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You are on page 1of 9

Section A

[45 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.

1

eleven working days.

20

32

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

45

62

(a) Find the median, the lower and upper quartiles.

[3

marks]

(b) Construct a boxplot for the data.

[5 marks]

(c) The number of customers visited a departmental store is more than 40 times

for 75% of working days. Comment on the statement.

[2 marks]

2

x

-1

0

1

2

2

3

P(X = x)

a

b

8

8

3

Given that E (X) , find the values of a and b.

4

[4 marks]

x and y are summarized as follows:

x 1370 y 1670

xy 232545

189006

289736

[6 marks]

4

The table below shows the quantity and prices of three electrical items produced by a

company from 2012 to 2014

Electrical item

Quantity (in thousands)

Price (RM per unit)

2012

2013

2014

Air conditioner

40

50

60

1300

Fan

30

40

50

90

Television

40

50

50

1100

(a) By using price as the weights and the year 2012 as the base year, calculate Laspeyres

quantity index for the years 2013 and 2014.

[4 marks]

(b) Briefly comment on the different rates of output growth of the company between the

year 2013 and 2014.

[2 marks]

STPM 950/2

[Turn over

CONFIDENTIAL*

This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

5

The table below shows the quarterly sales (RM x 1000) of a motorbike between 2011 to

2014 and an additive model seasonal variation for each quarter.

Quarter

Year

2011

2012

2013

2014

Seasonal variation

60

64

67

69

-2.58

84

86

90

98

21.71

42

43

44

45

-24.58

72

74

76

78

5.46

(b) Forecast the sales of a motorbike for the quarter 3 in year 2015.

[6 marks]

[3 marks]

(a) There are 5 boys and 4 girls on a sport committee. A subcommittee of 3 students

is selected from the committee at random. Find the probability that all are boys

given that all are the same sex.

[4 marks]

(b) A and B are two events such that P(A) = 0.5, P(B) = 0.7 and P ( A B ) = 0.3.

Calculate

(i) P ( A B )

(ii) P ( A B )

Show that event A and B are not independent.

[6 marks]

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

Section B

[15 marks]

Answer any one question in this section.

7.

have cracks in every 1000 flower vases produced.

(i)

Find the probability that there are at most two flower vases having cracks

in a random sample of size 5.

[5 marks]

(ii)

If the probability that no flower vases, in n flower vases selected at

random, having cracks is 0.1, determine the value of n.

[4 marks]

(i)

By using suitable approximation, find the probability that more than three

flower vases have cracks in a random sample of size 100. [6 marks]

x

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

y

2.4 2.5

2.6 2.6

3.0 3.5

3.6

3.4

Plot the scatter diagram for the above data.

[3 marks]

Calculate the coefficient of correlation between x and y, and comment on your

result

[4 marks]

Find the equation of the regression line of y on x in the form y = a + bx, where a

and b are expressed correct to two decimal places. Draw the graph of the

regression line on your scatter diagram.

[6 marks]

Estimate the value of y when x = 40. Comment on your result.

[2 marks]

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

ANSWER

1

(a) Median

N

11

observtion =

observtion = 5.5 observation

2

2

= 6th observation

= 39 times

Lower quartile, Q1

..

= 4th observation

= 36 times

Upper quartile, Q3

[1 mark]

N

11

observtion = observtion = 2.75 observation

=

4

4

..

[1 mark]

3(11)

3N

observtion =

observtion =8.25 observation

=

4

4

..

[1 mark]

3

3

(b) Lower boundary = Q1 (Q3 Q1 ) = 36 (42 36) = 27 51

2

2

3

3

Upper boundary = Q1 (Q3 Q1 ) = 42 (42 36) = 51

2

2

Outlier = 20 and 62

Boxplot

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

(c ) Not ture. Since the lower quartile is 36 times and therefore 75% above is not 40

times.

2. E (X )

a(-1) +

3

4

2

3

3

(0)+ (1)+ b(2) =

8

8

4

-8a + 16b = 3

P( X

a+

(1)

..

[1 mark]

8a + 8b = 3

(2)

..

[1 mark]

1

1

, b=

8

4

..

[2 marks]

x) 1

2 3

+ +b=1

8 8

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

3 r

x y

xy n

x

y

x n y n

2

232545

1370 1670

10

(1370) 2

(1670) 2

189006

289736

n

n

= 0.994

..

[2

marks]

Coefficient o determination , r 2 (0.994) 2 0.988

..

[2 marks]

Hence, 98.80% of the variation of y is explained for due the variation of x.

..

[2 marks]

4

q13 p12

100

12 p12

23600

100 =

100

40(1300) 30(90) 40(1100 )

98700

=125.2

.. [2

=139.3

.. [2

marks]

Laspeyres quantity index for the years 2014 =

q14 p12

100

12 p12

137500

100 =

100

40(1300) 30(90) 40(1100 )

98700

marks]

The companys output has increased 25.2% from the year 2012 to 2013. From the

year 2012 to 2014, the companys output increased by 39.3%.

..

[2 marks]

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

5

Quarter

Year

2011

2012

2013

2014

Seasonal variation

Year

(a)

60

64

67

69

-2.58

84

86

90

98

21.71

42

43

44

45

-24.58

72

74

76

78

5.46

Coded quarter

(t)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Sales (RM X

100) (y)

60

84

42

72

64

86

43

74

67

90

44

76

69

98

45

78

t 197.58

td 13605.9964

t

5903.8964

td n

b

t

t n

t

Seasonal

variation (s)

-2.58

21.71

-24.58

5.46

-2.58

21.71

-24.58

5.46

-2.58

21.71

-24.58

5.46

-2.58

21.71

-24.58

5.46

..

Deseasonalised

sales (d)

62.58

62.29

66.58

66.54

66.58

64.29

67.58

68.54

69.58

68.29

68.58

70.54

71.58

76.29

69.58

72.54

[2 marks]

d 1091.96

74718.954

(197.58)(1091.96)

16

(197.58) 2

5903.8964

16

= 0.03512

13605.9964

..

[2 marks]

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

a d bt

1091.96

197.58

0.3512

= 67.81

16

16

T = a + bt

The trend line is T = 67.8 +0.0351t

..

[1 mark]

..

[1 mark]

T = 67.8 +0.0351(19) =68.4669 and S3 =-24.58

Forecast value =68.4669 + (-24.58) = 43.8869

..

[2 marks]

Hence, the forecast value for the sales of a motorbike for the quarter 3 in year

2015 is RM43886.90.

..

[1 mark]

6. (a) Let A = all are boys

B = all are same sex

P( A / B)

P( A B)

P( B)

5

C3

10 5

4

C3 C3 14 7

..

[2 marks]

P ( A B)

0.3 3

=

=

..

[2 marks]

P( B)

0 .7 7

(ii) P( A B ) P( A) P( B ) P ( A B ) = 0.5 + 0.7 - 0.3 = 0.9

b. (i) P ( A / B )

..

[2 marks]

Since P ( A B ) P ( A) P ( B ) Event A and B are not independent.

..

[2

marks]

7.

(i) p =

45

= 0.045

1000

Then X ~B(5,0.045)

..

[1 mark]

P X 2 = P(X=0) + P(X=1) + P(X=2)

5

0

5

= C0 0.045 0.955 + 5C1 0.0451 0.9554 + 5C2 0.0452 0.9553

= 0.7944 + 0.1872 + 0.0176

= 0.9992

..

[4 marks]

(ii)

X ~B(n, 0.045)

P(X=0) = nC0 0.0450 0.955n = 0.1

0.955n = 0.1

log 0.1

n = log 0.955 = 50

(iii)

..

[1 mark]

..

[3 marks]

n =100, p = 0.045

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

..

[1 mark]

X 4.5

Then X ~N(4.5, 4.2975), Z

~N(0, 1)

4.2975

P X 3 = P X 3 . 5

..

[1 mark]

..

[1 mark]

3. 5 4. 5

4.2975

= P Z

..

[3

marks]

8

x

y

n=8

15

2.4

xy 444.4

(b) r

16

2.5

x 148

17

2.6

18

2.6

2

2780

x y

xy n

x

y

x n y n

2

19

3.0

20

3.5

21

3.6

22

3.4

y 23.6 y

71.3

(148)(23.6)

8

r

= 0.9286

2

148

23.6 2

2780

71.3

8

8

This value shows a strong positive correlation between x and y.

444.4

..

[3 marks]

..

[1 mark]

c) y = a + bx

x y

xy n

b

x

x

2

(148)(23.6)

8

= 0.1857

1482

2780

8

444.4

=

..

[2

marks]

y a bx

23.6

148

0.1857

= -0.4885

8

8

Equation:

y = -0.49 + 0.19x

Regression line

..

[1 mark]

..

..

[1 mark]

[2 marks]

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

CONFIDENTIAL*/SULIT

(d) The value of y may not exist since x = 40 outside the range of recorded values.

..

[2 marks]

STPM 950/2

CONFIDENTIAL*

*This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over.

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