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I-Search: Scuba Diving

By Tori Singley

Part 1
For the focus of my I-search, I chose to do scuba diving. I've always wanted to learn about it because someday I wish to do it; I’ve just never gotten the chance. About a month ago, there was a scuba diving course at the pool I swim at but I was too busy with swim team that I didn’t get the chance to do it. I don't know that much about it so after doing this project, I hope to learn more. Right now, I know that you can swim underwater using an oxygen tank. This tank allows you to breathe underwater without having to come up for air. If it runs out, you have to fill it up in order for your safety. You also wear a wet suit, flippers, goggles, and other gadgets and devices that are necessary. You are able to swim beneath the surface with turtles, fish, and other underwater life. I already love to swim so being able to do it so far beneath the surface would be an adventure that I can’t wait to experience. I already know that being able to scuba dive will come in handy if I ever visit somewhere like Hawaii.

Part 2
To begin my I search, I set up an account on Mr. Gibbs’ class discussion board. I then chose a topic that I was interested in doing research on. Scuba diving has always intrigued me so I picked it. I then had to write everything I already knew about it, which wasn’t really that much. After stating my common knowledge about it, I set up a powerpoint of essential and scaffolding questions. I researched all of the questions I had using the internet, the library, and a close source, my friend Camille. When I found good sites, I would save them on my acount on Delicious. One day, we as a class went to the library so that the librarian, Ms. Hansen could tell us about a good researching site called Infotrac and other helpful tips. I then continued my research and found books on Amazon and articles on Infotrac. After finishing my powerpoint and collecting all of my facts, I was able to start writing my paer.

Part 3
My research was very thorough and I found out all of the basic and necessary things you need to know about scuba diving. Having this knowledge enables me to try to get certified and take classes. I was able to talk to my friend, Camille Miguel about scuba diving. She is recently a certified diver and told me that taking classes is definitely worth it because in the end, being certified comes in handy when you go to places like Hawaii or the Bahamas on vacation. First of all, before you even get in the water, you have to know all of the safety precautions you need to take. According to Maldives Diving Safety, a
diver should follow these diving safety steps:

○ Attend all the classes before actually stepping inside the world of water.

Before diving in the water, one must check and recheck all the dive equipments to ensure standard of safety.

○ Know local weather before diving. ○ Never dive without your trainer and without fellow divers. ○ Follow all the instructions given to you by your professional trainer.

When there is heavy or strong current flowing, try to stick to the reef away from the main current point.

○ Take extra underwater torch with you to support visibility while diving. ○ Do not descend deeper than 30 meters and indulge in nodecompression diving. Knowing these precautions will come in handy when you are getting ready to dive in. It will make the diving experience just that much safer and there is a less chance of getting hurt if you follow these steps. Secondly, you have to know all of the devices and gadgets that are necessary in order to scuba dive. According to scuba-diving-smiles, the

absolutely necessary items for scuba diving are a scuba mask, scuba booties, scuba fins and scuba snorkel. Some other items that are good to have is a scuba regulator, scuba diving computer, dive table, tank bangers, knife, dive slate, diving gloves, scuba wetsuit, dive light, safety aids, and a mesh dive bag. If I want to buy all of these items for myself, I can go to scuba diving smiles and purchase them.

They are costly though so if I don’t want to buy them, I can borrow my friend Camille’s gear because she owns most of her own. Third of all, I want to take classes to learn how to scuba dive and get certified. I wanted to take them at the Cunningham pool in Valliejo but I recently found out that they aren’t offering classes anymore. So I went online and found the Scuba Fusion Dive Center in Monterey that’s rated the third best dive center in the U.S. There are classes in October and November so I am able to work around my own schedule. These are the available classes:  Oct 2nd Weekend Open Water Class starts  Oct 10th-11th Weekend Ocean Dives in Monterey  Oct 16th Weekend Open Water Class starts  Oct 23rd Weekend Open Water Class starts  Oct 31st-1st Weekend Ocean Dives in Monterey  Nov Nov 6th Weekend Open Water Class starts  Nov 13th Weekend Open Water Class starts  Nov 21st - 22nd Weekend Ocean Dives in Monterey Thanksgiving Break When I first wanted to learn how to scuba dive I was worried about the costs but after I found this place in Monterey, I can probably afford it. Depending on what class I take, the costs will vary. These are the costs:  $179 Open Water  $119 Referral  $64 Student Kit  $99 Open Water Rental  $64 Referral Rental

