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Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

1.0 ABS PIPE AND FITTINGS GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS


1.1

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) material from which the pipe and fittings is
made shall be in virgin material and approved by SIRIM.

1.2

The ABS pipe and fittings shall be approved by SPAN and Local Water Authorities
and manufactured from reliable manufacturer AZEETA or equivalent.

1.3

All ABS pipes must be certified by SIRIM Product Certification License and be
suitable for use with potable water which must passed the test of BS 6920: Part 1
2000/ MS 1583: Part 1 - 2003 (Suitability of Non Metallic Product for Use in
Contact with Water Intended for Human Consumption with Regard to Their
Effect on The Quality of The Water).

1.4

Installation shall be in accordance with MS 1419 Part 4:1998 Guides for Installation
of ABS Pipe Systems and the manufacturers recommendations.

1.5

All ABS joints shall be of cold solvent cement welded. The Contractor shall provide
sufficient ABS solvent cement and ABS Primer for all pipe joints under this contract.

1.6

All ABS pipe and fittings shall be manufactured in dark blue/ grey colour and
accordance with Malaysian Standard MS 1419: Part 1:2007 from size range DN 15
(1/2) up to OD 630 (24) and must be branded accordingly.

1.7

All ABS Pipes, Fittings, Solvent Cement and Primer used for jointing must be
manufactured and supplied by same manufacturer to ensure compatibility in
dimensions and qualities otherwise will be rejected.

1.8

Goods supplied which do not comply with the provision of the standard specifications
or which has defects will be rejected and return to the supplier or manufacturer.

1.9

The diameter and classes of ABS pipe and fittings indicated in the drawing should not
be varied without written permission from relevant authorities and Consultant or
authorized site representative.

1.10 The contractor shall ensure all personnel involved with the installation are familiar with
the installation procedures for the ABS piping systems.
1.11 Pipe shall be inserted to full depth of fitting socket. Installed fittings which do not have
pipe inserted to full depth shall be considered below standard and shall be rejected or
rectified at the installers expense.
1.12 ABS pipes manufactured in accordance to MS 1419: Part 1: 2007 adopt a 50 year
design basis and shall conform to the dimensions given in Table 1.0

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


Nominal Size
(DN/OD)
DN 15 ()
DN 20 ()
DN 25 (1)
DN 32 (1 )
DN 40 (1 )
DN 50 (2)
DN 65 (2 )
DN 80 (3)
DN 100 (4)
DN 150 (6)
DN 200 (8)
OD 225 (9)
OD 250 (10)
OD 280 (11)
OD 315 (12)
OD 355 (14)
OD 400 (16)
OD 450 (18)
OD 500 (20)
OD 560 (22)
OD 630 (24)

Mean OD
Minimum Wall Thickness (mm)
(mm)
Class 9
Class 10
Class12
Class 15
21.4
2.0
26.8
2.4
33.6
2.0
2.5
3.0
42.3
2.4
3.1
3.8
48.3
2.7
3.6
4.4
60.4
3.4
4.5
5.5
75.4
4.3
5.6
6.8
88.9
5.0
6.6
8.1
114.3
6.5
8.4
10.4
168.3
9.5
12.4
15.3
219.1
12.4
16.2
19.9
225.3
10.7
12.7
15.7
250.4
11.9
14.2
17.4
280.4
13.3
15.8
19.5
315.5
15.0
17.8
22.0
355.5
16.9
20.1
24.8
400.5
19.1
22.6
27.9
450.5
21.4
25.5
31.4
500.5
23.8
28.3
34.9
560.5
26.7
31.7
39.1
630.6
30.0
35.7
44.0
Table 1.0 Dimensions of ABS Pressure Pipe

2.0 HANDLING AND STORAGE


2.1

ABS pipes and fittings shall not be subjected to rough handling particularly during
loading and unloading operations. Where ropes or chains are employed, pipes shall be
suitably protected against scoring.

2.2

Pipes stacked for transportation shall be continuously and evenly supported to minimize
distortion. Alternatively, horizontal supports of at least 75mm bearing width spaced not
further apart than 1.5m centre to centre shall be placed beneath the pipes.

2.3

If the stacks are rectangular, vertical supports at twice that spacing should be provided
at sides. In such load bearing stacks, maximum free height shall not exceed 3m.

2.4

For long terms storage (more than three months) maximum free height should not
exceed 1.5m. If different classes of pipe are kept in the same stacks, the highest class
shall always be at the bottom.

