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FACULTY OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL

ENGINEERING
BFC 32602
Mechanical & Electrical Systems

Short Assignment
FUNDEMENTAL OF BUILDING PHYSICS
Section 5
LECTURERS NAME:

DR. RAFIKULLAH BIN DERAMAN

NO.

NAME OF MEMBER

MATRIC.NO

1.

NUR FATHIN NADIAH BINTI MOHD NOH

DF130048

2.

NUR FATIHAH BINTI LATIF

DF130049

3.

NUR ATIKAH BINTI MOHD ZINAL

DF130044

4.

SITI AISHAH BINTI NORDIN

DF130072

5.

MOHAMMAD IBRAHIM BIN MD NOH

DF130011

1 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Question 1
Project Brief
Project

Outside UTHM Campus

Space Function

Hostel Kolej Kediaman Taman Universiti


(Blok C)

Number of Building
Requirement

1
i) Selected building shall have openings
ii) The experimental shall begin from early
morning till midnight
iii) At least 5 location/ points for Inside building
area and at least 4 location/ points for
outside building area while taking reading.
Please indicate in the sketches drawing.

Data Required

i)

Air velocity

ii)

Temperature

iii)

Humidity

iv)

Solar heat

v)

Illuminances

2 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Based on the information given, prepare the following items;


i)

Climatology record in tabular form

The situation:Light off


Fan on
Window closed
Door closed
4 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY (m/s)

LUX

30.7

77.8

30.8

77.6

30.8

77.8

31.0

77.5

31.0

78.4

31.2

78.5

30.6

78.1

30.7

77.0

30.8

76.3

30.7

76.4

30.8

77.0

31.0

77.8

31.1

75.7

31.3

75.8

31.0

76.0

30.9

77.9

30.8

78.0

0.8

30.7

77.3

0.3

28.8

76.3

66

28.7

76.4

70

28.7

75.2

63

3 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light off


Fan on
Window closed
Door closed
5 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY (m/s)

LUX

30.8

76.3

31.0

80.0

31.0

78.0

30.9

77.6

31.0

77.9

31.2

78.0

31.7

77.8

30.7

77.4

30.8

76.3

30.7

75.9

30.8

75.8

31.0

76.1

31.1

76.3

31.3

79.0

31.0

78.9

30.9

78.3

30.8

79.2

0.6

30.7

79.4

0.2

28.8

77.4

54

28.7

77.8

67

28.7

78.6

56

4 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed
6 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.4

76.4

106

31.2

79.2

12

31.2

77.8

31.0

77.7

31.0

78.0

31.2

77.9

30.6

77.5

30.7

77.1

30.8

76.5

30.7

75.8

30.8

75.9

31.0

76.1

31.1

76.2

31.3

79.3

31.0

79.2

30.9

79.2

30.8

79.6

0.7

30.7

79.7

0.1

28.8

78.4

70

28.7

78.4

78

28.7

78.6

74

5 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed
7 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.7

69.1

130

31.4

70.6

19

31.4

70

31.3

69

0.4

31.5

68.8

31.7

69.5

31.7

71.4

31.6

70.6

31.6

70.2

31.6

69.6

31.4

70.1

31.2

71.2

31.1

70.8

30.9

72.2

30.8

71.5

0.7

30.6

72.3

39

30.3

75.1

0.7

29.7

74.1

0.3

30.1

78.7

112

30.1

78.5

120

30.2

78.7

117

6 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed
8 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.3

78.7

30.5

78.1

31.3

77.3

31.7

75.9

30.7

75.7

31.1

76.3

31.3

76.6

31.4

76.4

31.5

77.7

31.5

78.2

31.1

77.0

31.3

77.2

31.0

77.0

31.0

78.2

31.0

76.3

30.8

75.9

30.9

75.7

0.8

30.6

79.0

0.4

30.6

77.8

235

30.7

77.0

262

30.6

76.4

271

7 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed
9 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.0

