You are on page 1of 54

# Section 2: Electricity

2005 June
Q2: The circuit below contains a 1.5V dry cell, an ammeter and a thermistor at room

temperature.

## (a) At room temperature, the resistance of the thermistor is 1000 .

Calculate the current, in amps.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................
Current = .......................... A

(3)

(b) What happens to the resistance of the thermistor as its temperature increases?
......................................................................................................................................(1)
(c) What happens to the current as the temperature of the thermistor increases?
......................................................................................................................................(1)
(Total 5 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q4:

## (a) A metal filament lamp is switched on.

Complete the boxes to show the energy transfer that occurs.

(3)
(b) The lamp is rated at 100W and is left on for 30 seconds.
How much energy, in joules, is transferred to the lamp?
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Energy transferred = ........................ J

(2)

## (c) The lamp is only 5% efficient. What does this mean?

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................(2)
(Total 7 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q10: (a) The drawing shows an electrical circuit containing a cell, a lamp and some
insulated copper wire with clips.

## (i) A direct current passes through the circuit.

Name the particles that flow.
...............................................................................................................................
Why do the particles flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal?
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(2)

## (ii) The circuit has a 1.5 V cell.

Complete the sentence by adding the names of the two missing units.
A volt is a .................................................... per ....................................................

(1)

(b) A student has a reading lantern. It contains a 1.5 V rechargeable battery. The
lantern uses solar cells to charge its battery during the day. The student switches on the
Use the relationship E = V x I x t to calculate the average current from the battery
when it delivers 216 J in 2.0 hours.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
...................................................
Average current = ..............................

(3)

(Total 6 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

2005 Nov
Q2: A student holds a rod and charges it by friction using a cloth.

Insulator
Conductor
Cloth
Rod
(b) Explain in terms of electrons how the rod and cloth become charged as shown.

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................... (2)
(c)

## A small positively-charged plastic sphere is placed at A.

(i) State the direction in which the sphere moves.
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(Total 6 marks)
Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

(a)
(b)

insulator
insulator
1 mark each for
any two
(electrons) move
from the cloth
to the rod
electrons are
negative(ly
charged)

(c)
(i)
(c)
(ii)

## zero if both boxes

ticked for one row

1
1

## positive /similar charges

repel
or
opposite / unlike charges
attract

Total 6 marks

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q7: In the series circuit below, a lamp is lit to full brightness by direct current from a
1.5 V cell.

(a) State two differences between mains electricity and that supplied by the 1.5 V cell.
1 ...................................................................................................................................
2 ...................................................................................................................................(2)
(b) Draw a parallel circuit using the 1.5 V cell to show how two lamps could be switched
on and off independently and lit to full brightness.

(2)
(Total 4 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

www.edexcel-cie.com

(a)1
(a)2
(b)

a.c.

## not cell is d.c.

larger voltage
lamps in parallel with cell
each lamp can be
switched off/on
independently

1
1
1
1
Total 4 marks

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

10

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q11: A torch uses three cells to light a bulb. The voltage across the bulb is 4.5 V and
the current in it is 1.5 A.
(a) Calculate the power input, in watts, to the torch bulb.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Power = ...............................W
(2)
(b) Use the equation
energy transferred = current xvoltage xtime
to calculate the energy, in joules, transferred to the bulb when the torch is used for ten
minutes.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Energy = ...................................... J
(c) The filament in the torch bulb is made of tungsten which is a metal.
(i) Describe the nature and direction of the current in the filament.

(2)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
(ii) The filament has a high resistance. What is the effect of the current in the
filament? Explain this.

(2)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 8 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

11

www.edexcel-cie.com

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

## either 6.75 (W) (2)

or power = 1.5 x 4.5
or power = current x voltage
(1)
either 4050 (J) (2)
or clear indication that time is 10 x 60 /
= 600 (s) (1)
flow/movement of electrons (1)
from negative (end/side) to positive
(end/side) (1)
any two, (1) each
do not credit molecules
collisions between
or gets (much) hotter
electrons and
ions/atoms/nuclei/other
particles
transfer of energy
(large) rise in temperature
given out
Total 8 marks

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

12

www.edexcel-cie.com

2007 June
Q2: A student connects a series circuit as shown.

(a) (i) The switch is closed. Name two components in the circuit, other than the lamp,
which affect the size of the current.
1 .............................................................................................................................
2 .............................................................................................................................

