You are on page 1of 28

84096_TM_TR810_C

EC Declaration of Conformity available at: www.jotron.com

Abbreviations and definitions


ALARM
Message by which the unit signals the occurrence of an event. The alarm is indicated by an audible tone and/or a
message (or icon) on the display.
BAUD
Transmission rate unit of measurement for binary coded data (bit per second).
BIT
Short form of Binary Digit. The smallest element of data in a binary-coded value.
BITE
Built In Test Equipment
bps
Bits Per Second.
FSK
Frequency Shift Keying
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization
IEC
International Electro-technical Commission.
INTERFACE
Electronic circuits that permit the passage of data between different types of devices.
ITU
International Telecommunication Union.
I.ED
Light Emitting Diode.
RESET
To return stored values to either the default value or zero in memory.
RF
Radio Frequency
R/O
Read only
R/W
Read and Write
SIGNAL- TO-NOISE RATIO (S/N)
Quantitative relationship between the useful and non-useful part of the received signal. A high S/N indicates a
good receiving condition.

84096_TM_TR810_C

S/N
See SIGNAL- TO-NOISE RATIO

SOFTWARE
Values programmed and preloaded into memory. The values represent a permanent set of instructions for
running the automatic functions (computations) of the unit.
VHF
Very High Frequency; A set of frequencies in the lower MHz region.
VSWR
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio

84096_TM_TR810_C

Amendment Record

AMENDMENT
NO.

INCORP.
BY

DATE

PAGE(S)

ES

16.01.08

Total: 28

ES

08.02.08

ES

11.03.08

Page 4-2
1-1, 2-1
4-2, 5-1

VERSION

REASON
FOR CHANGE

New product

Shielded wire microphone

Added text

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

84096_TM_TR810_C

The information in this book has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate.
However, no responsibility is assumed for inaccuracies.
Jotron AS reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products or
modules described herein to improve reliability, function or design. Jotron AS does not
assume any liability arising out of the application or use of the described product.

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

CAUTION!
This equipment contains CMOS integrated circuits. Observe handling precautions to avoid
static discharges which may damage these devices.

WARNING!
Some RF semiconductor devices used in this equipment may contain Beryllium Oxide. If
inhaled, dust from this oxide can be toxic. No danger will arise from normal handling but no
attempt should be made to tamper with these devices. On no account must these transistors be
destroyed or discarded with industrial or domestic waste, but should be returned to the
manufacturers for subsequent disposal.

Intensive use of the transmitter will heat up the cooling rib.

84096_TM_TR810_C

PRECAUTIONS
Connectors and cables
Do not force plugs in place, as this may damage the pins in the plugs.
Do not pull the cables when removing connectors from the TR-810, take instead a firm grip
around the connector, press in the locking pin and pull.

Display and front panel


Avoid touching the display with sharp objects, as scratches can reduce the visibility.

Storage and safe handling


Storage temperature is between -40C to + 70 C.
Cleaning of the equipment can be done with a cloth soaked in a mixture of ordinary dishdetergent and water.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1. Do not place liquid-filled containers on top of the equipment.
2. Immediately turn off the power if water or other liquid leaks into the equipment.
Continued use of the equipment can cause fire or electrical shock. Contact Jotron AS
for service.
3. Immediately turn off the power if the equipment is emitting smoke or fire.
4. Do not operate the equipment with wet hands.

84096_TM_TR810_C

WARNING STATEMENT
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

MODIFICATION WARNING STATEMENT


Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

DIGITAL DEVICE STATEMENT


This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can
be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
--Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
--Increase the separation between the equipment and transceiver.
--Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that
to which the transceiver is connected.
--Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

84096_TM_TR810_C

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

2
3

GENERAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................... 1-1


