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Name

Grade XI
Theory

Q1. This question is about the physical chemistry of gases, with particular emphasis on the inert
gas argon. Argon exists in the atmosphere as single atoms.
(a) State two of the assumptions of the kinetic theory as applied to an inert gas.
(June 03 Q2)
(i) ....................................................................................................................................................
..................................
(ii) .....................................................................................................................................................
................................. [2]
(b) How many atoms of argon are present in one mole of the gas?
..........................................................................................................................................................
...................................[1]
(c) You are to calculate the percentage of the volume occupied by the atoms themselves in one
mole of argon at room temperature and pressure.
(i) Use the Data Booklet to calculate the volume of one atom of argon.

(ii) Use your answer to (c)(i) to calculate the volume of one mole of argon atoms.

(iii) State the volume occupied by one mole of argon (assume it to behave as an ideal gas) at
room temperature and
pressure.

..................................................................................................................................

(iv) What percentage of this volume is occupied by the atoms themselves?

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(v) Explain how your answer to (c)(iv) justifies one of your assumptions in
(a). ...................................................................................................................................................
...........................................[5]
(d) Argon is used to fill electric light bulbs. These have a fine filament of a metal wire, usually
tungsten, which glows white hot from its electrical resistance to the current. Suggest why argon,
rather than air, is used to fill electric light bulbs.
..........................................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................... [2]
[Total :
10]
Q2. When used for cutting or welding, ethyne is transported in cylinders which contain the gas
under pressure. A typical cylinder has a volume of 76 dm 3 and contains ethyne gas at 1515 kPa
pressure at a temperature of 25 C. Use the general gas equation, pV = nRT, to calculate the
amount, in moles, of ethyne in this cylinder. (June 2006)

Q3 (a) At sea level and a temperature of 20C an inflated bicycle tyre contains 710cm 3 of air at
an internal pressure of
6 105 Pa. Use the general gas equation PV = nRT to calculate the amount, in moles, of air in
the tyre at sea level.

(b) The same bicycle, with its tyres inflated at sea level as described in (a) above, is placed in the
luggage hold of an airliner. At a height of 10 000m, the temperature in the luggage hold is 5 C
and the air pressure is 2.8 104 Pa.
(June 2011 P21)

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Q4. The kinetic theory of gases is used to explain the large scale (macroscopic) properties of
gases by considering how individual molecules behave.
(June 2011 P23)
(a) State two basic assumptions of the kinetic theory as applied to an ideal gas.
(i)......................................................................................................................................................
.........................................
(ii)......................................................................................................................................................
........................................
(b) State two conditions under which the behaviour of a real gas approaches that of an ideal gas.
(i)......................................................................................................................................................
........................................
(ii)......................................................................................................................................................
.......................................

(c) Place the following gases in decreasing order of ideal behavior.

ammonia, neon,

nitrogen
most ideal ............................................................................................................. least ideal
Explain your answer.

(d) By using the kinetic-molecular model, explain why a liquid eventually becomes a gas as the
temperature is increased.

Q5. CO2 does not behave as an ideal gas.

(Nov

2009 P22)
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(a) State all the basic assumptions of the kinetic theory as applied to an ideal gas.

(b)Suggest one reason why CO2 does not behave as an ideal gas.

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