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FOOTWORK.

The first thing (and from six through nine years of age, the only thing) Tuhon
Gaje learned was footwork . There are 12 categories of footwork in PekitiTirsia.
Click here to view a diagram (opens in a new window)
Sidestepping (90* and 180* turns)
Ducking (squatting, springing, kneeling and low work in general)
Forward Triangle (offensive footwork-the triangles apex points toward
opponent)
Reverse Triangle (counter-offensive footwork-the triangles base points
toward
opponent)
Wave-in/wave-out (long range baits, fakes, and retreats)
Take-offs ( a running attack that changes direction one or more times)
Ranging (a 45*, 90*, and 135*stepping, leaping or spinning attack)
L Pattern (90 turns)
M Pattern (two forward triangles side by side. Symmetrical in drills
asymmetrical in application)
N Pattern (forward triangle with long sidestep)
W Pattern (two reverse triangles side by side. Symmetrical in drills
asymmetrical in application)
Star Pattern (superimposed forward and reverse triangles in which the
apexes change positions); plus variations such as Diamond, Hourglass and Box.

PEKITI-TIRSIA SINGLE STICK TECHNIQUES BASICS .


Because so many received their introduction to Pekiti-Tirsia in seminars as a
condensed form called 64 Attacks, Ill use a techniques number from that
form where it applies.
Multiple Attacks Sabay Sabay nga Sugod (basic categories of beginners
strikes): Jab, takedown, slash, overhead, uppercut, close spacing-multiple hits.
12 Attacks Abcedario or Letters: 12 sets of 12 [144] basic attacks and
targets. (divided into two sets of 6, a forward set and a reverse, or mirror-

image set)
1st set: Basic (#1 to #12 in the 64 attacks)
2nd set: ReverseTargets
3rd set: Double Force (a technique for adding the power of a two-handed grip
while retaining the mobility of a one-handed grip
4th set: Reverse Double Force
5th set: Reverse Grip (stick held in ice pick grip for slashes)
6th set: Reverse Reverse grip
7th set: Punyo (punching ) striking with the butt of the stick
8th set: Reverse Punyo
9th set: Hook (to hook and pull with the butt of the stick)
10th set: Reverse Hook
11th set: Bayonet (two-handed grip of stick)
12th set: Reverse Bayonet
Four Wall Apat na Paligid (13 to 22 in 64 attacks) basic entry technique
against strikes in a simple timing drill.
Umbrella Payong (#23 to #25 in 64 Attacks) fluid entry techniques.
Tapping against thrusts Pangising (a drill of 3 attacks, 3 counters, and 3
recounters but #26 to #31 in the condensed 64 Attacks) Taught with
Chekete (direct) and Echekete (indirect) counter to weapon-arm pinning
drills, counters and recounters.
Five Attacks Limang Sugod ( #32 to #36 in 64 Attacks) diagonal attacks,
entries, and counter-to- counter drills.
Break in-Break out Pasok Loob Pasok Labas (#37 to #43 in 64 Attacks)
linear attack, entry, and counter-to-counter drills. Taught with Segang Labo,
a close-quarter engagement-disengagement drill that acts as a platform for
close-quarter disarms, traps and takedowns.
Seven Attacks Pitong Sugod (#44 to #50 in 64 Attacks) Entry, off
balancing, takedown or repelling techniques.
Clock System Orassan (#51 to #64 in 64 Attacks) Entries and baits with
double force. Introduction to flat-of-the-blade strikes (called in Visayan
Witik -lit. to flip or whip, but used here to cheat; called Abaniko in
several other dialects).
Petals Florete (12 movements with foot work) Circular doubling attacks.
Used in sword work to strike your opponents sword across his edge with the
back of your blade, thus dulling his blade while sparing your own. Used with a
stick as a quick hook-and-cut technique.

PEKITI-TIRSIA SINGLE STICK ADVANCED .


