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“In GOD WE TRUST”

A Project Report on SEQUENCES
A Project Report on
SEQUENCES

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Abhishek Sharma Prof. Harmesh Lal B.Com Final Comm.Dept. Roll No. 1107

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I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
  • I Abhishek Sharma , Student of

I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

this Presentation on

B.Com Final

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I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

Sequences of Indian Oil

To Our Opration Research Prof.

I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

Harmesh

I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

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I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

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I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

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I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian
I Abhishek Sharma , Student of this Presentation on B.Com Final Submitting ‘ Sequences of Indian

Prof. Harmesh Lal

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<Concept> <Page no.> 1. Introduction 4-9 2. Sequences 10-11 3. Organisational Structure 12 4. Sequence In
<Concept> <Page no.> 1. Introduction 4-9 2. Sequences 10-11 3. Organisational Structure 12 4. Sequence In
<Concept> <Page no.> 1. Introduction 4-9 2. Sequences 10-11 3. Organisational Structure 12 4. Sequence In

<Concept>

<Page no.>

  • 1. Introduction

4-9

  • 2. Sequences

10-11

  • 3. Organisational Structure

12

  • 4. Sequence In Projects

  • 6. Conclusion

13-18

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An
An

Indian Oil Corporation, or IndianOil, is an Indian public-sector petroleum company. It is Indias largest commercial enterprise, ranking 105th on the Fortune Global 500 list in 2009. IndianOil and its subsidiaries account for a 47% share in the petroleum products market, 40% share in refining capacity and 67% downstream sector pipelines capacity in India. The Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India's 19 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 60.2 million metric tons per year.

IndianOil operates the largest and the widest network of fuel stations in the country, numbering about 17606 (15557 regular ROs & 2049 Kissan Sewa Kendra). It has also started Auto LPG Dispensing Stations (ALDS). It supplies Indanecooking gas to over 47.5 million households through a network of 4,990 Indian distributors. In addition,

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IndianOil's Research and Development Center (R&D) at Faridabad supports, develops and provides the necessary technology solutions to the operating divisions of the corporation and its customers within the country and abroad. Subsequently, IndianOil Technologies Limited - a wholly owned subsidiary, was set up in 2003, with a vision to market the

]History

IndianOil began operation in 1959 as Indian Oil Company Ltd. The Indian Oil Corporation was formed in 1964, with the merger of Indian Refineries Ltd.

[edit]Products

IndianOil's product range covers petrol, diesel, LPG, auto LPG, aviation turbine fuel, lubricants, naphtha, bitumen, paraffin, kerosene etc. Xtra Premium petrol, Xtra Mile diesel, Servo lubricants, Indane LPG, Autogas LPG, Indian Oil Aviation are some of its prominent brands. Recently Indian Oil has also introduced a new business line of supplying LNG (liquefied natural gas) by cryogenic transportation. This is called "LNG at Doorstep". LNG headquarters are located at the Scope Complex, Lodhi Road, Delhi.

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[edit]Refineries

Digboi Refinery , in Upper Assam, is India's oldest

refinery and was commissioned in 1901. Originally a part of Assam Oil Company, it became part of IndianOil in 1981. Its original refining capacity had been 0.5 MMTPA since 1901. Modernisation project of this refinery has been completed and the refinery now has an increased capacity of 0.65 MMTPA. Guwahati Refinery , the first public sector refinery of the

country, was built with Romanian collaboration and was inaugurated by Late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, on 1 January 1962.

Barauni Refinery , in Bihar, was built in collaboration with Russia and Romania. It was commissioned in 1964 with a capacity of 1 MMTPA. Its capacity today is 6 MMTPA. Gujarat Refinery , at Koyali in Gujarat in Western India, is

IndianOils largest refinery. The refinery was commissioned in 1965. It also houses the first hydrocracking unit of the country. Its present capacity is 13.70 MMTPA. Haldia Refinery is the only coastal refinery of the Corporation, situated 136 km downstream of Kolkata in the Purba Medinipur (East Midnapore) district. It was commissioned in 1975 with a capacity of 2.5 MMTPA, which has since been increased to 5.8 MMTPA

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Mathura Refinery was commissioned in 1982 as the

sixth refinery in the fold of IndianOil and with an original capacity of 6.0 MMTPA. Located strategically between the historic cities of Delhi and Agra, the capacity of Mathura refinery was increased to 7.5 MMTPA. Panipat Refinery is the seventh refinery of IndianOil. The original refinery with 6 MMTPA capacity was built and commissioned in 1998. Panipat Refinery has doubled its refining capacity from 6 MMT/yr to 12 MMTPA with the commissioning of its Expansion Project.

