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2
Death
and
Resurrection
3
Contents
Preíace .......................... 4
Biographv ......................... 6
Introduction ........................ ¯
Death ............................. 8
1he 1rials oí 1he Dav oí Judgement ................ 28
Ad·ice to Muslims ...................... 3¯
Recommended Islamic Books ................. 39
International Da'wah (enters .................. 42
Useíul Islamic \ebsites ..................... 48
4
Preface
All praise be to Allah. 1he Lord oí 1he Dav oí Judgment. and
mav the Peace and Blessings oí Allah be upon the seal oí all
prophets. Muhammad ibn Abdullah. and upon his companions
and íollowers till the Dav oí Judgment.
\e all belie·e that our liíe has an end. and nothing is eternal ex-
cept Allah .
1
- ¸· ¸- ·.,·- .··
'
¸«,·, --, c`· ,.
·¬|· . ¸ -·,·v·, =
´Whatsoever is on it (the Larth) will per-
ish.
'
Andthe Iace of your Lord, full of
Majesty and Honour, will remain forever.¨
|Surah Ar-Rahmaan 55,:26-2¯|
It is better íor all oí us to ponder deeplv about our íuture and
about our eternal liíe which is e·erlasting. \e are expected to
de·ote some time in this liíe to ponder what will occur in the liíe
to come.
1he Dav oí Judgment is the dav on which all creation will meet.
íullv and íairlv. the reward íor how thev conducted themsel·es in
this liíe. It is a dav which is diííerent írom all other davs. It will
come. sooner or later. But some questions must be raised: Are we
íullv prepared and aware oí this dav· \hat are its signs and hor-
rors· \hen will it come· \hat will it look like·
Sheikh Muhammad bin 'Uthavmeen. mav Allah ha·e mercv on
1
Subhaanahu wa 1a'alaa: trans. Most Gloriíied |Mav Allah be exalted abo·e
all what the disbelie·ers attribute to lim| and Most ligh is le`.
5
him. ga·e a sermon describing the signs and horrors oí such a
dav.
Mav Allah sa·e us and make us steadíast on the right path till
the Dav oí Judgment.
6
Biography
Abu 'Abdullah. Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Muhammad ibn
'Uthavmeen at-1amimi an-Najdi was born in the citv oí 'Unavzah.
in the region oí al-Oaseem on 2¯
th
dav oí Ramadan. in the vear
134¯ A.l.´1926 (.L. into a religious íamilv.
le recei·ed his religious education írom manv prominent schol-
ars. írom them Sheikh 'Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sa'di. Sheikh Mu-
hammad Ameen ash-Shinqeeti and Sheikh 'Abdul-'Azeez ibn
Baaz. le was írom among those who ser·ed Islam without anv
tvpe oí religious prejudice and kept himselí awav írom the limita-
tions oí blind íollowing. le was distinguished íor his great exer-
tion in religious matters and analogical deductions. In gi·ing reli-
gious ·erdicts. like Sheikh ibn Baaz. his íataawaa ·erdicts, were
based on e·idence írom the Our'aan and Sunnah.
2
le taught reli-
gious íundamentals in the lacultv oí Sharee'ah at Imaam Mu-
hammad ibn Sa'ûd Islamic Uni·ersitv in al-Oaseem. le was also a
member oí the (ouncil oí Senior Scholars in Saudi Arabia.
During the íinal vears oí his liíe. he suííered greatlv írom cancer.
le undertook a trip to America íor chemotherapv to alle·iate his
sickness. but due to personal reasons and other circumstances. he
chose to íorego the treatment and was admitted to King laisal
Specialist lospital in Jeddah on 3 Shawwal´30 December.
le passed awav on \ednesdav. the 15
th
oí Shawwaal in the vear
1421 A.l.´10 Januarv 2001 (.L. at the age oí ¯4. Mav Allah
ha·e mercv upon his soul. Ameen.
2
1he Sunnah oí the Prophet is that path which he íollowed. It could also
denote something established to ha·e been practiced bv the Prophet . con-
trarv to bid'ah. or inno·ation. At other times. it used to denote ahaadeeth.
7
Introduction
Judgment Dav is just a blink awav. \e li·e and we die. and then
we will ine·itablv be resurrected. 1he step írom death to resurrec-
tion is indeed small. but no matter how diííicult death mav be.
the Dav oí Resurrection is íar worse. So what lies in between·
8
DLA1H
by:
Ahmad ibn Roysten Boulter
9
Death
L·erv man has a íixed period oí liíe gi·en to him when he is
born. 1his is called Oadar. \e do not li·e longer or shorter than
this íixed period oí liíe. \hen we ha·e íinished this period oí liíe.
the Angel oí Death takes the soul írom our bodv. 1his is called
death.
(oncerning the journev oí the soul aíter death. the íollowing is a
saheeh hadeeth
3
írom the Messenger oí Allah .
4
le said.
\hen the belie·er is about to depart írom this world and
proceed to the next. angels with íaces as bright as the sun
descend írom the hea·ens and sit around him in throngs
stretching as íar as the eve can see. 1hen the Angel oí
Death comes and sits at his head and savs. Good soul.
come out to íorgi·eness and pleasure írom Allah!`
lis soul then emerges like a drop oí water that ílows írom
a water-skin. and the angel takes hold oí it. \hen he has
grasped it. the other angels do not lea·e it in his hand e·en
íor the twinkling oí an eve.
1hev take it and place it in a períumed shroud. and it gi·es
oíí a íragrance like the sweetest scent oí musk íound on
the íace oí the Larth.
1hen thev ascend with it. and whene·er thev take it past a
companv oí angels. thev ask. \ho is this good soul·` 1he
angels with the soul replv. So-and-so. the son oí so-and-
so.` using the best names bv which people used to call him
in this world. 1hev bring him to the lowest hea·en and ask
3
A narration oí anvthing attributed to the Prophet . whether it be his ac-
tions. statements. aííirmations. or attributes. pt. ahaadeeth.
4
Salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam: trav.. Mav Allah exalt him and grant him Peace`.
10
íor the gate to be opened íor him.