1.1 VERSIONS TR-810 UNITS ............................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 TR-810 VHF AM TRANSCEIVER UNIT ........................................................................ 1-1
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ................................................................................. 2-1
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ................................................................................... 3-1
3.1 TR-810 FRONT PANEL CONTROLS ............................................................................... 3-1
3.2 TRANSCEIVER REAR CONNECTIONS. ............................................................................ 3-2
INSTALLATION............................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1 CAR INSTALLATION ..................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1.1 TR-810 Mobile ..................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 TR-810 DESKTOP INSTALLATION ................................................................................ 4-2
4.2.1 External antenna ................................................................................................. 4-3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 MENU SYSTEM ............................................................................................................ 5-2
5.3 FUNCTION BUTTONS .................................................................................................... 5-2
5.4 STARTING MENU ......................................................................................................... 5-2
5.5 MENU TREE ................................................................................................................ 5-3
5.6 MAIN MENU ................................................................................................................ 5-4
5.6.1 Setup menu .......................................................................................................... 5-4
TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION TR-810 ....................................................................... 6-1
6.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 SOFTWARE MODULE .................................................................................................... 6-1
6.3 TRANSCEIVER MODULE (82769).................................................................................. 6-1
6.4 FRONT MODULE (82768) ............................................................................................. 6-1
MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................ 7-1
7.1 ENVIRONMENTAL CHECK ............................................................................................ 7-1
7.2 BITE MEASUREMENTS ................................................................................................ 7-1
7.3 TR-810 TROUBLESHOOTING BASED ON BITE ALARM CONDITIONS............................. 7-2
7.4 TUNING OF LO FREQUENCY ........................................................................................ 7-3
APPENDIX ...................................................................................................................... 8-1

84096_TM_TR810_C

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The TR-810 VHF AM transceiver is designed for use in ground to air communication in the
118-137MHz air band, with selectable channel spacing, 8.33KHz* or 25KHz. The transceiver
operates in accordance to ICAO recommendations and conforms to the requirements of
European Telecom Standard Institute, ETSI, EN 300676 standard. The transceiver will be
delivered with 10 Watt, 40 Watt PEP, output power.
*) 8.33KHz are only applicable outside USA and Canada
1.1 Versions TR-810 units
The TR-810 is delivered in three versions:

Area of use
Delivered with:
Hand microphone
Desk top bracket
Antenna with cable
Antenna adapter
Technical manual
External Power supply 230/110VAC, 12-24VDC
Table 1.1, Versions of TR-810

TR-810 M
Mobile

TR-810 MD
Desktop

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

1.2 TR-810 VHF AM transceiver unit


This manual covers the TR-810 transceiver unit.

Figure 1.2 Complete transceiver, TR-810

84096_TM_TR810_C

1-1

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
TR-810

Standards
Environmental, all units
Temperature range
Humidity
Shock
Vibration
EMC

General, all units

-20C to +55C (operating) -40C to +70C (storage)


90% @+40C (non condensing)
Transport: IEC-721-3-2, Class 2M3
Transport: IEC-68-2-32, Class 2M3. IEC-68-2-6
EN 301 489 part 22

AM 25 kHz

AM 8.33 kHz*

Frequency range
RF Modes
Keying time
Bit rate
Frequency response
Data ports

118-137 MHz (118-156 MHz optional)


6K80A3EJN
5K00A3EJN
< 50.0ms
< 50.0ms

BITE monitoring

VSWR, Voltages, Currents, Levels, Lock detect,


Temperature, Output power, Reflected power, a.o.

Supply voltage, DC
MTBF
MTTR

10 - 28VDC negative ground +/- 10%


>10 years / unit
<30 minutes at lowest replaceable unit

Transceiver
Sensitivity analogue @1V / 30% pd
Sensitivity VDL data @2V pd input
Adjacent channel rejection
Intermodulation (3 signal)
IF bandwidth
Image and IF frequency response
Squelch operation

Audio AGC
Noise blanker
Signal / Noise
AGC range
AGC attach time
AGC decay time
Differential group delay
Inband squelch signal
Line output
Harmonic distortion
Crossmodulation
Blocking
Dynamic range
Spurious response rejection
Weight
Dimension Transceiver unit

300-3400 Hz
RS232 for service only

AM 25 kHz

350-2500 Hz

AM 8.33 kHz*

10dB SINAD (CCITT)


>70dB
>60dB
>70 dBc
+/- 2.8 kHz
+/- 11kHz
>110 dB
Adjustable -107dBm, 30dB
S/N + carrier override
Activation time <20ms
Hysteresis <3dB
30% - 90%, <1dB variation
IF: Automatic
>45dB on any output @100V, 30%
-107dBm to +5dBm
<50ms
<200ms

600, -7dBm @90% modulation


<3% @90% AM (line output)
>85dB @ 100 kHz frequency offset
>100dB @1MHz offset, >110 dB out of band signals
>110dB
>90dB
TBD
184mm (W) * 241mm(D) * 72,8mm (H)

*) 8.33KHz are only applicable outside USA and Canada

84096_TM_TR810_C

2-1

3
3.1

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
TR-810 Front panel controls

Figure 3.1 Front view, TR-810


1:

SK (Select Knob)
For moving through menus and adjusting selected value up or down.

