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ab^[f 1  1 ( 1 *9_buxf  ‰Nu fkuxKe Rjli\d“_ce 1  1 ( 1 *I^   ^[a _bi\uxdGdGutdy_9acux>e  utvt_ci lutr‡utdy_^h‰›wŠGajli\_cuxe & )( +*xZ

y 

¡ =“Bh•yOQ•l= ,

y jlikutd“_- u_.  ŠGux‰  vxuxavxf\uxeRr&jldy_bacuta ‰Ÿƒ~i\fu›ike _bu1ŠGux‰› „Gj[r‡j[_c„Gst_cikute_bab^hdGe>+”jlar-^hd“_
uxd 
Z / ‰GunŠGi\acuwecif\uxe7ab^Cq[jldGe7ecjldy_sl^[‰›0$
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l=
—

y jli\_ 1 221 ‰Gd _cacig^h d lfk"u  vtjldGe_cac‰Gi\ac™
u  fk^ acŽ [fku ut_^[‰ vxjlr  ^[e3‰Gd vC^[aacs ŠGjldy_ ‰Gd
ecjlr&r‡u_^  ^[a_cikutd“_^[‰6v [_cs 12 G‰Gd6ecj[r‡r&ut_^[‰6v [_cs 11 ut_ŠGut‰›3ejlr‡r&ut_ce^[ŠHc^[vxutd“_ce 
^   ^[a _bi\uxdGdGutdy_ ^h‰ v [_bs 221 Z
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l4
= 3

y jli\_ 1221 ‰Gd_baig^[d lfkuikej›vtŽxfkuuxd 1 Nf\uxce Rjli\d“_c&e  ut6_ 5 ecj[d“_ Gaci\e ec‰Nafkutev [_csxe 1 2
ut_ 1.1 aux>e  utvt_b4i lutr‡utd“_xZ ]uxe ŠGacjliˆ_but"e 7 2 598 u_ 7 1 :8>ecu vtjl ‰ Ruxdy_ux<d ;&>Z = jldy_bauxa “‰Gu fkute
ŠGacjliˆ_bute 7'?5487u _ 7 221 8ecjldy,_  ^[ac^[fkf\Žxfkuteeciu_7ecut‰Gfkutr‡utd“_eiIj[d ^ 1  ; ‡ 1 ;5 Z
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l= @
¢

y jli\_ 1  1 ( 1 *‡‰Gd _baig^[d lfkuuA_ ;CB&‰Gd Rjli\d“_AŠN‰ Gfk^[d .Z  d ŠG3s BGdGi\_ 1.D ‡ 1DFE *@Rjl‰Ga
˜GH#G0Z  d-vtjldGe _bac‰Ni\_>‰GdGuec‰Ni\_bIu ;J;C(K;C*lŠGu_butfkf\uecjla _b,u  ‰N.u ;,ecjliˆ_ f ƒ~i\r-"^ lu ŠG-u ;C E  
^[a`fg^ acj[_b^h_bi\jld ŠGu3vxutdy_bacu 1 JLMmut_AŠ ƒ~^[ d lf\u (* N OZ = jldy_bacuta “‰Gu3ec0i ;QPFRFSL‡T;CBJ^[fkjlae fku
_bacik^[ d lf\u 1  1 ( 1 * uxe _s “‰Gikfk^h_bstab^[f Z
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l4
= U

4_b^[dy_ ŠGjldNdGsxe _cacjli\e vtuxacvtfkute ŠGut‰› &ŠGux‰›ŠGi\e jli\d“_cexZ Dac^[vxuta f\uxe _cacjli\A
e Rjli\d“_ce Š ƒ…ikdy_cuxka
ecuxv_bi\jld ŠNuxe7_|^[ d [uxdy_bute u _csxaci\ux‰Gauxevxjlr&r ‰GdNux,e &v|„G^ “‰Gu  ^hikacunŠGunvtuxacvtfkutexMZ = jldy_baux,a “‰Gu
vxuxe_cacjli\&e  jli\dy_beecj[d“_ ^[f\!i ldNsxexZ
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l4
= V