Pekiti-Disarma Pekiti- Disarming 180 disarming and takedown patterns,
divided into 2 sets of 90
1st set: Stick-to-Stick disarms -(includes counterstrike, disarm, knock out,
takedown and/or finishing technique) 30 angles of entry ( 5 on a high
forehand- 5 on a high back hand and 4 each on forehand strike to leg, back
hand to leg, straight low thrust, back hand high thrust, forehand hook thrust
[1,2,3,4,5,8,9 in first 12 attacks of Abacedario] 30 counters, 30 recounters.
2nd set: Hand vs. Stick disarms (includes nerve strikes, etc.) 30 angles of
entry, 30 counters, 30 recounters.
Segidas Bridging 36 attack combinations divided into 3 sets of 12 1st set:
Attacks that bridge the gap between long and middle range 2nd set: Attacks
that bridge the gap between middle and close range 3rd set: Extreme closequarter attacks finishing with a break or takedown.
Contradas Counters 36 3 sets of 12 1st set: Multiple small quick strikes for
each one of your opponents attacks 2nd set: Above strikes expanded to
multiple opponent footwork pattern drills 3rd set: The form counters the first
set of Segidas but the drills teach countering the Contradas timing versions
of the 64 Attacks drills.
Recontras Recounters 36 attacks 3 sets of 12. 1st set: Quick, closequarter, multi-strike entry and break or takedown. 2nd set: Medium range
application of advanced footwork patterns with advanced attacks and trapping
includes multiple opponent footwork drills 3rd set: Long range application of
advanced footwork patterns closing with advanced baits, fakes and finishing
strikes.
Alphabito Alphabet up to 26 attacks (depends if you use Sanskrit, Filipino,
or English alphabet) based on shape of letters, used with forward triangle
Numerado Numbers 10 attacks based on the shape of numbers, used with
reverse triangle.
Offensa-DefensaDefensa-Offensa . Advanced evasion drills for weapon arm.

PEKITI-TIRSIA DOUBLE BASTON .

ATTACKS 1 set of 12 Attack patterns practiced at first as symmetrical


timing drills, but advanced practice involves asymmetrical combinations of
patterns.
DISARMS 12 ways Double Stick disarms Double Stick.
CONTRADAS 1 set of 12 Entry techniques using small multi-hits, baits,
ending in traps escapes or disarms.
RECONTRAS 1 set of 12 Counters to the Contradas emphasizing direct
power hits ending in finishing techniques.

PEKITI-TIRSIA ESPADA Y DAGA (SWORD AND DAGGER) .


Attacks combinations. There are 36 combinations divided into 3 sets of 12:
1st set: Basic attacks and footwork dagger held in hammer grip.
2nd set: Intermediate attacks and footwork dagger is switched back and
forth from hammer to icepick grip.
3rd set: Advanced attacks and footwork dagger is held in icepick grip.
Disarms: 3 sets of 12:
1st set: Hammer disarming Hammer.
2nd set: Icepick disarming Hammer.
3rd set: Icepick disarming Icepick.
Contradas: 3 sets of 12 emphasis on multi-hits, baits, and traps.
1st set: You and your opponent both have your daggers in hammer grip.
2nd set: You hold your dagger in icepick grip while your opponent is in hammer
grip.
3rd set You both are in icepick grip.
Recontras: 3 sets of 12 emphasis on recountering contradas with direct hits,
disarms and/or finishing techniques.
1st set: Hammer grip vs. Hammer grip.
2nd set: Icepick vs. Hammer.
3rd set: Icepick vs. Icepick.
Originally taught in the sequence of all the first sets, then all second sets,
then third sets, which gave you:
1st set group (Hammer grip vs. Hammer grip) -Attacks, Disarms, Contradas,
Recontras.
2nd set group (Icepick vs. Hammer) -Attacks, Disarms, Contradas, Recontras.
3rd set group (Icepick vs. Icepick) Attacks, Disarms, Contradas, Recontras.

