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MARKING SCHEME
MID YEAR EXAMINATION
PHYSICS FORM 5
PAPER 1
1
C
11
C
21
D
31
2
D
12
D
22
A
32
3
B
13
B
23
A
33
4
A
14
A
24
D
34
5
C
15
D
25
C
35
6
D
16
A
26
D
36
7
A
17
B
27
B
37
8
A
18
B
28
D
38
9
C
19
B
29
A
39
10
B
20
C
30
A
40
PAPER 2
SECTION A
NO.
MARKING CRITERIA
1 (a)
Displacement // distance // speed // velocity // acceleration //
deceleration // time
(b)
Tick the correct answer refer to 1(a) in the correct box
(c)
Average velocity = 80 .
30
= 2.67 m s -1
2(a) (i)
Zero error // systematic error
(ii)
26 s 2 s = 24 s
(b) (i)
T = 1.2 s
(ii)
Correct substitution in equation

B
A
C
B
B
B
C
C
B
C

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

D
C
C
C
B
A
A
D
A
D

SUB
1
1
1
1

(ii)
(iii)
4 (a)

10
g 2
T
(1.2) 2

2
2
4
= 4(3.142)
= 0.365 m / 36.5 cm / 0.37 m
The rate of change of displacement
a = 40 / 5
= 8 m s-2
constant deceleration
s = (12 + 5) x 40
= 340 m
Change of momentum // product of Force with time of impact // Ft = mv
mu ; F= force, t = time, m = mass, u = initial velocity, v = final velocity

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

(b) (i)

Impulsive force on the watermelon that strikes on surface A is larger than

the force on the watermelon that strikes on surface B / vice versa // 4.1 > 4.2

(ii)
(iii)

Time of impact on surface A is shorter than time of impact on surface B

A shorter time of impact will produce a larger force // inversely proportional
Sponge // carpet // towel // cloth // grass & other suitable materials
1. Body will be hold back by the seat belt when car stopped suddenly /
prevent the body jerk forward
2. The seat belt will lengthen slightly, the impulsive force inflicted on the
body will be less
3. To lengthen the time of impact (any 2 answers)

Electromagnetic waves.

(c)
(d)

4
1
1
1

3 (a)
(b) (i)

TOTAL

1
1
1
1
7

a)
b)

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1
1
1

c)
6

a)
b)

i) The distance Q is more further from the radar than P.

ii)Time Q Time P/ different time.
Tungsten
(i) P = V I
1 000 = 240 (I)
I = 4.17 A
(ii)

c)

V = IR
240 = 4.17 R
R = 57.6

(i) Electric energy

(ii) Ep = V I t
= 240 (6.0) (8.0 X 60)
= 6.912 X 105 J

a)
b)

1
1
1
1

Heat Energy

EQ = V I t
= 240 (5.0) (10.0 X 60)
= 7.200 X 105 J

1
1
1

ER = V I t
= 240 (4.0) (9.0 X 60)
= 5.184 X 105 J
All corrects
(iii) Most suitable is R because it consumes the least/lowest energy
(i) Parallel
(ii) The other bulbs are not affected.
(i)
The bulb releases 60 J of light and heat energy in one second
when it is connected to a 240 V supply.
(ii) P = VI
60 = 240(I)
I = 0.25 A
(iii) Resistance of one bulb

1
1

1
1
2
1
1

12

1
1

8 (a)

1
Total resistance, R= 320
1
1
(iv) The bulbs are connected in series.
There is no net flow of heat between two objects / the net transfer of heat energy is
zero // Two objects in thermal equilibrium have the same temperature.

12
1

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(b)
(c)
(d)

(i)
(ii)
Q1
(i)

Same temperature
450 C
= mc
= 0.2 x 1000 x (45-20)
= 5000 Joule / J - with unit
5000 = mc
C=

(e)

(ii)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

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1
1
1
1
1
1

5000
0.1 x (100 45)

SECTION B
No
9
(a) (i)
Density is defined as the ratio of mass with volume. // = m/V, m = mass,
V = volume // mass per volume
(ii)
- The density of the water in the sea is higher than the density of water in
the river // 10.1 > 10.2
- The level of submergence of the boat in Figure 10.1 is less (than Figure
10.2.)
- The volume of seawater displaced in Figure 10.1 is lower (than Figure
10.2.)
- When density higher, volume of water displace smaller // vice versa
- When density higher, level of submergence of the boat less // vice versa
(iii)
Archimedes principle.
(iv)
When an object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid, it experiences a
buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
(b)
When the ballast tanks are filled with seawater, the weight of the
submarine
increases.
Its density is more than that of seawater // Volume of the water displaced
increases than submerges into the water.
Buoyant force now is less than the weight of the submarine.
(c)
Modification
Reason
Streamline
Moves through sea easily
Strong material
Can withstand the high water pressure in the deep sea.
Ballast tank
periscope
Immersion suit

Enables the submarine to submerge or rise

to observe the sea surroundings.
Protects the crew from hypothermia from immersion.

