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Current affairs, is the mainstay of the civil service examination, what with one

portion of the exam dedicated to general studies. The current affairs of india and
international current event affairs, are an important part of the general studies
paper, both in the mains and the prelims. At the interview current affairs news rules
and decides the rank of the candidate and even whether s/he will get through or
not. In such a scenario the coverage of current affairs in india as well as current
world affairs, becomes an important part of your preprations.
People in the News
Discuss Current Affairs
Current Affairs Quiz - new
International Current Affairs 2009
Climate Conference in Copenhagen 6 to 18 December 2009 (16th Dec 2009)
In 2012 the Kyoto Protocol to prevent climate changes and global warming runs
out. To keep the process on the line there is an urgent need for a new climate
protocol. At the conference in Copenhagen 2009 the parties of the UNFCCC meet
for the last time on government level before the climate agreement need to be
renewed. Therefore the Climate Conference in Copenhagen is essential for the
worlds climate and the Danish government and UNFCCC is putting hard effort in
making the meeting in Copenhagen a success ending up with a Copenhagen
Protocol to prevent global warming and climate changes.
Karzai sworn in for second term afghan president (19th Nov 2009)
Afghan leader Hamid Karzai was sworn in as president pledging to fight graft and
take control of his country’s security before his five-year term ends, after a fraud-
marred election left his image in ruins. Karzai said he hoped Afghanistan’s own
security forces could take responsibility for the entire country within five years, and
take the lead in unstable areas within three. It is a goal he will share with his
Western backers, who are seeking an exit strategy from the 8-year-old war.
GCC population seen growing to 53 million by 2020 (16th Nov 2009)
The population explosion in the Gulf region is predicted to continue with a new
report seeing it rising by a third in the next decade. Latest research by the
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) said the GCC's population was likely to hit 53
million by 2020, with the vast majority of people under 25 years old. The rapid
growth and the relative youth of the population present serious challenges as well
as major opportunities faced by GCC.
7.7 quakes shake north Chile (15th Nov 2009)
Thousands of Chileans may have to sleep in the streets after a 7.7 magnitude
earthquake rattled the north part of the country, killing at least two people, injuring
dozens and destroying hundreds of homes. Chile has been the scene of hundreds
of strong earthquakes throughout history, including the largest one of the 20th
century on May 22, 1960.
Sri Lanka military chief 'quits' (12th Nov 2009)
Sri Lanka's armed forces chief Sarath Fonseka, who helped secure the defeat of
Tamil Tiger rebels in May, has resigned, opposition politicians say.Gen Fonseka is
reportedly considering challenging President Mahinda Rajapaksa in an election to
be held before April. He is due to make a speech shortly. The resignation was
swiftly accepted by the president Mahindra Rajapaksa.
GSK Donates 50 Million H1N1 Doses to WHO (11th Nov 2009)
GlaxoSmithKline signed an agreement with the World Health Organization to
donate 50 million doses of adjuvant H1N1 flu vaccine to developing countries
around the world. The drug will be available to 95 developing countries despite
industry-wide shortfalls affecting the ability of developed nations to inoculate their
own citizens. Twenty percent of production from GSK’s Canadian vaccine
production facility has been allocated to developing countries.
Germany marks anniversary of anti-Semitic program (9th November 2009)
As Germany celebrated the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall more
subdued tributes were held to mark the 71st anniversary of the Nazi's Kristallnacht
anti-Semitic pogrom. On Kristallnacht — the Night of Broken Glass — at least 91
German Jews were killed, more than 200 synagogues were destroyed, and
thousands of Jewish businesses vandalized and looted in state sanctioned, riots. In
the capital, a special service was being held at a memorial outside the Jewish
Community of Berlin's building. The event was also to pay tribute to Anne Frank,
whose poignant diary has inspired countless people.
Earthquake rocks southern Iran (4th November 2009)
A 4.9-magnitude earthquake Rattled southern Iran injuring about 700 people,
officials said. Iran lies along seismic fault lines and has been rocked strong
earthquakes, notably in December 2003 when a 6.6-magnitude quake devastated
the ancient city of Bam, killing at least 30,000 people.
ASEAN Summit 2009 (25th October 2009)
Leaders of ASEAN countries has decided to increase cooperation in education at
the 14th ASEAN Summit held in Hua Hin, Thailand, on October 23-25, 2009.The
cooperation agreement signed by the leaders of the ten ASEAN member countries
at the summit’s closing ceremony on Sunday. The ASEAN community in 2015 will
be based on three pillars, security of the political community, economic community,
and socio-cultural community. Therefore, ASEAN leaders had been urged to step
up educational competency in their respective countries. All these efforts may
serve as a common reference for ASEAN to a better quality education.The member
country had also expressed readiness to establish a research convention on
education. The result will serve as a basic framework for new cooperation in the
sector. The summit also announced a plan to observe ASEAN`s founding
anniversary every August 8, and introduce the history of the regional organization
as well as its latest developments to the students.
Global population to reach seven billion by 2011 (23rd October 2009)
The global population is expected to reach seven billion in 2011 and the increase
would happen in just 12 years after reaching six billion in 1999, says the World
Population Data Sheet prepared by the Population Reference Bureau (PRB).In a
statement issued by the Information Services Department,growth of the world's
youth population was shifting to the poorest countries' especially Asia and Africa,
and latter's population of one billion was growing by about 24 million per year, and
would double by 2050.The bulk of today's 1.2 billion youth are in developing
countries with 8 out of 10 living in Africa and Asia.
Obama Wins Nobel peace prize 2009 (9th October 2009) The chairman of the
Nobel Peace Prize committee cited President Obama's outreach to the Muslim
world and his push for Israeli-Arab peace in explaining its decision to award him the
prize.“One of the first things he did was to go to Cairo to try to reach out to the
Muslim world, then to restart the Mideast negotiations and then he reached out to
the rest of the world through international institutions," Thorbjorn Jagland said in
Oslo last Friday after announcing that Obama had won the prize. The formal
citation notes Obama's "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy
and cooperation between peoples" and his "vision of and work for a world without
nuclear weapons." Obama will receive the $1.4 million prize in Oslo on Dec. 10.
Kabul's Indian Embassy attacked (8th October 2009)
A vehicle packed with explosives drove into the sidewall of the Indian Embassy in
Kabul. A huge blast followed. Seven Afghan civilians were killed and 45 more were
wounded in a blast outside the Indian embassy in the Afghan capital on Thursday,
police sources said. The Taliban has claimed responsibility for the suicide attack.
On its website, it said it intended to target the Embassy. There was some
speculation whether the real targets were other government buildings nearby.
Al-Qaida calls for holy war against China (7th October 2009)
In a video message, a senior Al-Qaida leader has urged Muslims to launch a holy
war against Chinese "invaders" in response to the "massacre" of Uighurs in
western China. "The atheist criminals have long used the most despicable, cruel
and brutal means against Muslims in Turkistan," said Abu Yayha al-Libi, who is
sometimes identified as the commander in Afghanistan of the international terrorist
network Al-Qaida.
China celebrates its 60th anniversary (1st October 2009)
A confident China on Thursday marked 60 years of Communist rule as it unveiled
its military might parading new generation battle tanks and long-range cruise
missiles, with President Hu Jintao asserting that only socialism can save the
country.
Afghan Presidential election (18th September 2009)
President Hamid Karzai won an absolute majority in Afghanistan's presidential
election, according to a final preliminary result released by the election
commission. Incumbent Karzai won 54.6% of the vote in the Aug 20 poll, nearly
double the 27.8% of his nearest rival, former foreign minister Abdullah, the
commission said. Voter turnout was 38%, which accounts for more than 5.5 million
votes cast on the election day. Of that percentage, 42% were men and 38% were
women, Daoud Ali Najafi, chief electoral officer said.
US largest supplier of arms in 2008 (7th September 2009)
Defying the trends of global recession, the United States has emerged as the
largest supplier of arms, accounting for more than two-third of the USD 55.2 billion
of arms sales in the year 2008. The United States has not only supplied arms and
weapons to its traditional market, but also begun creating a pie for itself in the
traditional Russian supplier markets like that of India, says a latest Congressional
report. The increase in American weapons sales around the world was attributable
not only to major new orders from clients in the Near East and in Asia, but also to
the continuation of significant equipment and support services contracts with a
broad-based number of US clients globally.
Powerful earthquake kills 57 in Indonesia (3rd September)
At least 57 killed, another 400 injured, says disaster agencyTsunami watch quickly
expires, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center says Older buildings damaged in
Tasikmalaya in Indonesian island of Java, witness says Series of quakes hit
Indonesia's Sumatra Island three weeks ago. Indonesian President Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono visited Cianjur, and vowed to free up nearly $500,000 (5
billion rupiahs) for emergency response efforts.
Angry student throws acid on professor in Vietnam (25th August 2009)
A college professor and 13 students were hurt, when a former student upset over
an English test splashed him with acid in Vietnam. Dang Huu Dung, a professor at
the Agriculture and Forestry University, received acid burns to a third of his body.
The police arrested Tran Xuan Thanh, 28-year-old who finished his four-year
course in 2006 but did not graduate because he failed the English test on
mechanics. The former student wants to apply for another English test but the
professor refused. The student got angry and thrown acid on professor thinking Mr
Dung was not fulfilling his responsibilities towards his students.
Miss Venezuala win Miss Universe 2009 title (24th August 2009)
Impressing 12 judges and beating 84 contestants Miss Venezuela Stefania
Fernandez crowned the Miss Universe 2009 from Dayana Mendoza. 18-year-old
Stefania is the sixth Venezuelan to win the crown.
Michael Jackson is Dead (25th June 2009)
Michael Jackson, the King of pop died because of cardiac arrest at the age of 50 at
Los Angeles. The only man who neither needs any introduction nor any eulogy died
leaving millions of fans grieving. Keeping aside the controversies he stirred in the
last few years, Michael Jackson was definitely an extraordinary artist, musician and
a performer. Jackson left behind some heart touching songs like 'Earth Song'.
Racial attack in Australia (15th June 2009)
So far there have been 14 attacks encountered by Indian students in Australia.
Indian students are continuing their street protest against the racially motivated
attacks. The Indian community leaders in Australia have asked the Indian students
to stop violent protests in Harris Park in Melbourne. There have also been some
stray incidents of Indian students retaliating.
Air France 447 jet Crash (2nd June 2009)
The Air France 447 jet with 228 people on a flight to Paris vanished over the
Atlantic Ocean after flying into towering thunderstorms and sending 24 automated
messages that the electrical system had failed. Massive operations were taken to
locate the, but all 228 passengers seem to have died. The hunt for the black boxes
and plane parts still continues. The total bodies recovered were only 50. The
bodies found were sent to perform DNA tests to the Legal Medical Institute in
Brasilia. The United States of America has also joined in the efforts.
LTTE chief Prabhakaran's body found (18th May 2009)
The Tigers of Tamil Eelam “Velupillai Prabhakaran” has been shot dead and his
body has also been found by the Lankan army. His son “Charles Antony” has also
been shot dead. Prabhakaran’s top aides came out of their last hiding place in a
small convoy of van and an ambulance and tried to drive out of the war zone, but
were gunned down. The Tiger chief was killed with two others, who are believed to
be his closest associates - LTTE intelligence chief Pottu Amman and Sea Tigers'
chief Soosoi. The deaths of the top LTTE leaders came a day after Tamil Tigers
conceded defeat saying the decades-old battle has reached its "bitter end" and
they have decided to "silence" their guns.
Escaped Bali Terror Suspect Is Caught in Malaysia (8th May 2009)
A suspected terrorist leader who embarrassed Singapore last year by disappearing
through a bathroom window in a high-security prison has been caught in Malaysia.
Mas Selamat bin Kastari, 47, was arrested early last month, after Singapore Police
failed to capture him. The Singapore government has described Mr. Mas Selamat
as the local leader of the regional Islamist terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, which
carried out the 2002 bombings in Bali, Indonesia. He was captured in southern
Malaysia, just across the Johor Strait from Singapore. An official investigation
found that by letting the water run in the bathroom and hanging a pair of pants over
a ledge above the door, Mr. Mas Selamat gave himself 11 minutes to make his
getaway, even as a guard waited just outside the door. The prisoner squeezed
through the window, shinnied down a drainpipe onto a cushion of rolls of toilet
paper, climbed a fence and disappeared. He had asked for privacy in a bathroom
as he changed.
Obama gets a 'B+ grade' for his presidency (29th April 2009)
Barack Obama celebrated his successful completion of 100 days (called as
‘hallmark holiday’) as US president. Obama's first 100 days was fighting against
global terror, an economic crisis worse than the great depression of the 1930s and
a pandemic, swine flu. He has made milestone changes in foreign relations with
Cuba and Iraq along with policy shifts towards China and Mexico. To improve
economic status, he has provided for 787-billion-dollar stimulus bill, along with
environmental and health care reforms on the launch. Robert Gibbs gave Obama a
grade of "B plus," observing that 'there's always room for improvement'. A survey
on Obama's leadership showed positive reactions of the people and 63%
approving his presidency.
Over 150 people died due to Swine flu in Mexico (29th April 2009)
The death toll has risen to 159 people in Mexico due to Swine flu disease. Out of a
total of around 2,500 suspected cases of the virus, more than 1,300 people are
reported to be in hospitals, some of them 'seriously' ill. Most of the deaths occurred
in Mexico City. Other affected states, such as Aguascalientes and Veracruz have
only seen a handful of deaths. The victims include all age groups ranging from
children, adults, and middle-aged people
6 killed in murder-suicide bid in US (31st March 2009)
In a shocking incident 6 people, including 3 children, were shot dead and one
critically injured reportedly in a murder-suicide bid in Santa Clara, a city in the
Silicon Valley. Media reports suggest that an 'Indian passport' was found inside the
house where the incident occurred.
The body of suspected shooter was found inside the house. Police also recovered
two handguns used in the killings. The killer was a man in his 40s. Mike Sellers, the
Santa Clara Police Captain said, "It does appear as though they (the victims) were
related."
Titanic museum to open in UK (31st March 2009)
A new museum charting the story of the Titanic could be built in Britain ahead of
the 100th anniversary of the ill-fated liner's sinking.
The 28 million pound museum in Southampton, from where the liner set sail in
1912 on her maiden voyage, is set to feature a climb-aboard replica of the doomed
ship, which hit an iceberg causing the loss of 1523 lives.
BUSH GETS ATTACKED BY SHOES IN IRAQ
An Iraqi TV reporter threw his shoes at President Bush during a news conference.
Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a reporter for the TV channel Al-Baghdadia, faced testing for
alcohol and drugs to determine his state of mind, said a government official.
At Sunday's news conference, the journalist whipped off his shoes and hurled them
at Bush during the president's unannounced stop in Baghdad. The reporter called
his shoe-throwing, a traditional insult in Arab culture, a "farewell kiss" to a "dog"
who launched the 2003 invasion of Iraq
"This is the farewell kiss, you dog," the man shouted in Arabic. After the incident
Bush apparently said that he was ok and dismissed the incident as an example of a
healthy democracy and an example of free speech. LTTE LOSES MULLAITHIVU
The Sri Lankan military on Sunday announced the capture of Mullaithivu town, the
last major settlement of the LTTE in the only remaining district under its control.
With this the Tigers are now confined to Puthukkudiyiruppu and Vishwamadu areas
in the same district.
The fall of Mullaithivu came three weeks after the military marched into Kilinochchi
— the administrative and political headquarters of the Tigers. After Kilinochchi, the
Tigers lost control of their strategic base at Elephant Pass at the mouth of the
Jaffna peninsula and the government gained total control of the A 9 highway for the
first time since the departure of the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in 1990.
The rapid advance of the military into Mullaithivu town caught the political and
diplomatic circles by surprise. The manoeuvre was expected to take time in view of
the large number of civilians in the war zone, besides thick jungles and lagoons en
route, not to mention the added threat of a possible attack by the Tigers to defend
their last citadel.
Mullaithivu town is situated in a narrow stretch of land between Nanthikandal
lagoon and the Indian Ocean. It has been under the control of the Tigers since
1996 and was considered their main military base. ISRAEL ATTACKS GAZA
