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Index

357

Index
activated alumina, 135
abstraction, 191
activated-carbon, 348
adsorb nutrients, 118
adsorption, 338
advective migration, 192
Agati Island, 312
algae (chlorophylls), 12
alluvial aquifer, 192
analog models, 194
analytical element method, 206
analytical solution, 156, 200
anisotropic, 156
apparent resistivity, 30
aquifer parameters (T & S), 61
aquifer response, 190
aquifer storage and recovery (ASR), 112,
337
aquifer, 285
aquitard, 286
aquiclude, 62
archaean ages, 157
arid climate, 157
array, 29
arsenic contamination, 128
arsenicism, 128
arsenate, 142
arsenic, 137
arsenite, 143
artificial recharge, 3, 191, 337
asymptotic value, 89
augmentation, 112, 191, 337
automatic inversion, 44
Badon Ghyleen-Herzberg, 286, 287
barometric effects, 302
Barretts indexing technique, 17
basement rock, 53
basic functions, 206, 322
basin hydrology, 6
bedrock ridge, 58
bedrock topography, 57
bedrock, 158

benzene, 115
betex, 115
bias, 252
biodegradation, 245
biotite granite, 161
bipole-bipole array, 29
block estimation, 101
bootstrapping, 264
borehole logging, 314
borehole silting, 59
Botswana, 214
Boulton, 173
boundary conditions, 77, 220, 290
cables, 32
calculated variogram, 84
calibration, 8
chemical analysis, 289
chemical spills, 342
chemicals, 12
clays, 31
climate change, 294
clogging of bore wells, 337
clogging, 113
cloud characteristics, 13
coastal watershed, 295
colluvial sediments, 129
common effluent treatment plant (CETP),
349
community management, 335
compacted clay, 343
computer modeling, 44
concentration gradient, 192
conceptual models, 238
conditional simulation, 80
conductive fracture zone, 156, 165
conductive sphere, 38
conductivity, 301
confined aquifer, 62, 205
connectivity, 159
courant numbers, 246
contaminant transport, 115
contaminants, 243

358

Index

coral atolls, 313


coralline atolls, 291
correlation coefficient, 243
covariance, 82
cross covariance, 80
cross validation, 84
cryolite, 136
current, 29
Darcys law, 67, 294, 307
Darcian velocity, 194
data acquisition, 10
data error, 253
Death valley, 271
debt trap, 191
defluordiation, 135
delayed yield, 173
demographic pressures, 298
dental enamel, 129
deterministic methods, 80
dielectric properties, 14
digital data bases, 10
digital elevation models (DEM), 7
digital image processing, 9
digital techniques, 4
Dindigul, 55
dipole-dipole array, 30
dipping beds, 39
discontinuity, 159
dissolved organic matter (DOM), 12
double continuum, 169
double logarithmic scale, 45
double porosity model, 156, 168
drainage density, 5
drawdowns, 67
drought years, 335
Dupuit formula, 165
earth resistivity, 28, 316
eco-friendly technology, 351
effective porosity, 292
effluent, 113
electric analog, 190
electrical imaging, 50
electrical potential, 27
electrode spacing, 33, 36
electrodes, 32
electromagnetic profiling, 54, 317

electromagnetic radiation, 11
electronegative, 129
electronic conduction, 31
empirical techniques, 44
energy balance equation, 11
expected value (ensemble average), 81
erosion, 158
error variance, 253
evapo-transpiration, 13, 253
experimental variogram, 83
finite difference method, 53, 76, 201
finite element models, 320
finite element, 190, 204
first-order reactions, 245
flood control, 10
flood plain mapping, 10
flow meter, 156
fluoride, 103, 129
four electrode array, 30
Frac3DVS software, 212
FracMan software, 211
fractional dimension flow solution, 160
fracture density, 158
fracture properties, 156
fractures, 53
frequency domain electromagnetic
method (FDEM), 317
Galerkin method, 206, 321, 323
Gauss-Newton method, 241
generalized radial flow, 177
generic models, 189
geochemical process, 136
geoelectrical sounding, 50
Geographic Information System (GIS), 1
geological structure, 4, 31
geology, 3
geometric transformation, 9
geomorphic features, 6
geomorphological processes, 158
geomorphology, 3
geophysical methods, 314
geo-purification, 114
geostationary satellites, 13
geostatistics, 78
Ghyben-Herzberg, 313
Godavari Delta, 310

