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Book Four

English
Workbook
By Ronald Ridout

4

2

All about Monica Watson

1. I am a girl, and my name is Monica Watson,
2. I have fair hair and blue eyes.
3. I was born in the year 1969.
4. My next birthday is on 23rd November, 1979.
5. On that day I shall be ten years old.
6. I attend South town Primary School.
7. Mr. Brown is the headmaster.
8. My address is 29, Old Street, Ford town, Lancashire.
9. Our house is just one kilometre from the school.
10. I started using this book on 27th June, 1978.
Write ten sentences like those Monica wrote, but alter the information to make it true
of yourself. Make sure you use capital letters in all the right places.

ALL ABOUT ME

1. _______________________________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________________________
10. _______________________________________________________________________

The thief

3

Re-write each of these sentences. Put in the place of the italicized word, a word of similar meaning chosen from the three
on the right.

1. Once a woman lost a beautiful brooch.
2. She searched everywhere, but could not find it.
3. So she asked the police to send a detective to her house to
help her.
4. The detective mounted the stairs to the room where the
brooch had been kept.
5. Presently he came down.
6. “I think the brooch is in the jackdaw’s nest in that tall tree,
“he said.
7. He fetched a ladder and climbed the tree,
8. With the brooch secure in his pocket, he descended.
9. “l knew where to look, because the bird left tracks on your
dressing-table, “he explained.

(ugly, lovely, big)
(walked, moved, hunted)
(wash, assist, arrest)
(climbed, broke, visited)
(happily, quietly, soon)
(hear, believe, smell)
(obtained, bought, fixed)
(rattling, safe, shining)
(feathers, holes, marks)

Once a woman lost a lovely brooch. She
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

4

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

Here is the alphabet in small letters:

Alphabetical order

Now write it out in capital letters
A
B

Write each of these lists in alphabetical order. The first will remind you how to do it.
Remember that special names of person, place, days and months must begin with a
capital letter.
train

car
1.___________

boat

5.___________

Jane 9.____________

car

cycle
2.___________

ship

6.___________

Susan 10.____________

cycle

tank
3.___________

yacht

7.___________

Mary 11.____________

tank

train
4.___________

liner

8.___________

Edith 12.____________

apple

13.__________

Bob

17.___________

March 21.___________

plum

14.___________

Bert

18.___________

April 22.____________

currant

15.___________

Alan

19.___________

May 23.____________

pear

16.___________

Geoff

20.___________

June 24.____________

high

25.___________

Sweden

29.___________

Brown 33.___________

happy

26.___________

China

30.___________

Benson 34.__________

stout

27.___________

country

31.___________

Giles

slim

28.___________

Spain

32.___________

Gunn 36.___________

tight

37.___________

Jean

42.___________

Heals

tall

38.___________

Joyce

43.___________

Hodges 48.__________

tender

39.___________

Jill

44.___________

Harris 49.__________

small

40.___________

Judy

45.___________

Hunt

slender

41.___________

Jane

46.___________

Hibbert 51.__________

35.___________

47.__________

50.__________

The dictionary

The words in a dictionary are arranged in alphabetical
order. Put the words from this box in the same order
as in the dictionary. Then turn to the Little Dictionary
on page 46 and see if you have put them in the right
order. After that write out their meanings. The first one
has been done for you.

5

goat
fruit
games
eventually
hairdresser
giraffe
foolish
fetched

eventually
The alphabetical list: _________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
The Meanings
1.

The word ‘eventually’ means ‘in the end’’
____________________________________________________________________

2.

The word ‘fetched’’
____________________________________________________________________

3.

____________________________________________________________________

4.

____________________________________________________________________

5.

____________________________________________________________________

6.

____________________________________________________________________

7.

____________________________________________________________________

8.

____________________________________________________________________

Now use the little dictionary and write a pair of sentences, like the pair done for you,
about each of these:
9. the hair dresser 10. the postman 11. the motorist
12. the plumber

9.

____________________________________________________________________
The
hairdresser cuts hair.

The hairdresser is a person who cuts hair.
____________________________________________________________________

10.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

11.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

12.

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

6

1. I am the day before Friday.

Clues

T

S

2. I am the third month of the year.

H

3. A clock has two, and so have you.

S

4. I mean the same as sunrise.

A

5. I am a fish that rhymes with shout.

R

6. I follow spring.
7. I am a noun meaning a sailing boat.

H

8. I am the plural of crumb.

B

9. I am the singular of daisies.

Y

10. I am an adjective meaning broad.

D

Here in the wrong order are the answers: March, Thursday, daisy, crumbs, dawn, wide,
hands, yacht, summer, trout.

11.
12.
13.
14.

man who sells linen and other
cloth goods (noun.)
opposite of wide (adjective)
plural of fairy (noun)
person who plays piano (noun)

15.

person who rides a bike (noun)

16.

one’s father’s brother (noun)

17.

do as one is told (verb)

18.

noun formed from strong (noun)

Here in the wrong order are the answers; fairies, narrow, draper, strength, pianist, cyclist, uncle, obey.

Crosswords

1

7

2

3
4
5

6

We call Sunday the first day of the week. The rest in order are:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
All the days except Sunday are called weekdays.
Now fill in the puzzle with help of these clues:
Across






3. The day before Friday.
5. The day beginning with W.
6. The one from last day.

1

2

S
E

3

5

T

C

I

O

M
E

I

N

This puzzle has been solved for you,
but there are no clues. By looking up
the Little Dictionary, write down suitable clues.