(a) (i) Electric energy

(ii) Parallel circuit

Light energy

Heat energy

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1
1
1
12
Mark
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1+1

1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1

TOTAL
10

= 909.1 J kg-1 0C-1 (with correct unit)

No heat lost to surrounding / all energy is absorbed
Low specific heat capacity / high density / bigger mass / high melting point /
good conductor of heat
Heat up faster / more stable / not melt easily / transfer heat faster
High specific heat capacity // insulator/poor conductor of heat // high melting
point
TOTAL

20
1
4

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bulb

Dry cell

Series Circuit
bulb

Dry cell

(b) (i) Bulbs in Figure 17 is brighter than Figure 16

- Brightness of all the bulbs in each circuit is the same.
- The potential difference across each bulb in Figure 17 is the same as
the battery.
- The potential difference across each bulb at figure 17 is more than
potential difference across each bulb at Figure 16.
- Current at each bulb in Figure 17 is more than at Figure 16.
(c)
Modification
Explanation
1. Connect the bulbs in parallel
Heat is supplied even though one
of the bulb is fused.
2. Put the eggs in a rack that
Can keep more eggs
consists of multi level racks.
3. Fix a fan.
so that all eggs obtain equal heat
4. Fix more bulbs in parallel to
More heat is produced
the circuit.
5. Fix a timer or thermostat
Time for hatching can be known.
6. The base of the rack with
eggs is connected to a motor
that can rotate.

SECTION C
No
11 (a)
(b)

All eggs are supplied heat uniformly

The rate of work done // the rate of energy transferred
Electrical energy to gravitational potential energy

1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2

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Mark
1
1

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(c)

(i)
(ii)

(d)

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Energy output = mgh

= (600) ( 10 ) ( 100)
= 600000 J
Energy input = P x t
= 45000 x 16.0
= 720000 J
Efficiency = Output energy x 100 %
Input energy
= 600000 J x 100%
720000 J
= 83.33 %
Part of energy is lost as heat in the motor and
work is done to overcome the fiction

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1
1
1
1
1
1
1

(e)
Crane C is choosen because it has High efficiency, High strength, Long
life span and Low cost

2
2

Characteristics of crane
High efficiency
High strength
Long life span
Low cost
Characteristics
Density
Melting point

12 (a)

Suitability
Low
High

Reason
To increase the useful energy output//
To reduce the wasted energy
Can withstand a larger force or heavier
load // will not break easily
Can use for a longer time// Can last
longer
Save money// save cost
Explanation
Lighter // can be carried anywhere
Prevent from melting when hot food is stored
into it.
Takes a long time to heat up. Enable dissipate
heat quickly.
Ensure that heat is not lost easily.

Specific heat
High
capacity
Thermal
Low
conductivity
Material R because light in weight (i), has a high melting point (ii), high specific
heat capacity (iii) and low thermal conductivity (iv)
(b) (i)
(ii)

(c) (i)
(ii)

Specific latent heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required for 1 kg of

substance to change from liquid into vapour at a constant temperature.
- (Latent) heat (of vaporization) is absorbed from our body.
- The sweat evaporates.
- The body feels cool by the removal of the heat.
- When a fan is rotating, there is increases the speed of circulation of air // increases
the rate of sweat evaporates
Pt = ml
l = Pt/m = 0.1 x 103 x 156 / 0.05
= 312 kJ kg-1 // 312 000 J kg-1 // 312 x 103 J kg-1
= 218 78 = 140 oC
c = Pt/m = 0.1 x 103 x 72 / 0.05 x 140
= 1028.57 J kg-1 oC-1

2
2
1
1

1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

`PAPER 3

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SECTION A

No Soalan
1 (a)
1 (b)

1 (c)

Jawapan
(i) MV : mass of slotted weights, m
(ii) RV : The volume of the slotted weight,V
(iii) CV : Density of slotted weight.
(i) 27 cm3
(ii) & (iii)
m = 50.0 g, Vi = 33 cm3
V = 33 27 = 6 cm3
m = 100.0 kg, Vi = 39 cm3
V = 39 27 = 12 cm3
m = 150.0 kg, Vi = 45 cm3
V = 45 27 = 18 cm3
m = 200.0kg, Vi = 51 cm3
V = 51 27 = 24 cm3
m = 250.0 kg, Vi = 57 cm3
V = 57 27 = 30 cm3
Mass,
Volume
Volume of the
m/kg
Vi/ cm3
slotted weights
V = Vi V0
50.0
33
6
100.0
39
12
150.0
45
18
200.0
51
24
250.0
57
30