Index

Greens theorem, 324


Gringarten method, 176
groundwater management, 191
groundwater modeling, 1, 157
groundwater pollution, 191
groundwater restoration, 343
Groundwater Vistas, 210
Grout curtains, 344
hand pump, 58
hard rock aquifer, 156
hard rock, 35
hazard-free, 352
hazardous wastes, 339, 352
heavy metals (metalloids), 137
heavy metals, 351
hexavalent chromium, 343
Hele-Shaw physical model, 190
high islands, 291
histogram, 164
homogeneous half-space, 33
horizontal traversing, 34
hydraulic conductivity, 5
hydraulically conductive fractures, 164
hydrodynamic properties, 156, 157
hydrodynamic dispersion, 192, 290
hydrogeology, 2
hydrofluoric acid, 136
hydrological modeling, 3
hydrological variables, 80
hypertension, 144
impedance, 31
inductive coupling, 32
infiltration, 112
infrared images, 13
ingress of saline water, 190
initial conditions, 220
injection test, 165
injection, 112
interactive computer modeling, 44
interpolation, 79
interpretation techniques, 93
interpretive models, 189
intrinsic hypothesis, 82
inverse methods, 238
inverse modeling, 239
ionic conduction, 31
irregular function, 80

359

Jack knifing, 264


Kalahari beds, 216
Kavaratti Island, 313
keratosis, 138
Kodaganar, 55
Kriging, 78
Kulandaipatty, 56
Kumyere river valley, 214
Laccadive Islands, 312
leachate, 339
lag, 83
lagoons, 313
Lagrangian multiplier, 87
Lake Ontario, 309
Lambton county, 307
land fills, 339
land use, 11
landsat, 17
landscape roughness, 11
latent heat flux, 11
lineament, 58
linear confidence, 253
linear drift, 96
logarithmic drift, 79
longitudinal conductance, 48
longitudinal dispersivity, 306
low islands, 291
macroscopic dispersion, 289
Maheswaram, 161
Maheswaram watershed, 90
management models, 303
management of groundwater resources,
334
mass transport, 303
mathematical modeling, 200
Mathinipatty, 57
mechanical filtration, 338
melanosis, 138
metamorphic rocks, 104
method of characteristics, 247, 331
metrosat data, 14
micro-biological pollution, 191
microwave radiometer, 14
mineralization of bones, 129

360

Index

mineralogical analysis, 122


miscible fluids, 298
MMOC, 247
MOC, 207
model calibration, 221, 237
model error, 253
model predictions, 238, 254
MODFLOW, 201, 239
MODPATH, 207
molecular diffusion, 289
molecular diffusivity, 304
monsoon climatic regions, 191
moving neighbourhood, 89
MT3D, 207
MT3DMS, 247
multi component reactive transport, 244
multicore cables, 32
multi-layer, 206
multiple stakes, 32
multivariate, 79
NAPSAC, 213
Navier-Stokes equation, 174
nested models, 84
Neuman technique, 174
nitrification, 114
non-conductors, 31
non-continuum, 190
non-linear regression, 238
non-point sources, 296
non-randomness, 252
non-symmetric, 330
nugget effect, 86
numerical dispersion, 204
numerical modeling, 80
numerical models, 302
numerical simulation, 190
nutrients, 118
objective function, 239
offset Wenner electrode, 38
Ohms law, 195
Okavango Delta, 215
ordinary kriging, 103
organic pollution, 191
over-exploitation, 191, 335

