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1. ..................................................................
1.1. .............................. ....................................
1.2. .................................................................

,
4

1.3. .......................................
1.4. I .......................................................... .................

6
7

2. , ..................................................................
2.1. , - .......................................
2.2. ....................................................................
2.3. I I .............................. .............................................

9
9
13
14

3. ............................................................................................

16

3.1. ........................

17

3.2. ........................
3.3. ....................
3.4. II I........................................

23
27
31

4. ..................................................................................................

36

4.1. ..........................................................
4.2. IV ...........................................................................

37
44

5. ............................................................................................

45

5.1. .....................................................
5.2. V ...........................................................................

40
52

6. ......................................................................
6.1. = + ...........................................................................
6.2. - ..............................................
6.3. V I...........................................................................

55
55
02
55

7.

67

8. .
8.1. ........
8.2. ..................................................................................
8.3. V I I I ........................................................................

71
72

9. .....................................................................................................
9.1. ............................................................
9.2. IX ...........................................................................

87
87
90

10. ......................................................................................................
10.1. ..........................................................
10.2. X ...........................................................................

93
93
96

11. ........ .........................................................................................


11.1. .........................................................
11.2. X I.........................................................................

99
99
100

12.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

103
103
109
112
121
125
130
138
140
146
149
153

..............................................................................................
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, ...........................................................................
.....................
...................................................................................................
..............................................................................................
..............................................................................
........ .....................
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....................................................................................................

78
84

1.

.
1

1.1.

.
,
:
_ 1
~ ~

~~'

1.
, , 6 .
, . : 6 = : , :
) = 3 , 6 = 4 , = 5 ;
) = 7 , 6 = 5 , = 6 ;
) = 8 , 6 = 3 , = 5 .
1 1 (1769-1821),

\
(; 2 , 6, 1 .
:
/

2
( ) : 6 = : ;
) = ;

6
+ 6
) X =
) = - ;
) =
& &

3.

) ;
.

) ;

) ;

/I 4.1

( )2 :3 ;
) 2 : 3 : 4 ;

...
( ('

) 3 : 5 ;

6 )1 :4 ;
) 2 : 5 : 3 .

. :
( ) = /.\ :
5

) = - ;
'
8

) = - 1 ;
'
3

) = 1 - .
5

6 . ()
[| > :
) ^ , = , = ;
) 8 = 7 , 8 = 2 8 ,

= 14;

) = , = 4 , 8 = 9 .
. . 6
7.
> .
= 10 , = 2 = 15 ,
.
8.
(). :
)

= 12 , = 4 , = 8 ;

= 15 , = 3 , = 25 .

9. ) (> 6 , )
. :
) > = 8 , = 20 , = 6 ;
)

> = 2 0 , = , = 4 .

1.

. . 8

10.

. . 10

/ ' ' ():


) = 12 , = , ' = 8 , ' = ;
) = 14 , = , ' = 7 , ' = ;
) = , = 15 , ' = 9 , ' ' = 8 ?

11. .
.
0 1,5

12.

|| .

) = 7 , = 2 1 = 1 0 , .
) = , = = 10 , .
) = 7 , 1V = 2 = 14 , .
) = 2 5 , / = = 4 , 1 .

1.2.

1 1 1 , :

\ , /3 = /? 7 = 7 , : 6 : = :

: 1

:
1 11 ( ~ ^ 1!)
:
(1)
(. = , /3 = /^);
(2) , (. : = 6 : , 7 = 7 ^);
(3) (. :
= : 61 = : \ );
(4)
(. : 61 = : \ , 7 = 71, > 6).
/ = = = .
1
&1
1

13.

) 4 , 5 , 8 , 10 , 12 ;
) , 4 , 9 , 1 5 , 1 8 ?
14. 4 , 3,6 1,6 .
1,6 ( = 1,6 ).
15.. = 20, = 16.
&1 = 21,
= 11,2 . 6 .

1.

16. / = 30 = 45
'^ ,
. .
17. = 18 = 12
32 ,
, . .
18. = 15 , 6 = 12 = 8 .
.
19.
= 25
= 12 , = 8 .
.
20. = 18 , 6 = 16 , = 9 .

.
21.

, :

1 ;
2 ;
3 .
2 2 . = 30 , = 24 ,
= 20 . 1
.
23. = 12 , = 15 , = 18
5! = 60
.
24.

= 4, 6 = 6 = 8 .

= .
25. 2 : 5 : 6 .
\ = . .
26. I
.
) 1

) I
?
)
I 1
27. 8 .
= 9 , = 4 , 8 = = 2 ,
8.
28. = 7 , 6 = 15 = 12 .

26 . ?
29. =
\ / 5
.
.
30. .
.
31. 8 . = 12 ,
8 = 4 = 9 , .
32. 12 : 5. 60 , .
1.3.

, , =
=
= , , > .
:
= -,

2 = ,

2 = .

1.

33.

:
) = 3 , 6 = 4 ;

) = 5 , 6 = 1 2 ;

,
.
34. 6 , , , =
<7 =

. {, 6, , ,, <7} :
) = 25 , = 20 ;

) 6 = 0,8 , / = 0 ,4 8 ;

) = 60 , <7 = 144 ;

) - 32 , 6 = 24 ;

) = 10 , = 26 ;

) = 2 , , = 0,8 ;

) = 0,9 , (/ = 1,6 .

35.
.

36.
= 9 (7 = 16 .
.
. . 35

37.
.
38.

:
) = 7 , 6 = 3 ;

) = 5 , 6 = 4 ;

) = 2 , 6 = 7,5 .

1.4. I
39. =
.
4 , .
40. =
, . ,
, . = = 12 ,
.

41. = 12 6 = 4 .

0 , [).
.
42. = 8 = 4 , = .
.
43. ( = ) .
. = 12
= 8 , .
44. = 12 ,
36 2 ,
. .
45. .
5 52 , >.
= 2 , = = , .
46. .
1 . ,
1 , = 4 = 9 ,
.
47.
.
= 1.
48. = 12 6 = 4 .
.
49. I) = 7 ,
.0(7 = 9 = .
: .
50.
,
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59.
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7 /3.
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80.
N .
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"--

' 4-7 ;) ' ' = 8 , ' = 24 , ' = 18 ; --------

) ' ' = 12 , ' = 10 , ' = 5 ,


' ' 7,
.
, 82.
.
' ' :

| = 15 , ' = 4 , ' = 8 ;
)

= 6 , ' = 1 , ' = 2 .

83. = 40 ' = 45 ' =


21 . :
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0~~'
( ) ' ;
) , ;
) ' .

'

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2-;

84.
, - 4
' 7.
7 7:
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)6 0 .
*
, 8 .

12 :
2..
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8 ^.

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14

30,

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45, 60.

8
= 15 & = 20
45 .
.
89.

, :
\) 5 9 ;

) 7,4 2,6 .

, 90*
.
:

' ' = , ' = 1 , ' = ;

) ' ' = 5 , ' = 4 , ' = 8 ;


) !' = ' = 8 , ' = 7
! '

[ .

\ \ (). :
:
) \ . .. ;
) . .. ; ^
) . . . ; /
) . .. ;
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. . 91

2.3.
92.

II

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93.
12
16 3 = 8 = = = 26 .
8 .
94.
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96.
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97. ,
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100. ,
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8 , .

101 . 8 ,

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102. ) N .
+ - .
)
N .
+ .

3.

1 / 1
( )
()



= 6,
6 .
1 0

= - .
2 = 0, 6 0
, 0
0 = 6 . .
3 = 0, 6 = 0
, 0 0 0 = 0.
.


< 6,

^ 6,

6 .

^ 6,

> 6,

17

3.

3.1.

103. :
< $) 3 = 5;
+ 7 = 2;
( 3)2 2 = 1;
2 - 32 = 4;

) 2 + 4 = 6 ;

2 + 2=1;

) 2 3 = 5;

) 2 + 6 = 4;

7 2 = 5;

) 3 2 = 5;

)1 2 - 2 = - 3 ;

) 22 + 1 = 5;

) 3 2 - 1 = 8 ;

4 - 22 = - 2 ; )6 = 4 - 32;

104. :
( &} 42 5 + 32 = 22;
)

) 112 + 1 2 - 132 = 42;

6 - 82 = 7 2 - 3 0 2 ;

) 7 2 -1 1 2 2 + 4 = 32 + 18+ 2 - 2 .

( ,7
1
+ 1 = - 6;

32

2
7.
5 ~ ~6~
8
) = - 5 ;
)

= 7;

? = 6;
) X

)
)

>. :
X

)
> 2 = 2;
=5;

7
~2 ~~ ~~
3 _ _5
2

2 1
3 ~~ 2

1
001
II

. :

7 =

'

107. ( ):
)

2 + 1= 2;

) 0 - 2 = 1 ;

) 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 ;

/2 = 2 ;

) 2 - 2 = 2 2 - 7 ;

) - = 1 ?
2

108. :
3
2
2
)
) 2 ~ 4 = 5 ; .
4
) 2 2 = 16;

2
2 _

:
) 2 2 = 2 ;

II
(

32
~2 ~
. .
)

18

110. :
) 5 2( + 5) = 20 = 5;
) 2 + 1 = ( + I )2 = 0
,
) 6 = 2 = 1
.
111. :
1

1
) 2 = 0 +
= 2 +
2
2
. ( I )2
) ^
= 0 - 1 = 0;
1
) ( 1)( 4) = 1
1?
112. 2 5 = 13 2 6 = 21.
, ( )?
.
113. (. ):
) 0 = 0 ;
) ( + 1

) 5 + 2 = 7;
114.

) ( - I )2 = 2 - 2 + 1 ;
9

) 2( - 3 ) =

3;

5 ) ^ = 7 .

0 :
) 1 = 2 1 ;

2 = 0 ;

) 1 = ;

[ 1| + | + 1| = 2 .

115. :

);1 = 12;
116. :
. 3 7
13
8.) -- --- ---
}
10
10

) 4 = = /8-,
V2

) % / :

I1

117. 3:
2 5
)
- 1
)
4
5

12.

1-

= 1.

3/

1_
1
3 3 + 2'

- 1 = 2 + 3;

?
( 118-127):
118.)) 3 = (2 - ) = 6 - {2 + 1);

) 9 - (8 - ) = 7 - ( - 6)

) - (15 + 2 - (5 + 11)) = 2 - 8 ;
) 8(2 - ( + 2)) + 18 = 7 - ( - 5(2 - 4));
) - (4 - 5) - 28 = 2 - (5 + ( - (2 - 3))).
119. ) 26 - (20 - (10 - ) - 7) = 30 - ( + 7);
) 2 - 3(2 - 3(2 - 3(2 - 3))) = 1 ;

) - (2 - ( - (4 5))) = 1.
( 120. ) (4 - 3)(3 + 4) - (2 + 1)(6 - 1) = 1;
@1 ( - 10) ( - 1) - ( + 1)(3* - 4 ) = 2;
() (3 - 5)2 + (1 + 12)2 = (13 - 2)2 + 6 ;

' 2( - 1)( + 3) + ( 7) = (5 + ) + 10;


)

,(2 )(3 ) (1 )(5 ) -= 0.

12 1 . ) ( - 2 ) : 2 = (2 - 1) : 3;
) ( + 1) : ( + 3) = ( 3) : ( 2) ;
) (7 + 3) : (7 - 4) = 5( + 1) : (5 ~ 2);
) : ( + 1) = (2 + 1) : (2 - 1).
1 2 2 . ) ( + 3) : (1 ) = - 2 ;
) ( + 7) : (13 - ) = (5 - ) : (5 + ) ;
+7
3
) 0,35 : 0,7 = ;
2'I
3
'
'
X

+ 2

) (2 + 1) : ( + 2) = (6 + 5) : (9 + 8).
. 2 + 12
123. ) = 2 ,5 ;
+ 3
, 2 -3
+1

..
)

-7
6
2 + 5 ~ ~ 7
1
2

) 3 - 2 ~ ~ 2

-4.

20
124, ) -

2 - 5

5 2

= 4;

+ 1
2

2 - 1

, 2 I

1> ^ - = 1 2 ;

+ 2 - ^ - 1 .
5
2
2 3 ?+ 1 - 11
.)/ 5
10
-*

+
125. --- :

0. / ^ ^ >

4 - : (
;(1 ) 4 ( X +
~ >

2( + 3) ^ >

.
2
1
+ ?
> * + 3 1 3
. 2 + 3
5 - 14
+ 1
) - ------------

\ 5
) 6 " 8 (^

10 3 _ 2 ~ 4

^ 1 , 12.
3

+ 1
2

- | - 24 7
4) = 5 ;
, 1
+ 2

1 + 1
1
1+

126. ) ---------- ---------- ----------+ 2 = 0,


)

4 + 2( + 1) _ ^ = 5( - 3) + 2 _ + 43
3
'
4

2
4 + 4
- 1 _ 5 + 1
3
4
_
7

127. ) -

+ 7
)
8

- ~

X- - )

/ + 1
V 2

-1

5 + 7
/ + 1
16
V 4
7

7
,
1-4--- ---------- 1-4
--- 6
1+ 4
2
1 + 5
2
)
-+
12
24
2
'
6

3+
6
1
2
3
= 3.
-+ X)
2
' "
3

-1 \
8

128. = 0 = 0
= 0, :
) ( 1)( + 1) = 0;
) 2( 3)( + 1) = 0;
) ( - 1)( + 2) = 0;

) 4 (3 + 1)( - 3) = 0;

) ( 2)( 1)( + 1) = 0;

) 5( + 1)( 2)( 3) = 0.

3.

21

129. = 0 = 0 / 0 ,

.
)
'
)

:
- 1
----- - = 0 ;
+ 1

2
= 0;
( + 1)( + 2)

= + 1

> ^ = ;
( + 1)( - 2)
=
1
^

) < ^ = 0:
+ 1

0;

( + 2)( 3)( + 5) = ^
( + 2)5

( 130-133):
130. ) (2 - I)2 - ( + I)2 = 0;

) ( - 5)2 - (2 + I)2 = 0;

) ( + 5) 2 - ( - I )2 = 48;

) ( - I )2 - ( + I )2 = 2,5 - ;

) ( + I)2 1 = 2 + 2 ;

) (2 + I )2 = 2 (2 - 1) + 6;

) (2 )2 ( + 2)2 + 26/ = 1.
131. )

0 1 -0 -

( 1)( + 1)
(2 + I )2
1
) ---------,------------------ "---- = 1- ;
12

1
)

1 ;

) ( + 8)2 + ( + )2 = ( + 12)2 + ( - 5)2


132.

, ( I )2
2
) ( )2

( 3)(2 5)
= 3 ( 2);
4
(6 2)( 1)
= 4:
6

) ( + I )2 + ( + 2)2 + ( + )2 + ( + 4)2 = (2 + 5)2 .


133. ) 1 - - + 2 ( - - 3
;
2
) ( - I )2 + ^4 - 0

\(2-1)
= ^5 + ^

) ( - 4)2 - ( + )2 = 3( - 9);

) ( + +2) ( + +3) ( + - 3

= 1.

22

134. ) ( 3) + ( + 1)(3 ) 7

-5
-2
----------- - = 3.
3

+ 2

4,5 ( 2)2 = 2 +

- 17.
) 7 = + 10 + 11 = 6
.
4
) 4 + - =
0

(. + I )2 5 = ( + 3)( + 1)
135. ) (2 )(3 ) = (5 + )( + ) 1
( )2 ( + I )2 = 2( 6).
) (5 + )( + ) = (2 )(3 ) + 1
2 1 + 1
+ 4
= 1 -------12
9
136.

:
2

= - \-V = 1.
2
3
2
) , .
) = .

137.
:

= ( 3, 2, 1,0 ,1 , 2,3} ) + \\ = 0 ;
) \ 1| + | + 1| = 0 ;

) 1 + \ 1| = 0 ;
) | 1| = \ + 1)?

( 138-141):
138. ) \2 3| + 1 = 4;

) 2\ -

3| + 4 = 8 ;

) 3 = 2\; ) \2 7\ + = 5;
)

- | + 1| = 2 ;

) |3 2| + = 11.

139. ) \ 1| + | + 1| = 2;
140. ) 2\/2 4 + 4 = ;

)
141.

,_____________

) || + 7 = 13 - 2\\;
) \ + 2| = 2 + 1;

) [ - 2|+ | - 3| + |2 - 8| = 9.
) / 9 6 + 2 + 8 = 2;

/92 6 + 1 + = 15.

/.2 4 + 4 \/42 + 12 + 9 = 1 .

3.

3.2.

23

142. 866. ?
143. 99.
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144. 167.
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145. 5 .
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146. , 1
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147. 12
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2

148. - , 23
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150. 112 .
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151. 28 , 4 .
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152. 30 , 10 .
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153. 36 , 16 .
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2?
155. 4 : 5 .
12 , .
156.

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2
7
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24

157.
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158. , 33. ?
159. 6,
9
7, 13, 19.
.
160.
38 .
161.
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163. , , , .
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166. 4 , -
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167.
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25

168. 12 4 8 / . 45
80 / .
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169. 2040 87
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100 .
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173. 2,
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175. 4.
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176. 7 8 ,
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177. 30 , 25 .

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178. 150 12%-
4%- ?
179. 80%- 121
60%- . ?

