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2008 4 89-134

Carl Schmitt


Carl Schmitt

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40

W. Benjamin

Ab integro nascitur ordo1

The Concept of the Political


1932
August Schaetz
1917 8 28
1963

enemy-friend
the concept of political

Virgil

2006c

2004 87-89

Carl Schmitt 91

the real possibility of the war

3 J. Derrida
The Politics

of Friendships

Derrida, Jacques 1997 , Politics of Friendship,


translated by George Collins, New York:Verso. Pp113-133.

92 45 5

J. Baudrillard
4

La guerre du Golfe n'a pas eu lieuJean


Baudrillard2003

2003 009

Carl Schmitt 93

1977

Methodologischer Medium

53 195

Die Punktuelle Grenze

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Rechtsordnung

2003

Ordnung
Recht

7
Rechts-Ordnung
RechtOrdnung
Normativismus
Gesetz

/
Gesetz
Recht
OrdnungRechtsordnung

Ordnung vor Recht

Konkretes Ordnungsdenken

/Gesetz/

2003 203

2003 212

Carl Schmitt 95

8
Ordnung
RechtGesetz

9
nomos
10 nomos

nomos Nomos as
king/the nomos, sovereign of all
11
8

1981 1042007
53-54 On the Three
Types of Juristic Thought, translated by Joseph W. Bendersky, 2004, Praegeer
Publishers.

2003 185
10 1981 104
11 nomos

Pindar Nomos basileusNomos as king/the nomos, sovereign of


all nomos
//
The Nomos of The Earth
23 nomos
nomos
2005 212

96 45 5

nomos nomos
//

Ordnungnomos

the political
nomos
/
/
nomos //

12
nomos

Max Weber

12 2004c 127

Carl Schmitt 97

Peace of Westphalia

Jus Publicum Europaeum

jus belli

Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of


Sovereignty
state of exception

The Theory of Partisan

98 45 5

The Nomos of the Earth

/norm
/

auctoritatis interpositio

13Giorgio Agamben, 2005

State of Exception
13 2005
P.95-140
2007

Carl Schmitt 99

14

1923 15G.
Sorel
Reflections on Violence

16
17

14 2007

15
2006 110
16 6
17 2003

100 45 5

On

18
Dictatorship
1922

/
19

M.A. Bakunin

force violence

20
W. Benjamin
Critique of Violence/Zur Kritik der

18 4
19 6
20 7

Carl Schmitt 101

Gewalt21

pure violence

Gorgio Agamben

1921

1922
20
22

/23

21 Walter Benjamin 1996, Critique of Violence, p.236, in Walter Benjamin:


Selected Writings Volume 1 ,1913-1926,pp.236-252, edited by M. Bullock and
M.W.Jennings, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Gewalt

22 Giorgio Agamben2005a,
State of Exception, Ch. 4, translated by Kevin Attel, The University of Chicago Press.
2007
23
The Seduction of Unreason

102 45 5

1923

24

Richard Wolin2006 223


225

Richard Wolin
The Ghost
of Carl Schmitt Richard Wolin

24 10

Carl Schmitt 103

25

Leviathan

25
Balakrishnan, 2000

Mller, 2006

104 45 5

26

27

26 2004c 99
27 113

Carl Schmitt 105

28

jus vitae ac necis

28 115

106 45 5

1.
2.

warfare

the war/war action

29

29

125

Carl Schmitt 107

Vlkerbund
jus belli

/hors
lhumanit
/against humanity

108 45 5

The Nomos of The Earth


nomos
nomos 30land-appropriation

nomosUr-act
taking/Nehmendividing/Teilenpastoring
/Weiden
nomos nemein
nomos

Thus, nomos is the immediate from in which the political and social order
of a people becomes spatially visible.
31
nemein 32 nomomachy
30 nomos
2005
31 The Nomos of The Earth. p.70.
32 nomos Gesetz/law

Carl Schmitt 109

statehood
nomos
Gesetz/law
nomos
nemein 33

nomos
/OrtungOrdnung

nomos of the earth


/topos

nomos

Lebensgesetz/ law of life


Leben/ biological The Nomos
of the Earth. p.70. Note 10.Gro
raum

33 The Nomos of the Earth. p.73.

110 45 5

34

nomos

34 2006b 41 Carl Schmitt1997, Land


and Sea, translated and with a foreword by Simona Draghici, Washington, D.C. :
Plutarch Press.

