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HEAT

TRANSFER
CONVECTION
Question

In the equation Q = UAt; t is

geometric mean temperature difference.

arithmetic mean temperature difference.

logarithmic mean temperature difference.

difference of average bulk temperatures of hot and cold fluids.

Answer

Marks

Question

The Convective heat transfer coefficient in case of fluid flowing in the tubes is
not affected by the tube length/diameter ratio, if the flow is in the __________
zone.

Laminar

transition

both 'a' & 'b'

highly turbulent

Answer

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Question

The unit of heat transfer co-efficient in SI unit is

J/m2K

W/m2K

W/mK

J/mK

Answer

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Question

Controlling heat transfer film co-efficient is the one, which offers __________
resistance to the heat transfer.

No

The least

The largest

lower

Answer

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Question

Bulk of the convective heat transfer resistance from a hot tube surface to the
fluid flowing in it, is

in the central core of the fluid.

uniformly distributed throughout the fluid.

mainly confined to a thin film of fluid near the surface

none of these

Answer

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Question

The Nusselt number for fully developed (both thermally and


hydrodynamically) laminar flow through a circular pipe, where the wall heat
flux is constant, is

2.36

4.36

120.36

Depends on Reynolds number only

Answer

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Question

For flow over a flat plate, the ratio of thermal boundary layer thickness, t' to
hydrodynamic boundary layer thickness '' is proportional to (where, NPr =
Prandtl number)

NPr

NPr1/3

NPr-1

NPr-1/3

Answer

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Question

In forced convection, the heat transfer depends on

Re, Pr

Re, Gr

mainly Gr

Re only

Answer

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Question

If average heat transfer co-efficient is ha and the local coefficient at the end of
the plate is hl then in case of heat transfer to a fluid flowing over a flat plate,
heated over its entire length

ha= hl

ha= 2hl

ha= 0.5hl

ha= 0.75hl

Answer

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Question

Value of Prandtl number for water ranges from

l to 2

5 to 10

100 to 500

1000 to 2000

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer in the laminar sublayer in case of a liquid flowing through a


pipe, is mostly by

eddies current

conduction

Convection

none of these

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer co-efficient (h1) for liquids increases with

increasing temperature.

decreasing temperature

decreasing Reynolds number

none of these

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer occurs by natural convection because change in temperature


causes difference in

viscosity

density

thermal conductivity

heat capacity

Answer

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Question

The ratio of kinematic viscosity to thermal diffusivity is called the


__________ number.

Peclet

Prandtl

Stanton

Nusselt

Answer

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Question

What is Nusselt number?

Cp /k

hD/k

K /Cp

None of these

Answer

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Question

Convective heat transfer, in which heat is transferred by movement of warmed


matter is described by

Fourier's law

Newton's law of cooling

Fick's law

none of these

Answer

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Question

The Grashof number is defined as the ratio of the

buoyancy to inertial forces

buoyancy to viscous forces

inertial to viscous forces

buoyancy to surface tension forces

Answer

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Question

When warm and cold liquids are mixed, the heat transfer is mainly by

Conduction

convection

Radiation

both(a) & (c)

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer by natural convection is enhanced in system with

high viscosity

high co-efficient of thermal expansion

low temperature gradients

low density change with temperature

Answer

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Question

In forced convection, the Nusselt number is a function of

Re and Pr

Re and Gr

Pr and Gr

Re and Sc

Answer

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Question

Prandtl number is the ratio of

momentum diffusivity to mass diffusivity.

momentum diffusivity to thermal diffusivity.

thermal diffusivity to mass diffusivity.

thermal diffusivity to momentum diffusivity.

Answer

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Question

Thermal Diffusivity is given by

K / (Cp. )

Cp./ k

/ Cp

.Cp / k

Answer

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Question

At what value of Prandtl number, the hydrodynamic and thermal boundary


layers are identical ?

0.5

1.5

10

Answer

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Question

Natural convection is characterised by

Grashof number

Peclet number

Reynolds number

Stanton number

Answer

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Question

Nusselt number for full developed, laminar, constant property flow in a pipe at
uniform heat flux is

0.72

4.36

18

83

Answer

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Question

Thickness of thermal boundary layer is more compared to that of


hydrodynamic boundary layer, when the value of Prandtl number is

<1

>1

>5

Answer

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Question

Overall heat transfer co-efficient of a particular tube is U1. If the same tube
with some dirt deposited on either side has coefficient U2, then

U1 = U2

U2 >U1

U1 > U2

U1 = dirt factor - U2

Answer

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Question

Which of the following has the lowest Prandtl number?

Molten sodium (a coolant used in fast breeder reactor)

Water

Transformer oil

Dilute H2SO4

Answer

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Question

In SI units, fouling factor is expressed in

m2K/W

W/m2K

m2K/W

mK/W

Answer

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Question

Nusselt number is the ratio of the

temperature gradient of the wall to that across the entire pipe

temperature difference to the temperature gradient at the wall

heat flux at the wall to that across the entire pipe

none of these

Answer

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Question

Fouling factor

is a dimensionless quantity.

does not provide a safety factor for design.

accounts for additional resistances to heat flow.

none of these.

Answer

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Question

With the increase of temperature, the Col-burn jH factor

increases.

decreases.

remains unchanged

may increase or decrease; depending on temperature

Answer

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Question

Dietus-Boelter equation used for the determination of heat transfer co-efficient


is valid

for fluids in laminar flow.

for fluids in tubulent flow.

when Grashof number is very important

for liquid metals.

Answer

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Question

Which of the following forced convection heat transfer equation accounts for
the liquid viscosity effect for viscous liquids?

Dittus-Boelter equation

Sieder-Tate equation

Nusselt equation

None of these

Answer

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Question

A fluid is flowing inside the inner tube of a double pipe heat exchanger with
diameter 'd'. For a fixed mass flow rate, the tube side heat transfer co-efficient
for turbulent flow conditions is proportional to

d0.8

d-0.2

d-1

d-1.8

Answer

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Question

The Dietus-Boelter equation for convective heat transfer can not be used for,

low Reynold's number

very low Grashoff number

molten metals

all (a), (b) and (c)

Answer

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Question

Dietus-Boelter equation cannot be used for molten metals mainly due to its
very low

Prandtl number

Grashoff number

thermal conductivity

viscosity

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer by natural convection is enhanced in system with

high viscosity.

high co-efficient of thermal expansion.

low temperature gradients

low density change with temperature.

Answer

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Question

For a laminar flow of fluid in a circular tube, 'h1' is the convective heat transfer
co-efficient at velocity 'V1'. If the velocity is reduced by half and assuming the
fluid properties are constant, the new convective heat transfer co-efficient is

1.26 h1

0.794 h1

0.574 h1

1.741 h1

Answer

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Question

Peclet number (Pe) is given by

Pe = Re.Pr

Pe = Re/Pr

Pe = Pr/Re

Pe = Nu.Re

Answer

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Question

(NGr x NPr) is called the __________ number.

Graetz

Rayleigh

Nusselt

Stanton

Answer

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Question

(Re.Pr) .(D/L) is called ---------------- Number.

Peclet

Stanton

Graetz

None of these

Answer

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Question

The Nusselt number for fully developed (both thermally and


hydrodynamically) laminar flow through a circular pipe whose surface
temperature remains constant is

1.66

3.66

dependent on NRe only

Answer

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Question

Prandtl number for most of dry gases is about

0.001

0.72

70

150

Answer

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Question

Which has the lowest Prandtl number ?

Liquid metal

Aqueous solution

Water

Lube oil

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer co-efficient equation for forced convection, Nu = 0.023 Re0.8 .


Prn, is not valid, if the value of

n = 0.4 is used for heating.

n = 0.3 is used for cooling.

Reynolds number for the flow involved is > 10000.

Reynolds number for the flow involved is < 2100.

Answer

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Question

A graph between __________ is called Wilson plot.