H
A

4

U

W

N

A

D

5. ____________________________

S

____________________________

T

D

E

Across

C
6

Down
1. Not a weekday.
2. The last day of the week.
3. The third day of the week.
4. The first weekday

H

6. ____________________________

O

U

R

____________________________

Down
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________

8

Two stations

Write out these sentences under the correct headings below, so as to make two short
compositions of five sentences each.
The platforms are crowded with waiting passengers. Only two people are in sight. Not a sound
can be heard. There is a great din of people talking and doors banging. No train is expected
for a long while. One train is just arriving and another will soon be leaving. Porters are busy
wheeling luggage on trucks. A luggage barrow stands idle on the platform. It is a scene of
bustling activity.

A Quiet Station
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
A Busy station
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Adjectives

9

These are the names of the things in the pictures, but in a different order. Remember
that names of things are called nouns.
girl

boy

man

woman

sea

lake

The following words describe the nouns. For example, tall describes the girl. Words
that describe nouns are called adjectives.
tall

fat

small

thin

wild

calm

Choose the right adjective to describe each noun, and then write a sentence about each
picture. Begin like this:
The first picture shows a thin man.
1.______________________________________________________________________
The second picture
2.______________________________________________________________________
3.______________________________________________________________________
4.______________________________________________________________________
5.______________________________________________________________________
6.______________________________________________________________________
Now write six more sentences. Begin like this:
The man is thin,
7._____________________________

10._________________________________

The woman is
8._____________________________

11._________________________________

9._____________________________

12._________________________________

10

Please continue

To each sentence in group 1 to 6 add another from group a to f below.
The sentence you add must follow on naturally after the one you add it to.
1. Yesterday George visited the Post Office.
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Smoke and flames were coming out of the windows.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. The sky is red tonight.
_______________________________________________________________________
4. Deborah sits at the counter and stamps the books.
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Orville Wight was an American airman.
_______________________________________________________________________
6. The policeman stopped the cars and buses.
_______________________________________________________________________
(a) The house was on fire.

(d) There he posted a parcel

(b) Tomorrow it will be fine.

(e) Then the children crossed the road safely.

(c) He piloted the first plane to fly.

(f) She works at the library.

Add a sentence of your own to each of these:
7. Jugs are frequently used to hold water and milk.
_______________________________________________________________________
8. Mirrors are made of glass.
_______________________________________________________________________
9. You can buy postal orders at the Post Office.
_______________________________________________________________________
10. The sky this morning was red.
_______________________________________________________________________

The invention of aeroplanes

11

By taking off down hill, glider planes had carried men through the air before 1900. But it was
not till 1903 that the first motor-driven plane took off from level ground. This first flight was
made by Orville Wright, an American, on 11th December. His plane stayed up sixty seconds
and travelled three hundred yards before touching down.
Many other people were giving thought and energy to the invention of aeroplanes. In 1907 the
Vision brothers built a biplane that flew for half a mile. By 1907 Loius Bleriot, another Frenchman, had flown across the Channel of his own make. Later that year A.V Roe, an Englishman,
was successfully flying a triplane, and the speed record had reached 50 m.p.h
After each question below write the correct answer from this list:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Bleriot first crossed the Channel by air.
It was unusual because triplanes are rare today.
Orville Wright was the pilot.
On this date the first proper aeroplane flight was made.
It is an abbreviation for miles per hour.
A bib plane first flew a half-mile.

1. What sort of plane first flew half a mile?
_______________________________________________________________________
2. What does m.p.h. mean?
_______________________________________________________________________
3. What happened on 11th December, 1903?
_______________________________________________________________________
4. Who piloted the first real aeroplane?
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Why should we think Roe’s plane was unusual?
_______________________________________________________________________
6. Who first flew from France to England?
_______________________________________________________________________

12

Questions

Write a full sentence in answer to each of the questions are the names of the animals you will
need
cow elephant
goat monkey

tortoise
giraffe

squirrel
sheep

cat
mule

1. Which animals has a bushy tall?

The squirrel has a bushy tail
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Which animal gives us milk?
_______________________________________________________________________
3. Which animal has a trunk?
_______________________________________________________________________
4. Which animal purrs?
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Which animal swings by its tail?
_______________________________________________________________________
6. Which animal has a long neck?
_______________________________________________________________________
7. Which animal barks?
_______________________________________________________________________
8. Which animal gives us wool?
_______________________________________________________________________
9. Which animal is made into bacon?
_______________________________________________________________________
10. Which animal takes a long sleep in winter?
_______________________________________________________________________
11. Which animal is half horse and half donkey?
_______________________________________________________________________
12. Which animal butts with its head?
_______________________________________________________________________

Answers

13

Write out the question to which each of the sentences below might have been the answer.
1. Which animal has a hump on his back?
The
camel has a hump on its back.
_______________________________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________________________
The cat purrs.
3. _______________________________________________________________________
The cow has horns.
4. _______________________________________________________________________
The cart-house pulls wagons.
5. _______________________________________________________________________
The rabbit lives in a burrow.
6. _______________________________________________________________________
Pigs live in sties.
7. _______________________________________________________________________
Bees live in hives.
8. _______________________________________________________________________
Spiders spin webs.
9. _______________________________________________________________________
The wasp stings worst.
10. ______________________________________________________________________
The mouse nibbles.
11. _______________________________________________________________________
Sheep give us mutton.
12._______________________________________________________________________
The thrush has a speckled breast.
13._______________________________________________________________________
The owl hoots at night.
14._______________________________________________________________________
The ape is fond of imitating human beings.