Israeli warplanes killed 10 Palestinians on Tuesday in attacks that targeted Hamas
government buildings and other symbols of the Islamist group on the fourth day of
the fiercest air offensive in Gaza in decades. Israeli missiles flattened five
ministerial buildings and a structure belonging to the Islamic University in Gaza
City, witnesses said.
The death toll from the attacks on Gaza continues to rise, reaching 345 dead with
more than 1,400 injured. Hamas has retaliated against Israel is with a deadly
barrage of rockets that reached deep into Israel. With this evidence that airstrikes
alone have not been able to stop all Hamas rocket launches, Israel is hinting that it
will broaden its assault with a ground invasion:
Israel hinted it was ready to broaden its assault on the Hamas-controlled Gaza
Strip with a ground operation after three days of air raids failed to bring an end to
cross-border rocket attacks.
National Current Affairs 2009
Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (19th Nov
2009)Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been chosen for the
prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development this year
for her "outstanding contribution to the promotion of democracy and pluralism".
After her re-election in December last year, Hasina embarked on her "Vision 2021",
aimed at transforming Bangladesh into a middle-income country by 2021, by
eliminating poverty and inequity, the Trust said. The award, which carries a cash
prize of Rs. 25 lakh and a citation, would be presented to her at a function to be
held at a later date.
India retains 84th position among the world’s most corrupt nations (17th Nov
2009) Transparency International has released their annual corruption index, and
has ranked China as 79th and India 84th out of 180 countries. The evaluation of
the extent of corruption is based on opinion from country experts – resident and
non-residents – and business leaders. The corruption index measures perceived
levels of public sector corruption in a country. New Zealand, Denmark, Singapore,
Sweden and Switzerland are the top five least corrupt nations.
India second worst terror-hit country, says NGO (14th Nov 2009) India is the
second worst terrorism-afflicted country - behind only war-ravaged Iraq - facing
eight terror attacks in 2008 alone and losing over 3,500 lives in the last few years.
Quoting a recent United States (US) report, city-based NGO "Bombay First", said
India follows Iraq in the number of lives lost in terror attacks last year.
K.R. Narayanan Award for the Hindu Chief Editor N. Ram (13th Nov 2009) N.
Ram, Editor-in-Chief of Hindu has been chosen for this year’s K.R. Narayanan
Award for his outstanding contribution to journalism in India. Instituted by the K.R.
Narayanan Foundation in memory of the late President, the award is to honor
individuals who have excelled in various fields. It carries a statuette, citation and a
‘ponnada.’
Madhu Koda discharged, summoned by ED (9th November 2009)
Former Jharkhand Chief Minister Madhu Koda was discharged from a hospital and
will be questioned by the Income Tax department in a money laundering case on
Nov 10 while the Enforcement Directorate summoned him to appear before Nov 13
who is in the Rs 2,000 crore alleged Hawala and illegal investments case.
India, Sweden to sign MOU on environment (5th November 2009)
India and Sweden are expected to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on
environment as Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeld visits India on Thursday
for the 10th India-EU summit.The MoU will cover climate change, clean technology,
clean development mechanisms, environmental protection, environmental
governance and air-water quality.
Brave Rukhsana appointed as special cop (2nd November 2009)
Rukhsana, the valiant and determined Jammu and Kashmir girl, who took on
Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists who barged into her house in September, has been
appointed special police officer (SPO), a temporary job which will fetch her Rs
3,000 a month. Rukhsana is currently in Delhi. Her brother, Aijaz, too has been
appointed SPO
Radhakrishnan takes over as new ISRO chief (31st October 2009)
Radhakrishnan, one of the key persons behind India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission, on
Saturday took over as the Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation.
Dr Radhakrishnan, also director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, succeeds Dr G
Madhavan Nair. Dr K Radhakrishnan is an accomplished technocrat with a
distinguished career of more than 38 years in the fields of space technology,
applications and space programme management.
Dorjee Khandu became new chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh (25th
October 2009)
Dorjee Khandu, who led the Congress to a two-thirds majority in the Arunachal
Pradesh Assembly elections, was sworn in as the fifth Chief Minister of the state.
All the newly-elected MLAs were present at the oath-taking ceremony. Khandu, a
former army intelligence officer rewarded for his exploits during the Bangladesh
war, had turned a social activist before joining politics in 1980.
A.R.Rahman wins Ghent Award (23rd October 2009)
Oscar winner musician A. R. Rahman's 'Jai ho' has again won laurels at prestigious
World Soundtrack Academy awards in Ghent (Belgium).This song from SLUMDOG
MILLIONAIRE won "best original song written for film" category at the ninth World
Soundtrack Awards announced at Ghent.
Test fires nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile(12th October 27, 2009)
India successfully test fired the nuclear-capable surface-to-surface Prithvi-II missile
twice from a test range in Orissa, officials said. The missiles were fired from the
Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Balasore district, some 230 km from
state capital Bhubaneswar first at 10.28 a.m. and then again five minutes later at
10.33 a.m.
The tests were described as part of a "user trial”. Two naval ships tracked and
monitored both the missiles hitting the targets accurately. All the radars and other
sensors along the east coast monitored the missiles' trajectory parameters. The
missiles have a striking range of about 350 km.Prithvi is India's first indigenously
built ballistic missile. It is one of five missiles being developed under India's
Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).Two versions of the
missiles have already been deployed with the Army and the Air Force. According to
defense officials in the national capital, Prithvi missile has the capability to carry
500-kg of warhead.
India can hold 2010 Games: CWG Officials (10th October 2009)
The Commonwealth Games Federation officials have expressed buoyancy over
India's capability to host the 2010 event, after completing the second day of
inspection.
Visiting shooting range in Tughlaqabad, Jamia Milia complex, the Rugby 7s facility
in Delhi University and Siri Fort Complex where the badminton event is scheduled
to take place, the delegates were convinced that the country could hold 'great'
Games in 2010. In the press release released by the committee, Australia's Don
Stockins has been quoted as saying "So far it's good. The block that we visited in
the Games Village was good; if all end up like that it will be great. Delhi will be a
great host and it is a very pretty city." Jamaican Olympic Association Vice-
President Donald Anderson has also expressed confidence in India's facility to host
the games next year.
US announce $100,000 aid for India's flood victims (8th October 2009)
Heavy rain and floods have inundated many parts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka
and Maharashtra killing over 200 people and leaving millions homeless. The US
announced $100,000 aid for the victims of recent floods in parts of southern and
western India.'The heart-breaking personal loss, the destruction of homes and
property, and the loss of cattle and crops have been devastating,' US ambassador
to India Timothy J. Roemer said while announcing the aid.
Dolphin is national aquatic animal (5th October 2009)
Dolphin is now India’s national aquatic animal. The decision was taken following a
suggestion by Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar at a meeting of the National
Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA), chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh. Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said the new status for the dolphin
would help save the rare freshwater species from disappearing from the country’s
aqua map.
Major Floods in Andhra and Karnataka (4th October 2009)
Five days of torrential rain have left at least 205 people dead and 750,000
displaced in southern India, authorities said. Floods submerged villages, severed
transport and communication links and raised fears of disease spreading in relief
camps. Large parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states – which weeks ago
were suffering a severe drought – have been inundated. Air force helicopters
dropped food and drinking water packages to hundreds of cut-off villages. The
flooding worsened after authorities released water from rain-swollen reservoirs to
prevent them from bursting their banks.
Air India Strike (29th September 2009)
Air India cancels over 20 flights, pilots agitation continues. With the agitation by Air
India Executive pilots entering the fourth day, the airlines cancelled over 20 flights,
including 15 from the national capital, and suspended bookings for the next 15
days.
Talks between the management and the striking Executive pilots failed to break the
deadlock over the issue of cut in perks. The agitation by the pilots, who are
protesting against the cut in the Productivity Linked Incentives (PIL), is likely to
intensify as the executive pilots working with the airlines before its merger also
joined them.
Chandrayaan-1 Not A Failure, Finds Water on Moon (24th September 2009)
India's first lunar mission Chandrayaan-1 has found evidence of large quantities of
water on the lunar surface, before the project was terminated by ISRO. This
discovery is credited to the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (developed by the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration). NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3), an
imaging spectrometer, was one of the 11 instruments on board Chandrayaan-I. M3
was aimed at providing the first mineral map of the entire lunar surface. Lunar
scientist’s debate for possibility of water repositories came to an end.
Chandrayaan-1 was India's first unmanned lunar probe which was launched by
ISRO on 22 October 2008. After suffering from several technical issues including
failure of the star sensors and poor thermal shielding, Chandrayaan stopped
sending radio signals on 29 August 2009 shortly after which, the ISRO officially
declared the mission over. Chandrayaan operated for 312 days as opposed to the
intended two years but the mission achieved 95 per cent of its planned objectives.
Six European satellites launched by India (23th September 2009)
India successfully launched a cluster of six European micro-satellites into low-earth
orbit after deploying its 960 kg remote sensing satellite Oceansat-2 in the polar
sun-synchronous orbit. Of the six micro-satellites, four are from Germany and one
each from Switzerland and Turkey, with a combined weight of 20 kg. The first four
tiny spacecraft, named Cubsats, are educational satellites from European
universities weighing around 1 kg and developed to perform technology
demonstration in space. The other two spacecrafts are named Rubin-9.1 and
Rubin-9.2 weighing 8 kg each, are primarily used for the automatic identification
system for maritime applications.
Earthquake in North Eastern Region of India (21th September 2009)
An earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale felt by people in parts of Assam,
other north-eastern states of India, West Bengal and neighboring Bhutan Monday
afternoon causing damage to various properties in both the countries. The duration
of this earthquake was around 5 seconds. The epicenter was plotted in Munggar in
Bhutan. Munggar, is located along the India-Bhutan border, 125 km northwest of
Guwahati where the abnormal movement of earthquake was observed.
Problems in BJP party (4th September 2009)
The BJP seems to be in the docks after the Lok Sabha defeat. BJP has expelled
Jaswant Singh, Sudheendra Kulkarni, Khanduri from the party. Also BJP has
decided to break ties with the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) in Haryana. BJP
president Rajnath Singh also asked senior Rajasthan leader Vasundhara Raje to
resign as leader of opposition. In the party meet it has been decided that Advani
will resign as party opposition leader and will not be primeministerial candidate for
the next election. Seems like a lot of “Manthan” or churning within the party.
Andhra CM YSR died in a chopper crash (3rd September 2009)
The Dynamic Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh is no more. Mr. YS Rajasekhara
Reddy was on his way to Chittoor from Hyderabad in a Helicopter. After sometime
in flight, the chopper went missing in the dense forest area of Nallamalalla hill
range. A massive hunt for the missing aircraft was launched. Three Indian Air
Force (IAF) helicopters from Bangalore were involved in finding about the
helicopter and the missing YSR. After a day, the missing chopper was found in a
mangled state along with five burnt bodies. About 100 people died of shock after
hearing the news of YSR’s death.
Almost all the state ministers, about 22 MPs and several Congress legislators have
pitched for Jaganmohan Reddy, son of Late Y S Rajasekhara Reddy to be the next
CM of Andhra Pradesh. The Congress meanwhile is waiting for the euphoria to
settle before deciding.
Mumbai TV actress arrested for abusing minor (22th August 2009)
A Mumbai actress has been arrested for allegedly abusing her 10-year-old maid.
The TV actress, Urvashi Dhaanorkar who reportedly brought the minor girl to
Mumbai in the pretext of adoption and education and kept her captive and tortured
her. She had received burns and injuries. The girl told reporters that she was
roughed up by the actresses. The case came to light when one of the neighbours
found the girl in a bad condition and decided to go to the police. The police who
rescued the girl from the Raheja Classic Society in Andheri arrested the actress
under the Child Abuse Act.
Indian Navy jet crashes, pilot feared dead (21th August 2009)
An Indian Navy fighter jet crashed into the Arabian Sea and the pilot is presumed
dead. The jet, a British-made Sea Harrier, plummeted into the sea 15 kilometers off
Goa's coast. The cause of the crash was not immediately known.
Bhindra honored with Rajiv Gandhi Award (20th August 2009)
India's first Olympics gold medalist Abhinav Bindra, Bollywood actors Shahid
Kapoor and Katrina Kaif and other young achievers were felicitated with prestigious
Rajiv Gandhi Award.
Businessman buys Gandhi's home, plans for museum (30th July 2009)
Mahatma Gandhi's Johannesburg house, has been bought by a Bandra
businessman, Pradeep Bhavnani for about Rs 2.25 crore on July 30. Mahatma
Gandhi lived in this house from 1908 for three years while he fought against the
racial discrimination in South Africa as a lawyer. The house that was designed by
artist Hermann Kallenbach is called 'The Kraal'. Pradeep Bhavnani, who is senior
BJP leader L K Advani’s nephew and a self-professed Gandhian is planning to turn
it into a museum. After buying the house, he intends to buy 34 souvenirs and
photographs from the Aditya Birla Group to install them in the museum. After
inaugurating the museum on Oct 2, Gandhi’s birth anniversary, it will be handed
over to Government of India on the same day.
Rajmata Gayatri Devi laid to rest (28th July 2009)
Rajmata Gayatri Devi passed away after a prolonged illness at the age of 90. The
people of the city gave their daily routines a miss to catch a glimpse of the Queen's
last journey. They grieved the fact that the only person who really cared about their
grievances had passed away. The Queen was cremated with State Honours and
the event was graced by the presence of the Rajasthan Governor Shailendra
Kumar Singh and Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, along with several members of the
State Cabinet.
Class X girl selected for NASA training (26th July 2009)
Palak Agarwal, is one of the two school girls selected from India for NASA training
in space shuttle designing. She is a student of 10th class in a school in remote
Karnal dist. She was selected under a student programme under which a few
students across the globe get an opportunity to get training in NASA.
PM launches India's first nuclear submarine (26th July 2009)
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's wife Gursharan Kaur launched the country's first
nuclear powered attack submarine, INS Arihant in Vishakhapatnam. The INS
Arihant will be commissioned in the Indian Navy after extensive outfitting and sea
trials. It is the first of three such vessels to be built in the country. Its length is 112-
metre-long. India has achieved a 'historic milestone in the country's defence
preparedness' with the launch of the submarine.
Bill Gates to receive Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (23th July 2009)
Bill Gates has received the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and
Development on behalf of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In 2003, the
foundation launched Avahan, a 10-year initiative to support India's efforts to reduce
the spread of HIV.
India's first sea bridge (30th June 2009)
The Congress president Sonia Gandhi inaugurated the Bandra Worli sea link in
Mumbai. The 5.6 kilometers long cable-stayed bridge has been designed to allow
for speedy road travel between Bandra and Worli. It costs Rs. 50 to take a trip on
the link, and will cost Rs. 75 for a round trip. It would be nothing compared to the
Rs 100 crore per year that the link will save in the vehicle operating cost alone. The
link is equipped for traffic monitoring, emergency support and an automated toll
system. The construction of the sea link would save people's time.
Union minister threatens HC judge to grant bail (30th June 2009)
R Regupathi, a Madras High Court judge has threatened to write to the central
government and the prime minister about a Union Minister seeking to influence him
to release a medical student petitioner and his father, a doctor on anticipatory bail.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has booked both of them in connection
with a forged mark sheet case.
Government to make class X examination optional (25th June 2009)
Kapil Sibal, Union Minister for Human Resource Development (HRD) has
suggested that the government may make class X examination optional for
students. He said that the examination system would be reformed in accordance
with the National Curriculum framework-2005. This will permit students to continue
