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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Which of the following substances is made up of atoms?


Antara berikut, bahan yang manakah terdiri daripada atom?
A

Iron
Ferum

Oxygen gas
Gas oksigen

Naphthalene
Naftalena

Sodium chloride
Natrium klorida

The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid,
Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik
Mg(s)

2HCl(aq)

MgCl2(aq)

H2(g)

Which of the following statements is true?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?
[Relative atomic mass of H = 1. Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]
[Jisim atom relatif H = 1, Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]
A

1 g magnesium react with 2 g hydrochloric acid to produce 1 g magnesium chloride and


1 g hydrogen gas
1 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 g
magnesium klorida dan 1 g gas hidrogen

24 g magnesium react with 36.5 g hydrochloric acid to produce 95 g magnesium chloride


and 2 g hydrogen gas
24 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 36.5 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 95 g
magnesium klorida dan 2 g gas hidrogen

1 mol magnesium react with 2 mol hydrochloric acid to produce 1 mol magnesium
chloride and 1 mol hydrogen gas
1 mol magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 mol asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 mol
magnesium klorida dan 1 mol gas hidrogen

1 magnesium atom reacts with 2 hydrochloric acid molecule to produce 1 magnesium


chloride molecule and 1 hydrogen gas molecule
1 atom magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 molekul asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1
molekul magnesium klorida dan 1 molekul gas hidrogen

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic mass in The
Periodic Table ?
Antara ahli kimia berikut, yang manakah menyusun unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala
berdasarkan pertambahan jisim atom?
A

Dmitri Mendeleev

Johann Dobereiner

John Newlands

Henry Moseley

Element J has 11 electrons


Unsur J mempunyai 11 elektron.
Which of the following electron arrangements represent ion J?
Antara susunan elektron berikut, yang manakah mewakili ion J?

The ions that are present in copper(II) sulphate solution are


Ion-ion yang wujud dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat ialah
A

Cu2+, SO42-

Cu2+, SO42-, H+

Cu2+, SO42-, OH-

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D

Cu2+, SO42-, H+, OH-

Which of the following is a strong acid?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah asid kuat?
A

Alkyl sulphonic acid


Asid Alkil sulfonik

Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik

Palmitic acid
Asid palmitik

Nitric acid
Asid nitrik

Which of the following is a salt ?


Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan garam?
A Lead (II) oxide
Plumbum(II) oksida
B

Barium hydroxide
Barium hidroksida

C Aluminium nitrate
Aluminium nitrat
D Hydrogen sulphate
Hidrogen sulfat

Which of the following is true about manufactured substance in industry and its uses?
Antara yang berikut,,yang manakah benar tentang bahan buatan dalam industri dengan
kegunaannya?

A
B
C
D

Manufactured substance in industry


Bahan Buatan Industri
Polythene
Politena
Lead glass
Kaca Plumbum
Photochromic glass
Kaca fotokromik
Plastic reinforced with glass
Plastik yang diperkukuhkan dengan kaca

Uses
Kegunaan
Lenses
Kanta
Mirror
Cermin
Optical lenses
Kanta cermin mata
Test tube
Tabung uji

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10

Which of the following statements best explain the decrease in rate of decomposition of
hydrogen peroxide with time?
Antara pernyataan berikut,yang manakah menerangkan pengurangan kadar penguraian
hidrogen peroksida dengan masa ?
A

Product of reaction decreases


Hasil tindak balas berkurang

Temperature of hydrogen peroxide decreases


Suhu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

Volume of hydrogen peroxide decreases


Isipadu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

Concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreases


Kepekatan hidrogen peroksida berkurang

Which of the following chemicals is used to keep latex in its liquid state?
Antara bahan kimia berikut, yang manakah digunakan untuk mengekalkan lateks dalam keadaan
cecair?
A

Aqueous ammonia
Ammonia akueous

Ethanoic acid
Asid ethanoik

Methanol
Metanol

Water
Air

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Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for a chemical reaction.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu tindak balas kimia.

Iron strip
Kepingan ferum

Magnesium strip
Kepingan magnesium
Agar solution
Larutan agar-agar

DIAGRAM 1
RAJAH 1
Which of the following statements is true for the reaction?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas itu?

12

Iron is reduced
Ferum diturunkan

Iron is an oxidising agent


Ferum adalah agen pengoksidaan

Magnesium releases electron


Magnesium membebaskan elektron

The oxidation number of magnesium decreases


Nombor pengoksidaan magnesium berkurang

What is the meaning of heat of reaction?


Apakah maksud haba tindak balas?
A

The energy needed to break the chemical bond


Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memecahkan ikatan kimia

The energy needed to start a reaction


Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memulakan tindak balas

The energy involved when change of state of matter occurs


Tenaga yang dibebaskan apabila perubahan keadaan bahan berlaku

The change in the energy contained in the products and in the reactants
Perubahan kandungan tenaga dalam hasil tindak balas dan bahan tindak balas

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13

The body of an aeroplane is made up of alloy X.


Badan sebuah kapalterbang dibina dari sejenis aloi X.
What is the alloy X?
Apakah aloi X itu?
A

Pewter
Piuter

Brass
Loyang

Bronze
Gangsa

Duralumin
Duralumin

14

Which of the following is true about the charges of an electron, a neutron and a proton?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang cas-cas bagi elektron, neutron dan proton?

A
B
C
D

15

Electron
Elektron
Negative
Negatif
Positive
Positif
Positive
Positif
Negative
Negatif

Neutron
Neutron
Positive
Positif
Neutral
Neutral
Negative
Negatif
Neutral
Neutral

Proton
Proton
Neutral
Neutral
Negative
Negatif
Neutral
Neutral
Positive
Positif

Which of the following pair of compounds and formulae is correct?


Antara berikut, yang manakah pasangan sebatian dan fomulanya betul?
Compound
Sebatian

Formula
Formula

Sodium sulphate
Natrium sulfat

NaSO4

Copper(II) oxide
Kuprum(II) oksida

Cu2O

Iron(III) chloride
Ferum(III) klorida

FeCl3

Zinc nitrate
Zink nitrat

Zn(NO2)3

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16

Astatine is below iodine in Group 17 of Periodic Table.


Astatine terletak di bawah iodin dalam Kumpulan17 Jadual Berkala.
Which of the following statements is true for astatine?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang astatine?

17

Form basic oxide


Membentuk oksida alkali

Exists as monoatom
Wujud sebagai monoatom

Solid at room temperature


Pepejal pada suhu bilik

More electronegativity than iodine


Lebih elektronegatif daripada iodin

The diagram 2 shows the electron arrangement of a molecule of water ,H2 O


Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi molekul air ,H2O

DIAGRAM 2
RAJAH 2
Which of the following statements is true about the molecule?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang molekul itu ?
A

The compound has high melting point


Sebatian mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi

Oxygen atom ,O has four pairs of electrons to share


Atom oksigen, O mempunyai empat pasang elektron untuk di kongsi

The bonding between molecules of water, H2 O is of Van der Waals forces


Ikatan antara molekul air, H2 O ialah daya Van der Waals

Each oxygen atom , O receives two electrons to form an oxide ion


Setiap atom oksigen, O menerima dua elektron untuk membentuk satu ion oksida.

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18

The diagram 3 shows the set up of the apparatus of a simple chemical cell.
The reading on the voltmeter is 0.5 V.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu radas bagi satu sel kimia yang ringkas.
Bacaan pada voltmeter ialah 0.5 V.
0.5V

Iron plate
Kepingan
ferum

Zinc plate
Kepingan zink

Iron(II) sulphate solution


Larutan ferum(II) sulfat
DIAGRAM 3
RAJAH 3
Which of the following will give the biggest increment in the reading on the voltmeter?
Antara berikut, yang manakah akan meningkatkan bacaan paling tinggi pada voltmeter?

19

Increase the volume of iron(II) sulphate solution


Tambahkan isipadu ferum(II) sulfat

Substitute the iron plate with a silver plate


Gantikan kepingan ferum dengan kepingan argentum

Use a more dilute iron(II) sulphate solution


Gunakan larutan ferum(II) sulfat yang lebih cair

Substitute the zink plate with an aluminium plate


Gantikan kepingan zink dengan kepingan aluminium

Which of the following is true about alloy and its major component?
Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang aloi dan juzuk utamanya

A
B
C
D

Alloy
Aloi
Duralumin
Duralumin
Steel
Keluli
Bronze
Gangsa
Pewter
Piuter

Major component
Komponen utama
Magnesium
Magnesium
Tin
Stanum
Copper
Kuprum
Zinc
Zink

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20

Which of the following solutions contain the same number of hydrogen ion, H+?
Antara larutan berikut, yang manakah mengandungi bilangan ion hidrogen, H+ yang sama?
[Avogadro number = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 ]
[Nombor Avogadro = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 ]

21

50 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of nitric acid


50 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 acid nitrik

II

100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid


100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 acid hidroklorik

III

25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 of sulphuric acid


25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 acid sulfurik

IV

200 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 of ethanoic acid


200 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 acid etanoik

I and III only


I dan III sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

I, II and III only


I, II dan III sahaja

II, III and IV only


II, III dan IV sahajay

Which of the following explains the meaning of effective collision?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menjelaskan maksud perlanggaran berkesan?
A

The collision that causes a reaction


Perlanggaran yang menghasilkan tindak balas

The collision that has a low energy


Perlanggaran yang mempunyai tenaga yang rendah

The collision which takes place before a reaction


Perlanggaran yang berlaku sebelum sesuatu tindak balas

The collision where its energy is less than the activation energy
Perlanggaran yang tenaganya kurang daripada tenaga pengaktifan

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22

Diagram 4 shows the set of apparatus of an experiment.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen.