14

Verbs

By the help of the little dictionary use these verbs (doing words) to fill the blanks below:
disobey

waddle

march

disappear

accompany imprison

1. To ____________________________ means to go along with.
2. To ____________________________ means to put in prison.
3. To ____________________________ means to walk in order as soldiers do.
4. To ____________________________ means to walk like a duck.
5. To ____________________________ means not to do as one is told.
6. To ____________________________ means to go out of sight.
Rewrite these sentences, replacing the part in italics by a single verb chosen from the
following:

improving

disbelieved appeared

imprisoned

sprawl

descended bloom

despise

7. We look down with scorn on his mean action.
8. This rose tree will soon put forth blossoms.
9. I think my writing is getting better.
10. John did not believe the story.
11. We climbed down the hill into the valley.
12. The thief will be put in prison.
13. I like to stretch my body carelessly on the rug.
14. Suddenly Tom came into sight round the bend of the road.
We despise his mean action.
7.______________________________________________________________________
8.______________________________________________________________________
9.______________________________________________________________________
10._____________________________________________________________________
11._____________________________________________________________________
12._____________________________________________________________________
13._____________________________________________________________________
14._____________________________________________________________________

Young squirrels

15

Mischief, Sprite, Elf and Flame grew so fast that you could almost see them getting bigger
under your eyes. They all had most glorious red coats. But Elf’s was the finest. And wasn’t
he proud of it! He spent no end of time cleaning it with his paws and his littte-tongue. As for
his tail, it looked as if it were blown out with air, almost like a balloon. Eff was always fluffing it up. His mother never had to say to him, as she did to Mischief, “Fluff out your tail.”
Mischief the Squirrel, by
Pere Castor (Alien and Unwin Ltd)
Complete each sentence with a word used above.
The baby squirrels grew very
1. _____________________________________________________________________
was the colour of their coats.
2._____________________________________________________________________
Elf was very proud of his
3._____________________________________________________________________
4._____________________________________________________________________
Elf cleaned his coat with his tongue and his
His tail looked rather like a
5._____________________________________________________________________
His mother often had to tell
to fluff out his tail.
6._____________________________________________________________________
Begin each answer with the words in italics:
7. What did Elf’s tail look like? Elf’s tail
Elf’s tail looked almost like a balloon.
_______________________________________________________________________
8. Say what Elf was proud of.
_______________________________________________________________________
9. What was their names?
_______________________________________________________________________
10. What was the colour of their coats?
_______________________________________________________________________
11. What did his mother had to tell Mischief?
_______________________________________________________________________

16

Opposites

Rewrite the verbs in each right -hand list so that they can pair off with their opposites
in the left.
help - helped
1. _________________________begin

lengthen
6. ______________________
appear

find
2. _________________________disobey

shouted
7. ______________________
sank

finish
3. _________________________
decrease

disappear
8. ______________________
unloosed

obey
4. _________________________
hindered
increase
5. _________________________
lose

floated
9. ______________________Whispered
fastened
10. _____________________
shorten

Now pair these nouns as opposites in the same way:
friends
11. ________________________
sunset

heroes
16. _____________________
valley

falsehood
12. ________________________
victories

safety
17. _____________________
answer

giants
13. ________________________
enemies

kindness
18. _____________________
villains

sunrise
14. ________________________truth

question
19. _____________________
danger

15. ________________________
dwarfs
defeats

hills
20. _____________________
cruelty

Pair off the adjectives in (a) with their opposites in the first list; and those in (b) with
their opposites in the second list; and those in (c) with the last list.
(a)

empty, heavy, broad, ancient, dirty

(b)

early, quiet, sour, rapid, lean

(c)

wealthy, foolish, captive, bottom, plural

light
21. ___________________
26.

free
sweet
___________________
31. ___________________

full
22. ___________________
27.

poor
late
___________________
32. ___________________

clean
23. ___________________
28.

wise
noisy
___________________
33. ___________________

narrow
24. ___________________
29.

singular
fat
___________________
34. ___________________

modern
25. ___________________
30.

top
slow
___________________
35. ___________________

Opposition sentence

17

After each sentence in the first group (1-9) write one of the opposite meaning chosen
from the second group (a-i).
1. What he said made me feel very annoyed.
________________________________________________________________________
2. I entered very noisily.
________________________________________________________________________
3. I feel as strong as an ox this morning.
________________________________________________________________________
4. I was drenched through and through.
________________________________________________________________________
5. Daniel’s looked as thin as a rake.
________________________________________________________________________
6. Daniel’s hearing was excellent.
________________________________________________________________________
7. Daniel was shivering with cold.
________________________________________________________________________
8. Daniel’s meat was deliciously tender.
________________________________________________________________________
9. Daniel was as fat as a porker.
________________________________________________________________________
(a) This morning I feel very weak.
(b) I was as pleased as Punch by what he said.
(c) Daniel was as fat as a pig.
(d) Daniel felt as warm as toast.
(e) Daniel was as deaf as a door post.
(f) Daniel’s meat was as tough as leather.
(g) I was as dry as a bone.
(h) Daniel was extremely slender.
(i) I came in as quietly as a mouse.

