&bl;/ tukeftusrrsm;bl;/ jyifqif
&wmu,Gef;av;?oltuket
f usrsm;NyD;
olt
Y ESyd pf ufuku
d Refawmfc&H wm/ apwef

&JUuacsonfrSmwkef;u uRefawmfu
ADved ?f 'DZmwfum;rSmusawmh ,Ge;f av;
uADved af ygh/ 'gdkuw
f m0dki;f eJv
Y ufwNGJ yD;
dkujf zpfw,f/ olu uRefawmfu
h kjd zpfap
csifw,f/ uRefawmfhudk t&rf;yHhydk;ay;
w,f/ olyyhH k;d ay;vdykY J uRefawmfy&dowf
awG & J U tm;ay;rI u d k & wm/ apwef & J U
uacsonfrmS y&dowfawGuRefawmfu
h kd

rkef;r,fxifwm? 'gayr,fh rrkef;Mu


bl;/ 'DZmwfum;rSmvJ olY&JUyHhydk;rIeJYyJ
uRefawmhfudk y&dowfawGoem;Mur,f
xifwm}}[k [JAD;NzdK;uajymonf/
tqdkygky&f iS Zf mwfum;BuD;udk dkuf
ul;aepOf trSww
f &rsm;&Sad Mumif;udkvJ
[JAD;NzdK;u ]],Gef;av;udk zdeyfpD;ay;
wJhtcef;qdk wpfcgrStJvdkzdeyfrpD;ay;
zl;bl;qdkawmh b,ftaygufxu
J kdxnfh
vdkYxnfh&rSef;rodcJhbl;/ oHk;cgavmuf
jyefdkuf&w,f/ uRefawmfhtBudKufqHk;
tcef;uawmhyg;dkufwJhtcef;rSm olu
tm;emvdkrY dkub
f ;l / uRefawmfudkuyf g

vdkYajymrS wu,ftm;&yg;&dkufvdkuf
wm/ aemufwpfcef;u rD;owfydkufeJY
xdk;wJt
h cef;uRefawmfEpS &f ufavmufzsm;
oGm;w,f/ t&rf;tm;&cJhw,f/ ajc
axmufay: yef;tdk;uwu,fuswm?
aoG ; awmh w u,f r xG u f c J h b l ; /'gu
awmhtrSww
f &av;awGygyJ}}[k ajym
onf/
uav;okyaf qmifrw
S pfqifNh yD;wpf
qifh tEkynmavmuxJodkY0ifa&muf
vsuf&Sdonfh [JAD;NzdK;u tEkynmESifh
ywfoufonfh rnfonft
h aMumif;t&m
rsK;d udkrqdk qufvufvkyaf qmifomG ;rnf
jzpfaMumif;? pyful;ryful;tcsdefwpfck
udka&mufaeonfhtwGuf jyifqifrI
trsm;Bu;D vkyaf e&aMumif;?tEkynmorm;
wdki;f twGuf y&dowfawG&UJ tm;ay;rIu
trSefwu,fvdktyfaMumif;ajymonf/

,aeYoifwef; qif;
vufrSwf&&Sdol
rif;om; rif;orD;
i,fav;awGukMd unfNh yD;
jrefrmhkyf&Sif
wpfacwftwGuf
tem*wf twGuf
trsm;BuD;tm;&rdonf/

LOCAL 17

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

trdIufodrf;vufwGef;vSnf;,mOfrsm;ay;tyf

rlvwef;q&mtwwfynmtxl;oifwef;zGifh
aersKd;atmif(0g;c,fr)
0g;c,fr ar 11

wifpdk;(yJcl;)
yJcl; ar 11
yJcl;NrdKU eef;awmf&m&yfuGuf
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;kH; yJcl;NrdKUe,f
pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJUrS trdIuf
odrf;vufwGef;vSnf;,mOfrsm;
ay;tyfyGJtcrf;tem;udk ,ref
aeY eHeuf 9 em&Du usif;y&m
yJcl;NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,mtrI
aqmift&m&Sd OD;rdk;ausmfESihf
pnfyif0efxrf;rsm;? eef;awmf&m
&yfuu
G t
f kycf sKyfa&;rSL; OD;rdk;jrihf
ndKESihftaxmuftuljyKtzGJU0if
rsm;?q,ftrd rf LS ;rsm; wufa&muf
Muonf/
a&S;OD;pGm yJc;l NrdKUe,fpnfyif
om,mtrIaqmifOD;rdk;ausmfu
trdu
I o
f rd ;f vufweG ;f vSn;f ,mOf
rsm;ay;tyf&jcif;ESihyf wfouf

&Si;f vif;ajymMum;NyD; trdu


I o
f rd ;f
vufweG ;f vSn;f ,mOfrsm;tm;&yf
uGut
f kycf sKyfa&;rSL;ESit
fh axmuf
tuljyKtzGJUxHay;tyfonf/
yJ c l ; Nrd K Uay:&yf u G u f r sm;rS
wpfaeYvQif trdIufwefcsdef 35
wefcefx
Y u
G &f &dS m yJc;l NrdKUe,fpnf
yifom,ma&;tzGUJ uaeYpOftrdu
I f
odrf;,mOf 15 pD;jzihf vdkufvH
odr;f qnf;pGeyYf pf&m rvkaH vmuf
aomaMumihf &yfuGufrsm;tae
jzihf rdrdwdkYtpDtpOfESihftrdIuf
rsm; pGeyYf pford ;f qnf;&eftwGuf
NrdKU ay:&yfuu
G rf sm;wGif vlO;D a&
xlxyfaom?um;0if&efcufcaJ om
eef;awmf&m&yfuGuf? &Sifapmyk
&yfuGuf? ykPm;&yfuGufwdkYudk
ay;tyfjcif;jzpfNyD; use&f yfuu
G f
rsm;taejzihf trdIufodrf;vuf
wGef;vSnf;rsm;vdktyfygu yJcl;

NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzGUJ k;H
odkYtaMumif;Mum;awmif;cHEdkif
aMumif;od&onf/

{&m0wDwkid ;f a'oBuD;0g;c,frNrdKUe,f2015
ckEpS f NrdKUe,ftajcjyKrlvwef;q&mtwwfynm
txl;oifwef;trSwpf Of(2^15)zGiyhf t
JG crf;tem;
udk,ckveHeufykdi;f u 0g;c,frNrdKUe,ftrSw(f 1)
tajccHynmtxufwef;ausmif;a':ydkurf cd ef;r
wGifusif;y&m NrdKUe,fynma&;aumfrwDOu|
oifwef;zGifhvSpfa&;em,u NrdKUe,ftkycf sKyfa&;
rSL;OD;pdk;vGifu tzGifhtrSmpum;ajymMum;NyD;
ajrmif;jrcdkifynma&;rSL;udk,fpm;OD;pD;t&m&Sd
(ppfaq;) OD;vS&edS u
f oifwef;udp& yfrsm;udk &Si;f

bufpHkynmxl;cRefqk&ausmif;om;ausmif;olrsm;ukdBudKqdk*kPfjyK
0if;Adkvf(jrefatmif)
jrefatmif ar 11
2014-2015 ynmoifESpf
bufpkHynmxl;cRefqk& ausmif;
om;ausmif;ol vl&nfcRefarmif
r,frsm;tm; BudKqdk*kPfjyKyGJudk
,ckv 9&ufuusi;f y&m bufpkH
ynmxl;cRefqk&armifr,frsm;
onf ykord -f MuHcif;tjref&xm;
jzifh nae 3 em&DwiG f jrefatmif
blwmodkYa&muf&Sdvm&m NrdKUe,f
ynma&;rSL;OD;0if;jrifh OD;aqmif
q&mq&mrrsm;? ausmif;om;

ausmif;olrsm;?aqGrsK;d rdbrsm;u
vma&mufBudKqdkMuNyD; NrdKUwGif;
odkY vSnhv
f nf*kPjf yKcJMh uonf/
xdkYaemuf bufpHkynmxl;
cRefqk&ausmif;om;ausmif;ol
rsm;tm; *kPjf yKyGt
J crf;tem;udk
txujrefatmifwGifusif;y&m
NrdKUe,fynma&;rSL;OD;0if;jrifEh iS hf
txujrefatmif ausmif;tkyf
q&mrBuD; a':EkEkMunfwdkYu
bufpHkynmxl;cRefqk&ausmif;
om;ausmif;olrsm;tm; csD;usL;
*kPjf yKpum;ajymMum;Muonf/

armfuRef;-oref;acsmif;aus;&GmwGif acsmif;ul;wHwm;av;pif;

wpfaeYwnf;zGiv
hf pS Ef ikd
f aus;&Gm20oGm;vma&;vG,u
f Nl yD
zGiyhf rJG sm;udk ,ckv 7&uf eHeuf
8em&DupwifzGiyhf rJG sm; usi;f y
cJhMuonf/
armfvNrdKifuRef;NrdKUe,f a*G;
zGifhyGJwGif usyf 12 odef;cGJ
uke;f aus;&Gmtkypf k oref;acsmif; wefatmifaZ,sacsmif;ul;wHwm;
aus;&GmwGiq
f ufo,
G af &;acsmif; tm; tvSL&SifarmfvNrdKifuRef;
ul;wHwm;av;pif;wpfNydKifwnf; NrdKUae OD;acG;ykro
d m;pkEiS ahf us;&Gm
armfuRef;jrifhatmif
armfvNrdKifuRef; ar 11

vif;rSmMum;NyD; txl;oifwef;pDrcH efcY aJG &;aumf


rwDtwGif;a&;rSL; 'kwd,NrdKUe,fynma&;rSL;
q&mBuD;OD;at;<u,fu oifwef;qdkif&mudp
&yfrsm;udktus,w
f 0if&h iS ;f vif;ajymMum;cJo
h nf/
tcrf;tem;odkYjynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;
vS,af ':jrifjh rifph ef;?wkid ;f a'oBuD;vTwaf wmfuk,
d f
pm;vS,Of ;D ausmv
f iG Ef iS h f NrKd Ue,ftqifXh meqkid &f mrsm;?
NrdKUe,fynma&;rSL;a':at;at;oif;ESiyhf nma&;
0efxrf;rsm;? oifwef;enf;jyq&mq&mr13OD;?
oifwef;om;oifwef;ol q&mq&mr 382 OD;
wdkY wufa&mufMuNyD; oifwef;umvrSm ,ckv
5 &ufrSZGef 8 &uftxd oifMum;ydkYcsay;rnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;jrifhaZmfwdkUu
vnf;aumif;? usyf 14 odef;
cGw
J efr*Fvmod'ad csmif;ul;wHwm;
udk tvSL&SifarmfvNrdKifuRef;NrdKU
ae pdef[oFmyefUqdkifydkif&Sif
OD;nGefU&Sif rdom;pkESifh wHwm;
wnf a qmuf a &;aumf r wD 0 if

OD;pdefarmufwdkUuvnf;aumif;?
usyf27 odef;wef arwmaygif;
ul;acsmif;ul;wHwm;udk tvSL&Sif
armfvNrdKifuRef;NrdKUae OD;atmif
jrifhrdom;pkwdkUuvnf;aumif;
usyu
f kd;ode;f ausmw
f ef omoemh
wHceG af csmif;ul;wHwm;udk NrdKUe,f
oHCmhem,uOu| q&mawmf
b'Et*0Houvnf;aumif;
zJBudK;jzwfziG v
hf pS af y;cJMh uonf/
tqdkygoref;acsmif;aus;&Gm
acsmif;ul;wHwm;av;pif; wnf
aqmufzGifhvSpfEdkifa&;twGuf
armfvNrdKifuRef;NrdKUrrS wnftvSL
&Sifrsm;ESifhoref;acsmif;aus;&Gm
olaus;&Gmom;rsm; pkaygif;vSL
'gef;cJMh ujcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
tqdkygwHwm;rsm;NyD;pD;onfh
twGuf oref;acsmif;? tpkBuD;?
unifacsmif;BuD;? &Gmopf? a*G;
ukef;ESifh unifacsmif;uav;
tygt0if aus;&Gmaygif; 20
ausmfrS a'ocHjynfolrsm; qdkif
u,f? pufbD;rsm;jzifh wpf&GmrS
wpf&GmodkU oGm;vmqufoG,f
a&;tqifajyvG,fuloGm;NyDjzpf
aMumif; od&onf/

xdkYaemuf vl&nfcRefarmif
r,frsm;uyk*?H tif;av;?aiGaqmif
ponfhoGm;a&mufcJhonfhtawGY
tMuHKrsm;udk jyefvnf&Sif;vif;
ajymMum;cJMh uonf/ jrefatmifNrdKU
e,frS bufpHkynmxl;cRefqk&
&So
d rl sm;rSm 2012-2013?20132014? 2014-2015ckEpS f quf
wdkufoHk;xyfuGrf; bufpHkynm
xl;cRefqk& ausmif;om;armif

yd k u fo uf x l ; atmif ? 20132014? 2014-2015 ck E S p f


t|rwef;? e0rwef; ESpfESpf
qufwdkuf bufpHkynmxl;cRef
qk&ausmif;om; armif[dPf;
okwESihf 2013-2014? 20142015ckEpS f t|rwef;? e0rwef;
ESpfESpfqufwdkuf bufpHkynm
xl;cRefqk& ausmif;ol rZifar
odrfhwdkYjzpfMuonf/

&Siftyg; 100 ausmf pkaygif;&SifjyKtvSLawmfusif;y


qDrD;ckH-eef;&D
Aef;armf ar 11
ucsifjynfe,f Aef;armfNrdKUwGif ucsifjynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJU\
yHhydk;rIjzihf Aef;armfcdkiftaxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;XmerS OD;pD;
cdkiEf iS Nfh rdKUe,fXmeqkid &f mrsm;ESifh tvSL&Sirf sm; pkaygif;jyKvkyo
f nhf
Aef;armfNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd rdbrJhuav;rsm;ESihfqif;&JcsdKUwJhonfh
uav;rsm; pkpkaygif;&Sif 131 yg;udk uHOD;y&d,wdpmoifwdkuf
oAr*Fvmausmif;awmf &SifjyKr*FvmyGJusif;ycJhaMumif; od&
onf/,ckv 8 &uf rGef;vGJ 3 em&Du &Sif 131 yg;tm; nae
5em&Dcw
JG iG f y&du& m&Spyf g;pkv
H ifpmG jzihf jrwfAk't
arG&iS o
f mraP
tjzpf oGwfoGif;csD;ajrmufcJhMuonf/
tqdkygtcrf;tem;udk cdkiftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;pdefjrihf? jynf
e,fvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzpfMuaomOD;xGe;f &deS Ef iS Ofh ;D ausmaf qG?
cdki&f w
J yfzUJG rLS ; 'kw,
d &JrLS ;BuD; 0if;jrihaf tmif? NrdKUe,ftkycf sKyfa&;
rSL; OD;pGrf;xufa0? cdkif ^NrdKUe,fXmeqkdif&mrsm;? omraP
rsm;\rdbaqGrsdK;rsm;? apwem&SiftvSL&Sifrsm;? zdwfMum;xm;ol
rsm; pkpkaygif; 1000 ausmfwufa&mufMuaMumif;od&onf/

18

CRIME

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg ?

