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APPROVAL SHEET
The

thesis

proposal

entitled,

UTILIZATION

OF

WASTE

PLASTIC AS BINDER MODIFIER IN HOT ASPHALT MIX prepared


and submitted by civil engineering students: Sijan Shrestha, Kristine
Mae A. Real and Angelica G. Tindoy and who are hereby recommended
for acceptance and approval for oral examination.
RECOMMENDED BY:
Engr. Effe Laspias
Research Adviser

APPROVED by the Committee on Oral Examination with a grade of


________ on March 5, 2014.
Dr. Cornelio G. Duaso
Chairman
Engr. Editha Taladro
Panelist

Engr. Jerwin Abellar


Panelist

ACCEPTED and APPROVED in partial fulfillment of the requirements


for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering.
Engr. Effe Laspias
OIC-Dean
College of Engineering
Date: _________

ABSTRACT

Due to excessive use of plastics in day to day business, the


pollution to the environment is enormous. Since the Plastic are not
biodegradable, the need of the current hour is to use the waste plastic
in some beneficial purposes. The plastic wastes produced particularly
in the form of thin bags, junk food wrappers, containers, etc. have
limited recycling options which poses disposal problem. This research
aimed to investigate the probable use of waste plastic in pavement
structure so as to come up with a safe disposal together with
improvement in the performance of asphalt pavement through better
mix design.
In this research, Waste Plastics (WP) that are mainly composed
of low density Polyethylene (LDPE) were used to investigate the
potential prospects to enhance asphalt mixture properties. Marshal Mix
design procedure was used, first to determine the optimum WP
content and then further to test the modified mixture properties. The
total, samples were prepared investigate the effects by adding
different WP percentages to asphalt mix.

The Bitumen Content (BC) was 5 % by weight of asphalt mix. The


proportions of WP by weight of BC (10%, 12% and 15%) were tested
to determine the stability and air voids.
The results indicated that WP can be used as a modifier for
asphalt mixes as a part of sustainable management of plastic waste as
well as for improved performance of asphalt mix. WP content of 12 %
by weight of BC is recommended as the optimum WP content for the
improvement of performance of hot asphalt mix. Asphalt mix modified
with 12 % WP by weight of BC has approximately 46.21 % higher
stability value than the conventional asphalt mix for heavy traffic road.
It also exhibit 3.07% air voids which satisfied the requirement in
DPWH specifications.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The accomplishment of this study would never become possible
without the important contributions made by other people. The
researchers would like to extend their gratitude to all in making this
study a success.
To Engr. Effe Laspinas, the researchers instructor and adviser,
for the undying patience, full assistance and guidance in achieving this
research study.
To Mr. Edgar Tindoy, for helping the researchers in gathering the
materials needed.
To the engineering stockroom personnel, for providing all the
useful instruments and teaching the researchers how to use it.
To the Material Recycle Foundation (MRF) in Camotes, for giving
a sack of shredded waste plastics.
To Engr. Randy Visitacion, DPWH chief engineer at South Road
Properties for imparting his knowledge about the research and for
letting the researchers test some of the samples in their laboratory.

To the E.B Testing Center, Inc., Material Testing & Geotechnical


Engineering Laboratory of Central Visayas, for testing the samples
made by the researchers.
To the beloved parents and friends, who were the inspiration of
the researchers in conducting the study and who were the ones that
provide the financial, moral support and understanding their needs.
And to the people whom the researchers missed to mention.
To the HEAVENLY FATHER, the Lord and Master, who gave the
researchers

faith,

patience,

hope,

strength,

determination

and

guidance this work is heartedly dedicated.


The Researchers

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Title Page

Approval Sheet

ii

Abstract

iii

Acknowledgement

Table of Contents

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CHAPTER
I.

II.
III.

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE


INTRODUCTION
Rationale of the study

Theoretical Background

THE PROBLEM
Statement of the Problem
Significance of the Study
Scope and Limitations

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METHODOLOGY
Research Design
Research Environment
Research Instruments
Data Gathering Procedures
Data Treatment
DEFINITION OF TERMS

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PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS
AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS
AND RECOMMENDATIONS

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Summary of Findings
Conclusions
Recommendation
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E
Appendix F
Appendix G
Curriculum Vitae

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Formulas
Abbreviations
Tabulations
Figures
Gantt Chart
Project Cost Summary
Glossary

Figures and Tables


Table 1
Marshall Stability
Table 2
Theoretical Specific Gravity,
Bulk Specific Gravity
& Air Voids
Table 3
Comparison of WP
modified asphalt mix and
conventional mix properties
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7

Proposed Mix of Aggregates


Weight of the materials used
Calculation of Bulk
Specific Gravity
Calculation of Theoretical
Specific Gravity

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Figure 1

Line Graph of the


Stability of WP Hot Asphalt
Mix using three different
percentage of WP.

Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9

Line Graph of the Air Voids


of WP Hot Asphalt Mix using
three different percentage of WP
Bitumen, Shredded Plastic and
Aggregates Used
Cylindrical Molds and
Compactor Used
Sieving and weighing
of aggregates
Heating and mixing
of ingredients
Pouring, compaction
and removal of the samples
Getting data for Air Voids
Getting the Marshall Stability 35

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Figure 10
Figure 11

9 WP modified Marshal Sample


WP modified after Marshall Test

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