}

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acuxdy_cuxestv|„Guxf\fkutemu_Rjlecstuxe1f ƒ…‰GdGu&ec‰Ga1f ƒ~^[‰N_cacuhZ wd‘ec‰  j[ecu“‰Gu‡fg^(Gf\‰Ge Rut_ci\_cu&ŠNuxe1ŠGux‰›
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fkuxe ac3u Gacstecuxdy_b^h_bi\jldGewec‰Na fkute ŠGut‰› vx^[a_cuxe vtj  dGvtikŠGutdy_CZ 4 d ŠGj[dGdGuxa ‰GdGu vtjldGe_cac‰Gv_bi\jl•d fg^
acŽ [fkuwut_ ^[‰3vtjl@r G^[exZ
¡=“Bh•yOQ•l= ; 
š

y jli\_ 12 1 ‰Nd‡_baig^[d lfkui\ecj vxŽxf\uuxd 1 u6_ (ejld-vtuxacvtfkuvxi\acvxj[dGecvtaci\_x]Z  d-dGj[_cu 3f\u7vxuxavxf\u
_|^[ d [uxdy_1^[‰›(ŠGacjliˆ_bute 12 ut_ 1.1 ut_w_b^[ d lutdy_  ikdy_csxaci\ux‰Gauxr&uxdy_CKZ wd dGjh_b)u ;0+
fkute 
jli\dy_beŠGu vxj[d“_b^[vt_ ŠGu ‘J^ lutv 12  11 J acute Ruxvt_ci [uxr&uxdy_CZ 4 d BG%d   ute_ fkuvtuxdy_bau ŠG
u  
ute_ fkuwr&ikfki\ux‰‡ŠGu  ; 
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‰Ne_b4i B uxa6f ƒ~3s y^[f\i\_b
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1 221 Z 

e /  m t 4     2 
i j[r‡r&ux d jtjldGe  ^[a‰NdGu Gacj Naciks_bswi\@r Rjla_b^[dy_bu ŠNuxevxuxavxf\uxexZ 
’“JRB  M*=*;
y

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tu _c_cu•GacjGaci\st_bs ecu(_cab^[ŠG‰Ni\_6^hikdGei utd _cuxar‡uteŠ ƒ~^[d lf\uxeŠGuŠGuxr&i4 KŠGacjliˆ_bute65 eci ut_ 5
ecjldy_mŠG‰ r ?xr&u&v[_bs&ŠGu&fg^3ŠGacj[i\_bu7 12 8 ^hfkjlae1f\uxe“‰ ^h_bauRjlikdy_ce 1  2   ut_ 5 ejldy_
vxj vtq vxf\i!“‰Guxeeiut_7eux‰Gf\uxr&uxdy_7ecijld3^ 1   2 ‡ 1 5 2 Neci  ut_I5 ecj[d“_7ŠNu1v[_bste7j Rjlecste 
^[aab^  Rjla _ -fk^‡ŠGajli\_c<
u 7 12 8 R^[fkjlae 1  2 % u_"5 ejldy_ vtj›vq›vtfki ‰Nuxe eiu_ ecut‰Gfkutr‡utdy_
eci jld ^ 1   2 ‡ — ‚ 1 5 2 Z $ ~u Gf\‰Gemutd ^ Ruxfk^[dy_ f\u‡vtuxdy_bauŠG‰ vtuxavxfku‡vxi\acvxj[dGecvtaci\_ 
1 2 ?5WRj[d^ 7 ” 1 S” 2 8v‡3>7' 1   2 8.‡3%7Q5 1 J5 2 8 Z
i u_c_c,u Nacj Gaiks_bseik r Gfk8u  utacr&ut_>ŠGGs  ŠGu&+Q^[ikau vxu“‰ ƒ…jld&^ Ruxf\fku fk^ v|„ ^[eecu ^[‰›A^hd lfkute 
-ebJ^ lj[ikawv|„Gutacv|„Guta1e‰Ga ‰GdN
u BCl‰Ga
u “‰Guxf\ewecjldy_wf\uxew^[d lfkute s y^h‰› Ÿec‰  Gfkstr‡utdy_|^[i\acux3e  vxj[r 
Gfkstr‡utd“_b^[ikauxetZ\ZˆCZ / j[‰Ge7f ƒ…ikfkf\‰Ge_cacutacjldGe J^ luxv1‰GdGu Gaj Gaikst_cswŠGuxe7_baig^[d lfkutexZ
i

A
B
A
R

C
B

D

P

M

M NO=PRQRSUTBVXWGYZNO\[]\^_N&P`[acbdOfegVhPiSjVlkN&QfOmN&noN&VlPpOfN&nqXYUTBqXYZNO
Lestriangles
M AB etM B C
sont inversemen
t semblables.

