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# Analysis

The materials used in the experiment are the following: two metal tubes (1)
aluminium and (2) copper, meter stick, digital multi-tester, expansion base
set with micro-meter gauge and thermistor, lastly, the steam generator with
rubber tubing.

The set-up of the experiment

During the experiment, unavoidable errors or discrepancies are experienced,
like varying room temperatures affecting the reading of the thermal resistor
giving us inaccurate results. Another problem that we encountered is the
steam generator. The laboratory assistants does not perform the necessary
maintenance required for the device. The water has a foul odor especially
the rag provided.

we found out that they have the same length. The results are tabulated as follows.91ºC 82. The two tubes are aluminium and copper with. we measured the initial length of the two tubes at room temperature. Which is given by the equation. we started to perform the experiment. We can see the expansion because the dial gauge is starting to turn. the tubes are expanding due to the heat applied. We powered the steam generator to produce heat in the form of steam. The steam will come out of a rubber tube inserted at the lid and connected to the tube.18mm 0.5Kohms Initial Temperature 26. Trial 1.79ºC Change in Length 1. This will generate heat. After a few minutes. After measuring. The tubes expanded by a negligible amount which is expected. through heat transfer . .61 Initial Length of Tube Initial Resistance The results obtained in performing the experiment agrees to the theory of thermal expansion which states that the tendency of matter to change in dimensions in response to a change in temperature. Aluminium Tube Trial 2. Copper Tube 700mm 700mm 93.82mm Final Temperature 79. red by the thermistor which The table provided to convert resistance into Celsius is probed by the digital multi-meter and there is a table provided for us to convert the resistance reading of the meter into degrees Celsius.At first.381ºC 25. ▲L = Lo(alpha)∆T which means that the change in length of an object is a factor of the linear coefficient of expansion which is alpha. After measuring the initial length of the aluminium and copper tubes. the initial length and the change in temperature.8Kohms 96.

Conclusion In physics. There are three factors that mainly affect the change in length of a material in thermal expansion. buildings and etc. (2) initial length of the body and (3) the change in the temperature. The expansion of an object must be taken into account when constructing such. In this experiment. Because if there is no allowance for expansion. aluminium has greater change in length than that of the copper. thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to increase in volume or pressure when heated. we can conclude that an object with greater coefficient of linear expansion will most probably have the greater change in length. we found out that this lesson in physics has a great application on the things that surrounds us like roads. some factors may lead in causing error in the experiment. the coefficient of linear expansion is directly proportional to change of length of a material. As a result of the experiment. So therefore. the . Therefore we can conclude that the coefficient of linear expansion is directly proportional to the change in length. These are (1) the coefficient of linear expansion. As said in the previous statement. And also. Based on the results achieved. If these three factors increase. All these three factors are directly proportional to the change in length of the material. the change in length will also increase. railways. we found out that different objects have their own characteristics like their coefficient of linear expansion which is responsible for the rate of expansion of an object when there is a change in temperature.

constructed object may undergo severe stress because there is no room for expansion especially when it is a summer day. .