2.5

Bearing with sharp sections shall be avoided as these can cause indentations in or
scoring of the pipe wall.

2.6

Pipes and fittings shall be protected from elevated temperatures. Uneven heating around
the circumference of pipes may cause differential expansion along their length, which
may result in twisting and bowing

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


2.7

All pipes and fittings must be sheltered from sunlight. Elevated temperature may
soften the pipes and where pipes are stored in stacks, the bottom layers may become
distorted.

2.8

Pipes with end treatment such as socket or pre-assembled fittings shall be stacked or
supported so that the ends are free from loading; if necessary they shall be protected
from damage.

3.0 JOINING METHODS AND PROCEDURE


3.1

The layout of all pipe work shall be checked on site prior to installation and care shall
be taken to ensure a neat and workmanlike appearance of the installation.

3.2

Measure and cut the pipe clean and square. Remove internal and external burr and clean
out swart and file a 2 to 10mm 30 chamfer on the outer edge of the pipe.

3.3

Mark the pipe at a distance back from the end which is equal to the depth of the socket.
This is to allow the installer to identify whether the pipe is pushed fully home into the
fittings.

3.4

Lightly abrade the end the pipe outer surface over the length equal to the socket depth
and the inner surface of the fitting using emery paper.

3.5

Clean the abraded surface with a clean brush or rag moistened with ABS Primer.

3.6

ABS Solvent Cement shall be stirred well before use. Do not thin solvent cement with
ABS Primer or any other solvents.

3.7

Apply the solvent cement as quickly as possible to the abraded surface of the pipe and
fitting, ensure that both surfaces are evenly coated. For sizes DN 100 (4) and above,
two coats will be required on the pipe.

3.8

Immediately after application of the solvent cement push pipe fully home into the
fitting by using the mark on the pipe as a guide. Do not twist fitting or vice versa. If
using a monkey wrench, do not exert additional force once the pipe is pushed fully
home.

3.9

For size DN150 and above, position the monkey wrench to pull the joint together after
solvent cement is applied. The use of hammers etc, to push fitting into pipe is NOT
PERMITTED at ANY time.

3.10 Wipe off excessive solvent cement from the joint. Care should be taken to avoid
excessive deposits of solvent cement inside small diameter pipe and fittings as this can
weaken the wall of the pipe or fitting.
3.11 All ABS fitting are of tapered interference fit. Hence, it is essential that the fitting is
held in position for times varying from 10 seconds to one minute to prevent any
movement. When using monkey wrench on larger fittings leave it in position until you
reach for the next joint.

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


3.12 Replace lids after use. Clean brushes in ABS Primer.
3.13 PVC solvent cement and primer are strictly not allowed for use with ABS pipe and
fittings. Only specially prepared ABS solvent cement and ABS Primer from the same
manufacturer is approved for jointing. Performance guarantee is null and void if other
solvent cements or cleaner are used.
3.14 Flanges or other suitable methods in accordance with the manufacturers instruction
shall be used to join ABS pipes and fittings to other material.
3.15 ABS pipes cannot be successfully solvent cemented under wet conditions. Pipe must be
clean and dry for effective jointing.
3.16 In preparation for jointing, pipe should be stored in a shaded area as the working life of
solvent cement is reduced when applied to hot pipe and fitting.
3.17 A canopy over the jointing area is desirable when working under direct sunlight.

4.0 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.


4.1

Work in a shaded, well ventilated, and clear of hazards area.

4.2

Treat ABS Solvent Cement and ABS Primer with care, as they are volatile and
flammable liquids. Replace lids after use.

4.3

Solvent cement may be removed from your hands with soap and water or industrial
hand cleaning soap. Do not use ABS Primer for removing ABS Solvent Cement from
your skin.

4.4

The following requirements are in addition to any government safety legislation or


established company work practices
i)

Read safety precautions on ABS Solvent Cement and ABS Primer tins.

ii)

As solvent cement and primer are flammable liquids ensure working


area is clear of falling sparks or other sources of ignition e.g. smoking.

iii)

Wear a safety glass and protective glove at all times when using ABS
Solvent Cement and ABS Primer.

iv)

No smoking is allowed when jointing ABS pipes and fittings using


solvent cement and or primer.

5.0 PIPE SUPPORT


5.1

The maximum distance between pipe support and width of pipe supports shall be in
accordance with the manufacturers recommendations.