(2)

(ii) The current is 0.40 A. Calculate the charge that flows during a time of 20 s.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Charge = ................................C

(2)

(b) You are asked to connect a second lamp so that each lamp can be switched on and off
independently. Show, by drawing on the circuit above, how this can be done.
(2)

(Total 6 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

13

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
a(i)
resistor/resistance/rheostat
power supply/battery/cell
a(ii)
= 0.4 20
= 8 (C)
b
lamp in parallel
switch in series with second
lamp

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Info.

Marks
1
1
1
1
1
1

14

www.edexcel-cie.com

2007 Nov
Q2: A circuit contains a resistor R, a thermistor and a buzzer connected to a cell as shown. The

## (a) (i) Complete the sentence.

When temperature increases, the resistance of a thermistor ........................................

(1)

(ii) What happens to the current in the circuit when the temperature increases?
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(b) (i) State the equation which relates voltage, current and resistance.
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(ii) When temperature increases, does the voltage across R stay the same, increase or
decrease?
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(2)

(c) The buzzer starts to sound when the voltage across R is a particular value. Add a
voltmeter to the circuit diagram to show how this voltage is measured.

(1)

(Total 7 marks)
Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

15

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
(i) decreases (1)
2(a)

2b

2c

## (ii) increases (1)

Notes
(ii) e.c.f
(i) V = I x R (1)
(ii) Increases (1) not dop no ecf
(iii) R same (1)
I bigger (1)
Notes
(iii) potential divider idea can
score 2
voltmeter connected in parallel
across
buzzer or R

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Reject

Marks
2

16

www.edexcel-cie.com

## (a) Complete the sentence.

The .................................... across the lamp is the energy transferred per
unit .................................... passing through the lamp.

(2)

(b) Complete the table to show what each abbreviation represents in the equation
Q=Ixt
One has been done for you.
Abbreviation
Q
I
t

Representation

time
(2)

(Total 4 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

17

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
voltage / potential difference / pd
9a
9b

(1)
charge (1)
charge (1)
current (1)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Reject

Marks
2
2

18

www.edexcel-cie.com

## (a) The battery contains six cells connected in series.

Calculate the voltage of each cell.
......................................................................................................................................
Voltage = .............................. V
(b) Complete the sentence.

(1)

## Current is the rate of flow of ........................................................................................

(1)

(c) The battery supplies an average current of 0.20 A for 3.0 hours. Use the equation
energy transferred = current voltage time
to calculate how much energy the battery transfers during this time and give its unit.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Energy = ..................................
(d) Describe the nature of an electric current in a metal wire.

(3)

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
(e) The battery is described as a 9 V d.c. supply.
State what the letters d.c. stand for.

(2)

......................................................................................................................................
(f) State two differences between a mains supply and the supply from the battery.

(1)

1 ...................................................................................................................................
2 ...................................................................................................................................
(Total 10 marks)
Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(2)
19

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
1.5 (V)
13a
13b
13c

13d

13e
13f

## charge / electrons / ions

19 440 (2) or (energy =) 0.2 x 9 x
3 60 x 60
(1)
joules/J (1) note 5.4 J is (2) 3240
J is (2)
324 J is (2)
flow/movement of (free) electrons
(1)
from negative to positive (1) or
through
lattice of ions
/ charged atoms
direct current
ANY TWO (1 each)
mains supply is alternating current
(1) or
mains is a.c.
mains supply is at a (much) higher
voltage /
230 V (1)
supply from battery is
limited/battery has to
be replaced/recharged

Reject

Marks

## do not credit just 9

6

1
1
3

1
2

20

www.edexcel-cie.com

2008 june
Q3: A student connects a light dependent resistor (LDR) to a battery.
(a) The current in the LDR is 0.050 A and its resistance is 90 in the dark.
(i) State the equation which relates current, resistance and voltage.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(ii) Calculate the voltage across the LDR. Show your working and give the unit.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Voltage = ..................................................

(2)

## (b) The LDR is moved to a position in the light.

Choose words from the box to complete the table.
You may use each word once, more than once or not at all.
Decrease
Effects on .
the resistance of the LDR
Current in the LDR

Increase

Stay same
It will

(2)
(Total 5 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

21

www.edexcel-cie.com

No.
voltage = current resistance
3a (i)

or current = voltage/resistance
or resistance = voltage/current

3a (ii)

4.5 nwn

3b

volts or V or J/C or JC or A
decrease
increase

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Acceptable Ans.