78.9

97

30.8

76.9

10

31.4

75.3

31.9

78.0

30.7

78.2

31.3

78.0

31.4

78.9

31.4

78.4

31.6

76.3

31.7

75.9

31.6

75.7

31.9

76.0

31.7

76.6

31.5

76.4

31.3

76.5

31.9

78.2

31.0

77.6

0.7

31.9

77.4

0.3

31.7

76.3

389

31.6

77.0

347

31.1

78.1

322

8 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

10 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.1

78.5

30.9

78.6

31.5

78.8

32.0

77.7

31.1

77.8

31.6

77.8

31.5

77.2

31.5

76.8

31.6

76.4

31.6

77.5

31.5

76.7

31.9

76.9

31.8

76.3

31.9

76.4

31.6

75.2

32

77.4

32.1

77.8

0.6

32.1

78.6

0.2

32.2

78.5

470

32.3

78.4

551

32.1

77.5

532

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

11 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.4

76.4

110

30.1

77.0

31.6

77.1

32.0

77.8

31.3

77.3

32.1

78.1

32.2

77.1

32.3

76.3

32.2

75.7

32.3

76.2

32.1

78.5

32.2

78.8

32.3

71.3

32.2

71.9

32.3

68.9

31.5

68.6

31.6

70.0

0.9

31.7

71.8

0.2

31.8

77.8

1233

31.9

77.6

1380

32

78.0

1240

10 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

12 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.0

78.9

30.1

78.4

31.7

78.2

31.8

78.1

31.4

77.7

31.0

75.5

30.8

75.4

30.9

74.9

30.6

74.8

30.6

75.7

30.7

76.8

30.6

78.7

31.0

74.7

32.3

75.8

32.3

76.2

32.6

76.0

32.6

76.5

0.8

32

76.7

0.3

32.6

76.5

1552

32.6

76.4

1576

32.3

75.7

1542

11 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed
1 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.5

71.7

31

70.4

40

31

70.3

31

70.8

31

71

31.2

70.6

31.4

69.5

31.6

71.2

31.5

72.2

11

31.6

70

58

31.5

69.7

18

31.6

69.6

31.7

69.3

31.9

70.6

31.8

69.3

31.8

70.5

36

31.7

70.2

0.6

31.8

70.1

0.1

31.6

75.8

1672

31.6

76.0

1689

31.4

77.9

1665

12 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

2 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.7

70.6

31.3

69.4

22

31.5

69.3

31.5

68.4

31.6

67.7

31.5

67.7

31.7

69.1

31.7

69.1

31.8

68.3

16

31.8

69.8

31.8

68.9

0.5

31.8

68.2

32

68.6

32

69

31.9

68

32

68.5

32

70.2

0.9

32.2

71.1

31.0

78.0

891

31.0

77.3

871

31.2

77.3

769

13 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

3 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.1

75.8

32.3

76.1

32.3

75.4

32.6

75.7

32.6

76.0

32

75.1

32.6

75.0

32.6

74.7

32.3

71.8

32

72.5

32

72.6

32

76.5

32

74.8

32.1

73.6

32.1

72.8

32

68.6

22

32

69.9

0.7

32

72.5

0.3

31.1

77.6

731

31.6

77.7

722

31.5

78.2

711

14 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

4 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.4

72.5

106

32

72.7

12

32

72.7

32

73.0

32

73.1

32.1

74.3

32.1

74.9

32

73.2

32

72.4

32.2

71.0

32.1

72.7

32.2

71.8

32.3

74.0

32.2

74.9

32.3

74.0

32.5

74.8

32.3

73.9

0.8

32.3

73.5

0.3

30.8

76.3

651

31.0

76.1

648

31.0

75.8

639

15 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light off


Fan on
Window opened
Door closed

5 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.5

73

31

72.4

31

72.2

31.2

74.6

31.4

72.3

31.4

71.4

31.5

72.1

31.4

71.4

31.4

72.8

31.5

71.6

31.6

72.5

0.6

31.7

72.7

31.8

71.4

31.8

71.4

31.9

72.3

0.8

31.7

71.3

31.8

71.4

0.9

31.7

72.4

31.4

75.9

481

31.0

76.3

465

30.8

77.4

472

16 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light off


Fan on
Window opened
Door closed
6 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.7