18

Sentences in order

Write out each group of sentences in the correct order. Begin within the words indicated.
He prepares the ground for sowing.
He gathers the fully grown carrots.
He sows the seed.
Daddy buys a packet of seeds.
He has to wed the growing plant.
Daddy buys a packet of seeds.
1. The
______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
Then
3. Next
______________________________________________________________________
that
4. After
______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
Finally
She mixed the cake.
She takes it out of the oven to cool.
Mother weighs the ingredients.
She tips the mixture into the tin.
She puts it in the oven to bake.
First
6. _______________________________________________________________________
Then
7. _______________________________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________________________
Next
After that
9. _______________________________________________________________________
10. Finally
______________________________________________________________________
He blew up the tyre and rode away.
He stuck a patch over the puncture.
Sandy removed the tyre.
He took out the inner tube.
He replaced the inner tube and the tyre.
First
11. _____________________________________________________________________
Then
12. _____________________________________________________________________
Next
13. _____________________________________________________________________
After that
14. _____________________________________________________________________
Finally
15. _____________________________________________________________________

His mistake

19

One day when Ronald was very young, his father gave him a little toy car. For a while he had
great fun with his new plaything. Then one day he said, “If my car were bigger I could ride in
it,”
A few days later his mother inquired where the car was. “Have you lost it?” she asked.
“I wanted it to grow bigger,” replied Ronald. “So I planted it in the garden.”
Answer each of these with a complete sentence.
1. Which word in the first sentence means only a few years old?
________________________________________________________________________
2. Which word in the second sentence means a toy?
________________________________________________________________________
3. What did Ronald’s father give him?
________________________________________________________________________
4. When did he give the toy car to Ronald?
________________________________________________________________________
5. Why did Ronald want the car to grow bigger?
________________________________________________________________________
6. Write out the Question Ronald’s mother put to him.
________________________________________________________________________
7. Why did Ronald plant the car?
________________________________________________________________________
8. Rewrite the second sentence so that it means Ronald did not enjoy his present.
________________________________________________________________________

20

Describing picture

Your friend has been ill and is not yet allowed to read. Write four or five sentences to describe what is happening in each picture. Use as many of the given words as you like.
children

picnic wood trees sandwiches lemonade

bicycles

1. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
model

railway

tunnel

bridge

Lily-pond

river water-butt

2. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
dolls
tea-party
table
cups
and
saucers
golly
3. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

Forming plural

21

We speak of one chimney, but two chimneys.
We speak of one cherry, but two cherries.
Both chimney and in y, but they change differently when we make them plural (meaning
more than one). The rule is:
(a) When there is a vowel (a,e,i,o,u,) just before the y, add s.
(b) When there is a consonant (any other letter) just before the y, change the y into i and es.
Make two equal groups of there nouns:
boy

puppies

lady

monkeys

penny

stories

boys

valleys

ladies

pennies

holidays

valley

berry

lorry

berries

monkeys

holiday

story

lorries

puppy

Singular nouns:
boy
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Plural nouns:
valleys
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Write the singular noun beside each plural noun:
pennies
flies
cities city
1.__________________________
5._______________________
9. _______________
boys
cherries
babies
2.__________________________
6. _______________________
10. _______________
toys
chimneys
skies
3. __________________________7.
_______________________
11.________________
days
puppies
cries
4.__________________________
8. _______________________
12. _______________
Write the plural noun besides each singular noun:
cherry
baby
donkey donkeys
13.__________________________
17.______________________ 21. ____________
puppy
boy
holiday
14.__________________________
18 _______________________
22 ______________
copy
penny
berry
15. _________________________
19. _______________________
23._____________
army
lady
fly
16__________________________
20 _______________________
24. _____________

22

Going to bed.

‘Come, let’s go to bed”
Says Sleepy - head.
“Tarry a while,”
“Put on the pan,”
Says Greedy Nan;
“Let’s sup before we go.”

There are three people in this jingle. Their names are Sleepy-head, Slow and Greedy Nan.
Notice that when we write the special names of persons we always begin with a capital letter.
Can you answer these questions about the jingle? Four of your answers will begin with Yes
and four with No.
Use complete sentences like this:
1. Did Sleepy-head to go to bed?

Yes, sleeping -head did want to go bed
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Did Slow want to go to bed at once?
No, slow did not want to go to bed at once.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. Did Slow want to stay up a little longer ?
_______________________________________________________________________
4. Did Greedy Nan want a meal before going to bed?
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Did Sleep - head want to stay up late?
_______________________________________________________________________
6. Was Nan feeling hungry?
_______________________________________________________________________
7. Was Slow in a hurry to go to bed?
_______________________________________________________________________
8. Did Nan have a small appetite?
_______________________________________________________________________

The race

23

Five boys completed in the hundred yards race. Their names were Bryan, Alan, John, Peter
and Mark. Bryan passed the winning post first, with Mark close on his heels. John was last,
through he finished only a foot behind Alan. The other boy did not complete the course, because he tripped half-way and injured his knee.
First label correctly each boy in the picture. Then write a full sentence in answer to:
1. Who was the winner?
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Who was placed second?
_______________________________________________________________________
3. Who came in third?
_______________________________________________________________________
4. By how much did Alan beat John?
_______________________________________________________________________
5. How many finished the race?
_______________________________________________________________________
6. What was the of the boy who did not finish?
_______________________________________________________________________
7. Why did he not finish?
_______________________________________________________________________
8. What were the names of the competitors in alphabetical order?
_______________________________________________________________________

24

1. Tell the story of these pictures in complete sentences. Some of these words may be
useful:
Spot walk
meet
black
chase
climb
tree follow

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

2. Tell the story of these pictures too. Some of these words may help:
balloon
playing

garden
lodges

broken-hearted
idea

ladder
fetches

climbs
descends

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

How alike?

