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EXAMPLE ANSYS CIVILFEM

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Tendons definition

8

8.1

AIM .......................................................................................................... 1

8.2

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.5.1

Introduction ............................................................................... 5

8.5.2

8.5.3

Analysis .................................................................................... 7

8.5.4

Postprocess .............................................................................. 7

8.6

RESULTS ................................................................................................ 7

8.7

SUMMARY .............................................................................................. 9

EXAMPLE N

DEFINITION

8.1

AIM

8:

TENDONS

The aim of this example is to continue practicing with the Prestressed Concrete

Module, introducing a cable with a more complex geometry than in the previous

example, formed by three parabolic arcs, tangents to each other. In this example the

structure also solved.

8.2

L/4

L/4

L/4

L/4

h/2

ea

ec

g.c.

h

e

Structure's sketch

8-1

Parameter

Value

Units

0.60

1.25

ea

0.20

ec

0.48

25.00

A cable is set, made up of three tangent vertical axis parabolas tangents at the

quarters of the span length, with a prestressing force P0 = 1000 kN.

8.3

RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED

Determine the forces and moments due to prestressing actions and verify the

following extreme values:

Maximum

Minimum

Unit

Value

Location

Value

Location

Bending

moment

200

Support

-480.0

Center

mkN

Axial force

-1000.0

Constant

kN

Shear force

Supports and

center

108.8

Quarters of

light

kN

Prestressing losses will not be considered and the effect of the casing diameter will

be ignored.

8.4

ANALYTIC RESOLUTION

The prestessing load has a double effect: it causes punctual reactions it the supports

and it introduces distributed, normal and tangential loads throughout the beam.

The loads at the supports are:

8-2

Ph

P cos

Pv

P sin

1000 kN sin 0

Ph e a

1000 kN 0,20 m

0

200 kN m

P

r

n

t

0.017408 m

1

r

0m

6.25 m ; 18.75 m

25.0 m

y' ' ( x )

0.017408 m

P

r

17.408 kN / m

17.408 kN / m

6.25 m

0m

x 18.75 m

6.25 m

6.25 m ; 18.75 m

25.0 m

x 18.75 m

Assuming that the slope of the tendon is small, the normal loads can be considered

vertical.

The law of bending moments obtained from the described loads is:

200 8.704 x 2

M( x )

0m

6.25 m

6.25 m

x 18.75 m

x

(kN m)

25.0 m

8-3

-480 kNm

-400

-300

-200

-100

0

5

10

15

20

25

100

200 kNm

200

17.408 x 0 m

V( x )

6.25 m

x 18.75 m

(kN)

25.0 m

108.8 kN

100

50

0

0

10

15

x

20

25

-50

-100

8-4

-108.8 kN

8.5

CALCULATION LOG

8.5.1

Introduction

The description of the example does not specify any material to use. The requested

results are independent of the material, because it is an isostatic beam and

prestressing loads have been neglected.

In order to prevent CivilFEM to calculate and consider prestressing losses, the

parameters needed for its calulation are set to zero (anchorage slip, friction

coefficients, etc.). In the case of having more than one tendon, it would have been

necessary to set a constant tensioning order (all the tendons tensioned at the same

moment) to eliminate the losses by elastic shortening of concrete.

Although the losses will be null, it is necessary to select a code for the calculation. In

this case the Spanish EHE code has been chosen.

For the geometric definition of the tendon (in elevation) it is enough to set the slopes

at the supports (that are null) and the horizontal slope at the center of the span. In

order to define the shape of the parabolas the inflection point can be moved,

although in this case the default value is valid, because the inflection point is placed

at a quarter of the span length from both ends.

The tendon plan definition is a straight line defined by its initial and ending points.