2:

SB (Select Buttons)
For selection of functions

3:

Graphical LCD Display


Shows operating frequency, bite information and various menu settings. The LCD
display has backlight for operation in the dark.

4:

Loadspeaker

5:

Microphone connector Front


Microphone Connector Front
Name
MIC. INPUT
MIC. GND
Headset
RS232
RS232
KEY
+12VDC
GND

84096_TM_TR810_C

PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Purpose

RS232 TD
RS232 RD
Grounding this pin will key the transmitter
+12 VDC to external equipment (10mA)
Common ground

3-1

6:

Power ON/OFF
Turns the TR-810 ON or OFF. To turn power OFF, the button has to be pushed for
more than 1 seconds to prevent unwanted shutdown.

7:

Channel keys
For selection of pre-stored channels

3.2

Transceiver rear connections.


1

Figure 3.2, Rear view, TR-810


1:

MIC connector
Rear mic. Connector

Name
MIC. INPUT
MIC. GND
Headset
NC
NC
KEY
+12VDC
GND

PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Purpose

Not in use
Not in use
Grounding this pin will key the transmitter
+12 VDC to external equipment (10mA)
Common ground

84096_TM_TR810_C

3-2

2:

I/O Connector
I/O Connector

Name
EX-SPEAKER
EX-SPEAKER
MONITOR
LOW POWER
NC
MUTE
+12VDC
GND

PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Purpose
To external speaker.
To external speaker.
To tape recorder etc.
Grounding this pin will force the transmitter to low power (Gas alarm)
Not in use
Used to mute external equipment. Triggered by squelch
+12 VDC to external equipment (10mA)
Common ground

3:

ANTENNA CONNECTOR
BNC-type antenna input.
Connected directly to an external antenna.

4:

DC INPUT CABLE
The DC Cable is connected to the external DC supply (+10V to + 28V 10%).
Red wire is the positive connection and Black wire is the negative.

84096_TM_TR810_C

3-3

INSTALLATION

4.1 Car installation


The front module can be disconnected from the radio module, and mounted separately
in a position close to the operator.
The two modules are connected with a special CAT6 cable, to be ordered separately.
-

Screw up the radio module using the bracket.


Screw up the front module and connect the front module to the radio module.
Connect the power leads directly to the car battery, using fuses on both leads. The
RED lead is the positive (+).
Connect the antenna to the BNC connector at the back plate of the TR-810.
Connect the microphone to the front module.

4.1.1 TR-810 Mobile

Figure 4.1.1, Parts included in TR-810 Mobile

TR-810 M standard delivery:


Hand microphone
Desk top bracket
Antenna with cable
Technical manual

Mobile:

Table 4.1.1, Parts included in TR-810 Mobile

84096_TM_TR810_C

4-1

4.2 TR-810 Desktop installation


The TR-810 can be mounted on a desk as a desktop device.
-

Screw up the radio unit using the bracket.


Connect the power leads directly to a AC adaptor or to external DC supply
(+10V to + 28V 10% DC voltage). The RED lead is the positive (+).
Connect an external antenna to the BNC connector at the back plate of the TR-810.
Connect the microphone to the front module. It is recommended to use a microphone
with shielded wire for this application.

Figure 4.2, Parts included in TR-810 Desktop

TR-810 MD standard delivery:


Hand microphone
Desk top bracket
Technical manual
External Power supply 230/110VAC, 12-24VDC

Desktop:

Table 4.2, Parts included in TR-810 Desktop

84096_TM_TR810_C

4-2

4.2.1 External antenna


The antenna should be of good quality with regards to gain and VSWR to obtain maximum
performance. Make sure that the VSWR on the antenna is low, and that the cable from the
transceiver to the antenna is of good quality to avoid mismatch problems.
In areas were thunderstorms and lightning is a problem, surge arrestors should be mounted
between the antenna connector and the antenna cable. The arrestors must be of good quality
and be capable of handling the output power of the transmitter.
The antenna input of the transceiver is the BNC-type antenna connector on the back of the
transceiver.

