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A CORRELATIONAL STUDY BETWEEN ENGLISH SPEAKING

ABILITY AND FREQUENCY OF WATCHING HOLLYWOOD MOVIES
AT MTSN BARABAI

THESIS PROPOSAL

presented in the fulfillment of final assignment
of Quantitative Research Methods taught by Dr. Gunadi Harry Sulistyo, M.A.

by:
Nur Alfa Rahmah

STATE UNIVERSITY OF MALANG
GRADUATE PROGRAM
ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING
December 2011

Background of the Study Learning a second language is a long and complex process. especially speaking. significance of the study. objectives of the study. and definition of key terms. such as Indonesia. 2000). As stated by Harmer (2007). Language fluency has a close and strong relation with receptive skills and productive skills issue. the more English we acquire. In a non-English-speaking country. A lot of exposure to English input is. why there are only a few people who achieve fluency in a foreign language within the classroom boundary (Brown. 1. which are presented in that order. inadequate training grounds are still one of the problem in teaching English to young learners successfully. This chapter presents several subtopics as background of the study.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This introductory chapter provides basic ideas related to the study being carried out. the more we see and listen to comprehensible input. statement of the problems. . in some extend. A total commitment. It explains. notice or learn.1. assumptions. where English is a foreign language. What we say or write is heavily influenced by what we hear and see. necessary to rapidly improve someone’s English skills. and response are necessary to successfully send and receive messages in a second language. involvement. delimitation of the study. then. statement of hypothesis.

The learners also need to be creative and active in practicing the language outside formal educational confine. 2007) which divides speaking events into monologue and dialogue. native speaker’s English until today still forms an ideal goal to keep in mind. English learners should be exposed to the authentic audio materials so that they can imitate the way native speaker speak. It might be impossible and not necessary anymore to speak like a native speaker. or knowledge of the language is a necessary point of reference for the second language proficiency concept used in language teaching theory (Stern. proficiency. It does not only conform to the need of students with auditory and visual learning styles. 2007) these two speaking events mostly are just not accommodated enough by the limited hour of the teaching of English speaking in the class. 2001) and Thornburry (2005 in Harmer. 2005 in Harmer.English speaking input generally covers the types of spoken language suggested by Nunan (1991 in Brown. however. The mastery of language skills starts from imitating the original producer of the language or native speaker. 1991). but is also . learners need to know and get used to how native speakers normally speak. Teachers’ role alone cannot support the rapid progress of English young learners. To be able to speak like one. The native speaker’s competence. hoping that students can be that diligent to learn the non-reciprocal —monotonous—authentic material regularly may be too excessive in a sense that young learners can easily get bored with non-communicative material. Dialogue is subdivided into two functions: transactional and interpersonal (Thornburry. An audio visual material is way better than just an audio. To have good English speaking ability. Nevertheless.

It is available not only in movie rental but also internet and downloadable with low prices. not to mention the influence it has on the audience’s subconscious mind. we recognize subconscious mind as a place where learner’s acquisition is stored and has an important role in communication. In language pedagogy. Young teenagers are the largest consumers of these movies. the researcher is interested to know whether students’ frequency of watching Hollywood movies has correlation with their English speaking ability. Regarding Hollywood movies as audio visual media to which people can get direct access to English authentic material and learner’s nature to grasp easily the materials which are presented in audio visual way. using audio visual media such as computer or television for independent study is a very effective strategy to improve one’s ability in speaking because it accommodate both learning styles and influences language user’s subconscious mind. while auditory learners prefer listening to lectures and audiotapes. drawings and other graphic information. 2000). Visual learner tend to prefer reading and studying charts.communicative and easily understood. Therefore. visual material will be hard for them. Among all English authentic audio-visual materials existing among Indonesian societies. audio material will be hard for them. speaking. . Most successful learners utilize both visual and auditory input (Brown. in this case. Hollywood movies are the most accessible ones.