180. 60% 90%


101 80%. ?
181. 5 .
3 , 1 ,
. .
182. 5 ,
1 . ?
183. 8 6 ,
4 .
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184. 8 .
2 .
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185. .
2 , 4 ,
2 . .
186. 2 ,
20 3
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, .
188. 1,5 2,1
32 1,65 .
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48 33 ?
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24
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27

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193. 7
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60 . 4 0 / ,
5 0 / . , .
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195. ,
, , , 40
. 4 /
45 .
?
196. ;
2 48 , 4 40 .
2 6 / .
.

3.3.

197. :

198. :
) 2 > 2 3 ;

) 25 < 52 ;

) 43 < 3 4 ;

) 7 62 ^ 8 72 ?

199. X = { 3, 2, 1 ,0 ,1 ,2 ,3 ,4 } :
) 5 1 < 3;

) ~ + 2 < - 3 ;

) 1 - 2 > 3;

/
) 3 - <1;

) | |< 2 ;

) || > 3?

200. :
) + 1 > 2 ;

) 2 ?

28
201.

:
. 4 1 5 2
1
6) ^ 1 - 2 ( 1 + 3) < 1 .
----------- 2
< ^5

202. (.
, > , < < , ):
. 3
) 2 - 5 - ( + 2) < - 5 ;
< - 1;
) 1 - ^

2;

) - - 2 ( + 1) < 0 ;

) - 2 < 8( + 1);

) 2 ( ^ 2 - - - 3 < 0 ;

.
2
) 3 ------- < 1 ;

. 2

203. :
. 2 3

. 1

)4 -
> '
204.

:
) + 5 < = 2;

) ( + I)2 < ( - 3);

) (2 ) ^ 3( I ) 2 ;

) - > 0.

205. :
) + 9 > 4 3;

) ^ - 1 < 0,1 + - ;
4
2

- 1 < 0,2 + 2.

206.
5 - 10 + 15.
_2
) |
207. -------- --------
3
2
1.
208. :
) - + 5 > 0;

) 4 - 1 < 15; ) - + 2 < 0; ) - < 5+1.

3.

29

( 209-214):
209. ) 5 - 3 < 4 1;

) + 3 < 4 + 2;

) 6 - 2 < 12 + 19;

) - 2,5 > 2 - - .
2

) 6 < 8 2 < 4 + 6;
5 2
)

<

10 ~

<

- 3

~ 3 < :

+ ^

210. ) * - + - - - __ 5 _ I

;
3
3 ^ 6
, + 1 3
2 2
) -------------- <
5

2
3

15

7
3 + 4
3 < =-------4;
) 3(2 1) < 4(3 8) 7;
2
'
5
) - (2 - ( - (4 - 5))) < 1.

211. '

212. ) ( - I ) 2 - ( + I ) 2 < 12 - ;
) 3(3 - 4) - ( + I)2 < - 1 ;

) ( - 4)2 - ( + )2 < 3( - 9);

) (* + 2)( + 5) - 3(4 - 3 ) ( - 5)2 ;


) 4( - 2) - (2 - 5)( - 3) < 12 - 2( - I)2 .
1+

- 6

213. )

10 7
2 ------- ----)

3+
^ 3 ;

2+
^ - > 1 - 1

7
7
1+ 7
.
- + 6
+1
,
4
1 + 5
2
1 2
) -----------------------------------< -----------------
2
24
12
3
6

^ __ 20 - (10 - ) 26 - 51 2(1 - )
) X
----- + . ---------------------- -----------------------156
^
52
13
214. ) ( + 4)( - 3) + 10 < ( + 2)( + 3);
) ( + 3)(2 - 1) - (2 + 1)( - 4) > 0;
) ( - I ) 2 + 7 > ( + 4)2 ;
) ( + 1)( + 2) + 3(1 - ) < ( - I ) 2 .

30

215.
2 + 1 1
-----------------2 ~ > '
216.
2
0,5(2 - 5) > ------1,

4
0,2(3 - 2) + 3 > - 0,5( - 1).

:
) < - 2 , < 1, -2 ,5 < ^ 2;
) 1 < < : 2, 1,5 < ^ 3 , * ^ 2,7;
) + 7, > 3, 5 ^ < 11 1

1
) X + ~ 2 2 < < 0 , - 1 < < 3
) X > 2, > 14,
218. :
) 5 > 0, < 17;
1 ,
1
(1 - 4) > *
)

) 2 1 0, 4 < 0 ;
7 52

5
47
13

11
+ _ 21^3~21
.

5
4 3
,
.
.
) 3 -
> ------- ----------- ----------- ,

+1

+ 2

+1

+2

.
2(2 - 5)

27

) 15 - > 2( + 1), 4( 4) ^ 14.


0
219. :
1
14
) 15 2 > 2 2( 4) < --- ---- ;
3
2
) 2(3 - 4) - 16 < 3(4 - 3) 3( + 1) < 2 + 4;
2 13
2,
20

) > 2 - - ( - 7) <
11
9
6
, 1 2 + 3
+ 5
+ 5 4
+ 1
> - 2----------3 - + < 2 - 2 1 - ^8 + ^ 2 < 3 1 -

(2

3.

31

( 220-222):
220. ) | ^ 2;

) || > 3 .

221. ) \ - 2| < 1;

) \2 1 1; < 1;
) |3 2,5| ^ 2;

) 3 > 5;

) \ + 1| - ^ < 1;

) \2 - 6| ^ 9 ;

) \5 - 1| 5= 4;
222. ) 2 + ( 1| > 5;
) 1 > \2 4 |;

) |5 2\ < 1.

) |2 - 4| < 2 - .

223. =

224.
17?

2 ~
-
</ 100
18?
3
2 5 3

225. (2 + 1)( 2) 2( + I ) 2
, , ?
226. . 9 1100
, 1200 , 13 1500
, 1600 . ?

3.4. III
227. :
= { | < ^ 3 }

= { | 3 < < + },

= { | 3 < < + }
= ( I ~1 <
= { | 3 ^ ^ 5 } .

= { | I ^ < 4 },
= { | | < < 5 },

V/

= { | < < 3 },

) .
) : 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ) ; 5 ',
6 ; 7 ; 8 .
228. , 6, , \
) < ,
+ < 6 + ;
) < 6,
< ;
) < 6,
> 6;
,
,
. 1 1
) < 6, - > - ;

32

) < 6 < <1, + < 1>+ (1;


) < 6 < <1, < 6 , ;
) < > <, > 5 (
229. :
) 6 < &, 2 ^ 6 .
)
1

)
1

/ < ,

1
X

V ^ V,
1
.
V

230. :
2
3
) - ( 3) - ( 1) 5;

11 / 11 .
) (2 3) 0;

) \ / 2 -= 5;
V2
) + 5 1 48?
231. :
) ||3 2| | = 2;

) || 1| | + 2|| = |3 3 |.

232. :
!+ !_ 1 ^
. ,

|| + X

|| X

233. :
- 1994
- 1995
- 1996
- 1997
- 1998
----- ------ + ------ -------- 1-------------- -------- ------+
3
2
5
4
3
2

+
+
+
1996
1997
1998
1994
1995
234. 24 .

. ?

3.

33

235.
. 35 .
?
236.
. ,
20 ?
237. 44 .


. ?
238. : ) 9 ;
?

) 4 .

239.
. 10 , 15 .
?
240.
720 . ,
40 . ?
241. 300 . 1 5 / ,
1 . ?
242. 1 4 / .
18 ,
21 / .
1 6 / ?
243. .
; -
; - ,
.
. ?
244.

8
2
5
. , -
3
6
.
?
245. 300 .
,

34

. : ,
15
. :
, 20
. ?
( 246-250):
246. ) \ + 2| \ 1| < ~ ;

) \ + 1| + | - 4| > 7.

247. ) \2 - 2 + 1 + \/9 - 6 + 2 ^ + 2;
) \2 + 2 + 1 + \ ! 2 8 + 16 ^ 7.
248. )

2 - 5
> 0;
1

) ^ | < 0 ;
+2
) ^ + 1 > 0.
+2

. 2 5
249. ) > 1;
+ 3
2 1
) ( - 1 ) { - 2 )
250. )
251.

2
2 + 2

6
<

) ^ 0
4

\ - 3
------- 1,
2 5

) 1 > 2 .

2;

2
5

2 9
<
2 7 + 12

) ^

:
)

2 ^ ;

) 3 - ^ 0;

4 > 3;

) 3 + 1 < 2 + .

252. :
)

) 113 \ > 6 ;
253. :
+7
)
< 2;
\/9 2 + 6 + 4
2 + 4 + 4
9 6 + 2

<

2;

\2 4 + 4 ^
) ( - 2)( - 3) "

'

|6 |

<

) \42 4 + 1 < 3 ;

>

3.

35

254. :
)

( 2)2 + 4;

) 3

1
3

) ;2 -2 2 : + 4;
5;

) 2 - + 2,251.

255. :
1
----

) ( + I)2 ;

) 3

) 2 + 6 10;

1
) 2 8 + 20 '

256. 6 :
,
5
) 2 ) + - > 2;
) + 1 ^ 2;

\ + 6

.,
2
1
) > + ) ^ 1
1
^ 1 + 4 ^ 2 ;

) ( + 6)2 ^ 46.
257.

, , :
2 + 2 + 2 + 3
) 2 + 2 + 2 ^ + + ; )
^ ; + + .

258. :
) 2 + 2 + 2 > 0;
) 2 + + 1 > 0;

) 2 -4 + 6 > 0 ;
) 2 - 6 + 11 > 0;
) - 2 + 2 2 < 0.

259. :
)

+ ^ /2 -

) - 3* 1 + ^/2
V
( - , - , - ). .

4.
(-
) '


= 2;
= 4 ;
= 2{ + 2);
V = 2.
()
I) = /3, . = \2;
= 62;
V = 3;
= 22.
{ )
= 2 ( + + );
V = ;
= 2 + 2;
= 2 + 2 + 2;

= 2 + 62.

4.

37

= 3:
= / + -

= 4-

/\
= ^ 2^ 3 ;
= 6\
= ( + 2)V = \ 2 / 3.

4.1.

260. 4 . ,
.
2 6 1 / :
) 4 2 ;
) 3% /2.
2 6 2 48 .
' .
263. .
264.

:
)

64\/2 2 ;

) 9 \ / 2 2 .

38

265.
. .
266.
:
) = 2 , 6 = 3 , = 6 ;
) = 10 , 6 = 22 , = 16 .
267. 7 24 , 8 . .
268. 5 , 214 2 .
.
269.

20 , 15 2,5
3
- . ?
5

270. 4 , 4 ,5 2,5 .
51 ?
271. 3,5 , 4 5
?
272. , 4 ,8 , 4 ,
.
2 1,5 2,2 1?
273.
:
) = 2 , I I = 1 ;

) = 6 , = 7 .

274.
4 8 .
275. 360 2 ,
. .
276. 36 2 , 10 .
.
277. 15 ,
9 . ?
278. 5 \ / 2 ,
120 2 . .

' 39 )

4.

279. = 8 V = 960 3 . .
280.
144 <13 , 10 .
281.
10 , 6 0 \ / 2 2 .
282. , .
:

) = 120 2 , = 170 2 ;

) = 32 2 , = 40 2 .

283. 144 2 ,
14 . .
284.
= 3 ,5 , <1 = 2,5 .
/\ ' \
, 285. ,/
"/- :
7 ) ^ = , = 8 ;

) = 6 \ / 3 , = 8 .

286. / .
287.
12 2 . ?
288. 4 \ / 2 , 96 2 . .
289. 2 0 \/ 3 , =
5 . : ) ; ) .
290.
9 , 15 .
291. 2 5 0 \/ 3 , 2 5 \/ 2 .
292.
4 \ / , 8 .
293. 1 6 0 \/ 3
10 . .

40

294. 1 3 5 0 \/3 2
18 . .
295. 8 ,
48 2 . .
296. 324 2 ,
8 . .
297.
10 , / .
298.
300 2 , 8,65 .
299. 295,36 2 ,
8 . .
300. 12 ,
1 6 \/3 2 . .
301. 9 \ / 2 ,
.
.
302. 36 .
4 , ?
303. .
.
304. 9
12 .
.
305. 36
39 .
.
306. 12 ,
6 8 .
307.
4 . 10 ,
.
308. , 3 9 , 9
.

4.

41

309. 8 ,
, 30 .
310. 120 ,
8 .
12 .
311. , 4 \ / , 30,
8 .
312. =
24 & = 10 . ,
.
313. 6 , 8 .
.
314.
, .
315. 360 2 . 15 .
316.


2
8
.
317.
():
) V = 62,28 3 , = 2 ;

) V = 540\/3 3 , = 10 .

318. :
) 541,73 2 , 288 2 ;
) 646,08 2 , 8 .
319.
96 2 : = 3 : 1. .
320.
100 2 .
( = 2 ,8 / 3 ).
321.
4 180 ?

42

322. 240 2 ,
8 . 2,7 / 3 .
323.
20 60.
.
324. 20
60.
.
325. ,
, :
) = 10 , 2\/3 , = 60 ;
) = 10 , = 4 , = 30 ;
) = 10 , = 4\/2 , = 45 .
326.
\ ^ ,
:
) (1\ = 16 ,

= 12 ;

) \ = , ?2 = 8 .

327. 5
12 .
10 .
328. 10
6 8 4 5 .
.
329.
4 10 , 5 .
.
330. 5
. 288 2 ,
.
331. , , 1560 2 . 10 ,
13 .
332. 12
20 , 20 .
. .

4.

43

333. .).\\\1)\
= 21 = 11 = =
13 . \ 1 180 2 .
.
334.
14 8 3,2 .
1 .
335. :
) 12;

) 14;

) 21;

) 83?

336. :
) ;

) ;

?
337. :
) 18;

) 24;

) 60

?
338. :
, :
) ;
) ;
) ;
) ;
) ;
) .
339. 6
: ) ; ) ; ) .
340. = .
.
341.
:
) 30;

) 45;

) 60.

44

4.2. IV
342. V . 10%,
10%.

. \ : V .
343. 7 . .
344.
= 4 6 = 7 30.
= 1 1 0 2 , .
345. ,
. .
346. 15, /481 /544.
.
347.
= 4 ,
60.
30 , ?
348. 400 2 .
3 : 4 .
?
349. 12 2 , 36 2 48 2 .
.
350. ,
, 4 : 3 : 1 .
= 78 .
351.
22 .
1 .
352.

^ = 2 , ^ .
353. 4 2 , 2 .
.
354.
,
6. = / .

5.
( ~
)
1

1 . . 1 (106-43. ...),

46

= ^ 2\ / 3;
= 3\
| ( \ / 3 + 2/1);
V = ^ 2/3.
]
(
)
= 2/3;

V=

5.1.

355. :
(I) ;
(II) ;
(III)
.
?
356.
8 , 7 .
357. = 10 = 12
. : ) ();
) ; ) .
358. - , - ,
(), - :

5.

) = 9 , = 7,5 ;

) = 1 0 \/ , = 13 ;

) = 12 , = 10 ;

) = 12 , = 13 .

47

359. - , - , -
(), , - :
) , = 5\/2 , = 7 ;
) = 2 4 , / = 2 0 .

) = 16 , = 15 ;

360.
3
= 8 , = - .
4
361.
.
4 , 6 .
362.
4 .
363.
240 2 . 30 .
364.
. :
) = 96 2 , = 6 ;

) = 336 2 , = 12 .

365.
1280 3 , 15 .
366. 10 ,
3
.

367. 16 ,
3 : 5 .
)68. ; = , 1
.
369.
45. 10 ,
, .

48

37
= 8 , 6
60 .
1
,371'. ( = )
3 6 /3 2 . .
372.
= 2 . ,
.
373. ,
2,6 8,5 , .
?
374.
= 10 ( = 19,36 / 3 ).
375. 8 ,
12 . .
376. 14 ,
4 . .
377. 6, 5:
) = 24 , 6 = 18 , = 25 ;
) = 8 , 6 = 6 , 5 = 13 ;
) = 18 , 6 = 24 , 5 = 1 8 .
378. = 10 , 6 = 32 ,
12 .
379. 360 3
12 9 . .
380. 12 5 .

.
381. = 10 6 = 32
= 20 = 13 .

5.

49

382. ,
, .
:
) = 2 0 \/ , = 2 4 ;

) = 4 \ / , # = 8 ;

) = 6 \ / 3 , = 5 ;

) = 1 0 \/ , = 1 3 .

383.
, 8:
) = , 5 = 5 ;

) = 12 , = 13 .

384.
180 3 , 12 .
385.
5 , 9 .
386. 5 ,
4 . .
387. 2 7 \/ 2 . 4 .
388. 4(21 + 4 /3 ) 3,
84 2 . ,
.
389. .
17,94 2 , 5,2 ,
?
390. 1 . 2 . ?
391. =
2 \ / 45.
392. = ,
45.
.
393. = 6
30. .
394. = ,
60 . .

50

395.
60.
= 2 \/ .
396. , : ) 60; ) 30 .
.
397.
90.
1 5 0 2 .
398.
\/3 . .
399. :
) 36 ;

) 18 .

.
400. =
1 6 \/3 2 . .
401. 1 0 0 \/ 2 .
.
402. 15 .
403. ,
( ) .
404. (
) .
405.
20 , 50 .
406.
12 2 0 .
407. 6 , 3 \/5 .
408.
2 4 /3 2 , 2 \ / .
409. 3 0 \/3 2
5 . .

5.

51

410.
4 \ / , 1 2 0 \/ 2 .
411. .
:
) 72\/3 2 , = 8 ;

) = 288\/3 2 , = 5 .