in the same school. Schools may take an internal assessment test instead. This he
says, will be done in 100 days.
Air Force AN-32 aircraft Crash (10th June 2009)
Indian Air Force, Army and paramilitary forces made a search for missing Air Force
AN-32 aircraft which crashed over Arunachal Pradesh. The IAF began aerial
reconnaissance to trace the transport aircraft while Army and paramilitary forces
too have been pressed into the search operation. There were 13 people on board
including six IAF officers and seven Army personnel and all of them are feared
dead. The aircraft had taken off from Machuka in Arunachal Pradesh on a supply
sortie and was on its way to Mohanbari in Assam when it went off radar due to bad
weather and crashed. The last radio contact with the missing aircraft was 35 miles
from Machuka. Top-level sources in IAF say that the flying crew of the AN-32 was
highly experienced and bad weather is suspected to be the reason for the crash.
Family donates their dead son's organs to 7 people (9th June 2009)
A family in Andhra Pradesh mourning the loss of their 19-year-old member Ganpati
in a road accident has ensured his legacy by donating his organs and transforming
the lives of seven people. Johnson, a six-year-old boy, was suffering from the
dangerous blue baby syndrome but now a critical heart surgery has ensured he
would live healthily. It's not just Johnson but six other people, too, who have
received vital organs including the kidneys and liver donated from Ganapati’s body.
Ganapati had met with an accident and was brought to hospital brain dead. Doctors
counselled with the family. Though it wasn't an easy decision for Ganapati's family
to donate his organs, Ganapati's elder brother Pradeep went ahead, believing that
his brother will live on by this deed. Ganapati's family is unaware of the identities of
any of the seven people who have benefited from his organs. But they do find
solace in the thought that Ganapati continues to live on.
Dream Houses / Mumbai Flats on rent for Rs. 800/- (3rd June 2009)
The common people of Mumbai may now dream of affordable homes. An ambitious
low-cost housing programme promises to provide flats on rent for as less as Rs
800. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA)
announced that they are going to construct 133,000 flats near the city. The
MMRDA, in collaboration with real estate giant HDIL, will construct the flats on 525
acres in Virar suburb in Thane district north of Mumbai. The project aims to house
around 2 lakh people in the flats. The rent for the flats will range from Rs 800 to Rs
1,500 per month. Each flat measures 160 sq ft and will be given on lease for a
period of five years. The Metropolitan Commissioner told that 90,000 (flats) are
made for free-sale components and 43,000 are purely rental housing tenements of
160 sq feet each. Only people with a minimum monthly income of Rs 5,000 will be
eligible to apply for houses. Applicants should preferably be residing in
Maharashtra but it isn't a compulsory requirement. The MMRDA also announced
eight other low-cost housing projects in the city to house 5 lakh families in the next
few years. The authority will earn Rs 5,000 crore in rent and builders will benefit as
they would be allowed to construct taller buildings with more flats.
Oz Racial attack: AP student battling for life ( 28th May 2009)
Shravan Kumar, a 25-year-old student was attacked by teenagers in Australia is
battling for life after he and three of his friends from Andhra Pradesh were attacked
on May 26. Doctors are not 'very optimistic' about chances of his recovery. Shravan
was critically injured after one of the boys attacked him with a screwdriver. The
other three identified as A Krian, Subhash and Sandip escaped with minor injuries.
The attackers abused the Indian students and asked them to leave Australia. While
Shravan is still in hospital, the other three moved out of the house. This is the
second attack on Indian students in a week. Meanwhile there are reports that the
house where Shravan and his friends were staying is apparently robbed by some
miscreants.
Congress' victory, credit to Sonia's inner voice ( 18th May 2009)
The amazing victory of the Congress Party and the pathetic defeat of the BJP in
the Lok Sabha polls 2009 has come as a surprise. Nobody expected that the
Congress will bag over 200 seats on its own and cross 260 with its allies. All
political Pundits and Sephologists were predicting highly fractured result on 16 May
2009, the day of counting. But May 16 became a 'black Saturday' for the Bharatiya
Janata Party with an astonishing victory for the Congress. UPA chairperson Sonia
Gandhi once again made it clear that she is not in race for the PM post of India. Ms
Gandhi had made her point clear that Manmohan Singh is the Prime Ministerial
candidate of Congress. This cleared a long standing doubt in the minds of many
Indians who are not happy to see a foreigner as India's Prime Minister. This worked
and converted into votes.
UPSC results: Women on top, 791 succeeded (5th May 2009)
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam results for the year 2008
were announced. A higher number of women have topped these numbers. The top
three ranks have been grabbed by women for the first time. The Rank 1 holder, 30-
year-old Shubhra Saxena from Ghaziabad has become the talk of the country. She
told the media that the risk of quitting her job to serve the rural masses was worth
it.
River Ganga still reels under Pollution (4th May 2009)
The river Ganga remains highly polluted even after being declared the 'National
River' by the Central Government. Filled with chemical wastes, sewage and even
the remains of human and animal corpses, it poses major health risks to around
400 million people living by its side and all others who benefit from it. The Ganga
also suffers from another major problem called silting which results into chocking of
its flow.
People believe that constructing dams on the Ganga could be the cause of low
water level in the river. The residents say no steps have been taken to improve the
condition of the Ganga. The condition of the Ganga is deteriorating by the day.
There is more sand in it. Though it is declared a 'National River', no efforts are
being made to clean it. If water is released from the dam, then only the water level
will increase in the river. Efforts have always made to clean up the Ganga since a
long time but none have been proved successful.
Satyam bidding Completed: Tech Mahindra wins bidding (13th April 2009)
In the Satyam Computers bidding process, three huge companies namely Tech
Mahindra, Engineering L&T, and Wilbur Ross had participated. Tech Mahindra has
won in the Satyam bid by paying Rs. 1757 crore and now has 31% stake in
Satyam. Tech Mahindra will pay Rs 58 per share; L&T had offered to pay of 49 Rs
per share and so lost out.
Girl dies due to asthma in Delhi School (22nd April 2009)
Aakriti Bhatia of class 12 student of the Modern School in Vasant Vihar of Delhi
died due to an asthma attack. Her parent’s alleged negligence by the school
resulting in her death. It seems while taking Aakriti to hospital the school authorities
removed the oxygen provided to her, also instead of calling an ambulance they
waited for Akriti's father's car to take her to hospital, which could have lead to the
death. However the school claims that they did everything possible to save her.
Other parents and people are demonstrating against the school.
Parents protest fee hike in schools (April 2009)
Hundreds of parents opposing the fee hike in schools protested at various places in
Delhi and demanded its immediate rollback. The parents association of Guru
Nanak Public School staged a demonstration and criticized the school authorities
over the fee hike. All India Parents Association (AIPA) also extended its support to
the demonstration. The children also shouted slogans from the classrooms. The
matter of fee hike has been challenged in the Delhi High Court. The court would
hear the case on April 29.
Tata Nano The People's Car Launched (23rd March 2009)
People's car 'Nano' launched amidst much waiting and expectation.
Tata Motor's 'Nano' was commercially launched in Mumbai on 23/3/09 promising to
meet the expectations of people under some circumstances which is likely to bring
about a change in the auto market in the nation
Modi minister held in post-Godhra riot case (March 2009)
As prime ministerial candidate L K Advani and chief minister Narendra Modi on
27/3/09 launched the BJP’s campaign at the Kankaria lakefront, a few kilometres
away, in Gandhinagar, Maya Kodnani, a minister in Modi’s cabinet, was arrested in
one of the post-Godhra riot cases of 2002.
Minister of state for women and child welfare and higher education, Kodnani was
arrested after the Gujarat high court cancelled her anticipatory bail on Friday in the
Naroda Patia and Naroda Gam riots case. A trained gynaecologist, she resigned
from the ministry and surrendered before the SC-appointed Special Investigation
Team in Gandhinagar with VHP leader Jaideep Patel.
Varun guilty; EC asks BJP not to field Varun (March 2009)
The Election Commission has found the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader,
Varun Gandhi guilty of making remarks against Muslims in an election rally in Pilibit
and in the wake, violating polls laws. The EC has also declared that the CD was
not doctored and said that it will initiate criminal proceedings against him.
The EC has also asked BJP not to give a ticket to contest polls in Pilibhit in Uttar
Pradesh.
"The commission considered the speeches as a grave violation of the model code
of conduct, apart from amounting to promoting feelings of enmity and hatred
between different classes on the ground of religion, outraging the religious feeling
of a particular community, and promoting hatred and ill-will between two classes of
citizens and provoking a section of the citizens to indulge in violence."
"Any sponsorship of his candidature by the BJP, or any other political party at this
election, would be perceived as endorsing his unpardonable acts of inciting
violence and creating feelings of enmity and hatred between different classes of
citizens of India, destroying the social, democratic and plural fabric of the country,"
it said. SATYAM FRAUD
The fraud at Satyam may well turn out to be the biggest of all scams unearthed
from corporate India. Through multiple routes involving a large number of related
companies and myriad transactions, the promoters of Satyam Computer Services,
led by the company's Chairman Ramalinga Raju, are alleged to have siphoned out
a huge quantity of money from the firm. To cover that up, the accounts were
manipulated and documents were forged to declare nonexistent cash reserves and
understate liabilities.
The money that was taken out may have been used, among other things, to
acquire large quantities of land in what seems to be a set of speculative real estate
ventures that could enrich the family. The Maytas companies that had titles that
spelt Satyam in reverse were important conduits in this process, but there were
clearly many more. According to reports, the Registrar of Companies has found
that ''Satyam's annual report reveals several transactions with subsidiaries and
other group companies by way of investments, purchase of assets and other
receivables'' that point to the concealed transfer of funds out of the company.
Shockingly, one of the allegations made by the Crime Investigation Department
(CID) of Andhra Pradesh is that the company had only 40,000 employees on its
rolls as compared with the 53,000 claimed by it and the remaining 13,000 were
mere fake salary accounts through which as much as Rs. 20 crore a month were
taken out of the company over a period of five years. If true, this involves descent
to a level of manipulation and fraud that could spell the end for
Satyam.MANGALORE PUB ATTACK
Activists of a self-styled pro-Hindu moral brigade called Sri Rama Sene barged into
a pub in the coastal city of Mangalore in january and bashed up a few young girls
for 'violating traditional Indian norms'.
At least two girls were punched and their hair pulled by the activists 4 p.m.
Saturday at the pub Amnesia - The Lounge in Mangalore, about 350 km from
Bangalore. The young men accompanying the girls to the pub on the busy
Balmatta Road were also assaulted when they tried to protect their friends.
Following this shocking incident, at least 10 of the activists have been arrested by
Mangalore police. From the accounts given by the eyewitnesses, who did not want
to be identified, the girls were the target of attack. About 40 men forcibly entered
the pub claiming unethical activities were on inside and pushed their way inside.
They began assaulting the young men and women who ran for safety. At least two
of the girls started screaming for help and managed to flee from the attackers.
The ugly incident has a murky dimension also with leaders of Sri Rama Sene and
Bajrang Dal, another pro-Hindu organisation fighting to take credit for the attack in
the name of punishing those going against 'traditional Indian norms'. RAILWAY
BUDGET 2009
Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav Friday presented his sixth rail budget in
February.He is the first Railway Minister to introduce the low fare air-conditioned
trains known as "Garib Rath". Fifteen such trains are already running and five more
are expected to start in the near future.
The Railways minister cut rail fares across ticket categories by 2% and announced
plans for 43 new trains on Friday.
The fare cut will bring down rail fares on air-conditioned travel the most, mounting
further pressure on low-cost airlines, while fares for second-class, second-class
sleeper, and general compartments will also go down for tickets worth more than
Rs 50 per passenger. Suburban commuters who use express or mail trains will
also see their ticket costs get Rs 1 cheaper.
The fare cuts, announced in the government’s interim railway budget for 2009-10,
are expected to set the Indian Railways back by only around Rs 700 crore but will
make little difference to its cash pile of Rs 90,000 crore. In any case, Mr Prasad
said a cut in fares would not necessarily lead to a loss of revenues. The Railways
has cut fares four times in as many years, lowering AC first class and AC two-tier
rates by 28% and 20%, respectively and taking the competition straight to the
doors of the low-cost airline sector.
The Minister also proposed starting 43 new trains during 2009-10, and said the
Railways would extend services of 14 existing trains. The frequency of various
Rajdhani and other express trains will also be increased taking into account the rise
in the number of passengers. DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST VALENTINE'S DAY
Activists of the Hindu fundamentalist political party Shiv Sena on Wednesday
staged a token protest at Central Delhis Jantar Mantar against St.Valentines Day
celebrations in the capital. The activists said that they viewed celebrations of
St.Valentines Day contrary to Indian ethos and a proof of the growing influence of
western culture on rest of the world. Besides, the protestors said that the
St.Valentines Day was corrupting the Indian youth, as most of the youth on this day
take advantage of the occasion and indulge in immoral behaviour at public places.
Such protest were undertaken at quite a few places in India like Bhopal, Bangalore
etc. In Uttar Pradesh, Right-wing Hindu activists beat up young couples during
Valentine's Day protests across the country. Shiv Sena said it was holding protests
across the country against Valentine's Day celebrations which were against Indian
culture and had a "corrupting influence" on Indian youth.
Protests by Hindu and Muslim groups were reported from the national capital Delhi,
central Bhopal and southern Hyderabad cities.Fifty activists of the Hindu nationalist
Bharatiya Janata Party's student wing attacked a shop selling Valentine's Day gifts
in Hyderabad and set fire to the greeting cards. They carried saffron flags and
chanted slogans such as "Save Culture" and "Death to Valentine's Day." Muslim
groups also campaigned against Valentine's Day and displayed posters at public
places asking youth to refrain from celebrating the day.
In central Bhopal city, another Hindu right-wing group the Bajrang Dal held protests
threatening to marry off lovers found "misbehaving" in public places. Other Hindu
religious organizations held protests in the western Gujarat state distributing
handbills to college students asking them to shun western culture.
Valentine's Day has become popular in India over the past decade with shops
selling romantic cards, heart-shaped balloons, cuddly toys and other gifts. But the
day has also seen regular protests by Hindu and Muslim hardliners who claim the
celebrations threaten Indian culture and social norms.
Sports 2009
Maradona fined and banned for foul-mouthed tirade (16th Nov 2009) FIFA's
disciplinary body has dished out a two month ban to Argentina's coach Diego
Maradona, punishing him for the tirade after this team grabbed a spot in the 2010
finals in South Africa.Apart from the ban effective from Nov 15 to Jan 15, 2010, the
body also slapped a fine of 25,000 Swiss francs ($24,600) on the football legend.
Novak Djokovic wins Paris Masters (15th Nov 2009) Third-seeded Novak
Djokovic scrambled to a 6-2, 5-7, 7-6 (3) victory over local favorite Gael Monfils to
win the Paris Masters for the first time.The victory gave Djokovic back-to-back ATP
Tour titles after his win over top-ranked Roger Federer in the Swiss Indoors final
.The third-ranked Djokovic also beat World No. 2 Rafael Nadal in the semifinals in
Paris and will be a strong favorite when he’ll try to defend his title at the eight-man
ATP World Tour Finals from Nov. 22-29 in London.
Bhupati and Paes exit Paris Masters in 2nd round (13th Nov 2009) Leander
Paes and Mahesh Bhupathi ended their campaign early in Paris Masters by making
an exit in the second round with their partners. Fourth seeded Paes and Lukas
Dlouhy of Czech Republic were beaten 7-6(5), 4-6, 5-10 by American Travis Parrott
and Australian Jordan Kerr.
Golden whistle for Indian Hockey umpire (10th Nov 2009) Satinder Kumar has
become the first Indian umpire to get the golden whistle from the International
Hockey Federation (FIH) for officiating in 100 matches. Satinder is the 29th
international umpire to get the honor, Hockey India said in a statement. Satinder
umpired in his 100th match at the ongoing World Cup Qualifiers in Invercargill, New
Zealand yesterday.
American swimmer Peter Marshall beats own 50 backstroke world record at
short-course meet (11th Nov 2009)
Peter Marshall of the United States has broken his own world record in the men’s
50-meter backstroke at a short-course World Cup meet. Marshall won the race in
22.73 seconds, beating his previous record of 22.75 set in October in Durban,
South Africa. It was the sixth world record set at the meet in Stockholm. Earlier