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


5.2

Pipe supports shall not exert undue pressure on the pipe wall or deform the pipe wall
against the clamp or support. All clamps on horizontal pipe shall allow axial movement
of the pipe.

5.3

Recommended maximum spacing of horizontal pipe support for ABS pipe at various
temperatures are given in Table 2.0. Maximum spacing of vertical pipe supports is the
same with that of horizontal pipe support at 20C.

Nominal Pipe
Size
(DN/OD)

Recommended Maximum Spacing of Support, (m)


Horizontal or Graded Pipes
Vertical
Temperature (C)
Pipes
20C
50C
70C

DN 15 ()
0.9
0.7
0.4
0.9
DN 20 ()
1.0
0.7
0.6
1.0
DN 25 (1)
1.0
0.85
0.7
1.0
DN 32 (1 )
1.2
0.9
0.7
1.2
DN 40 (1 )
1.2
1.0
0.7
1.2
DN 50 (2)
1.3
1.0
0.7
1.3
DN 80 (3)
1.6
1.3
0.9
1.6
DN 100 (4)
1.9
1.5
1.0
1.9
DN 150 (6)
2.1
1.8
1.0
2.1
DN 200 (8)
2.4
1.9
1.2
2.4
OD 225 (9)
2.4
1.9
1.6
2.4
OD 250 (10)
2.7
2.2
1.8
2.7
OD 315 (12)
3.0
2.4
1.8
3.0
OD 355 (14)
3.0
2.4
2.0
3.0
OD 400 (16)
3.3
2.7
2.4
3.3
OD 450 (18)
3.3
2.7
2.4
3.3
OD 500 (20)
3.6
3.0
2.6
3.6
OD 560 (22)
3.6
3.0
2.7
3.6
OD 630 (24)
3.9
3.3
3.0
3.9
Table 2.0 Recommended maximum spacing of supports for all classes of pipe

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

ABS Pipe
Concrete
Wall

Bolt
ABS Stub Flange

Backing Ring
Rubber Gasket
Valve Support Plate
Nuts

ABS Stub Flange


ABS Pipe
Wall
Plugs

Figure 1 Typical vertical pipe support (Anchoring point)


5.4

Firm supports or anchoring points as depicted in Figure 1 at a distance not more than
20m apart shall be installed on vertical pipe to prevent undue loading and stress being
transmitted to the riser or dropper pipe.

5.5

Large valve, filter or other heavy items shall always be independently supported or
anchored to prevent undue loading and stress being transmitted to the pipe. Valve
support plates can be used in place of flange backing ring to provide necessary support.

6.0 USAGE OF SOLVENT CEMENT


6.1

An estimation of the number of joints likely to be made with ABS Solvent Cement when
following the recommended procedure is as follows Table 3.0:
Pipe Diameter
Up to DN 50 (2)
DN 80 (3)
DN 100 (4)
DN 150 (6)
DN 200 (8)
OD 225 (9)
OD 250 (10)
OD 315 (12)
OD 355 (14)
OD 400 (16)
OD 450 (18)
OD 500 (20)
OD 630 (24)

*Solvent Welds per Litre


135
45
35
20
10
10
4
4
3
2
1
1
0.5
Table 3.0

*Note: Actual usage may vary from quantity stated in Table 4. A socket counts as 2 joints, a tee as 3 joints etc.
The usage of ABS Primer is approximately 2/3 times that of ABS Solvent Cement

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

7.0 SOLVENT CEMENT WELDING DRYING TIMES


7.1

The drying time for joints varies depending on:


i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
v)

7.2

The amount of ABS Solvent Cement and ABS Primer applied.


The diameter of the pipe or fitting.
Ambient temperature.
The fit between the pipe and fitting.
Class of the pipe.

Whilst full rated working pressure shall not be applied for 24 hours, joints in smaller
diameters can often be put back into service within relatively short period after jointing.
An approximate guide is to allow 1 (one) hour per 100kPa working pressure for size up
to DN 80 (3). For size DN 100 (4) and above this time should be increased to 1.5
hours per 100kPa. (Actual curing time may differ depending on site environmental
condition.)

8.0 JOINTING SYSTEMS


8.1

Pipe and plain ended fitting may be joined by the following methods;
i)
Sockets
ii)
Flanges
iii)
Shoulder style two bolt coupling
iv)
Threaded adapters
v)
Unions

8.2

In each of the above methods the selected fitting must be cold solvent welded to the end
of the ABS pipe or fitting.