B
C

V0.8 Vs . U

D
Answer

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Question

The Grashof Number is defined as

Product of Buoyancy and Inertia forces to (Viscous force)2

Product of Buoyancy and viscous forces to (inertial force) 2

Inertial to viscous forces

Buoyancy to surface tension forces

Answer

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Question

In natural convection heat transfer the correlating parameter is

Reynold number

Bond Number

Grashof Number

Eckert number

Answer

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Question

Match the Overall heat transfer coefficient for given fluids on vessel and
jacket side.
Jacket side Vessel side Overall heat transfer coefficient (W/m2K)
I Steam I Water a. 30 75, b. 5000 6000,
II Water II Polymer monomer c. 285 - 800 d. 850 - 1700

(I) (d), (II) (c)

(I) (c), (II) (d)

(I) (a), (II) (b)

(I) (b), (II) (a)

Answer

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Question

Match the Dimension numbers with terms,


I Graetz Number a. Heat transfer in creeping flow,
II Rayleigh number b. thermally developed flow
c. Product of Grashof and Prandtl no.
d. Product of Reynold and Prandtl number

(I) (a), (II) (d)

(I) (b), (II) (d)

(I) (b), (II) (c)

(I) (d), (II) (c)

Answer

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Question

When a vertical plate is heated in an infinite air environment under natural


convection conditions, the velocity profile in air, normal to the plate,

is linear

is parabolic

exhibits minimum

exhibits maximum

Answer

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Question

When the ratio of Grashof number to the square root of the Reynolds number is one,
the dominant mechanism of heat transfer is

free convection

forced convection

mixed convection (both free and forced)

None of these

Answer

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Question

The Hydrodynamic and Boundary layers will merge when

Prandtl Number is one

Schmidt Number tends to infinity

Nusselt Number tends to infinity

None of these.

Answer

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Question

Rayleigh Number is associated

Buoyancy effects

free convection

forced convection

Heat Conduction

Answer

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Question

Gibbs phase Rule finds application when heat transfer occurs by

Conduction

Convection

Radiation

Condensation

Answer

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Question

When the ratio of Grashof number to the square root of the Reynold number is Ten,
the dominant mechanism of heat transfer is

free convection

forced convection

mixed convection (both free and forced)

None of these

Answer

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Question

Heat Transfer by Natural Convection is enhanced by the system with

high viscosity

high coefficient of thermal expansion

low temperature gradient

none of these

Answer

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Question

Prandtl Number of Liquid Metal is of the order of

0.01

10

100

Answer

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Question

Heat Transfer occurs by Natural convection because change in temperature causes


difference in

Density

Thermal Conductivity

Heat Capacity

none of these

Answer

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Question

In pipe flow, heat is transferred from one fluid through the hot wall to the other fluid
by

free and forced convection

forced convection only

forced convection and conduction

conduction only

Answer

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Question

The Graetz number is concerned with the

mass transfer between a gas and a liquid.

absorption with chemical reaction

heat transfer in turbulent flow

heat transfer in laminar flow.

Answer

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Question

Log mean temperature difference (LMTD) cannot be used, if

heat transfer co-efficient over the entire heat exchanger is not constant.

there exists an unsteady state.

the heat capacity is not constant and there is a phase change.

none of these.

Answer

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Question

The Sieder-Tate correlation for heat transfer in laminar flow in pipe gives,
where, Nu is the Nusselt number and Re is the Reynolds number for the flow.
Assuming that this relation is valid, the heat transfer co-efficient varies with the pipe
diameter (D) as

(D)-1.8

(D)-0.2

(D)0.2

(D) -0.33

Answer

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Question

The Nusselt number for fully developed (both thermally and hydrodynamically)
laminar flow through a circular pipe whose surface temperature remains constant is

1.66

88.66

3.66

dependent on NRe only

Answer

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Question

Match the Dimensionless number with their Expressions


I Stanton Number (a) hD/k (b) h / CpV
II Prandtl Number (c) / Cpk (d) Cp / k

(I) (a), (II) (b)

(I) (a), (II) (d)

(I) (b), (II) (c)

(I) (b), (II) (d)

Answer

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Question

Match the Dimensionless number with the ratio of resistances


I Nusselt Number (a) Convective Resistance / fluid conduction Resistance
II Prandtl Number (b) fluid conduction Resistance / Convective Resistance

(c) Momentum Diffusivity / Thermal Diffusivity


(d) Thermal Diffusivity / Kinematic Diffusivity
A

(I) (a), (II) (c)

(I) (b), (II) (c)

(I) (b), (II) (d)

(I) (a), (II) (d)

Answer

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Question

A high value of thermal Diffusivity of material results from a ....(a). Value of


thermal conductivity and a .(b). Value of thermal heat capacity.

(a) high (b) high

(a) low (b) high

(a) high (b) low

(a) low (b) low

Answer

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Question

Thermal Diffusivity has Unit of

m2 /s

W / m.k

None of these

Answer

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Question

Liquid Metals are used as heat transfer fluid in a nuclear reactor due to . (a)
heat transfer coefficient and (b) heat capacity.

(a) high (b) high

(a) low (b) high

(a) high (b) low

(a) low (b) low

Answer

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Question

Heat transfer coefficients for liquid metals are high due to their high

viscosity

density

thermal conductivity

none of these

Answer

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Question

The Prandtl Number for liquid metals are low due to

high thermal conductivity

high Thermal diffusivity

Both A and B

none of these

Answer

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Question

At the entrance of the pipe in which the fluid is being heated, the heat transfer
coefficient is

zero due to absence of temp gradient

equal to heat transfer coefficient for fully developed turbulent flow

Infinite due to absence of temp gradient

zero due to zero thickness of boundary layer

Answer

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Question

Near the entrance of the pipe in which the fluid is being heated, the temp profile is
not fully developed then the local heat transfer coefficient is

zero

smaller than the heat transfer coefficient for fully developed turbulent flow

Infinite

greater than the heat transfer coefficient for fully developed turbulent flow

Answer

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Question

The thickness of thermal boundary layer in heat transfer to liquid metals is

more than thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer

less than thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer

equal to thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer

zero

Answer

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Question

Which of the dimesionless group is used to compare thermal boundary layer and
hydrodynamic boundary layer formed in heat transfer and fluid flow.

Fourier Number

Biot Number

Prandtl Number

Nusselt Number

Answer

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Question

Within the thermal boundary layer,

temperature is uniform

temperature gradient exists

temperature gradient does not exist

heat flux is zero

Answer

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Question

Peclet Number is defined as

Ratio of Reynold Number to Prandtl Number

Product of Reynold Number and Prandtl Number

Product of Nusselt Number and Prandtl Number

Ratio of Nusselt Number to Prandtl Number

Answer

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Question

In Natural Convection heat transfer, the Nusselt Number is a function of

Reynold Number and Prandtl Number

Grashof Number and Prandtl Number

Schmidt Number and Prandtl Number

None of these

Answer

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Question

The log mean Temperature difference of two temperature differences 1 and 2 is

defined as,
A

(1 - 2) / loge (1 / 2)

(1 / 2) / loge(1 - 2)

(ln1 - ln2) / ln (1 / 2)

(1 + 2) / 2

Answer

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Question

Newtons Law cooling is a special case of

Planck Law

Kirchoff Law

Weins Displacement Law

Stefans- Boltzmanns Law

Answer

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Question

Why is superheated steam not preferred as a heating medium in evaporators

metal tubes cannot withstand high temperature

superheated steam has very low film coefficient

metal tubes cannot withstand high pressure

because of all above three factors

Answer

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Question

Natural Convection is characterized by

Grashof Number and Prandtl Number

Peclet Number

Reynolds Number and Prandtl Number

none of these

Answer

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Question

Colburn Analogy is valid when

0.1< Pr < 10

0.6 < Pr < 1

1 < Pr < 100

1 < Pr < 10

Answer

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Question

What is the value of Reynold number at which transition of the laminar to turbulent
flow occurs for fluid flows over a flat horizontal plate?

5 x 105

2100

4000

Answer

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Question

The hot radiator used for heating a room is a device which transfers the heat by

forced convection

free convection

conduction

all of the above

Answer

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Question

For a practical situation, Gr / Re2 > 10,

forced convection effects dominates

free convection effects dominates

Neither free nor forced convection effects dominates

None of above

Answer

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Question

What is the accepted range of Reynold number for transition region between laminar
and turbulent regions occurs when fluid flows through the tube?

