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Anoop A Parapurath IDC\PT 6th May 2014

IEC 61850 Basics

IEC 61850 Basics
Content
Part 1
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Utility, Substation & Substation automation function

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IEC & IEC 61850

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IEC 61850 Data Model

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Commonly used services of IEC 61850 (GOOSE, MMS)

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Performance requirement

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IEC 61850 basic engineering concept & Demo using PCM600

Part 2

© ABB Group
Month DD, Year

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ACSI & SCSM

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The Goal of the IEC 61850 standard

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Conformance testing handling & Tissues

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IEC 61850 Ed 2.0 – A quick glance

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IEC 61850 parts of the standard

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Conformance documents

IEC 61850 Basics

Part 1

© ABB Group
Month DD, Year

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Overview 400 kV Transmission substation Transformer 132/110 kV 66 / 33 kV Main substation Secondary substation 36kV .Utility .24kV – 12kV 400 V Distribution substation .

2015 | Slide 5 . Electric power may flow through several substations between generating plant and consumer. © ABB Group May 12. transmission and distribution system where voltage is transformed from high to low or the reverse using transformers.Substation An electrical substation is a subsidiary station of an electricity generation. and may be changed in voltage in several steps.

Substation Continued… © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 6 .

Substation Continued… © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 7 .

electronic and related technologies IEC 61850 Ed 1.0 => Communication networks and systems for power utility automation © ABB Group Month DD. Year | Slide 8 .IEC IEC 61850 The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is the world’s leading organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical.0 => Communication networks and systems in substations IEC 61850 Ed 2.

Power etc. Distance etc Operation of switches (Circuit breaker.Substation automation functions § Protection § § Control § § Earth fault. 2015 | Slide 9 . Voltage. Over current. Isolators etc) Monitoring § The position of switches § Current . § Warning & Alarming events Note: Only the basic functions and services are covered in this session © ABB Group May 12.

Single Line Diagram single-line diagram (SLD) is a simplified notation for representing a threephase power system Bay © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 10 .

2015 | Slide 11 Line to transmit Power .Substation automation functions Protection Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer Protection IED Protection IED © ABB Group May 12.

Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer Protection IED Fault current Blocking information Fault current Protection IED © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 12 Fault Line to transmit Power .Substation automation functions Protection Continued….

Substation automation functions Protection Continued…. 2015 | Slide 13 Line to transmit Power . Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer Protection IED Protection IED © ABB Group May 12.

2015 | Slide 14 § Operation of § Circuit breaker § Isolators § Earth switch .Substation automation functions Control Station HMI © ABB Group May 12.

Substation automation functions Control Continued…. 2015 | Slide 15 Protection & Control IED Protection & Control IED Line to transmit Power . Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer © ABB Group May 12.

2015 | Slide 16 Line to transmit Power .Substation automation functions Control Continued…. Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer Protection IED Protection IED © ABB Group May 12.

Voltage. 2015 | Slide 17 § Switch position § Current.Substation automation functions Monitoring Station HMI © ABB Group May 12. power § Alarming conditions .

2015 | Slide 18 Protection IED Line to transmit Power .Substation automation functions Summary Station HMI Transformer CT -> Current Transformer VT -> Voltage Transformer Protection IED Control Protection Monitoring *Apart from Station HMI. control and monitoring is possible locally at the IED or Switchgear *Arrow marks are shown only for explaining the The functionality © ABB Group May 12.

2015 | Slide 19 .Substation automation function Levels Process level Bay level Bay 1 Station level REPORT CONTROL GOOSE MMS IEC 61850 8-1 Station bus Bay 2 © ABB Group May 12.

2015 | Slide 20 .Substation automation function Levels Process level Bay level Bay 1 REPORT CONTROL MMS GOOSE IEC 61850 9-2 Process Bus Bay 2 Station level IEC 61850 8-1 Station bus MU – Merging Unit © ABB Group May 12.

Substation automation function Levels © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 21 .

Substation automation Data Exchange © ABB Group Month DD. Year | Slide 22 .

IEC 61850 Station bus §Data is transferred mainly according IEC 61850-8-1: §Control service §Commands §Report service §Indications to IEC 61850 clients §GOOSE service §Indication and information exchange between bay level IEDs §File transfer service §Transmission of disturbance records Note: Only commonly used services are mentioned. For more details on services refer IEC 61850 7-2 and IEC 61850 8-1 © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 23 .