rl;,pfaq;pGJa0'em&Sifrsm;ukd uav;NrdKY e,f'kd;EG,faus;&GmwGifaq;0g;ukoay;


v0ef;csKd
uav; ar 11
ppfuidk ;f wkid ;f a'oBu;D uav;
jrdKUe,f';kd EG,af us;&GmwGif rl;,pf
aq;pGaJ 0'em&Sirf sm;twGuf aq;
0g;ukojcif;vkyif ef;rsm;ukd &GmOD;
ausmif; q&mawmfbk&m;MuD;\
pnf;k;H rIjzifh a'owGi;f wm0ef&dS
olrsm;yl;aygif;um rl;,pfaq;
okH;pGJolrsm;twGuf ,m,Daq;
jzwfpcef;zGiyhf t
JG crf;tem;uk,
d ck
v 9 &ufwGif &GmOD;bkef;awmf
BuD;ausmif;usif;yonf/
]]rl;,pfaq;ok;H pGNJ y;D aq;0g;
ukorIc,
H El kid zf kUd pm&if;ay;xm;
wmu 35 a,muf&Sdygw,f/
'DaeUrmS aq;jzwfwo
hJ l a,musmf ; q&mawmfBuD;urdefUMum;onf/
]]uav;ckdif &JwyfzGJUESifh
av; 23 a,mufeJU rdef;uav;
av;a,mufvmNyD; aq;0g;uko yl;aygif;tzGJUwkdUu 2015 ckESpf
rIc,
H yl gw,f}}[k &GmOD;ausmif; twGi;f rl;,pfaq;0g;zrf;qD;&rd

rIrSmbdef;jzL 25 rI? bdef; 16rI?


pdwf<uaq;jym;ESpfrI? ql'kdtuf
zD'&if;wpfr?I cwfykw
H pfrw
I kUd ukd
zrf;qD;ta&;,lEkdifcJhNyD; usm;

]]EkdifiHawmftaeeJU rl;,pf
aq;0g;ok;H pGrJ yI aysmufa&;twGuf
aq;0g;ukowJh vkyfief;awGukd
xdxda&mufa&muf aqmif&Guf
Ekid zf Ukd rl;,pfaq;0g;qefUusiaf &;
toif;rsm;ukd w&m;0ifzGJUpnf;
aqmif&u
G v
f su&f ydS gw,f/uav;
ckid t
f aeeJU 2013 ckEpS f ZGev
f rS
pwifNyD; taumiftxnfazmf
aqmif&GufcJh&mrSm ESpfESpfjynfh
ajrmufcJhNyDjzpfygw,f}}/
]]'DaeUvJ ta&SUpnf;tkypf k
eJUwifom;tkyfpkrSm&SdwJh rl;,pf
aq;pGaJ 0'em&Siaf wGtwGuaf q;
jzwfoGm;EkdifzkdUukd aq;0g;awG
ukoay;r,f/ pdwfusef;rma&;
f t
J m;upm;awGjyK vkyf
w&m;cH 72 OD;ESifhrw&m;cH 11 twGuv
OD;wdku
Y kd zrf;qD;ta&;,l Ekid cf yhJ g Ekdifatmif pDpOfaqmif&Gufay;
w,f}}[kckid &f w
J yfzUJG rLS ;'kw,
d
xm;ygw,f}}[k ckid pf rD cH efUcrJG I
&JrLS ;Bu;D wifaZmfxeG ;f uajymonf/ aumfrwDOu| OD;armifxl;u

armfvNrdKifNrdKUwGifrdkbdkif;vfppfaq;a&;tzJG Y
w&m;r0ifpufoH;k qDESifhEmG ;rsm;zrf;rd
EdkifEdkif(rGef)
armfvNrdKif ar 11
armfvNrdKifNrdKUe,f&w
J yfzrYGJ LS ;
&JrLS ;atmifjrifOh ;D pD;onfh armfv
NrdKifNrdKeY ,f rdkbkdi;f vfppfaq;a&;
tzJGUonf ,ckv 6&uf n10
em&DcefYwGif armfvNrdKifNrdKUuRJjcH
uke;f &yfuu
G [
f oFmt0dki;f teD;
armfawmf,mOfrsm;tm; ppfaq;
&S m azG a epOf pufrI Z k e f b uf r S
armfvNrdKifNrdKUbufoku
Yd sKd ufra&m
NrdKU bmbluke;f &yfuu
G af e ,mOf
armif;xGef;xGef;0if;(c) &Sm;BuD;
touf(21)ESpf (b)OD;0if;Edkif
armif;ESif ,mOfaemufvdkuf
aZ,smrif;touf(38)ESpf (b)
OD;vSjrifhvdkufygvmonfh 9X^
..... axmf v m*sD , mOf t m;
wm;qD;ppfaq;cJh&m ,mOfay:
wGiw
f &m;r0ifwifaqmifvmonfh
"mwfqyD yD g15vHk; (wpfyyD gvQif
"mwfqD *gvef 50 cefYygSd
pkpkaygif;*gvef 750cef)Y umv
wef;zdk;usyfodef; 1950000udk
&SmazGawGU&o
dS rd ;f qnf;&rdcahJ Mumif;
od&onf/jzpfpOfESifhywfouf
,ckv 7&uf rGef;vGJ 12em&D
10rdepfwiG Nf rdKifom,me,fajr &J
pcef;rSxeG ;f xGe;f 0if; (c)&Sm;BuD;
ESifh aZ,smrif;wdkYESpfOD;tay:
(y)47 ^2015? ta&;BuD;ukef
pnfEiS hf 0efaqmifrOI ya'yk'rf 5
t&trIzGifhta&;,laqmif&Guf
xm;aMumif;od&onf/tvm;wl
tqdkygtzJUG onf ,ckv 7 &uf
eHeuf 7em&DcJGwGif armfvNrdKif
NrdKUbufrS pufrIZkefbufodkY
usd K uf r a&mNrd K Y e ,f w&em
aus;&Gmae ,mOfarmif; Anm;

touf ( 30)? (b)OD ; bvd I i f


armif;ESif usdKufra&mNrdKYe,f?
oHuavmifaus;&Gmae EGm;ydki&f iS f
rif;armifaqmif; touf (41)
ESpf (b)OD;tpGwf vdkufygvm
onfh5u^ 8601 [dkif;vwf
trsdK;tpm;tjzLa&mif,mOftm;
[oFmt0dkif;teD; wm;qD;ppf
aq;cJh&m ,mOfay:wGif w&m;

r0ifwifaqmifvmonfh tvsm;
ajcmuf a y? tjrif h av;ay
ok H ; vuf r cef Y & S d jymjzLa&mif
EGm;xD;wpfaumifESifh tvsm;
ig;ay ajcmufvufrcefY? tjrifh
av;aycefY&Sd tjzLa&mif EGm;r
wpfaumif pkpkaygif; EGm;ESpf
aumif (cefYrSef;wefzdk; usyf
1500000cefY)udk &SmazGawGU&Sd

odrf;qnf;&rdcJhaMumif; od&
onf/ jzpfpOfESif hywfouf
eHeuf10em&D 10rdepfwGif NrdKif
om,me,fajr&Jpcef;rS Anm;
ESirhf if;armifaqmif;wdEYk pS Of ;D tay:
(y)48^2015? ta&;BuD; ukef
pnfEiS 0hf efaqmifrOI ya' yk'rf 5
t& trIzGifhta&;,laqmif&Guf
xm;aMumif;od&onf/

ig;zrf;onfhbufx&Da&SmhcfESifh qufpyfypnf;rsm;zrf;rd
aZmfrif;Edkif(jrif;jcH)
jrif;jcH ar 11
rEav;wdki;f a'oBuD;jris;f jcH
NrdKUe,f'g;uRef;aus;&Gm teD;
{&m0wDjrpfEiS jhf rpfaxmifah uGUtif;
Mum;wGif bufx&Da&Smhcfjzifh
ig;zrf;aeolrsm;udk ,ckv 4
&uf nae 3em&D 45 rdepfu
oGm;a&mufzrf;qD;cJah Mumif;od&
onf/
{&m0wDjrpfESifh jrpfaxmifh
auGUtif;Mum;wGif avSig;pif;?

vl10OD;jzifh bufx&Da&SmcY w
f ku
d f
ig;zrf;qD;aeolrsm;&SdaMumif;
od&&dS ojzifh ig;vkyif ef;OD;pD;Xme
cdkifOD;pD;rSL; OD;aomfxGef;OD;ESifh
'g;uRef;aus;&GmrS a&vkyfief;
vkyfudkifolrsm; yl;aygif;yg0if
aomtzGJUonf bufx&Da&Smhcf
wdkufig;zrf;onfhae&modkY puf
avSjzifo
h mG ;a&mufNyD; zrf;qD;&m
a&Smch w
f u
kd if g;zrf;olrsm;uavmuf
av;cGrsm;jzifhypfcwf xGuf
ajy;Muonf/ xdkokdx
Y u
G fajy;&m

wGif 14 awmift&Snf&Sd puf


avSEpS pf if;? KENBO trsK;d tpm;
tif*sipf uf wpfv;kH ? a*:wH0g;
&Spaf csmif;wdku
Y kd odr;f qD;&rdcNhJ yD;
bufx&Da&Smhcfwdkufig;zrf;ol
10OD;onf pufavSoHk;pif;jzifh
xGuaf jy;vGwaf jrmufomG ;aMumif;
od&onf/

tcrf;tem;wGifajymMum;onf/
rl;,pfaq;pGaJ &m*ga0'em&Sif
rsm; aq;0g;ukorIcH,laepOf
umvtwGif; vkdtyfonfrsm;
tokH;jyKEkdif&eftwGuf NrdKUe,f
taxmuftuljyKaumfrwDOu|
OD;oef;xGe;f u tvSLaiGusyw
f pf
odef;? tvSL&Sif OD;0if;armifu
aiGusyEf pS o
f ed ;f ? NrdKUrNd rdKUzOD;nDnD
u tvSLaiGusyf 50000 ?
NrdKUe,fpDrHcefUcGJrIaumfrwDOu|
OD;a0vGifNzdK;u tvSLaiGusyf
50000?rif;Bu;D [kw
d ,frOS ;D atmif
rif;ua&oefUb;l 600bl;?NrdKUe,f
Oya't&m&Sdu tvSLaiGusyf
50000? UNODC rS tvSLaiG
usyf 50000 ESihf ckid ^f NrdKUe,f
rl;,pfaq;0g;qefUusiaf &;toif;
utvSLaiGusyf 40000 wkdUukd
vSL'gef;cJhaMumif;od&onf/

rusD;yifuGif;aus;&Gmewfa&uefteD;
awGYaomppfusefAHk;oD;o,f,lpOfaygufuGJ
wpfOD;aoqHk;wpfOD;'Pf&m&
ref;ausmf
t*Fyl ar 11
t*FylNrdKUe,fcHkBuD;aus;&Gm tkyfpk rusD;yifuGif;aus;&Gmydkif
oJjzLacsmif;txuf ewfa&uef teD; rJZvDuke;f &Jpcef; taemuf
buf 22rdkicf efU GQ200805wGif ,ckv 9&uf rGe;f wnfh 12em&D
wGif ppfuseAf k;H oD;aygufu
JG vlEpS Of ;D 'Pf&m&&Sad Mumif; owif;
t&rJZvDuke;f pcef;rSL; &Jtky&f aJ usmo
f l OD;aqmifaom wyfzUJG 0if
rsm;uoGm;a&mufppfaq;cJhonf/
xkdokdYppfaq;&mwGifcHkBuD;aus;&Gmtkyfpkanmifyifom&Gmae
armifausmEf kid (f b)OD;pdk;wifeh iS hf cHkBuD;aus;&Gm tkypf ku'l;ayguf&mG
aearmifrsKd ;aZmfO;D (b)OD;pdk;[efwkUd onf awmxJokUd "m;aoG;ausmuf
wl;&mrS "m;aoG;cHkacsmif;txufawmxJrSppfusefAHk;oD;wpfvHk;
awGU&
dS &Gmodo
kY ,f,v
l mpOfewfa&uefteD;wGif ycHk;ay:rS AHk;oD;
jyKwfusaygufu&JG mausmEf kid rf mS 0J^,majcaxmuf 'l;atmufykid ;f
aMurG'Pf&m&&SNd yD; rsKd ;aZmfO;D wGif ezl;yGe;f yJ'h Pf&mESpcf su?f ,m
rsuEf mS yGe;f yJ'h Pf&mig;csu?f 0Jyg;jyifyeG ;f yJ'h Pf&mESpcf su?f ,majc
cHkyeG ;f 'Pf&mESpcf su?f rpdk;&dr&f 'Pf&mrsm;&&SNd yD; ausmEf kdirf mS uGi;f
aumufaq;HkwGifaq;ukorIcH,laepOf &&Sdaom 'Pf&mjzifh
aoqHk;oGm;aMumif;ESihf rJZvDuke;f pcef;rSL;u aorIaocif;trSwf
3^2015t&ta&;,laqmif&Gufxm;aMumif;od&onf/

r[matmifajrNrdKY e,fwGif rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm;zrf;rd


ausmfrif;aomf(rEav;)
rEav; ar 11
,ckv8&uf eHeuf 9em&Du
&Jtkyaf usmcf if(rl;,pfwyfpk-19)
ESit
hf zGUJ onf rEav;r[matmif
ajrNrdKUe,f r[mNrdKif(c)&yfuu
G f
63-64Mum;? 39-40Mum;? tdrf
trSwf ('-11^14)ae odef;Edkif
(c)rmcspt
f ef(53)ESpf aetdrt
f m;
rl;,pfaq;0g;owif;t& ouf
aorsm;ESit
hf wl 0ifa&muf&mS azG
cJhaMumif;od&onf/

4if;tm; aetdrt
f rd af &SUxkid cf kH
ay:wGifawGU&dS&NyD;? 4if;xkdifcHk
teD; ajrBuD;twGif;rS qyfjym
cGut
f wGi;f yvwfpwpftw
d jf zifh
xkyv
f suf bde;f jzLrIeUf tav;csed f
70*&rfcefUygqyfjymcGuf ajcmuf
cGuf? yvwfpwpfaumfbl;jzifh
xnfhvsub
f ed ;f jzLrIeUf tav;csed f
1'or1*&rfcefU pkpkaygif;bde;f
jzLrIefU 71'or18*&rf(wefzdk;
tm;jzifh 4977000usyf)tm;
odrf;qnf;&rd odef;Edkif(c)rm

cspt
f rftm; ppfar;&m odr;f qnf;
&rdbdef;jzLrsm;tm; oli,fcsif;
jzpfol rmwl;(pHkprf;qJ)zGUJ prf;&Gm
uGwcf kid Nf rdKUe,faeolxrH S 0,f,l
cJah Mumif; od& &Jtkyaf usmcf if
u w&m;vdkjyKvky
f ode;f Edki(f c)
rmcspftrfESifhrmwl;wkdYtm; NrdKUr
&Jpcef;(r[matmifajr)u rl;,pf
(y)8^2015? rl;^pdwyf k'rf -15^
19(u) 21t& trIziG Nhf yD; rmwl;
tm; zrf;qD;&rda&; aqmif&Guf
vsuf&dSaMumif;od&onf/

MINISTRY 19

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfAdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvdIif
Lok Virsa National Heritage Museum

MunfhIavh vm

&rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f vQyfppfrD;vif;a&;zGifhyGJ rsm;


trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOu|wufa&muftm;ay;
aejynfawmf ar 11
ygupwef orwEdkifiHwGif
cspMf unfa&;c&D;a&muf&adS eaom
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf
Adkvcf sKyfrLS ;BuD;rif;atmifviId Ef iS hf
tzGUJ onf ,ckv 9 &uf a'opH
awmfcsdef nae 4 em&DcGJwGif
tpvmrfrmbwfNrdKU&dS Lok Virsa
National Heritage Museum

okaYd &muf&MdS uNyD; jywdkut


f wGi;f
vSnv
hf nfMunhf aI vhvmMuonf/
tqdkyg Lok Virsa National
Heritage Museum onf ygup
wefEkdiif \
H tBuD;qHk;aom ,Of
aus;rIqkid &f mjywdkuw
f pfckjzpfNyD;
ygupwefEkid if t
H wGi;f trsK;d rsK;d
uGJjym;jcm;em;onhf vlaerIyHkpH
jycef;? ajrtdk; ajrcGufjycef;?