Zinc chloride solution


Larutan zink klorida

Aluminium chloride solution


Larutan Aluminium klorida

DIAGRAM 4
RAJAH 4
Which of the following can be used to differentiate these solutions?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk membezakan larutan-larutan
tersebut ?

23

Ammonia solution
Larutan ammonia

Barium nitrate solution


Larutan barium nitrat

Silver nitrate solution


Larutan argentum nitrat

Sodium hydroxide solution


Larutan natrium hidroksida

Diagram 5 represents the structural formula of a carbon compound


Rajah 5 menunjukkan formula struktur satu sebatian karbon
H H O
H H
| |
||
|
|
HCC COCCH
| |
|
|
H H
H H

DIAGRAM 5
RAJAH 5
Name of the above carbon compound is
Nama sebatian karbon di atas ialah
A

Ethyl ethanoate
Etil etanoat

Propil ethanoate
Propil etanoat

Ethyl propanoate
Etil propanoat

Diethyl methanoate
Dietil etanoat
10

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24

25

Which of the following reactions shows that tin is a reducing agent?


Antara tindak balas kimia berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan stanum sebagai agen
penurunan?
I

Reaction of tin with silver oxide


Tindak balas stanum dengan argentum oksida

II

Reaction of tin with lead(II) nitrate solution


Tindak balas stanum dengan larutan Plumbum(II) nitrat

III

Electrolysis of tin(II) nitrate solution using tin electrodes


Elektrolisis larutan stanum(II) nitrat dengan menggunakan elektrod stanum

IV

Chemical cell with tin and zinc electrodes in sodium sulphate solution.
Sel Kimia yang menggunakan elektrod stanum dan zink dalam larutan natrium sulfat.

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

I, II and III only


I, II dan III sahaja

I, III and IV only


I, III dan IV sahaja

The following chemical equation shows the reaction of the formation of lead (II) sulphate
precipitate.
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas pembentukan mendakan plumbum (II) sulfat.
Pb2+ (ak) + SO4 2- (ak) PbSO4 (p) H = - 42 kJ mol -1
Which of the following is true about the reaction?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang tindak balas itu?

A
B
C
D

Heat change
Perubahan haba
Heat is released
Haba dibebaskan
Heat is absorbed
Haba diserap
Heat is released
Haba dibebaskan
Heat is absorbed
Haba diserap

Type of reaction
Jenis tindak balas
Endothermic
Endotermik
Exothermic
Eksotermik
Exothermic
Eksotermik
Endothermic
Endotermik

11

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26

27

Which of the following molecules is soap?


Antara molekul berikut, yang manakah merupakan sabun?
A

CH3(CH2)14COOH

CH3(CH2)2COONa

CH3(CH2)14COONa

CH3(CH2)14COOCH3

The diagram 6 shows the cooling curve for a sample of a pure substance X
Rajah 6 menunjukkan lengkuk penyejukan bagi satu contoh bahan X yang tulin.
Temperature/oC

Time/s
t

DIAGRAM 6
RAJAH 6
Which of the following statements is true about the arrangement of particles at time t?
Antara berikut, yang manakah pernyataan yang benar tentang susunan zarah-zarah pada
masa t?
A

All the molecules move freely


Semua zarah bergerak bebas

All the molecules only vibrate and rotate at their fixed position
Semua zarah hanya bergetar dan berputar pada kedudukan yang tetap

Some of the molecules move from one point to another and the others move randomly
Sebahagian zarah bergerak dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain dan yang lainnya
bergerak bebas

Some of the molecules vibrate and rotate at their fixed positions and the others move
from one point to another
Sebahagian zarah bergetar dan berputar pada kedudukan yang tetap dan yang lainnya
bergerak dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain

12

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28

Diagram 7 shows the molecular formulae of two compounds, X and Y


Rajah 7 menunjukkan formula molekul bagi dua sebatian, X dan Y.
C5H10

C2H6
Compound X
Sebatian X

Compound Y
Sebatian Y
DIAGRAM 7
RAJAH 7

Which of the following statements are similar for compound X and Y?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah sama bagi sebatian X dan Y?

29

The empirical formula


Formula empirik

Reaction with bromine water


Bertindak balas dengan air bromine

Hydration to produce an alcohol


Penghidratan menghasilkan suatu alkohol

Complete combustion in oxygen to produce water and carbon dioxide gas


Pembakaran sempurna dalam oksigen menghasilkan air dan gas karbon dioksida

Table 1 shows the proton number of elements W,X,Y and Z.


The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur-unsur W,X,Y ,dan Z.
Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.
Element
Unsur
W
X
Y
Z

Proton number
Nombor proton
11
13
17
19

TABLE 1
JADUAL 1
Which of the following shows the ascending order of the atomic size of the elements?
Antara ynag berikut yang manakah menunjukkan susunan menaik saiz atom bagi unsur-unsur
itu?
A
B
C
D

W,X,Y,Z
Z,W,X,Y
Y,X,W,Z
Z,Y,X,W

13

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30

31

Which of the following is true about covalent compound?


Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang sebatian kovalen?
A

Conduct electricity in molten or aqueous state


Mengalir elektrik dalam keadaan lebur atau akueus

Low melting point


Takat lebur rendah

Soluble in water
Larut dalam air

Not volatile
Tidak meruap

Diagram 8 shows a set up of chemical cell using a pair of zinc and copper as electrodes.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan susunan radas sel kimia menggunakan pasangan elektrod zink dan
kuprum.
Zinc
Zink

Copper
kuprum

Copper(II) sulphate solution


Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat
DIAGRAM 8
RAJAH 8
The blue copper(II) sulphate solution turns pale.
Warna biru larutan kuprum(II) sulfat luntur
Which of the following explains the observation?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah menerangkan pemerhatian itu?
A

Zinc atom ionizes


Atom zink mengion

Copper atom ionizes


Atom kuprum mengion

Sulphate ion is discharged


Ion sulfat dinyahscas

Copper(II) ion is discharged


Ion kuprum(II) dinyahcas

14

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32

The pH value of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid,HCl is smaller than


the pH value of 0.1 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid, CH3COOH
Nilai pH bagi 0.1 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik, HCl adalah lebih kecil berbanding
dengan nilai pH bagi 0.1 mol dm-3 asid etanoik, CH3COOH
Which of the following explains the above statement?
Antara berikut, yang manakah menerangkan pernyataan di atas?

33

Hydrochloric acid is a weak acid while ethanoic acid is a strong acid


Asid hidroklorik ialah asid lemah sementara asid etanoik ialah asid kuat

Hydrochloric acid dissociates partially while ethanoic acid dissociates completely in


water
Asid hidroklorik bercerai separa sementara asid etanoik bercerai sempurna di dalam
air

The number of hydrogen atom in hydrochloric acid is smaller than in ethanoic acid
Bilangan atom hidrogen di dalam asid hidroklorik lebih kecil berbanding di dalam asid
etanoik

The concentration of hydrogen ion in hydrochloric acid is higher than in ethanoic acid
Kepekatan ion hidrogen di dalam asid hidroklorik adalah lebih tinggi berbanding di
dalam asid etanoik

The following equation shows the preparation of salt R.


Persamaan berikut menunjukkan penyediaan garam R
Solution P + Solution Q
Larutan P + Larutan Q

Solid R + Solution S
Pepejal R + Larutan S

Which of the following set represents compound P,Q,R and S?


Antara set berikut, yang manakah merupakan sebatian P,Q,R dan S?
P
Q
R
S
I
Pb
NaBr
PbBr2
Na
K2SO4
CaSO4
KNO3
II
Ca(NO)3
III
AgNO3
NaCl
AgCl
NaNO3
HCl
NH4Cl
H2O
IV
NH4OH
A

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

I and IV only
I dan IV sahaja

II and III only


II and III sahaja

III and IV only


III and IV sahaja

15

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34

The manufacturing of sulfuric acid involves several reactions.


Pembuatan asid sulfurik melibatkan beberapa tindak balas.
Which of the following equations represents the sulfuric acid reaction that uses a catalyst?
Antara persamaan berikut, yang manakah mewakili tindak balas asid sulfurik yang
menggunakan mangkin?

35

S + O2 SO2

2SO2 + O2 2SO3

SO3 + H2SO4 H2S2O7

H2S2O7 + H2 O 2H2SO4

Diagram 9 shows the graph of volume of oxygen gas against time . Curve P is obtained from an
experiment of the decomposition of 25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrogen peroxide solution.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa. Lengkung P diperolehi daripada
tindak balas penguraian 25 cm3 larutan hidrogen peroksida 0.2 mol dm-3.
Volume of O2 gas/cm3
Isipadu gas O2 /cm3

P
Q

Time/s
Masa/s

DIAGRAM 9
RAJAH 9
Which of the following solutions will produce curve Q?
Antara larutan berikut, yang manakah akan menghasilkan lengkung Q?
A

25 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3


25 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3

20 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3


20 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3

15 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3


15 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.15 mol dm-3

10 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.25 mol dm-3


10 cm3 hydrogen peroxide 0.25 mol dm-3

16

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36

The equation below shows the chemical equation of the combustion of ethanol in excess oxygen
Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan persamaan kimia bagi pembakaran etanol dalam oksigen
berlebihan
2C2H5OH

7O2

4CO2

6H2O

What is the volume of carbon dioxide gas released when 9.20 g ethanol reacts completely?
Berapakah isi padu gas karbon dioksida terbebas apabila 9.2 g etanol bertindak balas lengkap?
[Relative atomic mass of H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, 1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm3 at room
condition]
[Jisim atom relatif H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, 1 mol of gas memenuhi 24 dm3 pada keadaan bilik]
A
B
C
D
37

4.8 cm3
9.6 cm3
96.0 cm3
9600 cm3

Diagram 10 shows the set up of the apparatus to study the redox reaction .
Rajah 10 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindak balas redoks.