Subsidiary refineries Bongaigaon Refinery (2.95 MMTPA), Chennai Petroleum (9.5 MMTPA)

[edit]Group companies and joint ventures

IndianOil Technologies Ltd : IndianOil Technologies Ltd.is the marketing arm for the entire range of technologies developed at the gfjurftyd

R&D Centre of Indian Oil Corporation Limited. IndianOil Technologies Ltd. headquarters are located at IndianOil R&D Centre , Faridabad.

IndianOil (Mauritius) Ltd.

Lanka IOC PLC - Group company for Sri Lanka retail and storage operations which is listed on Colombo's stock

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exchange. It was locked into a bitter subsidy payment dispute with Sri Lanka's Government which has since been

resolved. [citation needed]

IOC Middle East FZE

Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

Bongaigoan Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd.

Green Gas Ltd. - joint venture with Gas Authority of

India for city-wide gas distribution networks. Indo Cat Pvt. Ltd., with Intercat, USA, for manufacturing

15,000 tonnes per annum of FCC (fluidised catalytic cracking) catalysts & additives in India. Numerous exploration and production ventures with Oil India Ltd., Oil and Natural Gas Corporation

[edit]International rankings

Indian Oil is the highest ranked Indian company in the Fortune Global 500 listing, the 116 th position(in 2008) based on fiscal 2007 performance. It is also the 18th largest petroleum company in the world and the number one petroleum trading company.

[edit]Loyalty programs

XTRAPOWER Fleet Card Program is aimed at Large Fleet Operators. Currently it has 1 million customer base. XTRAREWARDS is a recently launched loyalty program for retail customers where customers can earn reward points on their purchases.in the org

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[edit]Competitors

Indian Oil Corporation has two major domestic competitors, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum. Both are state-controlled, like Indian Oil Corporation. There are two private competitors, Indian Oil Petroleum and Essar Oil.

[edit]Concerns

Indian Oil Corporation earned concerns about the state of affairs in its marketing business when Shanmugam Manjunath, a marketing manager and an MBA from prestigious Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, was murdered in 2005 for sealing a corrupt petrol station in the state of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.). [citation needed]

The corporation's Mathura Refinery unit has also remained constantly in news due to the threat of air pollution created by it.

[edit]Oil Industry Development Board

India has begun the development of a strategic crude oil reserve sized at 37.4 million barrels, enough for two weeks of consumption. [1] Petroleum stocks have been transferred from the Indian Oil Corporation(IndianOil) to the Oil Industry Development

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Before we continue we have to clear the exact meaning of Sequences. We all know that
Before we continue we have to clear the exact meaning of Sequences. We all know that
Before we continue we have to clear the exact meaning of Sequences. We all know that

Before we continue we have to clear the exact meaning of Sequences. We all know that today Business is a more and more complicated world. All companies , Firms , Organisations , Business Concerns etc. want to earn more and more profit. For the fulfillment of their purpose they are using a lot of strategies, Business Plans etc.

Among the all these type of business plans they have to use their work order in a sequence. Only after the using their work in a right manner or right sequence they can split their cost and can make their market vast.

Hence , working of a business concern in a proper sequence is called the Sequencesof the Concern Business. So to avoid weaknesses and for survive in todays world of complicated businesses they all have to manage their business in a right & Proper Sequence.

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We know that Indian Oil is duly a large company. It has a lot of large and small working concepts which it have to perform daily in their working life. So it is too necessary to perform these all type of small and large type of works in a proper way or manner or in a right sequence. Only these right sequences make Indian Oil a basically a strong Strenth Business concern.

