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CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
Amixtureofnoblegases[helium(MW4),argon(MW40),krypton(MW83.8),andxenon
(MW131.3)]isatatotalpressureof150kPa,andatemperatureof500K.Themixturehasthe
followingcompositioninmolefraction:0.25helium,0.25argon,0.25krypton.Determine:(a)
Themassfractionofhelium.(b)Theaveragemolecularweightofthemixture.(c)Thetotal
molarconcentration.(d)Themassdensity.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
2)Asolutionofcarbontetrachloride(speciesA,MW=153.84)andcarbondisulfide(speciesB,
MW=76.13)containing13%byweightAistobecontinuouslydistilledatarateof7,400kg/h.
a)Determinethemolefractionofcarbontetrachloride.(b)Determinetheaveragemolecular
weightofthemixture.(c)Calculatethefeedrateinkmol/hr.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
3)Asampleofliquefiednatural,LNG,fromAlaskahasthefollowingmolarcomposition:5.2%
C2H6,1.2%C3H8,0.6%CO2,andtherestCH4.Determine(a)Theaveragemolecularweight
oftheLNGmixture.(b)TheweightfractionofCH4inthemixture.(c)TheLNGisheatedto
385Kand144kPa,andvaporizescompletely.Estimatethedensityofthegasmixtureunder
theseconditions.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
4)Itisdesiredtodry13kg/minofsoapcontinuouslyfrom16%moisturebyweightto9%
moistureinacountercurrentstreamofhotair.Theairentersthedryerattherateof34m3/minat
343K,115kPa,andaninitialwatervaporpartialpressureof1kPa.Thedryeroperatesat
constantpressureandtemperature.(a)Calculatethemoisturecontentoftheenteringair,inkgof
water/kgofdryair.(b)Calculatetheflowrateofdryair.Calculatethe(c)watervaporpartial
pressureand(d)relativehumidityintheoutletair.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
5)Agasstreamflowsatarateof10m3/sat326Kand134kPa.Itconsistsofamixureof42
mole%ammoniainair.Thegasentersthroughthebottomofapackedbedgasabsorber,where
itflowscountercurrenttoastreamofpureliquidwaterthatabsorb91%ofalloftheammonia,
andvirtuallynoair.Theabsorbervesseliscylindricalwithaninternaldiameterof2.3m.(a)
Neglectingtheevaporationofwater,calculatetheammoniamolfractioninthegasleavingthe
absorber.(b)Calculatetheoutletgasmassvelocity(definedasmassflowrateperunitempty
tubecrosssectionalarea.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
6)Agasmixtureatatotalpressureof143kPaand310Kcontains18%H2,31%O2,andthe
restH2Obyvolume.Theabsolutevelocityofeachspeciesare6,4,and10m/s,respectively,
allinthedirectionofthezaxis.Determine(a)themassaveragevelocity,(b)themolaraverage
velocity,(d)themolarfluxofO2,and(c)themassfluxofO2.

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
7)Agasmixtureatatotalpressureof163kPaand328Kcontains10%H2,25%O2,andthe
restH2Obyvolume.Theabsolutevelocityofeachspeciesare5,4,and10m/s,respectively,
allinthedirectionofthezaxis.Determine(a)themassdiffusionfluxofO2and(b)themolar
diffusionfluxofO2

CHE313Yui,Justin

Problemset#1
8)Thecoolingwaterflowratetothecondensersofabigcoalfiredpowerplantis9,400kg/s.
Thewaterentersthecondensersat29Candleavesat45C.Fromthecondensers,thewater
flowstoacoolingtower,whereitiscooleddownbackto29Cbycountercurrentcontactwith
air.Theairentersthecoolingtowerattherateof6,300kg/sofdryair,atadrybulbtemperature
of30Candahumidityof0.014kgofwater/ofdryair.Itleavesthecoolingtowersaturatedwith
watervaporat38C.(a)Calculatethewaterlossesbyevaporationinthecoolingtower.The
pressureinthetowerisassumedtobeconstantat101.3kPa.(b)Toaccountforwaterlossesin
thecoolingtower,partoftheeffluentfromanearbymunicipalwastewatertreatmentplantwill
beusedasmakeupwater.Themakeupwatercontains530mg/Lofdissolvedsolids.Toavoid
foulingofthecondenserheattransfersurfaces,thecirculatingwateristocontainnomore
than2,140mg/Lofdissolvedsolids.Therefore,asmallamountofthecirculatingwatermustbe
deliberatelydiscarded(blowdown).Windagelossesfromthetowerareestimatedat0.3%ofthe
recirculationrate.Estimatethemakeupwaterrequirement.