Carbon X
Karbon X

Carbon Y
Karbon Y
Solution Y
Larutan Y

Solution X
Larutan X

Porous pot
Pasu telap
DIAGRAM 10
RAJAH 10
Carbon X is a negative terminal.
Karbon X merupakan terminal negatif.
Which of the following are solution X and solution Y?
Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan larutan X dan larutan Y?

A
B
C
D

Solution X
Larutan X
Iron(II) sulphate
Ferum(II) sulfat
Iron(III) sulphate
Ferum(III) sulfat
Acidified potassium dicromate(VI)
Kalium dikromat(VI) berasid
Acidified potassium manganat(VII)
Kalium manganat(VII) berasid

Solution Y
Larutan Y
Bromine water
Air bromin
Potassium bromide
Kalium bomida
Potassium chloride
Kalium klorida
Iron(II) sulphate
Ferum(II) sulfat

17

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38

The reaction between 25.00 cm3 of hydrochloric acid and 25.00 cm3 of sodium hydroxide
solution releases the heat of 2100 J.
[Specific heat capacity of a solution = 4.2 J g-1 oC -1
Assume that 1 cm 3 of a solution is equal to 1 g of the solution ]
Tindak balas antara 25.00 cm3 asid hidroklorik dan 25.00 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida
membebaskan haba sebanyak 2100 J.
[Muatan haba tentu larutan = 4.2 J g-1 oC -1
Anggap 1 cm 3 larutan sama dengan 1 g larutan ]
What is the temperature change of the mixture ?
Berapakah perubahan suhu campuran itu?
A
B
C
D

39

40

1 OC
2 OC
10 OC
20 OC

Which of the following is true about soap or detergent ?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang sabun atau detergen ?
A

Soap forms scum in soft water


Sabun membentuk kekat dalam air lembut

Detergent forms scum in hard water


Detergen membentuk kekat di dalam air liat

The presence of magnesium ions in detergent forms scum


Kehadiran ion magnesium di dalam detergen membentuk kekat

Scum decreases the effectiveness of the cleansing action of a soap


Kekat mengurangkan keberkesanan tindakan pencucian sabun

Bromine-79 has 44 neutrons.


Bromin-79 mempunyai 44 neutron
Which of the following symbols represent the bromine atom?
Antara simbol berikut, yang manakah mewakili atom bromin?
35

Br

79

44
35
79
35

79
44

Br

Br

Br

18

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41

2.0 g metal oxide J contains 1.2 g of element J


2.0 g oksida logam J mengandungi 1.2 g logam J
What is the empirical formula of metal oxide J?
Apakah formula empirik bagi oksida logam J?
[Relative atomic mass of J = 24, O = 16 ]
[Jisim atom relatif: J = 24, O = 16 ]
A
B
C
D

42

JO
JO2
J2O
J2O2

In the Periodic Table, element X is in group 1 and element Y is in group 17


The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements.
Dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur, unsur X berada dalam kumpulan I dan unsur Y berada dalam
kumpulan 17.
Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.
Which of the following chemical equation is true for the reaction between element X and element
Y?
Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah benar bagi tindak balas antara unsur X dan
unsur Y?
2X
+
Y2
2 XY
A
X
+
Y2
XY2
B
2X
+
Y
X2Y
C
X
+
Y
XY
D

43

The table 2 shows the electron arrangements of elements R, S, T dan U.


Jadual 2 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi unsur R, S, T dan U
Elements
Unsur
Electron arrangement
Susunan elektron

2.4

2.8

2.8.7

2.8.8.2

Which of the following pair of elements can form ionic compound?


Antara pasangan unsur berikut, yang manakah boleh membentuk sebatian ion?
R and S
A
R dan S
B

S and U
S dan U

T and U
T dan U

R and T
R dan T

19

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The reaction between hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate produces carbon dioxide gas. The
reaction is complete in 50 seconds and the maximum volume of gas produced is 25 cm 3.
Tindakbalas antara asid hidroklorik dengan kalsium kabonat menghasilkan gas karbon dioksida.
Tindak balas lengkap dalam masa 50 saat dan isipadu maksimum gas ialah 25 cm3.
What is the average rate of reaction?
Berapakah kadar tindak balas purata?
A
B
C
D

45

0.5
1.0
2.0
4.0

cm3 s-1
cm3 s-1
cm3 s-1
cm3 s-1

Diagram 11 shows the set-up of apparatus for the titration of sodium hydroxide solution with
sulphuric acid.
Rajah11 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi titratan larutan natrium hidroksida dengan asid
sulfurik

0.5 mol dm-3 of sulphuric acid solution


Larutan 0.5 mol dm-3 asid sulfurik

25 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide +


phenolphthalein
25 cm3 0.5 mol dm-3 larutan natrium hidroksida
+ fenolftalein
DIAGRAM 11
RAJAH 11
What is the volume of 0.5 mol dm-3 of sulphuric acid solution required to completely neutralize
25 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution?
Berapakah isi padu 0.5 mol dm-3 asid sulfurik diperlukan untuk meneutralkan lengkap 25 cm3
0.5 mol dm-3 larutan natrium hidroksida?
A

12.50 cm3

25.00 cm3

50.00 cm3

75.50 cm3

20

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The following chemical equation shows the reaction of preparation lead(II) iodide salt.
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas penyediaan garam plumbum(II) iodida.
Pb (NO3)2 (aq)
Pb (NO3)2 (ak)

+ 2KI(aq)
+ 2KI(ak)

PbI2 (s)
PbI2 (p)

+ 2KNO3(aq)
+ 2KNO3(ak)

What is the volume of potassium iodide 0.5 mol dm-3 solution needed to produce 4.61 g lead(II)
iodide salt?
Berapakah isipadu larutan kalium iodida 0.5 mol dm-3 yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan
4.61g garam plumbum(II) iodida?
[Relative atomic mass of Pb= 207, I= 127]
[Jisim atom relatif P= 207, I= 127]

47

20 cm3

40 cm3

400 cm3

1440 cm3

Diagram 12 shows the stages I, II, III and IV in the Contact Process during the preparation of
sulphuric acid.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan peringkat I, II, III dan IV bagi penyediaan asid sulfurik melalui proses
Sentuh.
S

SO2

II

SO3

III

H 2S 2O 7

IV

Which of the following chemicals is used at each stage?


Antara bahan kimia berikut, yang manakah digunakan pada peringkat itu?

A
B
C
D

I
O2
O2
O2
H 2O

II
O2
O2
H 2O
O2

III
H 2O
H2SO4
O2
H2SO4

IV
H2SO4
H 2O
H2SO4
O2

21

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H2SO4

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48

Diagram 13 shows the set up of the apparatus for an experiment to determine the rate of reaction
between sodium thiosulphate solution and sulphuric acid solution.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen untuk menentukan kadar tindak balas
antara natrium tiosulfat dengan asid sulfurik.

Sodium thiosulphate solution and sulphuric acid

Larutan natrium tiosulfat dan asid sulfurik

DIAGRAM 13
RAJAH 13
Which of the following combination of conditions take the longest time for the mark X to disappear
from sight?
Antara kombinasi keadaan berikut, yang manakah mengambil masa paling lama untuk tanda X
hilang daripada penglihatan?

Sulphuric acid solution


Larutan asid Sulfurik

Volume/cm3
Isipadu/cm3

Sodium thiosulphate solution


Larutan natrium tiosulfat

Concentration/
Concentration/
mol dm-3
mol dm-3
Volume/cm3
Kepekatan/
Kepekatan/
Isipadu/cm3
mol dm-3
mol dm-3

Temperature/ 0C
Suhu/0C

10

1.0

50

0.5

30

10

1.0

50

0.5

40

10

0.5

50

0.5

30

20

0.5

40

0.5

40

22

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Diagram 14 shows the structural formula of carbon compound J


Rajah 14 di bawah menunjukkan formula struktur sebatian karbon J
H H H
H
|
|
|
|
HCC C = C H
|
|
H H
DIAGRAM 14
RAJAH 14
Which of the following statements are true?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?
[Relative atomic mass of H = 1, C = 12 ]
[Jisim atom relatif H = 1, C = 12 ]
I

Empirical formula of J is C4H8


Formula empirik J ialah C4H8

II

Name of the compound J is but-1-ene


Nama sebatian J ialah but-1-ena

III

Hydration of compoud J produce butan-1ol


Penghidratan sebatian J menghasilkan butan-1-ol

IV

Complete combustion of compound J produce carbon dioxide gas and water


Pembakaran lengkap sebatian J menghasilkan gas karbon dioksida dan air

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

III and IV only


III dan IV sahaja

I, II and III only


I, II dan III sahaja

II, III and IV only


II, III dan IV sahaja

23

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Metal W is between iron and copper in the reactivity series of metal.


The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements.
Logam W berada di antara ferum dan kuprum dalam siri kereaktifan logam.
Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu
Which of the following metal oxides can be reduced by metal W?
Antara oksida logam berikut, yang manakah boleh diturunkan oleh logam W?
A

Zinc oxide
Zink oksida

Silver oxide
Argentum oksida

Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida

END OF QUESTION PAPER


KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

24

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1. Table 1 shows proton number and nucleon number for atom W, X and Y.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton dan nombor nukleon bagi atom W, X dan Y.
Atom
W

Proton number /
Nombor Proton
11

Nucleon number /
Nombor Nukleon
23

17

35

17

37

TABLE / JADUAL 1
(a)

(i) What is meant by proton number?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan nombor proton ?
..............................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) What is the number of neutron in atom W ?
Apakah bilangan neutron dalam atom W?