8.3

O ring repair sockets and Shoulder couplings are also available and may be used for
jointing pipe, however their use is normally confined to jointing of replacement pipe
sections.

8.4

ABS pipe may be connected directly to other pipe or equipment using flange or threaded
connection. Flanges are the recommended method for all sizes, however threaded
connections may be used for sizes DN 65 (2 ) and below.

8.5

Stub and Full Face flange, available in size DN 80 (3) to OD 630 (24).

8.6

Backing rings must be used in conjunction with stub flanges and are available in all
standard drilling configurations. Gaskets must be used in conjunction with flanges.

8.7

ABS stub flange assembly may be bolted directly to other pipe systems and appendages
of the same flange-drilling standard.

8.8

Flange bolt torque values for ABS pipe (as shown in Table 4.0) need not be as high as
those commonly used on steel pipe systems. Higher torque values may result in
distortion of the flange face.

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


Recommended Bolt Torques and Bolt Sizes
Pipe Sizes
Bolt Sizes
Recommended
Hole per
(DN/OD)
Torque (NM)
Flange
DN 15 ()
M 12 x 50
7
4
DN 20 ()
M 12 x 50
10
4
DN 25 (1)
M 12 x 50
14
4
DN 32 (1 )
M 12 x 50
13
4
DN 40 (1 )
M 16 x 60
20
4
DN 50 (2)
M 16 x 65
22
4
DN 80 (3)
M 16 x 70
33
4
DN 100 (4)
M 16 x 80
25
8
DN 150 (6)
M 20 x 90
42
8
DN 200 (8)
M 20 x 100
42
8
OD 225 (9)
M 20 x 130
80
12
OD 250 (10)
M 20 x 150
108
12
OD 315 (12)
M 20 x 150
108
12
OD 355 (14)
M 24 x 160
133
12
OD 400 (16)
M 24 x 180
157
16
OD 450 (18)
M 24 x 190
185
16
OD 500 (20)
M 27 x 230
191
16
OD 630 (24)
M 27 x 280
200
20
Table 4.0 Recommended bolt torques and bolt sizes
8.9

Standard butterfly valves may be placed between ABS stub flange assembly without
modification. Valve should be checked for full and free movement prior to final
tightening of flange bolts.

8.10 All threaded fitting are rated 1200Kpa at 20C.


8.11 For high-pressure installations it is preferable to use adaptors or fitting with male ABS
threads in preference to female threaded fittings particularly in systems subject to
thermal cycling.
8.12 Tightening should only be done by hand with a maximum of an extra quarter turn with a
pipe wrench. There is often a tendency to over tighten threads and causes distortions and
leakages.
8.13 If a threaded connection is leaking, disassemble the join. If there is no apparent damage,
remake the connection by taking care not to over tighten.
8.14 PTFE tape can be used as thread sealant.
8.15 Do not use liquid thread sealant, e.g. Loctite or PTFE paste, as they contain chemicals,
which may attack plastic materials.

1998 Copyright Reserve

ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

9.0 BURIED PIPES


9.1

All installation of ABS pipe work shall complied with statutory regulation, where these
applicable.

9.2

Pipe Trench
i)

Trenches shall be constructed in accordance with AS 2566 1982.

ii)

In general, trenches shall be as narrow as possible with regard to the practicality of


handing the pipe in the trench and the stability of the ground conditions.

iii)

A minimum bottom of trench width equal to the outside diameter of the pipe plus
200 to 300mm shall be sufficient. Depth of the trench, as per the Table 5.0, shall
allow for the required top cover plus the diameter of the pipe and the depth of the
bedding.

iv)

Where very heavy vehicle loads are anticipated, trench depths shall be calculated
in accordance with AS 2566 1982.

v)

Requirements of regulatory authorities may specify different depths for local


conditions.

MINIMUM COVER OVER PIPE (H)


Not subject to vehicular loading
Subject to vehicular loading
i) not in roadways
ii) in sealed roadways
iii) under unsealed roadways
Pipes in embankment condition or subject to construction equipment loading

300 mm
450 mm
600 mm
750 mm
750 mm

Table 5.0

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

Backfill

.
.

Contacted Pipe
Side Support

Compacted Pipe
Underlay

.
.

.
.

Compacted Pipe
Overlay

.
.

. . .
. . min .
. 100 mm .
. .
.
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. .

.
.

.
.

.
.

.
.