Marks

V = IR
I=V/R
R=V/I
Reject: V = C x R

-1

If written
Increase
decrease
means opposite then give 1 mark
only. Same for following
decrease
decrease
scores 1
increase
increase
scores 1

1
1
1
1

22

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q4: (a) The diagram shows how a student connects several components in a circuit. The
student uses four identical 1.5 volt cells.

## (i) Identify component Y.

...............................................................................................................................

(1)

## (ii) The reading on ammeter Z is 50 mA.

What is the reading in milliamps on each of the other two ammeters?
ammeter W = ......................... mA ammeter X = ......................... mA

(1)

(iii) The student expected the lamp to be brighter and the reading on the voltmeter to
be 6.0 V.
The voltmeter is working correctly.
Give two reasons why the reading on the voltmeter is less than 6.0 V.
1 .............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

2 .............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
(b) The graph shows how the current in a filament lamp varies with the voltage across
it.

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(1)

23

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Explain why the graph is not a straight line.

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(3)

(Total 7 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

24

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question
No.
4a (i)

Acceptable Ans.

Marks

(semiconductor)diode

## light emitting diode

4a (ii)
4a (iii)

50 50
one cell is connected the wrong
way
some of the voltage is
cross/used up by
diode/component Y/
ammeter(s)/(connecting) wire
/switch

4b

## any three points

current increases
increases temperature
increases resistance
line or slope becomes less steep

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

both required
two cells cancel one another/not all
facing the same way
Reject battery, if written
reference to resistance of these
components /cells / whole circuit
Reject the following
voltage used up by/voltage across
voltmeter/lamp
voltmeter does not have infinite
resistance
ignore reference to current and energy
voltage increases
increases heat /
molecular movement
non-ohmic / I not proportional to
V/
decrease rate of increase /current
levels off

1
2

1
1
1

25

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q6:(a) When you rub a polythene rod with a woollen cloth the rod becomes negatively
charged.
(i) Complete the labels on the diagram.

(1)
(ii) Explain why the polythene rod then remains negatively charged for some time.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(2)

(iii) If you rub a copper rod rather than a polythene rod, the copper rod will not stay
charged. Why not?
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

## (b) Complete the following.

When a petrol tanker is filled or emptied the build-up of charge can be dangerous.
This is because a ........................................ may occur and this can ignite the petrol
vapour and cause an explosion.

(1)

(Total 5 marks)
Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

26

www.edexcel-cie.com

No.
electrons
electrons
6a (i)
points in either order
6a (ii)

6a (iii)

Acceptable Ans.

Marks

both required

polythene is an (electrical)
insulator

## poor / bad (electrical) conductor

Reject: poor conductor of heat

## charge (or electrons)leak away /move

slowly (to earth)

## copper is an (electrical) conductor (so

charge is earthed)

1
1

heat

6b

spark/sparking

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Reject: flame

27

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Q16: (a) Complete the sentence:

Voltage is the .............................. transferred per unit .............................. passed.

(1)

(b) The circuit diagram shows a 1.5 V cell connected to a resistor. The current in the
circuit is 0.60 A.

(i) How much charge in coulombs flows through the cell in 2.0 s?
...............................................................................................................................
Charge flowing = ................................................. C

(2)

(ii) How much energy in joules is transferred to the resistor during this time?
...............................................................................................................................
Energy transferred = ............................................... J

(2)

## (iii) State one assumption you have made in (ii).

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(c) State two changes to the value of the circuit components that would each allow four
times as much energy to be transferred to a resistor in a two-second period.
1 ...................................................................................................................................
2 ...................................................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 8 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

28

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Correct Ans.
No.
energy charge
16 a
Q = I t / 0.60 2
16b (i)
16b (ii)
16b (iii)

16c

## = 1.2 (C) nwn

1.5 1.2
= 1.8 (J) nwn
no heat/energy lost in wires
or internal resistance or cell

## double cell voltage

quarter resistance value

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Acceptable Ans.

Reject

Marks

Joules coulomb

1
1
1
1
1
1

Allow ecf
cell has no internal
resistance/ all cells
voltage across
resistor/wires have no
resistance
3V
0.625 4 resistance
wire area
resistance wire length

no heat loss
100% efficient

29

www.edexcel-cie.com

2008 Nov
Q1: The diagram shows an electric circuit.

## (a) What do the symbols, A, B, C and D, represent?

A ...............................................................................................................................