(b)

.........................................................
[1 mark]
Which atoms are isotopes? Explain why.
Atom atom yang manakah adalah isotop? Jelaskan mengapa.
..................................................................................................................................

(c)

..................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
Write the electron arrangement of atom X .
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom X.
................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d)

(i)

Draw the electron arrangement of atom Y. In your diagram , show the


number of proton and the number of neutron in the nucleus.
Lukiskan susunan elektron atom Y. Dalam rajah anda, tunjukkan
bilangan proton dan bilangan neutron dalam nukleus.

[2 marks]

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(ii)

(iii)

What is the number of valence electron of atom Y?


Apakah bilangan elektron valen bagi atom Y?
................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Write the formula of ion Y.
Tuliskan formula ion Y.
....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(e)

Write the symbol of atom X in the form of


Tuliskan simbol bagi atom X dalam bentuk

A
Z
A
Z

X.
X.

.................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
2

Diagram 2 shows the symbols of atom for element U, V, W and X.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan simbol- simbol atom bagi unsur U, V, W dan X.

7
3

12
6

19
9

20
10

DIAGRAM / RAJAH 2
(a) Write the electron arrangement of atom W.
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom W.
............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(b) (i)

Element U, V, W and X are placed in the same period in the Periodic Table.
State the period.
Unsur U, V, W dan X berada dalam kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.
Nyatakan kala itu.
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) Compare the atomic size of element V and X.


Bandingkan saiz atom unsur V dan X.
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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(iii) Explain your answer in (b) (ii)


Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (b) (ii).
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[2 marks ]
(c) Element V can react with element W to form a compound.
Unsur V boleh bertindak balas dengan unsur W membentuk satu sebatian.
(i) Write the chemical formula for the compound.
Tuliskan formula kimia bagi sebatian itu.
.................................................................................................................................
[1 mark ]
(ii) State one physical property for the compound formed.
Nyatakan satu sifat fizikal bagi sebatian yang terbentuk.
...............
[1 mark ]
(d) When element U react with element W, a compound is produced.
Apabila unsur U bertindak balas dengan unsur W, satu sebatian terhasil.
(i) State the type of the compound produced.
Nyatakan jenis sebatian yang terhasil.
......................................................................................................................
[1 mark ]
(ii) Draw the electron arrangement for the compound in (d) (i).
Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi sebatian dalam (d) (i).

[2 marks]

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Diagram 3 shows the set-up of apparatus of a voltaic cell.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas satu sel kimia.

V
Zinc
Plate /
Kepingan
zink

Copper plate / Kepingan kuprum


Copper (II) nitrate solution /
Larutan kuprum (II) nitrat

DIAGRAM / RAJAH 3.1


Based on Diagram 3 , answer the following questions.
Berdasarkan Rajah 3, jawab soalan- soalan berikut:
(a)

(b)

(c)

What is the energy change that occurs in the voltaic cell?


Apakah perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dalam sel kimia?
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Write the formula of all ions in copper (II) sulphate solution.
Tuliskan formula semua ion dalam larutan kuprum (II) sulfat.
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(i)
Name the negative terminal of the voltaic cell.
Namakan terminal negatif bagi sel kimia.
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii)

Explain your answer in (b)(i).


Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (b)(i).
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d)

(i)

State one observation at copper plate.


Nyatakan satu pemerhatian pada kepingan kuprum.
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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(ii)

Write the half equation for the reaction occur at the copper plate.
Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi tindak balas yang berlaku pada
kepingan kuprum.
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(e)

What is the colour change of the copper(II)sulphate solution? Explain your


answer.
Apakah perubahan warna larutan kuprum (II) sulfat ? Jelaskan jawapan anda.
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(f)

Another experiment is carried out by replacing the zinc plate with P , Q and R
metals.
Table 3.2 shows the results.
Eksperimen lain dijalankan bagi menggantikan kepingan zink dengan logam P,
Q dan R.
Jadual 3.2 menunjukkan keputusannya.
Pair of metal/
Pasangan logam

Voltage/
Voltan (V)

Negative terminal/
Terminal negative

P/Cu

2.7

Q/Cu

2.0

R/Cu

0.5

TABLE/ JADUAL 3.2


(i) Arrange P, Q, R and Cu metal in accending order of electropositivity.
Susunkan logam P, Q, R dan Cu mengikut tertib menaik keelektropositifan.
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Predict the voltage for pair of Q/R.
Ramalkan nilai voltan bagi pasangan Q/R
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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(a)

Diagram 4.1 shows the set-up of apparatus to prepare soap.


Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menyediakan sabun.
Distilled water / Air suling
+
Sodium chloride / Natrium klorida

Palm oil /
Minyak sawit
+
Solution/ Larutan P

Cool/ Sejukkan
Heat /
Panaskan

Soap/
Sabun
Mixture/
Larutan

DIAGRAM / RAJAH 4.1


(i)

(ii)

Name the process of preparing soap.


Namakan proses penyediaan sabun.
.
[1 mark]
Name the solution P.
Namakan larutan P.
.
[1 mark]

(iii)

State the purpose of adding sodium chloride to the reaction mixture in


the experiment.
Nyatakan tujuan menambahkan natrium klorida kepada campuran
tindak balas dalam eksperimen itu.
.
[1 mark]

(iv)

Diagram 4.2 shows the structure of a soap ion.


Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan struktur satu ion sabun.
CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2
CH 2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2

Part / Bahagian X

C-O||
O

Part/ Bahagian Y

DIAGRAM/RAJAH 4.2
Which part is soluble in the water and grease based on Diagram 4.2?
Bahagian manakah yang larut dalam air dan gris berdasarkan

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Rajah 4.2?
Water/air:
Grease/gris: .
[1 mark]
(b)

Glass and ceramic are widely used in our daily life.


Kaca dan seramik digunakan secara meluas dalam kehidupan harian.
(i)

Name a chemical of the main component of glass and ceramic


Namakan bahan kimia yang menjadi bahan utama dalam kaca dan
seramik
.
[1 mark]

(ii)

State a reason why glass is used as laboratory apparatus instead of metal.


Nyatakan satu alasan mengapa kaca digunakan sebagai radas makmal
bukannya logam.

[1 mark]

(iii)

Test tube
Tabung uji

Beaker
Bikar

Combustion tube
Tiub Pembakaran

DIAGRAM/RAJAH 4.3
State the type of glass that used in making the apparatus in Diagram 4.3
Nyatakan jenis kaca yang digunakan untuk membuat alat radas dalam
Rajah 4.3

[1 mark]
(c)

Photo chromic glass is a composite material.


Kaca fotokromik adalah salah satu bahan komposit
(i)

What is composite material?


Apakah bahan komposit?
.
[1 mark]

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(ii)

Name one of the component in photo chromic glass?


Namakan salah satu daripada komposisi dalam kaca fotokromik?
.
[1 mark]

(iii)

State one of the characteristic of lenses made from photo chromic glass.
Nyatakan satu ciri lensa yang diperbuat daripada kaca fotokromik.
.
[1 mark]

Table 5 shows the formulae of three organic compounds.


Jadual 5 menunjukkan formula bagi tiga sebatian organik

Organic compound
Sebatian organik
Butan-1-ol
Butan-1-ol
Butanoic acid
Asid Butanoik
But-1-ene
But-1-ena

Formula
Formula
C4H10O
C4H8O2
C 4H 8

TABLE / JADUAL 5
Use the information in Table 5 to answer the following questions.
Gunakan maklumat dalam Jadual 5 untuk menjawab soalan berikut.
(a)

Name the homologous series for butan-1-ol.


Namakan siri homolog bagi butan-1-ol
..
[ 1 mark ]

(b)

(i)

Draw the structural formula of butan-1-ol


Lukiskan formula struktur bagi butan-1-ol

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[ 1 mark ]
(ii)

The following structural formula is isomer of butanol.


Formula struktur berikut ialah isomer bagi butanol
CH3
CH3 -

- CH3

OH
Name the isomer.
Namakan isomer itu.
.
[ 1 mark ]
(c )

Butan-1-ol can react with butanoic acid to form compound X and water.
Butan-1-ol boleh bertindak balas dengan asid butanoik untuk menghasilkan
sebatian X dan air.
(i)

(ii)

What is the name of this reaction?


Apakah nama tindak balas ini.
.
[ 1 mark ]
Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas itu.
.
[ 1 mark ]

(iii)

State one physical property of compound X.


Nyatakan satu sifat fizik bagi sebatian X.
.
[ 1 mark ]

(d)

Dehydration of butan-1-ol using porous pot chips produce but-1-ene.


Draw the set up of apparatus used in the dehydration.
Pengdehidratan butan-1-ol menggunakan serpihan pasu berliang menghasilkan
but-1-ena. Lukiskan susunan radas yang digunakan dalam pengdehidratan itu.

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[ 2 marks ]
(e)

When but-1-ene is mixed with bromine water , a reaction occur.


Apabila but-1-ena dicampurkan dengan air bromin , satu tindak balas berlaku.
(i)

(ii)

Name the reaction .


Namakan tindak balas itu.
.
[ 1 mark ]
State one observation in the reaction.
Nyatakan satu pemerhatian dalam tindak balas itu.
.
[ 1 mark ]

6 Diagram 6 shows the set- up of apparatus to investigate the reaction between potassium
iodide solution and chlorine water through the transfer of electrons at a distance..
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menyiasat tindak balas di antara larutan kalium
iodide dan air klorin melalui pemindahan elektron pada satu jarak.