1000 < Re < 5 x 105

2000 < Re < 4000

100 < Re < 1000

0.1 < Re < 50

Answer

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Question

Free convection depends up on all of the following EXCEPT

Density

Coefficient of thermal Expansion

Gravitational force

Velocity

Answer

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Question

The Ratio of fluid Convective Heat flux to the fluid Conductive Heat Flux is called

Grashof Number

Nusselt Number

Prandtl Number

Peclet Number

Answer

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Question

In free Convection, Transition from Laminar to Turbulent region is distinguished by


a critical value of

Product of Reynolds Number and Prandtl Number

Product of Grashof Number and Prandtl Number

Product of Nusselt Number and Prandtl Number

None of these

Answer

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Question

For a practical situation, Gr / Re2 > 10,

forced convection effects dominates

free convection effects dominates

Neither free nor forced convection effects dominates

None of above

Answer

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Question

In heat exchangers, the values of log mean temperature difference should be

minimum possible

maximum possible

zero

any of above

Answer

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Question In Natural Convection, The characteristic dimension of vertical pipe used in the
dimensionless numbers is,
A

Diameter of pipe

Vertical Length of pipe

Perimeter

Area

Answer

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Question Coefficient of thermal Expansion of the fluid in natural convection is related with
A

Absolute Temperature of the fluid

Velocity of the fluid

Both of above

None of A & B

Answer

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Question Higher value of Prandtl Number shows,


A

Rapid heat transfer by forced convection to mutual convection

Rapid diffusion of momentum by viscous force as compared to diffusion of energy

both A & B

Neither A & B

Answer

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Question Product of Reynolds Number and Prandtl Number is,


A

Stanton Number

Peclet Number

Grashof Number

Biot Number

Answer

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Question Stanton Number is the Ratio of Nusselt Number to ,


A

Prandtl Number

Product of Reynolds Number and Prandtl Number

Product of Grashof Number and Prandtl Number

Biot Number

Answer

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Question Thermal Diffusivity of the substance is proportional


A

directly to thermal conductivity

Inversely to Density

Inversely to specific heat

All of above

Answer

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Question Minimum Thermal Diffusivity is of the substance


A

Aluminium

Rubber

Iron

Lead

Answer

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Question Unit of overall heat transfer coefficient is


A

Kcal/ hr. m2

Kcal/ hr. m2. 0C

Kcal/hr

None of these

Answer

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Question The value log mean Temperature difference(LMTD) for counter flow heat exchanger
as compared to the parallel flow heat exchanger is
A

more

less

same

none of these

Answer

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Question Rayleigh Number in Natural convection is the product of


A

Reynolds Number and Prandtl Number

Peclet Number and Grashof Number

Grashof Number and Prandtl Number

Nusselt Number and Prandtl Number

Answer

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Question The Transition from laminar to turbulent regime for heat transfer by Natural
convection in flow of fluid is distinguished by the Number
A

Stanton Number

Rayleigh Number

Prandtl Number

Biot Number

Answer

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Question Unit of thermal Diffusivity is


A

m /hr K

W /mK

m /hr

m2 /hr

Answer

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Question Ratio of Kinematic viscosity to Thermal Diffusivity is called


A

Nusselt Number

Grashof Number

Prandtl Number

Reynolds Number

Answer

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Question In the development of Laminar boundary layer and heat transfer over a flat plate of
length L, The average value of heat transfer coefficient can be obtained from the
local heat transfer coefficient hx at the trailing edge in the direction of flow by the
factor,
A

L
0

d/dx(hx)

L 0L hxdx

none of the above

Answer

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hxdx

Question In the development of Laminar boundary layer and heat transfer over a flat plate, The
average value of heat transfer coefficient can be obtained by multiplying the local
heat transfer coefficient at the trailing edge in the direction of flow by the factor,
A

1.5

0.75

Answer

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Question The ratio of thickness of thermal boundary layer and hydrodynamic boundary layer
is proportional to (Prandtl Number)n, where n is,
A

-1/3

-2/3

-1

Answer

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Question Grashof Number is defined by


A

(gTL3) /2

(gT2L3) /2

(gT2L3 )/2

(gT3L3) /3

Answer

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Question A very low value of Nusselt Number means that


A

Fluid conduction resistance is negligible as compared to surface convective


resistance

surface convective resistance is negligible as compared to fluid conduction resistance

fluid conduction resistance is almost equal to surface convective resistance

none of these

Answer

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Question A water Droplet at 25 0C is suddenly introduced into an infinite gas medium at 100
0
C saturated with water vapor. At steady state,
A

Drop attains WBT and vanishes

drops remains unchanged and attains temperature of 100 0C

drop increases in size and it attains temperature of 100 0C

none of these.

Answer

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Question The overall resistance for heat transfer between the two fluids through barrier of
surface, is the __________ of the resistances to convection and conduction.
A

Average

geometric mean

Product

Sum

Answer

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Question The overall heat transfer coefficient for the heat transfer between the two fluids
through barrier of surface, is__________ to/of the sum of all resistances to
convection and conduction.
A

Equal

Inverse

More than

Less than

Answer

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Question Mode of heat transfer in which the flu moves under the influence of changes in flu

pressure produced by external work is called


A

Radiation

natural convection

forced convection

Conduction

Answer

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Question Mode of heat transfer involved in the cooling of air cooled internal combustion
engine is
A

Conduction

natural convection

forced convection

none of these

Answer

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Question Which of the following has the lowest overall heat transfer co-efficient?
A

Dowtherm

Molten sodium

Water

Air

Answer

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Question Convection heat transfer takes place between a steel plate with surface temperature
(Ts) of 100C and the surrounding air (Ta) at 25C. If the surface area (A) of the
plate is 1 m2 and the convection heat transfer coefficient (h) is 25 W/m2K find the
heat transfer rate to the air.
A

1775W

1875W

1475W

1375W

Answer

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Question Find the heat transfer rate by forced convection between a surface of area (A) 15m
1.5 m and air, if the surface temperature (Ts) is 30C and the air temperature (Ta) is

45C. Assume the average convective heat transfer coefficient (h) to be 8 W/m2K.
A

2.7kW

270kW

2700kW

27kW

Answer

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Question Minimum value of Prandtl Number is of the substance


A

Water

Air

Liquid Metal

Petroleum

Answer

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Question Convective heat transfer co-efficient in case of fluid flowing in tubes is not affected
by the tube length/diameter ratio, if the flow is in the __________ zone.
A

laminar

transition

highly turbulent

None of the above

Answer

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Question The unit of resistance to heat transfer is


A

J/(m2K)

(m2-K)/W

W/(m2-K)

J/sm2K

Answer

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Question Which one of the following statements about baffles in shell and tube heat exchanger
is false? Baffles
A

acts as support to the tube bundle

reduce the pressure drop on shell side

alter the shell side flow pattern

help in increasing the heat transfer coefficient on shell side

Answer

Marks

Question Sieder Tate correction Factor takes into account the variation in
A

Pressure

Viscosity

specific heat

velocity

Answer

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Question

Which of the following statements about the Dittus- Boelter equation is/are not true

It is applicable for turbulent flow in pipe

Nusselt number is a function of Reynolds number and Prandtl number

Neither A nor B

Both A & B

Answer

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Question

Hydraulic or equivalent diameter of non circular conduit can be determined by

(4 x Wetted perimeter)/ cross sectional area

(4 x cross sectional area)/ Wetted perimeter

(cross sectional area)/ Wetted perimeter

none of these

Answer

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Question

Hydraulic or equivalent diameter of annulus of two concentric pipe can be


determined, if
Do = OD of inner pipe
Di = ID of outer pipe

( D02- Di2) / Di

Di / ( D02- Di2)

( D0- Di)/ Di

None of these

Answer

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Question

If Overall heat transfer coefficient for the convective heat transfer without phase
change is U1 and Overall heat transfer coefficient for the convective heat transfer
with phase change is U2 with keeping other parameters same for same system, then

U1 = U2

U2 > U1

U1 > U2

U1 = dirt factor - U2

Answer

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Question

Inside Convective Heat transfer coefficient h1 for the fluid flows through straight
tube as compared to Inside Convective Heat transfer coefficient h2 for the same fluid
through the helical tube of same dimensions, under the same condition is

h1 > h2

h1 < h2

h1 = h2

None of these

Answer

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Question

Inside Convective Heat transfer coefficient for fully developed flow of fluid in
smooth tubes can be determined by

Sieder Tate Correlation

Dittus Boelter correlation

Nusselt Equation

Prandtl Equation

Answer

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Question

In Dietus-Boelter equation used for the turbulent flow through the pipe, heat transfer
co-efficient is proportional to

(Reynolds Number)0.2

(Reynolds Number)0.8

(Reynolds Number)0.33

(Reynolds Number)0.5

Answer

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Question

In Dietus-Boelter equation used for the heating of turbulent flow through the pipe,
heat transfer co-efficient is proportional to

(Prandtl Number)0.3

(Prandtl Number)0.4

(Prandtl Number)0.8

(Prandtl Number)0.5

Answer

Marks

Question

In Dietus-Boelter equation used for the cooling of turbulent flow through the pipe,
heat transfer co-efficient is proportional to

