Offensive Line Manual 2010

INTRO
Proper Stance
3 Point Stance •Balanced •Feet shoulder width, staggered •Back flat •Head up Run Blocking •More Aggressive blocking •Attack the defender •Seal the defender away from the ball carrier – point your butt to the ball carrier •Keep your head up and your feet moving

Blocking Basics

Proper Blocking Technique
Approach •Set position for delivering a block •Squatted with butt low •Knees inside of ankles •Head up •Work off of instep •Six inch playside jab step •Pull arms back •Gather step splits the defenders legs

2 Point Stance •Balanced •Feet shoulder width, staggered •Chest out •Head up

Pass Blocking •Let the defender come to you •Set up with outside foot back •HOT technique – Hands On Torso •Keep feet moving and deliver a blow to the numbers with the palms of your hands •Do not let defender beat you inside GET YOUR HANDS ON THE DEFENDER SO HE CAN’T USE HIS ON YOU

Fit •Set underneath defender •Drive arms through the defender •Hands jammed into chest plate •Thumbs up •Lift up & drive hips through •Keep feet moving Finish •Chase the defender back – accelerate •Maintain a solid base •Drive through to the whistle

BLOCKING BASICS
Know where POA is, ID man to block, determine block type and aiming point.
•Approach –Proper Block Steps (Always PS foot) • Drive Block (Base) • Down Blocks • Gap Seal/Reach (Used in Inside and Outside Zone) • Pull and Trap (Used in Trapping and Folding) A. Drive Step -6 inch directional step toward Aiming Point. Usually used for Base block and in combo blocks for slip man. B. Lead Step -6 inch directional step toward Aiming Point. Used for Base, Zone Blocking schemes, or Down blocks. C. Slide Step -6 inch directional step toward Aiming Point. Used for Gap Seal/Reach and in Zone Blocking schemes. D. Drop Step -6 inch directional step toward Aiming Point. Used for Outside Zone Blocking when covered and facing an OUTSIDE SHADE defender, on combo blocks, or when folding. E. Bucket Step -6 inch directional step toward Aiming Point but puts hips more perpendicular to LOS. Used for Outside Zone Blocking when uncovered, inside trap and pulling. •Contact –Deliver “punch”. Extension of knees and hips and the contact of the hands/arms. Keep knees over and in front of toes. –Head locked into Aim Pt. –Fit Up –Moving feet and staying engaged, establish position between defender and POA •Follow-Through –Maintain Position – achieve “lockout” –Finish the block. Wide base, proper head position locks man in place, maintain head and hand position at all times, keep feet moving.

A B C

A B C

L
D E E D

Note to Coaches: See Block Progression Chart for proper punch sequence and aim points.

O-Line Play 1
The success of our football team will be directly proportionate to our ability to dominate the line of scrimmage in regards to both the run and pas. Proper development and utilization of technique will allow you to dominate the defenders in all situations. Remember, there is no substitute for technique combined with effort. I. EXECUTION OF ASSIGNMENTS - BASIC PROGRESSION •Within the framework of an assignment's, the following sequence must be understood: • Theory of Play/Situation • Alignment • Stance • Approach • Contact • Follow Through •Know the Offense - Learn by, ''Concepts''. • Have a thorough knowledge of every play in the offensive scheme and understand what the desired end result is. • Know the total play scheme and adjustment ... not just your individual assignment. • Understand the reaction of the defense in regards to the action if the play as it unfolds- Football is not a static game ... be able to adjust to defensive reaction. • Be aware of particular plays that are set up to take advantage of an individual, a defense, or a game situation. • Most importantly, know your assignment in regards to the play thoroughly ... the what, why, and how of your job. •Know the basics of your opponent's defense. • Understand basic defenses used by our opponents and responsibilities of each position in a particular defensive look. • Contain or pressure defense? • Multiple or basic look? Who is in what Gap? • Down and distance/field position tendencies? • Stunt/Blitz situations. • Particular strengths and weaknesses of the defense • How will the defense adjust to play our particular offense? • Know your opponent through careful evaluation • What are his strengths and weaknesses. • Does he play on or off the LOS? • Does he ''read'', reacting to your moves just or does he ''charge'' using pressure tactics? • Does he change his pace, mixing up his play? • Does his alignment predetermine his type of play? • Does the particular situation pre-determine his style of play? • Is he susceptible to certain offensive techniques? • Does he read well and is thus easily influenced? II. ASSIMILATION OF TECHNIQUES • Explanation - introduction of technique and its important variables. • Demonstration - observation of mechanics and their proper sequence of application. • Visualization - mental assimilation of technique and its execution. • Practice - physically performing the technique and mastering, through repetition. • Game Execution - utilization of technique in competition. • Animation - review and study of technique.

O-Line Play 2
III. ALIGNMEMNT • Your pre-snap placement on the line of scrimmage is very important. Correct alignment will allow you to carry out your assignment; incorrect alignment will hinder the completion of your assignment. • 2'' splits as starting point. Hand aligned on Center's heel. • Alignment will vary in regards to particular plays. • Splits are both vertical and horizontal. • Tackles must be up on LOS on both run and pass. IV. STANCE-RUN BLOCKING • One of the most important variables of a good offensive lineman is a fundamentally sound stance that will enable you to move in all directions easily and effectively without tipping off your intentions. The stance must provide the essentials of explosion, plus the mechanics of lift and power; at the same time, must allow body control and quick change of direction. • Feet - shoulder width apart with toe to heel stagger. Toes straight ahead with weight on balls of feet. • Knees - the up foot is placed in a position where you have power producing angles at the ankles and knee joints The heel of the back foot will be an inch off the ground. This will form power producing angles in the knees, ankles and hip flexors. • Hands - down hand should be on all 5 fingertips and placed under your eye and in front of mar shoulder with approximately 20% of your weight balanced on hand. Non-grounded hand should be in ''Ready'' position on top of thigh. • Head - shoulder - back - shoulders are parallel to ground with back flat. Head in natural position with no strain. Eyes up. • Consistency - keep stance constant. • Center's Stance - mechanics of stance remain consistent. Center may stagger either foot as needed. • Your stance will vary based upon body type. V FUNDAMENTALS OF CENTER SNAP • Nothing is more important than the Quarterback receiving the football cleanly from the snap. • You must be able to snap the football and step/set simultaneously. • The ball must be lifted by pulling the elbow upwards and keeping the wrist firm. This will produce a high, consistent snap. • Communicate with the Quarterback about any problem • The bottom line is that you must be able to execute all techniques that are required, of the Guards and Tackles, after you snap the ball. VI. RUN BLOCKING TECHNIQUES • Techniques are the methods employed by a Blocker to successfully execute his Assignment. These methods fall into two broad classification: remove and contain. • A "veer" technique is one that is employed to vertically and/or horizontally displace a Defender from an area and is usually used at the point of attack. A zone technique is one that is employed to prevent a Defender from getting to his area of assignment and/or limit his pursuit. In both cases, the fundamentals of approach, contact, and follow through remain consistent with an emphasis on the proper sequence of mechanics. Approach - proper steps and anticipation of Defender's movement; aiming points. Contact - proper contact points and body position provide leverage for movement. Leverage is a function of your relation to the Defender and your own body alignments. Follow Through - proper leg, drive and pressure points to sustain movement and adjust to Defender's second reaction.

