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B.5 In both the cases care should be taken to avoid re-


Enough opening I shutters should be provided to the Ventilation & air r&quiramant TYPICALVENTILATION SYSTEM
D.G. room so that entry and placement of D.G. set is circulation of hot air. TO SIl£NCER
HE COOLED CENSET (DPTION -FOR
B)
W1NDDIRECTION

possible easily. In some cases, it may also be achieved by proper


natural ventilation.
::::
fe. Room Ventilation
C.1 Ventilation of the generator room is necessary to remove :'~n=~td- C.6 Forbasement installations,supplyof fresh air and forced
ventilation through air ducts is required to remove heat
heat and fumes dissipated by the engine, altemator and
its accessories and to provide clean and fresh
combustion air. Ventilation requirement is mandatory
for all engines.
-~ ~
---
-"'.1
Alte~telnlet C.7 Please refer to Table 1 for values of air required and
fan flows for various gensets rated at 1500rpm. Values
mentioned in table are with lagged exhaust piping in the
room and silencer fitted outside the room.
- FRES
AIR
OPENIH'

Improper ventilation can lead to : C.8 Maximum allowed temperature rise above ambient VENT

- Poor fuel efficiency --wt'X J ~


Not recommended
i.l genset room I enclosure is :
Max.ambient Allowable temp. rise Ref. C.5 (B)
- Poor performance of genset Ref. C.2
Upt04crC 1crC
- Failures of rubber components Above 4cr C 5° C Engine room ventilation
formulas:
can be estimated by the following

- High exhaust temperature and related failures Please note that appropriate deration may be applicable
V (cfm) =
H
+ Engine Combustion .Air
- Unbearable working conditions due to higher room
considering altitude and temperature for a particular engine!
altemator model. or
0.070 x 0.24 x A T

temperatures H
For higher ambient temperature, it is suggested to use V (m'/min) = + Engine CombustionAir
- High temperature rise in generator windings and ambieter (air handling system with cooler) to reduce genset
1.099 x 0.017 x AT
possible failures I insulation properties deterioration room temperature and ventilation air requirement V = Ventilatingair (elm) (m'/min).
H = Heat radiation (Btulmin)(kW).
C.2 Cross ventilation and free flow of cool, clean and fresh C.g Field Check for Proper Ventilation AT = Permissible temperature rise in engine room
air is must for satisfactory operation of DG set Air should 1. Run the engine on full load I typical load for about ('F) ('C).
flow from alternator end to engine. 1 hour so that temperature in the genset room gets Density of air af 100'F = 0.070 Iblcu ft (1.099 kg/m').
C.3 stabilised. Specific heat of eir = 0.24 btui'F (0.017 kWi'C).
For radiator cooled engines opening in front of radiator Ref. C.3 Assumingwe (100'F)embienteir temperture.
should be 1.5 times radiator core and at back 2.25 to 2. Measure the ambient air temperature (ambient
temperature should be measured outside the genset Ref. C,7
3 times radiator core. Ducting in front of radiator is
TO SIl£NCER room in shade).
recommended, however it is not mandatory.
I TYPlc.L VENTlLmON SYSTE. roR RADIATOR
W1NODIRECTION
21JOB HOU'"A HTIW "OITAQ""01 J","YT
COOLl. GENSET WITH ROO. .COUSTIC 3. Measure the temperature inside the genset room. ,.,RIUP"'"" '" onJO.. """" ,,'u ,. OT... ,'." 10'
If exact opening
in front of the radiator is not possible Genset room temperature should be meaSured near
then ducting should be done to take out hot air. air cleaner inlet of engine. L-''''
'" nm">o,,
;~
If opening in the back side of genset is not possible
then opening on both sides of genset at the rear of the
//
~~:CED
4. Calculate temperature difference between genset room
temperature and ambient i.e. delta T. -Dr
I '",.:
,
"''','''' - ,"""""OJ
JJo<
"".un"""
'OOJ.'° mme<
'"''
alternator may be acceptable. In this case total Sometimes to ensure proper ventilation, it may be H - ",!TO"
openings in two side walls should be atleast 3 times necessary to measure actual airflow by anemometer.
radiator core.
C.10 Suitable deration is required in case of ducting of altemator
"'l

"
I<Xl.STC Joe ';
C.4 Additional ventilation arrangement may be required for
llXMRS ? air inlet and outlet For details please refer to OEM. '" " PEB-EB-w-"m-'3)
"'"'0' !
radiator cooled engines installed in acoustic rooms! D Foundation '."',D::,' ~:,::::'U2: , , ! Ij
VENT H01 JIAT:!Q
enclosu,res. Typical arrangements is shown in C.4. D.1 Do not install genset on loose sand or clay. 'JOB "OITAQ"U01

Radiator cooled engines may create slight negative Ref. C.4


D.2 Foundation should be designed considering safe bearing Ref. D,3
pressure inside the genset room I enclosure. Maximum ..apacity of soil. Vibration isolators (AVMs) reduce
static restriction should not increase 6-mm of 'water TO SILENCER TYPICAL VENTILATION SVSTEM FOR generator set vibration and noise transmission to the Typical Depth of PCC Foundation
column. I . HE COOLED GENSET 10PTION -.) WIND DIRECTION surrounding structure. Hence they are recommended, (For soil bearing capacity
" however they are not mandatory. 5000 kglm 2 i.e. 1025IbJlt.2)

J
"., " ~~;.
C.5 Typically for heat exchanger cooled engines, forced ."".". Model Without With
ventilation is required. This can be achieved by -
A) Providing forced air I axial flow fans at the rear side ,
-
-'IR
LOCA""
FOR
FOR'"
D.3 If foundation is with anchor bolts, higher depths of
foundation is required as compared to mounting on AVMs.
Please refer attached table for depths of PCC (Plain
Cement Concrete) for typical soil condition, however
KVA
750-2000
AVM(mm)
1500
AVM(mm)
600
of the genset as shown in C.5 (A). Suitable openings //
structural engineer should be consulted to verify the data 625 1200 400
in front (similar to that for radiator cooled genset)
should be provided.
dependjng upon soil condition. If RCC (Reinforced Cement 320-500 1200 400
Conerale) is used the depth of foundation can be reduced
FORCED as per recommendation of structural I civil engineer.
200-320 1000 400
B) Suction fan/s at front as shown in C.S(B): Multiple OJR
Pockets (150 mm x 150 mm) are required if foundation Upto200 900 400
exhaust fans may be required to generate sufficient VENT bolts are to be used. For A VMs plain foundation is 82.5 450 200
air flow in the room. Suitable opening at (ear side of
adequate. Static and dynar)1ic load data for foundation
genset '(similar to that for radiator cooled genset) Ref. D.3
Ref. C.5 (A) design can be fumished on request
should be provided.
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