8-5

8.5.2

Model generation

FINISH

~CFCLEAR,,1

! Support Beam

~SBBMDEF

! Parameters

b = 0.60 ! Section widht (m)

a = 1.25 ! section high (m)

L = 25.00 ! beam lenght (m)

ea = 0.20 ! tendon position (m)

ec = 0.48 !

p0 = 1e6 ! In. press. force (N)

p = 1e4 ! Load (N/m)

~CODESEL,,EHE,EHE

~UNITS,SI

! Concrete Code

! Material definition

/PREP7

~CFMP,1,LIB,CONCRETE,EHE,HA -45

~CFMP,2,LIB,PREST,EHE,Y1860S7

~CFMP,2,Prest,A

,,0.0

~CFMP,2,Prest,EPSsr ,,0.0

~CFMP,2,Prest,MU

,,0.0

~CFMP,2,Prest,K

,,0.0

~CFMP,2,Prest,PHI

,,0.0

! Tendon Geometry

~PCEPDEF,1, 1,ea

~PCEPDEF,2,21,-eb

~PCEPDEF,3,41,ea

~PCPPDEF,1, 1,0,0

~PCPPDEF,2,41,0,0

~PCTNDEF,1,2,10e-4,0.001,p0,p0,5e6

~PCTNMDF,1,EADD,1

~PCTNMDF,1,EADD,2

~PCTNMDF,1,EADD,3

~PCTNMDF,1,PADD,1

~PCTNMDF,1,PADD,2

! Losses Calculation

~PCLOSS,0,0,,0

! Apply prestressing losses

~PCPL

~CSECDMS,1,REC,b,a,1

~BMSHPRO,1,BEAM,1,1,,,44,1,1,Beam 1

! Nodes

N,1 $ N,11,L/4 $ N,21,L/2 $ N,31,3*L/4 $ N,41,L

FILL,1,11 $ FILL,11,21

FILL,21,31 $ FILL,31,41

! Elements

MAT,1 $ ET,1,BEAM44 $ TYPE,1 $ REAL,1

E,1,2 $ EGEN,40,1,1,2,1

! Boundary conditions

D, 1,UX $ D,1,UY $ D,1,UZ $ D,1,ROTX

D,41,UY $ D,41,UZ

8-6

8.5.3

Analysis

/SOLU

SOLVE

8.5.4

Postprocess

/POST1

! Point to result load state

~CFSET,,1

! Plot results

~PLLSFOR,F,X,-1,

~PLLSFOR,M,Z,-1,

~PLLSFOR,F,Y,-1

8.6

RESULTS

In the following figures the forces and moments distribution are shown

8-7

NOV 10 2004

13:57:46

PLOT NO. 1

LINE STRESS

STEP=1

SUB =1

TIME=1

CFETAB_ICFETAB_J

MIN =-.100E+07

ELEM=1

MAX =-994133

ELEM=30

-.100E+07

-999348

-998696

-998044

-997393

-996741

-996089

-995437

-994785

-994133

Y

Z

NOV 10 2004

13:57:47

PLOT NO. 2

LINE STRESS

STEP=1

SUB =1

TIME=1

CFETAB_ICFETAB_J

MIN =-480000

ELEM=21

MAX =200000

ELEM=40

-480000

-404444

-328889

-253333

-177778

-102222

-26667

48889

124444

200000

Y

Z

NOV 10 2004

13:57:47

PLOT NO. 3

LINE STRESS

STEP=1

SUB =1

TIME=1

CFETAB_ICFETAB_J

MIN =-108162

ELEM=31

MAX =108162

ELEM=10

-108162

-84126

-60090

-36054

-12018

12018

36054

60090

84126

108162

Y

Z

Example 8: Results

8-8

Maximum

Minimum

Unit

Value

Location

Value

Location

Bending

moment

200

Support

-480.00

Center

mkN

Axial force

-1000.00

Constant

kN

Shear force

Supports and

center

108.02

Quarters of

light

kN

As it can be seen, the differences respect to the analytically obtained results are

minimum.

8.7

SUMMARY

With this exercise the reader has modelled and solved a simple prestressed concrete

structure, in which the tendon, or active reinforcement, is made up by a series of

vertical axis parabolas.

The example also serves for the user to become familiar with the concept of

prestressing forces and moments and to distinguish between isostatic (that are the

total forces and moments in this case) and hyperstatic (zero in this example).

8-9

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