75.4

119

31.1

74.1

11

31.1

74.3

31.3

76.2

13

31.3

74

25

31.4

74.8

16

31.6

74.7

22

31.8

73.6

34

31.8

72.8

33

31.9

74.1

23

31.8

73.8

26

31.9

73.7

33

31.9

73.4

20

32.1

74.2

33

32.1

74.3

0.5

14

32

73.3

32.1

73.4

1.2

31.9

73.8

31.3

77.8

98

31.5

78.0

110

31.7

77.9

91

17 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed
7 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.1

75.3

112

31.3

74.2

31.4

74.3

31.5

74

0.7

13

31.5

74

24

31.6

74

19

31.7

73.7

19

31.8

73.5

28

31.8

73.3

33

31.8

74.1

19

32

74

22

32.2

74.1

25

32.3

73

16

32.1

73.5

31

32.1

72.6

0.7

15

32.1

72.9

32

73.1

32

73.1

30.8

77.6

78

30.7

78.0

81

30.8

78.0

73

18 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed

8 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

32

74.9

140

32.2

73.9

32.2

74.1

32.3

74.1

11

32.2

74.7

23

32.1

73.9

21

32.2

74.1

22

32.3

74.4

35

32.2

74.1

40

32.3

74.3

16

32.5

76

24

32.3

73.5

19

32.3

73.6

19

32.6

75.6

28

32.6

74.2

0.6

11

32

74.1

32.6

74.5

32.6

74.7

31.7

77.9

71

31.6

77.2

75

31.9

76.1

72

19 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed

9 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

31.7

74.8

142

31.9

74.5

12

32

74

32

74

13

32

74

24

32

74.1

19

32.1

73.7

21

32.1

74.4

34

32.2

74

0.4

25

32.3

75.2

16

32.1

73.4

25

32.5

74

0.5

24

32.4

73.2

19

32.5

75.5

31

32.5

74.1

0.8

11

32.8

74.5

32.7

73.1

0.8

32.7

76

31.6

77.4

70

31.5

78.4

72

31.9

78.5

71

20 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed

10 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY (m/s)

LUX

31.3

76

89

31.4

76

31.5

76.2

31.6

74.7

31.7

76.3

31.8

74.7

31.9

76.1

32

74.5

32.1

74.2

0.4

32

75.2

32.1

74.5

32.1

75.1

0.5

32

74.4

32.6

74.8

32.4

74.3

0.5

32.3

73.3

32.2

75

1.4

32.2

74.8

32.3

77.7

73

32.1

77.9

75

32.2

77.9

71

21 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed

11 PM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.5

74.5

1.3

104

30.8

74

30.9

74

30.1

72.8

0.8

30.1

74

31.1

72.6

14

31.5

72.7

23

31.5

73

35

31.3

72.3

26

31.6

72.3

12

31.5

72.3

0.1

23

31.5

72.7

20

31.6

72

19

31.6

74

30

31.5

73.5

0.8

15

31.9

71.4

31.8

72.1

31.9

71.8

31

78.5

70

31.2

78.6

75

31.4

78.7

72

22 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The situation:Light on
Fan on
Window closed
Door closed

12 AM

POINT

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

TEMPERATURE
(C)

RELATIVE
HUMIDITY
(%)

VELOCITY
(m/s)

LUX

30.2

73

0.7

100

30.7

72.8

30.8

72

30.8

71.4

0.5

11

30.8

72.3

16

30.7

72.6

21

31

73.2

22

31.2

73.3

30

31.2

72.7

27

31.3

71.9

16

31.4

71.4

25

31.4

72.3

18

31.6

72.8

19

31.7

71

34

31.6

73.3

0.5

14

31.9

70.5

31.7

71.5

31.5

70.8

31.1

78.9

69

31.3

77.8

70

31.3

78.0

68

23 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 1

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.7
30.8
31.4
31.7
31.3
31
31.1
31.4
31
30.5
30.7
31.1
31.4
30.5
30.7
31.1
32
31.7
31.3
30.5
30.2

