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CIV2605_2015_1 > Course and Assessment Information > ONLINE QUIZ 2

Construction Engineering
Question 1

(2 marks)

Not yet answered


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Which of the following factors does NOT directly influence the workability of
fresh concrete?

2.00

Select one best answer.

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Select one:
1. Exposure classification
2. Aggregate shape
3. Level of hydration
4. Cement content
5. Water content

Question 2

(2 marks)

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What particle shapes are considered desirable for aggregates used in a


concrete mix?

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Select one:
1. Angular and elongated
2. Rounded, irregular and angular
3. Irregular and elongated
4. Rounded, flaky and elongated

Question 3

(2 marks)

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Which of the following items is NOT one of the key components used in
making Portland cement?

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Select one:

1. Fly ash
2. Calcium carbonate
3. Iron Oxide
4. Silica
5. Alumina

Question 4

(2 marks)

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Which of the following items is included in the cement making process, to


control the rate at which the cement hydrates when mixed with water?

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Select one:
1. Gypsum
2. Alumina
3. Magnesium
4. Limestone

Question 5

(2 marks)

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Is the following statement true or false?

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Generally, if water is drinkable, it is suitable for making concrete?

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Select one:
1. True
2. False

Question 6

(15 marks)

Not yet answered

You are a local government Engineer responsible for the design and
construction of a footpath and bikeway in the local parklands. Your design
calculations indicate a requirement for 25MPa reinforced concrete. Soil tests
show the parklands contain non-aggressive soils, and you will not be using a
membrane under the concrete. (Your footpath will not be submerged in
water.)

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Using the attached tables, calculate the Target Strength in MPa based on the
minimum requirement for Characteristic Strength considering both strength
and durability.
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the MPa unit or
any spaces or commas.)
Table 1: Minimum characteristic strength for durability

Exposure classification Minimum characteristic strength fc' (MPa)


A1

20

A2

25

B1

32

B2

40

50

Table 2: Assumed standard deviation


Grade designation

Characteristic strength Assumed standard


MPa
deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile
grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Table 3: Exposure classification table


Exposure classification
Surface and exposure environment

1.

Reinforced or
prestressed
concrete members
(Note 1)

Surfaces of members in contact with the

ground

Plain
concrete
members
(Note 1)

(a)

Members protected by a damp-proof


A1
membrane

A1

(b)

Residential footings in non-aggressive


A1
soils

A1

(c)

Other members in non-aggressive


soils

A1

A2

(d) Members in aggressive soils (Note 2) U


2.

Surfaces of members in interior


environments

(a)

Fully enclosed within a building


except for a brief period of weather
exposure during construction

A1

A1

In industrial buildings, the member


(b) being subject to repeated wetting and B1
drying

B1

3.

Surfaces of members in above-ground


exterior environments
In areas that are:

Inland (> 50 km from coastline)


environment being

(i)

Non-industrial and arid climatic


zone (Notes 3 & 4)

A1

A1

(ii)

Non-industrial and temperate


climatic zone

A2

A1

(iii)

Non-industrial and tropical


climatic zone

B1

A1

(iv) Industrial and any climatic zone

B1

A1

(b)

Near-coastal (1 km to 50 km from
coastline), any climatic zone

B1

A1

Coastal (Up to 1 km from coastline


(c) but excluding tidal and splash zones) B2
(Note 5), any climatic zone

A1

4. Surfaces of members in water

(a) In fresh water

B1

(b) In sea water

(i) permanently submerged

B2

(ii) in tidal or splash zones

5.

Surfaces of members in other


environments

Any exposure environment not


otherwise described in Items 1 to 4
above

Answer:

Not yet answered

(a)

(c) In soft or running water

Question 7

(10 marks)

Marked out of
10.00
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Your engineering firm has been awarded a contract to replace an existing


timber bridge with a new concrete bridge over a river crossing in central
Queensland. You will act as the onsite Project Engineer for the construction
of the bridge piers. These piers will be submerged during the wet season
and above water level during the dry season.
Using the attached tables, calculate the Target Strength in MPa based on the
minimum requirement for Characteristic Strength for durability.
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or
commas.)
Table 1: Minimum characteristic strength for durability
Exposure classification Minimum characteristic strength fc' (MPa)
A1

20

A2

25

B1

32

B2

40

50

Table 2: Assumed standard deviation


Grade designation

Characteristic strength Assumed standard


MPa
deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile
grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Table 3: Exposure classification table


Exposure classification
Surface and exposure environment

1.

Reinforced or
prestressed
concrete members
(Note 1)

Surfaces of members in contact with the

ground

Plain
concrete
members
(Note 1)

Members protected by a damp-proof A1


(a)
membrane
Residential footings in non-aggressive
(b) soils
A1

(c)

Other members in non-aggressive


soils

A2

(d) Members in aggressive soils (Note 2) U


2.

Surfaces of members in interior


environments

A1

A1

A1
U

A1

A1

In industrial buildings, the member


(b) being subject to repeated wetting and B1
drying

B1

Fully enclosed within a building


(a) except for a brief period of weather
exposure during construction

Surfaces of members in above-ground


3. exterior environments

In areas that are:


(a)

Inland (> 50 km from coastline)


environment being

(i)

Non-industrial and arid climatic


zone (Notes 3 & 4)

A1

A1

(ii)

Non-industrial and temperate


climatic zone

A2

A1

(iii)

Non-industrial and tropical


climatic zone

B1

A1

(iv) Industrial and any climatic zone

B1

A1

(b)

Near-coastal (1 km to 50 km from
coastline), any climatic zone

B1

A1

Coastal (Up to 1 km from coastline


(c) but excluding tidal and splash zones) B2
(Note 5), any climatic zone

A1

4. Surfaces of members in water

(a) In fresh water

B1

(b) In sea water

(i) permanently submerged

B2

(ii) in tidal or splash zones

(c) In soft or running water

5.

Surfaces of members in other


environments
Any exposure environment not
otherwise described in Items 1 to 4
above

Answer:

Question 8

(10 marks)

Not yet answered

A concrete retaining wall is being built as part of the construction of an


underground car park below a new high-rise development. The
Characteristic Strength is 40Mpa. Using the attached tables, calculate the
water/cement ratio for use in the concrete mix design.

Marked out of
10.00
Flag question

(Note: Target strength should be used as the 28-day compressive strength)


(Round you answer to two decimal places. Do not include any spaces of
commas.)
Table 1: Assumed standard deviation
Grade designation

Characteristic strength Assumed standard


MPa
deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile
grades

IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Table 2: Water/Cement ratio v. Strength

Answer:

Question 9

(5 marks)

Not yet answered

The reinforced concrete base slab for a single storey residential house is to
be constructed. The characteristic strength is 25MPa. Using the attached
tables, calculate the water/cement ratio to be used to design the concrete
mix.

Marked out of
5.00
Flag question

(Note: Target strength should be used as the 28-day compressive strength)


(Round you answer to two decimal places. Do not include any spaces of
commas.)
Table 1: Assumed standard deviation
Grade designation

Characteristic strength Assumed standard


MPa
deviation MPa

Standard grades

25

25

4.8

32

32

5.34

40

40

5.9

50

50

6.2

Flexural grades

F2.5

2.5

0.5

F3.5

3.5

0.6

Indirect-tensile
grades
IT2.0

2.0

0.5

IT2.5

2.5

0.5

Table 2: Water/Cement ratio v. Strength

Answer:

Question 10

(15 marks)

Not yet answered

Using the following known information, what is the aggregate/cement ratio


to be used in the concrete mix design based on a water/cement ratio of 0.5?

Marked out of
15.00
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Nominal aggregate size: 40mm


Aggregate shape: irregular gravel
Slump: 160mm
Grading curve: 3
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or
commas.)

Answer:

5.1

Question 11

(10 marks)

Not yet answered

Using the following known information, what is the aggregate/cement ratio


to be used in the concrete mix design based on a water/cement ratio of
0.75:1?

Marked out of
10.00
Flag question

Nominal aggregate size: 20mm


Aggregate shape: crushed rock
Slump: 40mm
Grading curve: 4
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include any spaces or
commas.)

6.1

Answer:

Question 12

(10 marks)

Not yet answered

A concrete design has been completed for an upcoming project, with the
following parameters:

Marked out of
10.00
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Water/cement ratio is 0.60


Aggregate/cement ratio is 4.4
The total aggregate proportions in the blend are as follows:
20 mm aggregate 20%
10 mm aggregate 65%
Sand 15%
Calculate the total mass of concrete mix (in kg) using these proportions,
based on a 50kg bag of cement.
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the kg unit or any
spaces or commas.)
Answer:

300

Question 13

(15 marks)

Not yet answered

You have an approved mix design for a concrete pour that will be taking
place tomorrow morning. You are in an arid zone of Queensland and have
not had any rainfall for over 2 months. Your 20mm aggregate has been in

Marked out of
15.00

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stockpile for a number of weeks and is now very dry. Your mix design
quantities for a 1m3 batch of concrete, based on the Saturated Surface Dry
condition of the aggregate are as follows:
Cement

428 kg

Water

201.2 kg

20 mm aggregate 1061.4 kg
Sand

650.6 kg

Total

2341.2 kg

The soil laboratory have taken samples from the aggregate stockpiles, and
found that the actual moisture content of the 20mm aggregate is 1.4 %, and
the water absorption is 2.9 %. The sand is in SSD condition.
What is the total quantity of water in kg to be included in the concrete mix,
after the adjustment for aggregate moisture content?
(Round your answer to one decimal place. Do not include the kg unit or any
spaces or commas.)
Answer:

750.2

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