It is opened íor him. and angels who are near Allah írom
each oí the hea·ens accompanv him to hea·en.
Allah savs. Register the book oí mv sla·e in 'Illivvoon
5
and take him back to Larth. I created them írom it and I
return them to it. and I will bring them íorth írom it again.`
lis soul is then returned to his bodv and two angels come
to him. 1hev make him sit up and thev ask him. \ho is
vour Rubb.`
6
le replies. Mv Rubb is Allah.`
1hev ask him. \hat is vour religion·`
le replies. Mv religion is Islam.`
1hev ask him. \ho is this man who was sent among
vou·`
le replies. 1he Messenger oí Allah.`
1hev ask him. low did vou come to know these things·`
le replies. I read the book oí Allah. belie·ed it. and de-
clared it to be true.`
1hen a ·oice írom on high declares. Mv sla·e has spoken
the truth. so spread out carpets írom the Garden íor him
and open one oí its gates!`
1hen some oí its íragrance and períume reaches him. his
gra·e is expanded íor him as íar as the eve can see. and a
man in beautiíul garments with a íragrant scent comes to
him and savs. Rejoice in what delights vou. íor this is the
5
1he register in which the deeds oí the righteous are inscribed.
6
Rubb: usuallv translated as Lord. is one oí the Names oí Allah. the Pro·ider
and Sustainer oí all that exists.
11
dav which vou were promised.`
le asks. \ho are vou· \ours is a íace which presages
good.`
le replies. I am vour good actions.`
1hen he savs. O Rubb. let the Last lour come soon so
that I mav rejoin mv íamilv and mv propertv!`
\hen an unbelie·er is about to depart írom this world and
proceed to the next. angels with black íaces descend írom
the hea·ens carrving a rough haircloth and sit around him
in throngs stretching as íar as the eve can see. 1hen the
Angel oí Death comes and sits at his head and savs. loul
soul. come out to the wrath and anger oí Allah!`
1hen his soul scatters within his bodv and it is dragged out
like a skewer is pulled out oí a wet piece oí wool. 1hen the
angel takes hold oí it. \hen he has grasped it. the other
angels do not lea·e it in his hand e·en íor the twinkling oí
an eve. 1hev take it and wrap it in a rough haircloth. and a
stench comes out oí it like the worst stench oí a corpse on
the íace oí the Larth.
1hen thev ascend with it. and whene·er thev take it past a
companv oí angels. thev ask. \ho is this íoul soul·` 1he
angels with the soul replv. So-and-so. the son oí so-and-
so.` using the worst names bv which people used to call
him in this world. 1hev bring him to the lowest hea·en and
ask íor the gate to be opened íor him. but it is not opened.
1he Messenger oí Allah then recited.
«· v- · ¬ ,·| ..| = -·¬|· .,·-=· v, ·\«.|·
¸·- ¬·· ==·,¬|· `.= J ¸«¬|·
·1he gates of heaven will not be opened to
12
them nor will they enter the Garden until
the camel passes through the eye of the
needle ¡i.e. never¡.'
|Surah al-A'raaí ¯,:40|
1hen Allah will sav. Register his book in Sijjeen
¯
in the
lowest earth.` And then his soul is ílung down.
1he Prophet then recited.
«.|· ¸- ,- ·«·|´· =·· =,=· ¸- ,- \ -«=¬·· ·
| ,,=|· =_,¬= .·´- J ¬·,|· -· .,.· ,
´Whoever associates anything with Allah, it
is as though he has fallen the sky, and the
birds snatch him away, or the wind sweeps
him headlong into a place far away.¨
|Surah al-lajj 22,:31|
1hen his soul is returned to his bodv and two angels come
and sav to him. \ho is vour Lord·`
le replies. Alas. alas. I do not know!`
1hen thev sav tohim. \hat is vour religion·`
le replies. Alas. alas. I do not know!`
1hen thev sav to him. \ho is this man who was sent
among vou·`
le replies. Alas. alas. I do not know!`
1hen a ·oice calls írom on high. Mv sla·e has lied. so
spread out carpets írom the lire and open one oí its gates
íor him!`
¯
1he register in which the deeds oí e·il people are inscribed.
13
1hen a hot blast írom lell-íire comes to him. his gra·e is
made so narrow íor him that his ribs are pressed together.
and a man with a hideous íace and clothing and a íoul
odour comes to him and savs. Grie·e on account oí what
has brought vou disgrace. íor this is the dav which vou
were promised.`
le asks. \ho are vou· \ours is a íace which presages
e·il.`
le replies. I am vour bad actions.`
1hen he savs. O Lord. do not let the Last lour come!`
|Abu Dawud and Ibn Maajah|
14
Who is your God?
Allah savs in lis Mightv Book that le will alwavs support lis
obedient sla·es:
=· .`,··- ,¬|· J .···|· .,«|·· ·,·-·· ¸·=|· , ·
, ·,·=|· v· J , ·,- =· ¸=· =|· . , ;«· =· ¸-«·
=··=· ·-
´Allah will keep firm those who believe,
with the word that stands firm in this world
(i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allah
Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter.
And Allah will cause to go astray those who
are Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-
doers), and Allah does what He wills.¨
|Surah Ibraaheem 14,:2¯|
1he hadeeth below concerns the questioning in the gra·e which
occurs as the people depart írom it aíter burial.
Ahmad and Abu latim reported that the Prophet said.
\hen a deceased person is laid in his gra·e. he hears the
sound oí the íootsteps oí people as thev depart. Ií he is a
belie·er. the salaah
8
will stand bv his head. the sawm
9
will
be to his right. zakaah
10
to his leít. and all other good deeds
8
Salaah: 1he praver.
9
Sawm or Sivaam: 1he last.
10
Zakaah: 1he obligatorv charitv due upon Muslims who meet the required
conditions.
15
oí charitv. kindness to relations. and good beha·iour will be
bv his íeet.