As we apply this sequences concept on Indian Oil we founds that there is proper maintaintory Work in his field of working. The projects which are being presented by the company and as well as which are being running by the company is properly determined and in a right way these are being performed in a exact sequence. All thes type of works which have been done by the company or which have been running by the company currently are described further:-

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 For the Proper sequence of the work The Indian Oil has the following Organisation Structure:-
 For the Proper sequence of the work The Indian Oil has the following Organisation Structure:-

For the Proper sequence of the work The Indian Oil has the following Organisation

Structure:-

Board of Directors

Mr. Sarthak Behuria (Chairman) B M Bansal Director (Planning&Business Development)

S V Narasimhan Director (Finance

V C Agrawal Director (Human Resources) & Director-in-charge (IBP Division)

P K Sinha

Additional Secretary & Financial Advisor Ministry Of Petroleum & Natural Gas

Michael Bastian

Former Chairman & Managing Director,

Syndicate Bank

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Prof. Gautam Barua,

Director, Indian Institute of Technology,Guwahati

Prof. Gautam Barua, Director, Indian Institute of Technology,Guwahati  GRASSROOTS REFINERY PROJECT AT PARADIP (ORISSA) Project
Prof. Gautam Barua, Director, Indian Institute of Technology,Guwahati  GRASSROOTS REFINERY PROJECT AT PARADIP (ORISSA) Project
Prof. Gautam Barua, Director, Indian Institute of Technology,Guwahati  GRASSROOTS REFINERY PROJECT AT PARADIP (ORISSA) Project

GRASSROOTS REFINERY PROJECT AT

PARADIP (ORISSA) Project Cost: Rs. 29,777.00 crore Expected Commissioning: March-November,

2012

Benefit: The project will help in partially meeting the deficit in distillates viz. LPG, Naphtha, MS, Jet/Kero, Diesel and other products, in the eastern part of the country. The complex will generate intermediate petrochemicals feedstock. Brief Description: A 15 MMTPA refinery is being constructed at Paradip in Orissa. The refinery will have, apart from a Crude and Vacuum Distillation Unit, a Hydrocracking Unit, a Delayed Coker Unit and other secondary processing facilities. This will be the most modern refinery in India with a nil-residue production, and the products would meet stringent specifications. IndianOil has taken

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over 3344 acres of land for the project and necessary infrastructure development jobs prior to setting up of the main refinery are in proRESIDUE UPGRADATION AND MS/HSD QUALITY

IMPROVEMENT PROJECT AT GUJARAT REFINERY Project Cost: Rs. 5,882.00 crore Expected Commissioning: January, 2010 Benefit: The objectives of the project are multifold. It will ensure compliance to product quality requirement of MS/HSD to EURO-III/IV levels, enable processing of increased quantity of high sulphur crude, and improvement in distillate yield. Brief Description: The project envisages setting up of a number of units like VGO-HDT, ATF- Merox, FCC-Merox, LPG-Merox, ISOM, Coker, DHDT, HGU (PDS) and SRU.

IMPROVEMENT IN DIESEL QUALITY AND CAPACITY EXPANSION AT HALDIA REFINERY (WEST BENGAL) Project Cost: Rs. 2,869.00 crore Expected Commissioning: January, 2010

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Benefit: Improvement in quality of HSD conforming to Euro-II/Euro-IV equivalent norms. In addition, it will improve the distillate yield and crude processing capacity of the refinery. Brief Description: The project comprises installation of facilities for improvement in Diesel quality and Distillate yield (Hydrocracker) at Haldia, and capacity expansion of the Refinery from 6 MMTPA to 7.5 MMTPA. This involves Once-through Hydrocracking Unit (OHCU), Hydrogen Unit, Sulphur Recovery Units, revamp of Crude Distillation Units, related utilities and offsite facilities.

NAPHTHA CRACKER AND POLYMER COMPLEX AT PANIPAT (HARYANA) Project Cost: Rs. 14,439.00 crore Expected Commissioning: February, 2010 Benefit: This project is the cornerstone for IndianOil's entry into petrochemicals thereby creating a new business line for growth. For the state of Haryana, this project shall lay the foundation for creation of a world-class petrochemicals hub, which will engender significant industrial activity in the coming years. Brief Description: The project envisages setting up of a Naphtha Cracker based on captive utilisation of naphtha from Panipat, Mathura

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and Koyali refineries of IndianOil. With a capacity of 800,000 MT/year of ethylene production, the Cracker Complex will have associated units viz. hydrogenation, butadiene extraction, benzene extraction etc. besides downstream polymer units like Swing Unit (LLDPE/HDPE), a dedicated HDPE Unit, Polypropylene Unit and MEG Unit.