2015 | Slide 24 Definition § An object which represent a specific function in a domain e. STMP. Hydro Power plant etc § A named grouping of data and associated services that is logically related to a function. S denote is logical node for a supervising function § A logical node type is created out of classes by adding prefix and instance number as suffix e.g.g Substation automation. § Logical node classes are defined in IEC 61850 7-4 § 4 letters are used for defining the logical node class e. § Smallest part of a function that exchanges data. XCBR § First letter represents the function group which belongs to e.g CNSCSTMP1 . in STMP.Logical Node (LN) § © ABB Group May 12.IEC 61850 Data model .g.

Logical Node LN class name DO name Description © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 25 Information from IEC61850 7-4 Ed (2.IEC 61850 Data model .0) .

IEC 61850
Data model - Logical Node Type

LN Type from LN Class
CNCSTMP1
Alm
Trip

Information from IEC61850 7-4 Ed (2.0)

Allows inclusion of vendor specific DOs while creating a LN type. Refer the MICS document
© ABB Group
May 12, 2015 | Slide 26

IEC 61850
Data model – Common Data Class

© ABB Group
May 12, 2015 | Slide 27

Information from IEC61850 7-4 Ed (2.0)

IEC 61850
Data model – Common Data Class

© ABB Group
May 12, 2015 | Slide 28

Information from IEC61850 7-3 Ed (2.0)

2015 | Slide 29 .IEC 61850 Data attribute .quality © ABB Group May 12.

IEC 61850 Data reference – From LN level CNCSTMP1/Alm/stVal CNCSTMP1/Alm/q CNCSTMP1/Alm/t © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 30 .

g.IEC 61850 Logical Device (LD) • Entity that represents a set of typical automation. 2015 | Slide 31 IEC 61850 View . Protection . Monitoring. Control etc IED Name (Technical Key) Logical devices Physical device © ABB Group May 12. protection or other functions • It is a meaningful collection of LNs for performing a common action e.

IEC 61850 Data reference from communication interface CNSCSTMP1 Alm Trip IECV1208a/CNC_1/CNSCSTMP1/Alm/stVal © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 32 .

IEC 61850 Data Model © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 33 .

2015 | Slide 34 .Substation automation function Monitoring – Report Service Process level Bay 1 Bay level Station level REPORT IEC 61850 8-1 Station bus Bay 2 MU – Merging Unit © ABB Group May 12.

IEC 61850 Report Service • Two Party Association => Client – Server based Report Control block Attributes for Data exchange Dataset CNC_1\CNCSTMP1\Alm (FC=ST) CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm (FC=ST) CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm (FC=ST) FCDA => Used to group commonly used data attributes for easy retrieval © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 35 Collection .

2015 | Slide 36 Trigger option Data change (DChg ) Quality change (QChg) Data update (Dupd) Cyclic time Integrity (Cyclic) General interrogation Type of Reporting Buffered Un-buffered Buffer Time (BufTm) .IEC 61850 Report Service Report Control block Dataset CNC_1\CNCSTMP1\Alm (FC=ST) CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm (FC=ST) CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm (FC=ST) © ABB Group May 12.

IEC 61850 Report Service BRCB – Buffered Report Control Block Internal events (caused by trigger options data-change. quality-change. © ABB Group May 12. such that values of data object are not lost due to transport flow control constraints or loss of connection. and data-update) issue immediate sending of reports orbuffer the events (to some practical limit) for transmission. BRCB provides the sequence-of-events (SOE) functionality. 2015 | Slide 37 .

events may be lost. quality-change.IEC 61850 Report Service URCB – Un-buffered Report Control Block Internal events (caused by trigger options data-change. and data-update) issue immediate sending of reports. © ABB Group May 12. or if the transport data flow is not fast enough to support it. 2015 | Slide 38 . If no association exists.

IEC 61850 GOOSE • • • Generic Object Oriented Substation Event Multicast Fast transfer GOOSE Control block Attributes for Data exchange Dataset CNC_1\CNCSTMP1\Alm . 2015 | Slide 39 Collection .q © ABB Group May 12.stVal CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm.