O-Line Play 3
VII. PASS PROTECTION IN THEORY In regards to the passing game, the most fundamental aspect is the protection. The most sophisticated pass cannot be executed unless the Quarterback is free from harassment. Individual technique combined with a thorough knowledge of the scheme provides the basis for sound pass protection. Within an offense, pass protection falls into two primary categories, drop back and play action, each of equal importance Every pass protection technique, regardless of which type of pass series is being protected, is a function of four elements: set, footwork, contact/punch, and follow through. These elements do not exist in isolation, rather they all operate as an integrated whole through a proper sequence of mechanics. And in the final analysis, all four of these elements, which are employed through the appropriate sequential order, strive to maximize your leverage vs. the Defender. Leverage is the key concept. VIII. DROPBACK TECHNIQUE •Stance (2 Pt) •Feet- toes out; weight on inside of feet from toe to heel. •Knees — forward and pressed in; knees should be inside of feet. •Shoulders/head — back; upper body should be almost perpendicular to ground •Hands/arms — eye level with slight 6" bend in arms, relaxed but ready to strike, hands open. •Set (Tackles only) •Depth of set is a function of Defender’s alignment; you must set to the intersection point between the Quarterback and Defender (A, B, C, and D). Vs. a Wide Defender set deep on vertical line (A and B). Vs. Head Up Defender—set hard on LOS (C). Vs. Inside Defender- power set inside (D). •ENTIRE O—LINE (FOOTWORK) •Set back. Over aggressiveness on set will get you in trouble; set firm. •Stay square between Quarterback and Defenders. Your shoulders should always be square to the Quarterback. •Set with your outside foot and hand splitting the Defender’s crotch. Always take the inside mesh away. •When setting out of 3 Pt stance to 2 Pt stance, get your head back and eyes and hands up quickly. Tail should be low and knees bent. •It is very important to give 1-2 feet depth on an “Inside" set vs. an inside aligned Defender so as to take him on square with contact. •The set gets you into a good pass pro stance, square to the Defender and inside out. •While sliding your feet, keep them close to the ground and maintain wide base. •As you slide your feet, keep them square to Defender. Vs an inside veer rush, the initial set step will be a "power step" inside to provide strength to your set and stop penetration. •Your footwork should always keep you in an inside—out relationship with the Defender. •Contact/Punch - An effective pass pro punch incorporates three factors: timing, technique, strength. •Timing - strike opponent when he is within arms reach of you; if you strike too early, you will over extend and loose balance. If you strike too late, you will get collapsed and loose leverage Being patient and timing your punch is very important; be "locked-out" on contact. •Technique - always strike a "rising blow" you hands should be above your eyes. •Your aiming point is hands inside the Rusher’s and in his numbers; this gives you leverage keep your elbows inside the frame of your body as you punch, your head and weight must come back. your goal of the punch is to stop the Rusher’s charge and lockout on him. •you must have both feet on the ground on your punch — set your feet out of your slide before you punch yourself "off" the Defender.

O-Line Play 4
•Strength - you must have the ability to stop a "bull rush". Your strength to stop the Rusher is a combination of your technique (including filming) and your lower body strength; the strength to stop a charge comes from the legs, hips, and torso. The arms are merely an extension of the torso and legs. •A good base is necessary to provide an effective punch; feet slightly wider than shoulder width, toes out; weight on inside of feet; knees bent and inside of toes; head back and torso perpendicular to ground as you strike with your arms and hands, ‘strain" your body as you tense your lower body. * you should feel like you are "punching yourself off the defender", rather than punching him off of you. Use your "skeletal strength". •After Initial punch and lockout maintain upward leverage; if you are over powered, recoil both feet as you "hip yourself off" the Defender, get your head back and sink your tall. Regroup and ready yourself for another punch •Follow Through •Stay square between Defender and Quarterback; inside out! •Keep your leverage by keeping locked-out with your hands at eye level and your hands in the Defender’s numbers and your eyes below his eyes. •Keep your weight back, which prevents over-extension and loss of balance •As you slide, keep inside - out relationship with the Defender, give as much depth as necessary, but keep the width and depth of the pocket. •As you mirror Defender, think with your hip! IX. PLAY ACTION INDIVIDUAL TECHNIQUE – BASIC •Set •Aggressive Base Block. •Drive eyes to inside number of Defender. •Drive hands through numbers. •Strike a rising blow. •Should took like run block. HATS DOWN •Footwork •Step with your foot nearest to Defender’s inside number to prevent penetration. •Drive Defender off the LOS •Keep feet square to LOS •Mirror Defender’s second reaction with regular drop back progression. •Contact •Lock out and leverage Defender as in regular pro. •Pass Protection Tips •Get set up quickly into good fundamental position with knees bent, body under control. If your opponent contacts you while you are still leaning back to set up he has the advantage •Know where the Launch point is on each pass play. Know which side to favor, as well as how deep you can be without interfering with the Passer. •Make contact with your opponent on or near the LOS as you set back.

Pipe Drill
1 STEP: 2 STEP DRILL Purpose: Teach lineman footwork of base, reach, drop and trap pull steps. Technique: Lead Step 1 STEP: From 3 point stance lineman picks up foot and steps 6 inches right or left and points foot at 45 degree angle. Drive both hands back tight to hip pockets, drive other knee to the ground and keep flat back. 2nd STEP: Square Up Step. With opposite foot 12 inches on a straight line upfield keeping a good wide base and throw arms tightly through sides of body with thumbs pointed up. In a Down Block, the 2nd step is parallel to the lead step and keeps blocker on a path to the inside shoulder of target. Do not square up to man as we are trying to drive down LOS. Used For: (Base, Zone and Down) Technique: Slide/Reach Step 1 STEP: From 3 point stance lineman picks up foot and steps out 12 inches right or left and points foot straight upfield. Drive both hands back tight to hip pockets and keep flat back. A Reach will call for a slightly upfield step. 2nd STEP: Step with take big drive step upfield 45 Degree angle keeping a good wide base and throw arms tightly through sides of body with thumbs pointed up. Used For: (Gap Seal, Reach) Technique: Drop Step 1 STEP: From 3 point stance lineman picks up foot and steps backwards 6 inches right or left and points foot at 45 degree angle toward aiming point. Drive both hands back tight to hip pockets, drive other knee to the ground and keep flat back. 2nd STEP: Step with opposite foot 6 inches on 45 Degree angle keeping a good wide base and throw arms tightly through sides of body with thumbs pointed up. Used For: (Inside Trap, Scoop Slip, Fold) Technique: Bucket Step 1 STEP: From 3 Point stance Lineman picks up foot drops it back at 90 degree angle. Lineman needs to throw elbow on first step while keeping back flat. 2nd STEP: Pivot off of this step with power step down LOS keeping good base and pump arms when running and keep a flat black. Used For: (Trap/Pull, Fold)

Base / Zone

1 2 3

Down
1 2

Slide/Reach
1 3 2 1

Drop

3

2 1

Bucket
2

3

Chute Drill
– Purpose: Teach lineman to take small choppy steps and keep base on run blocking – Technique: From 3 point stance line up lineman just out side chute. On cadence lineman take short quick choppy steps. Lineman try to take as many steps as possible before getting through the chute while pumping their arms and keeping their back flat. • Fire out low with head up, (remember proper steps), eyes on target • Wide base, chop feet, keep moving. • Idea is to take several small choppy steps through chute • On contact with bag, continue to drive out of chute, STAY ON BLOCK

Block Progression Chart
1. 2. Drive Block (Base) 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. Down Block 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. Gap Seal / Reach Block 3. 4. 5.
1. 2.