1 (d)
3

V/cm
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

1 (e)

50

100 150 200

250

V directly proportional to m

m/g

markah
1
1
1
1
(ii)
betul semua 2
betul 3 atau 4 1
betul 1 atau 2 0
(iii)
betul semua 2
betul 3 atau 4 1
betul 1 atau 2 0
1 table shows m,Vi and V
2 correct unit for m, Vi and V

A V at y-axis and m at x- axis

B correct units at both axis

C Uniform scale at both axis

D 5 Points plotted correctly
E Best straight line

F minimum size of graph 5 X 4

big square: 2 cm X 2 cm

(from the origin to the last point)

7 - 5 marks
5/6 - 4 marks
3/4 - 3 marks
2 - 2 marks
1 - 1 mark
1

Q2
(a)(i)
State the relationship between x and 1/a correctly
x is directly propotional to 1/a
(ii) 1/a = 0.25
Show horizontal line parallel to the axis with the 1/a axis
x = 0.425 m
(iii) a = 2.22 m
(b)(i) Calculate the gradient of the graph and state the value within the
acceptable range
Show the triangle with an acceptable size ( 4 x 4 squares of 2 cm)
Substitute correctly ( according to the candidates graph)
m = 2.25/ 0.9

Mark
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State the correct value of the gradient with unit

= 2.5 m2
Substitute the gradient from b (i) correctly
= 2.5/5
State the correct answer with unit
= 0.5 m
(d) State ONE correct precaution so as to produce an accurate result of the
experiment
The experiment must be held on the field to avoid
reflection of sound waves.
TOTAL

Q
3(a)
(b)
(c)

Inference: The depth of water influence the pressure at sea level.
Hypothesis:
The deeper the water level, the higher the pressure in liquid (coloured water)
Aims:To investigate the relationship between the depth of water and the pressure
in liquid.
Variable:
Manipulated variable: depth of water, h
Responding variable: pressure in water ( the difference in the level,l, of coloured
water in the manometer )
Fix variable : Density of water
Apparatus and materials:
Thin piece of rubber, rubber tube, thistle funnel, tall plastic bottle, rubber band,
retort stand and clamp, metre rule and manometer and water.

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1
1
1
1

12

M
1
1
1
1
1
1

Setup up as shown in the labeled diagram or description in the procedure

Procedure:Controlling the manipulated variables:
1- The apparatus is arranged as shown in the diagram
2- The thistle funnel is immersed into the water so that its depth, h=5.0 cm
Measuring the responding varables:
3- The difference in the levels, l of coloured water in the manometer is
measured and recorded.
Repeating experiment:
4- Procedures 2 and 3 are repeated for h=10.0 cm, 15.0 cm, 20.0 cm and
25.0 cm
Depth, h / cm
Difference in level, l / cm
5.0
10.0
15.0

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Q4
a)
b)
c)(i)
(ii)

(iii)
(iv)

(v)

(vi)

State a suitable inference
An electric current//Resistance depend on the length of wire
State the relevant hypothesis
When the length of wire increases, the electric current also
decreases// resistance increase.
State the aim of experiment
To study the relationship between the electric current// resistance
and the length of wire
State the manipulated variable and responding variable
Manipulated variable : The length of wire
Responding variable : The electric current//resistance
State ONE variable that kept constant
Fixed variable : The diameter of wire/E.m.f
Complete list of apparatus and materials
Constantan wire, dry cells, ammeter and metre rule/ and voltmeter.
Arrangement of apparatus

Mark
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

State the method of controlling the manipulated variable

1. The apparatus is set up as shown in figure.
2. A length of constantan wire l = 20.0 cm is measured by using metre rule and is
connected across terminal X and Y
State the method of measuring the responding variable
3. The switch is closed and the electric current, I is recorded by using ammeter.//
and voltmeter then calculate R.
Repeat the experiment at least 4 times
The experiment is repeated with constantan wires of length l =30.0 cm, 40.0 cm,
50.0 cm and 60.0 cm
Tabulation of data
The length of wire, l
(cm)

(vii)

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The electric current,

I(A)

The voltage,
V (Volt)

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1
1

R =V/I(Ohm)

Analysis of data
1
Plot a graph of t against m
TOTAL

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