Before I get in the water, I want to know how many people get hurt while scuba diving so I know what I’m getting myself into. According to the Scuba Guide, scuba fatality estimates at around 5 fatalities per 100,000 divers whom of which are usually irresponsible and reckless. But about a third of those are the result of heart or circulation problems and the most common of which is a heart attack or cardiac arrest which is tragically almost always fatal if it happens while submerged. After hearing that, I don’t really have anything to be that concerned about which soothes me. I then wanted to know how many people actually scuba dive. But since Scuba Diving is not a regulated industry it’s hard to pin down an exact answer. The most accurate estimate is on Scuba Diving Smiles from The University of South Carolina's scuba diving club. They report an estimated 2.5-3.5 million Americans participate in recreational SCUBA diving. They also state another 500,000 become certified each year in the United States. I just hope I am able to add to that number.

Finally, if I do get certified, I want to know where the best places to scuba dive are located. According to PADI(Professional Association of Diving Instructors), these are the most popular places to scuba dive: 1. The Great Barrier reef, Australia 2. Sulawesi Island 3. Little Cayman, British West Indies 4. Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands 5. Sharm El-Sheikh, Egyptian Red Sea 6. Cocos Island 7. The Maldives 8. Belize 9. Turks and Caicos 10.Cozumel Island, Mexico Since these places are a little extreme and far away, I won’t be able to visit these until the very near future hopefully. After completing my research and talking to my friend, I feel that it’s time for me to go out and take lessons to get certified. This has enlightened me and now that I have all of this knowledge, I want to use it.Works Cited

Cayford, John E. "The How To Book of Scuba Diving." Amazon Books. Fawcett Publications, Web. 7 Oct 2009. <http://www.amazon.com/How-Book-Scuba-DivingFawcett/dp/B001AVRRTA/ref=sr_1_7?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252605864&sr=87>.

Cousteau, Francine. "Go scuba diving! Become an eyewitness to the sea's splendor--and help protect it for future generations.(Eco Talk)." Natural Health 39.5 (May 2009): 89(1). Student Resource Center - Bronze. Gale. Benicia High School Library. 7 Oct. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/gps/start.do?prodId=IPS>.

"Diving Safety." Tourism in Maldives. Web. 9 Oct 2009. <http://www.tourisminmaldives.com/scuba-diving-in-maldives/diving-safety.html>.

"Dive Safety through Education." NAUI Worldwide. NAUI Worldwide, Web. 6 Oct 2009. <http://www.naui.org/>.

Forsyth, Frederick. "Day of the scuba diver." Spectator (August 12, 2006): NA. Student Resource Center - Bronze. Gale. Benicia High School Library. 7 Oct. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/gps/start.do?prodId=IPS>.

"How many people scuba dive?" Scuba Diving Smiles. Web. 13 Oct 2009. <http://www.scuba-diving-smiles.com/how-many-people-scuba-dive.html>.

Miguel, Camille. Interview by Tori Singley. 10-001-2009. Print.

"Open Water Scuba Certification Course." Scuba Fusion Dive Center. Web. 13 Oct 2009. <http://www.scubafusion.com/classes_openwater.htm>.

"Pictures of Scuba Gear." Scuba-Diving-Smiles. Web. 14 Oct 2009. <http://www.scuba-diving-smiles.com/pictures-of-scuba-gear.html>.

Reynolds, Glenn Harlan. "Seeing new depths: high-tech test dive: Will the spread of bubble-free rebreather systems change diving forever?." Popular Mechanics 183.12 (Dec 2006): 58(2). Student Resource Center Bronze. Gale. Benicia High School Library. 7 Oct. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/gps/start.do?prodId=IPS>.

Ring, Ian. "Scuba Diving." Scuba Guide. Web. 13 Oct 2009. <http://www.thescubaguide.com/>.

"Scuba Diving Safety." Family Doctor. 09-01-00. Web. 6 Oct 2009. <http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/healthy/physical/sports/156.html>.

"Scuba Spots." The World's oldest, largest scuba directory. Web. 6 Oct 2009. <http://www.scubaspots.com/>.

Serrus, Don. "Beginners Guide to Scuba Diving." Amazon Books. 08 011 2008. James J. Jones, Web. 7 Oct 2009. <http://www.amazon.com/Beginners-Guide-toScuba-Diving/dp/B001E4HW84/ref=sr_1_6? ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252605734&sr=8-6>.

"The Source for California Scuba Diving Information." Diver. 02 013 2007. Web. 7 Oct 2009. <http://www.diver.net/>.