1st Step – Lead step toward Aiming Point 2nd Step – Power Step, Split defender Inside Hand Punch to numbers Outside Hand Punch to PS number Drive away from POA 1st Step – Lead step toward Aiming Point 2nd Step – Inside Numbers of defender (head in front) Outside Hand Punch to PS shoulder Inside Hand Punch to numbers Drive down LOS 1st Step – Slide, Drop or Lead step toward Aiming Point 2nd Step - Rollover and drive off of lead step Outside Hand Punch to PS number Inside Hand Punch to numbers, GET LOCKOUT Drive away from POA
1st Step – Drop or Bucket Step PS Foot 2 step gains ground down LOS
n d

1

3

2

1

2

3 1

2

3 2 1

Trap/Pull or Combo Blocks

3. 4.

Deliver punch with inside hand as guide Drive down LOS

Mirror - Stay on Block Drill
– – – – Purpose: Teaches fit position, punch, and proper block progression, Teaches good lateral movement, Teaches OL to stay on blocks and DL to neutralize blocks while following the play and not take a shortcut away from play. Technique: The 1st version involves both men are side shuffling, getting low, fitting up and delivering blow, Go to far cone and back. The 2nd version involves one man as defender while the other is a blocker. Offensive man can either fire out of a stance at the line or a few yards back to simulate blocking a LB. Defender can line up head up or shaded toward the PS gap. On call, offensive man takes a strong playside step to establish position, defender takes a hard charge into PS gap. Blocker will fit up and maintain position on defender all the way to far cone, while defender will attempt to beat blocker around edge into PS gap. The defender wants to stay ahead of the blocker, neutralizing his block while offensive man must maintain position on him at all times, driving him off LOS. End at far cone, reset and come back.

Sled Blocking
– – – Purpose: Combines several of the blocking drills into one unit that allows for more group participation and conditioning. Line starts on left side pad and goes right then on next rep starts right and blocks left. Setup in stance across from sled. On callout OL will execute the block assigned block to last cone then sprinting back to start line. Repeat This drill will promote explosion off the ball and will ensure that they strike low and drive. Base Cutoff LB Reach

Down/Reach

Fold

Slam (on 6 Man)

Slip/Scoop

The Circuit
Purpose: Combines several of the drills into one unit that allows for more group participation and conditioning – Start with firing through the chute – After clearing the chute, reset into stance, fire out and deliver block into sled, side step to next pad and deliver a fit up blow with hands and chest. – Turn opposite way and side shuffle to cone. – Power hop to end. Repeat.

Agility Drills
LINE DRILL Technique: Have lineman all line up on one line facing the same sideline and standing on one side of the line. On coaches command linemen will jump with both feet together on either side of the line for 30 seconds. Repeat after a short rest and then do same drill but facing end zone and jumping forward and backwards REACTION DRILL(PASS PRO) Technique: Have lineman line up in groups of 5 and face coach in 3 point stance. On cadence linemen will pop up in pass protection stance and chop feet. Coach then points a direction and linemen shuffle that direction. Coach switches direction and then signals them to sprint through 5 yards T-TEST Technique: Pair up lineman and have them face each other but facing the sidelines on the five yard line. On cadence lineman sprints to the ten yard line and touches hand then sprints to the goal line and touches hand and then finally finishes through the five yard line. Repeat 2-4 times BAG DRILLS(OVER STEPS) Technique: From two point stance facing bags linemen steps over first bag, then steps with other foot before progressing to the next bag. BAG DRILLS(OVER SIDE STEPS) Technique: From pass protection position lineman shuffles over first bag shuffles both feet in between bag and then progresses over the next bag. Do both sides and make sure linemen do not cross over feet. BAG DRILLS(SHUFFLE DRILL) Technique: From 3 point stance, lineman shuffles parallel to first bag then shuffles forward and then parallel to second bag and so on. BAG DRILL (SPRINT/BACKPEDAL) Technique: From 3 point stance lineman sprints down one bag then back pedals back down the other bag and so on. Lineman should pump their arms and keep base.

Pass Blocking Drills
SHUFFLE TOUCH DRILL Purpose: Develop knee bending and hip flexibility Technique: From two point stance, lineman will shuffle down line touching the ground with hands during each shuffle. Make sure lineman touch the ground with their hands each time and bend with their legs not their back. Lineman should keep a vertical back. This is a slow drill not intended for speed or quickness. NO HAND SLIDE DRILL Purpose: Teach lineman to shuffle feet while keeping back straight and knees bent. Teach lineman not to lean on defender. Technique: Put offensive lineman in two point stance with arms behind back holding wrists. Put defensive lineman opposite about 1 yard away. Defensive lineman walks at angle towards shoulder. Lineman staggers stance while keeping shoulders square to LOS and eyes on defensive lineman’s chest, offensive lineman should be in the middle of the defensive lineman’s chest. Defensive lineman then redirects to other shoulder and offensive lineman adjusts stagger and shuffles keeping shoulders square. This drill is just faster than walking speed. PASS PROTECTION REDIRECT DRILL Purpose: Teach lineman to widen defensive lineman and redirect on counter moves Technique: Offensive lineman will be engaged with bag holder with bag holder slightly to one side at the start. Bag holder will rush one way and then on coaches signal redirect. Lineman must shuffle trying to cut off bag holder with hip and keep low pad level and straight back. Start off slow and pick up tempo to 3/4 speed. TWIST STUNT EXCHANGE DRILL Purpose: Teach lineman to exchange assignments on twist stunts Technique: Align two offensive lineman next to each other in three point stance. Opposite them line two defensive lineman in 3 point stance. On Cadence, have 1 of the defensive lineman slant between the offensive lineman and the other defensive lineman loop around. Have defensive lineman repeat with same player as the slanter and the same player as the looper each time. Repeat 3 times for each pair of offensive lineman. Offensive lineman must shuffle to hip to hip and exchange responsibilities each time. Coach lineman to stay square to the LOS and stay on the same level and yell out switch. Looper lineman is responsible for calling switch and bumping lineman off. Start at half speed and progress to finally full speed. 1 ON 1 PASS RUSH DRILL Purpose: Teach lineman full speed man pass protection Technique: Line up 2 cones 5 yards apart and 5 yards away from the LOS. 1 offensive lineman and 1 defensive lineman line up on LOS. On cadence, offensive lineman must keep Dlineman at LOS and push him outside of the two cones. Focus on teaching lineman to keep body square to LOS and shuffle with defensive lineman. 5 ON 4 PASS RUSH DRILL Purpose: Teach full speed pass protection against defensive lineman. Technique: Line up offensive line and 1 defensive lineman across from each in their technique. On Cadence every lineman is full speed until contact. Prior to snap, one defensive lineman is chosen to be live full speed). The live defensive lineman tries to pass rush while the offensive lineman pass protects. Half line Technique: Same as above except half of the line is full speed. Usually we will work on twist games during this drill.

