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LCD , LED

AND
PLASMA TV

INTRODUCTION

Television (TV) is a telecommunication


medium for transmitting and receiving moving
images that can be monochrome (Black and
White) or colored, with or without
accompanying sound.

The word Tele is a Greek word meaning


Distant and Vision meaning Sight.

The components used in old TV's are


essentially very similar to the components used
in modern TV's; that is, they perform the same
function as their modern counterparts. Where
they differ greatly however, is in their size.

There are different types of TV depending upon the display device


used.

Display

Device

A display device is an output device for presentation of


information in visual form. When the input information is supplied as
an electrical signal, the display is called an electronic display.

Types

of Display Devices

1.

Cathode Ray Tube

2.

Flat - Panel Display

Flow chart

CATHODE RAY TUBE


The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube containing an
electron gun
(a source of electrons) and a fluorescent screen, with internal or
external means to accelerate and deflect the electron beam, used to
create images in the form of light emitted from the fluorescent screen.

FLAT PANEL DISPLAY

Flat panel displays (sometimes referred to as flatscreens, which


more technically mean screens with fully flat front surfaces)
encompass a growing number of electronic visual display
technologies.

They are far lighter and thinner than traditional television sets and
video displays that use cathode ray tubes (CRTs), and are usually
less than 10 centimetres (3.9 in) thick.

Types of Flat panel Displays


Emissive

display devices

Plasma panels

Electroluminescent displays

Non

emissive display devices

LCD

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY(LCD)

Liquid-crystal display televisions (LCD TV) are color television


sets that use LCD technology to produce images

Produces colored image by selecting filtering a white light

Thinner and lighter than CRTs of similar display size

The concept of LCD was 1st brought up by Philips

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Liquid Crystal a stable phase of matter characterized by


anisotropic properties without the existence of a 3-dimensional
crystal lattice generally lying between the solid and isotropic
(liquid) phase.

ISOTROPIC
(Liquids and gases)

ANISOTROPIC
(Liquid Crystals
have orientational order)

LIQUID CRYSTAL MODEL

Unique Properties of Liquid


Crystals
The orientation of Liquid Crystals can be affected by

Pressure

Temperature

Electrical Field

LCD Preparation

Checking the ITO Glass

Rubbing the PVA to create

Removing the PVA

an alignment layer

at one edge

Placing the Saran

Applying the

Placing the

Wrap Spacers

Liquid Crystal

Polarizers at 90

Cross-sectional view

LCD Technology
Electrical-field
NOT Applied
Light IS transmitted

Electrical-field
IS Applied
Light NOT
transmitted

LCD PIXEL

PROPERTIES OF LCD DISPLAY

Light weight (typ. 1/5 of CRT)

power consumption (typ. 1/4 of CRT)

No electromagnetic emission

Large screens (>20 inch) on desktops


Completely flat screen - no geometrical errors

Crisp pictures - digital and uniform colors

Fully digital signal processing possible

Low luminance (typ. 200 cd/m2)

Led-Tvs
LED-backlit LCD display
is a flat panel display that uses
LED backlighting instead of the
cold cathode (CCFL) backlighting
used in other LCD displays.

While not an LED display,


televisions using this display are
called "LED TV" by some
manufacturers and suppliers.
The use of LED backlighting
allows for a thinner panel, lower
power consumption, better heat
dissipation, a brighter display,
An

Difference between LCD


and LED
Produce
With

images with greater dynamic contrast;

edge-LED lighting can be extremely slim, some


screens less than half an inch (0.92cm) thick.
Offer a wider color gamut when RGB-LED
backlighting is used.
Produce less environmental pollution on disposal;
Are more expensive;
Have typically 20 to 30% lower power consumption;
Are more reliable.
Can allow a wider dimming range.

PLASMA TV

Plasma display screens are made from glass, which reflects more light than the
material used to make an LCD screen.

A plasma display panel (PDP) is a type of flat panel display common to large TV
displays 30 inches (76 cm) or larger.

They are called "plasma" displays because the technology utilizes small cells
containing electrically charged ionized gases

Capable of producing deeper blacks allowing for superior contrast ratio

PLASMA
o

Plasma is a state of matter similar to gas


in which a certain portion of the particles
are ionized.

Heating a gas may ionize its molecules or


atoms (reduce or increase the number of
electrons in them), thus turning it into a
plasma, which contains charged particles:
positive ions and negative electrons or
ions.

In the universe, plasma is the most


common state of matter. Some common
plasmas are stars and neon signs.

PLASMA LAMP

PLASMA DISPLAY
PANELS

Cross-sectional view

FUTURE TECHNOLOGY OF TV
OLED (Organic light emitting diode)
Sony introduced this
technology in 2008

It doesnt required backlighting

Allow less power consumption

Screen are so thin and so


flexible that one can roll them
up like a carpet

We will have OLED based TV


in our living room around 2015

SURFACE CONDUCTION ELECTRON (SED)

Better quality
picture.

Power efficient.

Long lasting

Canon the originator


of SED

LASER TV
The laser technology claims
that the technology will
allow displays with a richer,
more vibrant colour palette
than the conventional plasma,
LCD or CRT displays

They also claim the displays


will:

be half the weight and cost of


plasma displays

require around 25% of the


power required by Plasma
displays

be very thin like plasma and


LCD displays are today

3D TV
It creates an ability to present viewer with
two slightly different images

One for the left eye and one for the right eye

Auto-stereoscopic display is being used

HALOGRAPHIC TV
Image project outward from TV as they appear to
float in
mid-air.

One could walk around a specific object and look


it from behind or can put himself in middle of the
action.

References :

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(physics)

www.howstuffworks.com ... Television TV Technology

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LED-backlit_LCD_display

www.slideshare.net/Firedemon13/plasma-8164874 United States

THANK YOU!