Carl Schmitt 111

nomos

35

nomos

36

500

35 13
36 7-8

2006b

112 45 5

37

38

37 Immanuel Wallerstein
The Modern World System I~III1999
38 14-15

Carl Schmitt 113

39

Herman Melville
Moby-Dick

40

41

17

16-17
39 15
40 18

Carl Schmitt1987, Interrogation of Carl Schmitt by Robert Kempner


(I-III), On Grossraum, The Hitler Regime, and Collaboration (I-III); Answers to
Allegations, in Telos, No. 72, Summer 1987.
41 18

114 45 5

42

Jus Publicum Europaeum

terra
derelicta
1819
/43

44 16

42 25
43
44
44 46

Carl Schmitt 115

45
16 20
400

16

16

Jean Bodin

46

47

16

45 50
46 67-68
47 73

116 45 5

48

free
land
Sir Thomas More1516
Utopia 1609
Hugo Grotius
The Free Sea49

Sir Philip Meadows


1689

17

Martial
Law
Martial Law /
state of
siege

48 75
49 Hugo Grotius 2005

Carl Schmitt 117

50

nomos
of the earth

51

52

total war

50 85
51 A. Negri Empire
Negri

52 76

118 45 5

Entankerung53

//

53 1923
Roman Catholicism and
Political FormCarl Schmitt, 1996c

Carl Schmitt 119

16

total war

total state

18081813

54

54 Carl Schmitt2004c; 268 Carl


Schmitt, 2004b, Theory of the Partisan (1963), in Telos, No. 127, Spring.pp11-78
2004

120 45 5

55

56

Terror und Gegenterror

partisan
partei

55 271
56 274

Carl Schmitt 121

57

Parteien-Krieg

58

59

57 287
58 302
59 303

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real

absolute

60

CIA

60 331

Carl Schmitt 123

1.
2.
3.
The Nomos of the Earth

Mller2006

61
61 Jan-Werner Mller, A Dangerous Mind: Carl Schmitt in post-war European
thought , New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

124 45 5

nemein nomomachy
nomos

//

Jan-Werner Mller 2006


162

Carl Schmitt 125

62

nomos

63
Antonio Negri Michale Hardt

Empire

MultitudeWar

62
George Schwab1989, 1996

63 Mller2006 125

126 45 5

and Democracy in the Age of Empire64


/ Mller2006
Negri

Weltraumnahme
Landnahme

65

20

Negri

last war
Mller

66

67 Negri Mller

Agamben, 2005

64 Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt, 2000, Empire, Cambridge: Harvard.; 2004,
MultitudeWar and Democracy in the Age of Empire, the Penguin Press: New York.
65 145
66 221
67 162

Carl Schmitt 127

anomie nomos anomie

nomos anomie anomie nomos


creatio ex nihilio

nomos/anomie
/
chaos/anomie
68 nomos
anomie anomie nomos

Heraclitus

polemos
theous
anthropous

69

68 State of Exception, p.73.


69 Heideggers Roots; Nietzche,
National Socialism, and the GreeksCharles Bambach 2007

128 45 5

70

nomos anomie
/
/

Jetztzeit/now-time

anomie nomos

70 Benjamin2003,The Concept of History, in Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings


Volume 4 ,1938-1940, trans by E. Jephcott an others, The Belknap Press of Harvard
University Press.Pp.389-397.