Relative Humidity
(%)
78.9
71.7
70.6
75.8
72.5
73
75.8
72.5
73
75.4
75.3
74.9
74.8
76
74.5
73
78.9
71.7
70.6
75.8
72.5

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.3
0.7

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
106
130
0
97
0
110
0
0
0
0
106
0
119
112
140
142
89
104
100

24 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

25 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1.4

1.2

0.8

0.6
VELOCITY

0.4

0.2

LUX

160

140

120

100

80

60

LUX

40

20

26 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 2

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.8
31
31.2
31.4
30.5
30.8
30.9
30.1
30.1
31
31.3
32.3
32
31
31.1
31.3
32.2
31.9
31.4
30.8
30.7

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.6
80
79.2
70.6
78.1
76.9
78.6
77
78.4
70.4
69.4
76.1
72.7
72.4
74.1
74.2
73.9
74.5
76
74
72.8

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
12
19
0
10
0
9
0
40
22
0
12
0
11
8
2
12
0
0
4

27 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

28 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

45

40

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

29 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 3

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.8
31
31.2
31.4
31.3
31.4
31.5
31.6
31.7
31
31.5
32.3
32
31
31.1
31.4
32.2
32
31.5
30.9
30.8

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.8
78
77.8
70
77.3
75.3
78.8
77.1
78.2
70.3
69.3
75.4
72.7
72.2
74.3
74.3
74.1
74
76.2
74
72

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

30 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

31 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
LUX

32 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 4

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31
30.9
31
31.3
31.7
31.9
32
32
31.8
31
31.5
32.6
32
31.2
31.3
31.5
32.3
32
31.6
30.1
30.8

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.5
77.6
77.7
69
75.9
78
77.7
77.8
78.1
70.8
68.4
75.7
73
74.6
76.2
74
74.1
74
74.7
72.8
71.4

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.7
0
0
0
0.8
0.5

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
13
11
13
0
2
11

33 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

34 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3
VELOCITY

0.2

0.1

LUX

14

12

10

6
LUX

35 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 5

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31
31
31
31.5
30.7
30.7
31.1
31.3
31.4
31
31.6
32.6
32
31.4
31.3
31.5
32.2
32
31.7
30.1
30.8

Relative Humidity
(%)
78.4
77.9
78
68.8
75.7
78.2
77.8
77.3
77.7
71
67.7
76
73.1
72.3
74
74
74.7
74
76.3
74
72.3

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
6
0
0
0
25
24
23
24
0
0
16

36 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

79

77

75

73
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

71

69

67

37 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

30

25

20

15

10
LUX

38 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 6

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31.2
31.2
31.2
31.7
31.1
31.3
31.6
32.1
31
31.2
31.5
32
32.1
31.4
31.4
31.6
32.1
32
31.8
31.1
30.7

Relative Humidity
(%)
78.5
78
77.9
69.5
76.3
78
77.8
78.1
75.5
70.6
67.7
75.1
74.3
71.4
74.8
74
73.9
74.1
74.7
72.6
72.6

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
19
21
19
0
14
21

39 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

79

77

75

73
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

71

69

67

40 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

25

20

15

10
LUX

41 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 7

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.6
31.7
30.6
31.7
31.3
31.4
31.5
32.2
30.8
31.4
31.7
32.6
32.1
31.5
31.6
31.7
32.2
32.1
31.9
31.5
31

Relative Humidity
(%)
78.1
77.8
77.5
71.4
76.6
78.9
77.2
77.1
75.4
69.5
69.1
75
74.9
72.1
74.7
73.7
74.1
73.7
76.1
72.7
73.2

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
22
19
22
21
0
23
22

42 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

43 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

25

20

15

10
LUX

44 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 8

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.7
30.7
30.7
31.6
31.4
31.4
31.5
32.3
30.9
31.6
31.7
32.6
32
31.4
31.8
31.8
32.3
32.1
32
31.5
31.2

Relative Humidity
(%)
77
77.4
77.1
70.6
76.4
78.4
76.8
76.3
74.9
71.2
69.1
74.7
73.2
71.4
73.6
73.5
74.4
74.4
74.5
73
73.3