the purpose of the study is formulated as follows: 1.1.2. 2.3. the research problem to be investigated is whether the correlation between English speaking ability and frequency of watching Hollywood movies exists. Statement of the Problems In line with the background of the study above. the purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation between English speaking ability and frequency of watching Hollywood movies. to examine whether there is a correlation between students’ score in fluency during speaking and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. This general research can be specified into the following: 1. Is the increased of students’ score in accuracy (grammar) during speaking followed by the students’ frequency of watching Hollywood movies? 2. Objectives of the Study In general. . Specifically. Is the increased of students’ score in using proper vocabulary during speaking followed by the students’ frequency of watching Hollywood movies? 1. to examine whether there is a correlation between students’ score in accuracy (grammar) during speaking and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. Is the increased of students’ score in fluency during speaking followed by the students’ frequency of watching Hollywood movies? 3. Is the increased of students’ score in pronunciation during speaking followed by the students’ frequency of watching Hollywood movies? 4.

The ability to pronounce words correctly during speaking is related to the frequency of watching Hollywood movies.3.4. the hypotheses are constructed as below: 1. and 4. Statement of Hypothesis In accordance with the general research problem mentioned previously. 1. to examine whether there is a correlation between students’ score in pronunciation during speaking and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. 1. The findings hopefully can be suggestion for teachers to utilize audio visual media in teaching learning process to make it more attractive and easily comprehended and . The ability to use vocabulary properly during speaking is related to the frequency of watching Hollywood movies. 3. to examine whether there is a correlation between students’ score in using proper vocabulary during speaking and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. The ability to speak fluently is related to the frequency of watching Hollywood movies.5. 2. 4. Significance of the Study The result of this study is expected to give useful contribution to English language teaching (ELT) generally and the teaching of speaking especially. The ability to speak accurately is related to the frequency of watching Hollywood movies.

acquired by the students. . such as experimental research. pronounce correctly during speaking. the ability to speak fluently. which examines whether students who are asked to watch certain Hollywood movies regularly in a week can have better English speaking ability compared to those who do not watch Hollywood movies regularly or have not watched any of them. and to use authentic material so that students can get access to real life situation in English speaking environment. the ability to speak fluently. schools are expected to provide more learning media which explore both auditory and visual learning styles to make acquisition process of the lesson being taught easier for students. Assumptions Several assumptions is carrying out the present study need to be established. All the variables under interest such as the ability to speak accurately.6. and the ability to use words properly during speaking can be obtained because the subjects have sufficient abilities to speak accurately. the ability to pronounce correctly during speaking. 2. and use words properly during speaking. the ability to pronounce correctly during speaking. The result of this research can also be used to for further research. the assumptions that underlie the current study are formulated as follows: 1. and the ability to use words properly during speaking are trainable and measurable. 1. Substantially. In this case. The abilities that are measure in the present study like the ability to speak accurately. fluently.

7. Delimitation of the Study This study only concerns with the influence of audio visual media. p.3. It is assumed that the students have the same age about 14-16 years old. tasks. in a variety of contexts" (Chaney. ___. Four skills are classified as under English speaking skills or ability namely the ability to speak fluently. Although individual differences exist. the ability to speak accurately. and have relatively the same proficiency level. 1. 1991. These factors are then used as measurement to determine whether a certain student has good English speaking ability. The frequency of watching Hollywood movie as an audio visual media is chosen as the independent variable in this research since it is suggested by some researchers (Brown. learning environment. the population is considered to be homogenous because they came from the same school. and Brown. 2000. the ability to pronounce words correctly during speaking. Definition of Key Terms 1. in this case. English Speaking Ability Speaking is "the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols. 13). today's world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students' . Jeremy. 1. Hollywood movies to factors related to English speaking ability. 2001) to have positive correlation with students’ speaking ability.8.8.1. MAN 3 Barabai. Stern. Babin in Iswarahadi. and the ability to use words properly during speaking. 1998. 2007. and teachers.