D-Line Drills
Read Drill Goal: Teach the DL to react quickly to the movement of the Offensive Lineman (OL)… Description: Set up 3 cones in a triangle about 10 yards apart. Two linemen face each other in the middle between two cones with a designated ball carrier at the third cone. The player facing the ball carrier is the defender, the other player the OL. The coach stands behind the DL signaling the direction and the snap count. On the command, the ball carrier runs in a straight line to the designated cone, while the OL blocks accordingly. The DL reacts to the movement of the OL, controls and escapes the OL making the tackle before the ball carrier reaches the cone. The defender's shoulders and hips stay square to the Line of Scrimmage (LOS), the feet stay moving and the hands/arms control and escape the OL. After the DL gets comfortable with the Drill, bring in 'real' OL and Running backs to increase intensity and speed… Equipment: 3 cones, 1 ball when run with offensive personnel. Pursuit Drill Goal: Teach Defensive Line (DL) pursuit angles... Description: A ball carrier makes lateral movement from the backfield to the sidelines, then cuts up the field. The DL moves laterally with the ball carrier until the ball carrier make the cut up field. At the cut, the DL comes in to make the tackle. In wide pursuit situations, the DL closest to the ball makes the tackle while the other DL makes their pursuit angle towards the numbers on the field. For each offensive player the DL pass, the DL pursuit angle becomes 5 yards deeper... Equipment: Ball Vs. Double Team Goal: Teach DL to split double team and avoid trying to go around it. We always want our DL’s to fight against pressure and not try to run around the blockers. Position 2 OL’s and have the DL line up in between both. On snap OL’s will execute a slam or slip/scoop on DL. Dl must react to playside pressure and either split the double or fight through seal off block and control his gap then flow toward POA.

OFFENSIVE LINE BLOCKS AND TECHNIQUES
REACH BLOCK A. Step with playside foot taking 6" to 8" directional step or lateral step to aiming point B. Aiming point is defender's outside armpit. C. Shoot the hands, get to a lock-out as soon as possible bringing the hips D. Do not cross over, keep shoulders square with LOS BASE, TIGHT REACH A. If man on is inside, step with inside foot taking a 6" to 8" step. If man outside, directional or lateral step with outside foot to aiming point. B. Aiming point is the outside number of defender. C. Strike with hands to outside number. D. Maintain base, bring the hips while getting to lock-out, no crossover. PIN (DOWN) BLOCK A. Step with inside foot 6" to 8" at approximately a 45 degree angle or lateral towards aiming point B. Aiming point is below outside number of defender. C. Drive through aiming point with strike bringing hips, working outside hand to kidney area and off foot upfield. TURN OUT (May be covered or uncovered) A. Block out to defender to outside on LOS (DOWN BLOCK) B. Bucket step and attack. Aim at upfield side of defender's hip C. Drive through hip of defender widening the hole, keeping base D. Do not get beat across face FOLD BLOCK Turnout Blocker A. Execute pin (down) block Fold Blocker A. Take good drop step gaining depth and distance with inside foot B. Clear turnout block by adjacent lineman C. Work upfield squaring through inside number D. Maintain base.

B

B

OFFENSIVE LINE BLOCKS AND TECHNIQUES
TRAP BLOCK A. Take pull step gaining depth and distance B. Take 2nd step back up into LOS C. Aiming point is upfield side of defender's hip D. Trap inside out, bring hips to dig man out of hole, and get feet out of hole X-BLOCK A. TE executes reach block on DE B.Wing cuts inside of TE block and reaches to 2nd level to block LB

B

FAN BLOCK Pass block technique A. Take good PS step (Zone Step) with inside foot without gaining depth and distance B. Begin to hinge step with outside foot, turn outside shoulder away from LOS, staying low, arms extended, and watching for inside rush C. Shuffle for depth and protect the backside gap

CUTOFF BLOCK A. This is a position block. Idea is to get to the next gap over in anticipation of the DL’s read of the play flow B. Step with inside foot 6" to 8" at approximately a 45 degree angle or towards next gap over at the LOS B. Plant and hinge step toward defender C. Do not look to chase 2nd level defenders unless they are blitzing or moving hard across the LOS

INSIDE ZONE SCHEME A. Overall look of an inside zone blocking scheme for two OL B. Idea is to determine whether you are covered or not and execute a scheme that will allow for the blocking of a DL and a 2nd level defender in your zone C. In this example we have a 3 tech DL covering both G and T. To correctly block this zone, the G and T must either Fold or, in this case, execute a Power Scoop (described later) to block this zone

OFFENSIVE LINE BLOCKS AND TECHNIQUES cont.
SIFT BLOCK A. Step with inside foot taking a 6' to 8" directional step to aiming point. B. Aiming point is through inside gap. C. Rip hard through inside gap. Do not get beat across face. D. Try to work to next level. Responsible for LB run through to second level. CUT LOG A. Pull, gaining depth and distance with drop step B. Hug LOS, throw head, shoulders, and hip across far hip. C. Drive through hip, do not cut too low. Aiming point is between hip and upper thigh area trying to get backside hip across defender's outside hip

B

B

B

COMBO BLOCKS
SLAM (Inside Zone) – Each blocker is responsible for ½ of DL. The idea is that both OL will double team DL, with emphasis on sealing him off from POA. Each blocker will stay on block until they see how the DL and LB are reacting. The individual mechanics are no different from a down or a base block. Both will take a lead PS step aiming for the near number of the DL, engage and drive away from POA. Important thing is for BOTH OL’s to watch the LB in their blocking zone. How the block progresses depends on the reactions of the DL and the LB. This scheme is good with zone running plays where the POA is not a defined hole but an area and your backs are good at finding daylight or identifying cutback lanes. 1. DL anchors in gap. Both men stay on double and pressure him away from POA. At some point the LB must commit. If DL begins to move to one side, that will determine who will stay on DL and who releases to LB. This is a reaction block, both men must focus on “rotating” the double once the DL and LB have reacted. If no reaction, then always drive the double away from POA. 2.If DL stunts inside, then inside blocker will take over block and outside man will work double initially and release for LB. 3.If DL stunts out (see bottom dia.), then outside blocker will take over block and inside man will work double initially and release for LB.

B

B

B

B

STRETCH DOUBLE (Outside Zone, Backside Technique, and as a changeup on Inside Zone Plays) The idea is to get the inside (scoop) blocker to overtake the block while the OL nearest to the POA, releases to the 2nd level. Unlike the SLAM, both OL try to hit the same aim point, the PS number. The scoop man must hit the aim point in such a way that the DL cannot release inside and get across his face. So initially, the scoop blocker must maintain an outside shade position and then work across to the PS number. The outside blocker is there to halt penetration so the scoop man can overtake. His primary role is to get to the 2nd level. For inside zone plays, the opposite applies, outside (scoop ) man must maintain an outside shade position and then work across to the PS number. The inside blocker is there to halt penetration so the scoop man can overtake. His primary role is to get to the 2nd level. Observe the different paths the scoop blocker can take. In the first dia. the scoop blocker will end up taking over the block as the outside blocker gets to 2nd level, while in the 2nd dia. the outside blocker is engaged cause the DL stunted outside while the scoop blocker can either hook around to B or cut straight upfield. In the 3rd and 4th we see an inside zone play and a backside team respectively utilizing this scheme. Again, if the DL were to anchor in the gap, it becomes an easy block for the scoop man to overtake.