G
Electrode P

Electrode Q

Potassium iodide
solution

Chlorine water

Dilute sulphuric acid


DIAGRAM / RAJAH 6

(a) What is the function of dilute sulphuric acid?


Apakah fungsi asid sulfurik cair?

[1 mark ]
(b) On the diagram 6, draw the direction of the flow of electrons.

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Pada rajah 6, lukiskan arah pengaliran elektron elektron.


[1 mark ]

(c)

(i) What is the colour change in the solution around electrode P?


Apakah perubahan warna dalam larutan di sekitar elektrod?
..................................................................................................................................
[1 mark ]
(ii) Describe a chemical test to determine the product formed in the solution at
electrode P.
Huraikan satu ujian kimia untuk menentukan hasil yang terbentuk dalam larutan
di elektrod P.
..............
...............
[2 marks ]

(d) What is the substance that is being oxidised in the experiment? Explain why.
Apakah bahan yang dioksidakan dalam eksperimen?Terangkan mengapa.
.....
.....
[2 marks ]
(e) Write a half equation for the reaction that occurs at electrode Q.
Tuliskan satu persamaan setengah bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod Q.
....
[1 mark ]
(f) Suggest another reagent that can replace chlorine water.
Cadangkan reagen lain yang boleh menggantikan air klorin.
....................
[1 mark ]
(g) What is the change in oxidation number of chlorine in the reaction?
Apakah perubahan nombor pengoksidaan bagi klorin dalam tindak balas?
......
[1 mark ]

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Section B
[20 marks]
Answer any one question.
The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes.

(a)

Table 7 shows the incomplete observation for two experiments to


construct balanced chemical equation.
Jadual 7 menunjukkan pemerhatian yang tidak lengkap bagi dua eksperimen
untuk membina persamaan kimia yang seimbang.
Experiment
Eksperimen
A

Procedure
Prosedur
Copper(II)carbonate is heated
and the gas produced is passed
through lime water.
Kuprum(II)karbonat
dipanaskan dan gas yang
terhasil dialirkan melalui air
kapur.
Potassium iodide solution is
added to lead(II) nitrate
solution.
Larutan kalium iodida
ditambah kepada larutan
plumbum(II)nitrat.

Observation
Pemerhatian
Green solid turns black.
The lime water turns milky.
Pepejal hijau menjadi hitam.
Air kapur menjadi keruh.

TABLE / JADUAL 7
(i)

Based on the observation, name the products in experiment A and write


the chemical equation for the reaction.
Berdasarkan pemerhatian , namakan hasil tindak balas dalam
eksperimen A dan tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas itu.
[ 3 marks ]

(ii)

State one observation in experiment B and name the product.


Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Nyatakan satu pemerhatian dalam eksperimen B dan namakan
hasil tindak balas itu. Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas
itu.
[ 4 marks ]

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(b)

The reaction between acid , HX and ionic compound , QY2 can be represented
by chemical equation below.
Tindak balas antara asid , HX dan sebatian ion , QY2 boleh diwakili oleh
persamaan kimia di bawah.
2HX(aq) +QY2(aq) QX2(s) + 2HY(aq).
State three statement to describe the chemical equation above.
Suggest an acid of HX and an ionic compound of QY2.
Nyatakan tiga pernyataan untuk menghuraikan persamaan kimia di atas.
Cadangkan asid HX dan sebatian ion QY2.
[ 5 marks]

(c)

The information below is regarding substance X


Maklumat di bawah berkaitan dengan bahan X

Carbon 85.70%
Karbon

Hydrogen 14.30%
Hidrogen

Relative molecular mass = 56


Jisim molekul relatif

(i)

Determine the empirical formula of substance X.


[Given that the relative atomic mass of C = 12 , H = 1]
Tentukan formula empirik bagi sebatian X
[Diberi jisim atom relatif C = 12 , H = 1]

(ii)

Determine the molecular formula of substance X.


Tentukan formula molekul bagi bahan X.

(iii)

Based on the answers in (a)(i) and (a)(ii) , compare and


contrast the empirical formula and the molecular formula.
Berdasarkan jawapan dalam (a)(i) dan (a)(ii), banding dan
bezakan formula empirik dan formula molekul.
[ 8 marks]

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(a)

State three factors affecting the rate of reaction.


Nyatakan tiga faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar suatu tindak balas.
[3 marks]

(b)

An experiment is carried out to study the rate of reaction between magnesium


and hydrochloric acid. The time taken by magnesium to dissolve in acid in each
experiment is recorded in Table 8.
Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara
magnesium dan asid hidroklorik. Masa magnesium larut di dalam asid dalam
setiap eksperimen dicatat seperti dalam jadual 8

Experiment
Eksperimen

Reactant
Bahan tindak balas
20 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid +
2 g of magnesium strip

Temperature
suhu
(0C)

Time
masa
(s)

30

120

30

60

30

40

30

45

20 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.5 mol dm-3 +


2 g pita magnesium
20 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid +
2 g of magnesium strip
II
20 cm3 asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm-3 +
2 g pita magnesium
20 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid +
2 g of magnesium powder
III
20 cm3asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm-3 +
2 g serbuk magnesium
20 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid +
2 g of magnesium strip +
5 drops of copper(II) sulphate solution
IV
20 cm3 asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm-3 +
2 g pita magnesium + 5 titik larutan kuprum(II)
sulfat
TABLE/JADUAL 8
(i)

Write an ionic equation for the reaction between magnesium and acid.
Tuliskan persamaan ionik yang berlaku antara magnesium dan asid.
[1 mark]

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(ii)

Compare the rate of reaction for


experiment I and experiment II,
experiment II and experiment III.
experiment II and experiment IV
Explain your answer based on the collision theory.

Bandingkan kadar tindak balas antara


eksperimen I dan eksperimen II
eksperimen II dan eksperimen III
eksperimen II dan eksperimen IV
Terangkan jawapan andaberdasarkan teori perlanggaran
[9 marks]
(iii)

(c)

If experiment II is repeated at 40 0C, predict the time taken for the 2 g


magnesium to dissolve completely. Explain your answer.
Jika eksperimen II diulangi pada suhu 40 0C, cadangkan masa yang
diambil untuk 2 g magnesium larut sepenuhnya. Jelaskan jawapan anda.
[3 marks]

Based on the collision theory, explain why we need to store fresh milk in a
refrigerator.
Berdasarkan Teori Perlanggaran, terangkan mengapa kita perlu menyimpan
susu segar dalam peti sejuk.
[4 marks]

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Section C
[20 marks]
Answer any one question.
The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes
9

(a)

Diagram 9 shows the reactions involved in the preparation of soluble salts.

Sodium salts /
Garam natrium
Potassium salts /
Garam kalium
Ammonium salt /
Garam ammonium

Soluble salts /
Garam larut

Asid + alkali salt + water


Asid + alkali garam + air

Reaction / Tindak balas X


Other salts /
Garam lain

Reaction / Tindak balas Y

Reaction / Tindak balas Z


DIAGRAM/ RAJAH 9
(i)

Sodium, potassium and ammonium salts can be prepared using reaction


between acid and alkali. State the reaction X, Y and Z.
Garam natrium, kalium dan ammonium dapat disediakan melalui tindak
balas antara asid dan alkali. Nyatakan tindak balas X, Y dan Z.
[3 marks]

(ii)

By choosing one of the reactions in (a) (i), suggest example of reactants


used and products formed.
Write the chemical equation for the reaction based on your suggestion.
Dengan memilih satu daripada tindak balas dalam (a) (i), cadangkan
contoh bahan- bahan tindak balas yang digunakan dan hasil-hasil
tindak balas yang terbentuk.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas berdasarkan cadangan
anda itu.
[3 marks]

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(b)
Magnesium sulphate is a soluble salt.
Magnesium sulfat adalah garam terlarutkan.
Answer the following questions based on the above statement.
Jawab soalan- soalan berikut berdasarkan pernyataan di atas.
(i)

(ii)

10

Describe a laboratory experiment to prepare a dry magnesium sulphate.


In your description, include the chemical equation involved.
Huraikan satu eksperimen makmal untuk menyediakan garam
magnesium sulfat yang kering. Dalam huraian anda sertakan persamaan
kimia bagi tindak balas yang terlibat.
[10 marks]
Describe a simple chemical test of how you could differentiate between
magnesium sulphate and magnesium nitrate.
Huraikan satu ujian kimia ringkas bagaimana anda membezakan antara
larutan magnesium sulfat dan magnesium nitrat.
[4 marks]

Table 10 shows the molecular formula and heat of combustion of three types of alcohol.
Jadual 10 menunjukkan formula molekul dan haba pembakaran bagi tiga jenis alkohol.
Alcohol/
Alkohol

Molecular formula /
Formula molekul

Haba pembakaran /
Heat of combustion
(kJ mol -1)

Methanol

CH3OH

725

Ethanol

C2H5OH

1 376

Propan-1-ol

C3H7OH

2 015

TABLE / JADUAL 10
(a)

(i)

What is the meaning of the heat of combustion of an alcohol?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan haba pembakaran alkohol?
[ 1 mark]

(ii)

Explain why there are differences in the value of heat of combustion of


the alcohols in Table 10.
Terangkan mengapa terdapat perbezaan nilai haba pembakaran bagi
alkohol-alkohol dalam Jadual 10.
[ 3 marks]

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 2

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(b)

