You are on page 1of 4

# 1.

0

INTRODUCTION

Numerical analysis is the branch of mathematics that provides tools and
methods for solving mathematical problems in numerical form. The
objective is to develop detailed computational procedures, capable of being
implemented on electronic computers, and to study their performance
characteristics (Gautschi, 2012).
In most of the practical cases, we fail to find the exact solution of a
mathematical problem owing to the fact that the desired solution is not
expressible in elementary or other functions usually known to us. Therefore,
numerical

methods

assume

ever

greater

importance,

especially

in

connection with the increasing role of mathematical methods in various
fields of science and technology (Volkov, 1990).

Numerical methods use

numbers to simulate mathematical processes, which in turn simulate realworld situations. This implies that there is a purpose behind the computing.
The choice of the particular formula, or algorithm, influences not only the
computing but also how we are to understand the results when they are
obtained. Numerical methods try to meet the need for methods to cope with
the potentially infinite variety of problems that can arise in practice
(Hamming, 1986).
A solution obtained by a numerical method is usually approximate,
that is, it has some error. Even if the initial data are void of errors and all the
arithmetic operations are ideally performed, they yield the solution of the
original problem with some error. A numerical method usually depends on
one or several parameters which may be controlled. Examples of such
parameter include the number of iterations in solving systems of equations
and the number of terms taken into account when summing a series, and
also the step over which the values of the integrand are used in
approximate evaluation of the definite integral (Volkov, 1990).
The application of numerical methods for engineering problems are
important for mathematical modelling of continuum mechanical processes,
development and analysis of numerical algorithms, implementation of
numerical methods into computer codes, adaption and application of

evaluation and interpretation of numerical results (Schafer. where the successive iterates are calculated using the formula x i+1 = x i - f( x i ) f'( x i ) In this report. MATLAB programming language and problem solving is which involve a modern environment: it has sophisticated data structures. Compute. 2005).f n x n .recursively from x n+1 = x n + h n . The derivation of secant method is shown in next session . from given initial approximations xo and x 1. For instance.f n-1 f n≠ f n-1 In the secant method. if we take the limit that the two points coincide. x3 …. numerical methods are used in geotechnical. an example of a single beam supported by one pinned joint and a roller is shown with a concentrated load and uniform loading acting on it. This leads to the following method. f n . The objective of this report is to utilize the secant method to numerically solve a non-linear equation. contains built-in editing and debugging tools.x n-1 . These factors make MATLAB a powerful tool for research and practical problem solving. its use is closely related to numerical methods (Higham. where we denote f(xn) by fn. . The secant method can be derived from Newton-Raphson’s method by approximating the derivative f’ (x n) by the quotient (fn – fn-1)/ (xn – xn-1). validation. MATLAB is an interactive system for numerical computation. 2006). and supports object-oriented programming. the sequence x 2. then the function is approximated by a tangent and we get the NewtonRaphson method. transportation and hydraulics researches simulation model and numerical calculation. verification.numerical methods to concrete problems. h n = . structural. This example shows how the secant method work and thus proving the secant method can be used to find root of moment acting on the beam with and without using Mat-lab.“Theory”. Numerical methods are generally used to solve civil engineering related problems.

0 REFERENCES Antia. United States of America: Prentice Hall.1 ALGORITHMS 2.M. India: Hindustan Book Agency.2. New Jersey.1 CALCULATIONS WITHOUT MAT-LAB 3. Numerical Methods. (2002).2 CALCULATIONS WITH MAT-LAB 4. Dahlquist.0 CONCULSIONS 6. H. A.2 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS RESULTS Ax 3.0 DISCUSSIONS 5.0 3. .0 THEORY 2. Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers. &Bjorck. 2003. G.

2005. United States of America: Dover Publications. Computational Engineering: Introduction to Numerical Methods. Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers. New York.0 APPENDIX United States of America: . J. United States of America: Springer Science and Business Media. Berlin. MATLAB Guide. Numerical Analysis. Philadelphia. M. 2012. J. 1990. N. 1986. Germany: Springer. New York. W. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation. 7. & Higham. Higham. Numerical Methods.Gautschi. Volkov. W. 2006. Schafer. Hamming.A. D. R. United States of America: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. 2nd ed. 2nd ed. E. 2nd ed.