*DwESifh txnftvdyfjycef;?
csnfxnfyef;xdk;jycef;? vuf
0wf &wemjycef;? kyfyGm;awmf
ESihf kyyf kHum;csyjf ycef;? Edkiif aH q;
a&;yef;csjD ycef;? t*Fawtwwf
ynmjycef;? owKxnfjycef;?
azmif;<uyHkESdyfjycef; ponfjzifh
u@rsK;d pHkpmG cif;usi;f jyoxm;
aMumif; od&onf/

AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvdIifESifUtzGJY
ygupweftpvmrfrpforwEdkifiHrS
qm;AD;,m;EdkifiHodkhqufvufxGufcGm
aejynfawmf ar 11
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD;rif;atmifvdIifESifhtzGJUonf ,ckv 9 &ufa'o
pHawmfcsed f n 9 em&D 25 rdepfwiG f tpvmrfrmbwfNrdKUrS avaMumif;c&D;jzifx
h u
G cf mG Mu&m ,refaeYu
a'opHawmfcsed f eHeuf 6 em&DwiG f qm;AD;,m;Edkiif H bJv*f &dwNf rdKU Nikola Tesla avqdyo
f kdY a&muf&MdS u
onf/ wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfESifhtzGJUudk qm;AD;,m;EdkifiHumuG,fa&;0efBuD;XmerS State
Secretary H.E. Mr. Zoran Dordevic? BrigGen.S. Joksimovic? qm;AD;,m;EdkifiHqdkif&m jrefrmoH
trwfBuD; OD;aZmfxeG ;f ESiZhf eD;?oHrLS ;BuD; OD;atmifausmrf kd;ESiw
hf m0ef&o
dS lrsm;u BudKqdkEw
I q
f ufMuonf/

aejynfawmf ar 11
&rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f NrdKUe,f
vHk;uRwfvQyfppfrD;vif;a&;pDrH
csuf aus;&Gmudk,fxludk,fx
vQyfppfrD;vif;a&;zGifhyGJtcrf;
tem;rsm;udk ,refaeY eHeufyikd ;f u
usif;y&m trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
Ou| OD;cifatmifjrifw
h ufa&muf
tm;ay;cJhonf/
a&S;OD;pGm &rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f
MuHyifaus;&Gm udk,fxludk,fx
vQyfppfr;D vif;a&; qdki;f bkwu
f kd
MuHyifausmif;wdkufq&mawmf
OD;0drv? trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
Ou| OD;cifatmifjrihf? jynfolY
vTwaf wmfukd,pf m;vS,f OD;bdke?D
x&efpazmfrmtvSL&Sif OD;armif
atmifwdku
Y zJBuKd ;jzwfziG v
hf pS af y;
MuNyD; trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOu|
u rD;vif;a&;qdki;f bkwu
f kd puf
cvkwfESdyfzGifhvSpfay;cJhonf/
&rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f NrdKUe,f
vHk;uRwf vQyfppfr;D vif;a&;pDrH
csufjzifh aqmif&GufcJh&mwGif
aus;&Gmaygif; 246 &Gmteuf
aus;&Gm 158 &GmodkY vQyfppf

pufrI0efBuD;Xmejynfaxmifpk0efMuD;
trSwf (11)tBuD;pm;pufHkESifUaq;0g;pufHkMunfUIppfaq;
aejynfawmf ar 11
pufrI0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
OD;armifjrifo
h nf Xmeqkid &f mwm0ef&o
dS rl sm;
ESifhtwl ,refaeYeHeuf 8 em&DcJGu &efukef
wkdif;a'oBuD; r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f&Sd trSwf
(11)tBuD;pm;pufk(H &efuke)f okUd oGm;a&muf
MunfhIppfaq;onf/
a&S;OD;pGm trSwf(11)tBuD;pm;pufkH
pufkHrSL;OD;rsKd;csKdupufkHwGif aqmif&Guf
vsuf&Sdonfh ukefwifarmfawmf,mOfxkwf
vkyrf I pDru
H ed ;f ESiphf yfvsO;f jyD; tvkyf krH sm;t
vkduf pufrsm;wyfqifNyD;pD;rIESifh prf;oyf
aqmif&u
G rf t
I ajctae? pufko
H v
Ykd kyif ef;tyf
ESHaqmif&GufrnfhukrPDrsm;\ xkwfvkyfrI
tqkjd yKcsurf sm;udk jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tm;
&Sif;vif;wifjyonf/
xkaYd emufjynfaxmifpk0efBuD;u ukew
f if

armfawmf,mOfxkwfvkyfrIpDrHudef;udk Zlvkdif
vwGif zGiv
hf pS Ef kid af &;twGuf BudKwifaqmif
&Gux
f m;&ef? jyifyyk*v
u
d rsm;rS vkyif ef;tyf
ESHvmaom tyfukefrsm;udk rl&if;xkwfvkyfrI
vkyif ef;rsm;ukrd xdcu
kd af pbJ pepfwuscjGJ cm;
aqmif&Guf&efvkdtyfaMumif;? pufrI0efBuD;
Xmetaejzifh Industry PolicyESihf Automobile Policy rsm; ay:xGef;vmapa&;twGuf
oufqdkif&mtzJGYtpnf;rsm;ESifh yl;aygif;
aqmif&u
G v
f su&f adS Mumif;?tqkyd g Policyrsm;
jy|mef;NyD;ygu jynfwGif;jynfy&if;ESD;jrKyfESH
rIrsm;ukd ykrd kq
d aGJ qmifvmEkid rf nfjzpfaMumif;?
pufkHtaejzifh xkwu
f kerf sm;udk xkwv
f ky&f m
wGif tpdwt
f ykid ;f tvku
d f t&nftaoG;jrifrh m;
apa&;twGuW
f orkmanship aumif;rGeaf tmif
*kpkdufaqmif&Guf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? jyify
vkyfief; tyfxkwfukefrsm;xkwfvkyf&mwGif

vnf; rdrdwkdY\pufHktusKd;pD;yGm;omru
0efxrf;rsm;\ t&nftaoG;vkyfief;cGif
tawGUtMuHKrsm;jzifhHuman Resource jrifh
rm;vmapa&;twGuf OD;wnfaqmif&u
G o
f mG ;
&rnfjzpfaMumif; vrf;nTefrSmMum;onf/
,if;aemufjynfaxmifp0k efBu;D ESihf wm0ef
&So
d rl sm;onf puft
kH wGi;f ukew
f ifarmfawmf
,mOfxw
k v
f yk rf pI rD u
H ed ;f wGiyf g0ifonfh Chassis Frame xkwv
f kyaf &;tvkyf kHEiS hf Assembly tvky
f rkH sm;&Sd pufrsm;prf;oyfvnfywfrI
tajctaersm;udk vSnfhvnfMunfhIonf/
qufvuf jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;onf
tif;pdeNf rKd Ue,f&dS jrefrmhaq;0g;vkyif ef;?aq;0g;
pufo
kH o
Ydk mG ;a&muf&m pufrHk LS ;ESiw
hf m0ef&Sdol
rsm;u a>rqdyfajzaq;pufHkwnfaqmuf
NyD;pD;rItajctaersm;ESifh pufkHvnfywfrI
tajctaersm;ukd &Sif;vif;wifjyonf/

rD;vif;a&;twGuf pDpOfaqmif
&Gufay;EdkifcJhNyD; if;wdkYteuf
aus;&Gm 53 &GmodkY "mwftm;
vdkif;rSwpfqifh vQyfppfrD;oG,f
wef;ay;Edkicf ahJ Mumif; od&onf/
zGifhyGJtNyD;wGif trsKd;om;
vTwfawmfOu|onf MuHyif
aus;&Gm omoeygvausmif;
q&mawmfb'E0rd vtm; zl;ajrmf
MunfndK vSLzG,f0wKypnf;
rsm; qufuyfvSL'gef;cJhonf/
xdt
kY wl trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf
Ou| OD;cifatmifjrifo
h nf xef;
awmaus;&Gm udk,fxludk,fx
vQyfppfrD;vif;a&;qdkif;bkwfudk
xef;awmausmif;wdkuq
f &mawmf
OD;ynmomrd? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
udk,fpm;vS,f OD;bdkeD? aus;&Gm
rD;vif;a&;aumfrwDOu| OD;jrifh
armifEiS t
hf wl zJBudK;jzwfziG v
hf pS f
ay;NyD; rD;vif;a&;qdkif;bkwfudk
pufcvkwfESdyfzGifhvSpfay;onf/
xdkYaemuf trsKd;om;vTwf
awmfOu|onf acsmif;cGaus;&Gm
udk,x
f u
l kd,x
f vQyfppfr;D vif;
a&;qdki;f bkwu
f kd acsmif;cGaus;&Gm
q&mawmf OD;aum0d'? 'kwd,
wdki;f a'oBuD; vQyfppfrLS ; OD;pdef
0if;jrihf? aus;&G mrD;vif;a&;
aumfrwDOu|OD;oef;cifEiS t
hf wl
zJBudK;jzwfziG v
hf pS af y;NyD; rD;vif;
a&;qdki;f bkwu
f kd pufcvkwEf ydS f
zGifhvSpfay;onf/
,if;aemuf &rnf;oif;NrdKU
e,f NrdKUe,fvkH;uRwf vQyfppfr;D
vif;a&;pDrcH suf aus;&Gmudk,x
f l
udk,x
f vQyfppfr;D vif;a&;zGiyhf JG
atmifyGJudk uefatmufaus;&Gm
&wemomoemhAdrmefausmif;
usi;f y&m q&mawmf pEmoD&u
d
tEkarm'empum;ajymMum;onf/
quf v uf trsKd ; om;
vTwaf wmfOu|u vQyfppf"mwf
tm;udk vQypf ;D vufjcif;rSwpfqifh
&SmazGo&d cdS ahJ Mumif;?vQyfppf"mwf
tm;udk tusKd;&SdpGmtoHk;cszdkY
twGuf vlom;rsm;uwDxiG Mf uq
H
cJNh yD; vlom;tusK;d jyKpGr;f tifjzpf
atmifxkwv
f kycf ahJ Mumif;?vQyfppf

qdkonfrmS vlom;rsm;udk tusK;d


jyKouJ h o d k Y t E & m,f v nf ; &S d
aMumif;?vQypf pf"mwftm;&&So
d nfh
twGuf pufrIvufrIukefxkwf
vkyif ef;rsm; zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufvmNyD;
aps;EIe;f csKo
d mpGmjzifh xkwv
f kyEf kid f
onft
h jyif tvkyo
f rm;ESit
hf vkyf
tudkit
f cGit
hf vrf;rsm;udk zefw;D
ay;EdkifcJhaMumif;? vQyfppfrD;&&Sd
ygu wefzdk;&Sdonfh pGrf;tifudk
tusK;d &Spd mG toHk;jyKEdkif &efvkt
d yf
NyD; acRwmoHk;pG&J efvkt
d yfaMumif;?
&&So
d nfh vQyfppftay:rSmrlwnf
NyD; rdrdwdkY\ pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
rsm;udk wdk;csUJ vkyu
f kdi&f ef vkt
d yf
aMumif;&Si;f vif;ajymMum;onf/
xd k Y a emuf acsmif ; cG a wm
ausmif;ESihf ayawmuke;f bke;f awmf
BuD;ausmif;rsm;odkYoGm;a&muf
q&mawmf oHCmawmfrsm;tm;
zl;ajrmfMunfndKNyD; vSLzG,f0wK
ypnf;rsm; vSL'gef;cJhonf/
rGef;vGJydkif;wGif &rnf;oif;
NrdKUe,fvk;H qdki&f m trsK;d bmom
omoem xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smuf
a&; oHCmawmfrsm;tzGUJ u BuD;
rSL;usif;yonfh wwd,tBudrf
ajrmuf Ak'b
mom,Ofaus;vdrm
pmar;yG J u sif ; yaerI u d k oG m ;
a&mufMunfhItm;ay;NyD;aemuf
enf;ynmwuov
kd (f &rnf;oif;)
ESio
hf moemhArd mefwkdw
Y iG f usi;f y
onfh rlvwef;tqifh Ak'b
mom
,Ofaus;vdrm pmar;yGo
J kYd tajccH
ynmrlvwef;tqifah usmif;om;
ausmif;olrsm;udk Munfh t
I m;ay;
cJhonf/
tqdyk g ,Ofaus;vdrm pmar;
yGJ ,ckv 9 &ufrS 10 &uf
txdusi;f ycJNh yD; rlvwef;tqifh
wGif ajzqdkol 4969 OD;ESifh
tv,fwef;tqifw
h iG f ajzqdkol
1422 OD;0ifa&mufajzqdNk y;D trsK;d
om;vTwaf wmfOu|rS rlvwef;
tqifw
h iG f qk&&So
d o
l k;H OD;twGuf
aiGusyo
f kH;ode;f ESihf tv,fwef;
tqifw
h iG f qk&&So
d o
l k;H OD;twGuf
aiGusyfav;odef;cGJ qkcsD;jrifh&ef
ay;tyfvSL'gef;cJhonf/