(1)

B ...............................................................................................................................

(1)

C ...............................................................................................................................

(1)

D ...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(2)
(Total 6 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

30

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
(A) a.c. (power supply)
1a

## (B) (open) switch / switch which is

off
(C) (electric) motor
(D) variable resistance / rheostat

1b (i)

voltmeter
voltage/potential difference/p.d.

1b (ii)

ammeter
current/rate of flow of charge

Extra Info.

Marks

## do not credit just

power supply

Each point
carry 1
mark.
Total 4
marks
1

do not credit
meter
both parts required
do not accept
voltameter
voltemeter
voltagemeter etc
both parts required
do not accept
ampmeter
if the meters in
both (i) and (ii) are
correct
award (1) mark

31

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q5: (a) Explain why it may be dangerous to switch on a light when your hands are wet.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(2)

## (b) Many electrical appliances have a metal casing.

A live wire comes into contact with the metal casing.
Explain how an earth wire and a fuse prevent the user receiving an electric shock.
Earth wire .....................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Fuse ...............................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(2)

## (c) The resistance of a persons body is 10 000 ohms.

A current of 0.020 amps will give the person a serious electric shock.
Use the equation
voltage = current resistance
to calculate the minimum voltage in volts which will cause this.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Minimum voltage = ............................... V

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

32

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
water is a good conductor
5a

5b

5c

## (so increases chance of) (electric)

shock /current in the body/heart
failure
(large) current/flow of charge in
earth wire
melts fuse (wire) (in plug) and cuts
off the supply/electricity/current
200 (V)

Extra Info.

Marks
2

this mark

## allow (1) mark for

just (V = ) 0.02
10 000

33

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Q8: (a) A student connects a 12 V battery to a resistor as shown.

(i) Draw an arrow in the resistor to show the direction of electron flow.

(1)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
(2)
(b) The potential difference across the wire AB is 0.20 V when the current in the circuit
is 3.0 A.
The student leaves the circuit connected for 4 minutes.
(i) How much energy in joules is transferred from the battery to the wire AB in this
time?
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Energy transferred = .............................. J
(ii) Into what form is this energy transformed?
...............................................................................................................................

(2)
(1)

## (c) The 12 V battery is now replaced by a 6 V battery.

(i) How much energy in joules is transferred from the 6 V battery to the wire AB in
4 minutes?
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Energy transferred = .............................. J

(2)

...............................................................................................................................
(Total 9 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(1)

34

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
electrons have ve charge
8a(ii)

Extra Info.

8b(i)

0.2 x 3 x 4 = 2.4
scores (0/2)

8b(ii)
8c(i)
8c(ii)

## flow from ve and / or to + ve

0.20 x 3.0 x 240
= 144 (J)
thermal/heat
0.10 x 1.5 x 240
= 36 (J) / quartered
I halved
(V halved)

Marks
2

## ecf from (b)(i) e.g

0.6(J)

2
1
2
1

35

www.edexcel-cie.com

2009 June
Q6: In electrostatic paint spraying, the surface being painted is given a negative charge. The
paint emerges from the paint sprayer carrying a positive charge.
(a) The diagram shows a metal frame being painted.

## (i) Why is the paint attracted to the surface of the frame?

...............................................................................................................................
(ii) After one coat of this paint the paint is no longer attracted to the frame. Explain
why this is.

(1)

...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(b) A feature of electrostatic paint spraying is that the back of the metal frame is painted.
Explain why this happens.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(1)

(c) A disadvantage of electrostatic paint spraying is that many other things like walls get
painted as well. Suggest how this can be avoided.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
(d) Name two other uses of electrostatic charges.

(1)

1 ....................................................................................................................................
2 ....................................................................................................................................

(2)

(Total 6 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

36

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
opposite/unlike charges (attract)
6a (i)
6a (ii)
6b

6c
6d

## now positively charged/

like charges repel
charges on metal can move all
over/
whole frame is charged/
back is negative
give them a positive charge/
cover them up
photocopier/fingerprinting
(inkjet) printer
removing pollution from chimneys
sticking balloons to walls/any
classroom demonstration
safe use of sparks

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Info.

Marks

+ and (attract)

ignore neutral

1
1

1
Reject :
prevent explosions on aircraft

37

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q11: The circuit diagram shows a metal filament lamp connected in series to a battery, a closed
switch and a component X.

## (a) What is component X?

......................................................................................................................................