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
34
28
35
34
0
35
30

45 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

46 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

40

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

47 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 9

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.8
30.8
30.8
31.6
31.5
31.6
31.6
32.2
30.6
31.5
31.8
32.3
32
31.4
31.8
31.8
32.2
32.2
32.1
31.3
31.2

Relative Humidity
(%)
76.3
76.3
76.5
70.2
77.7
76.3
76.4
75.7
74.8
72.2
68.3
71.8
72.4
72.8
72.8
73.3
74.1
74
74.2
72.3
72.7

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
16
0
0
0
33
33
40
25
0
26
27

48 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

49 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.45

0.4

0.35

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.15
VELOCITY

0.1

0.05

LUX

45

40

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

50 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 10

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.7
30.7
30.7
31.6
31.5
31.7
31.6
32.3
30.6
31.6
31.8
32
32.2
31.5
31.9
31.8
32.3
32.3
32
31.6
31.3

Relative Humidity
(%)
76.4
75.9
75.8
69.6
78.2
75.9
77.5
76.2
75.7
70
69.8
72.5
71
71.6
74.1
74.1
74.3
75.2
75.2
72.3
71.9

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
58
0
0
0
0
23
19
16
16
0
12
16

51 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

52 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

70

60

50

40

30
LUX

20

10

53 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 11

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.8
30.8
30.8
31.4
31.1
31.6
31.5
32.1
30.7
31.5
31.8
32
32.1
31.6
31.8
32
32.5
32.1
32.1
31.5
31.4

Relative Humidity
(%)
77
75.8
75.9
70.1
77
75.7
76.7
78.5
76.8
69.7
68.9
72.6
72.7
72.5
73.8
74
76
73.4
74.5
72.3
71.4

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0
0.6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.1
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18
0
0
0
0
26
22
24
25
0
23
25

54 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

55 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3
VELOCITY

0.2

0.1

LUX

30

25

20

15

10
LUX

56 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 12

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31
31
31
31.2
31.3
31.9
31.9
32.2
30.6
31.6
31.8
32
32.2
31.7
31.9
32.2
32.3
32.5
32.1
31.5
31.4

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.8
76.1
76.1
71.2
77.2
76
76.9
78.8
78.7
69.6
68.2
76.5
71.8
72.7
73.7
74.1
73.5
74
75.1
72.7
72.3

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.5
0.5
0
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
33
25
19
24
0
20
18

57 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

58 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2
VELOCITY

0.1

LUX

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

59 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 13

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31.1
31.1
31.1
31.1
31
31.7
31.8
32.3
31
31.7
32
32
32.3
31.8
31.9
32.3
32.3
32.4
32
31.6
31.6

Relative Humidity
(%)
75.7
76.3
76.2
70.8
77
76.6
76.3
71.3
74.7
69.3
68.6
74.8
74
71.4
73.4
73
73.6
73.2
74.4
72
72.8

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
20
16
19
19
0
19
19

60 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

61 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

25

20

15

10
LUX

62 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 14

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31.3
31.3
31.3
30.9
31
31.5
31.9
32.2
32.3
31.9
32
32.1
32.2
31.8
32.1
32.1
32.6
32.5
32.6
31.6
31.7

Relative Humidity
(%)
75.8
79
79.3
72.2
78.2
76.4
76.4
71.9
75.8
70.6
69
73.6
74.9
71.4
74.2
73.5
75.6
75.5
74.8
74
71

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
33
31
28
31
0
30
34

63 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

64 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

40

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

65 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 15

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
31
31
31
30.8
31
31.3
31.6
32.3
32.3
31.8
31.9
32.1
32.3
31.9
32.1
32.1
32.6
32.5
32.4
31.5
31.6

Relative Humidity
(%)
76
78.9
79.2
71.5
76.3
76.5
75.2
68.9
76.2
69.3
68
72.8
74
72.3
74.3
72.6
74.2
74.1
74.3
73.5
73.3

Velocity
(m/s)
0
0
0
0.7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.8
0.5
0.7
0.8
0.5
0.8
0.5
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
15
11
11
0
15
14