In addition, there are tapping and trapping drills that are not numbered but
parallel the above techniques.

PEKITI-TIRSIA KNIFE TECHNIQUES .


Two basic grips:
Icepick grip called Pakal ( lit.to rip) 1 set of 12 attacks.
Hammer grip called Sak-Sak (lit. stab-stab) 1 set of 12 attacks.
Third Hand (elbows, hack, eye jab, slap) the strikes between the parries.
Nerve Hits intercepting strikes to nerve centers in weapon arm.
Blade Reversals turning his knife against him while he still holds it.
Throws (always after a disabling strike).
Locks, Pins, and Joint Breaks (Used most often after a throw).
Disarms and Strips.
Foot Clearing low sweeps and kicks and their counters and recounters.
Empty-Hand Knife Tapping parrying drills combining all of the above.
Knife-to-Knife Tapping drills (parrying drills in which both of you are armed)
-Knife held inA. Pakal (icepick grip) vs. Sak-Sak (hammer grip).
B. Pakal vs. Pakal.
C. Sak-Sak vs. Sak-Sak.
D. 2 Sak-Sak vs. 2 Sak-Sak.
E. 2 Pakal vs. 2 Pakal.
F. 1 Pakal and 1 Sak-Sak vs. same.
vs. 2 Sak-Sak.
vs. 2 Pakal.
Finishers KNIFE VS. HAND 12 attack combinations , plus. counters to
knife defenses.

PEKITI-TIRSIA EMPTY HAND TECHNIQUE .


Since [as classically taught] you had already mastered all the weapon
techniques, by the time you moved on to hand-to-hand you were taught how to

use the hands as weapons and simply translated the weapon drills into hand
techniques.
The general categories are:
Entry techniques and nerve hits attacks that bridge the gap, coming mainly
from knife-to-knife and single stick techniques.
Parry drills coming from knife and stick drills.
Traps coming from sword and dagger techniques.
Fist, foot, and joint breaking coming from knife and single stick.
Locks, throws, takedowns mainly coming from hand vs. knife.
Leg work [kicks, stomps, leg traps, and foot clearing parrying kicks with
the lower leg ] leg attacks and counters to kicks coming from knife vs.
emptyhand counters and the older silat techniques of the Majapahit Empire
period.
Ground work- wrestling and strangulation from hand vs. knife.
2 FORMS .
ABCEDARIO DE MANO
Slap Sets 1 and 2 with palm and back of hand.
Fist Sets 3 and 4 Vertical fist uppercut, one knuckle hook, 45* downward
cross, hammer fist, thrusting backfist.
Elbows Sets 5 and 6- Diagonal down, diagonal up, horizontal, vertical and
thrusting.
Wrist Hack Sets 7 and 8 with wrist.
Forearm Hack Sets 9 and 10 with bony edge of arm , also dead-arming
with top of arm.
Eye jab Set 11 whips, thrusts and gouges.
Kicks Set 12 Round house with shin 45* up, horizontal, 45* down,
reverse / front kick with shin/
sipa kicks with bottom of foot/hooking back kick/cut kicks with edges of
foot/inside and outside.
hooking kicks with heel stomps.

PEKITI-DE MANO: Entries, traps and take downs based on the PekitiDisarma. The techniques are structured with an armed opponent in mind.

Triangles and Sidesteps


The images below demonstrate the use of triangular footwork and pekiti tirsia
sidestepping with the basic 6 angles we use in FSD. I'm using what I call the 4
Step Matrix, demonstrating covered entries with angles 1 through 4.
The pekiti tirsia sidestep is unique in that it allows for very close range
striking while moving offline. Unlike most attacks done after a weight shift,
80% of your weight is kept on the rear foot when striking off the PT sidestep.
You'll find video of this footwork and much more on my stick and sword page.
Angle 1 Entry

Stepping out on a reverse triangle with an angle 1 entry. When striking with
an angle 1 and following through, always step with the right foot in order to
get to the opponent's outside and remain covered against potential follow up
attacks. This is used against an angle 1 attack.