Describe an experiment that you can carry out in your school laboratory to
determine the heat of combustion of one of the alcohol in Table 10. Your
description should include precautionary steps and the steps involved in the
calculation.
Huraikan satu eksperimen yang anda boleh jalankan di makmal sekolah anda
bagi menentukan haba pembakaran salah satu alkohol dalam Jadual 10.
Huraian anda perlu mengandungi langkah berjaga-jaga dan langkah-langkah
perhitungan yang terlibat.
[12 marks]

(c)

In another experiment to determine the heat of precipitation of lead (II) sulphate,


50.0 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 lead(II) nitrate solution is reacted with 50.0 cm3 of 2.0
mol dm-3 sodium sulphate solution. Increment of the temperature in the mixture
is 10 oC.
Dalam satu eksperimen lain bagi menentukan haba pemendakan plumbum(II)
sulfat, sejumlah 50 cm3 larutan plumbum(II) nitrat 2.0 mol dm-3 dicampur
dengan 50 cm3 larutan natrium sulfat 2.0 mol dm-3. Kenaikan suhu campuran
ialah 10 oC.
The equation for the reaction is :
Persamaan bagi tindak balas tersebut adalah :
Pb(NO3)2 + Na2SO4

PbSO4 + 2NaNO3

Calculate the value of the heat of precipitation of lead(II) sulphate in this


reaction.
Hitungkan haba pemendakan plumbum(II) sulfat dalam eksperimen ini.
[Use the information that the specific heat capacity of water is 4.2 J g -1 oC-1 ]
[Gunakan maklumat muatan haba tentu larutan adalah 4.2 J g -1 oC-1 ]
[4 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 3

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4541/3
For
Examiners
Use

Answer all questions


The time suggested to complete Question 1 and Question 2 is 45 minutes
1 A student carried out two experiments to determine the concentration of HX acid solution.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan dua eksperimen untuk menentukan kepekatan larutan asid HX.
Experiment I
Eksperimen I
Titration of HX acid solution of unknown concentration with 20cm3 of sodium hydroxide
solution 1.0 mol dm-3 using phenolftalein as indicator.
Pentitratan larutan asid HX yang tidak diketahui kepekatannya dengan 20cm3 larutan
natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 menggunakan penunjuk fenolftalein.
Experiment II
Eksperimen II
Titration of similar HX acid solution of difference concentration with 20cm3 of sodium
hydroxide solution 1.0 mol dm-3 using phenolftalein as indicator.
Pentitratan larutan asid HX lain yang tidak diketahui kepekatannya dengan 20cm3 larutan
Natrium Hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 menggunakan penunjuk fenolftalein.

Diagram 1 shows the initial and final burette readings for both experiments.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan bacaan awal dan bacaan akhir buret bagi kedua-dua eksperimen.

Experiment 1
Eksperimen 1

20

21

Initial burette reading


Bacaan awal buret

Final burette reading


Bacaan akhir buret

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 3

4541/3
For
Examiners
Use

Experiment II
Eksperimen II

15

25

16

26

Initial burette reading


Bacaan awal buret

Final burette reading


Bacaan akhir buret
Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a) Construct a table to record the initial and final burette readings and the volumes of the acid
used for both experiments.
Bina jadual dan catat bacaan awal dan bacaan akhir buret serta isipadu asid yang digunakan
bagi kedua-dua eksperimen di atas.

1(a)
[ 3 marks]

(b) State the colour change of phenolftalein in the titration.


Nyatakan perubahan warna fenolftalein dalam titratan tersebut.

1(b)

..
[ 3 marks]

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 3

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For
Examiners
Use

(c) The chemical equation for the reaction in the experiment is :


Persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas dalam eksperimen ini ialah :
HX +

NaOH

NaX

H2O

Calculate the concentration of HX acid solutions used in both experiments.


Hitung kepekatan larutan asid HX yang digunakan dalam kedua-dua eksperimen.
Experiment I
Eksperimen I

Experiment II
Eksperimen II

1(c)

[ 3 marks]

(d) State the hypothesis in this experiment.


Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.

1(d)

..
..
[ 3 marks]

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(e) If HX acid is replaced with sulphuric acid of the same concentration, it is found that the volume
of the sulphuric acid used in the titration is half of the volume of HX acid. Explain why.
Jika asid HX digantikan dengan asid sulfurik yang mempunyai kepekatan yang sama, didapati
isipadu asid sulfurik yang digunakan dalam titratan ialah separuh daripada isipadu asid HX.
Terangkan mengapa.

For
Examiners
Use

1(e)

[ 3 marks]

Diagram 2 shows the apparatus set-up for an experiment to compare the heat of combustion of
methanol and ethanol. 200 cm3 of water is used in this experiment.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperiment untuk membandingkan
Haba pembakaran antara metano dengan etanol. 200 cm3 air digunakan dalam ekperimen ini.

Thermometer
Thermometer

Wind shield
Penghadang
Copper container
Bekas kuprum
Water
Air
Tripod stand
Tungku kaki tiga
Spirit lamp
Pelita

Alcohol
Alkohol

Wooden block
Blok kayu

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

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Total

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 3

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The table below shows the results obtained from the experiment I the heat of combustion of
methanol and experiment II the heat of combustion of ethanol.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen I haba pembakaran methanol
dan eksperimen II haba pembakaran etanol.
Experiment I
Eksperimen I

Experiment II
Eksperimen II

25

25

20

20

15

15

Initial temperature of water: ..................


Suhu awal air

Initial temperature of water: .........................


Suhu awal air

65

65

60

60

55

55

Highest temperature of water: ...........................


Suhu tertinggi air

150.50

Highest temperature of water: ..........................


Suhu tertinggi air

151.35

Initial mass of spirit lamp and methanol: .............g


Jisim awal pelita dan metanol

Initial mass of spirit lamp and ethanol: ....... g


Jisim awal pelita dan metanol

150.50

149.37
Final mass of spirit lamp and methanol: ......g
Jisim akhir pelita dan metanol

Final mass of spirit lamp and ethanol: ............. g


Jisim akhir pelita dan etanol

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 3

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4541/3

(a) Write the readings of the temperature and the mass of spirit lamp and alcohol in the spaces above.
Tuliskan bacaan suhu dan jisim pelita dan alkohol dalam ruangan di atas.
[3 marks]

For
Examiners
Use
2(a)

(b) Based on the information above, complete the table below.


Berdasarkan kepada maklumat di atas lengkapkan jadual di bawah.
Name of variables
Nama pemboleh ubah
(i) Manipulated variable:
Pemboleh ubah dimanipulaskan:

Action to be taken
Tindakan yang dibuat
(i) The way to manipulate variable:
Cara mengubah pemboleh ubah
dimanipulasi:

............
....................
...........
....................
(ii) Responding variable:
Pemboleh ubah bergerak balas:

(ii) What to observe in the responding variable:


Apa yang diperhatikan bagi menentukan
pemboleh ubah gerak balas:

....................

....................
(iii) Fixed variable:
Pemboleh ubah yang dimalarkan:

(iii) The way to maintain the controlled variable:


Cara menetapkan pemboleh ubah dimalarkan :

...

...

2(b)

[3 marks]
(c) (i) Calculate the energy change in the experiment I and II.
Hitungkan perubahan tenaga dalam eksperimen I dan II
[Given: Energy change = mc, specific heat capacity of water, c = 4.2 Jg-1oC]
[Diberi: perubahan tenaga = mc, muatan haba tentu air, c = 4.2 Jg-1oC]

2(c)(ii)

[3 marks]

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(ii) Calculate the number of moles of methanol and ethanol burnt in this experiment.
Hitungkan bilangan mol methanol dan etanol yang terbakar dalam eksperimen ini.
[Molar mass of methanol = 32 g mol-1] [Molar mass of ethanol = 46 g mol-1]
[Jisim molar metanol = 32 g mol-1]
[Jisim molar etanol = 46 g mol-1]

For
Examiners
Use

2(c)(ii)

[3 marks]
(iii) Calculate the heat of combustion of methanol in this experiment.
Hitungkan haba pembakaran metanol dalam eksperimen ini.

2(c)(iii)

[3 marks]
(d) Predict the heat of combustion of ethanol compare to the heat combustion of methanol.
Ramalkan haba pembakaran etanol berbanding dengan haba pembakaran methanol.
2(d)

[3 marks]
Total

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The further the distance between two metals in the electrochemical series,
the bigger the potential difference.
Semakin jauh kedudukan pasangan logam dalam siri elektrokimia,
semakin besar nilai voltan.

You are given the copper strip, lead strip, iron strip, zinc strip, aluminium strip, magnesium strip
and copper(II) sulphate solution.Referring to the statement above, plan a laboratory experiment to
construct the electrochemical series of the potential differences using different pair of metals.
Your explanation should include all the followings:
Anda dibekalkan dengan kepingan kuprum, kepingan plumbum, kepingan ferum, kepingan zink,
kepingan aluminium, kepingan magnesium dan larutan kuprum(II) sulfat. Merujuk kepada situasi
di atas, rancangkan satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk membina siri elektrokimia .
Penerangan anda hendaklah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut:
(a) Aim of the experment
Tujuan eksperimen
(b) All the variables
Semua pemboleh ubah yang terlibat
(c ) Statement of the hypothesis
Pernyataan hipotesis
(d) List of materials and apparatus
Senarai bahan dan alat radas
(e) Procedure of the experiment
Prosedur eksperimen
(f) Tabulation of data
Penjadualan data
[ 17 marks ]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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SPM Chemistry skema gerak gempur paper 1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

A
C
A
C
D
D
C
C
D
A
C
D
D
D
C
C
C
B
C
C

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

A
A
C
C
C
C
D
D
C
B
D
D
C
B
C
D
A
C
D
C

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41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

A
A
C
A
A
B
B
C
D
B

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 1

4541/2

Section A
1

(a) (i)
(ii)

The number of protons in an atom


12

1
1

(b)

X and Y
Because same proton number/the number of proton but difference
number of neutron/nucleon number

2.8.7

(c)

(d) (i)

17p
18n
Electron arrangement
Label 17p & 18n
(ii)
(iii)
(e)

1
1
1
1

7
Y35
17

10
2

(a)

2.7

(b) (i)
(ii)

Period 2
Atomic size of X is smaller than V // Atomic size of V bigger than
X.
The number of proton in atom X is more than V.
The attraction by the nucleus on electron in atom X is stronger than
V.
or
The number of proton in atom V is less than X.
The attraction by the nucleus on electron in atom V is weaker than
X.