B

B

B

B

PASS PROTECTION NOTES
1. Unless it's an aggressive pass let the Rusher make the first commitment. Be patient. 2. In preparation to meet the opponents charge, keep the center of your body square, directly between the Rusher and Passer if the Rusher is head up. 3. You must follow any commitment you make by immediately fighting to regain fundamental position. 4. Keep the opponent from getting into your body and forcing you into an upright position. Upright you lose the ability to control your man. If unable to get away from Rusher, give ground grudgingly and you work your body down low again into good fundamental position. 5. It is better to give up ground (keeping position) than to over-commit and loose your man too quickly. 6. According to present rules you must keep your hands within the framework of the opponent's body, arms extended and palms up. Force yourself to practice this way. 7. Keep your lames bent and head back - this prevents Ws you from overextending. 8. Always slide your feet quickly, use replacement steps to regain position. The more your feet at in contact with the ground, the faster you are able to push off the ground when reacting to your man. 9. If your opponent tries to pull or jerk you, maintain leverage with your hands hitting up through his breast pads before he grabs hold of you, then sink and get your head back. 10. If no rusher comes and you are a "free, get depth to pick up a delayed Rusher or help pick up an escaping Rusher. 11. When picking up an escaping Rusher - stick him' Let him know he's been hit. 12. Play hard until you hear the whistle. Stay after your man. Always finish up. 13. Carry out your assignment alone. Never be dependent on a free man to pick up your man. Block your assignment. 14. When blocking a linebacker or deep back blitzing, remember they are usually smaller and more active than a big Lineman. They will almost invariably by to juke or out-maneuver you rather than allow you to lake them on. Keep this fundamental difference in mind as you block them. 15. Never lose your poise if you break down once. Analyze your technique and that of your opponent and correct your error. (Example: did I keep my eyes open? Was my head up? Did I bend at the knees? What did he do to cause the breakdown?)

PASS PROTECTION SCHEMES

INSIDE ZONE: OFFENSIVE LINE BLOCKING RULES

C responsibility # 0 OG’s responsibility # 1 OT’s responsibility # 2 Y & H responsibility # 3

0 3 2
WT H

1
WG C

1
SG

2
ST Y

3

2. DETERMINE WHETHER YOU ARE COVERED OR UNCOVERED: (covered means a defender is on the LOS on any part of your body! If there is a question, clarify with blocking call)_. •If you are UNCOVERED – ZONE WITH YOUR TEAMMATE TO PLAYSIDE. •If you are COVERED, look at your backside teammate •If backside teammate is UNCOVERED, zone with him (he will combo with you to LB) •If backside teammate is COVERED, man block (no help from him) In the example above, since Center is uncovered he ZONES with RG. Since RG is covered & inside teammate (Center) is uncovered by a DLM - he knows he will zone with Center. IMPORTANCE OF PRESNAP LOOK AND UNDERSTANDING TECHNIQUE OF DEFENDER: A CRUCIAL phase of teaching zone blocking is for the uncovered man to know the TECHNIQUE of the DLM on his covered playside teammate (covered man can use CALLS to indicate this). EXAMPLE (I'm the RG & uncovered): If my P/S teammate has a man on his INSIDE SHOULDER - it is 90% certain that I will END up on him. If there is a man HEAD UP on him - it is 50% (or better) that I will END up on him. If there is a man on his OUTSIDE SHOULDER - odds are only about 10% that I might END up on him. (NOTE: "END UP" meaning that the other man comes off on LB).

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INSIDE ZONE: OFFENSIVE LINE TECHNIQUE COACHING POINTS
UNCOVERED O-LINEMAN: (Responsibility is for inside half of down lineman over playside team mate). Take a lead step playside (roughly 45 degree angle) and catch up with your covered teammate. As you work through your playside gap, READ THE NEAR KNEE of the down lineman on him •if the near knee comes towards you block his inside number & fit him up sliding in the direction he is going (keep eyes on Lb'er in case he comes inside) •if near knee doesn’t come towards you work up onto LB'er. 3 situations can occur (see COVERED MAN). COVERED MAN: (Responsibility is for outside half of down lineman IF inside team mate is uncovered). 1st step is a lead step with your outside foot eyeballing outside number of down lineman on you – 2nd step with inside foot thru crotch of opponent. You must think man block and only go to LBer when wiped off by uncovered teammate. Three situations usually occur: 1. Down lineman is in an outside shade & stretches outside– you stay on him and uncovered teammate works through to LB'er. 2. Down lineman is head up & anchors on you – use double team technique driving him into Lber. Stay on him until wiped off by uncovered teammate then work straight up onto the LBber. 3. Down lineman head up or inside shade & slants inside – force him to flatten his slant & stay on him until wiped off by uncovered teammate then work straight up on Lber. LINEMEN NOT ZONING USE “DRIVE” (MAN) BLOCKS. Don’t worry as much about getting position on defender as you do about blow delivery and finishing your block. When coming off the ball, guide with your eyes (aim with your face), which will take you to the aiming point or landmark, the defender's playside #. 1. Your first step is a short directional step and you throw your arms out of the socket (wind up MUCH farther than “shooting from the holster”). 2. On the second step, your power foot must be on the ground and you arm thrust (100% blow delivery) with your fists into the defender's short ribs (below the pads), tucking your tail and “lifting him out of his socks”. DON'T put your face or shoulder in, because you will be overextended and your head will be down.

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INSIDE ZONE Strong

FS

CB LB LB
RB Read 2 RB Read 1

LB

CB

DE H

DT

NG C QB

DT

DE

WT

WG

SG

ST

Y Z

FB
Formation Notes: Motion Z strong for same presnap look as InsideOutside Zone Weak. Can also align FB to strong side and motion Z weak for the backside seal block. Can align FB as weak side TE to get a better blocking angle on the backside seal block

HB

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OUTSIDE ZONE Strong

FS

CB LB LB
RB Read 2

LB
RB Read 1

CB

DE H Z

DT

NG C QB

DT

DE

WT

WG

SG

ST

Y Z

FB Coaching Notes: Can use WR motion from either side to overload and get two playside double teams on LOS. Can align FB as weak side TE to give him a better blocking angle on back side DE (allows less penetration before engaging block), though this block is probably less essential than on inside zone. HB

