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- THIRTY-SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CEMENT MICROSCOPY
- astm.c150.2007
- Setting Time - Gillmore Needle ASTM C 266
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- Papers 3
- Performance_characteristics_of_high-volu.pdf
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- (a4)-admix-c-1000-nf
- [PAPER] v.R. Kulkarni [2009] Exposure Classes for Designing Durable Concrete

You are on page 1of 13

Construction Engineering

Question 1

(2 marks)

Marked out of

Which of the following factors does NOT directly influence the workability of

fresh concrete?

2.00

Flag question

Select one:

1. Exposure classification

2. Aggregate shape

3. Level of hydration

4. Cement content

5. Water content

Question 2

(2 marks)

Marked out of

concrete mix?

2.00

Flag question

Select one:

1. Angular and elongated

2. Rounded, irregular and angular

3. Irregular and elongated

4. Rounded, flaky and elongated

Question 3

(2 marks)

Marked out of

Which of the following items is NOT one of the key components used in

making Portland cement?

2.00

Flag question

Select one:

1. Fly ash

2. Calcium carbonate

3. Iron Oxide

4. Silica

5. Alumina

Question 4

(2 marks)

Marked out of

control the rate at which the cement hydrates when mixed with water?

2.00

Flag question

Select one:

1. Gypsum

2. Alumina

3. Magnesium

4. Limestone

Question 5

(2 marks)

Marked out of

2.00

Flag question

Select one:

1. True

2. False

Question 6

(15 marks)

You are a local government Engineer responsible for the design and

construction of a footpath and bikeway in the local parklands. Your design

calculations indicate a requirement for 25MPa reinforced concrete. Soil tests

show the parklands contain non-aggressive soils, and you will not be using a

membrane under the concrete. (Your footpath will not be submerged in

water.)

Marked out of

15.00

Flag question

Using the attached tables, calculate the Target Strength in MPa based on the

minimum requirement for Characteristic Strength considering both strength

and durability.

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the MPa unit or

any spaces or commas.)

Table 1: Minimum characteristic strength for durability

A1

20

A2

25

B1

32

B2

40

50

Grade designation

MPa

deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile

grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Exposure classification

Surface and exposure environment

1.

Reinforced or

prestressed

concrete members

(Note 1)

ground

Plain

concrete

members

(Note 1)

(a)

A1

membrane

A1

(b)

A1

soils

A1

(c)

soils

A1

A2

2.

environments

(a)

except for a brief period of weather

exposure during construction

A1

A1

(b) being subject to repeated wetting and B1

drying

B1

3.

exterior environments

In areas that are:

environment being

(i)

zone (Notes 3 & 4)

A1

A1

(ii)

climatic zone

A2

A1

(iii)

climatic zone

B1

A1

B1

A1

(b)

Near-coastal (1 km to 50 km from

coastline), any climatic zone

B1

A1

(c) but excluding tidal and splash zones) B2

(Note 5), any climatic zone

A1

B1

B2

5.

environments

otherwise described in Items 1 to 4

above

Answer:

(a)

Question 7

(10 marks)

Marked out of

10.00

Flag question

timber bridge with a new concrete bridge over a river crossing in central

Queensland. You will act as the onsite Project Engineer for the construction

of the bridge piers. These piers will be submerged during the wet season

and above water level during the dry season.

Using the attached tables, calculate the Target Strength in MPa based on the

minimum requirement for Characteristic Strength for durability.

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or

commas.)

Table 1: Minimum characteristic strength for durability

Exposure classification Minimum characteristic strength fc' (MPa)

A1

20

A2

25

B1

32

B2

40

50

Grade designation

MPa

deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile

grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Exposure classification

Surface and exposure environment

1.

Reinforced or

prestressed

concrete members

(Note 1)

ground

Plain

concrete

members

(Note 1)

(a)

membrane

Residential footings in non-aggressive

(b) soils

A1

(c)

soils

A2

2.

environments

A1

A1

A1

U

A1

A1

(b) being subject to repeated wetting and B1

drying

B1

(a) except for a brief period of weather

exposure during construction

3. exterior environments

(a)

environment being

(i)

zone (Notes 3 & 4)

A1

A1

(ii)

climatic zone

A2

A1

(iii)

climatic zone

B1

A1

B1

A1

(b)

Near-coastal (1 km to 50 km from

coastline), any climatic zone

B1

A1

(c) but excluding tidal and splash zones) B2

(Note 5), any climatic zone

A1

B1

B2

5.

environments

Any exposure environment not

otherwise described in Items 1 to 4

above

Answer:

Question 8

(10 marks)

underground car park below a new high-rise development. The

Characteristic Strength is 40Mpa. Using the attached tables, calculate the

water/cement ratio for use in the concrete mix design.

Marked out of

10.00

Flag question

(Round you answer to two decimal places. Do not include any spaces of

commas.)

Table 1: Assumed standard deviation

Grade designation

MPa

deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile

grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Answer:

Question 9

(5 marks)

The reinforced concrete base slab for a single storey residential house is to

be constructed. The characteristic strength is 25MPa. Using the attached

tables, calculate the water/cement ratio to be used to design the concrete

mix.

Marked out of

5.00

Flag question

(Round you answer to two decimal places. Do not include any spaces of

commas.)

Table 1: Assumed standard deviation

Grade designation

MPa

deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile

grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Answer:

Question 10

(15 marks)

to be used in the concrete mix design based on a water/cement ratio of 0.5?

Marked out of

15.00

Flag question

Aggregate shape: irregular gravel

Slump: 160mm

Grading curve: 3

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or

commas.)

Answer:

5.1

Question 11

(10 marks)

to be used in the concrete mix design based on a water/cement ratio of

0.75:1?

Marked out of

10.00

Flag question

Aggregate shape: crushed rock

Slump: 40mm

Grading curve: 4

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or

commas.)

6.1

Answer:

Question 12

(10 marks)

A concrete design has been completed for an upcoming project, with the

following parameters:

Marked out of

10.00

Flag question

Aggregate/cement ratio is 4.4

The total aggregate proportions in the blend are as follows:

20 mm aggregate 20%

10 mm aggregate 65%

Sand 15%

Calculate the total mass of concrete mix (in kg) using these proportions,

based on a 50kg bag of cement.

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the kg unit or any

spaces or commas.)

Answer:

300

Question 13

(15 marks)

You have an approved mix design for a concrete pour that will be taking

place tomorrow morning. You are in an arid zone of Queensland and have

not had any rainfall for over 2 months. Your 20mm aggregate has been in

Marked out of

15.00

Flag question

stockpile for a number of weeks and is now very dry. Your mix design

quantities for a 1m3 batch of concrete, based on the Saturated Surface Dry

condition of the aggregate are as follows:

Cement

428 kg

Water

201.2 kg

20 mm aggregate 1061.4 kg

Sand

650.6 kg

Total

2341.2 kg

The soil laboratory have taken samples from the aggregate stockpiles, and

found that the actual moisture content of the 20mm aggregate is 1.4 %, and

the water absorption is 2.9 %. The sand is in SSD condition.

What is the total quantity of water in kg to be included in the concrete mix,

after the adjustment for aggregate moisture content?

(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the kg unit or any

spaces or commas.)

Answer:

750.2

Next

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