(Prandtl Number)0.3

(Prandtl Number)0.4

(Prandtl Number)0.8

(Prandtl Number)0.5

Answer

Marks

Question

For a turbulent flow of fluid in a circular tube, h1 is convective heat transfer


coefficient at velocity v1. If the velocity is reduced to half and assuming that fluid
properties are constant the new convective heat transfer coefficient is

1.26 h1

0.794h1

0.574 h1

1.741h1

Answer

Marks

Question

For a turbulent flow of fluid in a circular tube, h1 is convective heat transfer


coefficient at velocity v1. If the velocity is doubled and assuming that fluid properties
are constant the new convective heat transfer coefficient is

1.26 h1

0.794h1

0.574 h1

1.741h1

Answer

Marks

Question

For a laminar flow of fluid in a circular tube, 'h1' is the convective heat transfer coefficient at velocity 'V1'. If the velocity is reduced by half and assuming the fluid
properties are constant, the new convective heat transfer co-efficient is

1.26 h1

0.794h1

0.574 h1

1.741h1

Answer

Marks

Question

For turbulent flow in a tube, the heat transfer co-efficient is obtained from the DittusBoelter correlation. If the tube diameter is doubled and the flow rate is halved, then
the heat transfer co-efficient will change by a factor of approximately,

0.5

Answer

Marks

Question

For laminar flow in tube, the heat transfer coefficient is obtained from Sieder Tate
equation. If the tube diameter is halved and the flow rate is doubled, then the heat
transfer coefficient will change by factor,

3.2

1.6

8.2

Answer

Marks

Question

In heat exchangers with steam outside the tubes, a liquid gets heated to 45 0C when
its velocity in the tubes is 2 m/s. If the velocity is reduced to 1 m/s, other things
remaining the same, the temperature of the exit liquid will be

less than 45 0C

equal to 45 0C

greater than 45 0C

initially decreases and remains constant

Answer

Marks

Question

If the baffle spacing in a shell and tube heat exchanger increases, then the Reynolds
number of the shell side fluid

remains unchanged

increases

increases or decreases depends on no. of shell passe4s

decreases

Answer

Marks

Question

If the baffle spacing in a shell and tube heat exchanger decreases, then the Reynolds
number of the shell side fluid

remains unchanged

increases

increases or decreases depends on no. of shell passe4s

decreases

Answer

Marks

Question

If the diameter of the tubes in shell and tube heat exchanger decreases, then the
Reynolds number on the tube side fluid

remains unchanged

increases

increases or decreases depends on no. of shell passe4s

decreases

Answer

Marks

Question

If the diameter of the tubes in shell and tube heat exchanger increases, then the
Reynolds number on the tube side fluid

remains unchanged

increases

increases or decreases depends on no. of shell passe4s

decreases

Answer

Marks

Question

For a laminar flow of fluid in a circular tube, h1 is convective heat transfer


coefficient at velocity v1. If the velocity is reduced to half and assuming that fluid
properties are constant the new convective heat transfer coefficient is

1.26 h1

0.794h1

0.574 h1

1.741h1

Answer

Marks

Question

For Turbulent flow in tube, the heat transfer coefficient is obtained from DittusBoelter equation. If the tube diameter is halved and the mass flow rate is halved, then
the heat transfer coefficient will change by factor,

0.5

6.6

0.66

Answer

Marks

Question

In heat exchanger, floating head is provided to

facilitate cleaning of heat exchanger

increase the heat transfer area

relieves the stresses by thermal expansion

increase log mean temperature gradient

Answer

Marks

Question

Why is superheated steam not preferred as a heating medium in evaporators

metal tubes cannot withstand high temperature

superheated steam has very low film coefficient

metal tubes cannot withstand high pressure

because of all above three factors

Answer

Marks

Question

Which one of the following tube configurations in heat exchangers results in the
maximum heat transfer rate?

Triangular Pitch

Square Pitch

Rectangular Pitch

Rhombus pitch

Answer

Marks

Question

In shell and tube heat exchanger, baffles are provided on the shell side due to

prevent the stagnation of fluid

improve Heat Transfer

Provide the support for tubes

All of these

Answer

Marks

Question

In Sieder- Tate equation used in laminar flow through the pipe, heat transfer coefficient is proportional to

(Prandtl Number)1/3

(Prandtl Number)0.4

(Prandtl Number)0.8

(Prandtl Number)0.5

Answer

Marks

Question

In Sieder- Tate equation used in laminar flow through the pipe, heat transfer coefficient is proportional to

(Reynolds Number)0.5

(Reynolds Number)0.8

(Reynolds Number)2

(Reynolds Number)1/3

Answer

Marks

Question

Film Condensation occurs when

Condensate liquid does not wet the surface

Using surface coatings and vapour additives

Oil and greasy surface

Condensate liquid wets the surface

Answer

Marks

Question

The average heat transfer co-efficient for laminar film condensation on vertical
surface is inversely proportional to (where, T = Temperature drop across
condensate film

(T)2

(T)1/4

(T)3/2

Answer

Marks

Question

Film condensation is promoted on a/an __________ surface.

Oily

coated

clean & smooth

dirty

Answer

Marks

Question

The thickness of condensate layer in filmwise condensation depends on the

condensation rate

surface configuration

liquid flow rate from the surface

all (a), (b) and (c)

Answer

Marks

Question

For condensation of pure vapors, if the heat transfer co-efficients in filmwise and
drop-wise condensation are respectively hf and hd, then

hf = hd

hf >hd

hf< hd

hf could be greater or smaller than hd

Answer

Marks

Question

Dropwise condensation is promoted on a/an __________ surface.

glazed

oily

coated

smooth

Answer

Marks

Question

For condensation of pure vapors, if the heat transfer coefficients in filmwise and
dropwise condensation are respectively hf and hd

hf = hd

hf > hd

hf < hd

hf is smaller or greater than hd

Answer

Marks

Question

A water Droplet at 25 0C is suddenly introduced into an infinite gas medium at 100


0
C saturated with water vapor. At steady state,

Drop attains WBT and vanishes

drops remains unchanged and attains temperature of 100 0C

drop increases in size and it attains temperature of 100 0C

none of these

Answer

Marks

Question

Match each of the processes with Heat Transfer coefficient

Process Heat transfer coefficient (W / m2 0C)


I Dropwise condensation of steam (a) 1700 - 50000
II Boiling Water (b) 50 - 1500
(c) 1 - 5
(d) 30000 - 100000
A

(I) (b), (II) (c)

(I) (a), (II) (b)

(I) (d), (II) (a)

(I) (a), (II) (c)

Answer

Marks

Question

The condensation of binary mixture of vapors at a constant pressure occurs

at constant temperature and yield a condensate of constant composition

over a temperature range and yield a condensate of constant composition

over a temperature range and yield a condensate of variable composition

At a temperature higher than the dew point temperature of vapors mixture

Answer

Marks

Question

Consider the following statements in condensation:


I. Presence of non condensable gases causes vapor molecules to reach condensate
vapor interface by diffusion through vap-gas mixture
II. Presence of non condensable gases creates a mass transfer or diffusional
resistance besides heat transfer resistance for condensation.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I or II

Answer

Marks
Question

Dropwise Condensation usually occurs on

Glazed surface

Smooth Surface

Oily Surface

Coated Surface

Answer

Marks

Question

Filmwise Condensation does not occur when

Condensate wets the surface

Smooth Surface

Oily Surface

Polished Surface

Answer

Marks

Question

Dropwise Condensation does not take place, if

Condensate liquid does not wet the surface

Using surface coatings and vapour additives

Oil and greasy surface

Condensate liquid wets the surface

Answer

Marks

Question

Heat transfer Rate in Dropwise Condensation may be 10 times greater than that in
film condensation because,

film formed offers thermal Resistance to heat flow in film condensation

Surface is continuously exposed to vapors in dropwise condensation

Both A & B

Neither A nor B

Answer

Marks

Question

Dropwise Condensation occurs when

Condensate liquid does not wet the surface

Using surface coatings and vapour additives

Oil and greasy surface

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question Drowise condensation is not promoted on a/an __________ surface.


A

Oily

coated

clean & smooth

dirty

Answer

Marks

Question Consider the following statements in condensation:


I. Presence of non condensable gases causes vapor molecules to reach condensate
vapor interface by diffusion through vap-gas mixture
II. Presence of non condensable gases does not create a mass transfer or diffusional
resistance besides heat transfer resistance for condensation.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
A

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I or II

Answer

Marks

Question Consider the following statements in condensation:


I. Presence of non condensable gases does not cause vapor molecules to reach
condensate vapor interface by diffusion through vap-gas mixture
II. Presence of non condensable gases does not create a mass transfer or diffusional
resistance besides heat transfer resistance for condensation.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I or II

Answer

Marks

Question Dropwise condensation is not promoted on a/an __________ surface.


A

Oily

coated

clean & smooth

dirty

Answer

Marks

Question

Dropwise condensation is promoted on a/an __________ surface.

Oily

coated

dirty

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

In the processe of Boiling of water, the Heat Transfer coefficient (W / m2 0C) is in the
range of

1700 - 50000

50 - 1500

1-5

30000 - 100000

Answer

Marks

Question

In the processe of Dropwise condensation of steam,the Heat Transfer coefficient (W /


m2 0C) is in the range of

1700 - 50000

50 - 1500

1-5

30000 - 100000

Answer

Marks

Question Consider the following statements in condensation:


I. Heat transfer coefficient in filmwise condensation is always less than Dropwise
condensation.
II. Presence of non condensable gases does not create a mass transfer or diffusional
resistance besides heat transfer resistance for condensation.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
A

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I or II

Answer

Marks

Question Consider the following statements in condensation:


I. filmwise condensation is always preferred over Dropwise condensation.
II. filmwise condensation occurs on the oily/ coated surface.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
A

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I or II

Answer

Marks

Question Average heat transfer coefficient for condensation of vapors is directly proportional
to __________ power of Thermal conductivity of the film of the fluid.
A

1/4

3/4

1/2

Answer

Marks

Question Average heat transfer coefficient for condensation of vapors over a vertical plate is
________ times the local heat transfer coefficient.
A

1/2

3/4

4/3

Answer

Marks

Question Various surface coatings and vapor additive have been used in in attempts to
maintain
A

Filmwise condensation

Dropwise condensation

Both A & B

Neither A& B

Answer

Marks

Question If the condensation of vapors occurs on the horizontal tube, the heat transfer
coefficient is proportional to ( D is diameter of tube)
A

D1/4

D3/4

D-1/4

D-3/4

Answer

Marks

Question The average heat transfer co-efficient for laminar film condensation on vertical
surface is inversely proportional to (where, T = Temperature drop across
condensate film
A

(T)2

(T)1/4

(T)3/2

Answer

Marks

Question Leidenfrost point is a term concerned with the


A

condensation of the saturated vapor on a cold surface.

concentration of a corrosive solution by evaporation.

heat transfer between two highly viscous liquids.

boiling of a liquid on a hot surface.

Answer

Marks

Question

'Burnout heat flux' is a term concerned with the

condensation of the saturated vapor on a cold surface.

concentration of a corrosive solution by evaporation.

heat transfer between two highly viscous liquids.

boiling of a liquid on a hot surface.

Answer

Marks

Question

Heat flux increases with temperature drop beyond the Leiden frost point in the plot
of heat flux vs. temperature excess for a boiling liquid, because

convection becomes important

conduction becomes important

radiation becomes important

sub-cooled boiling occurs

Answer

Marks

Question

Boiling point of a solution according to Duhring's rule is a linear function of the


__________ of water.

boiling point (at the same pressure)

viscosity

density

thermal conductivity

Answer

Marks

Question

In a boiling curve, the peak heat flux is called the __________ point.

Nusselt

Leidenfrost

boiling

burnout

Answer

Marks

Question

As the difference between the wall temperature and the bulk temperature increases,
the boiling heat transfer coefficient

continues to increase

continues to decrease

goes through minimum

goes through a maximum

Answer

Marks

Question

When Bubbles begins to form on the surface, the region of pool Boiling is called as,

Film Boiling

Nucleate boiling

Interface Evaporation

None of these

Answer

Marks

Question

Pool Boiling Curve is the log Graph of

Boiling point versus Heat flux

Heat flux versus Temperature Excess

Heat flux versus Boiling Time

Temperature Excess Versus Time

Answer

Marks

Question

Burnout Flux is a term associated with the

condensation of the saturated vapor on a cold surface.

concentration of a corrosive solution by evaporation

heat transfer between two highly viscous liquids.

boiling of a saturated liquid on a hot surface.

Answer

Marks

Question

If the temperature of the liquid in the boiling is ------------------ the saturation


temperature, the process is called subcooled boiling.

Equal to

More than

Less than

Can not be predicted

Answer

Marks

Question

If the temperature of the liquid in the boiling is ------------------ the saturation


temperature, the process is called saturated or bulk boiling.

Equal to

More than

Less than

Can not be predicted

Answer

Marks

Question

In subcooled or local boiling phenomenon, the liquid is maintained at a temperature

Below the saturation temperature

Above the saturation temperature

Equal to the saturation temperature

Can not be predicted

Answer

Marks

Question

In saturated or bulk boiling phenomenon, the liquid is maintained at a temperature

Below the saturation temperature

Above the saturation temperature

Equal to the saturation temperature

Can not be predicted

Answer

Marks

Question

In boiling the convection currents are responsible for the motion of the fluid near the
surface , the regime is called as,

Interface Evaporation

Bubbling regime

Film boiling

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

Bubbles begin to form on the heated surface and dissipated in the liquid after
breaking away from the surface during the boiling, the said regime is

Interface Evaporation regime

Nucleate boiling regime

Film boiling regime

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

In the pool boiling, the maximum heat flux at which the temperature usually exceeds
the melting point of the wire, is referred to as

Leidenfrost point

Burnout flux

Boiling limit

None of these

Answer

Marks

Question

I. Pool Boiling Curve is the plot of heat flux data against temperature excess.
II. If the temperature of the liquid is below the saturation temperature of the, the
process is called as subcooled or local boiling.
Which sentence/s is/are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I nor II

Answer

Marks

Question

I. In the saturated boiling the bubbles may break away from the surface because of
the buoyancy action and move into the bulk of liquid
II. In the saturated boiling, the heat transfer rate is not influenced by the agitation
caused by the bubbles and vapor transport of energy into the bulk of liquid.
Which sentence/s is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

I. In the saturated boiling the bubbles may break away from the surface because of
the buoyancy action and move into the bulk of liquid
II. In the saturated boiling, the heat transfer rate is influenced by both the agitation
caused by the bubbles and vapor transport of energy into the bulk of liquid.
Which sentence/s is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

Boiling of milk in an open vessel is an example of __________ boiling.

film

sub-cooled

saturated nucleate

none of these

Answer

Marks

Question

Boiling point elevation of an ideal solution

increases rapidly with temperature rise

in independent of pressure

decreases rapidly with temperature rise

None of these

Answer

Marks

Question

According to Duhring's rule, Boiling point of a solution is a linear function of the


__________ of pure water.

boiling point (at the same pressure)

viscosity

density

thermal conductivity

Answer

Marks

Question

The regime of pool boiling in which Leidenfrost point exists, is referred to as

Interface evaporation

Nucleate boiling

Film boiling

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

I. Free convection currents are responsible for the motion of the fluid near the surface
in the regime of interface evaporation.
II. Bubbles are formed so rapidly as they blanket the heating surface to provide the
thermal resistance in the film boiling.
Which sentence/s is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

I. Free convection currents are responsible for the motion of the fluid near the surface
in the regime of interface evaporation.
II. Bubbles are formed so rapidly as they blanket the heating surface to provide the
thermal resistance in the film boiling.
Which sentence/s is/ are false?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

Heat flux increases with temperature drop beyond the Leiden frost point in the plot
of heat flux vs. temperature excess for a boiling liquid, because

convection becomes important

conduction becomes important

radiation becomes important

sub-cooled boiling occurs

Answer

Marks

Question

I. Free convection currents are not responsible for the motion of the fluid near the
surface in the regime of interface evaporation.
II. Bubbles are formed so rapidly as they blanket the heating surface to provide the
thermal resistance in the film boiling.
Which sentence/s is/ are correct?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

I. Free convection currents are responsible for the motion of the fluid near the surface
in the regime of interface evaporation.
II. Bubbles are formed so rapidly as they blanket the heating surface to provide the
thermal resistance in the film boiling.
Which sentence/s is/ are False?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

I. In the saturated boiling the bubbles may break away from the surface because of
the buoyancy action and move into the bulk of liquid
II. In the saturated boiling, the heat transfer rate is influenced by both the agitation
caused by the bubbles and vapor transport of energy into the bulk of liquid.
Which sentence/s is/ are False?

I only

II only

Both I & II

Neither I & II

Answer

Marks

Question

Burnout Flux is a term associated with the

condensation of the saturated vapor on a cold surface.

concentration of a corrosive solution by evaporation

heat transfer between two highly viscous liquids.

boiling of a saturated liquid on a hot surface.