‚

A

Th´
eor`
eme d 

’“JRB M*=(X O TI= W

!" ' 1 221 +H%_'$/K" ,h% XE # #' ; 7  7  '0/1!" 6
24!" %('0686K" 'K+
&6 6B+H/8E$#6 @ <' 
6 221 7 11o7 1 2
/?#6 2=# @'$"#&IJ#&%(' 9 E !/K6 E #64@B#&/?@E #64@"5/?@ !%6?@&/K" '06 ,.+8'$/K" ,h% XE #6 1   72 ; 
7 1 
; 23,h6K61#%('
2 ,h/o+H% 2=!G" %('`@B!I8I +H% 9
A
B

Q
R
T
C
B

D

C

P

Th´
eor`
eme de Miquel 
ƒ< V*X]9V 5 
y jliˆ_~}œf ƒ~i\d“_cuxaecuxv_bi\jld–ŠGuxe3vtuxacvtfkute vtikavxjldGevxai\_be3^h‰› _cacig^hd lfkute

M

riangles
M AB etM B C
inversemen
t semblables.

vxjlf\ikdGsx^[aciˆ_bs ŠNuxe, jli\dy_bejld ^
} 

‡N— ‚ 1  # } }  

1

Œ^[a7vxj vtq vtfkikvti\_cs jld ^

A

}

2

‡N— ‚ 1   }  }- ;
A

1

1 



ut_

2 ; 

ZŒ^ha

‡N— ‚ 2  ;#} 

B

‡O— ‚ 1  } }   2 N
‡ — ‚ 2  ;#}

1

O

D

ŠGstŠG‰Giˆ_ }. ; 1 ‡ — ‚ 1  } – ^[a`vxj[dGecs3 ‰Nuxdy_f\uxe“‰ ^h_cacu(Rjlikdy_be 1 ; –}4œejldy_
vxj vtq vxf\!i “‰Guxe3 ŠGjldGv#} ^  ^[a _bi\uxdy_^[‰ vxuxavxf\u1vtikavxjldGevxai\_^[‰6_baig^[dlfku 1 ;&Z  

f uxe _ i\@r Rjla_b^[dy_1fkjlae“‰ ƒ…jld*vx^[fkvt‰Gfku&ŠGuxe^[d lf\uxemŠGu@+Q^[i\acu&^h__buxdy_cikjld*^[‰› ecildGuxemut_ 

f ƒ…jlaci\uxdy_|^h_cikjld ŠGuxe1^[d lfkutew"^ B d ŠGuAdGu  ^hewsxvxaikau`ŠGuxenv|„Gjleuxe  ab^[i\uxewec‰Nawvxuxa _|^[i\dGuxe#BC[‰Gacute
r-^[i\e +Q^[‰Nececute‡e‰Ga`Š ƒ~^[‰N_cacux6e F=ljli\a u›uxavxi\vxu Y€‹ I Z 4 d [sxdGstab^[f jld sxvtaciˆ_Afkuxeacuxfk^h_bi\jldGe 
“‰Gi
ecjldy,_ ›ac^[ikute7ec‰Gafg
^ BCl‰Nacu “‰ ƒ~j[d(^AŠGuxeecikdNsxu Rut_jl2d lstaci BGu “‰ ƒ…uxf\fkute auxe_cuxdy,_ ›ac^[ikute e‰Ga7fkute
^[‰N_baux&e BCl‰Nacux3e  jl‰ ^[‰3r‡jli\dG&e “‰GunŠGuxeacutfg^h_cikjldNeeci\r‡i\fg^[i\acuxe acute_cuxdyA_  ac^[ikutexZ
Šd^h‰N_bau1asxe‰Gf\_b^h_7ik r  j[a_|^hd“_ ec‰Ga7f\uxe7vxutacvxf\uxe7ut_f\ux&e “‰ ^[ŠGaikfk^h_bŽtacuxeute_ fkuwe‰Gi h^[dy_CZ 
 ’“JLB ›M = 
™ n@PJRW”’›M ’ = 
P 

wd

C

r

E

C

B

D

Th´
eor`
eme de Ptol
´
em´
ee

Puissance
de P parrapport`
a :
P A.PB = P C .PD = P E 2 = O P 2 − r2

!" '

1221 

+h% ).+X,X/K" E ,.'&/?# 9! % , E#" "5%$
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p6B+H"?,h%('R#('

*)

11  2 

1 2 1 

‰

221 5 1 

,G#B@( 
,hE5" '
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- @B#o).+H" 6D." X%"./*# ).+# E$#&60X/?!" 'f#6 7 11 8 #' 7 2  8 ?6 #
@B!+B2=#&%*'21 E," " %('& 
/K" #+H/3(+ @ #/1@E$#4 9

†
D

M

Th´
eor`
eme de Mique
Lestriangles
M AB etM B C
sont inversemen
t semblables.

