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ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

IN THE SMART HOME

Ciprian PAUNESCU Lucian TOMA Constantin BULAC Mircea EREMIA


Power Engineering Faculty, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

Home energy management Architecture

The smart home energy management simulator


Parts:

Home controller mini PC


Wireless router
Modul de comand
RC power sockets

Protocols:

TCP/IP : meter - PC
USB : PC- PLC
RF 433 MHz: PLC
consumers (HAN)

Hardware architecture

1 - Home controller: Raspberry PI


2 - PLC: MicroDev D4-USB

3 - Wireless router: TP-link

4 - RC power sockets: Home Easy HE801S

Home controller - Raspberry PI


The Raspberry PI simulator is a programmable board and hosts the simulation and control
software under the Linux platform.
USB port;
Ethernet port;
and optional for home-confort:
HDMI port;
Audio interface.

Specifications

CPU: ARM la 700 MHz


RAM: 512MB
Ethernet interface
Video HDMI port
Stereo audio interface
2 USB V2.0 ports

MicroDev D4-USB PLC command module


This PLC is compliant with all project requirements, i.e.:
LCD display to provide the main parameters (consumption, energy tariff, etc.);
RF-433MHz module (for remote control of the loads, sensors for data acquisitions,
etc.);
Inputs for various local sensors (overvoltages, overloads, floods, etc.);
Outputs for the SSR.
Components:
1. microcontroler
2. USB port
3. digital inputs
4. relays
5. relay outputs
6. LCD port
7. LCD
8. RF 433 MHz module
9. RF antenna module

HAN network - loads


Choosing for the HAN network, 433 MHz frequency we can use the equipments which are
available on the existing market such us RC power socket, wireless temperature sensors which
uses that frequency an can be easily integrated in the system. There are some cases when
these equipments are already installed.
RC Power Socket for loads remote control
These sockets have the address of the area.Formed in
binary on 5 bit and an unique identifier which can take
values from A to E. This way we can make 2^5=32
areas which can give us a total number of 160 sockets.
For a bigger number of RC sockets we can use ZigBee
protocol instead of 433 MHz frequency.

Command signal

Software architecture
Functional modules of the application
Software can be divided in three parts
Home controller :
- SO - Raspbian (Debian GNU/Linux);
- PHP for the main procesing program;
- MySQL pentru salvarea datelor.
PLC:
- MPLAB X IDE bootloader;
- Pinguino IDE main software.

User interface (Laptop,Smartphone,TV)


- HTML;
- CSS;
- JavaScript.

User interface

Laboratory hardware smart home simulator


1. Smart meter;
2. Bipolar fuses, from left to
right: S1, S2, S3 and S4;
3. MicroDev PLC;
4-5. Solid State Relays (SSR) 40 A;
6-7. Regular plugs 1 and 2,
connected to S2 and S3
through SSR1 and SSR2;
8-10. Plugs 3 to 5, connected to
fuses S4, with control on the
addresses 11111A, 11111B,
and 11111C;
11.Load 1, 100W, connected to
plug 1;
12-14. Loads 2 to 4, 60W,
connected to plugs 2, 4 and 5;
15. Plug to supply the router and
the microcontroller to fuse S1;
16. Home controller
17. Wireless router

Simulations
Consumer
Water heater
Electric oven
Air conditioner
Washing machine

Price ON (Lei/kWh)

Price OFF (Lei/kWh)

0.25
0.5
0.3
0.4

0.75
0.7
0.9
0.85

Conclusions
HES will be the future in home metering, management,
billing and energy customer information
Building a hardware HES is quite easy and cheap; it is
expected that the price will lower as the business will
expand
Although no clear legislation was issued so far about
smart metering in homes, HES can be implemented if
compatible hardware is used (capable of
communicating with various protocols)