Angle 2 chamber followed by a pekiti tirsia sidestep and angle 2 follow up.
The angle 2 follow up stops the opponent's second attack, striking him in the
head or arm.

Returning back to the point of the triangle with an angle 5 strike for a close
range follow up. The angle 5 is a power shot to the bridge of the nose.

Returning back to the starting point with both feet, using an angle to for the
covered exit.
Angle 2 Entry

Stepping out on a reverse triangle with an angle two entry. When striking with
an angle two as an entry, always step with the right foot to get to the
opponent's outside and prevent his follow up stike. This is used against an
angle 2 attack.

Striking with an angle 1, using a pekiti tirsia sidestep for the covered follow
up. This follow up strikes the opponent's head or arm, blocking his potential
secondary attack.

Returning back on the triangle for a close range angle 6 power shot to the
bridge of the nose.

Returning back to the starting point using an angle 1 for the covered exit.
Angle 3 Entry

Stepping out on a reverse triangle with an angle 3 covered entry. When


enterint with an angle three, step out with the right foot to position yourself
to the outside of your opponent in order to prevent his follow up attack. This
is used against an angle 2 attack.

Striking the opponent's head or arm with an angle two, using a pekiti tirsia
sidestep. This covered follow up prevents the opponent from hitting you with
a secondary attack.

Stepping back on the reverse triangle with an angle 5 power shot to the
bridge of the nose.

Returning to the starting position with an angle 2 covered exit.


Angle 4 Entry

Stepping out on a reverse triangle using an angle 4 covered entry, followed by


an angle 1 covered follow up using a pekiti tirsia sidestep. When entering with
the angle 4, always step with the right foot to position yourslef to cover the
opponent's angle 1 attack.

Returning back to the point of the triangle with an angle 6 power shot to
the bridge of the nose.

Returning back to the starting point with an angle 1 covered exit.


See more functional kali / eskrima footwork and stickwork:
Basic Six Angles
In the images below I demonstrate the basic 6 angles of attack and defense
we use in FSD for kali / eskrima and all contact weapon training. A variety of
strikes can be used on these 6 angles: full swings, half swings (hit and
retract), circular or redondo swings, and reverse angles among them. The
motions are done from a static position, but in application they would always
be accompanied by footwork. See my stick and sword or 4 Step Matrix page
for stick work and footwork, or check out the links at the bottom of this page.
Although a stick is used in the images, the same angles can be used for sword,
knife, and any other contact weapons.

The ready position and the angle 1 chamber.

Angle 1 and near the angle 2 chamber.

Angle 2 and the angle 3 chamber.

Angle 3 and the angle 4 chamber.

Angle 4 and the angle 5 chamber.

Angle 5 and the angle 6 chamber.

Angle 6.

Reverse Triangle Footwork


The images below demonstrate reverse triangular footwork from Filipino
martial arts, using angles 1 through 4 of the FSD basic six angles. These four
attacks are used as covered entries in the 4 Step Matrix.
Pay careful attention to the foot that is used to step in conjunction with each
strike. This combination of footwork and stick work leads to the most ideal
positioning relative to your opponent.

Stepping off with the right foot while striking with a right angle 1. This
attack is used to stike an opponent, draw his block, or to defend against an
angle 1 attack.

Stepping off with the left foot while striking with a right angle 2. This attack
can also be used to strike an opponent, draw his block, or to defend against an
angle 2 attack.

Stepping off with the left foot while using an angle 3 cover. This technique is
primarily used to enter against an angle 2 attack or as a covered entry.

Stepping off with the right foot while using an angle 4 cover. Like the angle 3,
this technique is primarily used as a block against an angle 1 attack, or as a
covered entry.