..
. .
. . . . min . .
. D . .100 mm .
. . . .
. . . . .
. . . .
. . .
. . .
. . . . .
. . . . .

H min
150 mm
min

75 mm min

B min*

Figure 2 Typical installations in a trench


* Minimum width of trench B min = D + 200 mm for DN 100 (4) and above, or 2D for DN
smaller than 100mm.

9.3

Trench Component
i) Bedding Material Suitable sand (free of rocks) or crushed rock/ gravel (max size =
14mm)
ii) Pipe side support Clayey sand or fine sand
iii) Pipe overlay Sand or gravel
iv) Backfill Excavated material from site (mixed soil)

9.4

Thrust Blocks
i)

9.5

Thrust blocks are not required for cold solvent cement welded buried pipelines at
changes of direction, terminations, and changes in pipe diameter or tees. Thrust
blocks may be required where valve or other equipment is positioned in the
pipeline and are not independently supported.

Backfilling and Tamping


i)

Backfill must be effectively tamped under both sides of the pipe to provide proper
supports. Joints shall be left uncover until pressure testing has been completed.
Excavated material may be used for final backfilling.

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

10

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

ii)

For pipelines operating at above or below ambient temperatures contact the


manufacturer for installation instruction.

10.0 INSTALLATION OF PIPEWORK ABOVE GROUND


10.1 ABS pipe exposed to direct sunlight shall be painted with water based paint. Coating
pipes with acrylic or water base paint is effective in minimizing any effects of
ultraviolet radiation.
10.2 ABS piping system shall be installed to allow thermal movement, where high
temperature variations are likely to occur, such as in cavity walls or roof spaces. The
coefficient of thermal linear expansion of ABS is 10.1 x 10-5 m/m C.
10.3 The maximum pipe thermal movement can be calculated by using the following
equation.

L = L x C x T
m/mC

where: L
L
C

= pipe expansion/contraction, m
= original pipe length, m
= coefficient of thermal linear expansion,
= pipe wall temperature variation, C

10.4 The pipe wall temperature variation can be calculated by using the formula below:

T = 0.65 TL + 0.10 TA
Where: T
= pipe wall temperature variation, C
TL = maximum temperature variation in pipe content, C
TA = maximum temperature variation of external air, C
10.5 Expansion joints which may be incorporated in a fitting or as separate fittings shell be
installed in accordance with manufacturers instructions in the position shown in the
design for the particular installation.
10.6 Where expansion loops are to be used, they shall be installed in accordance with
manufacturers instructions in the position shown in the design for the particular
installation.
10.7 Sliding supports shall be provided to allow a guide without restraint for the direction of
movement of pipes subject to thermal expansion.
10.8 All pipe clips should permit free axial pipe movement at all temperatures and shall give
good bearing support to the pipe.
10.9 Any ABS Pipe or fittings built into, or passing through any floor of wall shall be
surrounded by a conduit or flexible membrane or a suitable permanent annular space to
permit movement without scoring the ABS material, unless otherwise specified.

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

11

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

11.0 TEMPERATURE CONSIDERATION


11.1 Where ABS Pipe or fittings are under pressure and in continuous service at any
temperature in 20C to 70C, the safe working pressure should be reduced in
accordance with the values in Table 6.
11.2 Due allowance shall be made for expansion that will occur as pipe change temperature.
The coefficient of thermal linear expansion of ABS is 10.1 x 10-5/K
DESIGN
PIPE CLASS
LIFE
4.5
6
9
12
15
YEARS
WORKING PRESSURE, BAR
5.1
6.8
10.2
13.6
17.0
1
4.8
6.4
9.6
12.8
16.0
5
4.7
6.3
9.5
12.6
15.8
20
10
4.6
6.2
9.3
12.4
15.5
25
4.5
6.0
9.0
12.0
15.0
50
4.4
5.8
8.7
11.6
14.6
1
4.1
5.5
8.3
11.0
13.8
5
4.1
5.4
8.1
10.8
13.5
30
10
4.0
5.3
8.0
10.7
13.4
25
3.9
5.2
7.7
10.3
12.9
50
3.7
4.9
7.4
9.8
12.3
1
3.5
4.7
7.0
9.4
11.7
5
3.5
4.6
6.9
9.2
11.6
40
10
3.4
4.5
6.8
9.0
11.3
25
3.3
4.4
6.6
8.8
11.0
50
3.1
4.1
6.1
8.2
10.2
1
2.9
3.8
5.8
7.7
9.6
5
2.8
3.8
5.7
7.6
9.5
50
10
2.8
3.7
5.6
7.4
9.3
25
2.7
3.6
5.4
7.2
9.0
50
2.3
3.1
4.6
6.1
7.7
1
2.2
2.9
4.3
5.8
7.2
5
2.1
2.8
4.2
5.6
7.1
60
10
2.1
2.8
4.1
5.5
6.9
25
50
TABLE 6 Recommended Maximum Static Working Pressure of Pipe Systems
According To Pipe Material Temperature
TEMP
C