Answer

Marks

Question

In film type condensation over a vertical plate, local heat transfer coefficient is

Inversely proportional to the local film thickness

Directly proportional to the local film thickness

equal to the local film thickness

independent of the local film thickness

Answer

Marks

Question

In sub-cooled boiling,

temperature of the heating surface is less than the boiling point of the liquid.

temperature of the heating surface is more than the boiling point of the liquid.

bubbles from heating surface are absorbed by the mass of the liquid.

very large vapour space is necessary.

Answer

Marks

Question

Nucleate boiling is promoted

on polished surfaces

on rough surfaces

in the absence of agitation

none of these

Answer

Marks

Question

When vaporisation takes place through a blanketing film of gas, the phenomenon is
termed as __________ boiling.

Pool

Nucleate

Transition

Film

Answer

Marks

Question

When vaporisation takes place directly at the heating surface, it is called

film boiling

nucleate boiling

vapour boiling

none of these

Answer

Marks

Question

The bubbles grow to the certain size on the heated surface during boiling, is not
dependent on

Surface tension at vap-liq interface

Temperature

pressure

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

The bubbles grow to the certain size on the heated surface during boiling, is
dependent on

Surface tension at vap-liq interface

Temperature

pressure

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

Bubbles are created by the expansion of the entrapped gas at a small cavity in the
surface during the pool boiling, the boiling regime is said to be,

Interface evaporation

Nucleate boiling

Film boiling

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

During the pool boiling, Radiation is coming into play

Just after the burnout heat flux

Just before the burnout heat flux

Just before the leidenfrost point

Just after the Leidenfrost point

Answer

Marks

Question

The thickness of the film of the condensate formed over a vertical cold plate in
condensation depends up on

Thermal conductivity of the film only

Viscosity of the fluid only

Temperature difference between gas and plate only

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

The thickness of the film of the condensate formed over a vertical cold plate in
condensation is proportional to, (fg is latent heat of condensation)

(fg)1/2

(fg)1/4

( fg)-1/2

(fg)-1/4

Answer

Marks

Question

The thickness of the film of the condensate formed over a vertical cold plate in
condensation is proportional to, (k is thermal conductivity of condensate)

(k)1/2

(k)1/4

(k)-1/2

(k)-1/4

Answer

Marks

Question

The heat transfer coefficient for the condensation over a vertical cold plate is
proportional to, (k is thermal conductivity of condensate)

(k)1/2

(k)3/4

(k)-1/2

(k)-1/4

Answer

Marks

Question

In saturated boiling,

temperature of the liquid is at its saturation temperature only

temperature of the heating surface is more than the boiling point of the liquid only.

Both A & B

Neither A & B

Answer

Marks

Question

The point at which it may be possible to observe the partial nucleate boiling and
unstable film boiling region is referred to as

Leidenfrost point

Burnout heat flux

Interface evaporation

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

For laminar film condensation on horizontal tubes, heat transfer coefficient is


proportional to the following

Density, viscosity of condensate and thermal conductivity of condensate only

Latent heat of condensation and Temperature excess only

Diameter of the tube only

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

On condensation, Mixed vapors yield the condensate as

Liquid of variable composition

Liquid of constant composition

Mixture of vapor and liquid

None of these

Answer

Marks

Question

Design of any heat exchange equipment used for condensation of vapors is done on
the following type of condensation to occur on the surface

Dropwise condensation only

Filmwise condensation only

Both A & B

Neither A nor B

Answer

Marks

Question

Which of the following type of condensation to occur on the surface, is difficult to


achieve and maintain, needs oily and greasy surface,

Dropwise condensation only

Filmwise condensation only

Both A & B

Neither A nor B

Answer

Marks

Question

Which of the following type of condensation to occur on the surface is well


determined and needs clean, smooth surface,

Dropwise condensation only

Filmwise condensation only

Both A & B

Neither A nor B

Answer

Marks

Question

The presence of non condensable gas in the vapors during condensation

Offers the resistance to heat flow

Decreases the rate of condensation

Reduces the heat transfer coefficient

All of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

The bubbles grow to the certain size on the heated surface during boiling, is not

dependent on
A

Surface tension at vap-liq interface

Temperature

pressure

None of the above

Answer

Marks

Question

The average heat transfer coefficient for the condensation over a vertical cold plate is
proportional to, (fg is latent heat of condensation)

(fg)1/2

(fg)1/4

( fg)-1/2

(fg)-1/4

Answer

Marks

Question

The thickness of the film of the condensate formed over a vertical cold plate in
condensation is proportional to, where, ( Tg - Tw) is temperature difference between
cold surface and vapors)

(Tg - Tw)

(Tg - Tw)1/4

(Tg - Tw)-1/2

(Tg - Tw)-1/4

Answer

Marks

Question

The average heat transfer coefficient for the condensation over a vertical cold plate is
proportional to, where, ( Tg - Tw) is temperature difference between cold surface and
vapors)

(Tg - Tw)1/2

(Tg - Tw)1/4

(Tg - Tw)-1/2

(Tg - Tw)-1/4

Answer

Marks

1/2

Question

For the film condensation over a vertical cold plate, the critical value of Reynold
number is,

3200

1800

10000

1000

Answer

Marks

Question

For the film condensation over a vertical cold plate, ripples will develop in the film
at the value of Reynold number as low as is,

100-120

3-4

30-40

150-190

Answer

Marks

Question

The transition Reynolds Number for flow over a flat plate is 5 x 105. What is the
distance from the leading edge at which transition will occur for flow of water with
uniform velocity of 1 m/s and the kinematic viscosity of 0.858 x 10-6 m2/s?

1m

0.43m

43 m

103 m

Answer

Marks

Question

A fluid flows over a flat plate has the following properties:


Dynamic viscosity : 25 x 10-6 kg /ms, Specific heat : 2.0 kJ /Kg K
Thermal Conductivity: 0.05 W /mK
The hydrodynamic boundary layer thickness is measured to be 0.5 mm. The
thickness of thermal boundary layer would be,

1.3 mm

0.023 mm

0.079 mm

0.5 mm

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 293K is flowing over a flat plate at 373 K at a velocity of 3 m/s. The plate is
2m long and 1m wide. if the Prandtl number is 0.69, kinematic viscosity 15 x 10-6
m2/s, then The thickness of thermal boundary layer at a distance 0.4 m from the
leading edge of the plate is,

6.56 mm

7.2 mm

3.6 mm

3.28 mm

Answer

Marks

Question

Hydraulic or Equivalent Diameter(De) of annulus of two concentric pipes with inner


diameter of outer pipe 8cm and outer diameter of inner pipe 4 cm, determined is,

10cm

12cm

14cm

16cm

Answer

Marks

Question

In double pipe heat exchanger, the ID and OD of the pipe are 4 cm and 5 cm
respectively.
The ID of the outer pipe is 10 cm with wall thickness of 1 cm. Then the equivalent
diameter of the annulus for the heat transfer is

4.5cm

7.8cm

10cm

15 cm

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 300K is flowing over a flat plate at 333 K at a velocity of 2 m/s. The plate is
2m long and 1m wide. The average heat transfer coefficient is 12.3 W/m2K. The heat
transferred from the plate is,

81.18 W

811.8W

78.28 W

18.18 W

Answer

Marks

Question

Water at 20 oC and = 1.002 x 10-3 kg/m.s, k= 0.603W/mK,


Cp= 4.183 KJ/kgK, The Prandtl Number for this case would be,

0.695

0.75

6.95

69.5

Answer

Marks

Question

Mercury at 20 oC and = 1520 x 10-6 kg/m.s, k= 0.0081 kW/mK,


Cp= 0.139 kJ/kgK, The Prandtl Number of mercury would be,

2.61

0.0261

26.1

261

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 27oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 2 m/s. Viscosity = 1.85 x 105
kg/m.s, Density = 1.177kg/m3. Boundary layer thickness at a distance of 20 cm
from the leading edge of the plate is,

55.9 mm

5.59 mm

0.0559 mm

0.559 mm

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 27oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 2 m/s. Boundary layer

thickness at a distance of 20 cm from the leading edge of the plate is 5.59 mm and
Prandtl Number of air is 0.70. Then Thermal boundary layer thickness is,
A

6.13mm

4.2 mm

6.9 mm

5.9 mm

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 27oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 2 m/s. Boundary layer
thickness at a distance of 40 cm from the leading edge of the plate is 7.9 mm and
Prandtl Number of air is 0.70. Then Thermal boundary layer thickness is,