MS QUALITY UPGRADATION PROJECT AT PANIPAT REFINERY (HARYANA) Project Cost: Rs. 1,131.00 crore Expected Commissioning: December, 2009 Benefit: The implementation of this project will improve the quality of MS to conform to Euro- II/Euro-IV equivalent norms. Brief Description: The major process units under this project are PENEX (Isomerisation), Naphtha HTU, Reformate Splitter and FCC Gasoline Desulpurisation Unit.

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FCC GASOLINE DESULPHURISATION UNIT AT MATHURA REFINERY (UTTAR PRADESH) Project Cost: Rs. 348.00 crore Expected Commissioning: January, 2010 Benefit: The implementation of this project will improve the quality of MS to conform to Euro-IV equivalent norms. Brief Description: In this project a FCC Gasoline Desulpurisation Unit will be installed.

MS QUALITY UPGRADATION PROJECT BARAUNI REFINERY (BIHAR) Project Cost: Rs. 1,492.00 crore Expected Commissioning: June, 2010 Benefit: The implementation of this project will improve the quality of MS to conform to Euro-III equivalent norms. Brief Description: The major process units under this project are Isomerisation, Naphtha Hydrotreater, Reformate Splitter, FCC Gasoline Desulpurisation Unit and Hydrogen Generation Unit.

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MS QUALITY UPGRADATION PROJECT AT DIGBOI REFINERY (ASSAM) Project Cost: Rs. 356.00 crore Expected Commissioning: June, 2010 Benefit: The implementation of this project will improve the quality of MS to conform to Euro-III equivalent norms. Brief Description: The major process units under this project are Isomerisation, Naphtha Splitter, Naphtha Hydrotreater and Reformate Splitter.

DADRI-PANIPAT R-LNG SPUR PIPELINE Project Cost: Rs. 298.00 crore Expected Commissioning: January, 2010 Benefit: The 132 km long 30 inch diameter spurline carrying regassified LNG (R-LNG) will stretch from GAIL Indias Dadri terminal in UP to Panipat. Brief Description: The proposed R-LNG pipeline will provide for an economical means of feeding natural gas to Panipat refinery.

PANIPAT REFINERY EXPANSION FROM 12 MMTPA TO 15 MMTPA Project Cost: Rs. 1,007.83 crore Expected Commissioning: December, 2009 / August, 2010

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Benefit: To meet the growing deficit of petroleum products in the high demand Northwest region of India. Brief Description: The project consists of capacity revamp of Crude and Vacuum Distillation Units (CDU / VDU), Once through Hydrocracking Unit (OHCU), Delayed Coking Unit, and installation of second stage reactors in Diesel Hydrotreating Unit (DHDT).

CHENNAI - BANGALORE PRODUCT PIPELINE Project Cost: Rs. 273.00 crore Expected Commissioning: December, 2009 Benefit: The pipeline will facilitate effective evacuation of products from CPCL refinery in Chennai and ensure uninterrupted, regular

BRANCH PIPELINE FROM KSPL, VIRAMGAM TO KANDLA Project Cost: Rs. 349.00 crore Expected Commissioning: August, 2011 (30 months after receipt of environment & forest clearance) Benefit: The pipeline would provide cost- effective link with the sea route ex-Kandla for coastal movement of surplus products of Koyali

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refinery and enhance flexibility in the system for ensuring sustained operation of the refinery. Brief Description: Project consists of laying of 16-inch diameter 217 km long product pipeline from Viramgam to Churwa and use of 22diameter 14 km existing KBPL pipeline between Churwa to Kandla.

DIESEL HYDRO-TREATMENT (DHDT) PROJECT AT BONGAIGAON REFINERY (ASSAM) Project Cost: Rs. 1646.39 crore Expected Commissioning: June, 2010

Benefit: The implementation of this project will improve the quality of HSD to conform to Euro-

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refinery and enhance flexibility in the system for ensuring sustained operation of the refinery. Brief Description:
refinery and enhance flexibility in the system for ensuring sustained operation of the refinery. Brief Description:
refinery and enhance flexibility in the system for ensuring sustained operation of the refinery. Brief Description:
refinery and enhance flexibility in the system for ensuring sustained operation of the refinery. Brief Description:

In other words we can say that

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Indian Oil is a large business entity which

ensure its working in a single and proper

sequence. We also elaborate that Sequences is the

main feature for a business in its working field,

only after this the business can grow up.

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