1
1

(iii)

(c) (i)
(ii)
(d) (i)

1
1
1
1...2

VW4
has low melting / boiling point // cannot conduct electricity
in any state // soluble in organic solvent

Ionic compound

(ii)

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 2

4541/2

[Number of electron each shells are correct]


[Number of charge symbol are correct]

1
1
10

(a)

Chemical to electrical

(b)

Cu2+, H+, OH- and SO42-

(c) (i)
(ii)

Zinc
Zinc atom releases electrons//Zinc more electropositive // Zn above
in electrochemical series

1
1

Brown solid deposited


Cu2+ + 2e Cu

1
1

Blue to colourless// Blue become fade/ paler // The intensity of


blue colour decreases.
The number of copper(II) ions decreases //The concentration of
copper(II) ions decr

Cu, R, Q, P
1.5 V

1
1

(d)

(i)
(ii)

(e)

(f)

(i)
(ii)

10
4

(a) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

Saponification
Concentrated sodium hydroxide solution
to lower the solubility of soap
Water: x
Grease: y

1
1
1
1

(b) (i)
(ii)
(iii)

silicon dioxide
inert towards chemicals
Borosilicate glass

1
1
1

(c) (i)

Structural material that is formed by combining two or more


different subtances.
silver bromide / Copper(I) chloride
darken when exposed to sunlight

1
1

(ii)
(iii)
5

(a) (i)

10
1

alcohol

(b) (i)
H

C-O-H

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 3

(ii)

H
H
2-methylpropan-2-ol

4541/2

H
1

(c) (i)
(ii)
(iii)

Esterification
C4H9OH + C3H7COOH C3H7COOC4H9 + H2O
Insoluble in water // sweet smell // volatile

1
1
1

(d)

[Functional diagram]
[Label]

1
1

Addition reaction
The colour of bromine water change from brown to colourless

1
1

(e)

(i)
(ii)

10
6

(a)
(b)

To allow the movement of ions.


e

1
G

e
e

Electrode P

Electrode Q

Potassium iodide
solution

Chlorine water

Dilute sulphuric acid

1
(c) (i)
(ii)

Colourless change to brown


Place a few drops of starch solution.
A blue precipitate is formed.

1
1
1

(d)

Iodide ion // potassium iodide


Loss electron//increase in oxidation number

1
1

(e)

Cl2 + 2e 2Cl-

(f)

Bromine water // acidified KMnO4 solution // acidified K2Cr2O7


solution

(g)

0 to -1

1
10
Section B

(a)

(i)

Copper(II)oxide
Carbon dioxide
CuCO3 CuO + CO2

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1
1
1...3

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 4


(ii)

(b)

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Yellow precipitate
Lead(II) iodide

1
1

2KI + Pb(NO3)2 PbI2 + 2KNO3


Formula of reactants and products are correct
Balance

1
1...4

XH react with QY2 to produce QX2 and HY //


Reactants : XH and QY2 Products : QX2 and HY

HX aqueous solution react with QY2 aqueous solution to


produce QX2 solid and HY aqueous solution

2 mole of HX react with 1 mole of QY2 to produce


1 mole of QX2 and 2 mole of HY.

HX : Hydrochloric acid / HCl


QY2 : Lead (II)nitrate / Pb(NO3)2
C
H
85.70
14.30
12
1

(c) (i)

7.14
7.14
1

(a)

1
1..3

( CH2 )n = 56

(iii)

14.30
7.14

The empirical formula CH2


(ii)

1
1...5

[ 12 + 2(1) ]n = 56

56 // 4
14
The molecular formula C4H8
Empirical formula
The formula shows that carbon
and hydrogen are present
The formula shows that the
ratio of carbon to hydrogen is
1:2

1
1..3
Molecular formula
The formula shows that carbon
and hydrogen are present
The formula shows that one
molecule of X consists of 4
carbon atoms and 8 hydrogen
atoms

Size of solid particles


Concentration of solution
Temperature
Catalyst
[any three]

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1 + 12
20
1
1
13

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 5

(b)

(i)

Mg + 2H+ Mg2+ + H2

(ii)

Comparing experiment II and experiment I

4541/2

The concentration of hydrochloric acid in experiment II


is higher than experiment I
.

The frequency of collision between H+ ions and


magnesium atom increases.

The frequency of effective collision increases.

Comparing experiment II and experiment III


The total surface area of magnesium in experiment III
is larger than experiment II.

The frequency of collision between H+ ions


and magnesium atom increases.

The frequency of effective collision increases.

Comparing experiment II and experiment IV

(c)

Copper(II) sulphate solution is a catalyst


It lower the activation energy
The number of effective collision increases.

1
1
1.. 9

(iii)

The time taken becomes shorter / less than 60s

When the temperature increases, the kinetic energy of H+


ions increases / H+ ions move faster.

The frequency of effective collision between H+ ions and magnesium


atom increases // The number of effective collision increases.

1........3

The temperature inside the refrigerator is lower


Bacteria are not active at low temperature
Decomposition of milk caused by bacteria will slow down
This will keep the milk fresh for a longer period

1
1
1
1...4

20
Section C
9.
(a) (i)

1. acid and metal oxide


2. acid and reactive metal

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1
1

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 6


3. acid and metal carbonate
(ii) Sample answer
[ Name any acid ] and [ Name any metal / metal oxide / metal carbonate ]
[ Name equivalent salt and water// water + CO2 // water + H2]
[ Balanced equation ]
(b) (i) [chemical substances
[ apparatus
[procedure
[chemical equation

4541/2

1 3
1
1
1 3

- 1 mark]
- 1 mark]
- 7 marks]
- 1 mark]

Sample answer :
1. [chemical substances]
magnesium powder /magnesium oxide(Hydroxide, carbonate)
and sulphuric acid
2. [ apparatus]
Beaker, filter funnel, filter paper, glass rod
3. [procedure]
[20 100] cm3 sulphuric acid [0.5 2.0 ] mol dm-3 is poured into a beaker
4. magnesium powder is added to sulphuric acid until undissolved /excess /
no more effervescence
5. Stir
6. the mixture is filtered
7. the filtrate is evaporated until saturate (one-third of it original volume)
8. the saturated solution is then allowed to cool to room temperature.
9. crystals is dried between filter paper
10. [chemical equation]
Mg + H2SO4 MgSO4 + H2 // MgO + H2SO4 MgSO4 + H2O//
MgCO3 + H2SO4 MgSO4 + CO2 + H2O

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.... 10

(ii) [ test for sulphate ]


1. Each of solution is filled into a two test tube
2. Lead (II) nitrate/ Silver nitrate is added to both of test tube
3. If no change occur magnesium nitrate solution
4. If white precipitate is formed magnesium sulfat solution

1
1
1
1.... 4

OR [test for nitrate]


1. Each of solution is filled into a two test tube
2. [Add] dilute sulphuric acid, Iron (II) sulphate solution, concentrated
sulphuric acid to both of test tube
3. if brown ring is formed magnesium nitrate solution
4. If no changes occur magnesium nitrate solution
10

(a) (i)
(ii)

1
1
1
1... 4
20

The heat given off when one mole of an alcohol is burnt completely in an
excess of oxygen.
As the number of carbon atom increase, the value of heat combustion
increase.

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1
1

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 7

4541/2

The greater the number of carbon atoms, the more products will be
obtained.
More heat is released for the formation of bonds
(b)

1
1

Procedure :
1. Measure [100 -250] cm3 of water and pour it into the copper
container /aluminium can
2. Measure and record the initial temperature of the water.
3. Fill the small lamp with alcohol* then weigh it and record the
initial mass.
4. Light the wick of the lamp.
5. Place the lamp as near as possible to the copper container.//
[ Diagram : Using wooden block ]
6. [The apparatus is protected by a wind shield] // [Diagram]
7. Stir the water continuously.
8. Put out / blown out the flame when the temperature rises [ 10
30 ] oC and record the highest temperature of the water.
9. Weigh the lamp as quickly as possible and record the final mass.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Result :
Initial temperature of the water/ oC
Highest temperature of the water/ oC
Temperature rise of the water/ oC

= T1
= T2
= T2 T1

Initial mass of lamp + alcohol* / g


Final mass of lamp + alcohol* / g
Mass of alcohol that was burnt / g

= m1
= m2
= m1 m2

Calculation :
Energy chage/heat given off

= 200 4.2 (T2 T1)

Number of mole of alcohol

Heat of combustion of alcohol*, H

m1 m2

Mr of alcohol*
=

Energy change
Number of mole of alcohol

200 4.2 (T2 T1)


m1 m2

Mr of alcohol*

(c)
Number of mole of lead(II) nitrate

50 x 2
= 1000 = 0.1 mol

or

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1
13
Max
12

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 2 8

4541/2

Number of mole of sodium sulphate

50 x 2
= 1000 = 0.1 mol

Ratio of mole :
1 mol Pb(NO3)2 / Na2SO4 1 mol PbSO4
0.1 mol Pb(NO3)2 / Na2SO4 0.1 mol PbSO4
Energy chage/heat given off