1he angels at his head will question the deceased. 1he sa-
laah will sav. 1here is no entrance through me.`
1hen he will be questioned at his right side where the sawm
will sav. 1here is no entrance through me.`
1hen he will be questioned at his leít side where the zakaah
will sav. 1here is no entrance through me.`
1hen he will be questioned at his íeet where good acts oí
·oluntarv charitv. kindness to relations. and good beha·-
iour will sav. 1here is no entrance through me.`
1hen thev will sav to him. Get up.` and he will get up.
1he sun will appear to him and it will begin to set.
1hen thev will ask. 1his man who was among vou. what
do vou sav about him· \hat is vour testimonv about him·`
1he man will sav. Lea·e me alone until I prav!`
11
1he angels will sav. \ou will prav. |but íirst| answer our
question. \hat do vou think about this man who was
among vou· \hat do vou sav concerning him· \hat do
vou testiív concerning him·`
1he deceased will sav. I bear witness that Muhammad was
the Messenger oí Allah who brought the 1ruth írom Al-
lah.`
1he deceased will be told. According to this vou li·ed.
died. and according to this vou will be resurrected. ií Allah
wills.`
1hen the door to Paradise will be opened íor him. le will
be told. 1his is vour place in Paradise and what Allah has
11
le will ask to prav because he will see that it is time íor the Maghrib praver.
16
prepared íor vou.`
At this. the desire and happiness oí the deceased will in-
crease. lis gra·e will be enlarged se·entv arms-lengths and
his gra·e will light up. lis bodv will change to its original
íorm and his spirit will be placed in a dangling lantern bv
the trees oí Paradise in a nice breeze.
1he Prophet added. 1hat is what is meant bv the statement
oí Allah.
=· .`,··- ,¬|· J .···|· .,«|·· ·,·-·· ¸·=|· , ·
v· J, ·,·=|· , ·,- =· ¸=· =|· . , ;«· =· ¸-«·
=··=· ·-
´Allah will keep firm those who believe,
with the word that stands firm in this world
(i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allah
Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter.
And Allah will cause to go astray those who
are Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-
doers), and Allah does what He wills.¨
|Surah Ibraaheem 14,:2¯|
le also mentioned the unbelie·er and said. lis gra·e will
be compressed. so that his ribs will be crushed together.
About this the Our'aan savs.
,- - ¸ | - , ¸ - ¸ . · , . · · . | - - - =, - = · ·´
, · ¬ = , ·
,
· , - |· « , . « - | - « =¸
·But whosoever turns away from My Re-
minder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur'an
nor acts on its teaching), verily, for him is a
17
life of hardship and We will resurrect him
blind on the Day of Resurrection.' ¨
|Surah 1aa laa 20,:124|
Another hadeeth depicts the consequences íaced bv the unbelie·-
ers. Oataadah reported on the authoritv oí Anas ibn Maalik that
the Prophet said.
\hen a human is laid in his gra·e and his companions re-
turn and he hears their íootsteps. two angels will come to
him and make him sit up. 1hev will ask him. \hat did vou
sav about this man. Muhammad ·`
le will sav. I testiív that he is Allah`s ser·ant and lis
Messenger.`
1hen it will be said to him. Look at vour place in lellíire.
Allah has exchanged íor vou a place in Paradise instead oí
it.`
1he Prophet added. 1he dead person will see both oí his
places.`
As íor a non-belie·er or a hvpocrite. two angels will come
to him and make him sit up.
1hev will ask. \ho was the man who was sent on a mis-
sion among vou·`
le will replv. Alas. alas! I do not know. but I used to sav
what the people used to sav!`
It will be said to him. Neither did vou know. nor did vou
seek guidance írom those who had knowledge.`
1hen a crier will call írom lea·en. le has lied. so spread
a bed íor him írom lell. clothe him írom it. and open one
oí its doors íor him.`
1hen he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two
ears. and he will crv. 1hat crv will be heard bv all creation
18
except human beings and the Jinn. |Saheeh Bukhaari. Sa-
heeh Muslim. Sunan Abu Dawood|
Imam Ahmad ibn lanbal said.
I asked Abu Abdullah about the punishment in the gra·e.
le replied. 1hese are sound ahaadeeth: we belie·e in them
and aííirm them. \e aííirm e·ervthing that comes írom the
Prophet with a sound chain oí narrators. Ií we were to
coníirm a report as being írom the Prophet and then re-
ject or oppose it. we would be denving the \ords oí Allah.
,- - \ · · · . ´ . ,|· = ., · ¬ = ·, ... =
´Whatever the Messenger of Allah gives
you, take.¨
|Surah al-lashr 59,:¯|
I asked him. Is the punishment oí the gra·e a realitv·`
le said. \es. it is a realitv. People are punished in their
gra·es.`
I heard Abu Abdullah saving. \e belie·e in the punish-
ment oí the gra·e. in Munkar and Nakeer |the two ques-
tioning angels|. and that the deceased will be questioned in
their gra·es.` `
19
Barzakh
12
Manv siníul Muslims will also be punished in their gra·es due to
their sins and disobedience. 1here are se·eral ahaadeeth. espe-
ciallv those concerning the Night Journev` al-Israa',. which gi·e
us a glimpse oí the diííerent tvpes oí punishments met out beíore
the Dav oí Judgment. 1he hadeeth below concerns a dream oí
the Prophet . Saamura ibn Jundub reported.
1he Prophet aíter the pravers would turn towards us and
ask us. Did anv one oí vou ha·e a dream·` Ií someone
had. he would relate it.
Upon hearing it. the Prophet would sav. \hate·er Al-
lah wills |comes to pass|.`
One dav he questioned us saving. Did anv one oí vou ha·e
a dream·`
\e answered. No.`
1hen the Prophet said. But tonight I saw two men.
1hev came to me.
13
1hev held mv hand and took me to the
lolv Land. \e came across a man lving down. and behold.
another man was standing o·er his head. holding a big
rock. Behold. he was throwing the rock at the man's head.
crushing it. 1he rock rolled awav and the thrower íollowed
it and brought it back. Bv the time he reached the man. his
head was restored to its normal state. 1he thrower then did
the same as he had done beíore.
12
1he name oí the period oí wait between a person`s death and the Dav oí
Judgment. 1he liíe oí the gra·e.