20

UPPER MYANMAR

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

2015jynfaxmifpk\tcGeftaumufqdkif&m &Sif;vif;

atmifajrompHjrdKU e,fOykoaf wmf&yfuu


G w
f iG f
&wem"rArd mefyEuw
f if r*Fvmusif;y
oD[udkudk(rEav;)
rEav; ar 11
rEav;NrdKUS atmifajrompH
NrdKUe,f Oykoaf wmf&yfuu
G f r[m
acrdum&mropfqrd w
hf ku
d &f wem
ausmif;opfausmif; ausmif;xdkif
q&mawmfb'Ey@dpESifh q&m
awmf? oHCmawmfrsm;\ Mo0g'
udkcH,l ausmif;tusKd;awmf
aqmiftzGJUOu|OD;atmifrif;?
'kw,
d Ou|OD;ode;f atmif? twGi;f
a&;rSL;OD;jrifo
h ed ;f wdkU yg0ifzUJG pnf;

xm;onft
h usK;d awmfaqmiftzGUJ
rS &wem"rArd mefawmfukd tvsm;
75ay? teH 54 ay? ESpfxyfoH
uluGefu&pftaqmufttkHjzifh
usyfodef; 1000 tukeftuscH
trsm;pkaygif;aumif;rIjzifh
wnfaqmufrnfjzpfonf/
&wem"rAdrmefyEufawmf
wifwGif;awmf0efr*Fvmtcrf;
tem;udk ,ckv 9&uf eHeuf
6em&D c G J w G i f tqd k y gausmif ;
wdku0f if;twGi;f usi;f y&mrwnf

tvSL&SifrEav;wdkif;a'oBuD;
tpdk;&tzGJU vlrIa&;0efBuD;Xme
0efBuD;a'gufwm0if;vIid u
f yEuf
awmfwifay;cJhonf/ &wem"r
Adrmefawmf tjrefqkH;jyD;ajrmuf
atmifjrifEkdiaf &;twGuv
f LS 'gef;
vdkaom apwem&Sifjynfolrsm;
taejzifh OD;odef;atmif(jrefrmrI
r@yf)zkef;09-2011470 ESifh
OD;jrifhodef;(ynma&;)zkef;09402602914wdko
Y kq
dY ufo,
G v
f LS
'gef;EdkifaMumif; od&onf/

rdk;ewfom;(rdk;nif;)
rdk;nif; ar 11
ucsifjynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJU0if b@ma&;
0efBuD; OD;nGefUatmifonf ,ckv 7 &ufu
ucsifjynfe,f rdk;nif;cdkif rdk;nif;NrdKUe,f
rdk;nif;NrdKU pdrf;vJh&wemcef;r 2015ckESpf
jynfaxmifpk\tcGeftaumufqkdif&m&Sif;vif;
yGJtcrf;tem;udk usif;yonf/
tcrf ; tem;wG i f ucsif j ynf e ,f t pd k ; &
tzGJU0ifb@ma&;0efBuD;OD;nGefUatmifu tcGef
ay;aqmifjcif;onf EdkifiHom;wkdif;\arG;&myg
wm0efjzpfNyD; Edkiif w
H umwdkw
Y iG f tcGe0f ifaiGjzifh
Edkiif aH wmf\zGUH NzdK;wk;d wufa&;udk wnfaqmuf&
aMumif;?tcGeu
f kdwm0efoo
d jd zifx
h rf;aqmifaom
EdkifiHom;rsm;jym;vmap&ef tcGefynmay;vkyf

a&G;aumufyGJqkdif&mvkHjcKHa&;todynmay;

qifhyGm;oifwef;(2^2015)zGifh
pdk;ausmfolaxG;(rw&m)
rw&m ar 11
rEav;wkid ;f a'oBuD; jyifO;D
vGifcdkif rw&mNrdKUe,fwGif
2015ckESpf a&G;aumufyGJqdkif&m
vkHjcKHa&;todynmay;qifhyGm;
oifwef;zGiyhf (JG 2^2015)udk ,ck

ppfudkif;wGifrdk;oufavjyif;usa&mufNyD; opfyiftjrpfrSuRwfxGuf

vQyfppfr;D BudK;? w,fvz


D e
k ;f BudK;rsm;jywfus
udkudkEkdif(jrif;rl)
ppfudkif; ar 11
,ckv 8 &uf n 11
em&DrS n 11em&D rdepf 20 txd
avjyif;wdkufcwfrIaMumifh ppf
udkif;NrdKU ausmufqpf&yfuGuf
wyfr(33)teD;&dS 'DyuF&"mwf
aygif;pkapwDtwGif;&dS &wem
C&a&TpHtdrf taemufbuf&dS
t&Snf 10 rDwm&dS "mwfwkdicf g;
jywfusc?hJ teD;&dS (10ay_15ay)
ywf v nf ES p f c ef ; wG J a qmuf
vufp{nfeh m;ae aqmifacgifrkd;
&dSoGyf 15 csyfvGifhjyKwfuscJhNyD;
teD;&dS 15ay t&Sn&f Sd uGeu
f &pf
"mwfwkdif cg;usK;d uscphJ kpkaygif;
qHk;IH;rIwefzdk; usyfESpfodef;cefY?
tqdkyg 'DyuF& "mwfaygif;pk
apwDbk&m;0if;awmifbufuyf
vsu&f aSd om OD;wdk;touf (38)
ESpf(b)OD;0ufBuD;aps;a&mif;ydkif
qdkifaom 10 ay ESpfcef;ywf
vnf oGyfrdk;x&Hum aetdrf&dS
oGyf 30 csyjf yKwfviG chf NhJ yD; acgif
rdk;wef;rsm; jyKwfuscJhqHk;IH;rI
wefzkd;usyEf pS o
f ed f;cGcJ efjY zpfonf
ppfudkif;NrdKU NrdKUopf&yfuGuf&dS
r&dScPapwDawmfBuD;\ xD;

awmfta&SUbufodkY (70) 'D*&D


auG;oGm;cJ?h yg&rD &yfuu
G &f pSd nf;
cHkBuD;bk&m;ta&SUbuft0ifrkcf
wHcg;jyKwfxGufoGm;cJh? aZ,sm
&yfuGufopf&dS uGefu&pfzkef;
"mwfwkdiEf pS w
f kdiu
f sK;d usysupf ;D cJh
onf/ ppfudkif;NrdKUjyLuHaus;&Gm
cdkif v0uOD;pD;rSL;Hk;&dS (4ay_
6ay )&dt
S kwf uRwfav;jym;usK;d
uscJhojzifh Hk;cef;twGif;&dS uGef
ysLwmESpfvHk;? y&ifwmESpfvHk;?
uD;bkwfESpfckysufpD;cJhNyD; qHk;IH;
rIwefzkd;rSm aiGusyf 18 ode;f cefY

jzpfonf/<u,fvl;aus;&Gmbkef;
BuD ; ausmif ; aqmif b H k o k H ; qif h
NydKusc
hJ qHk;H;I rIwefzkd;rSmaiGusyf
oHk;ode;f cG?J aZ,smuGuo
f pfwiG f
vQyfppfrD;wdkifopfom;wdkifESpf
wdkiu
f eG u
f &pfwpfwkdiaf ygif;oHk;
wdkifvJusysufpD;cJh? xlygHkvrf;
xJ&dSrefusnf;yiftjrpfrS uRwf
xGuNf yD;vrf;bufokv
dY u
J sojzifh
tkww
f w
H kdi;f oHk;cef;NydKusysupf ;D
NyD;vQyfppfrD;BudK;rsm;? w,fvD
zke;f BudK;rsm;? jyKwfusjcif;? ae&m
awmfawmfrsm;wGif opfukdi;f rsm;

ief;udkpOfqufrjywfus,fus,fjyefUjyefYaqmif
&Guf&efvdktyfaMumif; &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/
qufvuf ucsifjynfe,f tcGefOD;pD;rSL;
nTeMf um;a&;rSL; OD;atmif0if;u tcGeOf ya'jyif
qifjy|mef;csufrsm;? csif;jynfe,fwGifvnf;
aumif;? jrefrmEdkifiHvHk;wGifvnf;aumif;tcGef
Oya'udk enf;rsK;d pHkjzifah &Smifwrd ;f aeonfv
h kyif ef;
&Siftrsm; tjym;&dSaomfvnf; Oya't& ta&;
,lc&H olr&daS o;aMumif; &Si;f vif;aqG;aEG;wifjy
oGm;onf/
tcrf;tem;odkYcdkif^NrdKUe,ftqifhwm0ef&dS
Xmeqkid &f mrsm;? Edkiif aH &;ygwDtoD;oD;rSwm0ef
&dS ygwDudk,fpm;vS,frsm;? NrdKUrdNrdKUz &yf^aus;
wm0ef&dSolrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm; pkpk
aygif; 700ausmw
f ufa&mufaMumif; od&onf/

v9&uf eHeuf9em&Dcu
JG rw&m
Nrd K Ue,f &J p cef ; 0if ; twG i f ; &S d
tpnf;ta0;cef;raqmifusi;f y
&m rw&mNrdKUe,f a&G;aumuf
yGJaumfr&SifOu| OD;ausmf
ausmfu vkHjcKHa&;qkdif&mrsm;ESifh
qEraJ y;cGi&hf o
dS pl m&if;rsm;udk ZGef
v 1&ufwiG f pwifaMunmoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif;jzifh tzGifhtrSm
pum;ajymMum;cJhonf/
oifwef;zGiyhf u
JG kd a&G;aumuf
yGJaumfr&SifOu|OD;ausmfausmf?
rw&mNrdKUe,f pDrHcefYcGJa&;aumf

rwDOu| NrdKUe,ftkycf sKyfa&;rSL;


OD;atmifaqGjrif?h NrdKUe,f&w
J yfzUJG
rSL; &JrSL;nDnD? NrdKUe,fpDrHcefYcGJ
a&;aumfrwD0ifrsm;? NrdKUe,f
Oya't&m&SEd iS zhf w
d Mf um;xm;ol
rsm;? rw&mNrdKUe,f&w
J yfzUJG vuf
atmuf&Sd &Jpcef;rsm;rS pcef;rSL;
rsm;? t&m&Sdrsm;? oifwef;enf;
jyrsm;ES i f h oif w ef ; om;rsm;
wufa&mufcMhJ uonf/ oifwef;
umvrSm ,ckv 9&ufrS 13
&uftxd oifMum;ydkYcsoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

usKd;usjcif;? vrf;ay:usKd;us
onfo
h pfukdi;f rsm;tm; &Si;f vif;
ckwx
f iG jf cif;rsm;tcsed ef w
YJ pfajy;
nD vkyfaqmifMuNyD; vQyfppfrD;
rsm; tjrefqkH;jyefvnfay;Edki&f ef
vQyfppf0efxrf;rsm; aqmif&Guf
aeonfudkjrifawGUae&onf/
tvm;wl tr&yl&NrdKUe,f
ppfudkif;-rEav;toGm;vrf;?
tjyefvrf; 0J^,m&dSopfyifBuD;
i,frsm;usKd;usjcif;rsm;aMumifh
vrf;ydwq
f kdY,mOf aMumusycf
hJ
c&D;aESmifah ES;cJ&h aMumif;od&onf/

NrdKifNrdKUe,fwGifavjyif;wkdufcwf vlaetdrf? pmoifausmif;aqmif?bkef;BuD;ausmif;NydKvJ


trdk;vefysufpD;cJhNyD; aus;&Gmrsm;&Sdqdwfrsm;opfyifydaoqkH;
ausmfaZ,s(rauG;)
NrdKif ar 11
rauG;wkid ;f a'oBuD; yckuLcdkiNf rdKifNrdKUe,ftwGi;f
,ckv 8 &uf n 11 em&Dcu
JG vlaetdrrf sm;NydKusjcif;
txd avjyif;rsm;wkdufcwfcJhrIaMumifh NrdKifNrdKUe,f
twGi;f &Sd aus;&Gmav;&GmwGif vlaetdrrf sm;NydKusjcif;?
trdk;vefjcif;ESihfaus;&Gm&Sdqdwfrsm; aoqkH;rIjzpfyGm;

cJhaMumif;od&onf/
xkdjzpfyGm;rIrsm;wGifNrdKifNrdKUe,f&Sd yef;awmfjyif
aus;&GmwGif vlaetdrcf kepfvk;H NydKvJjcif;ESib
fh ke;f awmf
BuD;ausmif;wpfausmif;ESihfvlaetdrf 52 vkH;trdk;vef
ysupf ;D cJNh yD; qk;H I;H rIwefzk;d usyf 16132000 cefjY zpfNyD;
bkef;BuD;uefaus;&GmwGiftxu (cGJ)ausmif;aqmif
wpfaqmif? rlBudKausmif;aqmifwpfaqmifEiS fh pufb;D

xm;aqmifwpfaqmifwdkY trkd;vefysufpD;cJhNyD; wefzkd;


aiGusyf 155000 cefU? at;csrf;ompHjyaus;&GmwGif
vlaetdrf 27 vkH; trdk;vefysufp;D cJhNyD; qHk;I;H rIwefzkd;
usyf 1720000? aX;atmifaus;&GmwGif aetdrif g;vHk;
trdk;vefysufpD;? qdwf 16 aumifrSm opfyifydao
qkH;cJhNyD; qkH;IH;rIwefzkd; 1496000 cefYjzpfaMumif;
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;\ppfaq;csufrsm; t&od&onf/

FEATURE 21

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

&efukeNf rdKU A[ef;NrdKUe,f ZD0w


d 'geoHCmhaq;HkBuD;wnf&Scd JhonfrSm ,ckv 8 &ufqkdvQif ESpaf ygif; (75) ESpMf umjrifhcJhNyDjzpfonf/
pde&f wkwkid cf JhNyDjzpfonfh jrefrmEkid if H\ yxrOD;qHk;aom ZD0w
d 'geaq;HkBuD;vnf;jzpf&m pde&f wktxdr;f trSwt
f crf;tem;rsm;jyKvky&f ef pDpOfvsuf
&Sad Mumif;awGU&onf/

atm&rf;? armifrsKd;
aq;HkBuD;jzpfwnfrItp
ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;HkBuD;udk 1940
jynfEh pS f ar 8 &uf jrefrmrsK;d cspyf *k Kd vf
rsm;jzpfonfh OD;bat;(tNidr;f pm;ta&;
ydkif)ESifh a'gufwmbOD;(EkdifiHawmf
orwa[mif;)wdkY rdwfaqGoif;yif;
wpfpkrS pwifwnfaxmifcJhMuonf/
,if;tcsdefu aq;HkBuD;onf ,ck
ae&m r[kwaf o;/A[ef;NrdKUe,fMum;
awm&vrf;&Sd Z&yftrSwf 73 (,ck
a&cJpufae&m)udk lyD; 3000 jzifh
0,f,lum zGifhvSpfcJhonf/ ZD0dw'ge
aq;HkBuD;[kyif trnfrwGiEf kid af o;
ay/ ukokdvjf zpfaq;cef;[kom vlod
rsm;avonf/aq;Hkwnfaxmif&mwGif
ly;D 500 txdxnf0h if vSL'gef;olrsm;
&SNd yD; xdkyrmPrSm ,if;tcsed u
f pD;yGm;
a&;tifrwefawmifw
h if;rSom xnf0h if
Ekid af Mumif; avhvmrSwfom;&onf/
]]tJ't
D csed rf mS [dEL tcrJah q;cef;?
rGwpf vifbmomtcrJh aq;cef;qdkwm
awG&adS eNyD/ ArmAk'b
momawGtwGuf
tcrJ h a q;cef ; qd k w m r&S d a o;bl ; /
'gaMumifh OD;bat;? a'gufwmbOD;
wdkYvdk yk*Kd vfawGupkaygif;NyD; 'gudk
vkyfMur,fqdkNyD; wnfaxmifcJhMu
wm}}[k vuf & S d ZD 0 d w 'geoH C mh
aq;HBk u;D Ou| OD;armifarmifu ajymjy
onf/
aq;HkBuD;onf ,if;tcsed u
f ZD0w
d
'geaq;Hk[komac:wGiaf vonf/
aq;Hkrv
l aqmifyk'\
f &nf&,
G cf suf
rSmvnf;]]vlrsK;d ra&G;?bmomra&G;? tqifh
twef;ra&G;vmvmorQ rusef;rmol
*Dvme yk*dKvf[loa&GUudk tcrJhprf;
oyfuko aq;0g;vSL'gef;&ef}}[l
jzpfayonf/
]]tJ'w
D ek ;f u ArmvlrsK;d xJrmS M.B.
k pf if& L.M.P
B.S q&m0efr&Sad o;bl;/vdi
yJ&w
Sd ,f/ b,fvdkumuG,fvJqkdawmh
M.B.,B.S vdk cGJpdwfukocGifhr&Sd bl;/
ukocGifhvdkifpif&OD;zdk;az? OD;bcufeJY
[dEL vlrsK;d q&m0efEpS Of ;D jzpfwhJ a'gufwm
vm;eJY a'gufwm&m;wdkY av;OD;uyJ
wm0ef,lukoay;cJh&ygw,f}} [k
OD;armifarmifu aq;HkBuD;rlvtp
0efxrf;tiftm;tajctaeudk ajymjy
onf/
aq;Hka&&SnfwnfwHha&;
OD;bat;ESifh a'gufwmbOD;wdkY
onf ZD0dw'geaq;Hkaq;cef;av;ukd
wnfaxmifNyD;aemuf a&&SnfwnfwHh
&eftwGuf pDrcH efcY rJG aI umif;pGm vdktyf
onf [ k oH k ; oyf r d u m ZD 0 d w 'ge
toif;udk zGUJ pnf;cJah vonf/ rlvtp
wGif toif;om; 57 OD;yg&Sdum
OD;bat;u Ou|? a'gufwmbOD;u
'kw,
d Ou|tjzpf wm0ef,cl o
hJ nf/
toif;om;owfrw
S &f m ly;D 500
(od)kY ,if;wefzk;d &Syd pn;f vSL'gef;olrsm;
udk &moufyeftoif;om;? lyD; 100

pde&
f wkwi
kd cf w
hJ .hJ ..ZD0w
d 'ge

oHCmhaq;HkBuD;