25

In what way are the things in each pair alike? The answers are on the right. Write them
out in the same order as the pairs they refer to.
dresses and trousers
benny and sixpence
house and school
Sunday and Tuesday
yellow and blue
oak and chestnut
kitten and duckling
walnut and hazel

(a) They are both coins.
(b) They are both babies.
(c) They are both a kind of tree.
(d) They are both kinds of nut.
(e) They bare both names of days.
(f) They are both articles of clothing.
(g) They are both buildings.
(h) They are both names of colours

They are both articles of clothing
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Now write your own answer to these question
1. In what way are a dress and a coat alike?
________________________________________________________________________
2. In what way are a puppy and a kitten alike?
________________________________________________________________________
3. In want way are a football and the sun alike?
________________________________________________________________________
4. In what way are Monday and Wednesday alike?
________________________________________________________________________

26

insects

cities

games

vegetables

corn

meat

fruits

occupations

Classes

Use one of these nouns to fill each of the blanks:
1. Apples, oranges and grapes are all names of
________________________________________________________________________
2. Ants, bees and earwigs are all names of
________________________________________________________________________
3. Glasgow, Paris and London are all names of
________________________________________________________________________
4. Beef, pork, mutton, veal and venison are all kinds of
________________________________________________________________________
5. Barley, rye, maize and wheat are all kinds of
________________________________________________________________________
6.
is the group name of turnips, cabbage and peas
________________________________________________________________________
7.
is the group name of golf, cricket and tennis
________________________________________________________________________
8. Teaching, farming, mining and weaving are all
________________________________________________________________________
Answer the following in complete sentences. Remember to put in the commas. There
is only one word out of place in each group.
9. Which are relations?

Mother, cousin, aunt, fairy, sister

Mother,
cousin, aunt and sister are all relatives
________________________________________________________________________
10. Which are towns?
Brighton, Bolton, April, Swanssae, Luton
________________________________________________________________________
11. Which are birds?
robin, thrush, duck, cow, goose
________________________________________________________________________
12.. Which are people? girls, men, monkeys, teacher, doctors
________________________________________________________________________
13. Which are drinks?
cocoa, lettuce, tea, wine, milk
________________________________________________________________________
14. Which are metals?
oak, iron, lead, copper, brass
________________________________________________________________________

Commas

27

Choose three out of four each time. Then write the answer in a complete sentence.
Remember to put the commas.
1. Which ones can see?

babies, boys, trains, women

Babies, boys and woman can all see.
________________________________________________________________________
2. Which ones can talk?
girls, houses, men, boys
________________________________________________________________________
3. Which ones can walk?
girls, cows, kittens, ships
________________________________________________________________________
4. Which ones can eat?
men, pigs, cars, kittens, ships
________________________________________________________________________
5. Which ones can jump?

shops, horses, boys, dogs

________________________________________________________________________
6. Which ones have mothers? lamb, babies, puppies, cakes
________________________________________________________________________
7. Which ones have eyes?
chicken, Bob, eggs, Susan
________________________________________________________________________
8. Which ones are toys?
dolls, socks, balloons, rattles
________________________________________________________________________
9. Which ones have birthdays? pennies, maureen, alf, mr. Green
________________________________________________________________________
10. Which ones go to school?
Puppies, boys, girls, infants
________________________________________________________________________
11. Which ones will grow up?
baskets, babies, goslings, colts
________________________________________________________________________
12. Which ones have tongues?
________________________________________________________________________

28

Margaret’s day

Seven
O’clock

Half past
Seven

Eight
O’clock

Quarter to nine

Soon after an
hour

Twenty to eleven

Midday

just after four

an hour later

Seven
O’clock sharp

Write the story of what Margaret does at the above times
At seven o’clock Margaret wakes up and stretches herself
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Adding -ing
I jump
I help

I am jumping.
I am helping

I come
I write

29

I am coming
I am writing.

Notice that verbs ending in e drop the e when ing is added. Now complete each of these
sentences:
1. I recite.

Doris is __________________________________________________
reciting

2. I hope.

Jane is ___________________________________________________

3. I take.

Tom is ___________________________________________________

4. I bathe.

June is __________________________________________________

5. I ride.

Ben is____________________________________________________

6. I whistle.

Ted is____________________________________________________

7. I walk.

Eve is ___________________________________________________

8. I joke.

Diane is__________________________________________________

Complete each of these sentences with a verb ending in ing, formed from one of these
verbs:
shake
bake

come
ride

bathe
write

drive
weave

writing
9. Helen is ______________________________
a letter on her new notepaper.
10. When is Clare ________________________________________ to see us?
11. Robert likes ______________________________________ his new bicycle.
12. The rascals brought down the apples by ______________________ the tree.
13. Many people in Lancashire earn their living by________________________
14. ________________________________________ in the sea is good for you.
15. Susan is _______________________________________ her first real cake.
16. Mr. Robinson is fond of ___________________________ his new motor car.

The hare and the tortoise

30

The hare jeered at the tortoise. “You have as many legs as I have but you cannot run anything
like as fast as I can, “he boasted.
I must admit that I do not rush as you do,: answered the tortoise quietly. “Yet I will challenge
you to a race.”
“With me?” Shrieked the hare in merry amusement. “You must be mad.”
“And,” went on the tortoise, “our friend the fox will act as umpire to see that the race is run
fairly.”
“Fairly,” snorted the hare. “Do you think I should want to cheat miserable tortoise?”
They lined up by the elm tree, which the fox chose as the winning post. The course lay round
the hill and back to the elm tree.
“Ready, steady, go!” Shouted the fox.
The hare raced a whole mile in a few minutes. Then, feeling sure winning, he lay down under
a cluster of ferns to have a short nap.
The tortoise, not to be discouraged, plodded on. In sunshine and shade, uphill and downhill,
over rough ground and smooth, he stepped his slow steps. “Slow but steady often wins the
race,” he kept saying to himself. A long time afterwards he overtook the hare last asleep under
the ferns.
The hare had overslept. When he eventually awoke he rushed madly onwards, only to find that
the tortoise had already reached the elm tree.

