EDEXCEL

Chemistry

Practical resources

Statement on practical resources

Statement on practical resources
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All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may
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© Pearson Education Ltd 2015
This document may have been altered from the original

1

Pour a 25. 4. Add four drops of methyl orange indicator to the conical flask. 4b ● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level. 3. Transfer the solution. Dissolve an accurately known mass of approximately 3 2. 5. ● Practical techniques 1. 11 ● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested. 6. ● 2. Prepare your apparatus for the titration. Continue to conduct titrations until you have two concordant titres. 3 Mass of sulfamic acid = Rough Trial 1 g Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Final burette 3 reading/cm Initial burette 3 reading/cm Titre/cm 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances.0 cm aliquot of sodium hydroxide solution of 3 unknown concentration into the 250 cm conical flask. into a 3 250 cm volumetric flask and make the solution up to the mark with deionised water. Burette readings should be 3 to the nearest 0. including the washings. 3a. 2b.05 cm . 4. Procedure Notes on procedure 1. 7. 2a.5 g of sulfamic acid in approximately 100 cm of water in a beaker. 6. Titrate the contents of the flask against the sulfamic acid solution you prepared. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 . 5. The burette will contain the acid and the conical flask will contain the sodium hydroxide solution. ● CPAC 1a.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Teacher sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety Specification links ● Wear eye protection. 4a. Record your results in a table similar to the following: The students will need instructions on how to prepare glassware for a titration and how to make up a standard solution. 3b.

6 × 100 = 0. 0.90 Initial burette 3 reading/cm 0. 5. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 2 .24% 250 2.00 41. Water left in pipette will dilute the sodium hydroxide solution. 4.41 g Rough Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Final burette 3 reading/cm 21.00 0.85 Titre/cm 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances.05 20. 0. The water will not change the number of moles of sodium hydroxide – its volume is measured before it is put into the flask. changing the number of moles used. Phenolphthalein.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Teacher sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Answers to questions 1.25 21.05× 2 × 100 titre selected 3.85 40.50 20. it changes from pink to colourless Sample data Mass of sulfamic acid = 2.

● Change the subject of an equation. <. Equipment ● burette clamp and stand ● solid sulfamic acid ● sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration ● methyl orange indicator ● 250 cm conical flask ● 25 cm volumetric pipette plus safety filler ● 100 cm beaker for transfer of solutions ● funnel for filling burette ● 250 cm beaker ● 250 cm volumetric flask 3 3 3 3 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. >. ● Recognise and use expressions in decimal and ordinary form. ~ and ⇌. using appropriate units for physical quantities. <<. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 .EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Student sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety ● Wear eye protection. ● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level. ● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested. >>. ● Substitute numerical values into algebraic equations. ● Use an appropriate number of significant figures. All the maths you need ● Recognise and make use of appropriate units in calculations. ● Find arithmetic means. ● Understand and use the symbols: =.

Why is there no need to dry the conical flask after washing it out between trials? 5.0 cm aliquot of sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration into the 3 250 cm conical flask. One mole of sulfamic acid will react exactly with one mole of sodium hydroxide. into a 250 cm volumetric flask and make the solution up to the mark with deionised water. Calculate the mean titre using your concordant results. Transfer the solution. ● While conducting a titration remember to wash down the inside of the conical flask with distilled water from time to time. Calculate the concentration of your sulfamic acid solution. Identify another indicator that could be used in this titration and state the colour change that would be seen at the end point. Calculate the concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution used. Dissolve an accurately known mass of approximately 2. 3.5 g of sulfamic acid in approximately 3 100 cm of water in a beaker.05 cm3. Prepare your apparatus for the titration. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 2 .EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Student sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Procedure 1. Titrate the contents of the flask against the sulfamic acid solution you have prepared. Burette 3 readings should be recorded to the nearest 0. 3. 5. Calculate the number of moles of sulfamic acid in your mean titre. use this equation: number of moles in full volume = full volume volume in which you know the number of moles Questions 1. 6. Each burette reading is accurate to +/– 0. including the washings. A 250 cm3 volumetric flask has an accuracy of +/– 0. Learning tips ● Indicators are very dilute weak acids. All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances.6 cm3. 4. Why should the pipette be rinsed with the sodium hydroxide solution after washing it with water? 4. The Mr of sulfamic acid is 97. 2. Calculate the percentage uncertainty in the volume of the sulfamic acid solution in the volumetric flask. Record your results in a table similar to the following: 3 3 Mass of sulfamic acid = g Rough Trial 1 Final burette reading/cm Trial 3 Trial 4 3 Initial burette reading/cm Titre/cm Trial 2 3 3 Analysis of results 1. The more you add the less accurate your titration result will be. 2. Add four drops of methyl orange indicator to the conical flask. The burette will contain the acid solution and the conical flask will contain the sodium hydroxide solution. ● If you need to scale up to find the number of moles in the full volume of solution in the volumetric flask. Sulfamic acid is a monoprotic acid. Continue to conduct titrations until you have two concordant titres. 5. 2. Calculate the percentage uncertainty in one of your titres.1.05 cm . 4. 3. 7. Pour a 25.

● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Technician sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety ● Wear eye protection.08 mol dm per student 3 –3 sodium hydroxide solution methyl orange indicator 3 250 cm conical flask 3 25 cm volumetric pipette plus safety filler 3 100 cm beakers for transfer of solutions funnel for filling burette 3 250 cm beaker 3 250 cm volumetric flask Notes All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. Equipment per student/group Notes on equipment burette clamp and stand solid sulfamic acid Approximately 0.4 g per student sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration 200 cm of 0. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 . ● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level.

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