A

B
O
P

C
r

E
E

C
B

Puissance
de P parra
P A.PB = P C .PD =

D 

ƒ< V*X]9V 5
Th´
eor`
eme de Ptol
´
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ee 
y jli\_–f ƒ…‰GdGi“‰Gu. jli\dy_9ŠG‰Gfk^[dw_butf]“‰Gu fkute_bacik^[d lf\uxe 1 2 –ut_

ejlikutd“_IŠGi\acutvt_butr‡utdy_
ecuxrGfg^[Nfkuxe&FQv[ƒ…uxe _> G ŠGi\acu&“‰ ƒ…ikf›u›ike _bu7‰GdGu7eci\r‡i\fkiˆ_b‰GŠGu>ŠGi\acutvt_buutdEljPqy^[dy_ 12 e‰Ga  1  1 IZ 
wd ^ 2 1  ‡ 12 1 Š ƒ…jb 2 ‡ 1 2  1   1 Z $mƒ{^[‰›_bacuL ^ha_Ajld ^ 11 ‡ 
12 ‡ 1.1 1 6 ŠGj[dGv fkute‡_baig^[dlfkute 11 
2 1  u_ 1
u_ 1  2 ecjldy_3ecutr Gfk^[Gfkute 
Š ƒ~jb 1 ‡ 1.1  2   1 Za$ƒ~^GacŽtef ƒ…ikdGs3y^[f\i\_bs_cacig^hd l‰Gfk^[ikauŠG^[dGefku_baig^[ d [fku 2 1 j[d3^
1
) 12 ‰ 2 "^Jluxv1sl^[fkiˆ_bs eiut_ecut‰Gfkutr‡utd“_eifkuxe&Rjli\d“_ce 1  2  ecj[d“_ ^[f\!i ldGsteŠ ^[dNe
vxut_ jlacŠGau[Z 4 d acuxr Gfk^jC^[dy_ 2 8u_ 1  ^[a fkuteAh^[fkut‰Gace  jlN_cuxd“‰Gux3e  jld _cacjla‰ lu f ƒ~i\dGs y^hfki\_cs
ŠGumf ƒ~stdGjldGvts[Z ] ƒ~s3y^[fkiˆ_bsn^&fkikut‰ ei9ut_ eux‰Gf\uxr&uxdy_ eciIjld(^ 1221 ‡`— ‚ 12 ‡`— ‚ 1  1 
ŠGjldGvneciu_ecux‰Nfkuxr&uxdy_ecif\uxe&Rjlikdy_ce 1  2  1   ejldy_vxj vtq vxf\!i “‰GuxeŠ ^[dNevtut_jlaŠGacuhZ 
ŠdGu`^[‰›_bacu GacjGaci\st_bsmikr  j[a_|^hd“_cu “‰GiIŠGstvxjl‰Gf\u ŠGu fk@^ Gauxr&ikŽtacu1uxe_ vx
u “‰ ƒ…jld ^  Ruxf\fku
fg^ 
G‰Gi\ecec^[dGvxu1Š ƒ…‰G2d  jli\dy&_  ^[a7ab"^   j[a,_ `‰Gd vxuxavxf\u[Z 
’“JLlB  M*=  mTIO ?C?tD F•l= S ˆTIF U JRO F @&UIDGBB€DGUIU JLB€
@
TF–•l=“BE•yW”= 
1  1

A

B

!" ' +H% @B#/1@E # #G' +H% 24!"5%*' ; 9 !" ' +H%*# </1!" 'R#2 ,h6D6,h%('i2 ,h/
#% 1 #' 2 -
G#%('K+<#E E #I #%('4@B!% !G%$(+H64 9  E !/K6=E #F2A/1! (R +h" ' ; 1  ;
#' # 7 2 ,h6 # E , X/?!" 'f# 9

