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Circular Hollow Section Interaction Diagram to AS4100-1990


Design Pile size:

Outside diameter, Do =
Wall thickness, T =
Corrosion allowance, c =
Design outside diameter, do =
Design wall thickness, t =
Design inside diameter, di =

508
10
3
502
7
488

Yield strength, fy =
Tensile strength, fu =
Young's Modulus, E =
Shear Modulus, G =

350
430
200000
80000

Material Properties:

Gross Section Properties:

Gross sectional area, Ag =


Gross moment of inertia, Ig = (do^4 - di^4)/64 =
Gross torsional constant, Jg = (do^4 - di^4)/32 =
Elastic section modulus, Zg = 2Ig/do =
Plastic section modulus, Sg = (do^3 - di^3)/6 =
Radius of gyration, Rg = (Ig/Ag)^0.5 =
Mass per unit length, w = Ag*7850 =

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Gross
Corroded
15645
10886 mm^2
485202461 333472760 mm^4
970404921 666945520 mm^4
1910246
1328577 mm^3
2480373
1715289 mm^3
176.1
175.0 mm
123
85 kg/m

Design Loads and Member Capacities Summary


Design bending moment, M* (kNm) =
Coexisting design axial force, N* (kN) =
Coexisting design shear force, V* (kN) =
Maximum member moment capacity, Mb(kNm) =
Maximum member axial force capacity, Nb(kN) =
Maximum member shear capacity, Vv(kN) =

1
0
3534
500
0
2923
1234

2
100
2923
500
67
2923
1234

3
100
0
500
453
0
1234

4
100
-575
500
377
-575
1234

67

453

377

-575

Axial Force - Bending Moment Interaction Diagram


2923

4000

2923

3000

Axial Force, N* (kN)

2000
1000
0
-1000
-2000
-3000
-4000
600

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

Bending Moment, M* (kNm)

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

500

00

-2000
-3000
Page 2 of 8
-4000
0

600

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

Bending Moment, M* (kNm)


1. Bending
Section slenderness [5.2.2]:
Section slenderness, s = (do/t)(fy/250) =
Plasticity limit [Table 5.2], sp = ep =
Yield limit [Table 5.2], sy = ey =

1
100.4
50
120

2
100.4
50
120

3
100.4
50
120

4
100.4
50
120

Section moment capacity, Ms [5.2.1]:


Compact section [5.2.3]: s <= sp,
Non-compaction section [5.2.4]: sp < s <= sy,
Slender sections [5.2.5]:

Ze = lesser of S or 1.5Z
Ze = Z + [(sy-s)/(sy-sp)(Zc-Z)]
Ze = lesser of Z(sy/s)^0.5 or Z(2sy/s)^2
1
2
3
4
Effective section modulus, Ze(mm^3) =
1436856
1436856
1436856
1436856
453
453
453
453
Section moment capacity, Ms(kNm) = fyZe =
Design bending moment, M*(kNm) =
0
100
100
100

Effective length, Le [5.6.3] and reference buckling moment, Mo = Moa [5.6.1.1]:


1
2
Twist restraint factor [Table 5.6.3(1)], kt =
1.00
1.00
Load height factor [Table 5.6.3(2)], kl =
1.00
1.00
Lateral rotation restraint factor [Table 5.6.3(3)], kr =
1.00
1.00
Segment length, L(mm) =
6000
6000
Effective length, Le(mm) = kt*kl*kr*L =
6000
6000
31234
31234
Mo(kNm) = Moa = {(^2EIy/Le^2)(GJ)}^0.5 =
Member moment capacity, Mb [5.6.1]:
Moment modification factor, m =
=
=
where
Mm* =
M2*,M3*,M4* =

3
1.00
1.00
1.00
6000
6000
31234

4
1.00
1.00
1.00
6000
6000
31234

1; or
a value obtained from Table 5.6.1; or
1.7Mm*/(M2*^2+M3*^2+M4*^2)^0.5 <= 2.5
maximum design moment in the segment
design moments at quarter points of the segment

Slenderness reduction factor,s = 0.6{[(Ms/Moa)^2+3]^0.5-Ms/Moa}


Member moment capacity, Mb = msMs <= Ms
1
2
1.00
1.00
Moment modification factor, m =
1.03
1.03
Slenderness reduction factor, s =
453
453
0.6{[(Ms/Moa)^2+3]^0.5-Ms/Moa}
Member
moment capacity, Mb(kNm) =
Design bending moment, M*(kNm) =
0
50

3
1.00
1.03
453
50

4
1.00
1.03
453
50

2
10886
350
1234
500

3
10886
350
1234
500

4
10886
350
1234
500

2
453
339
100
1234
500

3
453
339
100
1234
500

4
453
339
100
1234
500

2. Shear
Shear yield capacity, Vw [5.11.4]:
Effective sectional area, Ae(mm^2) =
Yield strength, fy(MPa) =
Shear yield capacity, Vw(kN) = 0.36fyAe =
Design shear force, V*(kN) =

1
10886
350
1234
500

Shear and bending interaction [5.12.3]:


For M* <= 0.75Mb,
For 0.75Mb < M* <= Mb,
For circular hollow section,

Vvm = Vv

Vvm = Vv[2.2-1.6M*/Mb)]
Vv = Vw [5.11.3]
1
453
Mb(kNm) =
339
0.75Mb(kNm) =
M*(kNm) =
0
1234
Shear capacity, Vvm(kN) = Vw =
Design shear force, V*(kN) =
500

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

500

Page 3 of 8

3. Axial Compression
Element slenderness, e [6.2.3]:
Element slenderness, e = (do/T)(fy/250) =
Yield slenderness limit [Table 6.2.4], ey =

1
100.4
82

2
100.4
82

3
100.4
82

Section axial compression capacity, Ns [6.2.1]:


Effective outside diameter [6.2.4], de = the lesser of [do(ey/e)^0.5 <= do] and [do(3ey/e)^2]
1
2
3
Effective outside diameter, de(mm) =
454
454
454
9823
9823
9823
Effective sectional area, Ae(mm^2) = de^2-di^2)/4 =
Form factor [6.2.2], kf = Ae/Ag =
0.90
0.90
0.90
Net sectional area [6.2.1], An(mm^2) =
10886
10886
10886
3094
3094
3094
Section capacity, Ns(kN) = kfAnfy =

Effective length, Le (6.3.2):


Effective length factor [4.6.3], ke =
Segment length, L(mm) =
Effective length, Le(mm) = keL =

1
1.00
6000
6000

2
1.00
6000
6000

3
1.00
6000
6000

Member axial compression capacity, Nb (6.3.3):


Form factor [6.2.2], kf =

1
0.90
-0.5
38.530
17.848
29.606
0.053
5.363
0.945
2923

2
0.90
-0.5
38.530
17.848
29.606
0.053
5.363
0.945
2923

3
0.90
-0.5
38.530
17.848
29.606
0.053
5.363
0.945
2923

1
-64
0
3534

2
25
100
2923

3
453
100
0

1
6000
1.00
6000
-0.5
38.5
0.945
2923
-95

2
6000
1.00
6000
-0.5
38.5
0.945
2923
0

3
6000
1.00
6000
-0.5
38.5
0.945
2923
453

2
-3429
1.00
10886
-3581
-3429

4
-3429
1.00
10886
-3581
-3429

2
67
100
2923

4
377
100
-575

Member section constant [Table 6.3.3(1) or (2)], b =


Member slenderness, n = (Le/r)[kf(fy/250)]^0.5 =
a = 2100(n-13.5)/(n^2-15.3n+2050) =
= n + ab =
= 0.00326( - 13.5) >= 0 =
= [(/90)^2+1+]/[2(/90)^2] =
c = [1-(90/)^2]^0.5} =
Member capacity, Nc(kN) = cNs <= Ns =
4. Combined Bending and Axial Compression
Section capacity [8.3]:
Section moment capacity, Mr = Ms(1-N*/Ns) =
Design bending moment, M*(kNm) =
Coexisting axial compression, N*(kN) =
Member capacity [8.4]:
Segment length, L(mm) =
Effective length factor [4.6.3], ke =
Effective length , Le(mm) = keL =
Member section constant, b =
Member slenderness, n = (Le/r)[kf(fy/250)]^0.5 =
Slenderness reduction factor [Table 6.3.3(3)], c =
Member axial capacity, Nc(kN) = cNs <= Ns =
Member moment capacity, Mi = Ms(1-N*/Nc) =
5. Axial Tension
Section axial tension capacity, Nt [7.2]:

Agfy =
Force distribution correction factor, kt =
Net sectional area, An(mm^2) =

0.85ktAnfu =
Nt = lesser of Agfy and 0.85ktAnfu =
6. Combined Bending and Axial Tension
Section capacity [8.3]:
Section moment capacity, Mr = Ms(1-N*/Ns) =
Design bending moment, M*(kNm) =
Coexisting axial tension, N*(kN) =

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

Page 4 of 8

w Section Interaction Diagram to AS4100-1990


Do
T
c
do
t
di
fy
fu
E
G

Ag
Ig
Jg
Zg
Sg
Rg
w

5
0
-3592
500
0
-3429
1234
0

orce - Bending Moment Interaction Diagram


-3429

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

Bending Moment, M* (kNm)

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

Page 5 of 8
150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

Bending Moment, M* (kNm)


5
100.4
50
120

5
1436856
453
0

5
1.00
1.00
1.00
6000
6000
31234

5
1.00
1.03
453
50

5
10886
350
1234
500

5
453
339
0
1234
500

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

Page 6 of 8

5
-3429
1.00
10886
-3581
-3429

5
-22
0
-3592

271101555.xls

Halpern Glick Maunsell

05/22/2015

Axial Force - Bending Moment Interaction Diagram


508 * 10 Gr 350 Circular Hollow Section (Length = 6m, ke =1)
6000

4000

Axial Force, N* (kN)

2000

-2000

-4000

-6000
0

100

200

300
400
0.0mm Corrosion

500
2.0mm Corrosion

600
1.0mm Corrosion

700

800
3.0mm Corrosion

Second Order Bending Moment, M* (kNm)


Halpern Glick Maunsell

271101555.xls,05/22/2015

Halpern Glick Maunsell

271101555.xls,05/22/2015