84096_TM_TR810_C

4-3

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

5.1 Introduction
When the transceiver is switched ON, the display will show the operating frequency with 6
digits according to the ICAO standard.

126.100
For the 8.33 kHz* and 25kHz -bandwidth, the frequency will be shown:
DISPLAY SHOWING:
127.000
127.005
127.010
127.015
127.025

ACTUAL FREQUENCY:
127.0000MHz
127.0000 MHz
127.0833 MHz
127.1666 MHz
127.0250 MHz

CHANNEL SPACING:
25 kHz
8.33 kHz*
8.33 kHz*
8.33 kHz*
25 kHz

Table 5.1, Display of frequency


*) 8.33KHz are only applicable outside USA and Canada

84096_TM_TR810_C

5-1

5.2 Menu system


The radio is controlled through an advanced menu system.
There are four types of menus.
The access for the Setup menu is restricted by an access code. The System Operator can
change the access code from the menu.

5.3 Function buttons


To manoeuvre inside and between menus, use the SK knob and SB buttons.
The SB buttons will change functionality depending of selected menu.
The SK knob can be pushed and turned to select and confirm selection.

SK

SB1

Note that SK knob can


be pushed and turned.

SB2
ON/SB3/OFF

5.4

Starting menu

An operator can select channels, set volume, set squelsh threshold and brightness.
Turning SK from the Starting menu will automatically initiate loudspeaker Volume setting.

84096_TM_TR810_C

5-2

5.5

Menu Tree
Ch

To get pre-programmed channels from a list.

Sq

To adjust Squelsh threshold.

MM

To access Main Menu.

Main menu
Brightness

Ok
Turn SK to adjust. OK to return.

Bite

Ok

Version

Ok

Setup

List of voltages, currents and


other parameters inside the radio

Setup

Restricted access

Menu timeout
Autosave
Mic Rear
Noise Blank
Audio AGC
Tx Power
Time Out

84096_TM_TR810_C

Channel Setup

To define a channel with name and


frequency.

Channel Show

Select which defined channels to show.

Audio

Select Audio levels, Internal and/or


External Mute and External track.

5-3

5.6

Main menu

Press MM button to enter Main menu


X

One step back.

Ok Accept present selection.


Turn OFF radio. (From Main Menu).

5.6.1 Setup menu


From the Main menu, select Setup menu

Push and turn SK to input password.

Turn SK

Ok

Turn SK to adjust.
OK to return.

Turn SK

Ok

Ok to activate

Turn SK
Ok

84096_TM_TR810_C

Ok to activate

5-4

Ok

Ok to activate

Ok

Ok to activate

Ok

Turn SK to adjust.
OK to return.

Ok

Turn SK to adjust.
OK to return.

Ok

Ok to select

Turn SK

Turn SK

Turn SK

Turn SK

Push and turn SK to


adjust. OK to return.

Turn SK

Ok

84096_TM_TR810_C

Ok to select

5-5

Turn SK to adjust.
OK to return.
Ok

Ok

Turn SK to adjust.
OK to return.

Turn SK

Ok

Turn SK

Ok

Turn SK

Turn SK

Ok

Turn SK

Ok

Turn SK

Ok

Push and turn SK to input password. OK to activate.

Ok

84096_TM_TR810_C

5-6

6 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION TR-810


Please see Maintenance and Repair Manual for more detailed technical description,
schematics and parts lists.
6.1 Introduction
The TR-810 transceiver unit consists of three modules:

Software module
Front module
Transceiver module
82767
TR-810
TRANSCEIVER
UNIT

82771
SW
MODULE

82768
FRONT
MODULE

82769
TRANSCEIVER
MODULE

Figure 6.1 Float diagram TR-810


6.2 Software module
The Software module contains all necessary software to make the TR-810 transceiver unit
functional.
6.3 Transceiver module (82769)
This module contains the Transceiver board with receiver and RF input filter, LNA (Low
Noise Amplifier), mixers, IF filters, IF amplifiers, demodulator and audio circuits for the
transmitter and receiver sections. The RF PA stage with LP-filter and directional coupler is
also situated on the transceiver board. The Transceiver board also contains DC/DC power
supply and power control circuits. In addition the board contains the micro controller who
controls the RX and TX synthesisers, BITE and remote interface to front unit.
6.4 Front module (82768)
This module contains the Front board and the Encoder board.