IEC 61850 GOOSE GOOSE Control Block Dataset CNC_1\CNCSTMP1\Alm .stVal CNC_1\CNCSTMP2\Alm.q APP-ID VLAN-ID VLAN-PRIORITY MinTime MiaxTime © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 40 .

T1 T2. retransmission in stable conditions may be shortened by an shortest retransmission time after the event. T3 retransmission times until achieving the stable conditions time. © ABB Group May 12.IEC 61850 GOOSE MinTime T0 (T0) event. . 2015 | Slide 41 MaxTime retransmission in stable conditions (no event for a long time).

IEC 61850 Performance requirement © ABB Group May 12. 2015 | Slide 42 .

2015 | Slide 43 .IEC 61850 Performance requirement Continued… © ABB Group May 12.

intertrips and logic discrimination between protection functions. Therefore. © ABB Group May 12. this message has more demanding requirements compared to all other fast messages. 2015 | Slide 44 .IEC 61850 Performance requirement Continued… Type 1A “Trip” The trip is the most important fast message in the substation. Same performance may be requested for interlocking.

This performance is also valid for such messages between a substations automation systems and other local systems.IEC 61850 Performance requirement Continued… Type 1B “Others” All other fast messages are important for the interaction of the automation system with the process but have less demanding requirements compared to the “trip”. The performance for automation functions are typically between the response time of operators (order of 1 000 ms) and of protection (order of 10 ms). 2015 | Slide 45 . © ABB Group May 12.

Year • SED System Exchange Description • IID Instantiated IED Description | Slide 46 .SSD are the file types used during engineering and are based on SCL • ICD IED Capability Description • SCD System Configuration Description • SSD System Specification Description Note: IEC 61850 Ed 2.0 Engineering .IEC 61850 Ed 1.SCL • Engineering information exchange is done using Substation Configuration Language (SCL) • XML format • ICD.0 uses two more file types IID and SED for engineering © ABB Group Month DD. SCD.

0 Engineering workflow ICD SCD © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Ed 1. Year | Slide 47 .

Year | Slide 48 . e.IEC 61850 IED Configurator • Create the ICD file. which a CID file could be a part of.g. • To modify the data model. and for generating and loading the IED instance specific configuration data. by means of the SCL Input section. parameter and configuration values either for a new ICD file • IED configurator is responsible for binding incoming data from other IEDs as defined within an imported SCD file to internal signals. • Write the Configuration into IED PCM600 © ABB Group Month DD.

IEC 61850 System Configurator • Create IED instances • Engineer the data flow between the IEDs. Year | Slide 49 . refer IEC 61850-6 Ed2. give addresses to them Note: For the detailed capability of System Configurator.0 Page 109 PCM600 © ABB Group Month DD.

0 Page 109 IET600 © ABB Group Month DD. give addresses to them • Bind the logical nodes to the primary system Note: For the detailed capability of System Configurator. refer IEC 61850-6 Ed 2.IEC 61850 System Configurator Continued… • Create IED instances from IED templates • Engineer the data flow between the IEDs. Year | Slide 50 .

0 Engineering workflow System Configurator IED Configurator © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Ed 1. Year § Instantiation of 2 REC650 IEDs § Creation of Dataset for GOOSE service § Creation of GOOSE control block § Connecting to GOOSE data to subscribing IED § Creation of Dataset for Report service § Creation of Report control block § Generation of SCD file and quick walk through | Slide 51 .

Year | Slide 52 .IEC 61850 Basics Part 2 © ABB Group Month DD.

g. Control value (ctlVal) carries the value whether to open or close the switch Reference : IEC 61850 -7-2 Ed 2.IEC 61850 ACSI – Abstract Communication Service Interface ACSI defines • A hierarchical class model of all information that can be accessed via a communication network • E.g. get the list of Logical nodes under an LD • Services that operate on these classes • E. Control services like operate • Parameters associated with each service • E.0 © ABB Group Month DD.g. Year | Slide 53 .

SCSM © ABB Group Month DD. IEC 61850-7-2) to MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification.IEC 61850 SCSM – Specific Communication Service Mapping It specifies the mapping of the objects and services of the ACSI (Abstract Communication Service Interface. ISO 9506)and ISO/IEC 8802-3 frames. Year | Slide 54 .