ZD0dw'geoHCmhaq;kH\ jyifyvlemXmeudkawGU&pOf/
f
vSL'gef;olrsm;udk yifrtoif;om;? 12 (om0w d a qmif ) ud k aqmuf w ,f /
lyD;vSL'gef;olrsm;udk omreftoif; yxrqHk;taqmufttHkrkdYvkdY 'gukdckxd
om;? vkyftm;vSL'gef;aom toif; rzsufbl;}}[k OD;armifarmifu ZD0dw
om;rsm;udk 0efaqmifrt
I oif;om;[l 'geaq;Hk jyefvnfwnfaqmufcJhykHukd
owfrw
S cf ahJ vonf/aq;Hkwnfaxmif &Sif;vif;ajymjyonf/
onf&h ufrS 1941 txd aq;HkzGifh
,if;aq;HktaqmufttHkukd wnf
&ufrSm 288 &uf&SdcJhNyD; wpfaeYvQif aqmufqJ 1952 ckEpS f rwfv ZD0w
d
ysr;f rQvel m 59 a,mufukd ZD0w
d 'gejyK 'getoif;Ou| a'gufwmbOD;onf
vkyaf y;Edkicf o
hJ nf/
Ekid if aH wmforwtjzpfwifajrmufccH &hJ
xdkYaemuf 'kwd,urmppfBuD;us NyD; ZD0w
d 'geaq;HkrmS vnf; 25 ckwif
a&mufvmcsdefwGif aq;ypnf;rsm;udk qHh aq;HkjzpfvmcJhonf/,if;aemuf
odk0Sufum ZD0dw'geaq;cef;udk ydwf 1957 ckESpfwGif rlvajrESiw
hf pfquf
vdkuf&avawmhonf/
wnf;jzpfaeonfh ajr 1'or25{uukd
aq;HkBuD;udk 'kwd,tBudrfjyefvnf 0,f,cl u
h J m taqmufttHkrsm;ukd wk;d csUJ
toufoGif;jcif;
cJo
h nf/OD;zk;d aysmrh mS jrif;yGt
J oif;'gku
d f
'kw,
d urmppftNyD; *syefqkwcf mG wmjzpfonhftwGuf wpfEpS v
f Qif usyf
NyD;aemuf 1948 ckESpfwGif ZD0dw'ge 12000 vSL'gef;NyD; ,if;yrmPrSm
aq;Hkudk jyefvnftoufoGif;zGifhvSpf ,aeY a cwf usyf o d e f ; 120 ru
Edki&f ef ZD0w
d 'getoif;0ifrsm;taejzifh wefaMu;&SdaMumif; OD;armifarmifu
jyefvnfBudK;yrf;cJMh uavonf/ ,if; qko
d nf/
tcsd e f w G i f OD;bat;rSm uG , f v G e f aq;HktcuftcJusa&mufvmjcif;
NyD;jzpf a'gufwmbOD;rSm Ou|
1962 ckESpf awmfvSefa&;tpkd;&
wm0ef,cl NhJ y;D a&Tw*d b
kH &k m;vlBuD; jrif;yGJ wufvmcsed w
f iG f jrif;yGrJ sm;ukyd w
d o
f rd ;f
'gdkuw
f m OD;aysmu
h Ou|wm0ef,cl hJ vku
d o
f nf/ ,if;twGujf rif;yGrJ sm;rS&&Sd
avonf/
onfhvSL'gef;aiGrsm;r&&SdawmhbJ tcg
yxrqHk;aq;cef;av;uae aq;Hk tm;avsmfpGm&&Sdaeonfh vSL'gef;aiG
aqmufcsiaf wmh ajrae&mvdku&f mS w,f/ rsm;vnf;avsmu
h somG ;um aq;Hkquf
tvSLaiGvdkuf&Smw,f/ tvSLaiGusyf vuf&yfwnfa&; tcuftcJtusyf
udk;aomif;avmuf&NyD; ajrae&mvdkuf twnf;umvwpfckukd a&muf&cdS o
hJ nf/
&Smawmh yxrqHk;awGUwm ckae&myJ/ ,if;twGuf awmfvSefa&;tpkd;&udk
'orckepf{uyJ&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dajrudk pma&;wifjy&m tpk;d &rSvma&mufMunhf I
1951 rSm0,fwm/ b,favmufay; cJhNyD; vwfwavmaq;ypnf;ud&d,m
&vJqkad wmh usyw
f pfaomif;ckepfaxmif rsm;0,f,l&ef aiGusyf 50000ESifh
yJ ay;&w,f/ 0,fNyD;ygvmwJhtdrf wpf E S p f v Qif axmuf y H h a Mu; usyf
a[mif;BuD;udkzsuNf yD; 'DtaqmufttHk 70000 wkdYukday;tyfcJhojzifh vwfw

"mwfyHk-aeZmrsKd;aqG

avm ajyvnfrI&cJhonf/ okdYaomf


1969 ckEpS w
f iG f axmufyahH iGay;tyfrI
&yf q k d i f ; vk d u f o nh f t wG u f tBuD ;
us,q
f kH;aom tcuftcJukd xyfr&H yf
qkdif;cJh&onf/
]]0efxrf;awGukd em;vnfrI,lNyD;
vpmawGjzwf&wJhtxd aq;0,fzkdY
tcuftcJ&cdS w
hJ ,f}}[k OD;armifarmif
u ajymonf/

Mum;cJhonf/
ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;Hktrnfay;jcif;
1972 ckESpfwGif q&mawmfrsm;
tzGUJ csKyu
f aq;Hak &&Snw
f nfwNh Hy;D tvSL
aiG&&Sda&;twGuf ZD0dw'geaq;Hkukd
]ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;Hk}[ktrnfajymif;
vJrSnfhwGifoifhaMumif; Mo0g'ay;&m
tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;uvnf; oabm
wlNyD; xkdESpf rwf 30 wGif ZD0dw'ge
oHCmhaq;HkBuD;[k ajymif;vJac:wGicf hJ
onf/
aq;HkBuD;xl;jcm;rI
ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;HkBuD;\ jzwf
oef;rIwiG f xl;jcm;csurf mS oDv&Siv
f el m
aqmif wpfoD;wpfoefYaqmufvkyf
xm;jcif;jzpfonf/,if;aq;Hw
k pfaqmif
vH;k ukd trsK;d orD;0efxrf;rsm;om ceft
Y yf
xm;&Sdonf/
]]jrefrmEkid if &H UJ b,faq;HkrmS rqkd
oDv&SifawG[m a&maESmNyD; wuf&
w,f/ 'DrSmvJ 'grsKd;&Sdygw,f}}[k
OD;armifarmifu qkdonf/
vuf&Sdvkyfaqmifay;aerIrsm;
ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;HBku;D onf vuf&d S
wGif ckwif200 aq;HkBuD;jzpfaeNyDjzpf
um oHCmawmftyg; 130? oDv&Sif
tyg; 50? vlyk*dKvftrsKd;om; 10OD;?
trsK;d orD; 10OD;wku
Yd kd ukoay;vsu&f dS
onf/
]]wpfjym;rSay;p&mrvkb
d ;l /tm;vH;k
tcrJhyJ/ q&mawmfawG? oDv&SifawG
qkd&if tkPfqGrf;? aeUqGrf;? naeukd
tat;uyfw,f/vmuk&ifapmif?jcif
axmif?acgif;tHk;bmrSrvkb
d ;l /'Dtwkid ;f
wufkyH /J a&m*gaysmufuif;vkYd jyefp&m
vrf;p&dwrf &S&d ifvJ p&dwaf y;w,f}}[k
OD;armifarmifu vuf&t
dS ajctaeukd
&Sif;jyonf/
ZD0dw'geoHCmh aq;HkBuD;onf
vkyftm;vSLonfhq&m0ef 156 OD;?
ceft
Y yfq&m0ef 0efxrf;pkpkaygif; 33
OD;wkdYjzifh Muyfrwfuko ay;vsu&f dS
onf/ ,ck 2015 ckESpfxJwGifvnf;
MopaMw;vsEikd if EH iS yhf ;l aygif;um 2012
ckESpfuwnf;u jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonfh
rsufpdtwGif;wdrftcrJh cGJpdwaf y;jcif;
tpDtpOfukdvnf;jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/
pdef&wktpDtpOf
ZD0w
d 'geoHCmhaq;HBk u;D \ ,ckv
8 &ufwGif usa&mufcJhonfh pdef&wk
txdrf;trSwt
f jzpf wufa&mufuko
aeonfh oHCmawmf? oDv&Sirf sm;tm;
txl;qGr;f uyfrnfjzpfaMumif;?0efxrf;
rsm;tm;vHk;ukv
d nf; aeYv,fpm rsuEf mS
pHknaD uR;arG;rnfjzpfum oufom&efykH
aiGxJrS wpfO;D vQif aiGusyf 15000
cs;D jrio
hf mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;? em,u
oHCmawmfq&mawmfBuD;rsm;ukd yifh
zdwfumMo0g'rsm;cH,loGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; OD;armifarmifuajymMum;oGm;
cJhonf/
ZD 0 dw'geoH Cmhaq;HkBuD;onf
Ekid if aH wmfESifhjynfolUtusKd;jyKvkyfief;
rsm;ukd jynfwGif;jynfy apwem&Sif
rsm;ESiyhf ;l aygif;aqmif&u
G cf ahJ omaMumifh
2014 ckEpS f ar 3 &ufwiG f Ekid if aH wmf
orwu vlraI &;tusK;d jyK taumif;
qHk; vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;tjzpf txl;
*kPfxl;aqmifqkcsD;jrifhjcif;cH&onf/

}}

ZD0dw'ge
oHCmhaq;HkBuD;onf
vuf&SdwGif ckwif200 aq;HkBuD;
jzpfaeNyDjzpf um
oHCmawmftyg; 130
oDv&Sif tyg; 50
vlyk*dKvftrsKd;om; 10OD;
trsKd;orD; 10OD;wkdYukd
ukoay;vsuf&Sd onf/

]]tJ'DtcsdefrSm ausmif;xkdifq&m
awmf tzGUJ csKyfqw
kd m&Sw
d ,f/ q&mawmf
awGukd avQmufxm;wJhtcgrSm q&m
awmfawGu tvSL&SifawGzdwfac:wJh
tpnf;ta0;wpf&yfvkyw
f ,f/owif;
pmawGrSmxnhf?tvSL&SifawG zdwfac:
w,f/ tJ'v
D ked YJ ausmv
f mT ;Ekid cf w
hJ ,f}}
[k OD;armifarmifu qufvufajym

22

CURRENT

pm-12 aps;wGufjzifh rS

arT;uJhodkY qefaumif;trsdK;tpm;rsm;
tm;vkH; olYyrmPESihfwufMuonf/
aps;wufa&Smifrnfholr&Sd/aemufqkH;
qefaumif;aps;wufrpm;Edkiv
f Qif qef
trsdK;tpm;ajymif;vJpm;Muvdrhfrnf/
xrif;iwfaeEdkifrnhfol wpfa,mufrS
r&So
d jzihf wufaps;ay;om 0,f,pl m;
okH;&rnfomjzpfonf/ qefuJhodkY ukef
pnfrsdK;udk vpmwdk;& ,cifokH;eyf
pm;ae&mrS av;?ig;eyfwdk;pm;&ef0,f
rnfr[kw/f tcdkut
f weY0f ,f,rl rI sm;
aps;wufEkdio
f nhw
f kdif tcsed u
f mvcP
omjzpfrnf/
0ifaiGwdk;vQif 0,fvdktm;usqif;
wwfonhf ukefnHhrsm;&Sdonfudkvnf;
owd j yKpOf ; pm;Munh f E d k i f a o;onf /
vpmwdk;0ifaiGwdk;ygu qefaumif;
rsm;0,f,lolrsm;vmEdkifNyD; qefMurf;?
qefnHhrsm;0,f,lrIavsmhoGm;Edkif xdk
qefMurf;trsKd ;tpm;rsm; aps;EIe;f usyif
usvmEdkirf nf[kxifp&m&So
d nf/ xdkqef
trsKd ;tpm;rsm; jrihw
f ufp&mtaMumif;
vk;H vk;H udkr&S/d vufawGUwiG f tajctae
uajymif;jyef qefnq
hH efMurf;awGvnf;
aps;wufaeonf/tb,faMumihfenf;/
vpmwdk; qefaumif;rsm;aps;twuf
Murf;NyD; rwwfEdkifMuonhfolrsm;u
qefMurf;qefnahH wG ydkrkd0,f,v
l maom
aMumihaf vm?/pOf;pm;p&mawGu trsm;
om;jzpf\/ qefukefpnfwpfckudkyif
udk;um; aps;EIef;wuf&jcif;ESihfywf
oufNyD;udk;um;ajym&vQif r[mbGUJ usr;f
pmwpftkyfjzpfoGm;Edkifonf/
,ckajymaeonfrmS vpmwd;k jri cfh pH m;
&onhfta&twGuf 2 &mcdkifEIef;0ef;
usi&f dS tpdk;&0efxrf;rsm;ESiyfh wfouf
ompOf;pm;rdjcif;jzpfonf/ ,cktcsdef
wGif wdkuq
f kdipf mG jzihf useaf omyk*v
u
d
u@rStvkyo
f rm;rsm;?Edkiif w
H pf0ef;vk;H
&So
d rl sm;ESiphf m;ok;H olrsm;uyg 0,fvkt
d m;
twif;wdk;jriv
fh maeaomaMumihaf vm/
taMumif; &Smaps;EIef;wufwwfonhf
jrefrmhp;D yGm;a&;taqmufttkx
H t
J wGi;f
aps;EIe;f rsm;jrihw
f ufapEdik o
f nht
f aMumif;
rsm; &SmMunhfygu wpfaMumif;r[kwf
wpfaMumif; usdef;aoawGU&rnfom/
wu,fyifjrefrmhp;D yGm;a&;taqmufttkH
xJ tcsdefESihftrQaps;EIef;wuf&rnhf
taMumif;&Smaeolrsm;&Sdaeonf/ aps;
EIe;f wufEkdio
f nht
f aMumif;rsm;uvnf;
wpfckr[kwf wpfck&adS eojzihf tjrwf
udkomtmku
H s aps;EIe;f wufcsiaf eol
rsm;twGuf vkyf&udkif&[efcsufnD
acsmarGUaeawmhonf/ ,ckwdkif rarh
Edkifaom aps;EIef;jrihfwufvmapaom
tcsuw
f pfcsuu
f kd odvku
d &f onhjf zpf&yf
wpfckuvnf;&Sdao;onf/ tcsdefu
odyfawmhrMumao;ay/vGefcJhaomwpf
ESpfausmfausmfu &efukefqifajczkH;&yf
uGuw
f pfck&dS rke[
fY if;cg;qdkiw
f iG f MuHKcJ&h
aomtjzpftysufwpfckom/
xdkqkid w
f iG 0f ,fpm;aeus rke[
fY if;cg;
wpfyGJtvGwf250?yJaMumfwpfckxnhf
ygu300jzpfonf/odyrf MumrD tvGwf
300jzpfvmNyD; yJaMumfESihfwpfyGJ 350