31

Complete these. Find the first four words in the Little Dictionary and write out their
meanings in the last three paragraphs of the story.
1. to jeer: _________________________________________________________________
2. to challenge: _____________________________________________________________
3. an umpire: ______________________________________________________________
4. a cluster: ________________________________________________________________
5. __________________________ travelled steadily but with hard work.
6. ___________________________a short sleep.
7. ____________________________ slept longer than intended.
8. ____________________________ in the end.
Write a complete sentence in answer to each of these questions. Begin each answer
with Yes or No.
9. Did the hare jeer at the tortoise?
Yes, the hare did jeer at the torroise.
_________________________________________________________________________
10. Was the owl asked to be the umpire?
_________________________________________________________________________
11. Did the fox act as the umpire?
_________________________________________________________________________
12. Did the tortoise lie down to sleep?
_________________________________________________________________________
13. Was the hare a plodding animal?
_________________________________________________________________________
14. Did the tortoise lose heart?
_________________________________________________________________________
15. Was the tortoise the winner?
_________________________________________________________________________

32

Sentences

Join the correct verb to each noun to make a short sentence
Nouns

Verbs

1. ships

2. jugs

are opened

Ships are launched.
1. __________________________________

are launched

2. __________________________________

3. windows

are ridden

3. __________________________________

4. eggs

are filled

4. __________________________________

5. apples

are laid

5. __________________________________

6. bicycles

are picked

6. __________________________________

7. aeroplanes

are felled

7. __________________________________

8. trees

are educated

8. __________________________________

9. children

are flown

9. __________________________________

Lengthen each short sentence by adding the proper phase from the list:
under the tap

in the air

in the room

into the sea

in the orchard

at school

in the forest

along the road

in the hen house

Ships are launched into the sea.
10. ______________________________________________________________________
11. _______________________________________________________________________
12. ______________________________________________________________________
13. ______________________________________________________________________
14. ______________________________________________________________________
15. ______________________________________________________________________
16. ______________________________________________________________________
17. ______________________________________________________________________
18. ______________________________________________________________________

Pictures
1.

33

Draw a picture of the seaside with
children playing in the sand bathing. Perhaps there is a boat out at
sea.

Then write about half a dozen sentences explaining what is happening in your picture.

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
2.

Draw a picture of a keeper feeding
the sea-lions at the zoo.

Then write about half a dozen sentences explaining what is happening in your picture.

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

34.

Question and answer

Here are two questions about the first picture. Write the answer to the second one. Then write
down two questions about each of the other pictures and give your own answers.
1. Is this a biplane or a monoplane?

It is a monoplane.
_________________________________________________________________________
2. How many engines has it?
_________________________________________________________________________
3.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Joining sentences

35

Mary sat by the fire. Mary warmed her feet.
Let us try to join these two sentence by and. Because it is Mary doing the action in both sentences there is no need to repeat Mary. So the two sentence make this single sentence:
Mary sat by the fire and warmed her feet.
In the same way make one sentence of each these pairs:
1. Frank sat by the fire. Frank warmed his hands.
_________________________________________________________________________
2. Louise slipped. Louise fell down.
_________________________________________________________________________
3. Mr. Green came home. Mr. Green had dinner.
_________________________________________________________________________
4. Jack looked left and right. He then crossed the road.
_________________________________________________________________________
Make these ten sentences into five by using and to join each sentence on the left to the correct
one on the right. Leave out the unnecessary words.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

The baker came.
Tony died in.
Mother lit the gas.
The rain fell.
Mary entered the grocer’s.

She bought a pound of sugar.
He left two loaves.
Tony swam to the other end.
She put on the kettle.
The rain made us wet.

The baker came and left two loaves.
5. _______________________________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________________________
9. _______________________________________________________________________

36.

Paragraph

One day a lion lay down under a shady tree to sleep. While he slept a playful mouse ran over
him. This woke up the lion in a rage. He put out his great paw and was just going to kill the
mouse when the little creature begged for mercy. The lion took pity on him and let him go.
The mouse thanked the lion. “I will try to repay your kindness,” said the tiny creature. The lion
merely laughed at this.
Several days passed by. Then, out hunting in the forest, the lion was caught in a trap. In vain
he struggled and roared to get free. But the trap held him fast. The little mouse heard the noise
and ran to help him. At once he began nibbling at the massive ropes with his tiny, sharp teeth.
After much hard work he gnawed through the ropes. At last the lion was free.
Do you notice that the sentences in this story are broken up into two groups? The first group
of sentences tells us how the lion came to spare the life of the mouse. The second group tells
us how the mouse saved the lion’s life in return.

37

A group of sentences all about one thing, or all about one part of a story, is called a paragraph.
All stories of length are divided into paragraphs.
Now answer each of these questions with a complete sentence;
1. How many paragraphs are there in the story about the lion and mouse?
_________________________________________________________________________
2. Write out the first sentence in the second paragraph.
_________________________________________________________________________
3. Which paragraph tells us about the mouse saving the lion’s life?
_________________________________________________________________________
4. Which paragraph describes the lion sparing the mouse’s life?
_________________________________________________________________________
5. Write out the sentence that tells us the lion was trapped.
_________________________________________________________________________
6. Write out the sentence that tells us the lion spared the mouse’s life.
________________________________________________________________________
7. Describe in a complete paragraph of at least three sentences how the mouse set lion free.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

38

Wagtail is the name of the fox terrier puppy
that Bobbie received from his father as a
birthday present. He made an excellent pet
and caused endless amusement. But he had
one fault. He would pull at anything he saw
dangling.
He specially loved to pull at shoe laces and

Wagtail

knitting wool. He would also tug at apron
string and tablecloth corners. Whenever he
saw something dangling he pulled it.