American teammate Jessica Hardy broke her own world record in the women’s 50
breaststroke, finishing in 28.96.
Australia win series against India (11th Nov 2009)
Australia won the One-day International series against India 4-2 after the seventh
and inconsequential final match at the DY Patil Stadium in Mumbai was washed
out due to cyclonic storm that hit the western coast. The possibility of the match
being played was remote due to heavy downpour in the city.
Murray beats Youzhny to win Valencia Open tennis (8th Nov 2009)
Andy Murray won his sixth title of the season in his first tournament back from a
wrist injury, beating Mikhail Youzhny of Russia 6-3, 6-2 in the Valencia Open final.
Murray won 26 of 29 first-serve points as he improved his indoor record to 12-0 this
season. Having saved two of three break points in the first set, Murray jumped out
to a 4-0 lead in the second by dictating play from the baseline. He closed out the
victory with an ace.
Pankaj Advani wins bronze in Asian Indoor Games (7th Nov 2009)
Pankaj Advani capped his Asian Indoor Games campaign by winning a bronze
medal in the English Billiards singles' category. Advani blanked Myanmar's Kyaw 3-
0 in the third place play off.
Indoor Asian Games: India win 2 gold on final day, end at 7th place (7th Nov
2009)
India claimed four medals, including 2 gold, on the final day of the competition to
end the third Asian Indoor Games on a high. India ended the continental event on
seventh position with 40 medals- six gold, nine silver and 25 bronze. M.C Mary
Kom and Kavita Goyat won gold for India in the Asian Indoor Games on
Wednesday. The other Indians in the final, Sarita Devi and N. Usha lost their
respective bouts and had to contend with silver medals.
Schiavone wins women's Kremlin Cup final (26th October 2009)
Francesca Schiavone trounced Olga Govortsova 6-3, 6-0 Sunday to capture the
women's final at the Kremlin Cup tennis tournament in Moscow. The Italian, the
event's eighth seed, lost just 11 points the entire match, capping a week of
avoiding the losses suffered by higher seeds in her second straight final.
Davydenko beats Nadal to win Shanghai Masters (20th October 2009)
Shanghai Nikolay Davydenko upset top-seeded Rafael Nadal 7-6 (3), 6-3 on
Sunday to win the Shanghai Masters for his fourth title of the year. The sixth-
seeded Davydenko broke decisively in the sixth game of the second set to collect
his 18th career title. His flat ground strokes and angled winners denied the
Spaniard a sixth title for this year and his first since the Rome Masters in
May.Nadal had reached the semifinals at Beijing last week on his return to the tour.
The winner of six Grand Slam tournament titles also was sidelined after the French
Open for two months with tendinitis in both knees.
Australia wins Champions Trophy 2009 (6th October 2009)
Australia claimed their second successive Champions Trophy title in beating New
Zealand by six wickets in the final at Super Sport Park in Centurion, South Africa.
Australia had a huge fight on their hands at 2-6 against some inspired bowling, but
Shane Watson again kept a cool head with his second successive unbeaten
century to steer Australia (4-206) side past New Zealand's 9-200.
India wins Compaq Cup 2009 (14th September 2009)
India wins the Compaq Cup tri-series after defeating Sri Lanka in a nail biting
encounter. Chasing a mammoth total, Sri Lankan showed brave face and reduced
the defeat margin. After showing good batting performance, Indian was poor at
fielding and bowling. They dropped couple of easy catches and missed run out
chances. Finally managed to win by 46 runs.
Clisters Wins over Serena Williams in U.S Open (13th September 2009)
On match point in the U.S. Open semifinals, defending champion Williams was
penalized a point for unsportsmanlike conduct — a bizarre, ugly finish that gave a
6-4, 7-5 upset victory to Kim Clisters. The match featured plenty of powerful ground
strokes and lengthy exchanges.
England Win the Ashes Series 2009 (23th August 2009)
England has regained the Ashes. Australia’s defiance ended with England
completing a 197 run victory to spark loud scenes of celebration and jubilation at
The Oval. Mike Hussey scored a dogged 121 as Australia lived up to their promise
of having a “crack” at their history making target of 546 to win. But in the end they
ran out of batsmen and England cut through the tension in south London to regain
the urn surrendered in the whirl of an Ashes whitewash two years ago.
Sania Mirza clinches Lexington Challenger title (27th July 2009)
Sania Mirza defeated top-seed Frenchwoman Julie Coin 7-6 (7/5), 6-4 to lift the
International Tennis Federation (ITF) Lexington Challenger title. With this win, she
climbed up three places in the latest WTA singles rankings. She stands in the 80th
place now. After the 2003 tournament, this was only the second Challenger title for
her.
Roger Federer and wife are proud parents of twins (24th July 2009)
Federer's wife, Mirka gave birth to twin girls Myla Rose and Charlene Riva. The
children are healthy along with their mother.
Sania & Sohrab exchange rings amid tight security (10th July 2009)
The Tennis star Sania Mirza exchanged rings with her childhood friend, Sohrab
Mirza. The 22-year-old Hyderabad girl wore the ring that signified her engagement
with 23 year old MBA Student Sohrab Mirza. The ceremony was graced by biggies
like badminton player P Gopichand, Union Minister of State for Human Resource D
Purandareswari, her husband and legislator D Venkateshawara Rao, Telugu film
actor Vishnu and industrialist G V K Reddy. There was a tight security provided for
the event nearly 50 policemen surrounded the Taj hotel.
Federer Wins a record 15th Grand Slam Title (5th July 2009)
Roger Federer, the world no 1, has won the Wimbledon title in the men’s single
event for the sixth time and crossed the record of 14 Grand Slam titles set by Pete
Sampras. Federer defeated Andy Roddick in one of the most interesting finals in
the Wimbledon in London. The five setter final was won by Federer 5-7, 7-6(6), 7-
6(5), 3-6 and 16-14.
Sushil Kumar wins gold medal in wrestling (28th June 2009)
Sushil Kumar won the gold medal in style, after emerging the champion in the 66
kg freestyle category. India won two gold, one silver and two bronze medals,
accounting for a total of five medals. Rahul Balasaheb secured the gold medal in
the 55 kg freestyle category. In 120 Kg freestyle category, Rajiv Tomar secured the
silver medal, Ravinder Singh and Ramesh Kumar won the bronze in the 60 kg
Greco Roman in 74 kg freestyle categories respectively.
Pakistan wins Twenty20 World Cup (22nd June 2009)
The Pakistan Team had scored a sensational victory against Sri Lanka and won
the T20 World cup. Pakistan achieved a139-run target for the loss of two wickets
with eight balls to spare. This win is the first major trophy since 1992, when Imran
Khan led them to victory in the 50-over World Cup in Australia. As Pakistan scored
the winning run with Shahid Afridi, people danced with joy, fired up crackers and
celebrated by distributing sweets at Lahore.
India knocked out of World T20 (15th June 2009)
Defending champion India was knocked out of the World Twenty20 title race after a
three-run defeat at the hands of an inspired England in the Super Eight match.
Chasing a modest victory target of 154, India's batting order crumbled when it
mattered most and the defending champions could manage only 150 for five.
Federer won French Open (7th June 2009)
Roger Federer has won the French Open title by defeating Robin Soderling. The
scores were 6-1, 7-6 (1), 6-4. The 14th major title won by Federer breaks the Pete
Sampras record. He has now become the sixth man to win all four Grand Slam
championships. Federer won his 14th Grand Slam championship at the age of 27.
He will now try for the 15th Grand Slam title beginning in two weeks at Wimbledon,
which he has won five times already. He has also won the US Open for the past
five years, and he has three Australian Open titles with him.
Anand wins Chess Oscar for sixth time ( 8th May 2009)
The World Champion Viswanathan Anand continued to dominate supreme bagging
the Chess Oscar for the sixth time and becoming the first non-Russian to do so. He
received the award from International Chess Federation (FIDE) President Kirsan
Ilyumzhinov being contested between teams of Azerbaijan and FIDE World, in
Baku. The Indian ace has earlier won the honour in 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004 and
2007 while Russia's Garry Kasparov has claimed it 11 times and Bobby Fischer of
America has taken it home thrice. The Chess Oscar is awarded by Russian chess
magazine '64 - Chess Review' on the basis of a poll carried out among chess
journalists and experts. The Oscar comes in the form of a statuette also called the
"Fascinated Wanderer".
Brasa appointed Indian men's hockey coach ( 1st May 2009)
Spain's master coach Jose Brasa has been appointed as the new chief coach of
the Indian men's hockey team. Pravir Krishna, the Joint Secretary of Union Ministry
of Sports said “Brasa will soon join the Indian men's hockey team as the chief
coach". He also informed that Brasa was handed a two-year contract, but didn't
rule out the chances of his agreement being extended till the 2012 London
Olympics. The Spaniard put forth a list of demands, including a free hand in
running the team, the need for technology and a good physiotherapist, and a
support staff of 14 people, including two from Spain. The Sports Ministry accepted
his demands. The official also informed that Brasa would be coming to India early
next week to formally take charge of his duties.
BCCI nominates Gambhir, Jhulan for Arjuna award (30th April 2009)
The Board of Control for Cricket in India has recommended batman Gautam
Gambhir and women's team captain Jhulan Gosawmi for the esteemed sports
award, the Arjuna Award.Gambhir, opener has scored 1,579 test runs at an
average of 75.19, and 1,494 runs at 46.38 in ODIs. Jhulan won the ICC Women
Cricketer of the Year Award in 2007.
Book on Tendulkar released (24th April 2009)
A book, titled 'If Cricket Is a Religion, Sachin is God' was released on Sachin’s 36th
birthday. The authors of the book are Vijay Santhanam and Shyam
Balasubramaniam who are graduates of IIM (Ahmedabad). They believe that
Tendulkar is one of the greatest sportspersons of our times and surely the finest
cricketer of our times. The most remarkable thing about Tendulkar is the way he
has handled himself and his fame right from his early teens, they feel.
India seals historic win in NZ after 41yrs (7th April 2009)
Though rain stopped India from winning the third and final test against New
Zealand at Basin Reserve in Wellington, it sealed the historic 1-0 series victory on
Apr 7 after 41 years. The last time India won a series in New Zealand was under
the captaincy of Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi in 1967-68. India had won the first Test in
Hamilton by 10 wickets and drew the second Test in Napier.
India win Hamilton Test, a win in NZ after 33 years (21st March 2009)
Dominant India defeated New Zealand by 10 wickets in the 1st Test to take 1-0
lead. This is India's first Test win in New Zealand since 1976.
India wrapped up New Zealand's second innings on 279 with the hosts giving a 38-
run lead in the 1st Test. Harbhajan Singh took six wickets for his side.
India thrash New Zealand to seal ODI series (Feb 2009)
India won the One day series against new zeland soil at first time.
Science and Technology 2009
NASA signs agreement with ISRO for use of Indian satellite oceansat-2(19th
Nov 2009) US space agency NASA has signed an agreement with ISRO to use
data from Indian satellite Oceansat-2, for various American agencies for research
activities, including weather forecasting. Launched on September 23, 2009 using
the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from Sriharikota, Oceansat-2 is designed to
provide service continuity for operational users of the Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM)
instrument on Oceansat-1.
Scientists Create Bacteria that Light Up Around Landmines (16th Nov 2009)A
stunning 87 countries around the world are still littered with undetonated
landmines, and their impact is devastating. Thousands of people are killed or
injured by mines every year, and they pose a grave threat to ecosystems and
wildlife. But an unexpected solution may be on the way--scientists have developed
a special kind of bacteria that actually begins to glow in the presence of landmines.
Scientists produced the bacteria using a new technique called BioBricking, which
manipulates packages of DNA. The bacteria are then mixed into a colorless
solution, which forms green patches when sprayed onto ground where mines are
buried. The bacterial stew can also be dropped via airplane in extremely sensitive
areas. Then, only a few hours after it's sprayed or dropped, the bacteria begins to
glow green if it's next to an undetonated explosive. This, of course, would be an
invaluable asset in the ongoing quest to rid nations like Somalia, Bosnia, and
Cambodia of their atrocious, deadly minefields. Scientists are especially optimistic
about the bacteria because the solution is cheap and easy to mass produce.
"Significant" Moon Water Released by NASA Crashes (13th Nov 2009) In
October, NASA crashed a two-ton rocket and the SUV-size LCROSS (Lunar Crater
Observation and Sensing Satellite) into the permanently shadowed crater Cabeus
on the moon's South Pole. The crashes were part of an effort to kick up evidence of
moon water. The LCROSS team took the known near-infrared light signature of
water and compared it to the impact spectra LCROSS near-infrared recorded after
the probe had sent its spent rocket crashing into the moon. They have good fits
with each other. Additional support for moon water came from LCROSS's
ultraviolet spectrometer, which detected energy signatures associated with
hydroxyl, a byproduct of the breakup of water by sunlight.
New ocean forming in African desert (5th Nov 2009)
Geologists have confirmed that the African continent is being torn in two, forming a
new ocean. An international collaboration has shown that a 35 mile long rift in the
Afar region of the Ethiopian desert, which opened in 2005, is likely to be the
beginning of a new sea. The recent study, published in the journal Geophysical
Research Letters, brings together seismic data from the formation of the rift,
showing that it is driven by similar processes to those at the bottom of oceans.
Snow on Mt. Kilimanjaro to melt in twenty years (3rd Nov 2009)
Scientists at the Ohio University predicted that the ice sheets of Mount Kilimanjaro,
Africa's tallest mountain peak, will melt in the next twenty years due to global
warming. The ice that was present in 1912 gradually decreased by 85% by 2000,
and by 2007 another 26% of the amount in 2000. This was the first time that the
volume of the ice in Kilimanjaro was measured. The tests were conducted by
Lonnie Thompson, a professor at Ohio University.
Scientists report discovery of 32 new exoplanets (20th Oct 2009)
With help from the High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS),
scientists have reported the discovery of 32 new exoplanets. The latest batch of
exoplanets announced comprises not less than 32 new discoveries. Including these
new results, data from HARPS have led to the discovery of more than 75
exoplanets in 30 different planetary systems.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry to India-born scientist (October 7 2009)
Three Americans won 2009 Nobel Prize and one among them is India-born. They
are Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz and Ada Yonath. Ramakrishnan is
India-born American and Ada Yonath is Israeli. They were awarded with Nobel
Prize in chemistry for mapping ribosomes. It is the protein-producing factories
within body cells, at the atomic level.
NASA telescope discovers giant ring around Saturn (October 7 2009)
The Spitzer Space Telescope has discovered the biggest but never-before-seen
ring around the planet Saturn, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced. The
thin array of ice and dust particles lies at the far reaches of the Saturnian system
and its orbit is tilted 27 degrees from the planet's main ring plane, the laboratory
said. Although the ring dust is very cold — minus 316 degrees Fahrenheit — it
shines with thermal radiation.
13-year-old Indian to address UN climate change summit (September 21 2009)
A 13-year-old Indian girl from Lucknow, Yugratna Srivastava has won the honour to
address US President Barack Obama, President Hu Jintao of China and other
world leaders on behalf of the world's three billion youth and children. The UN
summit that Yugratna would address is part of the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-
moon's campaign to bring about a fair and ratifiable green house gas reduction
agreement at this year's Climate Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark. "World
leaders must recognise the energy and potential which lies in children and youth.
This age group is just like flowing rivers and they make their own way in the
direction in which they march," said Yugratna, a lively, committed and very
passionate teenager.
Largest ever telescope launched from French Guiana ( May 15 2009)
Ariane 5 rocket, the world's largest telescope was launched on May 15 from the
Kourou spaceport in French Guiana to investigate the origins of the universe. The
Herschel telescope was developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) at a cost
of 1.1 billion euros ($1.49 billion). The main objective of the telescope is to
determine how the stars and galaxies are formed in the universe. The Physicist
Albrecht Poglitsch, of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, worked
on the development of Herschel's instruments. The stars are comprised of gas and
dust, a mix that makes it impossible to see into the star itself with light. Herschel's
strength is to enable a look into the gas-dust clouds. The primary mirror of the
Herschel telescope is 3.5 meters in diameter, more than four times larger than
those of previous infrared space telescopes and almost one and a half times larger
than the Hubble space telescope. Herschel will tap into previously unexplored
wavelengths and examine phenomena that had been out of reach for other
observatories. The telescope will begin to carry out its three-and-a-half-year
mission in about a month.
First face transplant patient in US shows face ( 6th May 2009)
Five years ago, Connie Culp, 46-year-old woman in a shotgun blast left a ghastly
hole in the middle of her face. Five months ago, she received a new face from a
dead woman. She stepped forward to show off the results of the nation's first face
transplant, and her new look was a far cry from the puckered, noseless sight that
made children run away in horror. Culp's expressions are still a bit wooden, but she
can talk, smile, smell and taste her food again. Her speech is at times a little tough