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INSIDE/OUTSIDE ZONE: MISCELLANEOUS NOTES: GAMEPLANNING
INSIDE ZONE = not as good vs. a gapping & penetrating defense OUTSIDE ZONE = not as good vs a quick team that reads & flows well. THEREFORE - feature Outside Zone in situation A), & INSIDE ZONE in situation B)! INSIDE ZONE TO "WIDE" SIDE VS "REDUCED" SIDE OF DEFENSE •WIDE side of defense = “B” gap defended by a LB •REDUCED side of defense = “B” gap defended by DLM (down lineman) Through scouting reports, identify which will be the "wide" side of the defense and which will be the "reduced" side ( most teams are "wide" on the split end side & "reduced" on the tight end side). Most coaches i believe in (joe bugel; alex gibbs; just to name a few) do not prefer to run the inside zone to the "reduction” side (B gap defended by DLM, for example a 3 technique) because you will likely end up cutting it back inside the 3 technique to a tilted or shaded nose side WITH a LB filling between the shaded nose & the 3 (very tight quarters)! In the Riggin’s years, Joe Bugle addressed this by “TAG” blocking (T & G FOLD) when he ran to the reduction side. Assuming we are in 2 TE/2 WR personnel & they have "7 in the box" - Prefer to run it to the side where we have a numerical advantage (3 man side rather than 4 man side). If they have 4 men in the box to both sides of the ball (low S/S PROBABLY on reduction side) - it is better to shade side than reduction side BECAUSE we should get three initial double teams, which results in a LOT of movement off the ball! This is particularly true vs. the Va Tech style 4-4 defense. If you use a 2 te/2 wr/1 rb set (like the Indy Colts) quite often you can get in behind three double team blocks (TE & OT from the 7 to Will; OG & C from the 2i to Mike; & off OG & OT from 3 to Sam) and the RB can really cram the B gap for positive yardage rather than worrying about cutting it back.…Remember -the best cut is no cut!!!!! OUTSIDE ZONE TO "WIDE" SIDE VS "REDUCED" SIDE OF DEFENSE On the outside zone, you can run it to the "red" (3 technique side) or "white" (b gap defended by lb). You may have to get into some pulling schemes like folding the on t & on g on the "red" side or pulling both the on t & on g around on the "white" side (like the Indy Colts). If you do this (pull; fold), the outside zone to the "red" side becomes a hell of an off tackle play & will cram the C gap; the outside zone to the "white" side should "circle the defense"!!!. COUNTER COMPLIMENTS INSIDE ZONE: The BEAUTY of the Redskins' famous "Counter" was that it was originally a complimentary play to the Inside Zone. If the Inside Zone was best AWAY from the shade of the Nose (4 man side) - the Counter was equally good to EITHER side. The Counter is taught to LOOK LIKE THE INSIDE ZONE: QB's steps on Counter Left are IDENTICAL to Inside Zone Right. RB's first step on Counter Left is IDENTICAL to Inside Zone Right. These were important C.P.'s in the Riggins years! One of the 1st things to package with the Inside Zone was the Counter away. We would look to run the Inside Zone to the 1 tech and the Counter to the 3 tech. When we ran the inside zone at the 1, we would have the backside combo on the 3 look like the Counter. If we had a hard time cutting off the 3 with the BST then we would know to use more counter because the DT is chasing the play and will help create a huge hole when we run the counter to him.

INSIDE/OUTSIDE ZONE: MISCELLANEOUS NOTES:
RUNNING INSIDE ZONE FROM 2 TE FORMATION: Remember this when running the Inside Zone with 2 TE personnel in the game. The THEORY of the play was to run it away from the shade or control of the Nose, since it was almost impossible to control the offset nose with the Center (4 of the front 7 defenders will be on the side of the shaded Nose - FORCING a cutback). Thus, it is best run as a DIRECTIONAL - seeking to run to the side of the defense which has 3 men. If you are in 2 TE's & 2 WR's, and the defense is in a 2 safety deep shell - SOMEONE may has 2 gap responsibility. Use that to your advantage. PLAYSIDE 0/SHADE (1 TECHNIQUE): I would have the guard tighten down his splits to 6-12" and coach him to stop the 0/shade's penetration with a quick, firm shot before he goes on to zone with PS OT (if DE is in a 5 tech OG will usually end up on LB anyway, so this is just a slight hesitation). If OG uses shoulder or forearm, he MIGHT get tied up with him. NOTE: RB can deepen because with a shaded Nose - he will CUTBACK!!!!! We like to "fold" (2 men) a lot on the zone. Against. the look you mentioned (run to weak side, 5, 1, 3 & 7 techs) we like to fold the Center & On Guard. That threw the ON OT into MAN on the 5 technique (On OG block down on Nose; Center fold on LB; On OT man 5 tech). PLAYSIDE 3 TECHNIQUE: If we absolutely have to run the inside zone to the 3 technique side, we ”TAG" (play side OT & OG fold) quite a bit: (PS OT down block DT, OS OG fold around PS OT onto LB, TE base reach technique on DE, Center cut off Mike LB). Vs. a 3 tech & Center uncovered - Center can still zone towards the 3 technique, but will usually end up working up on "Mike". Same as RG & RT vs "3-4" with DE in 5 technique (ON G & ON T still zone - but it usually ends up man with ON G on ILB & ON T on DE). The zone steps widen the defense regardless if you get the double team or not. DISADVANTAGES OF ZONE RUNNING GAME: in answer to the question about "disadvantages of the system" - i would say that two men working together in zone blocking (or for that matter in counter/power blocking) must get to know each other's every move very well, & it will take time.

PLAYBOOK

Formation Scheme
R-L RAG - LACE RIO – LEO RAM – LION ROPE – LOT RIGHT-LEFT BUNCH BIG WING BASE FORMATION, 2 BACKS 2 RECVRS BASE TWINS FORMATION (TWINS TO WEAK SIDE) TRIPS FORMATION (2 FLANKER’S ALIGNED TO STRONG SIDE (SAME TAGS AS OTHERS)) 3 WR SET (2 SPLIT ENDS 1 FLANKER ALIGNED BETWEEN PRO AND WING) 4 WR SET (TRIPS TO STRENGTH, SE TO WEAK SIDE) SPREAD FORMATION, 4 WR (2 SE, 1 TWINS ALIGN, 1 PRO ALIGN) 3 WR SET ALIGNED IN TRIANGLE TO WEAK WITH Y ALIGNED TO STRENGTH 2 TE FORMATION WITH FLANKER ALIGNED TO STRENGTH 2 TE FORMATION WITH WING ALIGNED TO STRENGTH

All tags, except FAR or NEAR, involve either moving the FB to the assigned spot or substituting in a receiver for the FB to create a single back set. 2 Tags, except if one is FAR or NEAR, will create an empty backfield. Any of these formations can be run in GUN formation by shifting QB to FB spot and the backs aligned in NEAR and/or FAR The formation call would be BASE, “GUN”, ALIGN TAG

X
TWINS SLOT

T

G

C QB

G

T

Y
WING PRO

Z

FAR

FB HB

NEAR

Play Series Numbering
10 Series 20 Series 30 Series 100 / 200 300 / 400 QB Runs, Options, and Draws HB Running Plays FB Running Plays Play Action Passes 3 Step Passes 500 / 600 700 / 800 900 / 000 5 Step Passes Rollout / Dash Passes Boot Passes

Receivers are numbered 1 through x starting from the sideline in. We have call side receivers and backside receivers.

