# Fractal s

are

Beautiful Mathematic
The formula behind fractals.
The simple formula, first used by Benoit B.Mandelbrot was this : Z = Z2 + C Seemingly very simple, but it contains possibilities for an extremely complicted output when given interation possibility, and it has also an imaginary part. This imaginar part involve use of complex numbers in C, in the terms of “i”, which equals the square root of -1. Complex numbers follow their own rules that sometimes differ from those of real numbers. Because of their unique properties, they are often used in fractals that are graphed in the complex planes. The so called Mandelbrot set is one example of a fractal that is graphed in the complex plan.

Looking close with a magnifying glass along the periferical border (sharp picture), one will see just the same structure as in the main picture, a unik kind of a repetition.

Julia sets exist in the complex plane, where the horizontal axis represent the real numbers, and the vertical axis represents imginary numbers. An assortment of Julia sets here sourrounds the Mandelbrot set.

In the equation (x=x2+ C ), the C for Julia sets are more sophisticated, having a complex number involved. This imply infinite possibilities for the developing of fractals. The two fractal examples shown here was achieved by different values for the C in the equation, and shows what influence this had for the image of the fractal pictures. More thrilling pictures can be achieved by laying in colours , and the colour distribution will depend on how many iterations used.

When Benoit B.Mandelbrot in 1975 published his først book about fractals, the interest increased

rapidly. Few years later (1978) came his book Nature” .

“The Fractal Geometri of

This book is far from easily read, and you should be well skilled in mathematics and its formulations to get a profound advantage from reading the book. With it’s 468 pages an extensive job waits for you ! For those who prefer a more spontanus meeting with beautyful fractals and less heavy mathematics, the book The Beauty of recommended. It was publishet 199 pages and 185 figures, many

Fractals is in 1986, with in colour.

Where can you just play with fractals ?
You have a fine opportunity for doing this by downloading a freeware program called Fractal Forge. You find it in Google, just try this :
Fractovia - Fractal Forge

Fractal Forge v.2.8.2 is freeware. You can use it to draw your own fractal images, and explore Mandelbrot Set's branches. Now it's easier and faster than ... http://www.fractovia.org/uberto/ –

When you has got in on your screen, just click in upper left corner and then on File and Open file. Then you get 30 different fractals you can play with. Chose one of them, and Open it. Wait for some seconds, and then click in upper right corner. This should bring you a menu, and click on Data. Now you can enter into the formula, and change iterations etc. etc., and then click on Start to see the result. Good Luck !

Do you just want to look at beautiful fractals ?
An excellent collection can be found in Sekino’s Fractal Gallery, try it on the address . http://www.willamette.edu/~sekino/fractal/annex.htm Take a look at four of them :

Skien, 7. febr. 2010 Kjell W. Tveten