13
One might mistake the context that the Prophet`s Israa' |Night Journev|
and Mi'raaj |Ascension to the skies and hea·en| was a dream. but in íact it was
not. as other authentic ahaadeeth state.
20
I asked mv two companions. \ho are these two people·`
1hev said. Proceed!`
So we proceeded and came to a man lving ílat on his back
and another man standing o·er his head with an iron hook.
Behold. he would put the hook in one side oí the man`s
mouth and tear oíí that side oí his íace to the back oí his
neck and similarlv tear his nose írom íront to back and his
eve írom íront to back. 1hen he turned to the other side oí
the man`s íace and did just as he had done with the pre·i-
ous side. As soon as he tore one side. the other side re-
turned to its normal state. 1hen he returned to it to repeat
what he had done beíore.
I said to mv two companions. \ho are these two people·`
1hev said to me. Proceed!`
So we proceeded and saw a hole like an o·en. narrow at the
top and wide at the bottom. and there was íire burning in
it. In that o·en. there were naked men and women. and be-
hold! llames oí the íire were reaching them írom under-
neath. \hen it reached them. thev would be raised high un-
til thev were close to the mouth oí the o·en. 1hen the íire
subsided and thev went back inside it again.
I asked. \ho are these people·`
1hev said to me. Proceed!`
And so we proceeded and came to a ri·er oí blood. and
behold! In the middle oí the ri·er there was a man stand-
ing. and on its bank there was another who had manv
stones. 1he man who was in the ri·er would trv to lea·e.
but the other man would throw rocks into his mouth so
that he would return to where he was. L·erv time the íor-
mer tried to lea·e. the latter would throw rocks into his
mouth. 1hen he would return to where he was.
21
I asked. \ho are these people·`
1hev replied. Proceed! Proceed!`
\e proceeded until we came to a man with a repulsi·e ap-
pearance- the most repulsi·e appearance vou would e·er
see in a man! Beside him there was a íire which he was kin-
dling and running around.
I asked mv companions. \ho is this man,·`
1hev said to me. Proceed! Proceed!`
So we proceeded until we reached a garden oí deep green
dense ·egetation. bedecked with all sorts oí spring colours.
In the middle oí the garden there was a ·erv tall man. I
could hardlv see his head because oí his great height. And
around him there were more children than I had e·er seen
beíore.
I said to mv companions. \ho is this·`
1hev replied. Proceed! Proceed!`
So we proceeded until we came to a huge majestic garden.
greater and better than I ha·e e·er seen! Mv two compan-
ions said to me. Ascend.` and I ascended.`
1he Prophet added.
So we ascended until we reached a citv built oí gold and
sil·er bricks. \e went to its gate and asked the gatekeeper
to open the gate. It was opened and we entered the citv.
1here we íound men with one side oí their bodies as hand-
some as the most handsome person vou ha·e e·er seen.
and the other as uglv as the ugliest person vou ha·e e·er
seen.
Mv two companions ordered those men to throw them-
sel·es into the ri·er. Behold. there was a ri·er ílowing
through the citv. and its water was as white as milk. 1hose
22
men went and threw themsel·es in it and then returned to
us aíter the ugliness oí their bodies had disappeared and
thev turned into the best shape.`
1hev said to me. 1his is the Jannah oí 'Adn.
14
and this is
vour home.` so I liíted mv eves until I saw a palace which
looked like a white cloud. 1hev said to me. 1his is vour
home.`
I said. Mav Allah bless vou. Allow me enter mv house!`
1hev said. Not now. \ou ha·e not completed the liíe oí
the world.`
I said to them. I ha·e seen manv wonders tonight. \hat is
the meaning oí all that I ha·e seen·`
1hev replied. \e will iníorm vou. As íor the íirst man vou
came upon whose head was being crushed with the rock.
he is the example oí the one who studies the Our'aan but
then neither recites it nor acts upon it. and sleeps without
oííering the obligatorv pravers. As íor the man vou came
upon whose mouth. nostrils. and eves were being torn oíí
írom íront to back. he is the example oí the man who goes
out oí his house in the morning and tells so manv lies that
it spreads all o·er the world. As íor those naked men and
women whom vou saw in the o·en. thev are the adulterers
and the adulteresses. and the man whom vou saw in the
ri·er oí blood is the usurer. As íor the man bv the base oí
the tree. he was Abraham. and the children around him are
|Muslim| children | who died at a voung age|.`
1he narrator added. Some Muslims asked the Prophet . O
Messenger oí Allah! \hat about the children oí pagans·` 1he
Prophet replied. And also the children oí pagans.` `
14
Ibn Mas'ood. a companion oí the Prophet explained it to be the center oí
Jannah`. or Paradise. See 1aíseer al-Ourtubi. Surah at-1awbah 9,:¯2.
23
And the man whom vou saw near the íire. kindling it and
circling it. is Maalik. the gatekeeper oí lell.`
1he Prophet added.
Mv two companions explained. 1he men vou saw that
were halí handsome and halí uglv were those persons who
had mixed good deeds with e·il ones. but Allah íorga·e
them.`
15
|Saheeh al-Bukhaari|
15
In a hadeeth related bv Ahmed. the two companions re·ealed themsel·es to
be Jibreel and Meekaa'eel.
24
Lessening the Punishment
lowe·er. there are se·eral things which ameliorate such punish-
ments. In one hadeeth. the Prophet is reported to ha·e said.
\hen a man dies no íurther reward is recorded íor his actions.
with three exceptions: Sadaqah
16
and knowledge írom which
beneíit continues to be reaped. and the supplication oí a right-
eous son íor his deceased íather.` |Muslim|
1his punishment and torture that we will recei·e is ine·itable. and
onlv those who are misled denv it.
\hen we die. we should alwavs make sure we lea·e a written will
behind so that what Allah has gi·en us in this world is dis-
tributed to those in need and those to whom we are in debt. and
so we can lea·e this world with a clear conscience. Ií we cannot
íind Muslims as executers oí our will. then we should engage
non-Muslims.
Allah savs in the Our'aan.
·- . .= ·,·-·· ¸·=|· ·.·| . ,=- ·.· .´·,· ·=
.´·`- .=- ·,. .···· -,=,|· ;- =,«|· .·=-|
,| ·· ¸v· J .··,= .··| .· .·,,- ¸- .·,-
=|· . · =,«|· -,,=- .´·, ¬ ·,., =-· ¸- ·«.
,·=|· -· .,·=· v .·,·· .· =·· .·«.«,· ·
.
··«·
, ¸·,| ·. .·· ,| , .·´· v .= . | ·.· ··· =· ·= ¸«
16
Sadaqah: Voluntarv charitv.
25
v· =;«·
´O believers! When death approaches any
one of you, let two just men from among
yourselves act as witnesses at the time of
making your last will, or from the non-
Muslims if you are traveling through the
land and the calamity of death overtakes
you. If you doubt their honesty, detain
them after prayer and let them both swear
by Allah, ·We will not sell our testimony for
any price, even to a relative, and we will not
hide the testimony which we will be giving
for the sake of Allah, for we shall be sinners
if we do so.' ¨
|Surah al-Maa'idah 5,:106|
\hen a person is in his last moments. his last words beíore his
death should be Laa ilaaha ill-Allah.`

Ií vou are present at the
scene oí a Muslim`s last moments. vou should ad·ise him to sav
it. Do not strain him to sav those words. and do not make him
repeat it unless he savs something aíter it. It should be loud
enough that he himselí can hear it. Also close his eves in his last
moments and do not let them remain wide open.
1his is an example oí one Muslim whom Allah helped to be
steadíast at the time oí death. lis name was Abu Zur'ah ar-Raazi.
one oí the Imams oí the scholars oí ahaadeeth. Abu Ja'íar Mu-
hammad ibn 'Ali \arraaq said:
\e were with Abu Zur'ah in Shahraan. one oí the ·illages oí
Ar-Rivv. at the time oí his death. Abu laatim. Ibn \arraaq.
al-Mundhir ibn Shaadhaan and others were with him. 1hev
remembered the hadeeth. 1ell those who are dving to sav

Laa ilaaha ill-Allah: trav.. 1here is no true deitv. beside Allah`.
26
Laa ilaaha ill-Allah`.` but thev íelt too shv to tell Abu Zur'ah
to sav it. 1hev said Let us mention the hadeeth.` Ibn \arraaq
started bv con·eving the chain oí narrators. Abu 'Aasim nar-
rated on the authoritv oí Abdul-lameed ibn Ja'íar. who told
us that Saalih.` and he started to sav. ibn Abi...` but he
could not go anv íurther. 1hen Abu laatim said. Bandar nar-
rated on the authoritv oí Abu 'Aasim. who told us that Abdul-
lameed ibn Ja'íar related írom Saalih.` but he could not go
anv íurther. and the rest remained silent. 1hen Abu Zur'ah.
whilst he was dving. opened his eves and íinished the hadeeth
bv saving. Bandar narrated on the authoritv oí Abu 'Aasim.
who told us that Abdul-lameed related írom Saalih ibn Abi
Ghareeb. on the authoritv oí Katheer ibn Murrah that
Mu'aadh ibn Jabal said. 1he Messenger oí Allah said.
\hoe·er savs as his last words La ilaaha ill-Allah. will enter
Paradise.` ` ` 1hen his soul departed. mav Allah ha·e mercv
on him. |Sivar A'laam an-Nubalaa' . 13´¯6-85|
1his is what Allah savs about such pious belie·ers in the
Our'aan.
- =· ··· ·,|·| ¸·=|· .· «·=· .· . ..,·- .,··· ·,«
·«|· . v| -´· ·,··¬· ·,·,¬· v, ·,,=·|, -·¬|··
.,=-,· .··· ¸·|· =
´Verily, those who say, ·Our Lord is Allah
(Alone),' and then they stood straight (fol-
lowed Islam truly), on them the angels will
descend (at the time of their death) (say-
ing), ·Iear not, nor grieve! But receive the
glad tidings of Paradise which you have
been promised!' ¨
|Surah lussilat 41,:30|
27
Du'aa:
18
O Allah. make us among them. O Allah. we ask \ou to make us
adhere to Islam with determination and wisdom. and our íinal
supplication is Praise be to Allah. Lord oí the \orlds.
18
Du'aa: 1o in·oke Allah. Supplication.
28
1he 1rials
of
the Day of Judgment
Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthavmeen
29
.,-,|· ¸>,|· =· ..·
.,-,|· ¸>,|· =· ..·
.,-,|· ¸>,|· =· ..·
O people! la·e taqwa
19
and íear Allah . and think about
vour worldlv liíe. the lereaíter. vour liíe. vour death. vour pre-
sent and vour íuture. 1hink about this worldlv liíe. oí those who
passed awav írom earlier generations. and also oí those who will
come aíterwards. Indeed. in their stories are lessons íor those
who wish to beneíit. 1hev li·ed building this world: thev had
more monev. more children. were stronger and li·ed longer. And
aíter some time thev were gone... as ií thev ne·er existed. 1hev
ha·e become a part oí historv. and vou are íollowing in their
íootsteps. and a similar íate awaits vou.
\ou will be transíerred írom this worldlv liíe to the gra·e. ha·ing
been in palaces. In it. vou will be alone. aíter being happv and
gathered with íamilv. \ou will be alone with vour deeds... onlv. Ií
thev are good. vou will be in a state oí well-being. and ií thev are
not. vou will be in torment until the Dav oí Resurrection.
On the dav when the 1rumpet is blown. the dead will be raised
írom their gra·es to the Rubb oí all that exists: thev will be bare-
íoot without shoes. naked without clothes and uncircumcised.
1he Prophet described the situation on that Dav. and 'Aa'ishah

20
|one oí the Prophet's wi·es| said to him. O Messenger oí
Allah. men and women together. both looking at each other·` le
replied. 1he situation will be too se·ere íor them to look at
19
1aqwa: la·ing a shield between vou and the wrath oí Allah. bv obeving
lim and íulíilling all that le ordered and a·oiding all that le íorbade.
20
Radi Allahu 'anhu: trans. Mav Allah be pleased with him´her.
