EDEXCEL

Chemistry

Practical resources

Statement on practical resources

Statement on practical resources
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All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may
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© Pearson Education Ltd 2015
This document may have been altered from the original

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including the washings. Transfer the solution. Procedure Notes on procedure 1. 2b. 3 Mass of sulfamic acid = Rough Trial 1 g Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Final burette 3 reading/cm Initial burette 3 reading/cm Titre/cm 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. Dissolve an accurately known mass of approximately 3 2. 4. Record your results in a table similar to the following: The students will need instructions on how to prepare glassware for a titration and how to make up a standard solution. Burette readings should be 3 to the nearest 0. 6. 3b. 4a. Prepare your apparatus for the titration. Titrate the contents of the flask against the sulfamic acid solution you prepared. 11 ● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested.05 cm . © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 . ● 2. 3a. ● Practical techniques 1. into a 3 250 cm volumetric flask and make the solution up to the mark with deionised water. 4. 4b ● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level. 6. ● CPAC 1a. 2a. 5. 7. Pour a 25.0 cm aliquot of sodium hydroxide solution of 3 unknown concentration into the 250 cm conical flask.5 g of sulfamic acid in approximately 100 cm of water in a beaker.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Teacher sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety Specification links ● Wear eye protection. 3. Add four drops of methyl orange indicator to the conical flask. 5. The burette will contain the acid and the conical flask will contain the sodium hydroxide solution. Continue to conduct titrations until you have two concordant titres.

© Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 2 .05× 2 × 100 titre selected 3.24% 250 2.25 21.6 × 100 = 0. 5.41 g Rough Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Final burette 3 reading/cm 21. 4.50 20. it changes from pink to colourless Sample data Mass of sulfamic acid = 2.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Teacher sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Answers to questions 1.90 Initial burette 3 reading/cm 0.85 40.00 0.85 Titre/cm 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. changing the number of moles used.00 41. The water will not change the number of moles of sodium hydroxide – its volume is measured before it is put into the flask. Phenolphthalein.05 20. Water left in pipette will dilute the sodium hydroxide solution. 0. 0.

<. ● Substitute numerical values into algebraic equations. >. ● Understand and use the symbols: =. ● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested. ● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 .EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Student sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety ● Wear eye protection. <<. ● Use an appropriate number of significant figures. ~ and ⇌. Equipment ● burette clamp and stand ● solid sulfamic acid ● sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration ● methyl orange indicator ● 250 cm conical flask ● 25 cm volumetric pipette plus safety filler ● 100 cm beaker for transfer of solutions ● funnel for filling burette ● 250 cm beaker ● 250 cm volumetric flask 3 3 3 3 3 All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. ● Recognise and use expressions in decimal and ordinary form. ● Find arithmetic means. using appropriate units for physical quantities. All the maths you need ● Recognise and make use of appropriate units in calculations. >>. ● Change the subject of an equation.

4. 3. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 2 . 7.6 cm3. 3. A 250 cm3 volumetric flask has an accuracy of +/– 0.05 cm3. Record your results in a table similar to the following: 3 3 Mass of sulfamic acid = g Rough Trial 1 Final burette reading/cm Trial 3 Trial 4 3 Initial burette reading/cm Titre/cm Trial 2 3 3 Analysis of results 1. The Mr of sulfamic acid is 97. Dissolve an accurately known mass of approximately 2. Prepare your apparatus for the titration. Identify another indicator that could be used in this titration and state the colour change that would be seen at the end point. Continue to conduct titrations until you have two concordant titres. Calculate the concentration of your sulfamic acid solution. 4. The burette will contain the acid solution and the conical flask will contain the sodium hydroxide solution.1. Calculate the concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution used. Burette 3 readings should be recorded to the nearest 0. Calculate the mean titre using your concordant results. 6. Transfer the solution. Why should the pipette be rinsed with the sodium hydroxide solution after washing it with water? 4.EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Student sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Procedure 1. Sulfamic acid is a monoprotic acid. Calculate the percentage uncertainty in the volume of the sulfamic acid solution in the volumetric flask. Titrate the contents of the flask against the sulfamic acid solution you have prepared. All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances. 5. 3. ● If you need to scale up to find the number of moles in the full volume of solution in the volumetric flask. including the washings. 2.0 cm aliquot of sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration into the 3 250 cm conical flask. Calculate the number of moles of sulfamic acid in your mean titre. Why is there no need to dry the conical flask after washing it out between trials? 5. use this equation: number of moles in full volume = full volume volume in which you know the number of moles Questions 1.5 g of sulfamic acid in approximately 3 100 cm of water in a beaker. One mole of sulfamic acid will react exactly with one mole of sodium hydroxide. Add four drops of methyl orange indicator to the conical flask. The more you add the less accurate your titration result will be.05 cm . into a 250 cm volumetric flask and make the solution up to the mark with deionised water. Learning tips ● Indicators are very dilute weak acids. 5. Pour a 25. 2. ● While conducting a titration remember to wash down the inside of the conical flask with distilled water from time to time. 2. Calculate the percentage uncertainty in one of your titres. Each burette reading is accurate to +/– 0.

● Ensure burettes are filled when the top of the burette is below eye level. © Pearson Education Ltd 2015 This document may have been altered from the original 1 .EDEXCEL Chemistry Core practical 2 Technician sheet Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Practical resources Core practical 2: Find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Objective ● To make a solution of a known concentration of acid and use it to find the concentration of a solution of sodium hydroxide Safety ● Wear eye protection. ● Sulfamic acid can be toxic if it is ingested.4 g per student sodium hydroxide solution of unknown concentration 200 cm of 0. Equipment per student/group Notes on equipment burette clamp and stand solid sulfamic acid Approximately 0.08 mol dm per student 3 –3 sodium hydroxide solution methyl orange indicator 3 250 cm conical flask 3 25 cm volumetric pipette plus safety filler 3 100 cm beakers for transfer of solutions funnel for filling burette 3 250 cm beaker 3 250 cm volumetric flask Notes All users will need to review the risk assessment information and may need to adapt it to local circumstances.

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