R 26 Power 100 series through 000 are all passing plays. The 2nd number tells the #1 WR his route, the 3rd the route #2

RAG `654 is the 5 step drop back pass with #1 running a hitch and #2 running an out

R 224 CROSS PIVOT is play-action fake the 24 and #1 running a cross and #2 running a pivot We can also combine certain routes into packages to make play calling easier

R
X T G C QB TWINS SLOT FAR FB NEAR WING PRO Z G T Y

HB

L
Y T G C QB Z PRO WING NEAR FB FAR SLOT TWINS G T X

HB

RAG
X Z SLOT T G C G T Y

QB

WING

PRO

In RAG TWINS the Z moves to the SLOT alignment and the A receiver lines up in the Z position (the TWINS alignment)

FAR

FB

NEAR

HB

LACE
Y T G C G T X SLOT Z

PRO

WING

QB

NEAR

FB

FAR

HB

RIO
A T G C G T Y

TWINS

SLOT

QB

WING

X

Z

FAR

NEAR

HB

LEO
Y T G C G T A

Z

X

WING

QB

SLOT

TWINS

NEAR

FAR

HB

RAM
Z T G C G T X

TWINS

SLOT

QB

WING

Y

PRO

NEAR

FB

FAR

HB

LION
X T G C G T Z

PRO

Y

WING

QB

SLOT

TWINS

FAR

FB

NEAR

HB

ROPE
X T G C G T Z

QB PRO WING

Y

A

FAR

NEAR

HB

LOT
Z T G C G T X

A

Y

QB WING PRO

NEAR

FAR

HB

RIGHT
X T G C G T Z

A WING

QB

SLOT

Y

FAR

NEAR

HB

LEFT
Z T G C G T X

Y

SLOT

QB WING

A

NEAR

FAR

HB

BUNCH RIGHT
Y Y T G C G T Z

QB

A

X

HB

BUNCH LEFT
Z T G C G T Y Y

X

A

QB

HB

R BIG
Y T G C G T Y

TWINS

SLOT

QB

WING

PRO

X

FAR

FB

NEAR

HB

L BIG
Y T G C G T Y

X

PRO

WING

QB

SLOT

TWINS

NEAR

FB

FAR

HB

R WING
Y T G C G T Y

PRO

SLOT

QB

X

TWINS

FAR

FB

NEAR

HB

L WING
Y T G C G T Y

TWINS

X

QB

SLOT

PRO

NEAR

FB

FAR

HB

1. Defensive Fronts

30's
33 34 35

A

E W E W

N

E S

BA

A E W
34 OVER

N

E S

BA

E A
35 OVER

N W

E S

BA

33 OVER

A

N E S E S

BA

A E W
34 UNDER

N E S E S

BA

E A
35 UNDER

N E W S N W E S

BA

33 UNDER

A

E N W

BA

A E N W

BA

E A

BA

40's
43 44 45

A

E W E W

N

E BA S

A E W
44 OVER

N

E BA S

E A
45 OVER

N W

E BA S

43 OVER

A

N E BA S E BA S

A E W
44 UNDER

N E BA S E BA S

E A
45 UNDER

N E BA S W N W E BA S

43 UNDER

A

E N W

A E N W

E A

2. Defensive Fronts

50's
53 54 55

A

53 OVER

E N W S E W N S

E B A E B A E B A

A E W
54 OVER

N S N S

E B A E B A E B A

55 OVER

E A

N W S N W S N W S

E B A E B A E B A

A

A E W
54 UNDER

53 UNDER

55 UNDER

E A

A

E N W S

A E N W S

E A

10's
11 21

20's
31

30's
BA
32

A
12

W

EE

S

BA
22

A

W

E E

S

A

W E W

E

E S E S E S

BA

A
13

E E W S E

BA
23

A

E W

E

S

BA
33

A

BA

A E W

S

BA

A E W

E

S

BA

A E W

BA

1. Blocking Schemes – Combo
2 or more adjacent offensive lineman working together on a defensive lineman, on level one to a linebacker inside of POA on level two. Usually between an uncovered OL and a covered OL working to a LB within their blocking zone. The aiming point and the direction to scoop will rotate depends on the POA. Slug Swap Scoop Single Double Triple

Y

T

G

C

G

T

Y

Solid Trip Trio

Heavy

SLAM DOUBLE

STRETCH DOUBLE

B

B

B

STRETCH DOUBLE (inside B zone play)

Heavy

B

B

Solid

Trip

Trio

B

B

B

B

B

B

2. Blocking Schemes – Additional
Trap 3 Call Trap 5 Call G Scheme

B

B

B

Step It

Toe It

TAE w/ Step It

B

B

B

B

B

3. Blocking Schemes - Fold

Eat

Tag

Gas Lt.

Gas Rt.

Tag

Eat

Y

T

G

C

G

T

Y

Tae

Gat

Sag Lt.

Sag Rt.

Gat

Tae

The naming scheme indicates who the two OL’s involved in the Fold and who is Pin Blocking and who is the Folder. The first and last letters are the indicators. The first letter indicates who the Fold blocker is and the last indicates the Pin blocker. In the case of gas and Sag, we tag the call with a left or a right to tell which guard the center will be working with. 1.S is the Center 2.G is the Guard 3.T is the tackle 4.E is the End

B

B

B

B

G

T

G

T

C

G

T

E

Gat

Tag

Gas Rt (BSG and C)

Tae

4. Zone Blocking Notes
I. ZONE BLOCKING PRINCIPLES Power Zone blocking is between two offensive linemen responsible for blocking two defenders in a certain area towards the point of attack The purpose of using the Power Zone Blocking Scheme is to stop penetration, create movement on the first level and also seal off the onside LB’er. All power zone blocks initially start out as an inside-out double team. As movement begins, either the Outside blocker or Inside blocker will gain control over the defender on the 1 level, allowing the other st blocker to come off the block to handle the linebacker. In this type of blocking scheme, it is critical to create movement on the 1st level before coming off for the linebacker. Both Stretch Double and Slam techniques can be used. A. INSIDE BLOCKER: (Offensive linemen covered by a linebacker or uncovered.) Take a short lateral step with playside foot aiming for a point between his sternum and playside number. We refer to this as a half bucket step. As the inside blocker takes his half bucket step it is important to read the movement of the defensive man on outside blocker. lf the defenders near hip is coming toward you, explode up under the defenders chin making sure to stop penetration. Upon making contact, whip your hands and move your feet like pistons working to get movement up the field. lf the defender has locked on or is widening with the outside blocker, punch and push off the defender and explode to the 2d level to block the playside breast of n the LB’er. NOTE: As you take the HALF BUCKET STEP to read the hip aligned on the outside blocker, use a split eye on the linebacker over you as he may be playing under your block. If this is the situation, immediately explode back on the LB’er blocking him in the numbers. B. OUTSIDE BLOCKER: (Offensive lineman covered by a down lineman.) The outside blocker must read the alignment of the defender aligned on him so he can hit the proper landmark and initially create the movement on the 1 level. lf the defender is aligned on the outside eye or shoulder, half bucket step with playside st foot aiming for point between his sternum and playside number. lf the defender is aligned head-up step with playside footthis is a short 6 inch lateral step aiming for a point between the sternum and playside number. If he is aligned inside eye, he will replacement step with playside foot aiming the nose of the headgear to block the playside number of the defender. If the defender loops out or locks on, we want the outside blocker to maintain contact — once you feel contact from the inside blocker now you can look for the scrapping linebacker on level 2. lf the defender aligned on you slants inside — punch and push off the defender and explode to 2d level to block the onside LB’er. Block the LB'er by exploding up through his n numbers using. a good drive block technique. Do not allow linebacker to cross your face.