6.66 mm

6.86 mm

8.66 mm

7.86 mm

Answer

Marks

Question

A fluid flowing with Reynolds No. 26.26 through the tube 20 mm ID and 5 cm
length. Prandtl No. is 2625, viscosity in the bulk is 0.8 Ns/m2and that at the wall(w)
is 1 Ns/m2, thermal conductivity = 0.384W/m.K. Using Sieder-Tate equation, the
inside heat transfer coefficient is,

520 W/m2K

225 W/m2K

425 W/m2K

825 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

A fluid flowing with Reynolds Number 12198 through the tube 40 mm ID. Prandtl
Number is 42.5 and thermal conductivity = 0.256 W/m.K. If the fluid is being heated,
using Dittus-Boelter equation, the inside heat transfer coefficient would be,

1225 W/m2K

1525 W/m2K

825 W/m2K

425 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

Water at 353K entering and leaves at 309K with a velocity of 3 m/s through the tube
of 16 mm diameter. The tube temperature is 297K. Prandtl No. is 3.09, viscosity =
485 x 10-6 kg/m.s, thermal conductivity = 0.657 W/m.K and density = 984.1 kg/m3,
using Dittus-Boelter equation, the inside heat transfer coefficient would be,

9970 W/m2K

10970 W/m2K

11970 W/m2K

12970 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

Hot water enters the tube side of a counter current shell and tube heat exchanger at
80C and leaves at 50C. Cold oil enters at 20C and leaves at 45oC. The log mean
temperature difference in C is approximately

32

37

45

50

Answer

Marks

Question

Hot oil at 150 oC is used to preheat a cold fluid at 30 oC in a shell and tube heat
exchanger. The exit temperature of the hot oil is 110 oC. Product of Heat capacity
and mass flow rate of each of the streams is same. The heat duty is 2 KW. Under
concurrent flow conditions, the log mean temperature difference is

82.2 oC

72.8 oC

68.32 oC

120.2 oC

Answer

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Question

In counter current Heat Exchanger, cold fluid enters at 30 0C and leaves at 60 0C,
whereas the hot fluid enters at 150 0C and leaves at 110 0C, The log mean
temperature difference for this case is,

100 0C

85 0C

107 0C

35 0C

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 27oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 2 m/s. Boundary layer
thickness at a distance of 40 cm from the leading edge of the plate is 6.5 mm and
Prandtl Number of air is 0.70. Then Thermal boundary layer thickness is,

6.66 mm

6.86 mm

8.66 mm

7.13 mm

Answer

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Question

Water at 27oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 2 m/s and Boundary layer
thickness at a distance of 30 cm from the leading edge of the plate is 9 mm and
Prandtl Number of air is 6.5. Then Thermal boundary layer thickness is,

4.7 mm

7.4 mm

10 mm

7.9 mm

Answer

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Question

Oil at 20oC and 1 atm flows over a flat plate at speed of 1.2 m/s with properties
density 876kg/m3, kinematic viscosity 0.00024 m2/s and thermal conductivity as
0.144 W/moC, Cp specific heat is 1965.75 J/kgoC, Then Prandtl Number is

2910

2870

2120

2139

Answer

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Question

Oil having flow rate 2000 kg/hr at 107 0C is cooled to 30 0C by water which enters at
15 0C and leaves at 80 0C in counter flow heat exchanger. What is its LMTD?

12.4 0C

20.4 0C

24.4 0C

16.4 0C

Answer

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Question

Air at 500 K has kinematic viscosity of 37.9 x 10-6 m2/s and thermal diffusivity of
0.5564x 10-4 m2/s, then Prandtl number is

0.702

0.680

0.860

0.720

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 2m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 2 m
at 407K , Prandtl number 0.7 and thermal conductivity of air is 0.03W/mK,
kinematic viscosity 20.76 x 10-6m2/s, the average heat transfer coefficient would be,

3.9 W/m2K

4.9 W/m2K

5.9 W/m2K

6.9 W/m2K

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 2m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 2 m
at 407K, the average heat transfer coefficient is 3.9 W/m2K, the heat lost from the
plate is 1500W, the width of the plate is

4.69 m

3.69 m

2.69 m

1.69 m

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 2m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 2 m
and unit width at 407K, the average heat transfer coefficient is 3.9 W/m2K, the heat
lost from the plate is,

1200W

1300W

1400W

1500W

Answer

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Question

Air at 300K blows at a free stream velocity of 4 m/s across a 12 mm diameter sphere
maintained at 350 K , the heat transfer coefficient is 97.85 W/m2K, the heat lost from
the sphere is,

1.21 W

2.21 W

3.21 W

4.21 W

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 2m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 2 m
and unit width at 407K with kinematic viscosity 20.76 x 10-6 m2/s, the said fluid is
flowing in

Laminar region

Transition Region

Turbulent region

Fully turbulent

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 35 m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 75
cm at 333K , Prandtl number 0.7 and thermal conductivity of air is 0.03W/mK,
kinematic viscosity 20.76 x 10-6m2/s, the average heat transfer coefficient would be,

79 W/m2K

89 W/m2K

99 W/m2K

109 W/m2K

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 35 m/s over heated rectangular plate of length 75

cm at 333K , Prandtl number 0.7 and thermal conductivity of air is 0.03W/mK,


kinematic viscosity 20.76 x 10-6m2/s, the said fluid is flowing in
A

Laminar region

Transition Region

Turbulent region

None of these

Answer

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Question

Air at 293 K is flowing at velocity 35 m/s over heated rectangular plate of 75 cm x


75cm in dimension maintained at 333K, the average heat transfer coefficient 99
W/m2K, the heat lost from only one side of the plate is,

2227.5 W

1227.5 W

4455 W

3227.5 W

Answer

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Question

Saturated steam at 353 K condenses on outside of horizontal tube of 100 mm O. D.


and length L. The tube wall is maintained at 343 K. When the tube wall is vertical, it
was observed that the rate of condensation was same as the horizontal, then the tube
length required is

2.9 m

29 m

0.29 m

0.029 m

Answer

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Question

In heat exchangers with steam outside the tubes, a liquid gets heated to 45 0C when
its velocity in the tubes is 2 m/s. If the velocity is reduced to 1 m/s, other things
remaining the same, the temperature of the exit liquid will be

less than 45 0C

equal to 45 0C

greater than 45 0C

initially decreases and remains constant

Answer

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Question

1000 kg of liquid at 30 0C in a well stirred vessel has to be heated to 120 0C, using
immersed coils carrying condensing steam at 1500C. the area of the steam coils is 1.2
m2 and overall heat transfer coefficient to the liquid is 1500 W/m2 0C. Assuming
negligible heat loss to the surroundings and specific heat capacity of liquid to be 4 kJ
/ kg 0C, the time taken for the liquid to reach desired temperature will be

15 min

22 min

44 min

51 min

Answer

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Question

The Overall heat transfer coefficient for shell and tube heat exchanger for clean
surface is Uc = 400 W /m2 K. The fouling factor after one year of operation is found
to be hdo = 2000 W /m2 K . the overall heat transfer coefficient at this time is

1200 W /m2 K

894 W /m2 K

333 W /m2 K

287 W /m2 K

Answer

Marks

Question

A horizontal pipe 1ft. (0.3048 m) in diameter is maintained at temperature of 250oC


in a room where ambient air is at 15oC. Product of Grashof Number and Prandtl
Number is 1.571 x 108,
thermal conductivity = 0.03406 W/m.K. Convective heat transfer coefficient is,

3.66 W/m2K

66.36 W/m2K

6.63 W/m2K

36.6 W/m2K

Answer

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Question

Steam at 373 K is condensed over a vertical plate 0.3 x 0.3 m2 maintained at 371 K.
The heat transferv coefficient is 13150 W/m2K, the latent heat of condensation is
2225kJ/kg, The rate of condensation is,

38 kg/hr

3.8 kg/hr

0.38 kg/hr

380 kg/hr

Answer

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Question

A horizontal pipe 1ft. (0.3048 m) in diameter is maintained at temperature of 250oC


in a room where ambient air is at 15oC. Properties are evaluated at mean film
temperature of 405.5K.
thermal conductivity = 0.03406 W/m.K, Kinematic viscosity = 26.54 x 10-6 m2/s,
Grashof Number calculated is,

1.571 x 108

2.29 x 108

15.71 x 108

22.9 x 108

Answer

Marks

Question

Oil having flow rate 2000 kg/hr at 107 0C is cooled to 30 0C by water which enters at
15 0C and leaves at 80 0C in counter flow heat exchanger. The specific heat of oil is
2.51 kJ/kg K. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 1500 W/m2K. What is the heat
transfer area required?