30
each other.`
21
1he situation will be too se·ere íor men and women to look at
each other. It will be so se·ere that a mother will not e·en think
oí asking about her child. and a child will not e·en think oí ask-
ing about his íather.
- ~· ,=|· ¸· ¬«· ·.·· v, =·-,· ..·,· =·.·|
.·· \ · =.,|
´1hen, when the 1rumpet is blown, there
will be no kinship among them that day,
nor will they ask of one another.¨
|Surah al-Mu'minoon 23,:101|
- · . ·.·| ¸··|· ·,«·· .´· .· -|,| --·.|· ·¸=
`.,=-
'
-,· ·.·,,· ¸·=· ¸· --=,- ·«- .-=|
-=·, ¸· =·. ¸«- ·.·«- .,·, ¸··|·
´= . ., ·-, .· ´.· . ., ¸´|, =·=- =·
`=·== =
´O Mankind, Iear you Lord! Verily, the
earthquake of the Hour (of Judgment) is a
terrible thing.
'
1he Day you shall see it,
every nursing mother will forget her nurs-
ling, and every pregnant one will drop her
load, and you shall see mankind as in a
drunken state, yet they will not be drunk,
but severe will be the 1orment of Allah.¨
21
(ollected bv Bukhaari and Muslim.
31
|Surah al-lajj 22,:1-2|
|On that dav|. there will be scared hearts and eves cast down in
shame. Records and ledgers oí deeds will be un·eiled. 1he belie·-
ers will recei·e their book in their right hand. while the disbelie·-
ers will recei·e their book in their leít. behind their back. \ho-
e·er takes his book with his right hand will sav with happiness
and jov. ´Come and read my book!¨ \hereas the one who
takes his book in his leít hand will sav with sadness and grieí. ´I
wish that I had not received my book,¨ and he will long íor
his own destruction |beíore he meets punishment oí Allah|.
At that time. the scales will be placed and people's deeds will be
measured. \hoe·er had done an atom`s weight oí good shall see
it. and whoe·er had done an atom`s weight oí e·il shall see it.
Allah savs in the Our'aan.
- -=·, ,«|· ¸· =.«|· -,,| ,«|· . -« :· .·=·
`¸«· ·,= · .·, .·· .·«·- -,- ¸`- ..,- ·,·| · ·.·
¸«·, ··· - . ;,. =
´And We shall set up balances of Justice on
the Day of Resurrection, then none will be
dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there
be the weight of a mustard seed, We will
bring it. And Sufficient are We as Reckon-
ers.¨
|Surah al-Anbivaa' 21,4¯|
On that Dav. crowds oí people will appear in wa·es. one aíter the
other. 1hev will íeel tremendous íear and sadness which thev will
not be able to bear. People will call out. asking íor someone to
intercede íor them with Allah . 1hev will go to the Prophets.
starting with Adam . Nuh Noah,. Ibraaheem Abra-
32
ham,. and Musa Moses,. and thev will all apologize.
22
Aíter that. thev will go to 'Lesaa Jesus, who will sav. I am
not the one that can do it. lowe·er. go to Muhammad . a wor-
shipper whose past and íuture íaults were íorgi·en.`
1hen thev will go to Muhammad and he will sav with pride
because oí Allah's grace. I am the one that can.`
So he will ask íor Allah`s permission. and he will then íall in
sujood
23
to lim. Allah will re·eal to him diííerent wavs to
praise and exalt lim. in wavs no one knew beíore. Allah will
allow him to remain in that position as long as le wills.
le will then sav to him. O Muhammad. raise vour head.
Speak and vou will be heard. intercede and vour intercession will
be accepted.`
On that Dav Allah will come to judge between lis creations
and will take them to account íor their deeds. le will be alone
with lis worshipper. the belie·er. addressing him oí his sins until
he admits and coníesses. 1hen Allah will show lis grace on
him and will tell him. I kept vour sins secret in the world and I
will íorgi·e them íor vou todav.`
On that dav. Prophet Muhammad will be granted the lawd
al-Mawrood`- the pool at which some oí his Ummah will gather
and drink. Its water is whiter than milk and sweeter than honev.
and its íragrance is better than the scent oí musk. It`s measure is
one month in length and one month in width. Its cups are as the
stars in the skv. numerous and sparkling. None but the belie·ers
will be able to reach the Pool- the íollowers oí the Sunnah. \ho-
e·er drinks írom it will ne·er íeel thirst again. and the íirst to go
22
Lach one will state the reason whv thev cannot intercede on their behalí.
23
Sujood: Prostrating in the worship oí Allah.
33
to the Pool will be the poor oí the Muhaajiroon.
24
On that Dav. the sun will descend upon people until it is onlv a
mile awav. People will be sweating according to their deeds. Some
will sweat up to their ankles. some up to their knees. some up to
their waists. and some will be submerged in sweat completelv.
Allah will shade with lis Shade whome·er le wills. a dav on
which there will be no shade except lis.
On that Dav. Allah will sav. O Adam.` who will replv. At
vour command and what pleases vou. all good is in \our lands.`
1hen Allah will sav to Adam . Bring out the people oí
lellíire írom vour descendants.`
Adam will ask. \ho are the people oí lellíire·`
Allah will replv. lrom e·erv thousand take out nine-hundred
and ninetv-nine.` At that time a child's hair will turn grev.
On that Dav. the Siraat
25
will be set o·er the Iníernal lire. It will
be thinner than a strand oí hair and sharper than a sword. 1rust
and ties oí kinship will be sent íorth and will stand on both sides
oí the Siraat. right and leít. People will pass on it according to
their deeds. Some will pass like lighting. some will pass crawling
and some will be in between the íast and the slow.
\our Prophet will be standing on the Siraat saving. O Rubb!
Keep them, saíe.`
On the edges oí the Siraat will be hanging hooks. commanded to
take those whom Allah orders to take. Some will be saíe. bear-
ing onlv scratches. but others will be piled in lell.
On that Dav. people will be di·ided into two groups. one in Para-
dise and the others in the lell-lire.