412. =
30\/3 , = 48 ^3 2 . :
) ; ) ; ) .
413.
= 2 \ / , V = 24\/3 3 .
414. = ,
60 .
415.
6 = 3 = \/3 .
416.
36 , 18 2 .
417. = = 9 . ,
= 2,78 / 3 .
418.
= 12 = 5 .

= 5 / 3 ?
419. = 4 = .
420. 4 , 45.
421. ,
45 .
422.
8
60.

52

5.2. V

423. 8 60. 9 .
424.
9 7,5 ,
270 3 .
425. 8 .

.
426. 384 2 . ,
.
427.
. .
428.
60. ,
( ).
429. 9 120 .
12 , .
430. 10 ,
12 .
25%.
431. ,
13 .
5 , 15 2 .
432. 30
4 .
.
.

5.

53

433. ^ ^ ().
) ^ ^ .
)

1 1 1 .
434.

45 (30 , 60). :
) 4 ;
) 4 .
. . 433

435.
0,75 ,
. .
436. 60 2 .
3 : 2 ,
.
437. 10 18 ,
() 90 2 . ,
, .
438. 7 ,
6 .
4 , .
439. 12 .
45. 360 2 .
440. = 8 ,
60.
.
441. = 4
, .
.
442. 12 ,
10 .
45 . .

54

443. 4 .

60 . .
444. ,
8 .
445. = 4
60.
45 .
.
446. = 2 ,

. .
447.
,
. .
448. ,
.
449. , 6.
.
450. 6 ^ 3 2 .
.

6.
( )


= /( )
= + ,
.
. > 0
- , . 6.1;
< 0 -
, . 6.2; = 0
- , . 6.3. = 0 =
.

=+

=+
> 0

<

'

. 6.1

. 6.2

+ = 0, . =
/ ( 0) .
/() = \ + \
/ ) = ^+ 2
\ = %.

II

'

. 6.3

-------- ;------

= -, . 6.4.
. 6.4

56

6.1.
451.

:
) = ;
)

6 ) / = / ;

= 2 - 2 + 1;

= ---------- ;

) = / + 5;

) = ( - I ) 2 - 2 ;

) = - ?
X

452. :
) = + 1;

) = -~ 2;

) = _ + .

: 1, 0, 1,
2, 3 .
453. = /( ) :
) 2 + - 5 = 0;

) - 7 + 4 = 0;

) 6 + 9 = 0.
5
: 2, 0, , - .
454. = / () '() = 2 3. :
)/(0);

) /( 1 ) ;

)/(-1 );

)/(2-1);

) / ( / ( - 2 ) ) ;

) / ( / ( * ) ) .

) / ( + 1);

4
455. /( ) = + 1, :
5
)/(0);

) / ( 1);

) / ( | ) ;

) / ^

- 1^ .

456. :
) = 1;
)

= 2 7\

2 + 3 = 0; ) 15

) = 4 - 4;

17 + 30 = 0.

457. :
) V = 1;

= -2 ;

) = 0;

) = 3;

) = 1;

) = 0.

458. :
) = X, = 1, = + 1;
.
1
1
) 2 ~ ^ ==2 '^ " 1

) = - , = - - 1 , = - + 1 ;
) = 2, = - 2 + 1.

57
459. :
) 2 2 + 4 = 0;

) 4 = 0;

) 14 + 7 21 = 0; ) ^

) 5 - 2 / - 3 = 0 ;

- ^ / + 1 = 0.

,
.

460. :
) = 5 + 6;

461. :
) 8 2 + 4 = 0;

) - 6 + = -1 2 ;

) 0,6 + 8 = - 3 - 2.

462.
1) + / 2 = 0;

2)

3) - - 2 = 0;

4) 2 + 3 = 0

+ 2 0;

+ 2. ?
.
463. + 2 4 = 0.
) .
) .
) .
464. = 2 + 1
()?
)
'

. . 464

58

6.

465. . ()?

V
V

1
+ 2 -1

59

/2 \

-1

\
\2

. . 167

. . 468

468. :
) = + 2;

) = -

-- 2;

) = ~
\\

,
469. ( 1 1)
( 2 , 2) (2 ,0 )?
1
470. 6 = + 6 :
466.

) 0 (0 ,0 ) ( - 1 ,2 );

) 0 (0 ,0 ) (3 ,6 ).

471. = (& - 3) + ; :
( 3 ,- 1 ) .
.
I !\9
472. - 6 = 12 - .
473. :

) 2> 2 = 12;

) 2 + 5/ + 10 = 0.

474.
:
) ( 0 ,- 3 ) , 5 (1 ,0 );

) /1(0,- 2), 5 (3 ,0 );

) -4(0, 1), 5 ( 1, 2).


475. :

. . 466

467 . :

*) = ;

) = ;

') = - 2;

) = - - 2 ;

) = + 2 ;^
) = + 2?

) = 2 1]

) = 2: + 1;

)= -2-1-

) = ^ + |,

) = - 2 + 1;

4 ( 1 ,- 1 ) 5 ( - 1 , 3 ) . ?

60

476. :
) = - \
) = - + 1;
)

1;

) + 1;
) = - 1 ?

477. (3,0), { 7,5)

/
14 \
( 4, I

/ = - - 2 1
478.

) : = + 14, ( 2 ,4);

) : = + 3, (5 ,2 );

) - = + , {3,4);

) : 2 + = 0, { - 1,1).

479.

= ---- 1
5
2
- , = .
480. = + 5
:
) -;

) = + 3.

481. =
{ 1) { + 1) = 2 + 5.
.
482.
:
) : = + 3, { 1,2);

) : = - 2 + 5, ( - 1 ,3 ) ;

) - = ^ + 1, {4 ,2).
483. = + 4. = 2
.
484. :
) = - + 4;

) = 2 + 2;

=-

) = 5 = 7;
) = 0;

) - + 11 = 0; ) 2 + 2 + 3 = 0;
) 4 + 1 = 0 ?

-5;

6.

61

485.
:
) /= (2 4): 3;

) = (7 + 5) + ;

) = ( - 11); + 2 + 3;
) (2 - 7) + 1 = 0.

) (5 - ): - 2 + 4 = 0;

486. ,
:
.
2
1_

) = ~ + ;

+ - + ?

487. :
) = 2 - 4 ;

) = - + - ;
5

) = ~ + 1;

) 2 ,
3

.
488.
:
) - 2 = 0, + = 3, : + 2 = 8;
) + = 3, = 1, 2 = 6.

'

489.
:
) = \

) = ( - 1) + 2 - 1;

) = - + 1;

) 2 - + + 1 = 0;

) ( - 2) -

(1_)

+\ +

1='

.
490. + 3 ( 2, 5).
(1,2) ( 7,6)?
491. = 2 + 4
.
.

62

492. = + 2
.
1 .
493. (0,6)
9.

6.2. -
494. ( 1, 2) 2 = .
.
495. = ( 8) + 4. = 2
.
496. :
) 2 + 1;

) = + ^ ;

) + 2 + 6 = 0;

) 4 + 5 1 = 0.

- .
497. = (261 ) + (

- 8.
498. (

) :

.
499.

:
) = 6;

< 0,
500.

) 2 4 + 8 = 0.
0, > 0.

63

6.

501.

:
) = 2 + 5 ;

) = - + 8;
) = 2 - 3;
+ 3 = 0.
?
502.


( - 2)* ( 1),

/ .

: :
) = 2 - 6;
503.

) = - + 8;

) 5 - 5 + 10 = 0.

.
504. - :

505. - = 2 1 + 2.
506. (4 - 6) - (3 2).
:
) = 2;
) = 10 + 1;
) { 3,2) .
507. ) ?
)
3 + = 12
6.
508. = {) : /(1 ) = 2, /(0 ) = 1.
/( ) = + .
509. = + {2, - 1 )
{ 3,1) .
510. = 1
.

64

. . 511

511. ( ) = +
.
512. 5 + 2 = 9.
:
) (1, ) ;

) ( ,3);

) ( 1 / 5 , 0).

513. 6 + = 1
2 = 6 + = 0.
514. (1,3)
= ( 1) 4 + 1
.
515.
= /

( ) = 2 + 1.
. = /

, = /(2 ), 2/= / ( / ( ) ) .

516. =

+ ^ + 1 2.

) ( 4,6)
.
)
.
517. ( ) = 1. :

518.

) / ( ) = 2;

) / ( ) = 3;

) ! ( ) = /(2 + 1);

) / ( / ( ) ) = 5;

) / ( ) = 0;

)/()=.
5
= ( 1) + - , 6 .

-
2.
.

6. ,

519.

65

/ (), = / ( )
) / ( - 1) = 2 - 3; ) / ( 2 - 1 ) = ;

520.

\ + 2) = + 1 .

:
) = ;
) = 3 - \ \ ;

) = \\ + 1;
) = - \ \ ;

) =

6.3.

) = \ - 1|;
) = + \\;

= +

VI

521. + 1 = 0,
+ - 8 = 0 - 2 - 2 = 0 ( I ).
522. = - 4
2 + 2 = 0 ( IV ).
523. = - 2 + 2

= - - + 3 ( ).

524. =
+ 1 = + 2 .
525. ( 3, 4)
-
14.
526. :
) + \\ = + \\; ) - || = - \\;
) \\ + 3 = \ + 3 |; ) \\ 2 = \ - 2\ .

) - \\ = + | |;

527.
:
) \ + \ = 1 ;
)
)

+ \\ + + || = 16;
|-2/|<2;

) ^ + = 2

) || + |/| = 1;

) + |<1;

) \ - 1| + \\ < 2.

528. :
) = /42 - 4 + 1;
) = ^ + + 2 ;
) = ' 2 - 2 + 1 + /2 + 2 + 1.

66

529. :
) }{) = ^(| - 2| + | + 2 |) ;
)

) /( ) = ^ (| - 1 \ + \ + 1 |);

/ () = |3 - 1| + | - 4| - 2|2 - 1 |.
X

" V

530. ) = - , 8 (3 5).
)

* = , 7 * (4 * 3).

531. :
) ( , ) = 1;

) ( , ) = 1;

) ( | |,| |) = 1.

532. :
) = \ - 2|;
)

= | 1| + 1;

) = | + 1|;
) = ||| - 1|.

7.

533. ()
.
) ,
?
) ?
)
?
) .

40--

4 --

2 -

. . 533

1 ( 500. ...),

. . 534

68

534.
.
) .

535.
.
V III2 V III V III4 V III5

11

) .
) ?
) .
536. 2009/10 .
VII . VIII . I . II . III . IV .

15

31

33

33

28

34

42

75

70

89

280

) .
) ,
.
) :
VII . V III . I . II . III . IV .

7.

69

537. () ( )
.
) ?
) 10 ?

11-10--

. . 537

. . 539

538. ) ( )
- 1 0 . 100,
?
) 5, 10, 15 20.
?

539.
2006-2009. .
.
540. :
I: 216 , 205 , 201 , 186 , 182 ;
II: 211 , 211 , 203 , 199 , 188 .
.
541. 32
:

10

13

70

542. 6 ,
4 , , , .
? ( .)
543. :
- 2310, - 3725; - 4011; - 2284 - 518.
.
544.
300 ( );

0-5

5-10

10-15

15-20

20-25

35

65

120

70

10

.
545.
20 : 39,
40, 44, 42, 43, 39, 41, 41, 44, 45, 42, 43, 42, 42, 40, 44, 43, 42, 40, 43.
.
546. 12 580
:

0-5 . 5-10 . 10-15 . 15-20 . 20-25 .


1220

910

5340

3750

1360

.
547. 30 : 2, 5, 3, 4, 1, 7, 12, 9, 6, 11, 11, 6, 5, 1, 2, 3, 7, 7, 10, 14, 3,
2, 5, 7, 4, 11, 8, 7, 5, 1. .

8.

, 11 1 ( ,
)

,
( + 1> =
\ 2 + 62 2,
! , 1>\, \, 2 , 62 , 2 (
). (,) 0

\ + 612/0 = \
\ 2 + 2 = 2
.
1 =

\12 2&1

0 (. ~
2
2
(,)
_

\ 2 2&1

\(>2 21

_ \2 2\
^
\1>2 2 (>1

2 = 0 1&2 2\ \2 2\
/ . 1
1
( . = ), .
2 2
2

72

3 = 0
- 2&1 = 2 - 2 = 0,
:
) 2 , & , 2 , &2 ,
( ). , 0,

) = &! = 2 = &2 = 0 , 2
, ;
) = &1 = 2 = &2 = = 2 = 0,
( ) ( , ) ,
, 6 , .

.

8 .1.

548. + 3 = 0.
. ?
549. :
) (3,1)
) (7,4)
550. ( )
, :

8.

551.

73

:
5 + 2 = 29

= 1

3( 5) + 2 = 4

' 7 6 = 1

11 + = 12

2 + = 12;
: + 4( - 1) = 3

+ 2 = 3;

= 5
)

~ ( - 2 ) + 7 = - 7

5 9 = 6
4( - 2) - 3( - 1) = 4?

( 5 5 2 556):
552. ) + = - 6 , - 2 = 24;
) 2 + 4 = - 1 , + 7 = 2;
)

) - = 5, - + 7 = 1;
) 5 - = 17, 2: + 3 = 11;

4: + 5 = 25, 4 + = 13.
' 4 - 5 = 3

553. )

2 = 11;

6 + 51 = - 7
) ( 45 + ^ = 4;

7 26 = 36 5
)

. 2( - 6) = 8 + 6;

3
5
4 ' + 6 = 9

' 0,2 + 0,5 = 2


)

554. )

2 = -4 6 ;

5 = 2 8

) { 2(3 - 20) = 7;

5)

-------- = 2
4
5
6
- + - = +
1 6 + 4
+

1,3 - 2,1 = 3,6


1 2,1 + 1,3 = 15,2;

' (3( + 1) + 5 (2 /- 2) = 30
2( + 2) 3{ 3) = 6;
( - 3)( - 1) = ( - 4)

)1 ( -

1)( + 2) = ( + 15)( - 6);

( + 2) : ( + 5) = ( - 1) : ( + 1)
)

(2 - 5) : (2 + 2) = ( 4) : ( 1).

74

7 + 2
6
7 + 3
6

;
555. )

-2

)
+ 41, = 12;

4 5 + 10
_
0

5 4 + 4
4

( ~ 3) = 4

( + 2) = - 3 ;

5 5 + 8
= -1
6 + 2/ 10
10

15.

( + )2 = ( 3)( + 3) + 10/

556. )

\ ( + 5)( - 5) = ( - 5)2 - 10;


)

( + 2)2 + ( ~ 2)2 = 2 + 2
\ (2 - )2 + ( - I)2 = 2 + 2;
( (2 - I)2 - 42 = 3

) \

( 2)2 2 = 92.

( 557-561):
557. ) + 2 = 2 6 , & = 3;

) 5 2 = 29, 10 + 132/ = 24;

) 2 + = 12, + 6 = 3
) 2 + = 5 , 4 + = 11.
2 3 = 0
558. )
= 16 ;

) 2 7 = 2, 6 112/ = 26;

= 2 3
)

4 = 8;
559. )

2 = 1
)

\ 2 4^/ = 10;

45 + = 6
)

\ 35 - 2* = 4;
560. )

= 3
2 = 1;

+ 5 = 7
)

2
)

\ 6 + 10/ = 1;
2 + / = 10

= 6 5

+ = 5;

- = 5;

2 + ^/2 5 + 32/+ 2 = 0
2 = 1.

8.

75

562.
:

563.

) 2 + 5 = 0;

) | + - 1 = 0;

) + - 1 = 0;

) + 2 = 0.

:
) + 2 = 3, 2 = 1;

) 2 4, 2 = 0.

1 .
2 .
564.

:
) 2 - = 5, 2 + = 3-,
)

) 2 + = 9, - = 0;

2 = 0, + 5.

565. + = 1,
2 + 2 = 5 .
.
566. :
)

= 2 + 4, = | - 2 ;

3
) = - ,
5

2 =

) 2 - = 4, = 2 - 1;

1.

567. , :

76

( 568-569):
.

) 6 + 5 = 2

568. ) - + - = 2 , -------- = 0;
; 2
3
2
3
) +

= 0,6, -

6 + = ^

= 0,3;

) ^ - | = 4, 0,5 0,2 / = 2;
, -2
- 1
2
) + - 5-
= 3^
569.

)
;
2
)

+ ^ 1 = ,
5
2

^ + 4,2/

+ + 5 = - 3 ,

. 2 - + 15
2 5
2 + + 19 ~ 3 _ 3
) 1_

7-
2

=-1-

+ 10

5
5
5
+ 3 ;

+ 3 ~ 2 = - ! ;

= ^ [2_ 2(_ 7 ) _ ] 1 ^

+ ; + 1 8 = 1;

2 - 2 + 5 _ 5 - 6 = 1 ; % + 2 _ 2 ( _ 1) = ^ 2 .

. + 5 - 16
2

4 2
5 + 7 - 14
3
~ 4
4

7 - 5 - 12
2
=4'

570. ----- ---------------- - ----- = 0 0,1 0,3 = 5, + .


571. ) 2 = 12 + 6 = + 2 7, + !
) 5 + 2 = 25 42 4 = 6, + 2x1
) 2 + 2 = 6 = 5, + 2 !
572.
( 3) + ( + 2)/ = 3
( + 2) ( 1) = 1

573. 0,2 = + =
(5, 7) ?

8.

