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ECCENTRIC SHEAR CONNECTION ANALYSIS OF WELD GROUP

Instantenious Center of Rotation Method, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, Second Edition.

Units:

US

Testing spreadsheet vs LRFD manual

Problem Description:
INPUT
Vertical Force
Py, kip
ex, in

OUTPUT

30
12

Horizontal Force
Px, kip
13
ey, in
14

Ultimate Shear Force, Po


Angle to horizon,
True Eccentricity, e
Solved !

Fillet weld size, w =


0.25 in
Electrode Strength, FEXX =
70 kip
Strength Reduction Factor 1 =
1.00
Weld shear capacity per unit length Rn = 0.75(0.6)1FEXX0.707w =
Weld
##

X1
1
2
3

Node 1
Y1
0
0
0
20
0
0

180.95 kip
66.57 deg
7.23 in

5.568 kip/in

Node 2
X2
Y2
0
20
8
20
10
0

27.5

22.5

17.5

13.963
12.5

9.474
7.5

2.5

-10

-5

-2.5 0

Welds
Center of
rotation

10

15

Testing spreadsheet vs LRFD manual


P =
Maximum Force at connection
Connection is concentrically loaded

180.95 kip
0

Angle
Vertical Force Py =
30.00 kip
Eccentricity ex =
12.00 in
Horizontal Force Px =
13.00 kip
Eccentricity ey =
14.00 in
Eccen. e =
Adjusted =
Weld size
0.25 in
Unit Weld Strength
Adjusted e =
Rn =
5.568 kip/in
Instant. Center
Weld Group Centroid
Xo
Yo
Xc
Yc
-5.520
13.963
2.158
9.474
Number of elements in the longest weld =
Total number of elements =

Weld
##
1
2
3

Weld Properties
Node 1
Node 2
X1
Y1
X2
Y2
0
0
0
0
20
8
0
0
10

1.162
7.231
1.162
7.231

rad

in
rad

in

20

38

Element properties
Centroid

20
20
0

Length
LW
20.000
8.000
10.000

angle
alphaW
1.5708
0.0000
0.0000

X
in
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.500
1.500
2.500
3.500
4.500
5.500
6.500
7.500
0.500
1.500
2.500
3.500
4.500
5.500
6.500
7.500

Y
in
0.500
1.500
2.500
3.500
4.500
5.500
6.500
7.500
8.500
9.500
10.500
11.500
12.500
13.500
14.500
15.500
16.500
17.500
18.500
19.500
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
20.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

8.500
9.500

0.000
0.000

Solver
Rsin()/sin(d)

Psin()
Rsin()
Difference

-180.949

-180.948 R*lr/(e+lo)
P(e+lo)
71.95
-71.95 R*lr

Rcos()/cos(d)

Pcos()
166.029
-166.03 Rcos()
-0.0018 Difference

Ultimate shear force


Dist. From 0,0 to Inst. Center
Sideways dist. to Inst. Center

Po
lo
mo

180.947

2906.17
2906.16 Must be Zero
-0.0001 Difference
0.0013
0.0000
Best Guess
180.947 kip
180.95
8.83 in
8.8298
-1.066 in

Charting Applied Force


12
12
12
#VALUE!
12
#VALUE!

Min max/r
#VALUE!

ent properties
Length
L
in
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

Angle to
horizon

Angle of
resultant to
horizon

rad
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
1.571
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

rad
-2.752

Angle to
resultant
force

rad
1.182

Dist. To IC
lr
in
14.55

max

max/lr

P=/max

in
0.017

in
0.001

Yakov Polyakov:
Unprotect sheet and copy highlighted line all
way down to see the detailed results for each
weld element. The data is not shown to
reduce number of formulas and to speed up
calculations.

0.017

1.000

1.000
1.000

0.000
0.000

Charting Applied Force


14
#VALUE!

Charting Welds
0
0

14
14
14
#VALUE!

Rsin()

Rcos()

R*r

8.045

-3.052

-7.444

117.063

R
kip
8.045

Rsin()
kip
-3.052

Rcos()
kip
-7.444

R*rad
kip-in
117.063

0
20

0
8

20
20

0
10

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

alpha
BestGuess_lo
BestGuess_Po
betta
BigX
BigX1
ConcConn
delta
dmax
e
ex
ex_input
ey
ey_input
FirstElement
FirstWeld
L_elem
lo
lr
LW
Min_Dmax_lr
mo
Mustbe0
Nel
p_ratio
Po
Px
Py
Rn
Rult
SumRcos
SumRd
SumRsin
theta
Total_N_el
UnitForce
UnitLength
Units
UnitStress
w
X
X_1
X_2
Xc
Xo
Y
Y_1
Y_2
Yc
Yo