to understand. Her face is bloated and squarish, and her skin droops in big folds
that doctors plan to pare away as her circulation improves and her nerves grow,
animating her new muscles.
UK scientists to develop Swine Flu vaccine (4th May 2009)
As the world is getting ready to fight against Swine Flu (H1N1 virus), researchers
from all over the world have stepped up to build a vaccine to fight the scary
disease.
A team from National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) in
Hertfordshire had started their work for developing a vaccine against the H1N1
virus. The researchers aim to drill a hole in hen's egg, considered for growing up flu
viruses. The process involves injecting a small amount of virus into each egg. The
scientists are using two different techniques for the process.
The first one is 'reverse genetics', where scientists take the H and the N surface
proteins from the H1N1 virus and mix them with a laboratory virus known as PR8.
This leads to a creation of a harmless hybrid virus, which can be used for the
vaccine.
The second technique involves injecting both the H1N1 and PR8 viruses into eggs
and allowing the hybrid strain to be created through a natural re-assortment of their
genes. The vaccine will work by dodging the immune system into it has been
infected with the H1N1 swine flu virus so that it creates antibodies against it. The
researchers hope that the first seed strain of H1N1 swine flu vaccine will be ready
in three to four weeks. It will then take another four or five months for vaccine
manufacturers to produce the vaccine in bulk.
PET bottles potential health hazard (29th April 2009)
Wagner, a lead researcher stated, “Drinking water from PET plastic bottles is
harmful to human health”. It has a higher probability of drinking estrogenic
compounds (which affects reproductive hormones) through water. He analysed 20
samples of mineral water. Nine samples came out of glass bottles, nine were
bottled in PET plastic and two were in cardboard. The specialised yeast, which
change colour in the presence of estrogen like compounds, revealed estrogenic
activity in seven of the nine plastic bottles (and both cardboard samples), and
compared with just three of the nine glass ones. The levels of these compounds in
the water were surprisingly high.
ISRO launches RISAT-2 (20th April 2009)
The Indian Space Research Organisation successfully launched a revolutionary
spy satellite RISAT-2. It is designed by the Israeli Aerospace Industries. It can take
images through the thickest cloud cover, rain and snow or fog conditions during
night and day or even of the hundreds of winding mountain valleys. It will be used
extensively for purposes like mapping, managing natural disasters and surveying
the seas, it can also see through camouflage like cloth or foliage used to conceal
camps or vehicles. It will enable India to keep a watch on terror camps, military
installations across boundaries, missile sites and suchlike. It should also help keep
track of ships at sea that could pose a threat. The RISAT will reduce India's
dependence on foreign suppliers like Ikonos for satellite imagery.
March
Discovery Crew Returns Home From ISS
The Discovery space shuttle crew returned home to the Johnson Space Center in
Houston on Sunday(29/3/09) after completing a 12-day mission.
Discovery landed at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida at 3:14 p.m.
Saturday(28/3/09), after traveling more than 5.3 million miles. Its crew delivered
solar arrays to help power the International Space Station and science experiments
taking place there. The astronauts completed three space walks, lasting more than
six hours each, to install, repair, and maintain equipment for the station.
The STS-119 flight marked the first trip to space and the first spacewalks for former
science teachers Joseph Acaba and Richard Arnold. Both are now NASA
astronauts. The flight was Discovery's 36th trip to space. It marked the 125th space
shuttle mission and the 28th shuttle trip to the space station.
Internet Crime Up 33 Percent, FBI Reports
Internet-based crime increased by 33 percent last year, making 2008 the biggest
year ever for reported cybercrime incidents, according to an Internet Crime
Complaint Center annual report.
The ICCC, a nonprofit organization run by the FBI and the National White Collar
Crime Center dedicated to monitoring online fraud, issued a report Monday
showing that fraud losses incurred from cybercrime reached a total of $264.6
million in 2008, compared to $239.1 million the previous year, Reuters reports.
Losses in recent years pose a sharp contrast to cybercrime losses of $18 million in
2001.
"2009 is shaping up to be a very busy year in terms of cybercrime," said John
Kane, director of the National White Collar Crime Center based in Richmond, Va.,
and the report's author, to Reuters.
Adobe, Facebook partner to create Flash developer tools
Adobe has partnered with one of the most popular social networking Web sites,
Facebook, to give developers a new set of tools to create applications.
The applications will use Adobe's Flash platform and the new ActionScript 3 Client
Library for Facebook the two companies developed together. The client library is a
free open source programming language that supports Facebook application
programming interfaces (APIs) including Facebook Connect.
Microsoft to discontinue Encarta
Microsoft Corp. (MSFT.O) is to exit its Encarta encyclopedia business later this
year after losing ground over the years to freely available reference material on the
Internet on web sites like Wikipedia.
"People today seek and consume information in considerably different ways than in
years past," the software maker said in a notice posted on its MSN website.
Microsoft, which axed 5,000 jobs earlier this year to cut costs and warned profit and
revenue would fall over the next two quarters, said it would stop selling Encarta
software products by June. Encarta websites worldwide, except Encarta Japan,
would be discontinued on October 31 and Encarta Japan will cease after
December 31, the company said.
Obama to restore stem cell research funding
US President Barack Obama on Monday signed an executive order reversing Bush
administration restrictions on Federal funding for stem cell research. He said that
he would ensure that all research on stem cells would be conducted ethically and
with rigorous oversight.
This move would be in line with Mr Obama's campaign vow to restore funding to
embryonic stem cell research.This development impressed scientists who have
long campaigned for the Bush policy to be overturned, but will likely be condemned
by conservative right-to-life groups.
Mr Bush barred Federal funding from supporting work on new lines of stem cells
derived from human embryos in 2001, allowing research only on a small number of
embryonic stem-cell lines which existed at that time.He argued that using human
embryos for scientific research - which often involves their destruction - crossed a
moral barrier and urged scientists to consider other alternatives. Embryonic stem
cells are primitive cells from early-stage embryos capable of developing into almost
every tissue of the body.
India To Send Sun Mission Aditya In 2012
After the successful launch of the moon mission, Chandrayaan-1, Indian Space
Research Organisation (ISRO) is now gearing up for a mission to the sun. The
proposed sun mission christened as "Mission Aditya", is aimed at unraveling the
secrets of the sun. G Madhavan Nair, chairman of the Indian space agency ISRO,
announced that, the agency is ready with its new space programme to explore the
corona of the Sun in 2012.
"Mission Aditya" will find out answers for how and why solar flares and solar winds
disturb the communication network and play havoc with electronics on the earth. It
will also uncover the mysteries surrounding the sun's corona that create
geomagnetic field disturbances on the earth and often damage man-made
satellites and spacecraft moving in the sky under intense sunlight.
Though the sun mission of ISRO has been on the cards for quite some time now, it
got a boost after the successful launch of Chandrayaan-1. The success of the
Aditya Mission will provide vital clues to ISRO to protect its satellites and
spaceware from being damaged by hot winds and flares ejected out of the sun's
corona.
Indian-American Scientist Vivek Pai Creates Top Web Technology
The researchers' team led by Indian American scientist Vivek Pai has developed a
revolutionary way to expand internet access around the world. The team of
Princeton University computer science researchers created a new efficient data
storage system called HashCache which got listed as one of the top emerging
technologies of the year in scientific magazine, Technology Review. The scientific
magazine is being published by Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
HashCache claims to store information more efficiently than current methods. The
newly created data-caching system is expected to expand web use in developing
regions around the world by making internet access more affordable. The new data
storage system increases the possibilities of expanding internet facility across the
poorer regions as it is very affordable. Compared to RAM, HashCache is capable
of storing more information from frequently visited web sites on a local hard drive
thereby enabling direct data access. Vivek Pai explained that by increasing the
efficiency of internet data transfer, HashCache can reduce the cost of maintaining a
hard drive.
February
Indian Scientists To Clone Pashmina Goat
A team of scientists from Jammu and Kashmir and Haryana is working on a project
to clone the famous pashmina goat. A success in this direction is expected to give
boost to the dwindling trade in pashmina wool. The project is under a World Bank
aided project known as National Agriculture Innovation Project.
The project 'Value Chain on Zone Free Cloned Embryos Production and
Development of Elite Germ Plasma Pashmina' hopes to change the pashmina
production scenario in the state. A six-member team will use somatic cells of the
goat to clone the cell to produce new pashmina goat. Scientists will use a hand-
guided cloning technique and the four-phased project will run for next three years.
NASA's Kepler Mission To Begin Quest To Find Planets Hosting Life
NASA's Kepler spacecraft is all set to begin its maiden journey in search for worlds
that could potentially host life. The spacecraft is scheduled to blast-off from Cape
Canaveral Air Force Station, in Florida aboard a Delta II rocket on March 5, 2009.
Kepler is the first mission with the ability to find planets like Earth. The mission will
study rocky planets that orbit sun-like stars in a warm zone where liquid water
could be maintained on the surface that is believed to be essential for the formation
of life.
The mission will spend three-and-a-half years in the space. It will survey more than
100,000 sun-like stars in the Cygnus-Lyra region of our Milky Way galaxy. It is
expected to find hundreds of planets of the size of earth and larger, at various
distances from their stars.
ISRO To Use Home-Grown Cryogenic Engine For GSLV Launch
The India Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will use an indigenously developed
cryogenic engine to launch the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
Reports say that IRSO will undertake the launch operation in July this year. The
use of home-grown cryogenic engine to put GSAT-4 into orbit will end India's
dependency on Russia. India has been importing the cryogenic engines from
Russia since 1991. So far, India has launched five GSLV rockets. But now ISRO
has developed its own cryogenic engines and all the tests have been completed
successfully, the source added.
The launch of GSAT-4 communication satellite using an indigenously developed
cryogenic engine will provide internet connectivity in remote villages. The ISRO is
also considering to use the GSLV for the Chandrayaan-II mission scheduled for
2012. Earlier, ISRO used PSLV to launch Chandrayaan-I.
January
1.World's First Internet Car Radio Unveiled
The Australian researchers have developed a new internet car radio for the first
time which enables the users to access 30,000 stations including online broadcasts
and AM and FM stations from all round the globe. The internet car radio developed
by Melbourne-based online radio aggregator miRoamer was launched in prototype
form at the 2009 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. miRoamer has signed
a deal with German-based Blaupunkt which is one of the largest producers of car
radios in the world.
Under the new deal, Blaupunkt will produce internet radios which will be fitted in
latest models by car manufacturers such as Ford, Holden, Mercedes, BMW and
Audi. The internet radio will also be sold separately for those who want to install it
in their cars. It is very imperative that radio lovers will prefer internet car radio to
traditional broadcasters as it offers a huge number of stations from all over the
world. The new product is expected to be launched in the US and Europe in the
second half of 2009. In more ways than one, the internet car radio is going to
revolutionise the way people listen to radio.
2.Motorola Unveils Cellphone Made From Recycled Water Bottles
Motorola has unveiled a new kind of mobile phone called MOTO W233 Renew
which is made from recycled plastic water bottles. According to the handset
manufacturing company, MOTO W233 Renew is also a carbon neutral phone. The
company is said to have collaborated with Carbonfund.org to manufacture the new
mobile phone. Interestingly the container that holds the phone is also made from
recycled material.
In order to uplift its recycling program for mobile phones and accessories, Motorola
has also entrusted another postage-paid box with the MOTO W233 Renew which
can be used by customers to mail their old phones back to the company for
recycling. The postage-paid box is also made from recycled paper, claimed
Motorola.
The new MOTO W233 Renew offers nine hours of talk time with ChrystalTalk
technology and has messaging capabilities. The new mobile handset from Motorola
is expected to be launched at the 2009 International CES in Las Vegas. The phone
will be available in the market by the first quarter of 2009.
MOTO W233 Renew has been designed for eco-conscious consumers as well as
for those who loves to make phone calls. The recycling program of Motorola is
ready to accept any mobile phone or accessory for recycling which it feels will help
to recover valuable materials for reuse that will reduce environmental impact.
3.UK Doctors Deliver Cancer-Proof Baby
The first British baby genetically selected to be free of a breast cancer gene has
been born. She grew from an embryo screened to ensure it did not contain the
faulty BRCA1 gene, which passes the risk of breast cancer down generations.
According to the sources of University College Hospital in London the mother, a 27-
year-old Londoner, and her little girl were in very good condition. Women in three
generations of the father's family have been diagnosed with the disease in their
20s, including his mother, grandmother, sister and cousin.
A girl born with the altered BRCA1 gene have a 50-80% chance of developing
breast cancer - but screening can prevent this. The technique used is known as
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), which involves taking a cell from an
embryo at the eight-cell stage of development, when it is around three-days old,
and testing it.
The treatment follows the green-signal given by Britain's Human Fertilization and
Embryology Authority in 2006, which said doctors could test for 'susceptibility
genes' such as BRCA1. A properly functioning BRCA1 protein helps stop cancer
before it starts but faulty genes greatly increase the risk of cancer.
BRCA1 and a related version of another gene, BRCA2, account for around 5% of
breast cancer.
Sony To Launch World's Lightest 8-Inch Notebook PC
In a bid to capture the rapidly growing market for ultra-portable personal
computers, Sony Corp of Japan decided to launch 8-inch notebook PC which is
considered to be one of the lightest laptops in the world. The new Sony Vaio PC
will have Microsoft Corp's Windows Vista operating system. Windows Vista
operating system incorporated in Sony laptops will support all the software
programs found in full-sized notebooks.
While revealing the plan, Sony said that the new notebook weighs only 1.4 pounds
and it is as thin as a mobile phone. The notebooks will available for pre-orders and
were released in the market in the first week of February 2009. the Sony notebook
is priced at about $900, setting itself apart from Netbooks.
The Red Planet Of Mars May Have Life On It
NASA, the space agency of USA, may be ready to announce alien microbes living
below the Martian soil are the cause of a methane haze surrounding the Red
Planet of Mars.
Researchers from around the world have shown a greater interest in the Red
Planet, as possible traces of water and ice dust have raised hopes of discovering
signs of life on or underneath the planet's surface. Even though methane is created
on Earth by volcanoes, scientists haven't found any active volcanoes on the Red
Planet.
In addition, it seems NASA researchers found high levels of methane in the same
regions as water vapor clouds, which are absolutely necessary for life. The study
was conducted during a seven year examination of the planet.
Indian Scientists Conduct Anti-Warming Experiment In Antarctic Ocean
A group of scientists from India and Germany jointly conducted an anti-warming
experiment in Antarctic Ocean. It is believed that the experiment may find out a
possible solution to on-going global warming crisis. The scientists began their
experiment by scattering iron powder on hundreds of square kilometres of the
Antarctic Ocean. The iron powder will fertilize the growth of phytoplankton which
will eventually remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and take it deep under
the ocean surface.
The technology of iron fertilization is likely to stop global warming at a very little
cost. About six tonnes of iron are to be scattered on 300 sq km of sea. The group
of scientists which left Cape Town on board the Polarstern on January 7 includes
thirty Indian and 18 from other nations. The tiny organism called phytoplankton can
eliminate carbon dioxide which is the main greenhouse gas contributing to global
warming. The technology used by the Indian and German scientists can be path-
breaking one in curbing global warming which stands out to be a major threat to
mankind.
09 A Year that showcased India’s Economic Strength
After several years of rapid growth, 2009 will prove a testing year for India. Since
the whole world is in trouble with a deep recession, huge economic drop and other
financial crisis we suffer a lot from problems. Even though at end of the 3rd
financial quarter it show a good sign of recovery in every sector but comparatively
with world developing economies we are falling down.