84096_TM_TR810_C

6-1

MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING

7.1 Environmental check


Once a year:
1. Turn OFF the unit.
2. Disconnect all plugs.
3. Clean all metal surfaces with a cloth soaked in a mixture of ordinary dish-detergent
and water.
4. Clean the knobs and connectors.
5. Clean the loudspeaker cover.
6. Connect all plugs.
7. Turn ON the unit.

7.2

BITE measurements

MEASUREMENT:
Temp PA
Fwd Power
Refl. Power
Input voltage
12 Volt
5 Volt
5 Volt REF
3 Volt
Current
IF Current
LNA Current
RSSI
Modulation

NORMAL:

MIN:
-20 C

1W-2.5W-5W-8W-10W 1W
Depends on the antenna, 0
cable and forward power
10 VDC
12VDC
10 VDC
5 VDC
4.3 VDC
5 VDC
4.3 VDC
3 VDC
2.7 VDC
0.4 A in receive
40 mA
20 mA
24.5 mA
10 mA
1.1 V at 1 uV
0%

MAX:
+95 C
10W
The level of
forward power
28 VDC
14 VDC
5.6 VDC
5.6 VDC
3.3 VDC
5A
60mA
30 mA
100 %

al Min Max

Table 7.2 BITE measurements

84096_TM_TR810_C

7-1

7.3

TR-810 Troubleshooting based on BITE alarm conditions.

General

test equipment needed for measurements: Oscilloscope and Multimeter.

Alarm 3V
The +3V is out of range. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board, and measure test
point TP_+3V.
Possible faults: Regulator IC141 or some of its surrounding components.

Alarm 5V
The +5V is out of range. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board, and measure test
point TP_+5V.
Possible faults: Step down converter IC143 or some of its surrounding
components.

Alarm 5V REF
The +5V_REF is out of range. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board, and
measure test point TP+5V_REF.
Possible faults: Regulator IC126 or some of its surrounding components.

Alarm 12V
The +12V is out of range. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board, and measure
test point TP_+12V.
Possible faults in: Power supply.

Alarm Cur
The current consumption in the transceiver is too high (above 5A). Check X82770 Transceiver Board.
Possible faults: +12V shorted to GND, defective output stage etc.

Alarm SWR
Reflected power exceeds threshold.
Possible faults: Defective antenna, antenna cable, cavity filter out of tune etc.

Alarm SynthTx
Transmitter synthesizer is out of lock. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board,
TX Synth & VCO.
Possible faults: Defective synthesizer circuit IC127, oscillator Q126 or any
surrounding components. Check critical soldering points.

Alarm SynthRx
Receiver synthesizer is out of lock. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board,

84096_TM_TR810_C

7-2

RX Dual synth & VCO. Possible faults: Defective synthesizer circuit IC137,
oscillators Q131/Q142 or any surrounding components. Check critical
soldering points.

Alarm Pwr
Transmitted output power is below 0.2W. Check X-82770 Transceiver Board,
PA stage.
Possible faults: Defective output amplifier or some of its surrounding
components.

Alarm LNA
The current consumption in LNA is out of range. Check X-82770 Transceiver
Board, Front ended.
Possible faults: Transistor Q148 and its surrounding components.

Alarm IF
The current consumption in the 1 IF circuit is out of range.
Check X-99205 Main Board, 1 IF mixer.
Possible faults: Q143 or some of its surrounding components.

Alarm Temp Pa
Internal temperature of the RF Module is out of range (above 85C).
Check X-82770 Transceiver Board, PA stage.
Possible faults: IC140 or some of its surrounding components.

7.4 Tuning of LO frequency


The LO frequency is checked by checking the receiver offset with an appropriate radio test
set, and adjusted if necessary on the front panel.

84096_TM_TR810_C

7-3

APPENDIX

84096_TM_TR810_C

8-1

84096_TM_TR810_C

8-2