77

574. ( - 2 ,1 )
:
) + 2 = , 2 + -,
) - = , + = 2;
) 2 - = - + , + \ = 2 + 4 ;
) 4 + 7 = - , -2, - 2 = 2 - .
575.
2 + / - 6 = 0,

- -

=0.

(*)

) (2,2)
.
) (*).
576.

54, 20. ?

1
577. - .
2
?
578. 168, 6. ?
579. , 3.
580. 42. ,
3 2. ?
581. , 2 2;
, 2
8. ?
582. 13.
27.
?
583. 166 . ,
2 16. ?
584.
, 38 , 11 .
585. 20 .
4 , 2 , .
?
586. 54 ,
5 : 1 1 . .

78

587. 8 , 16 2 .
?
588. 56 .
4 : 3 .
589. 12
. .
590. 10,5 . ,
, = 3 .
.
591. ,
8 , - . .
592. , ,
.
: 7 , 8 1 1 .
593. ,
, 16 , 20 24 .
594. :
) ;
) 30 ;
) 20% .
8.2.

-
595. + = 2.
) :
(1,1), (2,0), ( 3 ,- 1 ) , (3,1), ( - 2 , 4 ) , ( - 5 , 6 ) , (10,8);
) ?
) .
( 5 96-600):
596. ) \/2 + / = 5, 5 /2 - 2 = 4;
) /: + 2/2 = 3 \/ , \/2 + \/ = 5;
) /2 = 2, = 1;

) /5 5 = /5, \ / 5 = 5.

79

8.

597. )

20 (8 36) = 56 ( + 6 3)
12 - ( + 6 + 2) = 42 - ( 9 - 46 + 7);
( + 3)( / + 5) = ( + 1.)( + 8)
( 2 3)(5 / + 7) = 2(5 6)( + 1);

1 ( + 1 ) - 2 = 2 ( _ )
- ( ~2>) = 2 - .

1 : 2 = 0 + 1) : (9 + 4)
1 : 3 = ( - 1 ) : ( + 2);

{ - 1) : ( + 2) = 1 : 2
: = 4 : 3;

(9 + + 2) : (1 + + ) = 4 : 3
(2 + 2 ) : (3 + 2) = 3 : 2 .

+ 3

599. )

2 1
2 , - ^ = 5
)

2 - 1
5
~
+ 2- =0;
+ _ ~ _
2
4
) <
: +

1,5 = 0;
4

+ 6+1
2 36
3
6
2 6 4

6 = 6.

600. )

( + 2 ) { 3) = + 10
( ~ 1){ + 2) = (5 - ) ( 2 - );
( - 2)2 - ( + ) = ( 1 - ) 5

(1 - )(1 + ) = 2 - 2 - 2 ( +

80

( - ( + 2 ) ( - 1) = -
)

{ ( + 2)2 - (2 + I ) 2 = ( - 2) ( + 2) - 13;
( ( + 3)( - 1) - (1 + ) ( + 1) = 6

2( 1) 2( + I ) 2 = 5 + 6.

601. :
) 5 = 2, + 2 = 1 7 6 = 1;
) + 4 = 4, 2 = 1 + = 1 ?
( 602-603):
602. ) 2 + = 5, = 2, + 4 = ) 2 + 5 = 5 , + = 2 , + 15 = 1.
603. ) 15 + 10 + 8 = 164, + + = 16, = 2\
) + + = 2, 2 + = 5, 9 = 0;
) 2' + 6 = 12, 5 7 = 0,

+ ~ = 4.

( 604-605):
604.

) ------------------ = 0, -------- + -------- = 1;


+

+

)

27
2

32 _
45 _
48 _
_
+ 3
2
+
1
1
+
+ 2
+ 1
10 + 2
1

1
10

5
_
5
3
1
1
4
5
- = 16, - - - = 4;
-- 21,

)
X
X
X

2
1
4
18
9
20
6
+ - =
= - 1 , - + = 1;
) X := 1,
X
X
5

606. () = 2 + +
:
. 3
605. ) - +
X
, 5
-
X

)
)

(0) = 7, (1) = 5;
(1) = 14, (3) = 14.

) (1) = - 2 , (2) = 3;

607. (, 1)
:
) - 2 - 1 = 0;
) 2 + 6/ 3 = 0;
7 2

) ; + ~
4
5

8.

81

608. :
) 12 - 38 = 7;

) 6 - 1 4 = 15;

) + 9 = 34.

? 9 3
4 ~ = 5 0
(+,-1 (4, /) .
610. :

) + = 1;

) - - / = 5;

. + + ! =

,
3
) 5 + - = 12,


.
(0, 0)
+

= + 1,

3 = 771 + 8.

0 = 20 .
612. () = + 6 :
)

(0) = 3, ( 1) = 4; ) (1) = 2, (2) = 0; ) (3) = 10, (6) = 9.

613.
18. ?
614.
:
+ = 3
+ 4 = 3
)
5 ~ 2 = ;
\
+ = + 4 = - 8
+ = ~ 2;
2 + = 1
+ 9 = 2;

( ~ 5 = 2
) <
1
-2 = ;
( 5 = 2
)
)
\ -2= .

615. 14.
, 18 . ?
616. 9.
,
9 18. ?

82

617.
, 77. 18,
. .
?
618. ,
4 3,
, 28. ?
619. ,
5 1. 9,
, . .
620. 9.
, .
?
621. 225
40% .
25%, 50% ?
622. 10% 20% 62,4, 20%
10% 69. .
623. 88. 20%
.
624.
, 2 .
5
?
625. 12 . 14
20 .
7 0 / .
626. 63 5 ,
3 .
?
627. , 1260 ,
, 1710 .
.
628. 7, 385.
?

8.

83

629. : 350 .

, 30 .
?
630. 100 ,
32 . ?
631. 12 . ,
, ,
. ?
632. .
: , 5 , .
: , 5 , .
?
633. 6 .
, 3 20 .
?
634. 12 . 5 , ,
17,5 .
?
635. 713
4
. - ,

.
?
636. .
5 , 3 ,
6 , . ,
?
637. 444 . 14
, 12 , 6086 .
?
638. ,
.
?

84

639. .
3
- . ?
640. 59 ,
55 ,
51 . ?
641. . 5, 8
, 3401 . , , 8, 5
, 3101 .
?
642. 1000 3 .
,
. .
643. , 1441 701, .
, 11 . , ,
,
. ?

8.3. V I I I
644.

=1
3

( + 4)2 - ( ~ 2)2
2 2 + 10
645.

2
3 1+
4
* + !!!
2] ~ 2 + 2 =
+ 1
2+
2+
3 2 + 1
__ + 5 _
2 + + 4
+ 3
+ 4 2
4 +

1, 2 = 6.

6 , :
) + 2 6, 2 = + 26;
) 4 5 = 11 + 256, + 2 = 9 + 136;
6
.
/ 6
6;
0
2
1 3 =
3
'
2
) + = 5 + 36, = 76.

8.

85

646.
{ ) = + 7.
.
647. :
) 2 - + = 2, + 2 + 2 = - 2 , - 2 + = 1 ;
) + 2 + 3 = 5, 2 = 1, + 3 + 4. = 6;
) ; + 5 - 4 + 5 = 0, 2 - + * - 2 = 0, 4 + - + 4 = 0.
648. :
) 2|( + 3 = 0, || + 3 = 0;
) |2 11/ = 2, - | 4 - | = - 1 ;
) || + = 2, + || = 0.
649. :
) 2 2 = 24;
) 2 - 2 = 105.
650. 19 73 . 11
, .
X .
651. 2 + 2 - 3 2 = 1.
652. ) , XX , 1999.
. ?
)
1876.
. ?
653.
, 99 .
10
8 .
654. /( ) + 2 /

= { 0), { ) .

655. = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 6 + 4.
656. :
) 2 + 4 = 2 + 44;
) 2 + 2 = 2 + 4.
657.
.
2 , 4
.

210 .

86

658. 360 .
4 /
. ?
659. 50 .
60 30 . 20 ?
75 ? ( )
660. 7 2 ,
27. .
661. .
,
. 63 (
). ?
662.
I . ,
96 , , 98, , - 98, , - 95,
, - 93, , 97, ,
- 99 , - 98 .
?
663. , 15 .
6 , 30
. ?
664. , , .
, ,
.
?

9.
N 07 1, ( ,
)
1

7;

1
1

= 2 = 2( + );

!
11
--- 1---- __

V = 2.



.

9.1.

665. 367 2 ,
97 2 . ?
666. :
) = 4 , = 6 ;

) = 5 , = 4 ;

) = /3 , = 2 ;
) = (1 + /2) , = (2 /2) .
667. 1271, = 1,6 .
.
1 . (4. ...65. ..),

88

668. = 4872 ,
= 307 2 , : ) ; ) .
669. 13072 , =
5 . .
670. 24073 , = 15 .
: ) ; ) .
671. 100073 , 1 0 . :
) ; ) .
672. 107.
:
) ;
) 3 .
673. 172 .
?
674. = 6 = 4
. .
675.
:
:) = 2 , = 327 2 ;

@ = 3 , = 42 2 .

676. :
) 4 ;
) : 1 ; 2 .
677. .
30 2 ,
?
678. 20 , 30 .
.
679. 10
.
680. , ,
. :
) = 12 ;

) = 4 ?

9.

89

681. .
682. 1127 2 ,
2 : 5 . .
683. 172 ,
11273 .
684.
40 , 6 ?
685. 5 . , 13 .
.
686. 144 2 . , ?
687.
. .
688. .
?
689. 8
2 . 1000
15% ?
690. ,
. .
691.
.
?
692. 4 .
?
693. = 14 .
? ( 7
694.
2 .
695. . 128 3 .

90

696. 8
8 .
?
697. 1 7,48 .
? ( 13,6 / 3 ;

698. 1 . 2,5 .
699. ( ) 12 1,5
. ?
700.
207, ,
30% ?

9.2. IX
701. 2 ,
3 . ?
702. :
' ) 90;

) 120;

) 180.

.
703.
, 20
18 , (). ?
704. ( )
. .

?
. . 703

9.

91

705. 5 , 8 . .

. ?
706. ,

. ,
.
707. = 8 6 = 5
, . : ) ;
) ; ) .
708. 0,7
3,8 .
1 2 2 . ( 7
709. ( ) 2 ,
10 .
8 ,9 / 3 .
710. 100 12.
8 ,9 / 3? (
3,14.)
711. 2 50 3 .
:
) < 2,5 ;
) 3,5 < < 4,5 ;

) 2,5 ^ < 3,5 ;


)# > 4 ,5 .

.
712. 3,5 <1 41
.
22
( 7 ) .
713.
= 30 6 = 20 3
. (
).
714. ,
.
= , V = 1 2 \/ 3 , ?

92

715. ( 2 ) .
.
716. (2 = )
.
120.
.
717.
.
.
718. 4 ,
8 , . .
719.
1 . 2 . 1 0 \/ 2 .
.
720. ( = 2)
2 .
.
721. =
( ).
= 4 .
?
722.
. 6, .
.
723. 10 25 .
30 ?

10.
N 0 1 7 1 11 1
( )
1


5 = 2
.

10.1.
724.
:
) = 3 , = 4 ;
) = 8 , = 15 ;

) = 5 , = 12 ;
) = = 5 .

725. :
)

= 3 , = 5 ;

) 5 = 13 , = 12 ;
. (15611626),

) = \/2 , = \/3 ;
) = , = 8 .

94

726. = 81,
5 = 101?
727. 24 , = 13 .
.
728. :
) 5 = 7 , = ;

) = 11 , = 9 .

729. 3 : 4 .
60 2 , .
730. 12 ,
. .
731. = 2 4 2 , =
1572 . .
732. 13 2 .
.
733. 4 \/1
. .
734. 5
216 . ?
735. = 9 6 2 , = 10 .
.
736. :
) = , = 5 ;

) = 13 , = 12 .

737. = 12 = 42 2 .
.
738. -
50 2 . .
739. - .
817\/2 2 ,
.
740. -
9 2 . .

10.

95

741. ) (2 = )
9 \ / 2 . .
)

= 6 \/3 .
742. 8 =
, :
) 30;

) 45;

) 60.

743. 187.
45, .
744. 30. .
745. 30 =
3 .
.
746. 2572 , 13 .

?
747. . : )
; ) .
. . 747

748. 4 . .
749. , =
. ?
750. .
77 2 ?
751. ?
752. 187.
45. .
753. 4572 ,
2 . .

307

96

10.2. X
754. 1 ,
6 .
755. .
.
756. .
?
757.
, .
758.
(2 = ).
759. 8
135. .
760.
?
761.
.
762. 2472 , 1572 .
, .
?
763.
8 . (
19,3 / 3 ; 7 3,14)?
764. 4 .
( 0 ,8 ;/3 )?
765. =
2 . .
766. . .
767. , 15 20 ,
. .

10.

97

768. = 3 &= 4
, . : ) ;
) ; ) .
769. 8 .

.
770. ( || ) , = 2 ,
= = 1 .
.
771.

6 + 3\/3 2 .
, .
772.
) ).
.

)
. . 772

773. .
?
774.
= 10
24.
15 . .
.
775. 9 ,
45 : ) ; )
. .
776.
. , .

98

777.
. .
778. 13 12

. .
779. = /2

, , \ , \,
.
.
780. 3 : 5,
12873 . ?
781. .
\ .
, .
: \ .
782. .
.
783.
. = 2 .
784. 6 , , ,,
, ,
1
1
1
, ^
= 77% '
'
^
785. .
2 60.
.
786. 10 , 3 \ / 5 .

16 ?

11.
, (, ( , ,
)

2 7 ;


\ = 27

0 \ = 2

11.1.

787. :
) ;

) ;

) .

788. ?
789. . : ) ; ) ;
) ?
790. 13
5 . ?
791. :
) = 3 ;

) = 1;

) = ;

1 . . ( 100-44. ...),

) = .

100

792. 72 .
.
793. 97 2 .
?
794. 127.
?
795. :
) = 17 2 ;

) = 247 2 ;

) = 5772 ;

) = 32472 .

796. 10 .
.
797. 4,572 .
.

798. 10
. 7,5 ,
?
799. .
. ?
800. 8
.
?

11.2. X I
801. 50%.
?

802. 1 ,
87 2 . ?
803. .
.

804.
.
805. ( )
. .

11.

101

806. 2 : 3 : 6
1372

7 . .
807. , .
.
808.
2 = 18 , (1 = 2 . 9 / 3 .
809. 8 (
). .
810. .
811. 5 / 1 , 3 2
. .
812. :
) IV;
) . .
813. = 5 = 12
. .
814. 2 \ / ,
3 .
.
815. .
.
816.
.
817. 4
5 . .
818. .
.
819.
2 \ / . .
820.
. ,
.

102

821. .
?
822. , .
, 8 10 .
13 , .
823.
, . .
824. , ( ),
.
?
825. 1
.
?
826.
. : ) ; ) .
827.
, .

.
.
828. = 6 \ / 3 .

.
829. ) , ,
. .
) ,
, . .

12.

1.
1.1
1. ) . ,

, =

20

'

2 . )

(). =
= 6 , = .
X .
: = : , = . 6 ) : = : 6 ; ) : = : ;
) : 1 = ( + ) : ; ) : = 6 : 1; ) : = : ( + 6 ). 3. . .

. . 3
4. . .
3 0 = 12 .

6 . ) 6 : 3 = 3 0 : 6 ,
) 3 0 = 28 ; ) 3 0 = 15 .
7. = . 8 . )
1
: = : = = 2 4 . ) : = :

5 .

9. ) = 4 ;

) = 8 .

10. )

104

1 2 : 9 = 8 : 6 : = ' : ' .
, ' || ' . ) ' || ' . ) 21 : 6 17 : 9
: ' : ' , ' ' .
11.

= 8 = 1 .
=
'
1 2 . ) 5 ; ) 4 ; ) 28 ; ) 1 0 .

1.2

13.

) , 5; ) .

14.

15.

4
\ = = = 2,5 .

1,6

= 0 1 = ------ = 14 , =
1
0,\

\
16. ()
30 : = 45 : (45 ), = 18 .

= 2,25 , \ = 1 .

6
,
&1
= ----- = 30 .
01
1
: = : ( ), .

17. () : = : ( ~ ) . + = 16,
. = 16 , 18 : (16 ) = 1 2 : ( 1 2 ), = 4 ,
6
= 12 . 18. : = ( + ) : = ------- 7 = 32 . 19. 15

1 0 .

2 0 . = ------- - = 81 .

2 1 . 1 ^ ^ ^

() = \ , \ \ \
: \ = : \, : \ = : \ = : \ = : \.
,

. . 21

1.

105

2 1 1 1 , = \ ,
= , = \.
+ 5 + = (^ +
+ , . = 0 \ ,
: = . 3 = ^ \ \ \ 1 .

= . : \ = : , : \ =
\
1 4
2 : \.
22. 30 : 20 = : \ \ = 16 . 23.
45 . : 0 \ = : \ = :
= : \ \ = 16 , \ = 20
= 24 .

24.

= = % =

= 12, 1 = 27.

25.

= 39 .

) 4 : 9. 27. 8 .
9

= 6 . \ = 9,

: = 6 : 6 1 , . 2 : 5 = 6 :

61 = 15 . ^ = 18

8 = - ; .

4
|

26.

) 2 : 1; ) - \

8
8

28. = 7, = 12, = 15 ().

12 121: + 7 + 15 15/ + 7 = 26 = , = ,
5
5
N 0 = 9 , = ~ .
5

. . 28

29.

. . 29

() =

.
2

, =-=, = 2 . 30.