Named Ranges
=OFFSET(X,0,3)
=Details!$R$8
=Details!$R$7
=ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo)-PI()/2
=Details!$I$19:$I$1118
=Details!$B$19:$B$38
=Details!$E$4
=Details!$I$8
=IF(theta>0.198348,1.087*POWER(DEGREES(theta)+6,-0.65)*w,0.17*w)
=Details!$I$9
=Details!$F$6
=Input!$B$15
=Details!$F$7
=Input!$D$15
=Details!$I$19
=Details!$B$19
=OFFSET(X,0,2)
=Details!$P$8
=SQRT((X-Xo)^2+(Y-Yo)^2)
=OFFSET(X_1,0,4)
=MIN(dmax/lr)
=Details!$P$9
=Details!$R$5
=Details!$E$14
=lr*MIN(dmax/lr)/dmax
=Details!$P$7
=Details!$C$7
=Details!$C$6
=Rult*L_elem*(1+0.5*POWER(SIN(theta),1.5))*POWER(p_ratio*(1.9-0.9*p_ratio),0.3)
=Details!$B$10
=Details!$O$4
=Details!$Q$4
=Details!$M$4
=ABS(ASIN(SIN(alpha-betta)))
=Details!$E$15
=IF(Units="US","kip","kN")
=IF(Units="US","in","mm")
=Input!$B$8
=IF(Units="US","ksi","MPa")
=Details!$B$8
=OFFSET(BigX,0,0,COUNT(BigX),1)
=OFFSET(BigX1,0,0,COUNT(BigX1),1)
=OFFSET(X_1,0,2)
=Details!$F$12
=Details!$D$12
=OFFSET(X,0,1)
=OFFSET(X_1,0,1)
=OFFSET(X_1,0,3)
=Details!$G$12
=Details!$E$12

ECCENTRICALLY LOADED WELD GROUP


ULTIMATE STRENGTH METHOD, LRFD 2nd EDITION
Y

Pu

Unit-Weld element

e
CG (Xc,Yc)

lo
(Xi,Yi)

mo

Input
Details

Py

Px
ey

lri

IC (Xo,Yo)

Ri

ex

Input Data:

Spreadsheet Formulas:

Shear force application: Px Py ex ey


X1,X2,Y1,Y2 - Cont. weld coordinates

Continuous weld formulas


LW = SQRT(SUMSQ(X2-X1,Y2-Y1))

Single bolt shear capacity:Rn

W=atan2(X2-X1,Y2-Y1)
Xc=SUM(LW*(X1+X2)/2)/SUM(LW)

Equlibrium equations:

Yc=SUM(LW*(Y1+Y2)/2)/SUM(LW)
Xo = -losin() - mocos() + Xc

(1)

Rsin() + Posin() = 0

(2)

Rcos() + Pocos() = 0

(3)

Rlr + P0(e+lo) = 0

Equations variables: Po lo and mo

Yo = locos() - mosin() + Yc

This spreadsheet is using the Instantenious


Center of Rotation Method to determine
shear capacity of weld group. This method is
described in LRFD Code (2nd Edition,
Volume II, p. 8-154). In theory, the weld
group rotates around IC, and the
displacements of each unit-weld element is
proportional to the distance to IC.
To determine the critical element, the ratio
max/lr is computed for each element, where
max = 1.087w(+6)-0.65<=0.17w
lr = distance from IC to unit-weld element.
w = leg size of the weld.
= the angle between resisting force in
unit-weld segment and its axis.

The element with the smallest ratio reaches


the ultimate capacity first. The deformation
of the other elements can then be computed
as =lr(max/lr)min
The resisting force for each element can be
found from :
R=FEXX(1+0.5sin1.5)[p(1.9-0.9p)]0.3, where
p=/max
= total deformation of the unit-weld
element.
Solving the system of three equilibrium
equations we can find location of IC and
ultimate shear force of weld group.

Unit-weld elements formulas


= ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo)-/2
= W -
e = -(ey-Yc)cos() + (ex-Xc)sin()

Excel Solver is used to find the roots

i = atan((Yi-Yo)/(Xi-Xo)) - /2

of the equations.

lr = SQRT((Y-Yo)2+(X-Xo)2)

VBA routine 'ReadWelds' divides

max=min(1.087*(DEGREES()+6)-0.65w,0.17w)

continuous welds into elements.


Default number of elements is 20
per longest weld, provides sufficient

p=(lr/max)(max/lr)min

accuracy.

1 - electrode strength adjustment coefficient (see sheet 'Input' for table)

R=Rn*L(1+0.5*SIN1.5())[p(1.9-0.9p)]0.3
Rn = 0.75*0.6*FEXX*0.707*w*1 [force/length]

Instantenious
determine
This method is
Edition,
, the weld
the
eld element is
o IC.
ent, the ratio
ement, where
17w
weld element.

ng force in
s.

t ratio reaches
e deformation
n be computed

ement can be

p)]0.3, where

nit-weld

quilibrium
n of IC and
roup.