66 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

67 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3
VELOCITY

0.2

0.1

LUX

16

14

12

10

6
LUX

68 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 16

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.9
30.9
30.9
30.6
30.8
31.9
32
31.5
32.6
31.8
32
32
32.5
31.7
32
32.1
32
32.8
32.3
31.9
31.9

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.9
78.3
79.2
72.3
75.9
78.2
77.4
68.6
76
70.5
68.5
68.6
74.8
71.3
73.3
72.9
74.1
74.5
73.3
71.4
70.5

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
39
0
0
0
0
0
36
4
22
1
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
4

69 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

70 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

45

40

35

30

25

20

15
LUX

10

71 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 17

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.8
30.8
30.8
30.3
30.9
31
32.1
31.6
32.6
31.7
32
32
32.3
31.8
32.1
32
32.6
32.7
32.2
31.8
31.7

Relative Humidity
(%)
78
79.2
79.6
75.1
75.7
77.6
77.8
70
76.5
70.2
70.2
69.9
73.9
71.4
73.4
73.1
74.5
73.1
75
72.1
71.5

Velocity
(m/s)
0.8
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.2
0
0
0.8
1.4
0
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0

72 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31
TEMPERATURE

30.5

30

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

73 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1.6

1.4

1.2

0.8

0.6
VELOCITY

0.4

0.2

LUX

4.5

3.5

2.5

1.5
LUX

0.5

74 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 18

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
30.7
30.7
30.7
29.7
30.6
31.9
32.1
31.7
32
31.8
32.2
32
32.3
31.7
31.9
32
32.6
32.7
32.2
31.9
31.5

Relative Humidity
(%)
77.3
79.4
79.7
74.1
79
77.4
78.6
71.8
76.7
70.1
71.1
72.5
73.5
72.4
73.8
73.1
74.7
76
74.8
71.8
70.8

Velocity
(m/s)
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.1
0
0.3
0.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

75 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31

30.5
TEMPERATURE

30

29.5

29

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

78

76

74

72
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

70

68

76 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

0.45

0.4

0.35

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.15
VELOCITY

0.1

0.05

LUX

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
LUX

77 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 19

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
28.8
28.8
28.8
30.1
30.6
31.7
32.2
31.8
32.6
31.6
31
31.1
30.8
31.4
31.3
30.8
31.7
31.6
32.3
31
31.1

Relative Humidity
(%)
76.3
77.4
78.4
78.7
77.8
76.3
78.5
77.8
76.5
75.8
78
77.6
76.3
75.9
77.8
77.6
77.9
77.4
77.7
78.5
78.9

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

66
54
70
112
235
389
470
1233
1552
1672
891
731
651
481
98
78
71
70
73
70
69

78 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31

30.5

30
TEMPERATURE

29.5

29

28.5

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80
79.5
79
78.5
78
77.5
77
76.5
76
75.5
75
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

79 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

1850

1650

1450

1250

1050

850

650
LUX

450

250

50

80 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 20

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
28.7
28.7
28.7
30.1
30.7
31.6
32.3
31.9
32.6
31.6
31
31.6
31
31
31.5
30.7
31.6
31.5
32.1
31.2
31.3

Relative Humidity
(%)
76.4
77.8
78.4
78.5
77
77
78.4
77.6
76.4
76
77.3
77.7
76.1
76.3
78
78
77.2
78.4
77.9
78.6
77.8

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

70
67
78
120
262
347
551
1380
1576
1689
871
722
648
465
110
81
75
72
75
75
70

81 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

33

32.5

32

31.5

31

30.5

30
TEMPERATURE

29.5

29

28.5

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

79.5

79

78.5

78

77.5

77
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

76.5

76

75.5

82 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

1850

1650

1450

1250

1050

850

650
LUX

450

250

50

83 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Point 21

Time
(hr)
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

Temperature
(C)
28.7
28.7
28.7
30.2
30.6
31.1
32.1
32
32.3
31.4
31.2
31.5
31
30.8
31.7
30.8
31.9
31.9
32.2
31.4
31.3