A

;

#' @ !+g2 ,h%(' E$#@B#/1@E #
*% Q# D
R2=#&%$ ).+# # ;
2

T

D estl’axe
radical
de
etG . 
ƒ< V*X]9V 5 
y jli\_‰GdGum^[‰N_cacu1ŠGacj[i\_bu ^heceb^hd“_A ^[a-; tu _ vxj[‰  ^[dy_ fku1vxuxavxf\umutd 1 ut_  F=ljli\a&BCl‰Gau7IZ 
wd ^
;  11 ‡ 2  11 ‡ 2  1 ‡
‚ ;- 2 
9
]
t
u 

e
b
_ 

a
g
i
[
^
[fkuxe ; 11 u_ ; 2 ecj[d“_7ŠNjldGv euxr Gfk^[Gf\uxeF”Th´
d
ut_eŠ orƒ…jl`eameikuxdyde_b^hMiquel
_bi\jldGe j  j[ecsxuteSI GŠ ƒ…jb
Lestriangles 
; 2 B GCecjliˆ_I; 1  ; 2 ‡ ; 1  ;Z
; 1 ;- M‡ AB
; 1etM 

sont inversemen
t semblables.
1

C

B

D

2

C

P

M

]u(G aj›ŠN‰Gi\_2; 1  ; 2 uxe _&^ Ruxf\s
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vxuxavxf\u: Z y i” uxe _ f\u vtuxdy_bau ŠG‰
vxuxavxf\uut_'& ejldAab^Cqljld|yjld  ut‰N_>v|„Gjli
ecika 7 ” ; 8vtjlr&r‡u>ŠGajli\_cu u_u aGaci\r‡uta
fg^
G ‰Gi\ecec^[dGvxu1ŠGu; vtjlr‡r&u
7 ” ; ‰ & 87
” ; ‚ & 8 ‡Q ” ; ( ‚ & ( 

A

A

E

C
B

D

Th´
eor`
eme de Ptol
´
em´
ee

B
O
D

P

C
r

‹

E 

&S ] ^ b a

(

( !$# 
 "

(

Puissance
de P parrapport`
a :
P A.PB = P C .PD = P E 2 = O P 2 − r2

M

Th´
eor`
eme de Miquel
Lestriangles
M AB etM B C
sont inversemen
t semblables.

A

>d lstdGsxac^[fGjld`‰›_bikf\ikeu ŠGute f\jld l‰Nux‰Gae
^[!f lstGaci“‰Guxe3 vtu• ‰Niw^Rjl‰GavtjldGecs 
‰NuxdGvtu“‰Gufk^•G‰Gikeeb^[dNvxuute_@ j[eci4
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vxjlaacux>e  j[dGŠ(^[‰3vx^[e j b fk^AŠNacjliˆ_bu 7 ; 1 8 ute__|^[dluxdy_bum^[‰ vxutacvxf\uC ^haf\u _b„GstjlacŽtr‡u1ŠGu1ŒqE
_b„ ^ [jlac"u  jld aut_cacjl‰ [umŠNikacutvt_cuxr&uxdy_ fk
^ [^hfkux‰NaŠGumfk^ G‰Gikeeb^[dNvxuutd2+”j[dGvt_cikjld ŠGu” ; u_ ŠNu
&›Z
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ŠGuxe7fkj[ d l‰Gut‰Gace^[f lsxGa!i “‰GutSe I*G^[fkjlae 1  2  1 ut_  ecjldy_vxj vtq vtfk!i “‰GutexZ
y j[ikuxdy_ ŠGut‰› vxutacvtfkuxe  ut_ (
ŠNu vtuxdy_bauxe-aux>e  utvt_b4i +”e ”  ut@_ ”(-ŠNu
ac^CqljldGeIacute Ruxv_bi +”e &  ut_ &(JP‰GdG1u “‰Gux e
_cikjld8d ^h_c‰Gacutfkfku uxe _–ŠGu eu ŠGuxr‡^[ad
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^Cql^[dy_ r ?xr&&u G‰Gi\ecec^[dGvx,u  ^[a ac^  Rjla_ 
vtuxe7ŠGut‰› vxutacvxf\uxet„Z  d ec^[i\_ [a [vtu 
dNj[_bau&dNj[_bau +”j[acr ‰Gf\u`ua Gf\ikvxiˆ_b
u “‰ ƒ…ikf
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les
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