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Circle Talk BKDEC Jan 21st 2015

Crime and Punishment


A crime is a serious offence such as murder or robbery. A punishment is a penalty imposed on somebody
who is convicted of a crime. There is an important difference between criminal law and civil law. Criminal
law deals with matters such as murder. Civil law deals with matters such as contracts or divorce.

traffic /trf.k/ verb [ I ] trafficking , trafficked , trafficked to buy and sell goods illegally

They were arrested for trafficking in the eggs of protected species of birds.
smuggle /smg.l/ verb [ T usually + adv/prep ] noun: smuggling, criminal: smuggler
to take things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally

She was caught trying to smuggle 26 kilos of heroin out of/into the country.
arson /r.sn/ intentionally starting a fire Eg: A cinema was burnt out last night. Police suspect arson.
kidnap /kd.np/ verb [ T ] -pp- to take a person away illegally by force, usually in order to demand
money in exchange for releasing them, criminal: kidnaper
speeding /spi.d/ noun [ U ]

Eg: The kid was kidnapped last night

Eg: She was fined for speeding last month.

drunk-driving /drkdra.v/ noun [ U ] US FOR drink-driving


child abuse when adults intentionally treat children in a cruel or violent way

Spotlight: you steal money or things, but you rob a person or place
Innocent /n..snt/ not guilty of a particular crime, or having no knowledge of the unpleasant and evil
things in life # opposite: guilty

Eg: He firmly believes that she is innocent of the crime.

sentence /sen.tn t s/ noun [ C ] PUNISHME given by a judge in court to a person or organization after they
Eg: He got a heavy/light sentence

have been found guilty of doing something wrong

offender /fen.d r / a person who is guilty of a crime : sex offenders


defend /dfend/ PROTECT against attack or criticism

Eg:I can't afford a lawyer so I shall defend myself

discharge /dstrd/ ALLOW TO LEAVE to allow sb to leave somewhere, especially a hospital, a court

Suspect: doubt, think likely, think guilty Eg: I have no reason to suspect sb/sth loyalty, "I suspect not/ so.
Suspicious: seem guilty, doubt

Ex: Her behavior was very suspicious (AUSTRALIAN

INFORMAL suss

pusher /p. r / /-/ noun [ C ] ( ALSO drug pusher ) someone who sells illegal drugs
arrest /rest/ The police arrested her for drinking and driving.

charge /td/ /trd/ verb ACCUSE FORMALL to make a formal statement saying that someone is accused
of a crime

Eg. She is charged with murdering her husband.

Eg: He was charged with sexual assault.

ault / slt/ a violent attack

terrorist /ter..rst/ /-.st/ noun [ C ] someone who uses violent action, or threats of violent action, for
political purposes

Eg: Several terrorists have been killed by their own bombs

What types of penalties are there for committing a criminal offence?


imprisonment /mprz. n.mnt/ noun [ C or U ]
Life imprisonment noun [ U ] ( INFORMAL life ),

She was sentenced to five years' imprisonment

community service noun [ U ] without payment

probation /pro be. n/ /pro-/ noun [ U ] a period of time when a criminal must behave well in societies
to avoid being sent to prison

Eg. He was fined and given two years' probation.

compensation /km.pense. n/ /km-/ noun MONEY is paid to someone in exchange for sth that has
been lost or damaged or for some problem

Eg: She received 40 000 in compensation for a lost eye.

restitution /res.ttu. n/ the return of objects stolen or lost

Eg: the restitution of ancient treasures

psychiatric hospital /sa.kit.rk/ where people who are mentally ill (insanity) stay and receive treatment
capital punishment noun [ U ] ( ALSO the death penalty ) punishment by death