Reference : IEC 61850 -8-1 Ed 2.. Year | Slide 55 .IEC 61850 SCSM – Specific Communication Service Mapping Continued.0 © ABB Group Month DD.

com/2010/08/many-abstract-and-concrete-layers-in.html © ABB Group Month DD. SCSM Reference : http://blog.iec61850. Year | Slide 56 ..IEC 61850 SCSM – Specific Communication Service Mapping Continued.

Year | Slide 57 Stack Interface MMS TCP/IP Ethernet Stack selection following state-of-art Communication technology Approach of IEC61850 .IEC 61850 Long term stability Slow Application Domain Substation Long-term definition Safe-guarding investments Application •Objects •Services Abstract Interface Adaptation per selected stack Mapping Fast Communication Technology 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISO/OSI seven layer stack © ABB Group Month DD.

2015 | Slide 58 .IEC 61850 A view of Data model and services © ABB Group May 12.

© ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 The goal of the IEC 61850 standard Interoperability The ability for IED’s from one or several manufacturer to exchange information and use the information for the their own functions.e. Free Configuration The standard shall support different philosophies and allow a free allocation of functions e. i. it must be able to follow the progress in communication technology as well as evolving system requirements.g. Year | Slide 59 . Can work in a centralized architecture as well as distributed architecture Long Term Stability The standard shall be future proof.

IEC 61850 Interoperability ABB ABB © ABB Group Month DD. Year | Slide 60 SIEMENS SIEMENS ALSTOM .

8-1 © ABB Group Month DD.10 • Common standardized conformance tests IEC 61850 -7 -3.7-2. § • Common standardized data model • Common standardized service model • Common standardized protocol • Common standardized communication architecture IEC 61850 .IEC 61850 Interoperability Continued..6 • Common standardized engineering data exchange IEC 61850 . Year What is needed for interoperability: | Slide 61 . 7-4 IEC 61850 .

0 © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Free configuration Reference : IEC 61850 -5 Ed 2. Year | Slide 62 .

IEC 61850 Long term stability Slow Application Domain Substation Long-term definition Safe-guarding investments Application •Objects •Services Abstract Interface Adaptation per selected stack Mapping Fast Communication Technology 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISO/OSI seven layer stack © ABB Group Month DD. Year | Slide 63 Stack Interface MMS TCP/IP Ethernet Stack selection following state-of-art Communication technology Approach of IEC61850 .

10 UCA international user group (ucaiug) • Manages Quality program • IEC 61850 Testing sub committee • Set-up and maintain test procedures • Accreditation procedures for test labs • Sharepoint with documents. minutes of meeting and certificates http://www. Year | Slide 64 .ucaiug.org/ © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Standardised conformance test IEC 61850 .

Year | Slide 65 .IEC 61850 Standardised conformance test IEC 61850 .10 Vendor independent Testing agency Link for presentation from KEMA Link to the IEC 61850 conformance certificate of products © ABB Group Month DD.

com/default.tissues.iec61850.iec61850.IEC 61850 Tissues • Technical Issues in the released standard • http://tissues.com maxAttributes * Information from IEC61850 group in Yammer © ABB Group Month DD.mspx • *This site has no search unfortunately. However. Year | Slide 66 . you can search it using Google search.iec61850.com what-I-look-for Example: site:http://www. with the following search string: • site:http://www.tissues.

IEC 61850 Ed 2. Year | Slide 67 .0 Communication networks and systems for power utility automation © ABB Group Month DD.

Year | Slide 68 .0 Extended Data Exchange © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Ed 2.

Year | Slide 69 .0 Engineering © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Ed 2.

5 Ed 2.0 © ABB Group Month DD.IEC 61850 Ed 2. Year | Slide 70 .0 Reference : IEC 61850.0 Parts of the standard New documents in IEC 61850 Ed 2.

IEC 61850 Conformance documents MICS • Model Information Conformity Statement PICS • Protocol Information Conformity Statement PIXIT • Protocol Implementation Extra information TICS • © ABB Group Month DD. Year | Slide 71 Technical Issue Conformance Statement .

Year | Slide 72 .IEC 61850 Useful Links Yammer IEC61850 Group LinkedIn 61850 Group IEC61850 Blog © ABB Group Month DD.