, ()
_ _ 1
~ ~ 2'

. . 30

31. 8 ( =
5 = / . - ).

8
0 8 - 8
= - 6 = = ().

8
8

106

. . 31

. . 32

= (), :

=
.1)
25 = 50 .
32.

= : = 12 : 5,

, =
(

1.3
33. ) = /2 + 62 = 5 . ? = =
.
2
9
62
16
12

- 1 (]
= _ , =
= . ) =

5
14 , = ~25 , 144 , , = .60
13
- .

34.

2 = , 2 = , 2 = .

, ),
11,25

31,25 , 6 = V 2 2 = 18,75 , =

= 15 .
35. =

/42 - 22 = /2,

2\/3

36. 2 = , = 12 ().

= / 2 + 2 = 2 0 & = / 2 + 2 = 15 ,
= 60 = 150 2.

. . 37

1.

107

37. = , = 6 , = /, = ~ ~ , .
.
6 6
( ). 38. . .

. . 38

. . 39

1.4
39. (),

---------- =

--------- =
= 1,5 .

() =

2 = =

41.

'

40.

= , ( = )

6 .

1/

(),

( 1- )
\
6)
.

50

50

42. 8 5 (), = --------- , .

, = 2 .

108

43. ( ),
= , ().

^
. ------ = ------ = ____ =


18. 44. . = 362,
= 6 , ()
_
. 12
6
( ~ , '-
4 = 4 , 16 2.

45. = ( ) ,
(),
.

6 5 ~ = 4 ,
= = 1 .
46.
( ),
~ (),

.__________

~ = = ^ = 647. () .
, ------ =

'

2. ,

109

. . 47

48.

. . 48

(). ------- = .

4
= = , = - , . = , = .
- = /2 = 3\/2.

49.

1)(

(), = ,

= 12

50.

~~

.
2 = 2 +

= 2 +

= '
(

) = 0 ,

- [ 2 -

= 2.

2. ,
2.1

51.

^)

) 3; ) 6 ; ) 10; ) 28; ) ------ --------.

52.

) ; )

= \ ) ,
, ;
; = = .
6 5
53. -------- 2 -3 = 9. 54. ) 9; ) 12; ) 15. 55. 13 . 56. )
; ) . 57. .
, . , , .
58. ) 455;
) 1140; ) 4060.
59. ) 8 ; ) 10; ) 6 .
60. 45. 62. )
; ) ; ) , ,
, , ; )

110

, , , ;
) ;
, , , .
63. ;
<
;
= .
64. .
65. ) ).
6 6 . ) ; ) .
67. ) ; )
- ,
.
6 8 . | .
69. || .
70. X ,
- .
, .
71.
, || .
72. ) \ X ,
\ ).
\ \ \ \ \. ) || \ \
\ \ \\. \
: \ \ 0 0 \ \ .
73. ) , \, \, \\-, ) ,

75. ) , (
) .
) || ( )
( ). ) /3 (
= /3) /3 . 76.
) ). 77. ) : \\, \ . ) ,
\ \ . ) , , \ \
\\. ) , ,
: \ \. ) , ,
0 \ 0 \ , 7 . ) : ,
, \ , , \, \ . 78. ), ) ).
2.2
79. ) ; ) ; ) ; ) ;
) . 80. : ) || ; &)'_. 81. ) = 1 0 ;
) = 13 .

45

'
. . 83

. . 84

. . 90

2. ,

111

83.

) = ! ' = 24 (), '' = =


__________
'
V 2 2 = 32 . ) = - = 35 . ) ' =
\

'2 = 28 .
4 / 2 , ' = 4 ;

84. ) = 8 , ' = 4 \/ (); ) =


) = ^ , ' = ^ .

85. ) 13 ;

) \/265. 86. ) 30; ) 60. 87. / : -/2 : 1. 88. ^ 2. 89. ) 7;


) 5 . 90. ) !' ' = ' + ' = 4 '' = ,
= ' = 5 (); ) = 13 ; ) = 17. 91. )
\ ) ; ) \ ) ; ) ; ) .

2.3
92. ) , 15; ) , 28. 93.
8 . 8, 8, 8
3 0 0 , .
= /.2 + 2 = 20 , = 10 , 8 0 = /2 2 = 24 .
94. \/.

95. 4 .

96. , 0 . , ,
, , . : 3 + 3 - 4 + 1 = 16.
, <5 .
, , , . : 2 + 9 = 11.
( 1)( 2)

97. ^ ^ ^
1- 2- 3

98.

= 35 ( - 1)( - 2) = 14 15, = 16.

16-15

120 .

99. ,
8 , . 100. ()
' = \ ( ' + ') = 6 , ' = \ 1 )0 ' = 4 .

. . 100

112

101. ) , ,
, ( ^ 3). ) , \, \
, \, \
\ (IV , N ).
102. ) IV' N .
{ } = ' (). +
. + = + 7 =
' < + ./V' = + ) ' N
. { } = 7 7.

3.

3.1
104.

) 1;' ) 2; ) 3; ) 23.

. , 1
)

) ;

18
) .

105. )

6;

) ;

) - ;

107. ) ).

108. )

). 109. ) ). 111. ) = 2,
= 2 , . , .
) = 1, = 1
. . ) . 112 .
9.
3 3. 113. ), ) ). 114.
. 115. ) = 12/3; ) = / 2 - = 4; ) = 12/3. 116. ) = 5;
) = 8 . 117. ).

118.

) - ; ) 6 ; ) - 1 ;

) = 2.

) 1; )

10

119. ) = 1; ) = 2; ) = 2;

120. ) = 4; ) = 1; ) = 0;
4

) = =

) = 1.

121. ) = ; ) = 7; ) = 1; ) =
122. ) + 3 = - 2 ( 1 - )

4
= 5; ) = 1; ) = 1; ) = 4; ) ; ) = 1 .
123. ) / 3 2 + 12 = 2,5 + 7,5,
= 9; ) = 1; ) ; ) = 7.
124. )
5 5 (2 5) = 20, .
5 2 + 5 = 20, = 5; ) = 0; ) = 3; ) = 0; ) = 0;
.

_ 43

) ~ ~ -

125. ) 6

+ 3 2(2 1) =

6 (1

), 4 = 0 =

0; ) = 0;) = 3,7;

3.

12

) 25! ) = 9; ) = 12; ) .
) = 11.

127. )

1
2

113
126. ) 6 ; ) = 7;

57
) = 7; ) ; ) = .
20

128.

) = 1 : = 1; ) = 3 = 1; ) = ^ = 2;
1
3
) =
3; ) = 2 = 1 = 1; ) = 1 = 2
= 3. 129. ) 1; ) = 1; ) = 2; ) = 1 = 2; )
; ) = 3 2 = 5. 130. )
: (2 -1 + + 1 ) ( 2 - 1 - - 1 ) = 0, . (-2 ) = 0.
= 0 = 2. ) \ = 6, = -;
5
) = 2; ) = 2,5; ) ; ) ;
5
7
) /= 1. 131. ) = - ; ) = 2,5; ) = - ; ) = 12. 132. ) = 3;
6

) = 1; ) .

133. ) = 2; )

1
) = 2; )
15

2.

134. ) = 2. = 2
2( 3) + + 1 = 5, = 0; ) = 3, = 0; ) = 1,
19
= 5; ) = ,
135. ) = 2, = 3; ) = 2, = 3.
7
70'
136. ) = 10 4, =

) = 2, = = 2. 137. ) -3 , -2 , -1 0;

) -3 , -2 , -1 , 0 1; ) ; ) 0. 138. ) |2 - 3| = 3,
2 3 = 3 2 3 = 3. : \ = 3, 2 = 0; ) \ = 1, 2 =
5; ) 1:2= 2 ; ) ; ) = 2, 2 = 4; ) = - ; ) ;
) XI

13

139. ) < 1 > 1 .

1 < < 1; ) ^ = 1, 2 =
--.

140. ) 2/( 2)2 = , .

2| 2| = . : 1 ^ 2: 2 4 = , = 4;
4
2 < 2: 4 2 = , 2 = - ; ) = 5; ) = 21, 2 = 3.

141.

\ / ( 2)2
| 2| |2 3| = 1. :
1 <

3
:

+ 2 + 2 + 3 1, \ = 6;

2 - - < < 2: - + 2 - 2 - 3 = -1 , 2 = 0;

(2 + )2 = 1, .

114

3 ^ 2: 2 2 3 = 1, = 4 .
, = 6 = 0.

3.2
142.

215, 216, 217, 218.

50 49.

143. ( + I ) 2 2 = 99; = 49;

144. 83 84.

2 + 3 + 7

145. +

~ + 5 = = 30.

146.

= 1, = 42.

147.

. + 12 = 3 ( 6 ),
2

= 15. 148. - + 23 = = 230. 149. 18. 150.


5
2
3

+ 112 = - = 560. 151. 28 + = 4(4 + ) = 4.

10

152. 10 .
153. 6 .
3 _|_
2
15/. 156. = = 5
= 23.

158.

7+
2 2

154. .
157.

, 11-------

12 -

155. 12/

12

11

+ 2 + 2 + 2 = 33 = 7,
10 10 + 6 + 7

159.

14, 16 18.

= 19 = 21. 160.
13
( + 1) + 38 = ( + 2 )( + 3) = 8. : 8 , 9, 1 0 1 1 .

161. + ( + 1 ) + ( +2) + (;+3) + (:+4) +


( + 5) = 6 + 15. 6 + 15 = 9, = - 1 = { 1 , 0,1, 2 ,3 ,4 },
6 + 15 = - 3 , = - 3 = { - 3 , - 2 , - 1 , 0,1, 2, 3}
= { 1,0,1, 2).

^ + ^ + + ^

162. - + 4 =

= 28.

2
2
166. 4 I
,
5
5
3240 .
168.

.
.
=
48
1 2 4 5 + 1 7 , 5

171.

173. - - - ' 1 0 +
11

1/10

165. ^ 0,8 + 5 +
= 44 .

6 = ;

= 35 .

167. | + | |> + 720 =


3 .
1
< + , . 1 = 1 - . ,
13 52,5 .

36 =
'

163.

164.

18( + 5) = 21 6 , = 32.

18 (32 + 5) = 666 .

170. 600 .

= 28.

1/12

5 + I = 2 =

169. 2 .

= 18 .

172. 54.

3.

115

174.
10 + 4. ,
(10 + 4) - 9 = 10 4_+ , = 5. 54.'
175. 4 = 10 + 4 ( ).
4 = 2-4+16, . 40000+ = 2-(10+4)+16, = 2104.
21044.

176. . =
+ ^
7
25
= 147 . 75,6 / .
177. .
= 3( 30) + 3( 25), = 33. , , 33 ,
3, 8. 178. ( + 150)-4 = 150-12 = 300 . 179.
, 0,8 = 0,6( + 12),
= 36.

180. 60 + 90(10 ) = 80 10 = 110 ; = 1


3
3
181. 9 4 . 182. 52 + ( I)2 = 2 = 13 . 183.
8
( + 4) 6
2 ----- ^----- = 12 , = 48 2. 184. 42 + ( - 2 ) 2 =

2 = 5 . 185.

_ ( + 2)(
2

1) +6 = 5 ,

5 8 . 186. 3 = ( - 2)( + 2) + 20
= 5 . 187. 72 + 2 = ( + I)2 = 24
188.

1,5 + 2,1(32 ) 1,65-32, 24. , 24^


30
8 . 189. 1. 190. ^,
3
4
. 1,5 = - (1,5 ) - = 0,25 .

191.

1 1 1 1
10 + 12 + ~ 4 = 15 . 192. 8 12 . 193. 48 20.
194. 1 ,
120 . 401 + 501 = 120 1 = . ,
160

, .
. 20:.

195. - - - = 1 + -

196. 182 .
3.3

197. : ), ) ). 198. : ), ).
199. ) -3 , - 2 -1 ; ) ; ) - 3 -2 ; ) 3 4; ) -2 , -1 , 0, 1 2;
) 4. 200. ) > -1 ; ) % 0. 201. ) { - 3 ,- 2 ,- 1 } ; ) {-3, -2 ,-1 } .
202. ) < 1; ) < 2; ) -3 ;
) >12; ) < 5 .

203. ) ^

) (- , - ; ) (-,4).

) >
) < .

) > -2;

) <

204. ) 0; ) (-,

205. ) 1, 2, 3, 4; ) 1, 2; ) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. 206. 13.

116

207.

208.

) { 1 , 2, 3, 4 } ;

) { 1 , 2 , 3 , . . . } .

1
< < 2;
3

) -

209.

) < 2;

) 5 < <

2
3

6)

{ 1, 2 , 3 } ;

) > 1;

) >

210.

) > 4.

) 6 { 1 , 2 , 3 , . . . } ;
7

) < 2;

) > 3;
) > 6 ;

) > 3. 211. ) > 3; ) > 6 ; ) > 2 . 212. ) > 4; ) > 2 ;


) > 0; ) > 1,2; ) ^ 3.
213. ) ' ^ 3; ) > 1; ) ;
1
4
) ^ 11. 214. ) > 2; ) > ; ) < - ; ) < 2. 215. = 1.

216.

2.

/^2,5
. . 217

217.

) . . 2,5 < < 2;

) ;

) 5 ^ ^ 7;

) -

^ ^ 0;

) ^ 50.

218. ) -

[5 ,+),
( , 17/3).
6 ( , 17/3) [5, +) = [5,17/3). ) 6 [1/2,+) ( , 4) = [1/2,4);
) ( , 2/55)[2/55, +) = 0 , . ; ) 6 ( , 9/4)
[ 2, +) = [-2 ,9 / 4 ); ) ( - , -1 / 3 5 ) [-6 7 / 4 ,+) = [ 67/4, 1/35);
) 6 [7/39,+) (- ,2 [ = [7/39,2].
219. ) = 1; ) 6 { 2, 1,0};
) { 2 , 3,4}; )
1.

220. ) 2 ^ < 2; ) < 3 > 3. 221. )


1 ^ 2
1 , 1 ^ ^ 3;
) 1 < ^ 0; ) 3 > 5 3 < 5, . ( , 2) ( 8 , +);
) ( , 3/5] 1 [1,+); ) ( , 1/6] 1 [3/2,+); ) 6 (2.3).
222. ) ^ 1 : 2 + 1 > 5, > 2. < 1
2 + 1 > 5, . > 4; ,
< 1. ,
> 2. ) 6 ( 4/3,0); ) [ 3,5]; ) (5/3,3); ) = 2.
223. {4,6 , 8 , 10}. I) + { 6 , 9 , 12,15}. 224. 3 < 2 - 5 < 17; 4 < < 11.
225. / <

226.

"7

>

123 .

3.4
227.
8 0 .

) 1 ; 2 ; 3 0 ; 4 { 3} ; 5 (1/2,4); 6 (1/2,4]; 7 [3,4);


228. : ), ), ) ).
229. ).

3.

117

230. ) = 8; ) = 6; ) = /2; ) 2.
2

) ?! = ,
233.

2.

231. ) \ = 0, 2 = 2;

232. ), ) .

- 1994
- 1995 , - 1996
- 1997
- 1998
6------- 1 + 5---------1 1
4------- 1 + ^
-------- 1 + 2-------- 1
__ - 6
5
4
3
2
1994 ~ + 1995~ + 1996 _ + 1997 + 1998
- 2000 - 2000 - 2000 - 2000 - 2000
6
+
5
+
4
+ -----3---- + ^ -----_ _ - 2000
- 2000 - 2000 ( - 2000 2000
1994 4 1995
4
1996 1 1997 + 1998
{ - 2000) ("1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 1---------1---------1--------- \6
5 4 3 2 1994 1995 1996 1997
2000 = 0, = 2000. 234. 18.
235.

35

35 -

/2

X
, (35) = 35 ,
= 20. , 20, 15 .
236.

4 + 1

+ 1

4 + 1 + 2 + 1 = 20 = 3. 6 .
237.

118

44

( 44
V

------ )

2 2 \44 -------

2)

44

= 2 -2

44 I - -

= 24. , 24, 20 .
238.
) ^
. 45+
12 . 12 = + 45,
45
45
1
9
, . 45 + = 49 . ) 21
'11
11
. 239. 6 .
720
, ------ .

240.

( - 3 )

720

40

720,

54

3, . ( 3) = 54 = 9 6 ,

( !) = 9.
241.

/ .

300

300

+ 15

= 1 (+15)

4500 = 60 75, = /.
242. 1 4 / + 18,
21 / . 2 + 18. 2 + 18 =
( + 18

16
^
+ ) = 27, 2
2 7 + 18 = 72 .
243.

6+


3+

10
10

3 ------------ ,
10

3+
3+

10

6+

10

+6

10

= 243. 27 , .

3.

244.

119

, .

'5

, , . ,

20 - = 30, I- = = + =
2

20
30
12
1 2 .

245.

, 300 .
45

20
------- 1 .
300

- 5
= (300 - ) ,
300

. 9 2 = 4(300 ) 2 . = 2(300 ) = -2 (3 0 0 ).
= 120 (300 = 180), .
, 120, 180 .
246.
) : : 1 < 2, 2 2 < < 1
3 ^ 1. : (9/2, +); ) ( , 2) 1 (5, +).
247.

) \ 1| + | 3| ^ + 2. : < 1 1 + 3 + 2,

- - 1 ^ < 3 1 + 3 > + 2 , . < 0 ,


. ^ 3 - 1 + - 3 > + 2, . ^ 6 . ,
( , 2/3] 1 [6 , +).
) - 2 ^ < 5.
248.