Relative Humidity
(%)
75.2
78.6
78.6
78.7
76.4
78.1
77.5
78
75.7
77.9
77.3
78.2
75.8
77.4
77.9
78
76.1
78.5
77.9
78.7
78

Velocity
(m/s)

Illuminance
(Lux)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

63
56
74
117
271
322
532
1240
1542
1665
769
711
639
472
91
73
72
71
71
72
68

84 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
0:00

TEMPERATURE ( C )

32.5

32

31.5

31

30.5

30
TEMPERATURE

29.5

29

28.5

RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)

80

79.5

79

78.5

78

77.5

77
RELATIVE HUMIDITY

76.5

76

75.5

85 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

0:00

23:00

22:00

21:00

20:00

19:00

18:00

17:00

16:00

15:00

14:00

13:00

12:00

11:00

10:00

9:00

8:00

7:00

6:00

5:00

4:00

VELOCITY (m/s)

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
VELOCITY

LUX

1850

1650

1450

1250

1050

850

650
LUX

450

250

50

86 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

i)

Sketches drawing in varies perspective views

Plan view
Front view
Side view
Checkpoint plan
Contour lux

87 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

ii)

Based on the data obtained, recommendations on how to achieve thermal comfort


in buildings?

SOLUTION ;
a) What is thermal comfort in building?
Thermal comfort is the condition of mind that expresses satisfaction with the thermal
environment and is assessed by subjective evaluation. Maintaining this standard of
thermal comfort for occupants of buildings or other enclosures is one of the important
goals of HVAC wich is heating, ventilation, and air conditioning for design engineers.
Then, thermal neutrality is maintained when the heat generated by human metabolism
is allowed to dissipate, thus maintaining thermal equilibrium with the surroundings.
The main factors that influence thermal comfort are those that determine heat gain and
loss, namely metabolic rate, clothing insulation, air temperature, mean radiant
temperature, air speed and relative humidity. Psychological parameters such as
individual expectations also affect thermal comfort.

b) Factors influencing thermal comfort


There are six primary factors that directly affect thermal comfort that can be grouped
in two categories:
i.

Personal factors - because they are characteristics of the occupants


a. Metabolic rate
People have different metabolic rates that can fluctuate due to activity
level and environmental conditions. The ASHRAE 55-2010 Standard
defines metabolic rate as the level of transformation of chemical
energy into heat and mechanical work by metabolic activities within an
organism, usually expressed in terms of unit area of the total body
surface. Food and drink habits may have an influence on metabolic
rates, which indirectly influences thermal preferences. These effects
may change depending on food and drink intake. Body shape is
another factor that affects thermal comfort. Heat dissipation depends
on body surface area. A tall and skinny person has a larger surface-to-

88 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

volume ratio, can dissipate heat more easily, and can tolerate higher
temperatures more than a person with a rounded body shape.

b. Clothing insulation
The amount of thermal insulation worn by a person has a substantial
impact on thermal comfort, because it influences the heat loss and
consequently the thermal balance. Layers of insulating clothing prevent
heat loss and can either help keep a person warm or lead to overheating.
Generally, the thicker the garment is, the greater insulating ability it has.
Depending on the type of material the clothing is made out of, air
movement and relative humidity can decrease the insulating ability of
the material.

ii.

Environmental factors - which are conditions of the thermal environment. The


former are metabolic rate and clothing level, the latter are air temperature, mean
radiant temperature, air speed and humidity.
a. Air temperature
The air temperature is the average temperature of the air surrounding
the occupant, with respect to location and time.
b. Mean radiant temperature
The radiant temperature is related to the amount of radiant heat
transferred from a surface, and it depends on the materials ability to
absorb or emit heat, or its emissivity. The mean radiant temperature,
depends on the temperatures and emissivities of the surrounding
surfaces as well as the view factor, or the amount of the surface that is
seen by the object. So the mean radiant temperature experienced by a
person in a room with the sunlight streaming in varies based on how
much of her body is in the sun.
c. Operative temperature
Operative temperature attempts to combine the effects of air and mean
radiant temperatures into one metric. It is often approximated as the
average of the air dry-bulb temperature and of the mean radiant
89 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