(1)

## (b) Adjusting component X alters the current in the lamp.

Complete the sentence.
Current is the ........................................... of flow of ............................................

(1)

(c) Complete the table for the equation in the box by writing the unit name in full.
Q=Ixt

Q
I
t

## Unit for Quantity

(3)
(d) (i) Name the particles which flow in the wire from A to B.
...............................................................................................................................
(ii) Explain why they flow in this direction.

(1)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(Total 7 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

38

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
variable resistance
11a
11b
11c

variable resistor
rheostat
rate .....
charge or any named charged particle
coulomb(s)
amp(ere)(s)
sec(ond)(s)

11d(i)

electrons

11d(ii)

negatively charged
or
attracted to positive
or
repelled from negative

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Reject

Marks

resistance
resistor
thermistor

1
1

C
A
s
ignore quantity e.g charge

1
1
1
1

39

www.edexcel-cie.com

2009 Nov
Q1: A student uses a hair dryer. The hair dryers plug contains a fuse.
The diagram shows the fuse.

(a) Explain how the fuse prevents too large a current in the hair dryer.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(2)

(b) The hair dryer is rated at 240 V, 1500W. Calculate the current rating in amps of the
hair dryer.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Current = ....................................A

(3)

(c) The fuse in the hair dryer blows and the student has to replace it.
The following fuses are available:
1A
3A
5A
13 A
i)Which fuse should the student choose? Put a cross ( ) in the correct box.
Fuse
Put
Rating cross
1A
3A
5A
13A
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(1)

40

www.edexcel-cie.com

## (d) A hair dryer heats up air.

Name one other example of electrical heating used in the home.
......................................................................................................................................

(1)

(Total 8 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

41

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
wire melts/blows
1(a)
1(b)
1c(i)
1c(ii)
1(d)

## breaks circuit/no current

Use of P = V I
1500 / 240
= 6.25 (A)
13A
all the others would blow dop
toaster / oven / kettle /bread
machine
/soldering iron etc.

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Information

Marks
1
3

not microwave

1
1
1

42

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Q13: A laptop computer has a rechargeable battery.

The battery takes 4 hours to charge fully when a voltage of 6 V is used with a current of
1.2 A.
(a) Use the equation
energy transferred = current voltage time
to calculate the energy transferred.
Show your working and give the unit.
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................
Energy = ..................................................

(3)

## (b) Complete the sentences.

(i) Voltage is the energy transferred per unit ................................................ passed.

(1)

(1)

(Total 5 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

43

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
103 680 (2) J/joules
13a
(1)

13b(i)
13b(ii)

charge
coulomb

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Information

Marks

## credit 4 60 60 (s) or 14400 (s)

with
(1)
note 28.8 J/joules is (2) and 28.8 is
(1)
and 1728 J/joules is (2)

## allow minor misspellings

allow C

1
1

44

www.edexcel-cie.com

2010 June
Q1: The circuit diagram shows how a student connects several components.
These include four identical 1.5 volt cells.

## (a) Identify component X.

......................................................................................................................................

(1)

## (b) State a difference between a fixed resistor and a variable resistor.

......................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

(1)

## (c) (i) Complete the sentence.

The four 1.5 volt cells are called a ........................................................................
(ii) Calculate the voltage, in volts, across the four cells.

(1)

...............................................................................................................................
Voltage = ............................. V

(1)

## (iii) The voltage across the fixed resistor is 3.8 V.

Calculate the voltage, in volts, across the rest of the circuit.
...............................................................................................................................
Voltage across the rest of the circuit = ................................. V
(d) The reading on ammeter R is 40 mA.
State the reading in milliamps on each of the other two ammeters.
ammeter P = .................... mA ammeter Q = .................... mA
(Total 6 marks)
Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(1)

(1)

45

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
(semiconductor) diode
1a
1b

1c(i)
1c(ii)
1c(iii)
1d

## can change the resistance of a

variable (resistor)
variable (resistor) can change
current/voltage
(6 volt) battery (of cells)
6 (V)
2.2 (V)
40 (mA).40 (mA).

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Information

Marks

## accept light emitting diode/LED

(half-wave) rectifier
or the converse
or the converse
must refer to I, V or R
ignore reference to symbo

1
1

## ecf candidates cii 3.8

both required

46

www.edexcel-cie.com

## Q7: A balloon is rubbed with a dry cloth on a dry day.

The balloon then sticks to a wall.
This is because the balloon has gained negative charge.