12.0 WATER TANK CONNECTION


12.1 The appropriate installation of ABS inlet pipe to HDPE Tank in order to avoid any
unnecessary premature failure of the ABS pipe is as depicted in figure 3.

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

12

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation

HDPE Tank

Bracket to prevent
flexing. But allow axial
movement only

Float Valve

H
Bracket allow axial
movement only

Water

ABS Pipe

Figure 3 Recommendation
L

H = 32.7 x D x L
H

Where:
D = Outside Diameter

Figure 4 Calculation of Distant, H

HDPE Tank
Flexing
Float Valve

Crack
Flexing

Water
ABS Pipe

Figure 5 Flexing of ABS Inlet Pipe Induced by Flexing of HDPE Tank

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ABS PIPING SYSTEM

13

Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


12.2 Distant H are show as following Table 7
L (mm)
Pipe Size
DN 15
DN 20
DN 25
DN 32
DN 40
DN 50

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

151.3
169.3
189.5
212.7
227.3
254.1

213.9
239.4
268.1
300.8
321.4
359.4

262.0
293.2
328.3
368.4
393.6
440.2

302.5
338.6
379.1
425.4
454.5
508.3

5.0
6.0
Distant H (mm)
338.3 370.5
378.5 414.7
423.8 464.3
475.6 520.9
508.2 556.7
568.3 622.5

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

400.2
447.9
501.5
562.7
601.3
672.4

427.9
478.8
536.1
601.5
642.8
718.8

453.8
507.9
568.6
638.0
681.8
762.4

478.4
535.3
599.4
672.5
718.7
803.6

TABLE 7

13.0 VALVE AND FLUSH VALVE CONNECTION


13.1 All flush valves must be set to slow closing mode to reduce water hammering effects
and fatigue loading in the piping system.
13.2 Pressure Reducing Valve (PRV) shell be installed at every 30m (3 bar) height.
13.3 Recommended to use pilot-acting PRV in order to cater for small demand and the flow
velocity shall be limited to 1-1.5 m/s maximum at termination point.
13.4 Recommended to install appropriately designed surge tank for both gravity and
plumbing systems.

14.0 PUMP SELECTION


14.1 Recommended to use variable speed control for booster pump system. Motor speed
shall be calibrated to limit flow velocity to 1 -1.5m/s for small demand. Hydropneumatic type is NOT suitable for plumbing usage.

15.0 HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE TESTING


15.1 The following are requirements for pressure testing of all ABS pressure piping
applications as set out in MS1419: Part 4:1998 Section 5: Pressure Testing.
i)

Preparation for test


Air shall be removed by flushing or venting at highest point.
Pipelines shall not be tested to working pressure until 24 hours after the last
joint have been made. Testing at pressure above working pressure shall not be
performed until at least 48 hours after the last joint has been made.

ii)

Test pressure, duration and temperature


A test pressure of 1.5 times the design pressure shall be applied to the section
under test. The test section shall then be allowed to stand under pressure without

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Specifications of ABS Pressure Piping System for Supply and Installation


make-up for at least 15 minutes, or the time necessary to inspect all the joints in
the completed section (12 hours maximum) at a temperature of 20C.
iii)

Temperature considerations (MS1419: Part 4: 1998 clause 2.4.2)


Where ABS pipe and fittings are under pressure and in continuous service at any
temperature in the range 20C to 70C, the safe working pressure shall be reduced
in accordance with the values in Table 6.0

iv)

Acceptance criteria
A new pipeline shall be deemed to have passed the pressure test if there is no
marked loss of test pressure and there is no evidence of leaks of the test fluid either
after at least 15 minutes under pressure or after the time necessary to inspect all
joints in the completed section (12 hours maximum).

CAUTION: Under no circumstances shall pressure tests be carried out using pressurize gases. Such a
test can be extremely dangerous shall a failure occur.

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