One day he saw a short string dangling from
Bobbie’s pullover that was hanging out to
dry. Up jumped Wagtail and caught hold of it.
He pulled and pulled and pulled. The more
he pulled the longer grew the string. When
Bobbie’s mother came to take in the clothed,
the pull over had disappeared. On the ground
was a great pile of coloured wool.

1. How many paragraphs are there in the story ?
_________________________________________________________________________
2. Which paragraph tells us what Bobbie’s mother discovered?
_________________________________________________________________________
3. Which paragraph tells us about Wagtail’s one fault?
_________________________________________________________________________
4. What was Wagtail most fond of pulling?
_________________________________________________________________________
Now ask three questions about any part of the story and answer them yourself.
5. _______________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Riddles

39

Can you write your own riddles? The first has been done for you. Complete the others.
Remember to use full sentences.
Now answer each of these questions with a complete sentence;
My colour is yellow and I am very sour. I grow on trees in
1.________________________________________________________________________
warm countries. People eat me with pancakes. What am i?
__________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________(I am a lemon.)
2.________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________(I am a dog.)
3.________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________(I am a duck.)
4.________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________(I am a book.)
5.________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________(I am grass.)
6.________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________(I am snow.)

40

Wolf! Wolf!

Long ago a boy named William was set to watch over a flock of sleep on the hillside. At the foot
of the hill was a village. William was told to shout for help if ever he saw a wolf approaching.
One day to have some fun the boy cried out with all his might,” Wolf Wolf! The wolf is coming!”
Up from the village rushed all the men, armed with clubs and axes to kill the wolf. Of course
they found no wolf. So they went home again and left William laughing up his sleeve.
Next day, thinking he would have some more fun, William again cried out,” Wolf! Wolf!” Again
up rushed some men from the village. But there were not so many as before. Once more they
saw no trace of a wolf, and returned to the village shaking their heads.
On the third day William repeated his cry. Only one man came running up this time. All the others had seen through the boy’s little trick.
On the fourth day a wolf really did come. William cried out in dismay, “Wolf! Wolf! Help!” But
not a single man came to his rescue.
The wolf broke into the flock and killed a great many sheep. Among them was a lovely lamb
which William treasured as his own.

1. How many paragraphs are there in the story ?

41.

_________________________________________________________________________
2. Write out the last sentence in the sixth paragraph.
_________________________________________________________________________
3. Which paragraph tells us about the damage done by the wolf?
_________________________________________________________________________
4. Which paragraph tells us what happened on the third day?
_________________________________________________________________________
5. Write out the sentence that tells how all the men came to the rescue.
_________________________________________________________________________
6. Which sentence tells that a wolf actually came?
_________________________________________________________________________
7. How many times altogether did the boy shout for help?
_________________________________________________________________________
8. Why did no men come the last time?
_________________________________________________________________________
9. Write a paragraph of three or four sentences of your own, telling all that happened on the
third day. Or, if you prefer, imagine you are William and write a paragraph telling what happened to you on the last day.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

42

The invitation

31 East street

Newtown

Surrey

21st June, 1977

Dear Nicholas,

Will you come to tea on Saturday at
four o’clock? Ido hope so. Mummy says we may
have strawberries for tea. She grows them
in the garden. After tea i want to show you my
new cricket bat.

Your friend,

Tony.

1. Who wrote this letter of invitation?
__________________________________________________________________________
2. To whom did he write it?
__________________________________________________________________________
3. On what date did he write it?
__________________________________________________________________________
4. In what town does the writer live?
__________________________________________________________________________
5. If Nicholas accepts, on what day will he visit his friend?
__________________________________________________________________________
6. Who will be the guest on Saturday?
__________________________________________________________________________
7. Write out your own address in the same way as Tony wrote his.
_______________________________
_________________________
____________________

The reply
This is how tony addressed his envelope
to Nicholas. Now address the envelope
shape below to Tony. His surname is. Simonds.
Then imagine you are Nicholas and write
his reply next day to Tony. Tell him you are
pleased to accept his invitation and are
looking forward to seeing him.

43

Nicholas Jenkins,

15 West Road,

OLDTOWN,

Surrey.

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

44







Rhymes
Robin the Bobbin, whose surname was Ben,
Ate more meat than fourscore men:
He ate a cow, he ate a calf,
He ate a butcher and a half,
He ate a church, he ate a steeple,
He ate the priest and all the people.
Robin the Bobbin, whose surname was ben,
Ate them all up, and then started again.