1. Until today. especially drama portray many speech events and narration plot that can enrich non-English native speakers’ ability in speaking. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and stars. Hollywood Movies Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles.holly woodusa. only in that way. U.htm). (http://www.co. 1. and future. because.. students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance (Kayi. Hollywood has shaped our most vivid images of reality and imagination of past. the word "Hollywood" is often used as a metonym for the American film and television industry. today’s world. Hollywood movies.A. situated westnorthwest of Downtown.8. .S.uk/ hollywood. California.communicative skills. 2006).

accuracy (grammar) in speaking English (X2). 2.1.1. and frequency of watching Hollywood movies (Y). Research Design This research is conducted using correlational research since this research is intended to know the correlation between English speaking ability of second year students of MTsN Barabai and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. five different variables are identified namely fluency in speaking English (X1). the researcher tries to see the relationship between the students’ speaking ability and their frequency of watching Hollywood movies. In this present study. and instrumentation which are presented in that order. Based on the research problems. the research purposes. X X1 X2 X3 X4 Y . proper word usage in speaking English. The relationship among variables is shown in X Figure 3.CHAPTER II RESEARCH METHOD This chapter presents the discussion of the methods and procedures used to carry out the current study. This chapter includes several topics as research design. population and sample. correct pronunciation in speaking English (X3). (2006: 276) who state that correlational research is a type of non experimental research which investigates whether there is an association between two or more variables. and the research hypothesis. This is in line with the definition of correlational research by Ary et al.

20% . 2. Because the number of second year students of MTsN Barabai. the first class consists of 24 students and the other class consists of 22 students.2. Hulu Sungai Tengah. There are two classes for the second-year.1. Population The population of this study is 56 students of MTsN Barabai in the year of 2011/2012. it is better to take them all as the sample.25% of the number of the population as the sample of this study. if the number of population is more than 100. is just 56. The population is chosen because the school has a language laboratory with sufficient audio-visual facility that probably trigger students to have more access to audio-visual media from computer or television to watch movies with authentic material. if the population number is less than 100.1.2. the . it will be better to take 10% up to 15%.1. Research Design 2. Hollywood movies.Figure 3. However.2. Population and Sample 2. Sample As it is stated by Arikunto (2007).

as below: SPEAKING RUBRIC ASSESSMENT Student’s name : Class/ academic year : Materials Category Grammar ________________________________ ________________________________ : ________________________________ very good Student uses good A few minor fair Grammatical bad Grammatical grammar to difficulties errors led to errors communicate arose from many minor severely effectively. not using the difficulties or hampered grammar. 2006: 146). Some Communicati Score .researcher decides to take them all as the sample.1. Speaking Rubric Assessment Speaking Rubric Assessment is used to collect data about student’s English speaking ability in four areas: accuracy (grammar). sampling technique is not applied in this case. That number. according to Lodico et al. and vocabulary. Therefore. The results of the study then can be generalized for the school (Lodico et al. 2.3. 2. Instrumentation The instruments used in this research are: speaking rubric assessment and interview recorder. communication Vocabulary Student uses A few minor . (2006: 1530 is already considered enough since correlational study requires a sample of at leat 30 individuals. one major communicatio breakdown in n. pronunciation.. fluency.3.

Student helps Student has diction. conversation. Some effort Much effort the some minor was required to was required conversation difficulties in maintain the to maintain flow and maintaining conversation. Student enhance verbal and/or may have communicati communicati expression. and/or bad vocabulary. the develop. but problems arose and/or inflection better due to unclear expression and pronunciatio pronunciation confused expressions n. Interview Recorder Interview Recorder is used to record interview with the participants of investigation. inflection.1. Pronunciation Pronunciatio Pronunciatio No serious Some n n was clear problems communication . on could Student may difficult to have made have been hear.Fluency vocabulary to difficulties difficulties on was express ideas arose from arose due to severely properly. efficient. 2. The researcher will ask several questions that explore their speaking . have been a There may few long have been pauses. communicati difficult to on more hear. and arose. not using limited disturbed due appropriate vocabulary to lack of vocabulary. inflection. been very on.3. many long pauses. and/or lack of communicatio were used to and/or non- inflection n. the There may conversation.

Their speaking ability will be assessed using the Speaking Rubric Assessment above and will be graded based on the criteria or level of speaking ability mentioned in the columns. and assess them based on what is recorded in the interview recorder. .ability.

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