That is
Chain’s exports growth at December is 17.7%
India’s exports growth at December is 15%
Like this we are back at some places but overall we gain more than we loose. The
various we gained are as follows
Inflation:
Inflation continues to pose a threat. Inflation peaked at 12% in early August ‘08.
Inflation is being caused by rapid growth (demand pull factors) but, also the cost
push inflation factors (rising oil prices). Hopefully, the fall in oil prices and higher
interest rates will reduce inflation without causing too much of a slowdown.
Economic Growth:
After reaching growth of 9.8% in 2007/08, growth is expected to slow down to 7%.
This might not be a bad thing as it will avoid inflationary pressures building further.
However, some worry the global credit crunch could reduce growth much more.
Global Recession and Indian Economy
It appears that Europe, Japan and the US are entering into recession. Falling
house prices, crisis in the financial system, and lower confidence could lead to a
sharp downturn, with the worst still to come.
Many argue that India’s growth is not so dependent on growth in the West.
However, the Indian stock markets have been hit by the global crisis. India’s
growing service sector and manufacturing sector would be adversely impacted by a
global downturn. However, I still feel that India’s economic success is not
dependent on growth in the West, and at worst India’s growth rate will be less than
hoped for. The Indian governments still have a target of 10% growth for 2010/11,
but, I think this could prove unrealistic.
Challenges for Indian Economy in 2009
1. Getting inflation under control
2. Spreading the benefits of growth more equitably.
3. Completing investment projects which are essential for long term development of
economy.
4. Dealing with global financial uncertainty, which will make capital flows and exports
more difficult.
Sensex in 2009
After falling in 2008, the Sensex could offer one of the best returns for global stock
markets. India’s strong economic growth will buck the global trend for lower growth.
Indian Rupee 2009
The Indian Rupee has had a surprisingly weak year. The Rupee has fallen from 39
Rupee to 1$ in January 2008, to 44 Rupee in September. Real interest rates in
India are still negative, but, if the Indian inflation rate is reduced, and the
government resists the temptation to go all out for growth, the Rupee may rebound,
at least against the dollar, which will face more difficulties in 2009
re we becoming less human and more robotic?
Getting up early morning everyday I prepare myself to put up with the mundane
hectic tasks. I start from my house not very sure if I would make it into my office
commute or if I would have to take a public transport. After reaching office, all I
have to do is work for a stretch of 9 hours with little human intervention. I interact
more with the system than with the people around as everyone get engrossed in
their sphere of work. This is the general scenario we would find in an IT workplace.
But be it any field we have the words like tension and stress to describe it. So all
that I would like to mention here is that we are becoming less human and more
robotic. We cannot blame ourselves for this as we are bound to accept the changes
due to the evolutions which happen in every stage. We have evolved from the
Stone age to the Technical age with decaying shades of humanity. We exhibit the
topology of robotism in different realms of life.
 Recession in the IT Zone :
The impact of the global recession is felt even today. People had continued working even
though there were no salary hikes, promotions just because they had an indispensable
reason to be secure with a job. But the companies had fired many people for erratic reasons
which could not be taken into consideration. So does this imply that the company will thrive
on the hard work of its employees and would never turn back in difficult situations? We did
not have the Government to play any part in this scenario.