) : 12 5 > 0 1 > 0; 2 2 5 < 0


5
5
5
1 < 0. > - > 1, . > - , < -
< 1, . < 1. ( , 1) (5/2,+).
) ( 2 , 3); ) ( , 1 / 2 ) [3, +); ) 6 ( 2 , 1 ].

249.

2 5
) ---------------- 1 > 0, .
+ 3

8
-- ^ 0.

1 ^ 8 , > 3;

2 ^ 8 , <

3. ( , 3) [8 , +). ) [ 1,4);
) 6 ( , 2] (5/2, +); ) 6 ( , 1) ( (1,2) (5, +); ) (1/2,1).

120
250.

0 2

~ ) _ 2
( + 2)

5 ( - 1 ) - 2 ( + 2)
5( + 2)

<

0 , .

3( - 3)

^
^ 0. 3 ' 0 + 2, < 0 ,
5( + 2)
3 ^ 0 + 2 > 0 . , , ( 2,0) 1 (0,3]
( 1 ^ 0 ). ) ~

' ': < 8 , 6 ( , 3) 1 (3,4) 1 (5, +).

251.
) ( 1) 5= 0, 6 ( , 0] [1, +); ) [ 1,0) [1, +); )
[ - 1 , 0) 1 [1, +); ) 6 ( , 0) 1 (1, +); ) < 1.
252.
) /= 13 113 \ < 6 , .
6 < ~ 13 < 6 , 7 < < 19. ,
(7,13) (13,19); ) 6 (- , 3) (3, 5) (9, +).

253. ) (, 9/7)(1, +); ) 6 (2,4/3); ) (, 4/3)(8, +);


) 6 (-2 , 0) (1,4); ) 6 (3,4].
254. ) 4, = 2. , (2)2 ^ 0,
( 2)2 + 4 ? 4; ) 2 2 + 4 = ( I)2 + 3,
1
3
3 = 1; ) 5 = ; ) 0,001 = - .
255.

) 0, = 1; ) 3, = - ;

) 2 + 6 10 = ~ ( )2 1, 1, = 3;
)

256.
)

= 4.
) + > 2 +=+

^

" 2 <=> ? + 62 > 2 <=> ( 6)2 ^ 0;

+=+ + 6 ^ 2\/ <=> (/ /)2 ^ 0,

257. ) 2 + 2 + 2 ^ + + +=> 22 + 2 2 + 2 2 : 2 + 2 + 2 <=+


2 ~ 2 + 2 + 2 ~ 2 + 2 + 2 2 + 2 > 0 <++> ( ) 2 + ( ~ )2 + ( ) 2 > 0 .
258. ) ( + I ) 2 + 1 > 0,
; ) ( 2 ) 2 + 2 > 0 ; ) ( ) 2 + 2 > 0 ;

) ( + ^ ) +

>

) -( - I)2 - 1 < 0.

4.

259.

121

. + =

6 ,

, )

) > ^----, . \/2 + , \/2 ^ + 6,

V2 1
. 2(2 + 62) ^ 2 + 2 + 62.

4.


4.1

260. = 1 6 \/2 2, = 9 6 2, V" = 6 4 3.


261. ) = 2 , =
24 2, V = 8 3; ) = , = 5 4 2, = 27 3. 262. = 4 ,
= 9 6 2, = 6 4 3. 263. )
(). \2 = 2\ /2 = 64\/2,
= 8 . = 62 = 384 2, V = 3 = 512 3.
) = 5 4 2, V = 27 3. 264. 2 : ,2/2 = 1 : \ .

. . 263

265.

().

. = \2, =

2../ 3.
2\
2

266. ) & = \/2 + 62 + 2 = 7 , = 2( + 6 + ) = 72 2;

) <6 ? 29 , = 1464 2.

267. 2 6 2.

268. 7 , 210 3.

269. V

200 150 25 6 3 = 750 0001, ^ = ^ 750 0001 = 450 0001 = 4500 1. 270. 2,5
5
5
. 271. V = 3,5 4 5 = 70 3 = 70 0001. 272.
4,8 4 + (4 3 + 4,8 3) 2 - 2 1,5 - 2,2 1 = 66,8 2.
!
273. ) ; ) 11. 274. = 1602, V = 1283. 275. = 12,
V = 432 3.
276. = 264 2, V = 288 3.
277. = 12, =
4 ,5\/2, = 27(3 + 8^2) 2, V = 4863. 278. = 1702, V = 1503.
V
279. = = 15 , = 2 + 4 = 608 2. 280. = 12<1, = 174 ,

122

= 336!2. 281. = 276 2, V = 360 3. 282. ) = + 2,


2 = 22 = 50 2, = 5 . = = 6 ,
V = = 150 3. ) = 4 , V = 16 3. 283. 22. 284.
2 = 22 + 2 = 2 + 2, 2 = 2 2 = 6, = V 2 = 0,5 ,
= 22 + 4+/ = 2(6 + /) 2, V = 2 = 3.
285.

) = 18(/ 3 + 8) 2, V = 72/3; ) = 198/32, V =


3
9
216\/3. 286. = -(6 + \/3) 2, V = - 3. 287. 2 . 288. = 4 ,
2
4
= 8 .
289. ) = 4 ; ) = (8\/3 + -60) 2. 290. = 12 ,
291. = 10, = 10,
= 386,5 2.
292. = 8 , = 32( + 6 ) 2, V = 128\/3.
293. = 8 , = 16(2\/3 + 1 5 )2. 294. = 22\/, V = 53463.
295. = 6 , = 18(\/5 + 8) 2, V = 7 2 \/ 3. 296. V = 216\/3.
297. = 18(\/3 + 8) 2, V = 7 2 \/ 3.
298. 50(\/3 + 6) 2,
V ~ 432,5 3. 299. 10, V ~ 160\/3. 300. = 8 , =
9) 2. 301. = 18(\/3 + 24) 2, V = ^ ^ 3. 302. V = ^ ^ 3,
3\/3 3
= = 0,865 / 3. 303. II = , =
4
304. = = 15, = 6482, V = 8103. 305. 6 = 15 , = ,
V = 8100 3. 306. = 336 2, V = 288 3. 307. 6 = 5 , = 184 2,
V = 120 3. 308. & = 80 , = 89 , = 80 , = 19 7602, V =
124800 3. 309. = 3(24 + 11\/3) 2, V = 6 \/ 3. 310. = (192 +
128\/3) 2, V = 192\/3. 311. = 8(11\/3 + 12) 2, V = 96\^53.
312. 2 = 2 + &2 = 576 + 100 = 676, = \/76 = 26 .
= 2 + = 2- ^ + ( + 6 + ) = + ( + 6 + ) = 1800 2,
= = 3120 3.
313, = 36(3\/3 + 8 ) 2, V = 4 3 2 \/^3. 314. V = 121,5 3. 315. =
4 , = 24(2\/3 + 15) 2, = 3 6 0 ^ 3.
316. = 3(\/3 + 16) 2,
= 1 2 \/3. 317. ) , 12(\/3 + 6) 2; ) = , =
36(3\/3+ 10) 2. 318. ) 14,4 , ^ 3,3 , V 1787,7 3; )
6,54, V ~ 1086,1 6 3.
319. : = 3 : 1, = 3, = 4 , =
48(\/3 + 6) 2, V = 2883. 320. = 75(4+ \/3 ) 2, ~ 1816,58321. V = 6^

33631,2<43 (1).

322. = (75\/3 + 240) 2,

1402,96. 323. = 5 , = 1 0\/ (), = 375\/32, = 11253.


324. = 5 (), =
V = 1500 3.

, = 10/3, = 100(\/3 + 6) 2,

4.

123

\
/

/ 1
1

/|

;
60

N
7

/
/
\

. . 323

/0^

. . 324

325.

) = 4 , = 16(\/3 + 10) 2, V = 80%/3; 6) = ^ = 2 ,

1762,

+ =

326. )
V =

8 0 3; ) = 4 ,

= 192/22, V = 160\/23.

= 10 , = 2 + = 2-

+ 42 = 5922,

= ^ 2 = 960 3. ) = 5 , = 148 2, V = 120 3.

327. = 6,5 , = 320 2, V = 300 3. 328. = 4(47 + 5\/2) 2, V =


140 3. 329. = = 7 , = 4 , = 224 2, V = 196 3. 330.
=
8 , = 12 , V = 288 3. 331.
= 24 , = 30 , = 1800 2,
V = 3600 3. 332. = 12 , = 16 , V = 3072 3. 333. =
20 , = 9 , = 192 2, = 906 2, V = 1728 3. 334. 35200 3.
335. 3. 336. ) 4; ) 0; ) 10. 337. ) 6;
6)8; ) 20. 338. ) ).
) 32\/3 + 66.
V = 864 3.

339. ) ^

+3&; )22+4;

340. , = 648 2,
2\/

\/
2 \/
341. ) =

, = 22 1 +
~2

3 /
V =
=

) = 2, = /2, = 22(1 +

2 / 2 ) ,

V = 3/2; ) = 2\/2,

= \/6, = 22(1 + 2\/), V = 3\/.


4.2

342.

\ =

4
V

110 / 90

99

) =
,
00 )
100

0,993.

343. \

().


/ 2
\/3 7
.
3

--- - , = 7 ../-

= 62 = 441 2.

124

. . 343

344.

. . 352

14 = ----- = 5 , V = = 70 3.
2
2{ + )
345. [2 ,
.
: =

= 2 .

2 + 2
2 =
2
/2 + 2
=
= 4. = 2^/2 + 2.
2
12 + 2

= * 2 = ,
2 +<?2
42

346. , 6, , I), , ,

2 + &2 = 15, 62 + 2 = 481, 2 + 2 = 544,


2(2 + &2 + 2) = 1250, 2 = ? + 62 + 2 = 625, = 25.

347.

= ~~\/3 = 2 \/3 , 6 =
= 2 , = ~ = , 1/ = =
2
2

3
16 3. 348. = 1504 2, V = 3840 3.

349. = 12, 6 = 36, = 48


222 = 20 736, = 144, =
12 , = 4 5 = 3 . = \/ 2 + 62 + 2 = 13 .

350.

, : : = 4 : 3 : 1, - =
3
_ 3 _ 12 .

~ | = = , = 12, 6 = 4, = 3.

2 = 2 + 62 + 2, : = 6, = 72, 6 = 24, = 18,


= 2( + 6 + ) = 6912 2 = = 31104 3.

351.
2 . 2 + 4 = 2 2 = 1 = 3 , = 4 ,
= 24(3 + 2-^3) 2 V = 7 2 \/ 3.

5.

352.

125

()
\ = - 2 +

= ( / )2 + 2 = 2 = 4 ,

^ 2 = 8 2. 353. V = 6 3.
354.

3
3
(1 = /3 , = 1, = - 2\/3 = - \ / 2, = 2 = 2 ,

= 2 + 6 = 3(\/3 + 4) 2 V = = 3 \/3 3.

5.
5.1
355. (II). 356. 9 . 357. ) = 13; ) =
2; ) = 400 3. 358. ) = 6 , = 216 2, V = 162 3; ) =
12 , = 270^3 2, V = 3; ) = 8 , = 2 /1 , = 336 2,
V = 9 6 /7 3; ) = 10 , = 2, V = 4003. 359. ) 7,4,
175
^ 99 2, V = 3; ) = 17 , = 8002, V = 12803; ) =
1

16, = 15362, V = 3072 3.

360. = 32(2 + /5 ) 2, V = - 3.

361. = 2 / 7 , = - = 4 /1 4 2.

362. = = 4 , = 2 /2 ,

= 2 \/ , V = ~ ~ 113. 363. <1= 16 , = 8 \/2 , V = 1280 3.

364.

) 2 + 4 ~ = 96 = 5 , = / 5 2 2 =
2
4 , V = = 48 3; ) = 8 , = 2 \/7 , V = 9 6 \/7 3.
365. = 16 , = 17, = 800 2. 366. = 576 2, V = 512 3.
367. = 10 , II = , = 5762, V = 5123. 368. 2 + 2 =
( + I)2 = 4 , = + 1 = 5 , = 96 2, V = 48 3.
369. = - = 5 , 8 = 5^2 , = 25 2.
8 \/2 , =

370. 6 = / 2 =

= 4 \/ = \/ 2 , V = ^ / ^ 3,

= 16(4 + /112) 2. 371. = = , = 3 \/3 , = 36(1 + / 3 ) 2,


V = 6 \/2 3. 372. = 22(1 + / 3 ) 21,86 2. 373.
. = 8,4 , = 43,68 2. 374. = 4,56 .

126

"
375.
V = 192 3. 376. = = 4 . 2 + 26 = 14
= 4 6 = , V = 16 3. 377. )
(1 = \/2 + 2 = 30 ,
, , 2 = 252 152 = 400, .
= 20 . V = -& = 2800 3. ) <1 = 10 , =
12 , V = 192 3; ) <1= , = 8 , V = 11523.

378. = 20,

= 13 , = + + = 936 2, V = ^ = 1280 3.
10 , 5 = 12,5 . 380. = = 13, V = 130/33.
= 936 2, V = 1280 3.

379. =

381. II = 12,

382.
) = 26 , = 300\/32, = 780/32, = ^ 2,
V = 2400-/3 3; ) = 12/3 (1 + / 2, V = 3 2 \/3 3; ) = 72 2,
V = 6 \/ 3; ) = 270\/ 2, V = 00/33.
383. )
= ^2

2^3

4 + 3~
= 9(\/3 + 4 ) 2,

4.

2
=

\/13, V =

~ = /393. ) = 11 ,

= 18(2 +13 \/) 2, V = 132\/33. 384. 10,2 .


385. =
6 \/3 , = 4 , = 7 2 \/ 2, V = 6 \/ 3. 386. = , = /13,
= 9(\/3 + 4) 2, V = 3 \/3 9 3.
387. = 7 2 \/ 2, V = 6 \/ 3.
131
388. = 8 , = '
, = 7 .
389. = 5,68 , 5 = 6,94 .
390.

\/ 47
24

391. =

2
2
-
- 45 , - =
3

3 \/3 . - / = ,
V

12

394. V

2
3\ / 3
12

= 18 3.
18\^3.

392. V

12

= 18 3.

393. = 9 .

395. .

2 ~ ^/, = 2 . =

+ 3~

= 9 \/ 2..

396. )
2\/3 ,
32\/3
,

, = 2 ^,
4
' 3~ -2 = ) = 3
2
2

= (2 + ).
397. = 10\/2, 8 = 10 , =
= 150 2.
398. : = 1: 4.

5.

399.

) 6 = = , = 4 / 3 = 36/32.

6) = , = 9 \/ 2.

400. = 4 .

402. = 225/32, =
3\/2
12

405.

127

3.

401. = 10,
403. =

. 404. = 4 \/3 = 2\/3 = - /2\/3,

= \/2 2 = 10/2 , = ^/2


(/2 -

\/
~3~

250/2

= 2\/3, =

71'

= 2 0 /6 , = 600/3 (1 +

2 /2 ) 2, = 6000/7 3. 406. = 192/3 (2 + / 7 ) 2, = 1 5 3 /3 3.


407. = 5 4 / 3. 408. = 4 , = 5 , = 1 8 / 2, = 3 0 / 3 2,
= 4 8 / 2. 409. = 4 8 / 2, = 2 4 / 3. 410. = 1 9 2 / 2,
= 1 9 2 /3 3. 411. ) = 1 9 2 / 2, = 1 9 2 / 3; ) = 6 0 0 / 2,
2

= 4 8 0 / 3. 412. = - = 1 8 / 2. ) 6 ^ - / 3 = 1 8 / 3
2

= 2 /3 . ) 6 - = 3 0 /3 /1 = 5 , = ^//2 ~ ^7/^
4 . ) V = - = 2 4 /3 3.

413. = 4 , / = 5 , = 4 8 / 2.

414.
.
. 60, = 2 = . ,

. / 3 = = 2 / .
3
= - ( / 3 + 2) = 5 4 / 2. 415. = 2 (/3 + / 2 - 2) = 6 (/3 +
/ 8 ) 2.

416. V = 5 4 / 3.

779,1228.

417. = 1 6 2 / 2, V = 1 6 2 / 3, =

418. =

/ + 2

/6 5 1

12,76 , = 6 / 3 + 6 /

256,35 2. V =

1
2
- 6 - / 3 = 1 5 0 / 3, = 750/3.
420. V = 3 2 / 3.
= 32 2.

421. = 72/3(1 + / 2 ) 2.

419. = 1 2 /2 2.
422. = 9 /3 2,

5.2
423. 60,
, ()

128

8 , V =
= 15 , = 15 .
,
1
256 ,
V = ~2 = 3,

~^

=9 6 \/3 3. 424.

= ~ = 7,5 ,

425. V = 80 3.
426. = 8 , = 4 ,

= 2 + 4 | ^ + ( )
= 64(1 + 2)2.

427. | 2. 428. = , = ^/, = 2 + 2, = 2, V = - 2 =


2
2
3
6
429. \ 9 , 2 = 9\/3 ,
V = 162\/3.
430. = 2 6 0 2. 100 : = 75 : 260
347 2 .
431. V = 60 3.
432. = 1 2 / 3.
2
433. ) = (3 + /3); ) V) : 2 = 1 : 5.
434. ) = 45, =
256
(64 + 6\/2) 2, V = 3; = 30, = (48 + 64\/3) 2, V = 64 3;
256
= 60, = 64 2, V = 3. ) = 45, = (16 + 1 6 \/3 )2,
V =

3; = 30, = ^ 16+

/9 2
I/ 16

3; = 60,

3.

(20
10

= (16 + 16\/7) 2, =

2, V =

= , \ = \/2 , = \/ 2 (). ; ( - ) =
4 _ 4
& <
\ \/2 /
\
\/2
.

2 : ( ), : I - - = :
=

435.

012
. . 435

436.

. . 437

= 4 = 2 = 30. / =

+ 2,

.
2
/7 \2 4 5
5
- , = I ) + - 2 = - - = 30,
9
.
1
= 36, . = = 4 , V = - 2 = 48 3.

5.

437.

129

() \ = 90

9 2
, =
9 = 5, ,
1

10

2+

= 7,5 = \ 2 +

= 2

~~2

^
* 2~

= 6,5 ,

= 192 2.

438.
2 = 4\/5, =
\/32 + 42 = 5 62 = \ (2)2 + 42 = 6 .
439.

, = 2 = 24 = 360 2. ,

= 15 . , , =
\ = ^/2, V = \ = 900 3.
440.


- \/3

(). = 60,
/
30 60, = ~ = 2 . 441.

6 =
1
^

8
= 3 ' 418.

= = 3, = = 3

= 2 \/2 .
*
442. = 8 , = = 48 ,

443. = /3 .

444. V = 48 3, =

6(11 + \/14/2) 2.

445. ().
' + , ' = 45 ' = , ' = 90.

130

3

= ^ = 2 3.
4

32

446.
,
6

= /2 = -\ / 3 /2 =

= / ().


- \ / 5 2,

447.
448.

=(2 + 5)2.

\/2

2\/3

. 4 , 8 21),
, , , :

3,
449. =

450.

8 - ^ = 2 2\/3,

20-

2^3

= 52\/3.

3&

12\/ 462

-/3, = \/.

(. 403)

3\ / 2

= --------- = \ / .
12

6.
6.1
451.
: ), ), ) ).
7/(1) = 4, (2) = 7, 2/(3) = 10. :

452. ) ( 1) =

-1

-2

10

-2, 2/(0) = 1,

6.

453.

131

) : =

+ ' : { - 2) = 3, (0) =

3

X

-2

1 /2

5 /3

5 /3

4 /3

5 /9

454. ) -3 ; ) -1 ; ) -5 ; ) 2 -1 ; ) 4 -5 ; ) / ( - 7 ) = -17; ) /(/(* )) =


/{2 3) = 2{23)3 = 49. 455. : ) = 0
4 _
/(0) = 1; ) = -1 , / ( - 1 ) = - - + 1 =
) =
^
5
5= 47 + ! = +
5 1;
4 /5

) = -4 1, /

- 1 = -

1 1+1

5 V4

) 0 -1 ; ) 0

) ~

+ . 456. )

1; ) 0 =

457. . . : ), ),

) .
)

II

=0

=-2
-2

II
X

-1

=0

X
3

X
1

. . 457

458.
)

. .
)

132

. . 458

5
459. ) = + 2; ) = 4; ) = -

1 3
) / = 2 + 3; ) 2/ = - + ~.

460. ) 5 - + 6 = 0; ) + = 0; ) 2 - 4 - 3 = 0; ) 5 + 10 - 6 = 0.

10
461. ) = 4 + 2; ) = 2 - 4; ) = - - - . 462. 2. 463. ) =
+ 2. ) (0,2) (4, 0). ) .

464. ).

465. ) = ; ) = 2; ) = ; ) =
2.
466. ) = ; + 1; ) = + 1;
) = I 2; ) = 2 1.
467. ).
468. ) 3; ) 4; ) 2; ) 1. 469. ,
. ,
= ,
.
470.
) = -2 , & = 0; ) = 2, 6 = 0. 471. = 2. 472. (0,-2 ).
473. ) (4,0), (0,-6); ) (-5 ,0 ), (0,-2).
474. ) = + .
- 3 = 4- 0 + 0 = + = 3, = 3,
= - 3. ) = | - 2; ) = 1.

475. ).

476. ).

477.

, . 478. ) 12 = 2 + 14
1
3
= 1; ) = ; ) = 1; ) = 5. 479. = - + 6
5

1
- 1 .
2/- (0,6), = - + 6. 480. ) = 0; )
481. 1 = 2 = 3.
482. ) = + ,
, 2 = 1 + , = 3,
= + 3; ) = 2
~2+
+ 1; ) =
= - ..

483. = -2 .

484.

), ), ), ), . 485. )
5
,
11

7
2 4 > 0, . > 2; ) < - ; ) < -; ) < 5; ) <
I

^
2

486. ) =----- > 0, . 2 < < 3,

6.

133

+ < > ' 6 (_02) (3, +); ) 1 < < 2,


< 1 > 2.
487.

) . . > 2, < 2. ) > 0


1
1
1 < ! !/ < 0 I > - ; ) > 0 < 1; < 0 > 1; ) > 0
1
1
< V < > - .

488. ) (2,1) -

. ) - .
489. ) = 0; ) =

) = - ; = -1 ; ) =
3

/2

-4/
. . 487

490. , 5 = 2 + 3 = 1.
= + 3, . 491.
>1(2,0) (0,4), ,
2 4
- = 4.
492. = 2 2. 493.
-4(3,0), = 2 + 6
6.2

494.

= 2, = 2.

( 1\
5/

495. = .

29
497- 6 = - -

496. ) (0,1); ) (, | ) ; ) (0,-3);

1
3
498. ) < - ; ) > ; ) > 1. 499. ) < 0

< 2, = 0 = 2, > 0 > 2; ) < 0 < -4 , = 0


= 4, > 0 > 4. 500. . 501. ) ); ) ).
502. ) = 4; ) = -1 ; ) &= 3. 503. = 3. 504. ) = 27; ) = 8.
9

505. = - .
2

506. ) = 2 , = 2
= 0. = 2. ( .) )
= + 1 = 2 + 2 = 2.
4 6 = 10 = 4. ) = 3, = 2 .
2 = (4 6) 3 ( 2), = 2.

134

507.

) = 0 -, = 0 -. ) 3 + =
( 12 \
12 - (4, 0) ( = 0), - 5 10, I
( = 0). , + = 1

12

4 ,

"
= 4 = 4.

12
=

6,

508. () = + = 1, () = 2, = 0,
( ) = 1, : 2 = + 1 = , = 1, = 1. 509. =
2 5. 510. = ,
3
511. ) = + (2,0) 5(1,3).
= + = 3, = 6.
) (2,0) 5(0,1), = , = 1. ) = 1,5.
3
512. ) = 2; ) 0 = - ; ) = 4.
5
514. 3 =
/

3
513. (2, 2); 6 = - .
2

( 1) 1 4 + 1 = 1. 515. / ^ = + 1,
+ !, /(2) = 4 + 1, /(/( )) = 2 + 1) = 4 + 3.

516.

) = 1. ) = - + 3 -

(4,0) 5(0,3). = = 6.
4
21
517. ) : 1 = 2 = 1; ) = ; ) = ; )
/(2 + 1) = 6 + 2, /() = /(2 + 1) = 1; ) /(/( )) = 9 4,
= 1; ) =

518. (0 ,-2 ) ,

-2 = ( 1) 0 + - ,

11

519. ) 1 = I.

= + 1, /(4) = 2(1 + 1) 3 = 21 1. , ( ) = 2 1.
) () = = +

) () = 5.

520. . .

6.

135

. . 520
6.3
521.

. . =

55
4'

. . 522

522.

~ = 7 ().

524.

- 3 ().

- .

523. = ------ = 5 (. ).

525. = - (). --------- =

136

14 <2 = 4, = 7, (7,0). = + ,
4 = = 71 + = 1, = 7. ,
/ = -? + 7.
526. ) : 1) ^ 0, ^ 0: = ; 2) < 0, / ^ 0: = 0;
3) < 0, < 0: 0 = 0; 4) ^ 0, < 0: = 0 ().

. . 526

527. . .

6.

137

. . 527
528.

) == \2 -

)
1|;
) = | + 3 1;
2,
529. ) / ( ) =
- 2 < < 2, (). ) / ( ) =
1[ - , ^ 2,
< 1/3,
3,
6 + 1,
1/3 < < 1/2,
(). ) / ( ) =
().
2 + 5, 1/2 ; < 4,
^ 4
- ,
1X,

530.

) 8 (3 5) = 8

7*

=7*6=

= 21.
)

= \ - 1| + | + 11
{ /2,
X 1,
< 1/2,
~ 1 < < 1,
1 ~ , ^ 1

= 8 4

8+ 4
2

6; ) 7 * (4 * 3) =

531. . .

1
1

__
1
. . 531

138
532.

2,
2 ,
' - - 1,
> 1,
+ 1,
) = <
< 1;
+ 1,
1,

. . ) =

< ,
\ 2 ,

^ 2,
( + 1,
> 1,
< 2; 6 ) ' 1 1, < -1;
< 1,
1 < < 0,
0 ^ < 1,
1.

. . 532

7.

533. ) 165, 140; ) 20; ) ; )


10 + 25 + 20 + 30 + 20 + 35

20 + 25
= 23,33;
= 22,5.

534. )

<
. 2 + 3+1 + 6 + 5
------------------------ = 3,4, 3. 535. ) . .
)

4 + 4 + 3 + 11 + 6 + !
6

6. ) :

7.

139

VIII! 2 3 \/14 5 \

. . 535

III

IV

. . 536

3, 4, 4, 6, 8, 11.
4+ 6
------ = 5.

536. ) -^(15 + 34 + 8 + 42 + 31 + 75 + 33 + 70 + 33 + 89 + 28 + 80) = = 89,67.


6
6
.
28 + 31
70 + 75 _
103 + 106
) : ---- ----- = 29,5; : ---- ---- = 72,5; : ------------- = 104,5.
&
2
2
) . . ) . .


537. ) 19; ) 8.

VII . VIII . I . II . III . IV .


49
50
106
103
122
108
538. )

2 ------------

-1 0

10
+--------1.; 7 +;.+. 10 = -1 0 0. -2--------\-6 = 100,

7 + 8 + 9 + 10 = -200,

7 + %+ + )
4

= -50. ) = 50.

539. . . 540. I - 198 ; II - 202,4 . 541.


- 3,49; - 3,5. 542. - 4,17; 3,75. 543. 2569,6.
544. . . 545. . .

140

8.

8.1

548. , , (1, 2), (2,1), (3,0), (3 + /3, -/3) .


.
549. ) ; ) .
550. )
; ) ; )
2
1 .2
.
_ ^ = ^ ' ' - 551. )
(5,2). , (5,2)
. , .
) . ) .
552. ) 2 : 2 + 2 12, 2 = 24.
2 + 12 + 24, . = 12, = 1.
= 6 = 10. ,
(4,-10). ) (2,1); ) (3 /2 ,-1 ); ) (4,1); ) (-1,25,6).
553. ) (7,5); ) (1/2,-2); ) ( - 5 ,- 6 ) ; ) (2,9); ) (-10,8); ) (12,0).
554. ) (24,20); ) (6,2); ) (4,5); ) (9,10); ) (10,9).
555. ) (2,3);
) (- 2 ,-3 ) ; ) (12,8).

556. ) (2,3); ) ( 1 |) { ) ( , | ) .

26 - 2
) = 26 2/, = ---------,

26-2
; = 6- ~ ~
= 2(262) = 524. ,
557.

52 = 3, = 7. =

= 4,

(4,7). ) (5,-2); ) (5,2); ) (8,2); ) (2,1).


558. ) (5,1); ) (3,6); ) (4,5); ) (2,1).
559. ) (3,4); ) (-2 5 ,-1 5 );
) (, 2); ) .
560. ) ;
) ( ); )
) (6,1); ) (5,2).

561. ) (7,2); ) (2,-1);

8.

141

562.
)
().
563. ) 1 . . 2 (1,1). ) 2 (2,1).
564. ) . . (2,-1); ) (3,3); ) (1,2).

. . 564

. . 565

565.
, , ().
566. ) ;
; ) - ; ) (5,3).
567. ) (2,-1); ) (0,3); ) (2,0); ) (1/2,4);
) (3,4); ) (1,7); ) (2,1); ) (- 4 ,- 3 ) ; ) (
); ) ( ). 568. ) (2,3);
) (1,2); ) (11/10,1); ) (2,-5); ) ( - 3 ,- 1 ) .

) (

569. ) (4,-1); )

/ 32 27 \
2 , 1 ; ) (5,3). 570. = 12,5, = -12,5,

+ = 0. 571. ) 2 = 12, + 6 = ?>+ 2 7


= 2, = 7, + = 9. ) 21. ) 4. 572. = 0, = 5.
573. = -1 , = -12.

574. ) = 0, = -1 ; ) = -3 , = - ^ ; ) = 5,

= 2; ) = 2, = 3. 575. ) = 2, = 2,
2 4 : 1 = 0, = 3. ) . .
576.

, + = 54, = 20,

= 37,

= 17. 577. 1 2.

578. + = 168 = 6

X
= 6, = 24, = 144.
579. / = 3 = 3
V
9
3
= , = . 580. + / = 4 2 = / + 2 = 32, = 10.

581. . = 2 + 2 + = 2( ) + 8,
. 2 = 2, = 8, = 22, = 10. 582.
= 10 + . + = 13 10 + (10 / + ) = 27,
= 8, = 5.
85.
583. 6 = 166 = 26 + 16
= 316, 6
= 150. 584. 8 .
585. 12 8 . 586. 10 ,
22 , 22 . 587. 5 3 . 588. 2 + 26 = 56 : = 4 : 3
= 16 , 6 = 12 . 589. . 590. 1 2 9 . 591. \+ 2 = 8,
\ 2 = 3; \ = 5,5 , = 2,5 .
592. \ = 2 ,
= 5 , = .
593. , 5 7 . 594. ) 140 40; ) 75 105; ) 80 100.

142

8.2

595. ) : (1,1), (2,0), (3,-1),


(2,4); )
; ) . .
596. ) (/2, /3);
) (/2,/3); ) (/2,1 + /2); ) . 597. ) (2,-3); ) (3,1); ) (-2,3).
598. ) (3,4); ) (6,8); ) (5,1/3).
5 - *>

600.

( 4

> ( ! >

) (-2,5); ) ; ) (3,1); ) (3,2).

602. ) ( ~ , ^ , ) ; ) ( - 2 , > , - ) .
604. ) :

1
+

>

601. ) ; ) .

603. ) (4,4,8); ) (1, -2,3); ) (0,0,2).


-

= 5. 2 6 = 0, 8 + 25 = 1

1
= , 6 = . + = 12, = 6 (9,3).
12
1
1
) (5,1); ) (7,4). 605. ) - = - = 6.

+ 56 = 16, 5 36 = 4. = 6 = 2, = 2

1 1
1
1
2 = = - , ( , ). )
12 ~9
) (5,1); ) (24,36). 606. ) = -3 , = 7; 6) = 2, = -5 ; ) = -2 , = 11.
3
607. ) 2 1 = 0 = 1; ) = - ; ) = 0. 608. )
/ , 12 38/ ,
7.
610. ) ; --

609. 0 = 2, .

= 1 ; ) = ^(5 + ), = | - 5; ) = 2 - | V

= 3 ( - | ) ; ) = ^

12) , = ^(5 + 12).

611. ) = 3.

612. ) () = + 3; ) () = -2 + 4; ) () = - - + 11.

613.

2 + 26 = 18 + 6 = 9. : (8,1), (7,2), (6,3), (5,4),


(4,5), (3,6), (2,7) (1,8).
<
31/I
614.

!5 -
1 . 6,
26 :+, 3 ,
)1 =
, -, > 7 777- 1 +
+ 10
2( + 10)
2 62

, 4

- , . -10. 2 = -10,

143

8.

. &1

02

4
3
3
. - =
= -
2

2
3
. 3 = 10 ^
. ) 1 4
= ,

; 2 = 4 . ) 1 4
; 2 = 4 . ) 1 ^ 6
2
3
; 2 = 6 . ) 1 ,

. , 6 ; 2 = 6 ^ -
; 3 = 6 = - .
615.

,& = 10 + 6. + 6 = 14 106 + =
10 + 6 + 1 8 . = 6, 6 = 8.
616. + = 9, 100 + =
9(10+2/) + 18, = 54. 617. 10+/+8 = 77, 10+ 18 = 10+
= 53. 618. 10 + = 4( + ) + 3, 10 + + + = 28; = 23. 619.
10 +
1
--------- = 5--------- 10+ = 10+ 9 = 5, = 6.
+
+
56. 620. 36.621. + = 225
.

622.

1 - + 1 - = 315 = 90, = 135

252 186. 623. 48 40.

624. ~ ~ .
1

625.

^1 +2 = 70 2>1 = 6(2 ),
= 3 0 / ,
= 4 0 / . 626.
16,8 / , 4 ,2 / . 627. /,
/.
628. 6 = 7 2 62 = ( 6)( + 6) = 385,
+ 6 = 55, = 31, 6 = 24. 629. 1 + = 350, = 2 + 30
= 80, = 270.

630. + = 100, + = 32; = 85 ,


5
= 15 . 631. 204 , 84 . 632. ,
. + 5 = 2( 5) + 5 = 3( 5).
= 11, = 13, + = 24 . 633. 7
30 .
634. 20 , 30 .
635. + = 713,
4
2
- = - ; = 155 , = 558 . 248 .
5
9
636. , 5 + 3 = 6 1 = , = 23, = 4.
637.

379 65 . 638. . 639. = 6,


3
+ 7 = -( + 7) = 17. 640. + = 59, + = 55
+ = 51. 2( + + ) = 165, + + = 82,5.
= 82,5 ( + ) = 23,5,
= 82,5 ( + ) = 27,5 = 82,5 - ( + ) = 31,5 .
641.
5 + 8 = 340, 8 + 5 = 310 = 201, = 301. 642. 600 3 400 3.
643. 1001 451.

144

8.3
644.

) 2 = 3 ( 3),

^, -- '''^ , \ {3}. )
; ) ( - 2, 3) ; ) ^ 1 , - 0 .
21 10& 206 9 \

646.

= - =

645. ) (, - 6); ) ( + 56, - 6);

; ) (2 6, + 4&).

2 _ __^
^ ^ = + 1 +

^
- . ( 1) | 8

(0, -1 ,2 , 3, 5,9, -3 , -7}. = 0, = 1, = - 3 , / = -7 , N 5


(2, 3,5, 9}. 647. ) (2 ,-1 ,-3 ); ) (1 ,-1 , 2); ) (5,6,10).
648. ) : 1 ^ 0, > 0; 2 0, < 0; 3 < 0,
< 0 4 < 0, ^ 0. (2,1), (0 ,-3 ), (-6,9). ) (2,1), (8,13);
)(-1, 1). .
649. ) ( )( + ) = 24, - < + ,
: 1 - = 1, + = 24; 2 - = 2, + = 12;
3 = 3, + = 8; 4 - = 4, + = .
(7, 5), (5,1), . ) (53, 52),
(19,16), (13,8), (11,4).
650. 11 + 8 = 73 ^ ^ . = 1
= 5 , = 3 = 5.
651.
+ 2 /2 = ( )( + ), :
(1) ~ = 1, + 3 = 1; (2) = 1, + 3 = 1.
(1,0), (-1,0).
652. ) 19 . 1999 - (1900 + 10 + ) =
1 I . ,

89 2
1 + 9 + + /, = . 0 ^ , ^ 9, = 7,
= 6. , 1976. . ) 1856. .
653. = . + 5 + = 1 0 + = 6 + 8,
2& + 8 = 10, . 6 = 1 , + = 9 (*). ,
100+ 106 + (100+ 106 + ) = 99 99( ) = 99, . = 1 (**).
(*) (**) = 5, 6 = 4. , = 514.
654.

= - /
+ 2 ) = - ,

\
V

8.

= /

145

+ 2/() = . () + 2 /

= ,

/ (;) + 2/() = 1 , /() =


655. = ( + + I)2 + 2( + I)2 + 1 1
= - 1 , = 0.
656.
) ( + 2)2 2 = 48, .
( + 2 + )( + 2 ) = 48. 48
: 1- 48, 2- 24, 3 16, 4- 12, 6 - 8 , 8 - 6 ,
12 4, 16 3, 24 2, 48 1, (-1) (-48), (-2 ) (-24), (-3 ) (-16), (-4 ) (-12),
(-6 ) (-8 ), (-8 ) (-6), (-12) (-4 ), (-16) (-3 ), (-24) (-2 ) (-48) (-1).

: (11,-11), (6,-4), (5,-1), (5,1), (6,4), (11,11), (-15,11), (-10,4),
(9,1), (9 ,-1 ), ( 10,-4) (-1 5 ,-1 1 ). )
( + I)2 - 2 = 5, . ( + 1 + )( + 1 - ) 5. : (-4 , -2 ), ( - 4 , 2),
(2 ,-2 ) (2,2).
657.

9
9^7
2
2 + 210, = ; = 6 0 / , = 8 0 / .

658. 3 6 /

40 / .
659. (
). + 50 = 40-50, + = 60-30, = 1500,
= 10. 1500 + 10(1 = <1 20 6, = 150 , 1500 + 10 75 = 75
= 30 . 660. \ = 4 , 2 = .
661.

+ ~ + + - = 63, 20+18 = 945,


3
5
- , ! ,

, . + ~ + 5 = 63,
. 1 9 = 315 - , +
- + = 63, = 45. ,
3 15
45 , 15, - .

662. : \ + 2 + 3 = 96, 2 + + *4 = 98,


3 + 4 + 5= 98,4 + 5 + 6 = 95, 5 + 6 + 7 = 93, 6 + 7 + 8 = 97,
7 + 3 + XI = 99, $ + \ + 2 = 98.
3(1 + 2 + + ) = 774, . + + 2 + + 8 = 258.
, 2\+ 2+ 3-\----- \-% = 290,
\ = 32. 2 = 31, 3 = 33, 4 = 34, 5 = 31, 6 = 30,
15 15
30
%7 = 32, 8 = 35. 663. ---- 1---- 1 |------= 1 = 24, = 40.
X
X

146

.664. ,
. ,
1
1 1 1
1
1
1
. 1 = - + =
X
X
X
= = 10.
9.


9.1

665. = 1682. 666. ) = 2, V = 973; 6) = 9 0 2,


V = 10073; ) = 2/3(2 + \/3 ) 2, V = 3; ) = 67(1 + \/2 ) 2,
V = (2 + /2)3. 667. = , = 264712, V = 5763. 668. =
= 972, = . ) = ---- = 5 ; 6) V = 2 =
2

27
/
'
45 3. 669. = 8 , V = 628 3. 670. ) 2 = 8 ; 6) = 15272.
671. ) 2 20 ; 6) = 40072. 672.'; = 5 ; ) = 15 , =
2002; 6) = 8 , = 1302. 673. = 4 , = 4 , V = 6 4 3.
674. = 2&7 + 2627 = 572, V = &27 = 4 8 3. 675. ) = ;
6) = 4 .
676. ) 8 4 = 32 2; 6) 1 12 3 = 2; 2 6 - 6 = 3 6 2. 677. 1 5 2.
678. 50 . 679. = 57. 680. ) 2 = 12 = 12 ,
0
432
16
= , V = ---- 3; 6) V = 3. 681. : = 2 : 2 = .
7
7
7
682. = 4 , = 10 , = 8072, V = 1603. 683. = 4 ,
= 7 .
684. = 20 , = 6 = 600 ,
V = 2 = 240 00073 = 240713 = 2401 753,61.
11 = 1 13 = 1000 3.
685.
, . (27)2 = 132 52 = 144,
12
72
6
= = . = 2( + ) = 60 + 2
2

180
V = 2 = ---- 3.

686. = 2.

(2)2 = 144 = , = 12 , = 2172, V = 43273.


V,
4

2
2 2
687. -4-
688 .
= 4. 689. 5,522 17,33 2.

2
1
690. , , 0 : = 4.
691. 50%.
692. 1713.

9.

147

693.

14 = 3 = 2744 3,

= = 7 = 14 , 14 = 2 =
22

49 14 = 2156 3. 2744 2156 = 588 3 .


2744 : 100 = 588 : . = 21,43%.
694. 3.
695. V = 2 3.
696. 4,5.
697. 7 .
698.
( + I)2 = 2 + 52 = 12 , = 72,52 V = 7 5 3.
27 ,

699. 10,6 3. 700. = 10 , = 30 ,

V = 3, 30% V = 9003 2,8261.


9.2
701.

2 .

702. ) ~ 3;

) 9 3;

) ~ 3. : -

360,
V = 2 = 2 7 3. 90, 120, 180
, , . 703. V =
3
- 2 = 13503. 704. . 705. . 706. = 827, V = 23.
707. ) 1 : 1; ) 8 : 5; ) 8 : 5. 708. = 2 2 + 2 = 913002,
182 600 = 182,6 . 709. V = 2 = 10 3,
~ 27946. 710. V = 2 ~ 31 4002 3, ~ 279,^462, 2 0,04294
50
2 0,414 . 711. 2 = 50, = 3,98 .
47

).
712. V =

1
-

99

- 22 ~

3,5 = 22 3.

713.
= 10 (),
V = 20 30 300 102
300 = 30 000(6 ) 3 85 800 3.

714.

= 2 , = 22 + 2 = 3 2 2. 715. = 62.

716. -

() = = = 2/3,

*^7*120
V
=
------ = 4 - ^ ( = - = /).
= 2 = 4%/, V = \ =
(16/3 36) 3.

148

. . 717

717.

().

\02 2
3/2

^2

37

718.

= 1 , =
= \/2 + 2 = 5 , = =

+ 6+

2 27

182, = 2 = 83. 71 9. 2072. 720. 12^/52.


+ + = + \( + )2 2 + = 18 ().

+ 2 =

721. =

. . 721

722.

723.

^2

2
')" ().
" " ' ' :
2000/3
V, = 2 '" =
.

1000\/3

V - = 2500--------- 6039 3.
^

149

10.

10.

10.1

724.
) = 5 ; ) = 13 ; ) 5 = 17 ; ) = 5 \/2 .
725. ) = 4 , = 2472, V = 1273; ) = 1 , =
2

\/2 7(/ 2 + \/3 ) 2, V = -7 3; ) = 5 , = 9072, V = 10073;


) = 10 , = 972, V = 973.
727.

5, =

27

726. = , = 97(12.

+ 75 = 30072, V = - 2

2407 3.

728. ) V = 273; ) 12073. 729. = 31, = 41.


5 = \/ 2 + 2 = 51, 607 = 31 51 7, 1 = 2. , = ,
= 8 = 972. 730. 13572. 731. 72 = , = 3 .
^
7 = 157 = 5 , = 4 = - = 1273.
732. 2 13 = 26 2.
733. = 422.
734.
5 ,
5-216

2-
---------- = 247 = , = 4 V = -------= 127 .
180
3
735.

7( + ) = 967 2 + 10 96 = 0, . ( 6)( +16) = 0,

( > 0) = 6 . = /2 2 = 8 , V =
736. ) = 4 , = 12 , )
2
7

= ^ = 0
V = 4973.

5 , = 60 2.

= 97 3.

737.

________
25
= > 5 = V 2 + 2 = , = 572

738. = 50(1 + \ / 2 ) 2, V =

7 3.

739.

2 / 2 = 9 , =
740. = - = 9 2,

= = \ 2. 817\/2 = =

817(1 + \/2) 2 V = 24373.

= = , V = ^ 2 = 973.

741. ) = , = 3\/3,

= , = 2772, V = 97\/3. ) = 10872, V = 72 \/3.


742. ) = - = = - \/3 = 3 \/3 (), = 97(3 +
2 \/3 ) 2 V = 2773. ) =

71

3 \ / 2 , = 18(1 + \ / ) 2, V = 18^277 3;

) = - = , = 2 + ^ = 3 \ / 3 , =
2772, V = 9 \ / 3.
. . 742

743.
= 81(1 + /2) 2, = 2433.
744. = 6(6 + ^ ^ 2,
V = 247\/3. 745.

150

.
: 5 = , : =

, =
= .

= 3\/3. ,

= 2772, V = 2 = 97 \/3,

746. 2 .

747. ) = 2 ;

) = 172.

748.
, , . , 5 = 4

2^7

= 2 7 , = 1 . = /2 2 = ,

= 7( + ) = 572, V = 27 =
749.

5 = = 6 , 2 \ = 7,

1 = - = . =
^
V =

\
-

- !

= 4

^ +

1 2

= - /2 - \ = 9 \ / 3.

= 2 7 2,

750. = \ /7 , 5 = 8\/7,

= 63 2. 751. , .
.
7 5 2 . 2 7 = 18 = 9 .
45, .
\/2 = 2 5 = 9\/2. = \ 2 2 = 9 ,
=

+ ) = 81(1 + \/2) 2, V = 2 = 243 3.

7 5 3 . 30.
10.2

__

57

754.

2 7

60.

27

7 2
27

7 5 5 . 4 : 1.

7 5 7 . = 3, 5 = \/2 + 2 = \/92 + 2 = \0.



__ 27
/
^58.

= 2 : 3.

7 6 1 . 7 >

2 7

__

7 5 9 . = 2, V = /55 3.

5 > .

10
7 6 0 . .

151

10.

762.

= 247 - 157 = 972, = , = 5 . 2 =

> = 180 = 216. 763. V =


~ 0,018843, ~
180
^ 5
3
19,3 0,01884 0,3636;. 764. V = 6473, 160,77. 765. = /2,
^
V = (2 - /3) 3. 766. = .
767. = \/2 + &2 = 25 (). , = . - 12
V =

= 12003.

768. ) 1 : 1;

) 3 : 4; ) 2 : 3. 769. = , 2 = 4 ,
= 2 = 5 , \ 4 , 2 = , 1\ =
2 7^

= 3072, 2 = 2 275 = 4072, =

.,
%2
= 273.
- 247 3, 1/2 = 2

770. =

771.

(5

5
+ \/2) 2, = 3.
/-

= , V = ------- = - 3.

3
4

772. ( = \ + 2)\

' + 2

- 2! + 27 2
3
3

14

<1 /
4^

= 3.

+ 2)

3
2

774.

21

27

773.

\/3

62 + 3 2\/3 = 6 + 3+ 3 = 1 . = - + 3 = - ^ -

4 27

4 3*

47

2\/3

2\/3

3\/3

14 ~ 41,32% 14-.

120

60
__ 1 /
= 13 , = , = - = . - - -

^ 775 ^ =
169
) = 18(3 + \/2) 2, V = 6 3 3.
2 = 5 120

'

+ 2) 2, V = 4 5 3;

_
= ------ - = ---- . 777. = + / 3' 778.

V
5

156
= 27/ 5^ = 2, = 37

776.

().

152

. . 779

779. ,
\/2 ()

---- \/2

2
2 = 2. ----- = ----------/2
^2

] =
,
1
2
3

780.

3\ / 2
4
3 ^\/2 '

# = 3*, 5 = 51 = / ( 5 )2 - (^)2 = 4$, - =

1287 I3 = 8, . 1 = 2. , = 8 , = 10 , = 27+ 78 =
14472.

781. , , V,
3, , ,
2 = 2

\/2

,2

7 2 :

, : V! = \ / 2: 6.
782.
2 V3,
/

7V*

- . -


: = 227\/5, V = 37.
783. V = 73. 785. = 2472.
786. ().
= 8 , = /102 82 =
, = /2 + 2 = 9

= ^

'

72 2.
. . 786

153

11.

11.
11.1

787. ) (
), ( )
. ) ( )
. ) ( )
( ) . 788.
( . ). 789. ) ;
) ; ) . 790.
\. 2 = 2 2 \ = 12 , 14472.

792. 42 = 7 = ,
= 97 2, = 2 7 = 7 . 793. = , V = 367 3. 794.
2 7 = 127 = = 4 27 = 1447 2. 795. ) 427 = 17

) = 12, V = 20343; ) = , V = 97273.


796.

5007
, = 10072, V =
3.

2.

798. 6, = 2 + 7,52 = 12,5 .

797. = , =

799. = 12 .

800. =

11.2

1
802. 4( + 1)27 = 427 + 87 = - .

801.

125%.

803.

154

805.

. = 2, =

; = =

( + )
4

= \/3.

9
16'

806. = 7 .
: 6 : = 2 : 3 : 6, 2 + 2 + 2 = 42 = 4 , 6 = 6 = 12 ,
= 288 2 V = 288 3.

807.

V* =

= - 37, 1 = ^ 37,
1

= 3,

1 2

: = - 3 : - 3 : 3 = - : - : 1 = 1 : 2 : 3 .

808.

= 9 , = , = 7 .
4 ,
4 3~ : V = -
1544

16163. = = 1616 9 = 14544 = 14,544.

809. = = 4 , - = - 3 =

128

810. .
, ,

\ / 3
: , = = 9 ,
4
^
4 _

= /\3= /
\-2

3 2
811.

[/

3 = __ =
/

9 '

= - , 2 = , = 42 + 4% = 4 2. 812. )

. )
.
813.
2 = 10 5 = \2 2 = 13 ().

= 60 2. = + ,
= , V

37

4000
81

155

11.

. . 813

814.

(). 0 \ = = 1 ,

. = 0 \
2 =

1 ,

= /7 .

\/2

815.
, , 5, , ,
().

: 8 = : ( - ), . 5 = ( - ) (1). = 1
442 = 2 + (2). 5 (1) (2)
412 = ? + ( )

. 443 = 2, ^
1

- 2
-------

2 .
( +

2
43

=1-- '

816.

12

817. 4 8 \/ 3.

818. = / ( 2 - ) .

819.
: 2

( )
=

820.

= 3\/ V :

2 -

297

'/

() 2 + 2,

= - ^ = = = = .

156

821. (). \
_
II
~ / (~2)1
=

2
- 2'

822. . ()
5 , <1= ^132 52 = 12 .
823. ,
\/2 (). 2

824.

-.

825.

^ )

= -

= 4 = 2.

. . 829

157

11.

826.

: = ^ (^\/3 = ^/, = 2 = ^/, :

2- ^ + - ^

4(2)

9\/3

9\/3

27

VI

\/3

827. , , , ( -
).
2. /2 (
-, ). ,
, , I) , (1 + \/2),
(2 + \/2).
828.

= = 3 \/3

2
= \/3 = 9 = = .
2

V*.

| 27 #

/ = ~ | 3 4 '

829. ) 5, , ,
, , . . . (). , 3 0 , ,
, ... , 5 = = = . )
3 0 , , , . .. , , , ...
(. 62) 3 0 , 3 0 .
+ 3 0 , + 3 0 , + 3 0 , ... , , , ...
( 30). = = =
, , , ... .