25 m2

3.5 m2

4.5 m2

3 m2

Answer

Marks

Question

Steam is condensed with heat lost 5 kW on the cold surface. If the latent heat of
condensation is 2225 kJ/kg, the mass flow rate of the condensate is,

8 kg/hr

9 kg/hr

10 kg/hr

11.2 kg/hr

Answer

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Question

A straight tube having a diameter of 40 mm carries fluid with velocity of 10 m/s. the
temperature of tube surface is 50 oC and flowing fluid is heated from temp 15 oC to
25 oC. The physical properties of fluid at mean temp Pr. = 0.702, / = 1.006 x 10-6
m2/s, k = 0.599 W/mK
The heat transfer coefficient would be approximately,

9020 W/m2oC

8359 W/m2 oC

3258 W/m2 oC

7680 W/m2 oC

Answer

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Question

Water flowing in a steel pipe of diameter 0.02 m is to be cooled from 40 oC to 30 oC.


The velocity of water in the steel pipe 1.5m/s. The inside surface temp is maintained
at 25 oC.
Viscosity is 7.65 x 10-4, Thermal conductivity = 0.623 W/mK, Density = 995 Kg/m3
and Pr = 5.3
The convective heat transfer coefficient for water is,

6240 W/m2K

5565 W/m2K

3250 W/m2K

7680 W/m2K

Answer

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Question

Saturated vapors at 323 K condensed on the cold surface maintained at 313 K , heat
transfer coefficient is 1000 W/m2K, the heat transfer area is 1m2,and the latent heat
of condensation is 132kJ/kg, the rate of condensation is,

723.7kg/hr

272.7 kg/hr

327.3 kg.hr

100 kg/hr

Answer

Marks

Question

Hot oil at 150 oC is used to preheat a cold fluid from 30 oC to 70 oC in a shell and
tube heat exchanger. The exit temperature of the hot oil is 110 oC. The heat duty is 2

KW. Under counter current flow conditions, overall heat transfer resistance (1/UA)
is,
A

0.04 oC/W

0.4oC/W

0.36 oC/W

0.036 oC/W

Answer

Marks

Question

Hot oil at 150 oC is used to preheat a cold fluid from 30 oC to 70 oC in a shell and
tube heat exchanger. The exit temperature of the hot oil is 110 oC. The heat duty is 2
KW. Under concurrent flow conditions, overall heat transfer resistance (1/UA) is,

0.04 oC/W

0.4oC/W

0.36 oC/W

0.036 oC/W

Answer

Marks

Question

Hot liquid is flowing with the velocity of 2 m/s through a metallic pipe having inner
diameter of 3.5 cm and length of 20 m. The temperature at the inlet of the pipe is 90
o
C.
Data: Density = 950 kg/m3, viscosity = 2.55 x 10-4 kg/ms, thermal conductivity =
0.685 W/moC
Prandtl Number = 1.57, then the convective heat transfer coefficient in KW/m2 oC
would be,

11.2 KW/m2 oC

111.2 KW/m2 oC

22.2 KW/m2 oC

221.2 KW/m2 oC

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at temperature 523 K flows over a flat plate 0.3 m wide and 1m long at velocity
of 8 m/s, if the plate is maintained at 351 K, The average convective heat transfer
coefficient is 3.06W/m2K. The rate of heat flow from one side of the plate only is,

158W

258W

358W

316W

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at temperature 523 K flows over a flat plate 0.3 m wide and 1m long at velocity
of 8 m/s, if the plate is maintained at 351 K, thermal conductivity = 36.4 x 10-3
W/m.K, Kinematic viscosity = 3.9 x 10-4 m2/s, Prandtl number is 0.69, The average
convective heat transfer coefficient would be,

9.06 W/m2K

6.06 W/m2K

3.06 W/m2K

5.06 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 8 kPa and 523 K flows over a flat plate 0.3 m wide and 1.5 m long at velocity
of 8 m/s, if the plate is maintained at 253 K, thermal conductivity = 36.4 x 10-3
W/m.K, Kinematic viscosity = 3.9 x 10-4 m2/s, Prandtl number is 0.69. The average
convective heat transfer coefficient is,

1.5 W/m2K

2.5 W/m2K

3.5 W/m2K

4.5 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 333K is flowing at a velocity of 15 m/s parallel on both sides of the flat square
plate having sides each of 20cm, maintained at 293 K. if the Prandtl number is 0.699,
kinematic viscosity 16.96 x 10-6 m2/s, thermal conductivity of air is 0.0276W/mK.
Then the average heat transfer coefficient is

17.1 W/m2 oC

43.2 W/m2 oC

22.2 W/m2 oC

34.2 W/m2 oC

Answer

Marks

Question

A fluid flowing with velocity 1.14 m/s is heated through the hot tube of 40mm
diameter.
Data: Prandtl number = 42.5, Density = 1070 kg/m3, viscosity= 0.004 Ns/m2 and
thermal conductivity = 0.256 W/mK. Inside heat transfer coefficient for this case is,

122.5 W/m2 K

1225.5 W/m2 K

2250.5 W/m2 K

212.5 W/m2 K

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at 2 atm and 200oC is heated as it flows at velocity of 10 m/s through a tube with
diameter of 2.54 cm. Prandtl no.= 0.681, = 2.57 x 10-5 kg/m.s, k= 0.0386W/mK,
Cp= 1.025 KJ/kgK, = 1.493kg/m3 . The heat transfer coefficient would be

32.65 W/m2K

64.85 W/m2K

46.65 W/m2K

16.35 W/m2K

Answer

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Question

Air at 2 atm and 200oC is heated as it flows at velocity of 10 m/s through a tube with
diameter of 5 cm and 1m length. The tube wall is maintained at a temperature 20oC
above the air temperature. The heat transfer coefficient is 70 W/m2K. Then The heat
flow would be,

22 W

220 W

2220 W

22.5 W

Answer

Marks

Question

A large vertical plate 4 m high and 10 m wide maintained at 60 oC and exposed to


atmospheric air at 10 oC. If the product of Grashof No. and Prandtl No. is 2.62 x
1011, The Nusselt Number will be,

640

460

560

450

Answer

Marks

Question

A large vertical plate 4 m high and 10 m wide maintained at 60 oC and exposed to


atmospheric air at 10 oC. Air properties evaluated at mean film temperature 308 K
are,
k = 0.02685 W/mK, Kinematic viscosity = 16.5 x 10-6 m2/s, = 3.25 x 10-3 K-1, the
Grashof Number calculated for this case is,

2.74 x 1011

3.74 x 1011

4.74 x 1011

1.74 x 1011

Answer

Marks

Question

2 cm diameter horizontal heater is maintained at surface temperature of 38 oC and


submerged in water at 27oC, the product of Grashof and Prandtl Number is 2.18 x
106, thermal conductivity = 0.630W/m.K. Convective heat transfer coefficient is,

462 W/m2K

642 W/m2K

264 W/m2K

426 W/m2K

Answer

Marks

Question

Air at temperature 523 K flows over a flat plate 0.3 m wide and 1m long at velocity
of 8 m/s, if the plate is maintained at 351 K, The average convective heat transfer
coefficient is 3.06W/m2K. The rate of heat flow from both sides of the plate is,

158W

258W

358W

316W

Answer

Marks

Question

Steam at 373K is condensed over a cylindrical surface of diameter 25 mm


maintained at 357 K, heat transfer coefficient is 10864 W/m2K, the rate of heat
transfer per unit length of cylinder is

16.35kW/m

13.65kW/m

12.56kW/m

15.36kW/m

Answer

Marks

Question

Water at 5 atm flows inside the tube of 0.0254 m and 1 m length under the local
boiling conditions where the tube wall temperature maintained is 10oC above the
saturation temperature, the heat transfer coefficient is 3521 W/m2 K. then the heat
transfer is

2180 W

2810 W

1280 W

2018 W

Answer

Marks

Question

A fluid flowing with velocity 1.14 m/s is heated through the hot tube of 40mm
diameter.
Data: Prandtl number = 42.5, Density = 1070 kg/m3, viscosity= 0.004 Ns/m2 and
thermal conductivity = 0.256 W/mK. Inside heat transfer coefficient for this case is,

122.5 W/m2 K

1225.5 W/m2 K

2250.5 W/m2 K

212.5 W/m2 K

Answer

Marks

Question

Steam is condensed with heat lost 10 kW on the cold surface. If the latent heat of
condensation is 2225 kJ/kg, the mass flow rate of the condensate is,

8 kg/hr

9 kg/hr

16 kg/hr

11.2 kg/hr

Answer

Marks