= 200 4.2 10
= 4200 J

1
1

Heat of precipitation of PbSO4 = 4200


0 .1
= 42000 J mol-1 / 4.2 kJ mol-1
14
20

END OF MARKING SCHEME

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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

Rubric

Score

[Able to exhibit the tabulation of data correctly]


Tabulation of data has the following element :
3 columns and 4 rows
Table contains topics, labeled with two decimal place and unit
Example :
1(a)

Experiment
Initial reading/ cm3
Final reading / cm3
Volume of HX /cm3

I
0.45
20.45
20.00

II
15.45
25.45
10.00

[Able to exhibit the tabulation of data less accurately, without unit/ one
decimal place]
[Able to state an idea about tabulation of data]
Table contains at least two columns and two rows
[ No response or wrong response]
Question
Number

Rubric
[Able to state one observation accurately]
Example :

2
1
0
Score
3

Red/Pink to colourless

1(b)

[Able to state one observation less accurately]


Example :

colourless

[Able to state an idea about the observation]


The colour changes // pink
[ No response or wrong response]

1
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1
0

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

Rubric

Score

[Able to show the calculation of HX acid concentration with the unit for both
experiment correctly]

1(c)

Example :
Experiment I
The concentration of HX acid = (1)(20) / 20
= 1.0 moldm-3
or
(i) Number of mole for NaOH = (1)(20)/1000)
= 0.02 mol
(ii) Based on the equation,
1 mol of NaOH reacts with 1 mol of HX acid,
0.02 mol of NaOH reacts with 0.02 mol of
HX acid.
(iii) Concentration of HX acid = ( 0.02 x 1000 ) / 20
= 1.0 moldm-3
Experiment II
The concentration of HX acid = (1)(20) / 10
= 2.0 moldm-3
or
(i)
Number of mole for NaOH = (1)(20)/1000)
= 0.02 mol
(ii)
Based on the equation,
1 mol of NaOH reacts with 1 mol of HX acid,
0.02 mol of NaOH reacts with 0.02 mol of HX acid.

(iii)

Concentration of HX acid = ( 0.02 x 1000 ) / 10


= 2.0 moldm-3
[Able to show the calculation of HX acid concentration without unit for both
experiment less correctly]

[Able to show an idea to calculate the concentration]


[ No response or wrong response]

1
0

2
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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3


Question
Number

Rubric

Score

[Able to state hypothesis correctly ]


Example :
The higher/lower the concentration of HX acid, the lower/higher the volume of the
acid to neutralize the sodium hydroxide solution / alkali.

1(d)

[Able to state hypothesis almost correct ]


Example :
The lower/higher the volume of the acid to neutralize the alkali, the higher/lower the
concentration of HX acid.

[Able to state an idea about the hypothesis]


Example:
Concentration of the acid affects the volume of acid
[ No response or wrong response]
Question
Number

Rubric

1
0

total number of hydrogen ions in both solution are the same

[Able to state any two of the above mentioned answers less correctly]
[Able to state any one of the above mentioned answers ]
[ No response or wrong response]

Question
Number

score

[Able to compare HX acid with sulphuric acid correctly]


Example :
HX acid is a monoprotic/monobasic acid
Sulphuric acid is a diprotic/dibasic acid
Number of hydrogen ion in 1 mol of sulphuric acid is double of HX acid//
1(e)

2
1
0

Rubric

Score

[Able to write initial and final temperature with one decimal, initial and final

mass of spirit lamp and methanol and ethanol with two decimal in
experiment I and II with unit accurately]
Answer :
o
Experiment I : Initial temperature of water : 25.0 C
o
Highest temperature of water : 65.0 C
2(a)

Initial mass of spirit lamp and methanol: 150.50 g


Final mass of spirit lamp and methanol : 149.37 g
o

Experiment II : Initial temperature of water : 25.0 C

Highest temperature of water : 65.0 oC


Initial mass of spirit lamp and ethanol: 151.35 g
Final mass of spirit lamp and ethanol : 150.50 g
3
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Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3


[Able to write initial and final temperature of water with one decimal without
unit, initial and final mass of spirit lamp and methanol and ethanol with two
decimal in experiment I and II accurately]
[Able to write at least one initial or final temperature of water without unit,
initial or final mass of spirit lamp and methanol and ethanol in experiment I
and II ]

[ No response / wrong response ]


Question
Number

2 (b)

2(c)(i)

1
0

Rubric
[ Able to state three variables and the way to control them correctly ]
Example :
Manipulated variable :
Types of alcohol//ethanol and
Using difference alcohol
methanol
Responding variable :
Heat of combustion
The different of mass of difference
alcohol
Fixed variable :
Volume of water// same increment
Using the same volume of water //
of temperature
same increment of temperature
[ Able to state any pair of variable and action correctly ] ]
[ Able to state any variable and any action correctly // any two variables
correctly // any two action correctly]
[ No response or wrong response]

Question
Number

Rubric
[ Able to show the calculation correctly with unit ]
Example :
Experiment I
Energy change = 200 x 4.2 x 40 = 33 600 J
Experiment II
Energy change = 200 x 4.2 x 40 = 33 600 J
[ Able to show the calculation correctly without unit ]
[ Able to state an idea the calculation the energy change]
[ No response or wrong response]

4
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Score

2
1
0

Score

2
1
0

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

2(c)(ii)

Rubric
[ Able to show the calculation correctly with unit]
Example :
The number of moles methanol = 1.13 = 0.035 mol
32
The number of moles ethanol = 0.85 = 0.018 mol
46
[ Able to show the calculation correctly without unit]
[ Able to state an idea the calculation the number of mole]

2
1
0

[ No response or wrong response]


Question
Number

Score

Rubric
[ Able to show the calculation correctly with unit ]
Example :
The heat combustion of methanol = 33 600 J
0.035
= 960 000 J mol-1 = 960 kJ mol-1

Score

2(c)(iii)
[ Able to show the calculation correctly without unit]
[ Able to state an idea the calculation the heat of combustion of methanol]

2(d)

1
0

[ No response or wrong response]


Question
Number

Rubric
[Able to predict the heat combustion of ethanol correctly]
Example:
Higher than heat combustion of methanol
[Able to state the heat combustion of ethanol]
Example:
1818 kJ mol-1[The heat combustion of ethanol from calculation ]
[Able to state an idea the heat combustion of ethanol]
Example:
same
[ No response or wrong response]

5
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Maxi
mum
Score
3

1
0

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

Rubric

3(a)

[ Able to give the aim of the experiment correctly ]


Example :
To construct the electrochemical series based on the potential differences
between metals
[ Able to give the aim of the experiment incorrectly ]
Example :
To construct the electrochemical series //How to construct an electrochemical
series based on the potential difference between metals?
[ Able to state an idea the aim of the experiment]
Example :
To study the potential difference between the metals
[ No response or wrong response]

Question
Number

3(b)

Question
Number

3(c)

Rubric
[ Able to state All variables correctly ]
Example :
Manipulated variable : Pairs of different metals//Different types of metals
Responding variable : Potential differences
Constant variable : Concentration of Copper(II) sulphate
// positive terminal
[ Able to state any two variables correctly ]
[ Able to state any one variables correctly ]
[ No response or wrong response]
Rubric
[ Able to give the hypothesis correctly]
Example :
The distance between two metals increase/decrease, the potential difference
will increase/ decrease
[ Able to give the hypothesis almost correct]
Example :
The potential difference will increase if the distance between two metals
increase
[ Able to state an idea of the hypothesis ]
Example :
The potential difference affects the position of the metals
[No response or wrong response]

6
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Score

1
0

Score

2
1
0
Score

1
0

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

Rubric

3(d)

[ Able to give the list of the apparatus and materials correctly and
completely]
Example :
List of apparatus and materials
Copper strip, lead strip, iron strip, zinc strip, aluminium strip, magnesium
strip, copper (II) sulphate solution, sand paper, voltmeter, beaker, connecting
wires with crocodile clip
[ Able to give the list of the apparatus and materials correctly and but not
completely]
Example :
List of apparatus and materials
Copper strip, lead strip, zinc strip, magnesium strip[at least 4 metal strips],
copper (II) sulphate solution, voltmeter, connecting wires
[ Able to give an idea about the list of the apparatus and materials correctly]
Example :
Any one apparatus and one material
[No response or wrong response]

Question
Number

3(e)

Rubric
[ Able to state all procedures correctly ]
Example :
1. Clean the metals with sand paper
2. Fill a beaker with copper(II)sulphate solution
3. Dip the magnesium strip and copper strip into the copper(II)sulphate
solution
4. Complete the circuit//switch-on the circuit
5. Record the potential difference between the metals
6. Determine and record which metal strip is the negative terminal
7. Repeat steps 1 to 6 using other metals to replace magnesium strip
[ Able to state 4 steps of procedures correctly ]
Steps 2,3,5,7
[ Able to state 2 steps of procedures correctly ]
Steps 3,5
[No response or wrong response]

7
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Score

1
0

Score

2
1
0

Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry skema paper 3

Question
Number

3(f)

Rubric
[ Able to exhibit the tabulation of data correctly ]
Tabulation of data has the following element :
1. 3 columns and 6 rows
Example :
Pair of metals
Potential difference (V) Negative terminal
Mg and Cu
Al and Cu
Zn and Cu
Pb and Cu
Fe and Cu
[ Able to exhibit the tabulation of data almost correctly ]
Example :
Pair of metals
Potential difference

Score

[ Able to state an idea about the tabulation of data ]


1
[No response or wrong response]

8
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