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UNIVERSIDAD DISTRITAL FRANCISCO JOSE DE CALDAS

INSTITUTO DE LENGUAS DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DISTRITAL ILUD


AUTONOMOUS No.6 INTERMEDIATE 1

READING
I. Read the text and answer the questions 1-10
CARS
Motor cars are the dream that could ultimately become the nightmare of the 21st century.
The machines that once liberated rich people have become essential for millions. They have
also sentenced the present generation to the frustration of never-ending journeys that would
shock the pioneers of Britain's biggest single industry.
Cars have allowed millions to travel enormous distances for business and holidays cheaply and quickly. But the
rapid growth in motoring has condemned us all to neurosis, not only over the time wasted in traffic jams, but also
over pollution. That is why noise, illnesses and destruction caused through pollution, road building, and the
making of cars have made transport a major concern for the millennium.
Britain's motor industry today employs a million people. However, the industry which has shown such brilliant inventiveness over the
century now faces its biggest challenge: to ensure a future of growth without pollution. The problem facing Britain is that millions rely
on the car because there is no viable alternative. After 100 years, what is the future of the car? We have asked the experts; now let
us know what the ordinary motorist thinks.
1.Why do a lot of people use the car nowadays?
A. Because it has liberated millions of people.
B.Because we have the frustration of traffic jams.
C.Because a lot of people work making cars and they
have to sell them.
D.Because it has become a cheap way of travelling
and we don't have an alternative.
E.Because after a century, it is the most reliable
transport for the future.
2.What are the most remarkable features
of Britain's motor industry?
A.It has advantages and disadvantages.
B.It kills people in car crashes.
C.It has no other alternative for the British.
D.It creates pollution and makes people
anxious.
E.It affects people, but other means of transport are
the same.
3.What are the most remarkable features of
Britain's motor industry?
A.It is not a very important industry in that country.
B.A lot of people work there but it may have problems
in the future.
C.It creates pollution and new roads cause the
destruction of forests.

D.It makes cheap and fast cars.


E.It is an important industry because it sells a great
number of cars in Europe.
4.LEXICON.-Find in the text the word which has
the following definition: "Situation in which there
are so many vehicles that they move very slowly
or not at all."
A.traffic
B.traffic jam
C.pollution
D.transport
E.road building
5.LEXICON.-Find one synonym in the text
for INTERMINABLE
A.viable
B.enormous
C.neverending
D.essential
E.majo
6.LEXICON.-Find one synonym in the text for FAST
A.present
B.ultimately
C.enormous
D.wasted
E.quickly
7.LEXICON.-Give one synonym for ORDINARY
A.anormal
B.fat
C.beautiful
D.great
E.sad

8.GRAMMAR.-JOIN the following sentences in an appropriate way (do not use AND). Make changes if
necessary: "The car has allowed millions to travel cheaply and quickly. It causes pollution
and noise."
A.The car has allowed millions to travel cheaply
and quickly but it causes pollution and noise
B.The car has
allowed millions to travel cheaply and quickly and it causes pollution and noise
C.The car has allowed millions to travel cheaply and quickly who it causes pollution and noise
D.The car has allowed millions to travel cheaply and quickly where it causes pollution and noise
E.The car has allowed millions to travel cheaply and quickly because it causes pollution and noise
9.GRAMMAR.-Use the VERBS in brackets correctly: "If we (HAVE) better public transports, many people (NOT
USE) their cars."
A.If we have better public transports, many people didn't use their cars.
B.If we had better public transports, many people would not use their cars.
C.If we had had better public transports, many people would not have their cars.
D.If we didn't have better public transports, many people would use their cars.
E.If we had better public transports, many people have not used their cars.
10.PUT the following sentence into the PASSIVE VOICE: "They have also sentenced
the present generation to the frustration of long journeys."
A.The present generation had been sentenced to the frustration of long journeys.
B.The present generation has been sentenced to the frustration of long journeys.
C.The long journeys have been sentenced by the present generation.

D.The present generation is being sentenced to the frustration of long journeys.


E.The present generation will be sentenced to the frustration of long journeys.
11.GRAMMAR.-JOIN the following sentences with a RELATIVE PRONOUN:
"Britain's motor industry today employs a million people. Britain's motor industry
is one of the best industries in the world."
A.Britain's motor industry, which today employs a million people, is one of the best industries in the world
B.Britain's motor industry today employs a million people that are the best industries in the world.
C.Britain's motor industry today employs a million people and it is one of the best industries in the world.
D.Britain's motor industry, one of the best industries in the world, today employs a million people.
E.Britain's motor industry today employs a million people. Britain's motor industry is one of the best industries in the
world

USE OF ENGLISH

I.Read the following text and choose the correct alternative in each case (- means
that NO word is needed).
I had (1) an/some important business at the weekend and I had to go by plane. It was all a
(2) bit/piece of a disaster. On (3) a / the news before I went, I heard that (4) the / (-) weather was going to
be bad. It was, and (5) the / (-) flight was pretty unpleasant. Then, when I got to the airport, several (6)
pieces of luggage/ luggages were missing with all my notes in them.
When I arrived, I asked at reception for (7) an/some information about local restaurants and decided to
have (8) a/ (-) dinner in the hotel I, had (9) a / (-) chicken which was a big mistake. It was badly
overcooked and the vegetables were as bad. I decided to go up to (10) the / (-) bed quite early.
Unfortunately the bed was awful, like the rest of the (11) furniture/furnitures in my room. I didn't steep well!
Next morning I got up early to wash my (12) hair/hairs, and then I went down to breakfast. I asked for (13)
a / (-) toast and coffee for breakfast. Needless to say the toast was burnt and the coffee was undrinkable. I
decided to just have (14) a/a piece of fruit instead. Finally I arrived at my meeting, but when I got there I
was told it had to be cancelled because the president of the company was ill. It had all been (15) a /(-)
waste of time.

LISTENING
I. Listen to the conversation by clicking on: http://www.esllab.com/camp/camprd1.htm
CAMPING UNDER THE STARS

1. What are they planning on doing in


the morning?
A. fishing
B. mountain biking
C. Hiking
2. According to the weather report, when would it
start raining?
A. in the afternoon
B. at night
C. in the morning

3. What did Paul forget to bring?


A. raincoats
B. umbrellas
C. rain boots
4. Where did Sara leave the playing cards?
A. next to picnic table
B. on picnic table
C. under picnic table
5. What do they finally decide to do?
A. stay at a hotel
B. return home
C. sleep at the campground

nonsense (noun): untrue or


incomprehensible statement or
idea
- Stop talking nonsense and tell
us exactly what happened.

spoil (verb): ruin; frustrate;


block; prevent
- I hope this bad weather doesn't
spoil our picnic this afternoon.
porch (noun): a small area just
outside the front door of homes

where you can sit and relax


- Let's go sit on the porch and
enjoy the cool evening breeze.
head down (phrasal verb): go
down
- I'll head down to the store after
dinner to pick up some milk.

make the best of it (idiom): do


what you can under the
circumstances
- We've had to make the best of it
ever since dad died last year.