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015)t*Fg ?


jzpfvmonf/ xdkYodkY 350 ESihf 0,fpm;
aeus ESpv
f ceYt
f MumwGif 400jzpfomG ;
ojzihpf ma&;olutHMh owBuD;ar;rdonf/
aps;onftrsdK;orD;u aiGtrf;&onhf
tcuftcJaMumihaf ps;EIe;f wuf&aMumif;
ajymjyonf/ 0,folu usoihfonhf
350twGuf 400 ay;onht
f cg aiG50
jyeftrf;&onht
f cg 'kuj zpfonf/ 50
wef&mS ;yg;onht
f cuftcJonf taMumf
ygrke[
fY if;cg;wpfyJG 400 jzpfomG ;onf/
ol\tajzu taMumif;tusKd ;avsmn
f D
onf/ 4if;wdkt
Y wGuf ydkuq
f v
H nf;ydk&?
aiGtrf;&onhf tcuftcJvnf;ajyvnf?
tqifajyoGm;\/ pm;okH;oltzdkYrSmrl
jyeftrf;aiGapmih&f onhf jyemat;oGm;
aomfvnf; ESpfvokH;vtwGif; 300
rS400jzpf?aps;wufomG ;jcif;udk cHvku
d &f
awmhonf/taMumfxnhf rkeYf[if;cg;
wpfy0JG ,fpm;wdki;f wpfckusyf 50 wef
yJaMumfwpfckonf aiGusyf 100 jzpfomG ;
NyD; yJaMumfaps;EIe;f 100 &mcdkiEf eI ;f aps;
wufjcif;udkc&H jcif;jzpfonf/ ,ckuo
hJ kYd
ta~uG&mS ;yg;rIaMumihf aps;EIe;f wufjcif;
jzpf&yfrsm;udk tdr&f iS rf wdkY aeYpOfEiS t
fh rQ
aps;MuHKawGUaecJNh yD;jzpfonf/ xdkoakYd eY
pOfESihftrQ MuHKawGUae&aomfvnf; aiG
ta~uG&Sm;yg;rIonf tajccHpm;ukef?
vlokH;ukefrsm; aps;EIef;jrihfwufrIwGif
t"duusaomtaMumif;wpfcsujf zpfae
onfudk aiGaMu;tmPmydkifrsm;rSp
jynfov
l x
l ktqk;H vltrsm;pkowdrxm;
rdcMhJ u/ owdxm;rdygonf[kqkdcyhJ gu
vnf; oufqkid &f mwm0ef&o
dS w
l rkYd mS xdxd
a&mufa&mufajz&Si;f ay;&eftpDtpOfr&Sd
cJ?h pdwu
f ;l r&Scd o
hJ nfrmS aocsmonfa&mif;
0,frw
I iG f 0,fou
l aiGta~uGay;Edkirf ?I
a&mif;olu aiGta~uGjyeftrf;EdkifrI
rvG,u
f ?l racsmarGUc?hJ tcuftcJrsm;pGm&Sd
aeonfrmS Mumjrihcf NhJ yD/ ,cifumvrsm;
uA[dkbPfuaiGta~uGpuL&Sm;yg;rI
udk ajz&Sif;ay;rIrsm;&SdcJhonf[kod&
aomfvnf; ,ckaemufykid ;f rMum;&awmh/
aiGpuLao;(aiGpuLta~uG)&Sm;yg;ae
rIonfvnf; pm;okH;ukef? vlokH;ukef
aps;EIe;f rsm;jrihw
f ufjcif;udk wGe;f tm;ay;
aeaom t"dutaMumif;wpfckjzpfae
onfukd xdktajctaeoufaojycJo
h nf/
rnfolwdkYu rnfodkYaps;EIef;rsm;
pwifjrihfwifaeoenf;/vufum;0,f
,lokad vSmifjzeYjf zL;aeaom ukeo
f nfBuD;
rsm;ESiv
fh nf;ywfoufEkid o
f nf/ olwu
kYd kd
em;csapcsio
f nf/ ynmay;apcsio
f nf/
[dk;,cifuuJhodkY aps;a&mif;aps;0,f?
aiGtrf;&vG,u
f al ponhaf iGpuLtao;
rsm;(aiGta~uGaphrsm;odkrY [kwf rjzpfEkdif
ao;ygu 10 wef? 20 wef? 50wefaiG
puLtwefao;rsm;)udkrsm;rsm;pm;pm;
jyefvnfxkwaf 0apcsio
f nf/,ckqkv
d Qif
ig;q,fwefyifvQif &Sm;yg;onfudk
MuHKae&onf/(tjcm;aomEdkiif rH sm;wGif
vnf; aiGta~uGvJvS,frItwGuf vkH
avmufaomaiGta~uGaphrsm;jzihf a&mif;
0,fvsu&f o
dS nfukdvnf; avhvmowd
jyKrdapcsio
f nf/) ,cifu ukeaf ps;EIe;f
wufvQif o,f,lydkYaqmifcaps;BuD;
aomaMumihf[k taMumif;ay;onfudk

oCFef;uRef; a&G;aumufyGJqkdif&mvHkjcHKa&;todynmay;qifUyGm;oifwef;zGih f
wifMunf(oCFef;uRef;)
&efukef ar 11
2015ck a&G;aumufyq
JG kid &f mvkjH cHKa&;todynmay;qifyh mG ;oifwef;trSwpf Of(1^2015)zGiyhf t
JG crf;tem;udk ,ckv 9&uf
eHeuf 9 em&DcGJu oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJU oCFef;uRef;NrdKUr&Jpcef; oifwef;cef;rusif;y&m tcrf;tem;odkY NrdKUe,f
&JwyfzGJUrSL;&JrSL;oufxGef;?NrdKUe,fa&G;aumufyGJaumfr&SiftzGJUcGJOu| OD;atmifausmf[def;? tzGJU0ifOD;xGef;at;? OD;aX;jrifh?
NrdKUe,fwm0efco
H wif;axmufO;D wifMunfEiS rhf 'D ,
D mrsm;? oifwef;om;oifwef;olwyfzUJG 0if 50wdkY wufa&mufcMhJ uonf/
a&S;OD;pGm NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUrSL;&JrSL;oufxGef;u a&G;aumufyGJqkdif&mvkHjcHKa&;ESifhywfouf tzGifhtrSmpum;ajymMum;NyD;
aumfr&Sit
f zGUJ cOJG u| OD;atmifausm[
f ed ;f u a&G;aumufyq
JG ikd &f mrsm;udk &Si;f vif;trSmpum;ajymMum;onf/ tqdkygoifwef;
udk ,ckv 9 &uf rS 13 &uftxd ydkYcsoGm;rnfjzpfonf/
ausmzHk; rdk;^Zv rS
vufawGUokyfjyavhusirhf Irsm; jyKvkyf
ay;vsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/
]]t"duuawmh yifv,furf;ajc
rSm&SdwJha&awGu taemufudkqkwfus
oGm;w,faygh/ tay:udkwufrvmbJeYJ
urf;ajcaemufbufudk qkwfusoGm;
wm? vIdif;rvmcifrSm tm;,lvdkufwJh
oabmaygh/ tJ'DvdkrsKd;vuPmawG&Sd
wwfygw,f}}[k rdk;av0oynm&Sif

a'gufwmxGef;vGifuajymonf/ rD;
awmifwpfv;kH aygufurJG nfqykd guqlemrD
ivsijf zpf&ef tiftm;&pfcsw
f mpau; 7
txufjzifh a&atmufA[dkcsuf&Sdaom
ivsifjzpf&efvdktyfNyD; a&rsufESmjyif
atmufuDvd krDwm 80 twGif;ES i f h
txufatmuf a'gifvdkufta&GUjzifh
wkefcgvIyfrSom tE&m,f&SdaMumif;?
tqdkygrD;awmifrmS 1787 ckEpS rf S 2006
ckESpftwGif; &SpfBudrfaygufuGJcJhNyD;

ausmzHk; Nidrf;csrf;a&; rS
EdkifiHa&;ygwD 64 ck wufa&mufcJhMuonf/ aqG;aEG;yGJtNyD;wGif tcsuf(6)
ygaMunmcsuw
f pfapmifukx
d kwjf yefcNhJ yD; xdktcsuf (6)csuw
f iG f Nidr;f csr;f a&;
ESit
fh rsK;d om;jyefvnfoifjh rwfa&;qdki&f mndE iId ;f a&;tzGUJ zUJG pnf;&ef tpnf;ta0;
wufa&mufolrsm;u oabmwlonf[kyg&Sdonf/
vnf;owd&rdonf/ o,f,yl kdaY qmifc
aps;BuD;&jcif;rSm pufokH;qD?'DZ,f?
"mwfqaD ps;BuD;aomaMumih[
f kqkdonf/
,ckpufo;kH qDrsm;ae&mwdki;f wGio
f ihw
f ihf
aomaps;EIef;jzihf vGwfvyfpGmtvG,f
wul0,f,laeEdkifonf/ xdkxuf ydk
taMumif;oihv
f monfrmS ,ckumvrsm;
twGif; EdkifiHwumaps;uGufrsm;wGif
pufokH;qDaps;EIef;rsm;usqif;aeonf/
xdkYaMumihpf ufok;H qDaps;BuD;jcif;tcsuf
udk vufnKd ;rxdk;awmhbJ 0efxrf;vpm
wdk;onfukdom vufnKd ;wGiw
f iG x
f kd;ae
jcif;jzpfawmhonf/ tu,f vpm
wdk;jriho
f nhu
f pd r &Sb
d J pufo;kH qDrsm;aps;
wufcyhJ guvnf; pufok;H qDaps;udkaps;
EI e f ; wuf p &mtaMumif ; w&m;tjzpf
qifajcay; tajccHukefpnfaps;EIef;
wdkYudkjrihf pm;okH;olwdkYudk tEdkifusifh
ayOD;rnf/
ynmygaom tdkif'D,mtawG;
tac:rsm;?oDtkd&rD sm;xuf omreft&yf
om;aps;onf wpfa,mufESihfpum;
vufqu
kH s&if; jrefrmhp;D yGm;a&;taqmuf
ttkHtwGif; jzpfvmEdkifajcrsm;aom
tajccHpm;aomufukefrsm;aps;EIef;rsm;
usqif;ap&ef tajccHususpOf;pm;
wwf o nh f aps;onf w pf a ,muf \
wGucf suyf krH sm;udkawG;rd&if; atmufyg
tcsufrsm;pOf;pm;rdvmonf/
]aiGta~ut
G vG,w
f ulvv
J ,
S Ef ikd rf nhf
aiGpuLt&G,fao;rsm;(ig;usyfwef?
10wef? 20wef? 50wef ) ydkrkdxkwaf 0
apcsifonf/} (EdkifiHwumpufokH;
qDaps;usaecsdefwGif t&ef0,f,lodk
avSmifxm;NyD;)jynfwGif; pufokH;qD

aps;EIe;f rsm;wufEkid o
f nhf t&dyt
f a,mif
rsm;&Sdvmygu aygufaps;xufavsmh
a&mif;csay;jcif;?(,ckuo
hJ kdY wpfae&mrS
wpfae&modkY o,f,lydkYaqmifa&mif;cs
ae&aom)aeYpOfpm;aomufukef? rD;zdk
acsmifok;H uke?f vlok;H ukerf sm; aps;wuf
vmEdkio
f nht
f ajctae&Sv
d myguvnf;
pufokH;qDaps;EIef;rsm; jrihfwufrIr&Sd
ao;onhw
f kid ;f jynfwiG f aygufaps;xuf
avQmh a&mif;csay;jcif;tm;jzihf ukef
aps;EIef;udk jrihfwif&efwmplaeonhf
ta&mif;orm;rsm;t&Sed o
f wfomG ;Edik o
f nf/
]tajccHpm;aomufukex
f kwv
f kyo
f l
rsm;udkvkyx
f k;H vkyef nf;rsm;ajzavQmhay;
jcif;?enf;ynm? acs;aiGyyhH kd;ay;jcif;rsm;
ydkrdkjyKvkyfay;apcsifonf/ (txuf
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS tm;ay;jcif;? ajz
avQmhay;jcif;rsm;jyKvkyaf y;aeonhw
f kdif
atmufajc&St
d rd w
f iG ;f rIvkyif ef;i,fav;
rsm;? tao;pm;ukefxkwfvkyfrIrsm;?
jzeYfjzL;a&mif;csol vufvDqdkifrsm;?
aps;onfrsm; rnfokdt
Y cuftcJrsm;&Sad e
onf?t[eYt
f wm;rsm; &ifqdkiaf eonf
ponfjzihf tajctaersm;rSefrSefuef
uefo&d adS pa&;?ta&;,lajz&Si;f ay;Edik af &;
twGuf vGwv
f yfpmG ppfwrf;aumuf,l
rIrsm;jyKvkyf pkHprf;owif;&,loihf
onf/ tcuftcJrsm;&SdcJhvQif jrefjref
qefqefxdxda&mufa&muf ajz&Sif;ay;
oihfonf/
]]wpfEkid if v
H ;kH &Sd pufrv
I ufrv
I kyif ef;
&Sifrsm;? ukefonfBuD;trsm;pkyg0ifum
ukeo
f ,
G rf ?I xkwv
f yk rf ?I oGi;f ukeyf u
Ykd ek u
f pd
t00udk vTrf;jcHKEdkifvsufzGJUpnf;xm;
aom (UMFCCI ) tzGJUBuD;uvnf;

2006 ckESpfwGif aemufqHk;aygufuGJcJh


aMumif;? jrefrmhurf;dk;wef;a'orsm;
twGuf BuD;rm;aomrnfonft
h E&m,f
rQr&SdcJhaMumif;ajymMum;onf/
tqdkygrD;awmifonf {NyD 22&ufrS
28&uftwGif; rD;cdk;jymrsm;xGuf&SdcJh
aMumif; owif;rsm;xGufay:aeNyD; xdk
uJhodkY rD;awmifaygufuGJcJhygu jrefrmh
urf;d;k wef;a'orsm;wGiq
f el mrDtE&m,f
&SEd kdiaf Mumif; jrefrmEdkiif aH jrivsiaf umf
rwDro
S wday;csux
f kwjf yefco
hJ nf/Volcano Discovery tzGJU\okawoeazmf
xkwcf sut
f &4if;rD;awmifonf 20052006ckESpftwGif; aygufuGJrIjzpfyGm;
cJhojzifh 2015 ckEpS f ,ckv 27 &uf
wGif xyfraH ygufuGJEdkifaMumif;owif;
xkwfjyefxm;onf/
0dkif;0ef;ulnDtm;xkwfay;oihfonf/
jynfwiG ;f Edkiif aH &;?pD;yGm;a&;?aiGa&;
aMu;a&;tajctaetenf;i,fvyI o
f nf
ESihfaps;EIef;wuf&rnf? aps;EIef;wuf
vdrrfh nf[k a&mif;olrsm;omru? 0,fol
rsm;xHwGif&Sdaewwfaom tpGJtvrf;
qefqefpw
d u
f ;l ?tawG;wdu
kY kd azsmufzsuf
Edkifa&; enf;vrf;&SmMuHpOf;pm;rdonf/
pD;yGm;a&;oDtkd&rD sm;ESit
fh vSr;f a0;aom
omrefaps;onf wpfa,mufpOf;pm;
wGucf suo
f uJo
h kdY dk;dk;pif;pif;?tajccH
ususpOf;pm; tajz&SmMunhfvQifyif
tenf;ESihftrsm;taxmuftuljyKEdkif
rnhef nf;vrf;rsm;udkawGUEkdiaf yvdrrfh nf/
vufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfEkdicf yhJ gu
tajccHpm;aomufukerf sm; aps;EIe;f wpfp
wpfpjrihw
f ufaerIukd odoo
d momxde;f
odr;f xm;Edkipf rG ;f vdrrfh nf[k ,kMH unfae
rdonf/
(pm<uif;/ vufvaD ps;uGut
f wGi;f
ukefypnf;rsm; aps;EIef;wufonhftcg
wpfusy?f ESpu
f sy?f 10? 20 ydkrwufbJ
50? 100 txdydkrdkjrihfwufvsuf&Sdae
onf/ tu,f 50 wef&mS ;yg;cJv
h Qif
aps;wufygu 50 ydkwufrnfr[kwf
awmhbJ 100? 200 ponfjzihf jrihw
f uf
vmvdrhfrnfrSmaocsm\/ ta<utrf;
Edkifonhf wefzdk;ao;aiGpuL&Sm;yg;rI
jyemonf tajccHpm;aomufukef
vufvt
D a&mif;aps;onfrsm; vuf&&dS if
qdkiaf e&aom jyemBuD;jzpfNyD; pm;ok;H
olrsm;MuHKawGUae&onhf aps;EIef;jrihf
wufaponhf t"dutaMumif;&if;
wpf&yfvnf;jzpfonf)

SPORTS 23

? twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

,refaeYyJGpOf&v'frsm;
y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyGJpOf(36)
refpD;wD; 6 - 0 usLyDtm
csv
J q
f ;D 1 - 1 vDAmyl;

vD*l;-1yGJpOf(36)
vef;pf 0 - 1 rGefhy,fvD,m
pdefhtDwD,ef 5 - 0 Edkuf
rmaq; 2 - 1 rdkemudk

vmvD*gyGJpOf(36)
vDAefaw;
ADvm&D;&Jvf
t,fr&D ,
D m
q,fwmAD*kd

2
1
1
1

2
0
2
1

wDudk
t,fvfcsD
rmvm*g
qDAv
D m

bGef'ufpfvD*gyGJpOf(32)
yg'gbGef 1 - 3 0kzfbwf
udv
k ;kH 2 - 0 a&Smv
f af u;

pD;&D;atyGJpOf(35)
csDa,Adk
ygvmrdk
tl'D;eD;pf
qufqem
trfydkvD
yg;rm;
vmZD,dk

2
2
1
2
2
2
1

2
3
4
3
3
2
2

ADdkem
tw v E m
qrf'dk;&D;,m;
qufqt
l v
kd kd
zDtdk&ifwD;em;
emydv
k D
tifwmrDvef

em',fudktEkdif,lum ruf'&pftdk;yif;zvm; tef'Drma&;AdkvfpGJ


NAdwed w
f if;epform;tef'rD m
a&;onf pydefwif;epform;
&maz;em',fudk tEkdif,lum
ruf'&pftkd;yif;wGif csefyD,H
tjzpfatmifycJG EH kid cf o
hJ nf/ tef'D
rma&;onf pay;abmdkucf suf
rsm;aumif;rGefrIESifh twuft
qif;rSeo
f nfh wdkupf pfupm;[ef
jzifh em',fukd zdtm;ay;um 63? 6-2 jzifh tEdkif&cJhjcif;jzpf
onf/
NyD;cJhonfh &ufowywfu
jrL;epftkd;yif;Adkvv
f kyw
JG iG f udk&S
dkib
f mESihf oHk;em&DMum ,SONf ydKif
cJNh y;D upm;orm;b0wpfavQmuf
ajrap;uGif;qkzvm; yxrqHk;
tBudrfqGwfcl;EdkifcJhonfh tef'D
rma&;onf ajrap;uGif;NydKifyGJ
wpf&yfwiG f em',fukd yxrqHk;
tBudrf tEkid &f cJjh cif;jzpfNyD; ,ck
qGwcf ;l cJo
h nfh ruf'&pftkd;yif;
zvm;rSm tef'Drma&;twGuf
yxrqHk;ajrap;uGi;f rmpwm
qkzvm;jzpfonf/
ruf'&pftkd;yif;wGif atmif
yGcJ EH kid jf cif;rSmom,mpdkjynfonfh

pm-5 ]0}jynfaoG;pnf;nDGwfa&;rS
udk qHk;jzwf&rSmjzpfw,f/ 'guawmh tzGJUwdkif;utwlwlygyJ/
'DudpeJYywfoufNyD;awmh uRefawmfwdkY 'DrSmaqG;aEG;Muw,f/
jyifqifMuw,f/ twGif;oabm t"dutaMumif;&if;tcsufu?
OD;wnfcsuu
f uRefawmfwEkYd kid if aH wmfrmS wdki;f &if;om;awGtm;vHk;ppf
&yfpJNyD;awmh wdkif;jynfwnfNidrfat;csrf;zdkYjzpfygw,f/ wdkif;jynf
wnfNidrfat;csrf;rSvJ a'ojynfolawGu at;at;csrf;csrf;eJY
]0}jynfoal wGvkdyJ udk,ahf 'oudk,w
f nfaqmuf? uk,
d yhf wf0ef;usif
udk,fjyKjyifNyD;awmh zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufrIawG&&SdvmrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dvdk
a'ou 'DvdktajccHrsdK;&SdvmNyDqdk&if wdkif;jynfrSmvJ wpfckvHk;u
zGUH NzdK;wdk;wufomG ;rSmjzpfw,f/ 'guawmhwpfckvk;H &JUt"dutaMumif;
t&if;aygh/ aemuf'DudpawGeJYywfoufvdkY bmawGbmawG tcsuf
tvufygrS vufrSwfxdk;r,fqdkwJhudpeJYywfoufNyD; uRefawmfwdkY
'DwpfacgufaqG;aEG;rSmvJ t"duaqG;aEG;ygw,f/ 'Dtck Ekid if aH wmf
rSmwnf&adS ewJh jyemawG&UJ t&if;tjrpfu ordki;f t&if;tjrpfawG
&Sw
d ,f/ ordki;f taMumif;t&if;&Sw
d ,f/ rsuaf rSmuftaMumif;t&if;
awG&Sdw,f/ 'DudpESpfckudkwGJNyD;awmh ajyajyvnfvnf ajz&Sif;Edkif
vd&kY &dS if 'gu wdki;f jynfat;csr;f oGm;r,f/ uRefawmfwu
kYd 'D[mudkO;D
wnfw,f/ 'Dawmh b,fvdkyJajymajym tajccHOya'jyifqifEdkifzdkY
'gu t"durdef;yJ? 'DvdkjyifqifEdkifrSvJ wdkif;&if;om;tm;vHk;
vufcHEkdifr,fhoabm&Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY ]0}tzGJUtpnf;uvJ
'DvdkyJ/
t&iftpdk;& (OD;oef;a&TeYJ ,cktpdk;&opfvufxuf OD;ode;f pdef vuf
xufMum; ]0}a'ouGmjcm;csuf)udkajymay;yg/
uRefawmfwdkY odyfawmhruGmygbl;/ (ar;-twlwlyJaygh/) enf;
enf;yg;yg;awmh&SdrSmaygh/ uGmwmawmh&SdrSmaygh/
]0}a'orSm tpdk;&,E&m;taeeJY vnfywfaewmjzpfwJhtwGuf
tpdk;&wpfckvdkcHpm;rvm;/
'guawmh uRefawmfw&kYd mG wpf&mG rSmyJvq
kYd kd&rSmaygh/ &Gmwpf&mG rSm
olUae&mr&Sb
d ;l / vkyu
f kdipf m;aomufzkdaY e&mr&Sb
d ;l / 'gqdk&if 'D&mG u
jynfoal wGb,fvkdomG ;aeMurvJ/ 'Dawmdki;f wd&pmef wpfaumif
yJxm;ygawmh... ol&JUtouf&SifEdkifa&;twGuf olUawmxJrSm
olUae&meJYol tajctae&SdMuygw,f/ &Sd&rSmjzpfygw,f/
'Dupd u
awmh'v
D kdyg/ tjcm;a'oawGrmS vJ olUtpdk;&eJY ol[meJY

tdraf xmifwpf&yfxal xmifEkdicf hJ


jcif;aMumifh[k tef'Drma&;u
ajymonf/ tef'Drma&;onf
4if;ESit
hf csed t
f awmfMumvufwJG
vmcJhonfh cspfoluifpD,mESifh
NyD;cJhonfhvu arG;&yfajr'ef
bvdef; vufxyfcJhMuonf/
em',fudk tEkdif&NyD;aemuf
tef'Drma&;u uGif;twGif;&Sd

dkuu
f ;l a&; jyKvkyv
f su&f adS om
uif r &may:wG i f Marriage
Works ]vufxyfxdrf;jrm;rI}
qdak ompmom;a&;Ny;D trSww
f &
vufrSwfxkd;cJhonf/
tef'Drma&;u ]]vufxyf
yGJusif;yEdkifcJhwm uRefawmfht
wGuaf wmfawmfaumif;ygw,f/
yk*Kd vfa&;qdki&f mudpa wG tqif

ajyaew,fqdk&if uGif;xJu
vufpGrf;udk taxmuftyHhjzpf
apygw,f/ 'DESpfydkif;rSm uRef
awmfu
h se;f rma&;ydkaumif;vmNyD;
ajrap;uGif;awGrSmvJ t&ifu
xufydkaumif;wJhvufpGrf;&ae
ygw,f/ ajrap;uGi;f rSm ,SOzf kdY
cufwJhrm',fudk tEdkif&vdkY
0rf;omygw,f}}[k ajymonf/

pydefpum;rwwf
t0wfvJcef;twGif;
ab;vf'kua&mufae
pydepf um;aumif;aumif;
rajymwwfonf*h g&wfab;vf
onf &D;&Jvftoif;t0wfvJ
cef ; twG i f ; tcuf a wG U ae
aMumif; a';vD;ar;vfowif;
pmuazmfjyxm;onf/ vGefcJh
onfh ESpEf pS u
f pyg;rS &D;&Jvf
odkY urmhpHcsdefwifajymif;a&TU
aMu;jzifh toif;ajymif;cJo
h nfh
ab;vfonf pydepf um;oif,l
aeaomfvnf; ,cktcsdeftxd
vnfvnfywfywfrajymwwf
ao;ay/
a&mfe,f'dk? tefpavmhwD
wdrkY mS t*Fvyd pf um;ajymqdkEkid f
aomf v nf ; &D ; &J v f t oif ;
t0wfvcJ ef;twGi;f pydepf um;
udo
k mt"dutoH;k jyKjcif;aMumifh
pydepf um;aumif;aumif;rwwf
onfh *g&wfab;vf;rSm txD;
usefqefonfha0'emcHpm;ae&
onf[k tqdkygowif;Xmeu
qufvufazmfjyxm;onf/

oltkycf sKyfNyD;awmh toufarG;0rf;ausmif;aqmif&u


G af eMuwmyJav/
jynfolawGu uRefawmfwdkYa'orSmusawmhvJ uRefawmfwdkYu
udk,fha'ojynfoludk,fha'orSm touf&SifEdkifzdkY BudK;yrf;vkyfudkif
tpf0pfcsaf wmifyu
H pm;orm; rsuEf mS Muuftrdk;aygufjyJco
hJ nf/
pm;aomufaeMuwmjzpfw,f/ udk,fuOD;pD;r,fholr&Sdbl;qdk&if 'g
tef'gqefu 4if;*dk;oGif;cJhNyD; rsufESmMuuftrdk;aygufjyJonfh
b,fEh ,
S v
hf kyrf mS vJ/ b,fvkdjzpfrmS vJ/ 'Dupd e yYJ wfoufNyD;qdkvk&dY &dS if
aemuf rsuEf mS Muufysupf ;D onf yHkudk"mwfyHkdkufum armf*efu
uRefawmfwkaYd cgif;aqmifawGu b,fvkdyaJ jymajymtm;vHk;pkaygif;NyD;
txd atmifycJG cH ahJ omy&dowfukd 4if;\wGpw
f mpmrsuEf mS ay: wif
tm;vHk;twlwl zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufatmifaqmif&GufzdkY qHk;jzwfMuwm
avsmfaMu;jyefay;&ef urf;vSrf; cJhonf/ armf*efu ,ckuJhodkY
jzpfygw,f/
cJhaMumif; bDbDpDowif;Xmeu ydkYpfwifNyD;aemuf tef'gqefu
]0}a'otaeeJU avhvmrdoavmuf ]0}uudk,&hf UJ yk&H yd u
f kd jyKjyifvm
aygufjyJoGm;onfhrsufESmMuuf
azmfjyonf/
w,f/ tar&duefwdkY? EdkifiHwumwdkUudk udk,fh&JUjyKjyifvmwJhtay:
aemf0pfcsf E S i f hupm;cJ honf h udk jyefvnfjyifqif&ef ydkufqH
b,fvdkajymcsifvJ/
cseyf ,
D &H pS f ;IH xGuyf pJG OfwiG f tef pdkufay;rnf[k wkHYjyefcJhonf/
uRefawmfwkdY 'Dupd u
awmhAsm... ajymvdk&Y &dS if&n
S yf gw,f/ [dk
'gqef*kd;oGi;f cJNh yD;aemuf armf*ef tef'gqef\ wkHYjyefrIaMumifh
taemufEdkifiHawG? tar&duefwdkYbmwdkYu olY[molrajz&Sif;EdkifwJh
[ktrnf&onfh tpf0pfcsyf &dowf tHhtm;oifh wkefvIyfcJh&aMumif;
udpa wGvt
J rsm;BuD;yg/ uRefawmfwu
kYd kv
d ufnKd ;xdk;aew,f/ 'Dawmh
u xckefNyD;atmifyGJcH&mwGif armf*efuajymonf/
zdtm;awG&SdwmayghAsm/ 'gaMumifhrdkY udk,fha'o? udk,fhjynfolawG
[mqdk&if udk,ahf 'o&JUordki;f t& bde;f pdkuv
f mwmuawmh ESpaf ygif;
120avmuf&NdS yD/ 120ausmNf yD/ 'Dawmh 'Dupd u
kd'aD vmufBuD; zdtm;
ay;w,fqkad wmh wpfckajym&r,fqk&d ifAsm...&Si;f &Si;f yJ... tar&duef
ysOf;rem;NrdKU oajyvS tru(15)rlvwef;ausmif; pwkwwef;wGif
wdkY bmwdkt
Y aemufEkdiif u
H [dktcsed u
f olU[mol olUrsuEf mS udkawmif
ynmoifMum;aeaom rZifeEmausm\
f zcif trnfreS rf mS OD;rsKd ;ausmo
f (l c)
oloefaY tmifrokwEf kid w
f [
hJ m ropfEkdiw
f [
hJ m olrsm;udkvufnKd ;xdk;
OD;wkwBf uD;ESihf rdciftrnfreS rf mS a':pk;d pk;d oef; (c)a':rD;rD; jzpfygaMumif;/
NyD; eifhrsufESmutdk;rJBuD;ygvm;qdkNyD;awmh... 'Dvdk vkyfvdkYr&bl;
av/ 'gaMumifrh kdv
Y J 'Dvkdzt
d m;&Sv
d kd?Y Edkiif w
H umzdtm;&Sv
d kdY uRefawmf
bk&m;? odrf? ausmif;? Z&yf? &[ef;'g,umBuD;
wdku
Y udk,ahf 'ojynfoal wG ckeuaqG;aEG;wJt
h wdki;f ygyJ... rl;,pfeYJ
uif;&Sif;atmifr[kwf&if vlrsdK;okOf;r,fhudpawGu ]0}a'orSm
use&f pfcrhJ mS / 'gaMumifrh kdY 'Dupd e yYJ wfoufNyD;awmh qHk;jzwfNyD;awmh
touf(81)ESpf
vHk;0udk yaysmufatmifBudK;pm;NyD;awmh jynfolUvHIUaqmfNyD;awmh
weoFm&Dwkdif;a'oBuD;? NrdwfNrdKU? tv,fuRef;e,fajr? aMumifi,f&yfae
BudK;pm;NyD;aqmif&GufcJhwmjzpfw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY 'DESpf[m rl;,pf
(OD;tkef;rsif-a':Munf)wkdY\ om;BuD;? (OD;azoif-a':wif)wkdY\om;oruf?
aq;0g;eJyY wfoufvkdY vHk;vHk;pdkuyf sKd ;rIr&Sad wmhb;l qdkwm ZGef 26&uf
a':jr&D\ cifyeG ;f ? ukad rmifjynf-r0if;? ukrd if;atmif(c)ukad Zmfrif;-rI0g? r&SMD um
(c)ri,f? ukdppf[kef-r[efaX;? ukdrsdK;atmif-roDwmvIdif? ukd0if;csKd-r0g0gxGef;?
qdk&if 10ESpw
f if;wif;jynfyh gNyDqkdwm uRefawmfwkdaY jymvdkygw,f/

y&dowfudkavsmfaMu;ay;&ef tef'gqefurf;vSrf;

rdbtrnfrSef

OD;Mumwif(Nrdwf)

upm;rnfhyGJ
bdkif,efjrL;epf - bmpDvdkem

upm;rnfhtcsdef

WDW Predictz

13-5-2015 eHeuf 1;15 2 - 2

1-2

AsianBK

bmpDvdkem

ukdvSckdif-reDvm? ukdppfEkdif-r,Of,Ofatmif? ukdausmfpkd;-rjrwfjrwfat;?


(armifEkdif0if;)? ukd0if;xkdufol-rjzLjzLckdifwkdY\ zcifBuD;? ajr;22a,muf? jrpfESpf
a,mufwkdY\ bkd;bkd;BuD;onf 10-5-2015&uf(we*FaEGaeY)n 9;20em&DwGif
a&T*kHwkdiftxl;ukaq;kHBuD; uG,fvGefoGm;ygojzifh 12-5-2015&uf(t*FgaeY)
nae 5 em&DwGif a&a0;tat;wkdufrS a&a0;okomefokdY ykdYaqmifrD;oN*K[fygrnf/
G ?f ok0P
aetdrrf u
S m;rsm; trSwf (124^B)? opf,myif(3)vrf;? (23)&yfuu
aetdrfrS nae 3 em&DwGifxGufcGmygrnf/
usef&pfolrdom;pk

24

CURRENT

twGJ 3? trSwf 32 (12-5-2015) t*Fg

jynfcikd Nf zdK;ygwD'w
k d,Ou| OD;aX;OD;ESihpf uKygvm'dazmifa';&Si;f

[oFmwNrdKY e,ftwGif;&Sd MuufajceDrsm;twGuf 0wfpHk 120 vSL


rdk;pufvif;
&efukef ar 11
jynfaxmifpkMuHch kdiaf &;ESizfh UHG
NzKd ;a&;ygwD'w
k ,
d Ou| [oFmw
NrdKUe,fjynfolUvTwfawmfudk,f
pm;vS,Of ;D aX;OD;ESiphf uKygvm'd
rsupf t
d crJch pGJ w
d u
f koa&;azmif
a';&Si;f wdu
Yk ,ckv 6 &ufeeH uf
11em&DwiG f[oFmwcdkijf ynfoUl
aq;HkBuD; [oFmwNrdKUe,ft
wGi;f &Sd MuufajceD 120wdt
kY wGuf
MuufajceD0wfpHk 120 ay;tyf
vSL'gef;cJhonf/
tqdkygtcrf;tem;odkY jynf
axmifpMk ucHh ikd af &;ESizhf UHGNzKd ;a&;ygwD
'kwd,Ou| [oFmwNrdKUe,f
jynfoUl vw
T af wmfukd,pf m;vS,f
OD;aX;OD;ESifhZeD;jrefrmEdkifiHtrsdK;
orD;a&;&mtzJGUcsKyfem,ua':
eDeD0if;? {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;
trSwf(4) rJqEe,ftrsdK;om;
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fOD;nGefY
vIid ?f [oFmwcdkiaf q;Hkrq
S &m
0efBuD;rsm;?olemjyKrsm;ESiv
hf rl aI &;
toif ; tzJ G U rsm;? Muuf a jceD
wyfzUGJ 0ifrsm;ESijhf ynfckdiNf zdK;ygwD
0ifrsm; wufa&mufMuonf/

,ckuJhodkYvSL'gef;rIESifhywf
ouf [oFmwNrdKUe,fMuuf
ajceDolemjyKwyf&if;rSwyfcJGrSL;
udk0Podef;wefu]]uRefawmf
wdkMY uufajceDqkdwmuawmhukd,hf
,leDazmif;udk,fcsKyf0wfwmjzpf
wJhtwGufaMumifh ,leDazmif;
rjynfhpHkwmawG&Sdygw,f/ tck
awmh'DvdkvSL'gef;vdkufjcif;tm;
jzif huav;awG v J yd kNyD;awmh

Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESifUtrsKd;om;jyefvnf
oifUjrwfa&;qkdif&maqG;aEG;yGJwGif
xkwfjyefcsufESifUndEdIif;a&;tzGJY
zGJYpnf;jcif;ryg0ifaMumif; NLDxkwfjyef
&JxG#f
&efukef ar 11
Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESihftrsKd;om;jyefvnfoihfjrwfa&;qdkif&maqG;
aEG;yGJwGif xkwfjyefcsufESihfndEdIif;a&;tzGJU zGJUpnf;jcif; yg0if
aqmif&u
G cf jhJ cif;r&Sad Mumif; trsK;d om;'Drku
d a&pDtzGUJ csKyf (NLD)
ygwDu ,refaeY&ufpGJjzihf xkwfjyefcJhonf/
,if;aqG;aEG;yGJukd ,ckv 9 &ufwGif &efukefNrdKUtif;vsm;
vdw[
f kw
d ,f wdki;f &if;om;vufeufukid cf kepfzUJG EiS fh Edkiif aH &;ygwD
64 ck wufa&mufaqG;aEG;cJNh yD; ndE iId ;f aqG;aEG;a&;tzGUJ zGUJ pnf;
jcif;ESihfxkwfjyefcsufwpfapmifxkwfjyefcJhonf/
KNU utxufygaqG;aEG;yGJokdYwufa&muf&ef zdwfMum;
xm;aomaMumihf NLD u wufa&mufcjhJ cif;jzpfNyD; xdktvkyf kH
aqG;aEG;yGJrlvtpDtpOfwGif yg0ifjcif;r&Sdaom Coordination
Team zGJUpnf;&efESihf aMunmcsufxkwfjyefonhftcg vTJtyf
wm0efryg&So
d nht
f wGuf txufygaqmif&u
G cf surf sm;wGif yg0if
aqmif&GufcJhjcif;r&SdaMumif; NLD xkwfjyefcsufwGiyf g&Sdonf/
txufygaqG;aEG;yGo
J kYd jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;jzpfMuonhf
OD;atmifrif;? OD;pdk;ode;f ? OD;0if;xGe;f wdkUwufa&mufcMhJ uNyD; wdki;f
&if;om;vufeufudkifckepfzGJUESihf
pm-22 okdY

pdwfyg0ifpm;pGmeJYvkyfaqmifEdkif
r,f/tckvkdwpfzufwpfvrf;u
ul n D w J h t wG u f a Mumif h tzJ G U
tpnf;taeeJv
Y J jynfph kHraI wGykd&dS
vmygw,f}}[k4if;uajymonf/
[oFmwNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
MuufajceDtzJGU0if pkpkaygif;
tiftm; 550 cef&Y adS Mumif;? ,ck
uJhodkY MuufajceD0wfpHkrsm; &&Sd
jcif;onf yxrOD;qHk;tBudr&f &Sd

jcif;jzpfaMumif;? rdrw
d MkYd uufajceD
wyfzGUJ 0iftiftm;wdk;wufap&ef
ESppf Of wuokdvrf sm;ESit
hf ajccH
ausmif;rsm;odkY oifwef;rsm;ydkYcs
oifMum;ay;vsu&f adS Mumif;? rdrd
wdt
kY aejzifh puKygvm'dazmifa';
&Si;f wGif ESppf OfEpS w
f kdi;f vkyt
f m;
ay;jcif;rsm;ESifh rD;ab;a&ab;
rsm;wGif 0dki;f 0ef;ulnaD qmif&u
G f
ay;vsuf&SdaMumif;od&onf/

jrefrmAk'bmom0ifrdef;rrsm;
txl;xdrf;jrm;jcif;qdkif&mOya'Murf;
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwGifaqG;aEG;rnf
cdkifxl;
aejynfawmf ar 11
vufrw
S x
f kd;xdr;f jrm;ay;ol
tm; axmifajcmufvuscaH p&ef
jy|mef;yg0ifaeonfh jrefrmAk'
bmom0ifred ;f rrsm; txl;xdr;f jrm;
jcif;qdik &f mOya'Murf;udt
k rsK;d om;
vTwaf wmfwiG f ,ckvtwGi;f aqG;
aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/
]] jrefrmAk'b
mom0ifred ;f r
rsm; txl;xdrf;jrm;jcif;qdkif&m
Oya'Murf;udk trsKd;om;vTwf
awmfrmS aqG;aEG;zdkUtwGuf aqG;
aEG;vdkwv
hJ w
T af wmfuk,
d pf m;vS,f
rsm;taeeJY ,ckv 13 &ufrSm
trsdK;om;vTwfawmf nTefMum;
a&;rSL;csKyfxHudk trnfpm&if;
ay;ydkU&rSmjzpfygw,f}}[k ,aeU
usif;yonft
h rsK;d om;vTwaf wmf
tpnf;ta0; 45 &ufajrmufaeU
wGif trsKd ;om;vTwaf wmf Ou|
OD;cifatmifjrihu
f aMunmcJo
h nf/
tqdkyg jrefrmAk'b
mom0if
rdef;rrsm; txl;xdrf;jrm;jcif;
qdkif&mOya'Murf;udk jynfolY
vTwaf wmfwiG f vufcaH qG;aEG;chJ

NyD; jyifqifcsurf sm;jzifhtwnfjyK


um,ckEpS rf wfv19&ufutrsK;d
om;vTwfawmfodkYay;yYdkcJhonf/
xdo
k aYkd y;ydUk vmrIukd trsKd ;om;
vTwaf wmf Oya'Murf;aumfrwD
u {NyDv 1 &ufwiG f jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfrS wm0ef&Sd
olrsm;ESifhawGUqHkum qufvuf
aqG;aEG;cJNh yD; awGU&cdS sut
f pD&ifcH
pmudk ,aeUusi;f yonft
h rsKd ;om;
vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wGif
zwfMum;wifoGif;cJhonf/
xdkozkYd wfMum;cJ&h m tqdkyg
Oya'Murf;\yk'fr 37 wGif
]]xdrf;jrm;ay;aMumif; jypfrI
xif&mS ;pD&ifjcif;cH&vQif xkt
d &m&Sd
udk ajcmufvxufrydkaomaxmif
'Pfjzpfap}}[k jynfolUvTwf
awmfutwnfjyKjyifqif&ef ay;
ydx
kY m;aMumif;xnfo
h iG ;f zwfMum;
cJo
h nf/ trsKd ;om;vTwaf wmfwiG f
tqdkygOya'Murf;udk yg0ifaqG;
aEG;vdkaomvTwfawmfudk,fpm;
vS,rf sm;vnf; rsm;jym;Edik af Mumif;
udk,fpm;vS,ftodkif;t0dkif;u
oHk;oyfxm;onf/

rd;k ^ZvajrivsifXmecGt
J aejzifh qlemrDjzpfay:&efraocsmaomaMumifh
jynfolrsm;odkYtoday;xkwfjyefcsufr&Sdao;[kqdk
pdk;pdk;pH
&efukef ar 11
uyvDyifv,fjyiftwGif;
bm&efuRef;ay:&Sd ay:dkr;D awmif
aygufuv
JG Qif jrefrmhurf;dk;wef;
a'orsm; qlemrDtE&m,f&SdEdkif
onf[kqdkaom owif;ESifhywf
ouf qlemrDjzpfay:&efraocsm
aomaMumifh rdk;av0oESifhZv
aA'nTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme ajr
ivsiXf mecGt
J aejzifh jynforl sm;
odrkY nfonft
h oday;xkwjf yefcsuf
rQ r&Sad o;aMumif; aejynfawmf
rdk;^Zv ajrivsifXmecGJrSvuf
axmufneT Mf um;a&;rSL;a'gufwm
,OfrsKd;rif;axG;u qdkonf/
]]rD;awmifaygufwdkif;vJ
qlemrDjzpfr,fqdkwm tjrJwrf;
awmhr[kwfbl;aygh/ qlemrDjzpf
r,fh tcsut
f vufjynfph ko
H mG ;wJh
tcgrsK;d us&ifawmh jzpfomG ;wm
rsKd;&Sdw,f/ 2005 ckESpaf vmuf
wkef;uvJ ckvdkrsKd;owif;awG

xGufay:cJhzl;w,f/ 'gayr,fh
raygufcb
hJ l;/ tJ'gaMumifh tck
rD;awmifaygufr,f raygufb;l
uawmh ajymvkdYr&ao;ygbl;}}
[k a'gufwm,OfrsK;d rif;axG;u

ajymonf/
rdk;^Zvtaejzifh xdkuJhodkY
oD;oefo
Y wif;xkwjf yefxm;jcif;
r&Sad omfvnf; qlemrDjzpfay:vQif
rnfuo
hJ kdY a&SUajy;vuPmrsm;&Sd

wwfaMumif; vufurf;pmapmif
rsm;jzefYa0xm;ouJhodkY obm0
ab;BudKwifumuG,af &;twGuf
vnf; urf;dk;wef;a'orsm;wGif
pm-22 okdY

zdvpfykdifta&SYajrmufykdif; wkdifzkef;rkefwkdif;0ifa&muf
pm-9