 A Police Officer Slaughtered to Death:


A police officer had been slaughtered to death in the suburbs of Thirunelveli during his
return from a court case. The case is still under execution and only God knows how long
they would prolong with this case. We have the video footage of his pathetic struggle for
survival during the last few minutes of his death. But no one had come forward to save his
life despite the fact that many big shots in politics had commuted via the route. The
Government now comes up with schemes like free education for the kids of the family and
lot more. But whatever they give as remuneration, will that be of any math to the departed
soul???

 Usage of demeaning language in Public Shows:


The public was shocked to see the usage of unparliamentary words by the so called big
people in Indian politics. Its instinctive to blurt out with an intemperate language when things
go out of the form we would like it to be. But they are people who represent the Indian
politics and their characteristics should speak for the civilizational developments and
upliftment of our nation. Often they do forget that they are losing the traits of a good human
being in their pursuit of political establishment for the enrichment of their lives.

 A True Life Incident Which Shook the City 5 years Back:


We have myriad messages and posters which say that drinking is injurious to health. But
the majority of the youth fail to understand this and when they do realize, it becomes too
late. This incident happened 5years back in the highways of ShreePerambathur which shook
the city with waves of sympathy and hatred towards the reprehensible youth. Five guys who
were just out of college were run down and killed in a car accident. It was found later that
their faulty driving and brains submerged in alcohol was the reason for their horrifying death.
Only two people were saved from this tragic incident but even today they live in a state of
depression. The other people had not been killed immediately. They were in a state of
impassioned plea before they lost their lives after an hour of struggle for survival. But the
public did not have the basic humanitarian traits to save those people. Everyone were
compounded by the after effects which the case would leave. But what is the purpose of
putting up a show of life here when we are not able to empathize and sympathize with our
fellow beings. We lack the basic affinity and love towards other people which was exuberant
during the times of our ancestors.

We are moving towards an age of technical advancement and development in all


fields forgoing our human traits and evolving with a robotic life!
Globalisation and the Human Empire
Globalization refers to diminishing of the barriers predominantly economic and to a
lesser extent –social, cultural etc. among the different countries. It refers to view
the entire world as a single market and a single manufacturing base. The supply
chain of a product may transcend all political boundaries. For Example: A Dell
laptop being sold in India may be composed of sub-assemblies from China, Korea,
Japan and mind you Dell is an American company.
Although Globalization is a recent phenomenon, it has been practiced in crude form
since time immemorial. Even Ancient Civilizations of Indus Valley, Mesopotamia
and Egyptian Civilization did not live in isolation and had trade linkages. In the
medieval times, Arab Traders provide a vital link for trade between India and
Central Asia, Europe. Industrial Revolution in England and other European
countries resulted in mass production and market for surplus goods had to be
found in erstwhile colonies. However, with the end of colonial era after the Second
World War, this form of globalization of colonial nature also came to an end. After
few decades ,the newly independent Nations relaxed the self imposed restrictions
and opened their economy thus , paving the way for a newer form of globalization-
which was not coerced but self enforced, which would serve their national interests
and was for their development and not exploitation. India was bit late to join this
race compared to its Asian companions–Asian Tigers of South –East Asia and
China .India came up with the New Industrial Policy in 1991 popularly known as
LPG –Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization. This policy marked a paradigm
shift and totally transformed India –economically as well as socially. India of today
is a totally different from the India of 1990.Gone are the days of Licensing Era
where people had very few choices and had to be contented with whatever was
available. People had to wait for years for even getting a scooter due to the quota
system in practice. Today’s consumer is flooded with choices and it has led to a
consumption driven economy where consumer is the undisputed king.
The process of Globalization ensures that the “have not” do not suffer due to non –
availability of required techniques, expertise and it thus prevents “Reinventing the
wheel”. Even the people of developing world can make avail of the latest
equipments and gadgets. For Example, even with no major Indian mobile handset
manufacturer, India has more than 500 mn mobile users .Globalization has thus
bring the world together and has enabled to share the resources in a better and a
effective way leading to human development .Globalization has redefined the
political relations among the Nations and world leaders realize that economics has
to take over politics. US and Russia have move closer .US is selling Treasury
Bonds to China to get out of recession and thus fostering a new US-China
relationship. The process of globalization has played a vital role in breaking the ice
between the nations.
Globalization is not just a economic process but it has a much wider social and
cultural implications. An Indian working in a BPO in a metropolitan city has a totally
changed life style. He sleeps when America sleeps, is awake when America is
awake, his food habits may become more American than Indian. This may result in
a cultural shift of a nation and may lead to a hybrid culture. We may get a
generation whose thought process is not polluted from age-old evils like caste
system, dowry etc but at the same time may not exercise moral restrictions like on
premarital sex, extra-marital affairs resulting in the collapse of the basic family
structure in India. Thus, such a hybrid culture, which may evolve-has both positives
and negatives and an approach to curb the negatives should be adopted.
The globalization has no doubt transformed many nations including India however ,
there are certain aspects of globalization which needs to be questioned .Is it really
a good for all models or just a form of neocolonialism? The dumping of goods by a
developing country in a developed country destroys local manufacturers. The
process of Globalization also goes against the Gandhian Philosophy of Self
Sustainability of Indian villages and self dependence in rural economy. It also
widens the rural urban divide. It also leads to a unplanned economic growth and
economies jump from primary stage to tertiary stage. A economic crisis in one
country creates havoc all over the world. As it was said of the current recession
–“One person’s cold leads to pneumonia to the other person”. Sub Prime Crisis in
US transformed into a global crisis- eating jobs of lakhs of people around the globe
and leading to bankruptcy of many companies and financial institutions
Globalization on the one hand has transformed the economies of many nations
including India, China and has brought them to the fore of the world politics; on the
other hand it has raised doubts in the minds of developing and under developed
nations about the intentions of developed countries. They found themselves at
logger-heads with each other on various platforms like WTO and Climate Change.
The time has come for resolving all such differences and make suitable reforms
and modifications in the existing institutions and structures. Emerging Nations like
India and China can play a vital role in eliminating the existing misunderstanding
and evolving a “Win-Win” situation for all. If it happens, the day would not be far
when we would realize the philosophy of “Vasudhev Kutumbkam” – in letter and
spirit.
openhagen - Will the PM's visit, make a difference?
There is interior relationship between environment and human life. A full
understanding of the challenges facing humanity requires knowledge of the
evolution of the roles of technology, population expansions, cultural mores, climate,
disease and warfare in changing human attitudes and responses through time.
More recent changes in the human-environment relationship, such as accelerated
globalization and global environmental change, have deep roots in humanity’s
relationship with nature over the past millennium. The Great Acceleration is
arguably the most profound and rapid shift in the human environment relationship
that the Earth has experienced. Important phenomena include a rise in human
population, the strengthening of nation states, the global transfer of inventions and
values, the beginning of industrialization and the rise of global communications,
and associated with these the dramatic modifications of land use and biodiversity,
hydrological and energy flows, and key ecological processes. The role of the
environment in economic thinking has changed substantially over the past 30 or 40
years.
“We have the moral responsibility to bequeath to our children a world which is safe,
clean and productive, a world which should continue to inspire the human
imagination with the immensity of the blue ocean, the loftiness of snow-covered
mountains, the green expanse of extensive forests and the silver streams of
ancient rivers” said by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh has attended the Copenhagen Summit on climate change December 18,
reflecting the seriousness attached by India to the meet where it is expected to play
a crucial role. The decision of the Prime Minister to attend the Summit comes
against the backdrop of insistence by world leaders, including US President Barack
Obama and French President Nicolas Sarkozy that he should come there. The
French President later told a press conference, "If India is to be heard, it needs to
be present", apparently referring to the need for Singh's presence. Some 80
Presidents and Prime Ministers were attended the two-day Summit on December
17-18.
India has an Energy Conservation Act under which it has identified 9 energy
intensive industries for observance of mandatory energy efficiency standards. The
NAPCC also has a National Mission on Improving Energy Efficiency. Being as a
developing country India has to encourage Indian industry to collaborate with its
counterparts across the world to exchange best practices and improve energy
efficiency through better management and/or technological innovation. However,
the setting of global standards for efficiency and/or emissions on a sector basis,
as legally binding commitments, is a different matter altogether. Firstly, such
standards cannot reduce to a single benchmark, wide difference in industrial
processes even within the same industry, on account of differences in input use,
the technology adopted the skill level of personnel employed and the overall social
and economic context in which production takes place. The global action on
Climate Change, based on the UNFCCC, is not conditional upon maintenance of
trade competitiveness or level playing fields. Climate change should remain
focused on addressing the implications of Climate Change and should not impose
any additional burdens on developing countries. Climate Change negotiations are
taking place against the backdrop of an increasingly globalized and interconnected
and interdependent world economy. At the 13th Conference of Parties in Bali, the
Parties had agreed to launch an Action Plan to enhance the implementation of the
UNFCCC. The Bali Action Plan seeks to ensure full, effective and sustained
implementation of the UNFCCC. Although being as a developing country, we have
announced that we will reduce the emissions intensity of our growth by 20-25% in
2020 as compared to 2005. India has also launched a comprehensive Action Plan
on Climate Change and the eight National Missions have been set up. We have
therefore adopted and started to implement a major National Action Plan on
Climate Change, relying upon our own resources. Our targets include installation of
20,000 MW of solar energy capacity by 2022, improving energy efficiency by 20%
by 2020 and adding an additional 6 million hectares of forests over the next several
years.
Therefore the Climate Conference in Copenhagen is essential for the world’s
climate and the PM's visit make a difference but it would be more effective when
participation of developed country is active. The hard effort of India in making the
meeting in Copenhagen a success ending up with a Copenhagen Protocol to
prevent global warming and climate change. Finally, it is clear that any agreement
on climate change should respect the need for development and growth in
developing countries. Equitable burden should not be given to the developing
countries like developed countries. It is India’s view that global warming is taking
place and taking place here and now and its adverse consequences will impact
most heavily on developing countries like India. As a responsible member of the
international community and largest democratic country, India PM’s visit indicates
seriousness to preserve and protect our environment.
Women In Indian Politics
It has been long since women have stepped out of their homes and have gained
eminent positions and status in almost every field of society, then be it education or
corporate world or Politics. Talking about India women has been involved in politics
since ages. The very first name of a woman in Indian politics who became a torch
leader for other women was Razia Sultan. She was the only woman to have ruled
Delhi ever. Another name that needs a special mention is Nur Jehan (wife of the
mughal emperor Jehangir) she was considered the real force behind the mughal
throne during the mughal reign.
The role of women in Indian politics witnessed in ancient India widened more in
British India. Annie Besant though was not an Indian but became the first women
president of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1915. In 1916 she launched a Home
League Movement to fight for Indians and actively participated in Indian
Independence Movement. Then there was Sarojini Naidu who became the first
Indian woman to be the president of INC in 1925 and became the Governor of
United Provinces (present Uttar Pradesh) on 15 Aug 1947.The status of women in
Indian politics was never more significant than after independence. This golden era
for women in Indian politics started with the name of Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit.
She was an active worker in Indian Nationalist Movement and was the first Indian
to be elected the president of UN General Assembly in 1953. Then came Sucheta
Kriplani who became Chief Minister of UP in 1963. The most important name in the
category of women politicians came in 1966 and that was Mrs. Indira Gandhi. She
became the first woman Prime Minister of India in 1966 and made the world stop
and notice the immense potential of women.
Today as per 73rd and 74th amendment acts, all local elected bodies reserve 1/3rd
of their seats for women. The names such as Mamta Banerjee, J.Jayalalitha, Uma
Bharti, Vasundhara Raje Sindhia, Sushma Swaraj, Rabdi Devi, Mayawati and last
but not the least the two young MP’s Agatha Sangma and Supriya Sule are the well
known politicians. Mrs. Sheila Dikshit have been elected the CM of Delhi 3rd time,
Mrs. Pratibha Devi Singh Patil is holding the post of the President of the biggest
democracy in the world and Mrs. Sonia Gandhi following the footsteps of her
mother in law is heading INC the party ruling the nation. Though today the number
of female politicians is less as compared to male politicians but they seem to be
standing at more dominant and powerful positions. At last I would like to conclude
with a quote “In politics, if you want anything said, ask a man. If u want anything
done, ask a woman.
urrent affairs, is the mainstay of the civil service examination, what with one
portion of the exam dedicated to general studies. The current affairs of india and
international current event affairs, are an important part of the general studies
paper, both in the mains and the prelims. At the interview current affairs news rules
and decides the rank of the candidate and even whether s/he will get through or
not. In such a scenario the coverage of current affairs in india as well as current
world affairs, becomes an important part of your preprations.
People in the News
Discuss Current Affairs
Current Affairs Quiz - new
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In
India, we are covering the 2010 current affairs including politics current affair,
current affair news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair,
current government affair and international current affairs. Only studying India's
current affairs or political current affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover
international events and current affairs along with the Indian current affairs, as well
as those in the field of science and sports.