1. What was Robin’s surname?
_________________________________________________________________________
2. What did he do when he had eaten everything up?
_________________________________________________________________________
3. What were all the things Robin ate?
_________________________________________________________________________
4. Which line rhymes with the third line?
_________________________________________________________________________
5. Why do we say that Ben and men rhyme?
_________________________________________________________________________
Match the words in each of these lists with the ones below, to make pairs of rhymes.
6. blame, steeple, time, Ben, calf, Robin
7. cuff, near, roar, buy, line, you
8. flew, roast, dough, flower, boys, floor
6. Calf
_______________half 7. ____________________deer 8. __________________most
_________________men

_____________________high

___________________sew

_______________Bobbin

____________________store

__________________hour

_______________people

_____________________mine

__________________noise

______________rhyme

______________________too

_______________same

_____________________rough

__________________more
__________________queue

Test yourself

45

Write out these sentences properly. Use one full stop, one question mark, five commas and capital letters.
1. susan alice margaret and ann are all girls’ names
_________________________________________________________________________
2. what are ants bees wasps beetles and earwigs
_________________________________________________________________________
Complete each sentence with a single word
3. Peas, carrots, beans, tomatoes and onions are all
_________________________________________________________________________
4. When we add ing to ‘hope’ we get
_________________________________________________________________________
5. A short ____________________________ is called a nap.
6. A ______________________________ is a group of sentences all about one thing.
7. Words that describe nouns are called
_________________________________________________________________________
8. My father’s brother is my__________________________________________
Answer each question with a complete sentence:
9. How many pennies are there in a pound?
_________________________________________________________________________
10. What word rhymes with ‘more’?
_________________________________________________________________________
11. In what way are green and red alike?
_________________________________________________________________________
Make each pair of sentences into one by using and.
12. Mother went shopping. She bought a new saucepan.
_________________________________________________________________________
13. The snow fell. The snow made everything white.
_________________________________________________________________________

46

The little dictionary

accompany, to go along with
ancient, not modern, old
answers, the opposite of questions; replies
appeared, came into sight

help, to assist
hindered, the opposite of helper, to hamper
hour, sixty minutes

beautiful, lovely
begin, the opposite of finish; to start
bloom, to put forth flowers
bottom, the opposite of top; lowest place

imprison, to put in prison
improving, getting better
insects, ants, bees, etc
jeer, the opposite of fat; thin

broad, not narrow; wide
lean, the opposite of fat; thin

lose, the opposite of to find; to misplace
captive, the opposite of free; confined
cat, an animal that purrs
challenge, to invite someone to a
March, the third month

contest
march, to walk in order as soldiers do
cities, important towns
meat, pork, mutton, etc.
cluster, a group of the same things
minutes, each lasts sixty seconds

growing together
monkey, an animal that swings by its
corn wheat, oats, etc
tail
cow, animal that gives milk
motorist, a person who drives a car
cruelty, the opposite of kindness;
mounted, climbed

unkindness
mute, half horse, half donkey
cyclist, a person who rides a bike

nap, a short sleep
daisy, the singular of daisies
narrow, not wide; of little width
danger, the opposite of safety; peril
dawn, the sunrise

obey, to do as is told

decrease, the opposite of to increase;
occupations, farming, mining. etc;

to lessen
careers
descend, climbed down
overslept, slept longer than intended
despise, to look down with scorn on
dirty, not clean; grubby
pianist, a person who plays the piano.
disappear, to go out of sight
pig, an animal that is made into bacon
disbelieved, did not believe
plaything, a toy
disobey, not to do as one is told
plodded, travelled steadily but with
dog, an animal that barks
hard work
draper, a person who sells linen and
plumber, a person who mends taps and

other cloth goods
pipes
dwarfs, the opposite of giants
plural, not singular; more than one

postman, a man who delivers letters
early, the opposite of late
presently, soon
elephant, an animal with a trunk
empty, the opposite of full; containing
quiet, not noisy; making little noise

nothing
enemies, the opposite of friends
rapid, not slow; swift
eventually, in the end

sank, the opposite of floated
fetched, obtained
search, hunted
foolish, not wise; silly
second, there are sixty in a minute
fruit, oranges, apples, etc.
secure, safe.

sheep, an animal that gives wool
games, cricket, football, etc.
shorten, the opposite of to lengthen
giraffe, an animal with a long neck
sour, the opposite of sweet; bitter
goat, an animal that butts
sprawl, to stretch one’s body carelessly

squirrel an animal with a bushy tail
hairdresser, a person who cuts hair
strength, noun formed from strong
hands, pointers, on clocks
summer, the season following spring
heavy, not light; of great weight
sunset, the opposite of sunrise

think, to believe
Thursday, the before friday
time, the clock tells it
tortoise, an animal that sleeps in winter
tracks, marks
trout, a fish
truth, the opposite of falsehood

47

valleys, the opposite of hills
vegetables, cabbage, peas, etc.
victories, the opposite of defeats
villains, the opposite of heroes;
rogues

waddle, to walk like a duck
watch, a tiny clock worn on the
wrist

umpire a person who judges a contest

whispered, the opposite of
shouted; spoke quietly
uncle, one’s father or mother’s brother
unloosened, the opposite of fastened;
wide, broad
undid

yacht, a sailing boat

young, only a few years old

My own word list

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Other books by the same author

Write in English Books 1-8:

A new style of English Workbook providing a carefully
graded course on understanding, using and writing
English,

English Workbooks for the Caribbean Books 1 - 8:
a workbook course specially wntten for primary schools in the
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Structural English Workbooks Books 1 -8 a carefully
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Better English Introductory Book and Books 1 - 5: a complete
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All rights reserved.
It is a violation of copyright to reproduce any part of
these workbooks by hectograph or any other means.
© Ronald Ridout 1951
Redesigned 1978, Thirty-third impression 1981
This edition 2005
ISBN 0 602 22390 3
Printed by Sunlitho Ltd for
Nzomo Educational Supplies Ltd.
This reprint has been authorised by

Ginn and company U.K for sale in Kenya only
and not for export therefrom.

.