packers, 300
parameter correlation coefficients (PCC),
257
parameter uncertainty, 256
partial differential equation, 204
particle tracking, 245
percolation tanks, 4
permeability, 17, 156
PEST, 239
phosphorous, 141
physical models, 115, 193
physiography, 292
plume treatment, 345
point sources, 296
pollution sources, 296
porosity, 31
porous medium, 158, 190
post-audits, 256, 265
post-monsoon, 91
potential electrode, 41
pre-cambrian, 157
predictor-corrector (P-C), 247
prediction scaled sensitivities (PSS), 257
prediction scenario runs, 222
prediction sensitivities, 256
predictive model, 189
pre-monsoon, 91
prevalence, 144
probabilistic framework, 81
pseudo-depth, 51
pseudo-section, 51
pulsed DC instruments, 32
pumping test, 64, 159
quadrilateral elements, 307
radar remote sensing, 14
radial flow, 164, 165
radio-active decay, 338
rainfall, 295
rainfall recharge, 91
random errors, 47
random function, 81
random walk model, 247
randomness, 9
range, 83
reaction kinetics, 115
realizations, 81

Index

recharge wells, 113


recovery, 122
redox reactions, 117
regional scale, 238
regionalized variables, 78
remote sensing, 1
representative elementary volume (REV),
330
resistance meters, 32
resistance-capacitance (R-C) analog
model, 195
resistivity techniques, 59
retardation, 243
reverse osmosis, 135
river Kodaganar, 55
RMS error, 221
rock matrix, 159
runoff models, 16
runoff, 295
rural drinking water management, 352
saltwater intrusion, 296, 302
satellite imagery, 59
scale effect, 179
Scatter plot, 221
Schlumberger, 29
seawater intrusion, 193, 288
secondary fracture network, 157
semi-arid climate, 157
semi-confined aquifer, 63
sensitivity analysis, 237
septic tanks, 338
silicate mineral, 129
sill, 83
simultaneous equations, 330
site-scale, 238
skeletal fluorosis, 132
slug tests, 157
slurry wall, 344
soil aquifer treatment (SAT), 114, 337
soil cover, 292
soil heat flux, 11
soil moisture, 11, 13
solar radiation, 11, 14
solid waste management, 351
sounding curve interpretation, 44
space, 99
spatial data, 10

361

spatial parameters, 80
spatial variability, 80
specific yield, 174
spectral properties, 12
stationarity, 82
statistical distribution, 156
steady state, 64
steady state calibration, 221
stochastic models, 9
storativity, 17, 61
submarine groundwater discharge, 286
surface parameters, 11
surface runoff, 295
surface spreading, 337
Sutra model, 304
SUTRA, 210
Taylors series, 196
tectonic activity, 158
tectonically fractured areas, 159
tectono-geomorphic model, 159
Theis type curve, 70
thematic layers, 4
theoretical variogram, 84
thermal properties, 12
thermal radiation, 12
thermodynamic properties, 244
tidal effects, 302
time, 9
time domain electromagnetic method
(TDEM), 317
toluene, 115
tomography, 50
topography, 295
total dissolved solids (TDS), 191
total suspended solids, 191
total variation diminishing (TVD), 247
toxicological, 133
transient solution, 160
transition zone, 289
transmissive function, 158
transmissivity, 18, 61
transverse dispersivity, 306
transverse resistance, 48
traversing, 34
triangular elements, 306
true resistivity, 36

362

Index

turbidity, 12
two-layer curve, 36
Ucode, 239
unbiased condition, 86
unbounded variogram, 92
uncertainties, 10
uncertainty evaluation, 237
unconfined aquifer, 285
unconsolidated weathered mantle, 159
uncropped dry fields, 58
un-fractured, 54
unique neighbourhood, 89
universal kriging, 89
unsaturated soil zone, 192, 238
unsaturated zone, 296
unsteady state condition, 64
vadose zone, 114, 337
Vaippar river basin, 85
validation, 237
value of improved information (voii)
statistic 262
v-anomalies, 52
vapour-extraction, 348
variance, 78

variographic analysis, 85
variogram, 79
vector format, 9
velocity, 164
vertical electrical sounding, 30, 35
Virudalaipatty, 57
virus concentration, 266
viscous fluid models, 194
volatilization, 338
volcanic rocks, 291
voltage, 29
voltmeter, 31
waste water, 118
water borne disease, 338
water interception, 294
water related issues, 10
water resources, 1, 6
watershed, 156, 295
weathered fractured medium, 156
weathering, 54
weighted residual, 241
well storage, 76
Wenner array, 29
Wenner sounding, 37
Winflow, 211