## Complete the following sentences.

(a) As the balloon is rubbed, .............................................. are transferred
from the .............................................. to the ..............................................
by .............................................. .

(3)

(b) The surface of the wall near to the balloon has a ..............................................charge.
This is because objects with .............................................. charges attract each other.

(2)

(Total 5 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

47

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
(negative) electrons
7a

friction

7b

positive /+
opposite/unlike

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Information

Marks

## dna negative charges

both required
correct order essential

1
1
1
1
1

Accept different

48

www.edexcel-cie.com

Q9: (a) Put a cross ( ) in front of two statements to show which of the following statements are
correct.
A 1 V is the ratio of energy transferred to charge passed.
B 1 V is the voltage when a current of 1 A dissipates 1 W of power.
C 1 V is the voltage when 1 J of energy is transferred when 1 C of charge passes.
D 1 V is the ratio of resistance to current.
(2)
(b) The diagram shows a battery connected to a resistor.

The terms conventional flow and electron flow are both used in current
electricity.
(i) Which one is represented by the arrow in this circuit?
.......................................... flow

(1)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

## (iii) A student set up this circuit.

She added an ammeter to measure the current in the circuit and a voltmeter to
measure the voltage across the resistor.
Add these meters to the circuit diagram.

(2)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

49

www.edexcel-cie.com

## (c) The student also had a stopwatch.

V = 3.0 V
I = 0.75 A
t = 2.0 minutes.
Calculate:
(i) the charge, in coulombs, passing through the resistor in 2.0 minutes
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Charge = .............................. C.
(ii) the energy, in joules, transferred to the resistor in 2.0 minutes.

(2)

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
Energy transferred = ................................. J

(2)

(Total 10 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

50

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
B (2nd definition)
9a
C (3rd definition)

9b(i)
9b(ii)
9b(iii)

9c(i)
9c(ii)

electron (flow)
electrons travel from /towards +
/electrons are negative(ly charged)
dop
ammeter in series
voltmeter in parallel with resistor or
battery
Q=Ixt
= 0.75 x 120 = 90 (C)
(E = IVt =) 0.75 x 3.0 x 120
= 270 (J)
or
(E = QV =) 90 3
= 270 (J)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

Extra Information

Marks

## if more than two

crosses, -1 for each

1
1
1
1

## allow extra ammeters if

in series but not in
middle of battery

## 0.75 x 2 = 1.5 (C) scores

1st mark only
do not penalise use of t = 2 here if
already penalised in c(i), in which
case an answer of 4.5 (J) scores 2
ecf their value of Q from c(i)
e.g. 1.5 x 3 = 4.5 (J) scores 2

1
1
1

51

www.edexcel-cie.com

2010 Nov
Q1: (a) State an equation which relates voltage, current and resistance.
......................................................................................................................................

(1)

## (b) There is an electric current in a copper wire.

(i) Complete the sentence.
This electric current is the rate of flow of .............................................................

(1)

## (ii) The copper wire is replaced by an aluminium wire.

This wire has the same thickness and the same length but a greater resistance.
What effect, if any, does this have on the electric current?
...............................................................................................................................
(1)
(c) The following circuit diagram shows the places where a student measures the current
in a circuit.

## (i) Identify component V.

...............................................................................................................................
(ii) State the reading in amps on

(1)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

(2)

52

www.edexcel-cie.com

(d) The following circuit diagram shows how a toymaker connects the lights in a toy
house.

## (i) Complete the sentence.

The lights in the toy house are connected in .........................................................

(1)

## (ii) Suggest one advantage of connecting the lights in this way.

...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................

(1)

(Total 8 marks)

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

53

www.edexcel-cie.com

Question Acceptable Ans.
No.
voltage = current x resistance
1a
1b(i)

V=IxR
charge/electrons /coulombs

Extra Information

Marks

## or any transposed version

allow symbols
dna ions

1
1

1b(ii)

lower/less/smaller/weaker/not as
strong

## dna slower or slows down

1c(i)

variable resistor/rheostat

1c(ii)

## ammeter Y 0.8 (A)

ammeter Z 1.2 (A)
parallel

1d(i)
1d(ii)

any one of
lights can be switched on/off
independently
if a light fails the others will remain
on
lights may not fade as extra light
switched on

## Khalid Mazhar Qureshi

1
1
1
dna same brightness

54

www.edexcel-cie.com