temperature at the given place in a room. In buildings with low thermal


mass, the operative temperature is sometimes considered to be simply
the air temperature.
d. Air speed
Air speed is defined as the rate of air movement at a point, without
regard to direction. According to ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55, it is the
average speed of the air to which the body is exposed, with respect to
location and time. The temporal average is the same as the air
temperature, while the spatial average is based on the assumption that
the body is exposed to a uniform air speed, according to the SET
thermo-physiological model. However, some spaces might provide
strongly nonuniform air velocity fields and consequent skin heat losses
that cannot be considered uniform. Therefore, the designer shall decide
the proper averaging, especially including air speeds incident on
unclothed body parts, that have greater cooling effect and potential for
local discomfort.
e. Relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to
the amount of water vapor that the air could hold at the specific
temperature and pressure. While the human body has sensors within
the skin that are fairly efficient at feeling heat and cold, relative
humidity (RH) is detected indirectly. Sweating is an effective heat loss
mechanism that relies on evaporation from the skin. However at high
RH, the air has close to the maximum water vapor that it can hold, so
evaporation, and therefore heat loss, is decreased. On the other hand,
very dry environments (RH < 20-30%) are also uncomfortable because
of their effect on the mucous membranes. The recommended level of
indoor humidity is in the range of 30-60% in air conditioned buildings,
but new standards such as the adaptive model allow lower and higher
humidities, depending on the other factors involved in thermal
comfort.

90 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

c) How to achieve thermal comfort in our buildings?


Based on our data that we get from the experiment, we conclude that our building have
a lower thermal comfort and non-freshener air. We will focus on the environmental
factor of solar heat gain, air temperature, average temperature of nearby surfaces,
radiant temperature or humidity from lighting, air velocity and humidity. So that, we
decide to achieve thermal comfort in our building with these solutions:
I.

Consider Displacement Ventilation


This cooling concept introduces low-velocity, cool air at floor level. It uses
buoyancy forces generated by radiant heat sources to remove heat at the ceiling
level instead of mixing it back into the space. Because lighting generates heat,
and warm air rises, removing warm air from high in the space and exhausting it
can also reduce the amount of cooling needed.

II.

Natural ventilation
Natural ventilation is uncontrolled air movement from windows, doors, or
cracks in the home. This used to be the most common ventilation method of
allowing fresh outdoor air to replace indoor air in a home. So we can open
window or door to allow the fresh air flow in and out the building.

III.

Spot ventilation

91 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Spot ventilation is controls air movement by using localized exhaust fans to


quickly remove pollutants and moisture at the source. Common household
examples include range hoods over stoves and bathroom exhaust fans. Spot
ventilation is typically used in conjunction with one of the other strategies, and
can be used to improve the effectiveness of natural ventilation. If both spot and
natural ventilation together do not meet ventilation needs, then we consider a
whole-house ventilation strategy.

92 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

IV.

Whole-house ventilation
Whole-house ventilation entails using one or more fans and duct systems to
exhaust stale air and supply fresh air into the house. Whole-house ventilation
systems provide controlled, uniform ventilation throughout the house. They
may be exhaust-only (relying on leakage into the building for fresh air), supplyonly (relying on air leakage from the building to exhaust stale air), or balanced
systems that include both exhaust and fresh air intake components.

93 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Question 2
A Sport Hall has the following thermal specifications:
U-value (W/m2K)

No. Descriptions
I

Walls

0.5

II

Flat Roof

0.45

III

Floor

0.45

Iv

Windows

Door

The building is 30m x 15m x 5.5m high, it has window and door with total are of 12m 2
and 6 m2 respectively. Determine the total fabric heat loss through this building when
inside temperature is kept at 250 C, while the average outside temperature is 360 C.

Total heat loss through building :


=

1 =

= (2 )

0 =

= (1 0 )
= (30 15)2 (12 + 6)2
= 432 2
= 6.4 2

1 = 25 + 273.15 = 298.15
0 = 36 + 273.15 = 309.15
= 4322 (6.4 2 ) (298.15 309.15 )

= 30.413
94 I MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS