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Paste Thickener Design and

Operation Selected to Achieve
Downstream Requirements
• J. S. Slottee PasteThick Associates, USA
J. Johnson PasteThick Associates, USA

Introduction

Paste thickener design is determined by
requirements for
1. Deposition
2. Pumping
3. Process feed rate and characteristics

This paper describes experience
supporting the design of a paste tailings
system as a system

Paste Stacking Flowsheet Tailings Feed Paste Thickener Transfer Pump Underflow Pump Stack .

capacity • Dam construction to contain thickened tailings • Distribution of paste to optimize capacity • Site environmental requirements (i. deposit permeability to groundwater) .Considerations Downstream of the Paste Thickener • Disposal foot print.e.

Surface Stacking 5% slope .

cm ~ 20 Pa yield stress 20 ~ 55 Pa yield stress ~ 280 Pa yield stress 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 Distance from leading edge.Flume Tests to Determine Slope Iron ore tailings Deposition Profiles 25 280 Pa 20 Pa 55 Pa Mud height. m 3 4 .

e. centrifugal only) .Pumping Paste & Thickened Tailings • Pumping requirements of paste from plant to impoundments site • Potential for gravity flow • Customer preference pump choice (i.

Shear Frequently Affects Rheology Inside thickener 150 Pa 35% Thickener discharge 80 Pa 35% Deposition 50 Pa 35% .

Yield Stress Pumped Paste: Same wt% solids. Different Yield Stress % solids .

Yield Stress Paste Thickener Design Based on Yield Stress Curve % solids .

Shear Frequently Affects Rheology Inside thickener 150 Pa 35% .

Different % Solids Specific Gravity of Solid .Same Yield Stress.

Example #1 Pilot Testing Demonstrated Potential iron ore tailings 80 wt% solids .

Example #1 Plant Requirements • A low yield stress selected – Lower pumping costs – Area available for lower stacking angle .

Example #1 Design • 450 tph design throughput • Varying feed t/hr • 18 m dia. 12 m sidewall height paste thickener • 3 centrifugal pumps in series for transportation .

Example #2 Glass Sands Tailings .

Example #2 Deposit Slope .

Example #2 Pilot Shear Loop Tests .

Example #2 Varying Feed Particle Size and Rheology .

2 (24) 20 300 Deep Bed High Density 15 (49) 15 (59) 30 300 18 (59) 7. m (ft) Sidewall ht.Example #2 Design Diameter. degree K-Factor High Density Recommended 18 (59) 7. m (ft) Floor Slope.2 (24) 20 150 .

The Paste System Design Process .

pumping/pipeline and geotechnical consultants. . • Installed paste projects repeatedly demonstrate the correct approach of a team of the thickener supplier.Summary • Downstream requirements determine underflow target and therefore type of paste thickener.

not wt% solids .Conclusions • Sharing rheology data between the team is essential • Rheology is greatly influenced by particle size – all parties need the same awareness of particle size range • Design to a target yield stress.