24
Muhajiroon: those who migrated with the Prophet írom Makkah to
Madinah.
25
Siraat: a bridge extended o·er lell.
34
- , -,· -,«· --·.|· =·-,· .,|,«··
'
·-|· ¸·=|·
·· ·,·- ·,·«-, =|· . ¬· . . ..· ¸· -=,
.,,,¬·
'
·-|, ¸·=|· ·,,«· ·,·=·, · ·· · . ··· «|, \ ·
v· ·,- |,|· . c· ¸· =·=-|· .,,=¬- =
´And on the Day when the Hour will be es-
tablished, -that Day shall (all men) be
separated (i.e. the believers will be sepa-
rated from the disbelievers).
'
1hen as for
those who believed (in the Oneness of Al-
lah ÷ Islamic monotheism) and did right-
eous good deeds, such shall be honoured
and made to enjoy a luxurious life (forever)
in the Garden of Delight (Paradise).
'
And
as for those who disbelieved and belied our
Ayaat (signs (proofs from verses, revela-
tions, evidence, lessons, Allah's Messenger,
the Resurrection, etc.) and the Meeting of
the Hereafter, - such shall be brought forth
to the torment (in the Hell-Iire)¨
|Surah Ar-Rum 30,:14-16|
O worshipers oí Allah ! la·e taqwa and be prepared íor that
dav. íor without a doubt it is vour íate. Although this dav is so
serious and írightening. it will be easv íor the pious belie·ers. íor
Allah savs.
- .··, ·-,· ¸·- ¸·,··´|· ·~.- =
´... and it will be a hard Day for the disbe-
lievers (those who disbelieve in the One-
ness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism)¨
35
|Surah al-lurqaan 25,:26|
So belie·e in Allah and know íor sure that Allah knows
what is in vour minds. so be cautious oí lim.
36
Du'aa:
O Allah. (reator oí the lea·ens and the Larth. Knower oí the
unseen and the seen. we ask \ou to make us witness that \ou are
Allah and that there is no true deitv but \ou Alone. the Lternal.
1he One who begets not. nor was begotten and that there is
none co-equal or comparable unto to \ou: \ou ha·e the Majestv
and Bountv. \ou are the L·er-Li·ing. the Lternal Guardian. Lase
íor us the horrors oí that Dav and make us among the happv
ones and join us with the righteous. O Allah. the Sustainer oí all
that exists.
37
Advice for Muslims
by Ahmad ibn Roysten Boulter
1his booklet explains clearlv what to expect on that Dav on
which we will stand beíore our Lord in expectation and dread -
awaiting the ·erdict oí lis Judgment.
Ií the Dav is íearsome and dreadíul íor the belie·er whose sins
are relati·elv íew. imagine how dreadíul it will be íor the belie·er.
whose soul is weighed down bv neglect oí his Deen religion,.
lor the unbelie·er. it will be the dav he loses all hope.
Ií vou íear Allah and hope íor lis reward. vou mav be the one
oí the thousand who was not picked bv Adam. And ií vou stri·e
with vour mind and heart to de·elop ihsaan.
26
then vou mav one
oí those who pass the Siraat like lightening.
1he íollowing are eight things we must do to recei·e Allah`s
lorgi·eness and Mercv:
1, Build up vour good deeds: thev will be a shield íor
vou.
2, A·oid e·il deeds.
3, Do not expose vour sins. nor the sins oí others.
4, lollow the Our'aan and the Sunnah closelv.
5, Shun wealth. and gi·e what wealth vou ha·e in the
wav oí Allah as Sadaqah to the poor. or in Jihad
and Da'wah,.
6, Ponder on the Avaat oí Allah . and seek to know
and do what Allah ordains us to do.
26
Períection oí deeds. in that one knows that Allah is watching him. so he
períorms them correctlv.
38
¯, Remember the past and remember the people who
disobeved - do not tread in their íootsteps.
8, Be careíul about what vou do - do not act thought-
lesslv.
\e should take ad·antage oí the time we ha·e on Larth as an
opportunitv to prepare oursel·es íor death and all that comes aí-
ter it. Allah has told us throughout the Our'an and Sunnah
how we can decrease the horrors that come aíter death. \e can
sav optional pravers. do optional íasts. gi·e in charitv. be kind to
our íamilies. and remember Allah with tasbeeh.

tahleel.
28
tak-
beer
29
and tahmeed.
30
\e can also ask Allah íor íorgi·eness
31
and make du'aa írequentlv. Studving and reciting the Our'aan are
also good deeds that can protect us írom the punishment in the
gra·e and the horrors oí the Dav oí Resurrection and Judgment.
All oí these deeds along with the lo·e and íear oí Allah will
help us all get closer to Allah and help make us all successíul in
the lereaíter.
Mav Allah reward vou íor listening to the ad·ice Shavkh Mu-
hammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthavmeen has presented to vou.
Ahmad ibn Rovsten Boulter
12 Dhul Oa'dah 1423.

Saving Subhaan Allah` Mav Allah be exalted abo·e what the disbelie·ers
attribute to lim.
28
Saving La ilaaha ill-Allah` 1here is no true deitv but Allah,.
29
Saving Allahu Akbar` Allah is the Greatest,.
30
Saving al-lamdu lillaah` All praise and thanks be to Allah,.
31
Bv saving Astaghíirullah` I seek íorgi·eness írom Allah,.
39
Recommended Islamic Books
1. Lxplaining 1he lundamentals oí laith
Bv: Shavkh Muhammad ibn Saalih
al-'Uthavmeen,.
2. \hat a Muslim is Required 1o Know about lis Religion
Bv: Abdullah al-Khavvat,.
3. Arguments Against Seeking lelp írom Sources Other
than Allah. and Belie·ing in Soothsavers & lortune-tellers
Bv: Sheikh Abdul-Azeez bin Baaz,.
4. A Brieí Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam I. A.
Ibraheem,.
5. \e Belie·e in Jesus
Bv: Sulaiman al-But'he,.
6. Islamic Perspecti·e oí Sex
Prepared Bv: Abdur-Rahman al-Sheha,.
