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PROJECT REPORT

PREPARED BY : ANAS HAKIMI BIN KORI


MATRIC NUMBER : 9431
WEEK NO : 18

DATE BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITY

1/10/2009 Positive Material Identification (PMI) at patch plate for M-102. Instructed
by Inspector Razali and PMI was conducted by Total Sterling NDT man.

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DETAIL REPORT

PREPARED BY: ANAS HAKIMI BIN KORI WEEK NO: 18

Objective(s) of the activities:


1. To learn the basic principle of PMI.
2. To learn how to do PMI.
Contents:
PMI AT M-102 PATCH PLATE
Introduction
Positive Material Identification (PMI) is a NDT method to check the chemical composition of a
material without damaging the material being inspected. There are 2 methods of PMI:
a) XRF method (x-ray fluorescence)
b) Spark emission Spectrography
During this PMI work, the equipment Niton XLt 898 Analyzer uses XRF principle.

Basic Principle of PMI (XRF Technique)


- In XRF techniques, the Analyzer contains a low voltage x-ray generator, which sends out
radiation.
- The exposed material then sends temporarily element specific radiation back, generating energy.
- As every element has its own atomic structure, this reflection will generate different energy level
for every element.
- This energy is measured and detected, thus identifying the alloy elements.
- The disengaged radiation is very low, so safety means would be unnecessary.
- The important advantage of the XRF is that it in service can be executed without damaging the
material. Also, we can receive the result directly after inspection

Equipment & Apparatus


a) Wet and dry tissue
b) Sandpaper
c) PMI analyzer (Nikon XLt 898 Analyzer)

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Procedure
1) Wipe the metal surface with sandpaper to remove any grease or foreign material.
2) Swab the surface with wet tissue followed by dry tissue to clean the surface.
3) Mark 16 points for PMI inspection point.
4) At point 1, start the PMI Analyzer to get the chemical composition of the metal plate.
To handle the PMI Analyzer, tap the PMI Analyzer at the point of interest.
Wait for 15 seconds before PMI Analyzer starts give reading.
Write down the reading from the analyzer’s screen.
5) Continue Procedure (4) for points 2 to 16.

Picture 1 Remove any foreign material from the surface of the metal plate

Picture 2 Tap the PMI Analyzer at the point of interest

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Picture 3 Record the reading from the analyzer’s screen

13 9 5 1

14 10 6 2

15 11 7 3

16 12 8 4

Picture 4 The point of interest to be inspected on the metal plate

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Result
Material being inspected: 304 Stainless Steel

POINT CHEMICAL COMPOSITION


Mn (max Cr (18- Ni (8-11%) Mo Fe Cu
2%) 20%)
1 1.97 18.00 8.10 0.32 70.89 0.26
2 1.89 18.01 8.07 0.30 71.09 0.33
3 1.93 18.40 8.09 0.31 70.47 0.26
4 1.98 18.03 8.19 0.32 70.38 0.18
5 1.60 18.49 8.15 0.31 70.82 0.18
6 1.88 18.28 8.10 0.31 70.68 0.24
7 1.80 18.05 8.43 0.32 70.79 0.30
8 1.93 18.19 8.14 0.31 70.64 0.30
9 1.93 18.00 8.01 0.29 71.03 0.27
10 1.86 18.10 8.07 0.31 70.82 0.25
11 1.92 18.10 8.46 0.31 70.32 0.20
12 1.73 18.12 8.20 0.31 70.90 0.31
13 1.91 18.11 8.22 0.31 70.44 0.26
14 1.82 18.35 8.04 0.30 70.34 0.30
15 1.93 18.25 8.05 0.31 70.70 0.31
16 2.00 18.12 8.05 0.32 70.44 0.33

Table 1 The result of PMI on the patch plate

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Picture 5 Chemical requirements for stainless steel type 304 (highlighted)

Verified by (Plant Supervisor): SHAHRULLIZAM SHAHID

Initial: