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Design of Water Treatment Facilities and Air Scour Blower for River Water

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ii

iii

iv

v

a

b

c

d

Base Year

Current Total Population

Adopted Growth rate

Domestic Water Demand

Other Uses of Water:

Commerce and Industry

Institutions

Fire Services

Horticulture

Total Other Uses

vi

Allowance for:

vii

2008

106469

4

50

%

Lpd

20

20

5

5

50

%

%

%

%

%

d

Total Allowance =

10

22

hrs

Population Estimation

Year

a

b

c

d

e

f

2008

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

106469

115157

140106

170460

207391

252323

viii

a

b

Total =

4.16

0.42

4.58

mgd

mgd

mgd

ix

a

Scheme Design:

Intake Works

Raw Water Draft

Domestic Demand

(Lpd)

50

50

50

50

50

50

m3/day

mgd

m3/day

5323

5758

7005

8523

10370

12616

1.17

1.27

1.54

1.87

2.28

2.78

2662

2879

3503

4262

5185

6308

946.21 m3/h

0.263 m3/s

262.84 L/s

0.15 h

Storage in Well

141.93 m3

4.5 m

Are of Well

31.54 m2

No of Chambers

7.89 m2

Width of Chamber

Length of Chamber

2m

3.94 m

Chamber Dimensions

Length

Breath

Assumed Freeboard

Adopted Height

4.5 m

2m

0.5 m

5m

Capacity

0.263 m3/s

Diameter of Mains

500 mm

0.5 m

Area of Mains

Length of Mains

Velocity of Flow

Hazen Williams Constant

Head Loss (Hi)

0.20 m2

1000 m

1.34 m/s

130 Note: Decrease in the Constant will increase the Head Loss in mains

3.1933 m/Km

1.852

6.819

.D 1.167

C

wh

Total Head Loss in mains line

Raw Water Pumps

No of Pumps

3.19 m

96.55 m

Static Head Difference (SHD)

50.96 m

45.59 m

Fittings Losses

10 % of SHD

4.559 m

53.34 m

Pump Min. Specification

No of Duty

No of Standby

3

1

Capacity of Each

315.40 m3/h

0.088 m3/s

87.61 L/s

53.34 m

Assumed Pump Efficiency

9.81 m/s2

Density of liquid ()

1.00 ton/m3

Conversion Factor to Horse Power (Divide by)

Pump Power Consumption

Generator Power Rating

Genset Power Rating

ii Aerators

Type of Aerator

No. of Aerator

65.49 KW

745.7

87.83 HP

0.80 use 0.75 or 0.8 or 0.85

327.4741282521 KW

Spray Aerators

2 Nos

Capacity of each

0.13 m3/s

350 mm

0.35 m

Area of Mains

Length of Mains

Velocity of Flow

Hazen Williams Constant

Head Loss (Hi)

0.10 m2

5m

1.37 m/s

140 Note: Decrease in the Constant will increase the Head Loss in mains

4.3818 m/Km

1.852

6.819

.D 1.167

C

wh

Total Head Loss in mains line

0.02 m

Header Pipe

No of Header Pipe

2.00

0.07 m3/s

250 mm

0.25 m

Area of Mains

Length of Mains

Velocity of Flow

Hazen Williams Constant

Head Loss (Hi)

0.05 m2

5m

1.34 m/s

140 Note: Decrease in the Constant will increase the Head Loss in mains

6.2508 m/Km

1.852

6.819

.D 1.167

C wh

Total Head Loss in mains line

Laterals

No of Laterals

Flow Through each

Assumed Diameter of Riser Pipe

0.03 m

5.00

0.01 m3/s

100 mm

0.1 m

Area of Mains

Length of Mains

Velocity of Flow

Hazen Williams Constant

Head Loss (Hi)

0.01 m2

4m

1.67 m/s

140 Note: Decrease in the Constant will increase the Head Loss in mains

27.5303 m/Km

1.852

6.819

.D 1.167

C wh

Total Head Loss in mains line

0.11 m

Nozzles

Lateral Length

Spacing of Laterals

No of Nozzles

4.00 m

0.25 m

32.00

Flow / Nozzle

0.00 m3/s

1.48 m3/h

No of Flash Mixer

473.1054071489 m3/h

1 mins

Volume

7.89 m

Assumed Depth

1.5 m

Area

5.2567267461 m2

Length

4.7 m

30 - 60 secs

Width

4.3 m

Area

20.21 m2

Flocculators

Number of Flocculators

Assumed Detention Time

2

15 mins

473.1054071489 m3/h

Volume

118.28 m3

4.5 m

Area

26.2836337305 m2

Length

Width

4.7 m

4.7 m

Area

22.09 m2

No of Sedimat

Capacity of Each Chamber

Assumed Detention Time

Volume

Assumed Depth of Tank

236.5527035744 m3/h

3 Hrs

709.66 m

3.3 flocculator

Length

Breath

18.3 m

6.5 m

Area

118.95 m2

1.9886734222 m/hr

9 m3/m2/h

105.134534922

52.567267461

9.1 m

7m

Area of Bed

63.7 m2

80 cm

Underdrainage System:

Total Area of Holes =

Assumption

Area of Lateral =

Area of Manifold

So, area of Manifold =

0.25 %

2 (Area of Holes of Lateral)

2 (Area of Laterals)

4 (Area of Holes)

Area of Holes =

0.15925 m2

Area of Manifold =

0.637 m2

Diameter of Manifold =

0.90 m

90.0 cm

30 cm

- (Diameter of Manifold/no of Beds) =

Error!!!: Redsign

Ok

Area of Filter

Area of Each Bed

Adopted Length

Adopted Width

3 - 4 hrs

215.0479123404 m2

No of Beds

Error!!!: Redesign

Surface Area

Ok

Ok

Ok

Ok

Ok

4.0997980251 m

per Lateral)

Take dia of holes

Number of Holes

Adopt

Number of Holes/ Lateral

Area of Perforations/lateral

Spacing of Holes = (Length of

Lateral/Number of Laterals)

12 mm

0.012 m

1.2 cm

Ok

0.15925 m2

1407.5126262626 Numbers

1410 Numbers

17.625

Bed

1994.1428571429 mm2

0.2326126539 m

23.2612653908 cm

CS area of Lateral

39.8828571429 cm2

Diamter of Lateral =

7.1246052522 cm

427.4763151334 cm

4.2747631513 m

Ok

50 cm/min

0.5 m/min

Washwater discharge/bed=

0.5308333333 m3/s

Manifold Velocity =

1.6637265086 m/s

1.3309812069 m/s

WashWater Gutter

Ok

Ok

Size of Bed:

Length

Width

Assume 3 troughs running lengthwise at =

Discharge of each trough = (Q/3)

Q=

Assume b =

h=

Free Board =

Adopted h =

0.5308333333 m3/s

9.1 m

7m

2.3333333333 m c/c

0.1769444444 m3/s

1.71.b.h^(3/2)

0.3 m

0.6408330623 m

0.05 m

0.69 m

For 4 Hour Filter Capacity,

Capacity of Tank =

4586.4 m3

Assume Depth =

4m

Surface Area =

1146.6 m2

B=

L=

23.9436839271 m

47.8873678542 m

Velocity =

Diameter of washwater pipe to overhead

tank

Air Compressor unit

For

Air required =

150 mm

< 0.6m/s

67.5 cm

1 air/min/m2

5 mins

10.6166666667 m3/ of air

Flow Rate =

Filter Loading Rate =

With Combined sand & anthracite media

No of Filters =

2 Sets in Parallel/ Sed Tank

946.21 m3/h

35 m3/m2/h

Ok

27.0345946942 m2

4

6.76 m2

Adopted Diameter =

2.932902401 m

2.9 m

Transfer Pumps

No of Duty pumps =

No of Standby =

Pump Rate =

Assumed Head =

2

1

236.5527035744

15 m

Backwashing:

Backwashing Water rate =

Filter Surface Area =

Backwash Pumping Rate =

Allowable Head

Assumed Pump Efficiency

Acc. Due to Gravity (g)

Density of liquid ()

Pump Power Consumption

Conversion Factor to Horse Power (Divide by)

Pump Power Consumption

Genset Power Rating

Clear Water Tank:

Detention Time =

Volume =

No of Tanks =

Capacity of each =

35 m3/m2/h

Ok

6.76 m2

236.55 m3/h

15.00 m

0.70 (Adopt between 0.7 and 0.9)

9.81 m/s2

1.00 Kg/m3

13.81 KW

745.7

18.52 HP

3 Hrs

2838.6324428933 m3

2

1419.3162214467 m3

for efficient treatment works, the clear water tank should have a minimum storage of 3 hrs. this will allow for a timely warning to the communities being

served during any emergency situation at the plant.

Circular Ground Tank:

Heigth of Tank =

9m

157.701802383 m2

Diameter of Tank =

Adopted Diameter =

Free Board =

Total Height =

14.1672645508 m

14 m

0.6 m

9.6 m

Chemical Dosing:

Chlorine Dosing =

Normal Water =

4.5 - 5 mg/L

10 mg/L

Alum Dosing =

Lime Dosing =

40 - 60 mg/L

45 mg/L

2

5

5

5

5

rvey Report

mgd

m3/day

mgd

0.59

0.63

0.77

0.94

1.14

1.39

7985

8637

10508

12785

15554

18924

1.76

1.90

2.31

2.81

3.42

4.16

Design Parameters

1 Filtration Rate

Air Scour Flow Rate

Recommended Flow mean Velocity

6

1

0.01666

Filter Type

Filter Dimensions

B

Number of Filters

Air Density

1.225

1.1839

1.1644

1.1455

Dynamic Viscosity of Air

1

1.85E-05

1.96E-05

2.08E-05

Porosity of Sand,

0.55

1.3

Head Losses Within Filter Tank using Carman - Kozeny developed equation which predicts the headloss due

Delta P

93.0950986747

Diameter of air Pipe

Density of Air

80

0.96725

Velocity

0.15

Length of Pipe

48

Reynold's Number

27607.54

Roughness Ratio

0.001875

Lander

0.024

g

9.81

35.9633027523

341.2458

Atmospheric Pressure

For Barometic Reading

Ha

24.45

Density of Mecury

0.0254

Barometic Head

13600

Ha

82855.33848

Total Head to be overcome by the air between the compressor nd the free surface of the water in the filter

H

83289.6793787

Total Air flow to be supplied

Volume flow rate through the layer is Q determined from the continuity equation

Q

Au

Where U

Therefore

0.250733

902.6388

20883.4711797

20.8834711797

Range

m3/hr/m2

6 - 7 m3/hr/m2

m3/min/m2

m/s

m

m

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

Kg/m3

mm

Ns/m2

Ns/m2

For

the fluuidized (when passing a fluid

Ns/m2

@

upwards through a packed bad of solids

the point at which fluid drag force is equal

to the bed weigth the and particles no

longer rest on each other; this is the point

of fluidization] state of the bed the heith

increases hnce the porosity increases to

m

Assumed

0.55

0.43

ozeny developed equation which predicts the headloss due to fluid flow through media such that

mm

Kg/m3

m/s

excessive pressure drops on the most

systems and also will allow moisture to

precipate

mm

m

m2/s

m

N/m2

inches of mercury

Kg/m3

Pa

he compressor nd the free surface of the water in the filter tank can be expressed as

m3/s

2590

KW

15oC

25oC

30oC

30oC

300K

325K

350K

0.602

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