5. Zone Blocking Notes
The following terms are used for POWER ZONE BLOCKING at the Point of Attack. 1. COMBO TRIPLE BLOCK — Power Zone block between the TE and playside tackle. Used when playside tackle is uncovered. The TE is the outside blocker and the tackle is the inside blocker. 2. COMBO DOUBLE BLOCK — Power Zone block between the playside tackle and playside guard. Used when playside tackle is covered. The tackle is the outside blocker and the guard is the inside blocker. 3. COMBO ACE·TO—BLOCK — Power Zone block between the onside guard and center. Power Ace is used when the playside tackle is covered. The playside guard is the outside blocker and the center is the inside blocker. This block is used to get to the onside to middle LB’er. 4. COMBO SINGLE BLOCK — Power single block between the playside guard and center. Power single is used when the playside tackle is uncovered. Center must be uncovered to have a single situation. The playside guard is the outside blocker and the center is the inside blocker. Used to block middle to backside LB’er.

II. BACKSIDE ZONE BLOCKING PRINCIPLES A. POWER SCOOP TECHNIQUE This is used by the center and backside guard. When the guard is uncovered, and the nose guard is head up or shaded backside. lf the NG is head up lateral step with the playside foot aiming the nose of your head gear for his playside number. If NG locks on or widens maintain contact. If the NG stays backside explode to the 2d level for the backside LB’er. If the NG is shaded backside replacement n step with playside foot aiming the nose of your head gear for the playside number of the defender. This is to bide time for the backside guard to not allow leakage. LB'er second step is knee to the crotch with backside foot. The third step is an explosion step to the second level looking for the backside LB’er. B. HIGH WALL TECHNIQUE Used when the backside offensive lineman has no help from his backside buddy. The angle of the toe is directly proportioned to how far inside he is aligned. The aiming point is the inside number. When executing a High Wall Technique it is extremely important to keep your feet and run the defender past the hole with movement up the field. C. POWER SWAP TECHNIQUE Zone blocking between the backside guard and backside tackle. This technique will be used when the guard is covered by a down lineman who is head up to outside eye or shoulder and the LB'er is stacked over the tackle. The guard will take a replacement step with his playside foot and will release tight through the playside number of the 3 technique. On his second step, shoot knee to crotch and must “rip” his backside arm and shoulder up into the defender. The third step is an explosion to the 2nd level looking for the backside LB’er. NOTE: lf the backside LB’er moves to a stack over the guard to a shade inside, you may have to resort to a Full Swap Technique.

BLOCKING PLAN VS. 5 OR 6
GENERAL RULES •BSE AND BST ARE ALWAYS ZONE BLOCKING TOWARD PS GAPS. THIS MIGHT CREATE INCIDENTAL DBL TEAM ON 3 OR 4 TECH DL •C IS ALWAYS WORKING TO PS A GAP •BSG IS ALWAYS WORKING THROUGH BS A GAP TO 0 TECH OR PULLING TO PS IF COMPLETELY UNCOVERED •FG WILL WORK PS A GAP IF COVERED ELSE WILL WORK PS B WITH FT ON 3 OR 4 TECH WITH COMBO, STRETCH, OR FOLD DEPENDING ON POA •FT ALWAYS WORKS #1 DL WITH FG DOING COMBO, SCOOP, OR FOLD. IF HE SEES 3 MEN ON HIS SIDE, HE KNOWS HE IS NOT GETTING ANY HELP FROM FG SO HE WILL ALWAYS BASE BLOCK #1 DL

FRONT
5-3 3 Tech 5-3 3 Tech 5-3 4 Tech 5-3 4 Tech 5-3 4 Tech 5-3 OVER 5-3 UNDER

POA
IN OUT IN OUT OUT IN IN

BSE

BST

BSG

C

FG

FT

FE
PS DE PS DE PS DE PS DE

ZONE TO PS ZONE TO PS ZONE TO PS ZONE TO PS STRETCH SLUG DT AND NEAR LB STRETCH SLUG DT AND NEAR LB STRETCH SLUG DT AND NEAR LB STRETCH SLUG STRETCH SLUG

STRETCH SCOOP NG AND NEAR LB STRETCH SCOOP NG AND NEAR LB STRETCH SCOOP NG AND NEAR LB STRETCH SCOOP NG AND NEAR LB STRETCH SCOOP NG AND NEAR LB STEP IT PS

SLAM DOUBLE TO POA LB GAT CALL OR STRETCH DBL SLAM DOUBLE TO POA LB STRETCH DBL NEAR LB OR STEP IT TAE CALL BASE BLOCK ON DT

SLAM SINGLE

DE DE

STRETCH SCOOP 1 TECH

SLAM DOUBLE #1 DT

6-4 All Tech or 7 –3 All Tech IN OR OUT All man blocking. Can do turn-out, EAT, or TAE blocks between T and E on OUT. BS is always MAN blocking. Follow 1,2,DE rule to determine assignments.

Block Scheme Examples vs. 5-3 B B B B B B

IN PLAYS (2 & 4 HOLES) 3 TECH – SLAM DBL

IN PLAYS (1 & 3 HOLES) 3 TECH – SLAM DBL

B

B

B

B

B

B

OUT PLAYS (6 & 8) HOLES) 3 TECH – STRCH DBL

OUT PLAYS (5 & 7) HOLES) 3 TECH – STRCH DBL

B

B

B

B

B

B

OUT PLAYS (6 & 8) HOLES) 3 TECH [GAT CALL]

OUT PLAYS (5 & 7) HOLES) 3 TECH [GAT CALL]

Block Scheme Examples vs. 5-3 to OVER SIDE B B

IN PLAYS (1 & 3 HOLES) 3 TECH – SLAM SINGLE w/ STEP IT by BSG

B

B

B

IN PLAYS (2 & 4 HOLES) 3 TECH – SLAM SINGLE w/ STEP IT by BSG

Block Scheme Examples vs. 5-3 to UNDER SIDE B B B

IN PLAYS (2 & 4 HOLES) 3 TECH – STRETCH SLUG, STRETCH SCOOP w/ SLAM DBL

B

B

B

IN PLAYS (1 & 3 HOLES) 3 TECH – STRETCH SLUG, STRETCH SCOOP w/ SLAM DBL

Block Scheme Examples vs. 4-3 B B B B B B

IN PLAYS (2 & 4 HOLES) 43 – SLAM DBL

IN PLAYS (1 & 3 HOLES) 43 – STRCH DBL

B

B

B

B

B

B

IN PLAYS to Weak Side (1 & 3 HOLES) 43 - SLAM SCOOP & TAG CALL BS A gap is possible cutback lane

IN PLAYS to Weak Side (2 & 4 HOLES) 43 – SLAM SINGLE & TAG CALL BS A gap is possible cutback lane

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