¯. 1he lijab. \hv·
Bv: Dr. Muhammad Isma'eel,.
Note: All oí these recommended Islamic books are a·ailable in
1he Islamic Propagation Oííice in Rabwah.
40
International Da'wah Centers
U.S.A.:
Islamic Societv oí Bra·ard (ountv - 550 llorida A·e - Mel-
bourne. lL 32901 U.S.A.
Phone: 40¯, ¯26 - 935¯
Islamic oí Islamic & Arabic Sciences in America - 8500 lilltop
Road lairíax. Virginia 22031
1el: ¯03, 641 - 4890 ¯03, 641 - 4891
lax: ¯03, 641 - 4899
www.iiasa.org
Lmail:inío(iiasa.org
1he Islamic (enter oí (harlotte I((, - 1¯00 Progress Lane
(harlotte. N( 28205
Phone 4 ¯04, 53¯- 9399
lax 4 ¯04, 53¯-15¯¯
1he Our'aan and Sunnah Societv oí North America - 19800
Vandvke Rd - Detroit. MI 48234
1el: 313, 893-3¯6¯
lax: 313, 893-3¯48
Lmail:Ouransunna(aol.com
41
United Kingdom:
Markazi Jamiat Ahl-e- ladeeth U.K. - 20 Green Lane. Small
leath. Birmingham B9 5DB 1el: 0121 ¯33 0019
lax: 0121 ¯66 8¯¯9
Bandurv Islamic (entre - 55 park Road. Bandurv. Oxan Ox16 -
1el´lax: 012952640¯8
Muhammadi Masjid & Madrasah Salaíiah - 24 - 36 lartopp
Road. Alum Rock. Birmingham B8
1el: 0121 328 ¯¯¯3.
Mosque & Islamic School - 29 Oueens (ross. Dudlev Dv11On
1el: 01384 2584¯9
Muhammadi Mosque & Islamic (enter - 5 (amden 1errace.
Bradíord BD8 ¯lX
1el: 012¯4 ¯28993
Masjid & Madrasah al-larooq -32 -38 Dixon A·enue. (rosshill.
Glasgow G42 8LJ
1el:0141 433 2686
lax:0141 453 0422
Masjid at-1aqwa - 1 larewood Street. Leicester LL53LX
1el: 0116 212 6¯¯2
42
Jamiah Masjid Ahl-e-ladeeth - 9¯ lopwood Lane. laliíax. lX1
4L1
1el:0142 235 6843
Irance:
Association (hemin Droit - 81 Rue Rochechouart ¯5009 Paris.
lrance
1el: 01 - 48221986 003314822986,
lax: 01 - 48221049 003148221049
Denmark:
Det Islamiske - 1rossam lind Pa lvn. Odense- Danmark Orbak-
·ej 24¯. 5220 Odenes
1el: 004566106608
lax: 00456615911¯
Den Lighed & Drabreskabíare ¦Arhus Branbrand}- Danmark
Grimboj·ej 15. 8220 Brabrand Aarhus - Danmark
1el: 004586¯552611. 004586¯55161-
lax: 004586¯55261. 004586261¯13
Germany:
1rang ibn Zved Germanv - lrankíort
1el: 06099¯390353. 0699¯390355
Kreis Isamischer Shudenten leidelberg - Leimerstr 5069126
leidelberg. Germanv
43
1el:006221´¯68236 order 451635
lax:006221´¯68064 order ¯63242
Iinland:
Islamic (ultural (ommunitv oí linland & lelsinki Islam (enter
- P.O. Box 33¯00100 lelsinki. linland
Sweden:
Islamiska Sunni (enter Goteborg Sweden General Sgatan 2-A -
4150 Goteborg
1el: 00463184391¯
lax: 00463184391¯
Mobile: 0046¯0335361¯
Islamiska Kultur loreningen I Malmo - Box: 18003 20032
Malmo - Sweden
1el: 004640948839
lax: 004640944189. 004640211¯03
Japan:
40 - 13 lIRAOKA - (ho lA(lIOJI - Shi. 1OK\O 192-
0061 - JAPAN
1A\lID MOSO
Japan - Islamic center
1 - 16 -11Ohara- Setagava - ku 1okvo - 156 - 0041
1el: 03 - 3460 - 6169
44
lax: 03 - 3460 - 6105
Saudi Arabia:
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in al-Bat`ha area Ri-
vadh,
1el : 00966 - 1 - 4030251
lax: 00966 - 1 - 405938¯
P.O.Box: 20824 Rivadh 11465
www.cocg.org
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in Sultanah area Ri-
vadh,
1el: 00966-1-42400¯¯
lax: 00966-1-4251005
P.O.Box: 926¯5 Rivadh 11663
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in al-Rabwah area Ri-
vadh,
1el: 00966 - 1 - 4916065
lax: 00966 - 1 - 49¯0126
www.islamhouse.com
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in Jeddah
1el: 00966 - 2 - 6829898
lax: 00966 - 1 - 6829898
45
P.O.Box: 689¯ Jeddah 21452
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in al-Khobar
1el: 00966 - 3 - 898¯444
lax: 00966 - 3 - 898¯444
P.O.Box: 31131 Dammam
(ooperati·e Oííice íor (all and Guidance in Jubail
1el: 0966 - 3 - 3613626 - lax: 0966 - 3 - 3611234
Belgium:
(enter d Lducation et Gulturel de Jeunesss Section íoundation
Allaramain Belgique - 100. Rue de la L imite. 1210 Bruzelles.
1el:00322223¯890
lax: 00322223¯890
Holland:
Stichting Ll 1wheed Dellamv Street 49hs. 1053 BG Amsterdam -
lolland
1el: 0031235311816
lax:0031235311816
46
Useful Islamic Websites
www.becon·inced.com
www.islamtodav.com
www.islam-guide.com
www.al-sunnah.com
www.thetruereligion.org
www.it-is-truth.org
www.islam-qa.com
www.prophetmuhammed.org
www.alharamain.org
www.sultan.org
www.islamworld.net
www.islamland.org
www.islamhouse.com
www.bilalphilips.com
www.jaaíaridris.com
www.islamonline.net

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