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Chemistry

Chapter 7
7.1
Power Point Notes

Fill in the blanks as you go through the power point show.

Slide 2:

What three things do you learn from a chemical formula?
a) _________________________________________________________________

b) ______________________________________________________

c) ______________________________________________________

C8H18
What are the elements in this compound?

How many atoms of each element?

What type of compound is this (ionic? Covalent?) How do you know?

Al2(SO4)3

What are the elements in this compound?

How many atoms of each element?

What type of compound is this (ionic? Covalent?) How do you know?

Sldie 3:

_______________________________ are ions that are made of a single atom with a

_______________________________ or _______________________________ charge.

Chpate 7 PPT Notes -1- -1-

Slide 4: YOU MUST KNOW THE CHARGES OF THE FOLLOWING MONATOMIC IONS. Ion Charge Group 1 Group 2 Group 13 Group 14 Group 15 Group 16 Group 17 Iron (II) Symbol and Charge Fe 2+ Iron (III) Copper (I) Copper (II) Zinc Silver Tin (II) Tin (IV) Lead (II) Lead (IV) All other monatomic ions you will ask your teacher or look up on a table. THEY HAVE TO BE PART OF YOU FOR THE REST OF THE YEAR.Many _______________________________ have a single charge which is easy to predict using the periodic table. (See the table provided in class or in your textbook) Chpate 7 PPT Notes -2. -2- . Other monatomic ions have _______________________________ possible charges and must be memorized or look up on a _______________________________.

We do this Chpate 7 PPT Notes -3.Slide 5: In addition to monatomic ions there are about 10 polyatomic ions you MUST have memorized. Name Formula Charge Slide 6: Naming ions is easy!! Monatomic cations are named after the metal element.is called ____________________________ C 4. For these you must . Ca 2+ is called ____________________________ Na 1+ is called ____________________________ Al 3+ is called ____________________________ Ba 2+ is called ____________________________ Monatomic anions are named for the element.is called ____________________________ P 3. Drop the ending from the name of the nonmetal element and add ____________________________ Br. therefore. -3- .is called ____________________________ O 2.is called ____________________________ Slide 7: Some monatomic cations have more than one ____________________________. express the ____________________________.

The latin name for lead is plumbum. Name these ions Fe 2+ ____________________________ Fe 3+ ____________________________ Pb 2+ ____________________________ Pb 4+ ____________________________ Cu 1+ ____________________________ Cu 2+ ____________________________ Slide 8: Cations with more than one possible charge may also be named using the root of the greek or latin name ending with either ____________ or ________________. Copper (I) is also called Cupr_______ and Copper (II) is called cupr_______________. a) ________________________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________________ c) ________________________________________________________ Slide 10: Writing the formulas for the following (keep in mind these are always empirical formulas since they represent ionic compounds. Follow these steps for writing formulas of ionic compounds.using a ____________________________ numeral following the name of the element.). Sn 2+ could be called Stann________ and Sn 4+ would be called stann____________. This method is called the ____________________________ system. Once you know the ____________________________ of the common ions it is easy to write formulas for ionic compounds. What is the name of lead (II) ____________________________ and lead (IV) ____________________________ Slide 9: Writing formulas is next. The “ic” suffix is given to the ion with hIgh charge and the “ous” suffix is given to the ion with the lOw Fe 2+ could be called ferr_________ and Fe 3+ would be called ferr_______________. -4- . Sodium Chloride Magnesium bromide magnesium phosphate Chpate 7 PPT Notes -4.

-5- . Name these: CaCO3____________________________ Al2O3____________________________ NaI____________________________ FeO____________________________ Fe2O3__________________________ Slide 12: For writing names or formulas for covalent compound you need to know 10 number value prefixes 6) 1) 7) 2) 8) 3) 9) 4) 10) 5) Slide 13: The prefix is used to ____________________________________________________ Write formulas for these: Carbon monoxide __________________________ Carbon dioxide __________________________ Write names for these: NO __________________________ N20 __________________________ N3O7 __________________________ P2O5 __________________________ Chpate 7 PPT Notes -5. All you do is name the ions shown in the formula. Remember that if the ion has more than one possible charge you have to tell which ion it is.Slide 11: Naming ionic compounds is easy.

P4O10 __________________________ Slide 14: Name these SbCl3 __________________________ As2O5 __________________________ N2O4 __________________________ PBr3 __________________________ ICl3 __________________________ Slide 15: A traditional acid is a compound that donate __________________________ in water. There are two main types of traditional acids A binary acid is List some examples of binary compounds. traditional acids all contain __________________________. Therefore. An oxyacid is List some examples of oxyacids. -6- . Polyatomic ions may be derived from oxyacids when they lose _____________________ Ions. Write equations to show the ionization of oxyacids: Chpate 7 PPT Notes -6. Slide 16: Acids form when _______________________ substance are dissolved in water.

Slide 19: More on naming acids with oxyanions. One less oxygen than the “ate” is the _______________________________________. One less oxygen that the “ite” is the _____________________________________. One more oxygen than the “ate” is the ________________________________________. -7- . Write equations to show the formation of these. What is the formula and charge of hydrogen carbonate ion? _______________________ What is the formula and charge of the hydrogen sulfate ion? _______________________ Hydrogen carbonate is also called ___________________________________________ Hydrogen sulfate is also called ______________________________________________ Slide 18: Oxyanions are named by the number of oxygen atoms present. “ate” polyatomic ions make ________________________ oxyacids “ite” polyatomic ions make ________________________ oxyacids Name these: HClO3 _______________________ HClO2 _______________________ HClO _______________________ Chpate 7 PPT Notes -7.Some acids may only lose 1 hydrogen to make a polyatomic ion with one or more hydrogen. Name these ions: ClO4 ClO3 ClO2 ClO The most common polyatomic ion is designated as the “ate” ion.

HClO4 _______________________ What names would you give the following: HBrO4. -8- . HBrO2. HBrO3. HBrO Chpate 7 PPT Notes -8.