• Gilgit Baltistan region elected its first Chief Minister Mehdi Shah on the basis
of Gilgit Baltistan Empowerment & Self Governance Order 2009. The new
appointed CM declare the Gilgit Baltistan region as 5th province of Pakistan.
The Indian Govt has, however, of the view that the region was part of J & K,
and thus objected to the remarks of CM.
• Venezuela devalued it currency ‘Bolivar’.
• A massive earthquake strike Haiti, the Carribbean nation. Capital of Haiti is
Port-au-Prince.
• Mahinda Rajapaksa won a second term as Sri Lanka’s President. He belongs
to Sri Lanka Freedom Party.
More International News

• Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visit India in Jan 2010. She
belongs to Awami League Party. The two countries signed five agreements –
on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, on transfer of sentenced
persons and on combating international terrorism, organized crime & illicit
drug trafficking besides MOU on cooperation in the power sector and on
cultural exchanges. India give Bangladesh a $ 1 billion line of credit, the
biggest it has given to any country so far.
• South Korea President Lee Myung Bak visit India in Jan 2010. The two
countries decided to double the bilateral trade to $ 30 billion by 2014. Four
facts were signed between two countries – cooperation in peaceful use of
outer space, IT, science & technology for the year 2010-12 and transfer of
sentenced persons. South Korean President was also the chief guest at 2010
Republic Day Parade.
• Gujarat Local Authorities Law (amendment) Bill 2009- The Bill makes it the
duty of a qualified voter to vote during elections to local bodies. Voting is
compulsory, but the Bill allows voters to cast their vote in favour of none of the
candidates. Election officers will declare those who fail to vote defaulter, and
serve them a notice.
• India and China has decided to start joint military exercise from 2011.
• Najib Razak, Malaysia Prime Minister visit India in Jan 2010.
• Govt launched Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission. Key highlights of the
mission are :
○ To create an enabling policy framework for the deployment of 20,000
MW of solar power by 2020.
○ To create favourable conditions for solar manufacturing capability for
indigenous production and market leadership.
○ To promote programmes for off grid applications, reaching 1000 MW
by 2017 and 2000 MW by 2022.
○ To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017
and 20 million by 2022.
○ To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022.
• New Governors appointed : a) M K Narayanan – West Bengal, b)Shivraj Patil
– Punjab, c) Mohsina Kidwai – Jharkhand, d) Shekhar Dutt – Chhattisgarh, e)
E S L Narasimhan – Andhra Pradesh.
• Govt plans to create a National Gas Highway Development Authority. The
present Gas Pipeline Density in India is 3.29 Km per 1000 Sq.Km.
• Govt plans to set up a National Green Tribunal to control Carbon Emissions
and pollution. It will be responsible for implementing the low carbon roadmap
to be set forth in the 12th Five Year Plan.
More National News

• U-19 World Cup 2010 held in New Zealand from 15 – 30 Jan 2010. Javagal
Srinath from India appointed as one of the match referee for the tournament.
• Australia won the U-19 World Cup for the third time defeating Pakistan. India
is placed at 6th rank. Australia won the cup for the third time.
• Rafael Nadal won the Capitala World Tennis Championsip, held at Abu Dhabi
defeating Robin Soderling.
• Magnus Carlsen becomes the youngest World No.1 chess player at the age
of 19 years breaking the Garry Kasparov’s record when he became the
world’s top ranked chess player at the age of 22 years in 1985. Magnus
Carlsen is the 5th player after Kasparov, Kramnik, Topalov and V.Anand
(India) to cross the 2800 ELO rating. In the Jan 2010 FIDE ranking, Carlsen
stood at 1st place, Topalov at 2nd place and V Anand at 3rd place.
• Marin Cilic defeated Staniglas Wawrinka to won Men’s singles title of Aircel
Chennai Open.
• Pakistan’s cricketer Shahid Afridi was banned for two T20 internationals after
he was found guilty of ball tempering in a ODI against Australia.
• Corus Chess Grandmaster Tournament won by Magnus Carlsen. V.Anand of
India ranked at 4th place. Hopman Cup 2010- Spain defeated Great Britain.
• Australian Open 2010 : Women’s Single- Serena William defeated Justin
Henin. It is Serena’s 5th Australian Open title. It is also Serena’s 12th Grand
Slam title equaling the record of Billie Jean King.
• Men’s Single- Roger Federer(Swiss) defeated Andy Murray(Britain). It is
Federer’s 4th Australian Open title. It is Federer’s 16th Grand Slam title.
• Men’s Double- Mike Bryan & Bob Bryan defeated Daniel Nestor & Nenad
Zimonjic.
• Women’s Double – Serena Williams & Venus Williams defeated Cara Black &
L Huber.
• Mixed Double – Laender Paes (India) & Cara Black (Zimbabwe) defeated
Ekterina Makasova & Jaroslav Levinsky. It is Paes’s 11th Grand Slam title.
More Sports News

• 97th Indian Science Congress held at Tiruvananthapuram in Jan 2010. The


theme of this year congress was ‘ Science & Technology of 21st Century-
National Perspective’.
• The longest annular solar eclipse on the third millennium occur on 15 Jan
2010. The next annular solar eclipse will be visible in year 3043. Annular
eclipse is occurred when the sun is visible like a ring of fire, with the moon
darkening its centre. The last annular solar eclipse visible from India was
occurred in 1976. In July 2010 also, a total solar eclipse will be occurred.
• There are three strains of wild Polio virus namely P1, P2 & P3. Type 2 wild
Polio virus (P2) was eliminated from the world in 1999.
• First public hearing on the introduction of Bt Brinjal (First Genetically Modified
Food Crop in India) was held in Kolkatta. Seven such public hearing are being
organized by Centre for Environment Education, for opinion of public in
respect of introduction of Bt Brinjal. 2nd hearing was held at Hyderabad.
• 50th anniversary of creation of LASER is being celebrated in 2010. Theodore
Maiman constructed the first LASER in May 1960. LASER stands for Light
Amplification for Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Charles H Townes was
father of MASER.
More Science and Technology News
• ‘All that you can’t leave behind’ written by Soumya Bhattacharya.
• ‘We Must Have No Price’ written by Arun Sourie.
• ‘Train to India- Memories of another Bengal’ written by Maloy kumar Dhar.
• ‘Not by Reason alone : The Politics of Change’ written by N K Singh.
• ‘Five Point Someone’ written by Chetan Bhagat.
• ‘Nehru : The invention of India’ written by Shashi Tharoor.
• ‘The Museum of Innocence’ written by Orhan Panuk.
• ‘Thoughts on Linguistic States’ written by B R Ambedkar.

• Billy Arjan Singh, wildlife conservationist and Padma Shri awardee died.
• Reema Kaushal Dharmashaktu became the first Indian woman to Ski to the
South Pole in Dec 2009 , as part of Commonwealth Antarctic Expedition
2009.
• P D Dinakaran, Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court faces impeachement
motion. The process was initiated in the Parliament. He is the first High Court
Chief Justice against whom impeachment motion have been initiated. Justice
V Ramaswami is the only judge to have faced impeachment proceedings in
parliament.
• Justice V S Sirpurkar appointed to head a three member panel to look into
allegation of land grab and misconduct against Chief Justice P D Dinakaran in
the wake of impeachment motion initiated against him in Parliament.
• Fahmida Mirza is the first woman Speaker of Pakistan National Assembly.
• Ricky Ponting, Australian cricket team captain, has been named as ESPN
Cricinfo Player of the Decade for 2000.
• Jyoti Basu, former West Bengal Chief Minister, died.
• Mrinal Pande, appointed as Chairman, Prasar Bharti Board.
• Lee Myung Bak, South Korea President was the Chief Guest at 2010
Republic Day Parade.
• Shiv Shankar Menon is appointed as National Security Advisor.
• Vikram Srivastava appointed as Director General of CRPF(Central Reserve
Police Force).
• Ranjit Kumar Bhatia appointed as Director General of ITBP (Indo Tibetan
Border Police).