Carl Schmitt 129

Agamben, Giorgio
2005 State of Exception, translated by Kevin Attel, The University of Chicago Press.
Benjamin, Walter
1996 Critique of Violence, p.236, in Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings Volume
1 ,1913-1926,pp.236-252, edited by M. Bullock and M.W.Jennings, The Belknap
Press of Harvard University Press.
2003 Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings Volume 4 ,1938-1940, trans by E. Jephcott an
others, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Balakrishnan, Gopal
2000 The Enemy: an intellectual portrait of Carl Schmitt , New York: VERSO.
Bambach, Charles
2007
Heideggers Roots; Nietzche,
National Socialism, and the Greeks
Charles Bambach

Baudrillard, Jean
2003
La guerre du Golfe n'a pas eu lieu
Jean
Baudrillard
Derrida, Jacques
1997 Politics of Friendship, translated by George Collins, New York:Verso.
Grotius, Hugo
2005
Hugo Grotius
Negri, Antonio Hardt, Michael
2000 Empire, Cambridge: Harvard.

130 45 5

2004 MultitudeWar and Democracy in the Age of Empire, the Penguin Press: New
York.
Mller, Jan-Werner
2003 A Dangerous Mind: Carl Schmitt in post-war European thought , New Haven:
Yale University Press,.
2006
Jan-Werner Mller

Schmitt, Carl
1987 Interrogation of Carl Schmitt by Robert Kempner (I-III), On Grossraum, The
Hitler Regime, and Collaboration (I-III); Answers to Allegations, in Telos, No. 72,
Summer 1987.
1988 Political Theology: Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty, trans and
introduction by George Schwab, The MIT Press.
1996a The Concept of the Political, trans and introduction by George Schwab, The
University of Chicago Press.
1996b The Leviathan in the state theory of Thomas Hobbes: meaning and failure of a
political symbol, foreword and introduction by George Schwab, translated by
George Schwab and Erna Hilfstein , Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
1996c Roman Catholicism and Political Form, translated and annotated by G.L. Ulmen,
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press,
1997 Land and sea, translated and with a foreword by Simona Draghici, Washington,
D.C. : Plutarch Press.
2003 The Nomos of the Earth: in the international law of the jus publicum Europaeum ,
translated and annotated by G.L. Ulmen, New York: Telos Press.
2004a On the Three Types of Juristic Thought, translated by Joseph W. Bendersky,

Carl Schmitt 131

Praegeer Publishers.
2004b Theory of the Partisan (1963), in Telos, No. 127, Spring.pp11-78.
2004c

2006a

2006b

2007
2007
Schwab, George
1989 The Challenge of the Exception : an introduction to the political ideas of Carl
Schmitt between 1921 and 1936 , New York : Greenwood Press.
1996 Introduction, in The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes : meaning
and failure of a political symbol , Carl Schmitt ; foreword and introduction by
George Schwab ; translated by George Schwab and Erna Hilfstein, Westport,
Conn : Greenwood Press.
Wallerstein, Immanuel
1999

The Modern World System I~III

Wolin, Richard
2006
The Seduction of Unreason
Richard Wolin

2003

Jean Baudrillard
2005

197-2182005

132 45 5

1977

53

1981

2007

2003
.185-219
2005
P.95-140

2003

N. Machiavelli

Carl Schmitt 133

Enemy, War and the Political Order


Carl Schmitt On War and the Formation of Political Order
Abstract
This context is mainly covered of Carl Schmitts discourse on political
order in view of war/warfare. The followings divides Schmitts main
discourse into three incremental phases and structures. Into the first is the
state of exception as the base point of war/violence embedment into the
political order formation. This is so called the sovereignty as the political
units. In following, concern the inter-state relation, Schmitt began to
investigate the relationships base on enemy-friend. In this regard, Schmitt
claim both of the enmity and warfare are pre-condition of the political
dynamics. Finally, Schmitt enlarged his thinking view by starting formulation
of the political order relationship at level of global space at stage of World
War II. He declared that the contradiction between land and sea
land-power and sea-power is the most fundamental dimension of
the human beings political order which is the original meaning of the Greece
word nomos. Conclusively, Schmitt argue that all political orders/nomos
cannot be thinking without concerning the original violent event, that is the
War of land-appropriation.
Keywords: Carl Schmitt, the state of exception, war, enemy,
sovereignty, the political, nomos

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