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SKEMA JAWAPAN SAINS TINGKATAN 5 KERTAS 2

Question

Answer

(a) The higher the concentration of antibiotic, the lower the


growth of bacteria // the bigger the diameter of the clear area.
(b) (i) concentration of antibiotic
(ii)
Growth of bacteria // diameter of clear area
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(iii) The clear area around antibiotic disc of high concentration is
bigger than antibiotic disc of lower concentration.
(iv) Antibiotic is the diameter of the clear area (area without the
growth of bacteria) which is affected by its concentration.

Mark

Marks

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1

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Total

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5

Question

Answer

a) (i) Temperature / Suhu


(ii) Growth of bacteria Appearance of nutrient broth after two
days
b) A suitable temperature is essential for the growth of bacteria //
the higher the temperature, the more cloudy the appearance
of nutrient broth until it reaches 37 oC // Bacteria grows best in
2
temperature 37oC

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Marks
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c) 37C is the most suitable temperature for bacteria to grow

d) Bacteria is a microorganism which grow and reproduce quickly


at 37C

Total

Question

Mark

Answer
a) The more the days, the higher / the more the number of
bacterial colonies.
b) (i) time taken / days
(ii) number of mucor colonies
c) The more the days, the higher / the more the number of
bacterial colonies.
d) Growth of mucor is the number of spots present on a moist
bread every day.

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1

Marks
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Total
5

Question

Answer

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Marks
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a. Turns milky / cloudy

b. (i) presence of yeast


(ii) production of ethanol

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c. Ethanol is produced through fermentation of sugar solution


with the presence if yeast.

d. Wine / perfume (any 1 answer)

Total
5

Question

Answer
a. K: cholesterol / fat

L: lumen

b. Arteriosclerosis / high blood pressure / heart attack / stroke

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Marks
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c. Fried chicken / egg yolk (accept any other relevant answers)


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d. Olive oil / corn oil / lean meat / fish / palm oil

Total
5

Question

Answer
a. X: denitrifying bacteria

Y: lightning

Mark
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Marks
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b. Convert nitrogen gas to nitrate

c. Absorbed by plants

d. Nitrifying bacteria

e. Carbon cycle / water cycle / oxygen cycle

Total

Question
7

Answer

Mark

a. Carbon dioxide / carbon monoxide / sulphur dioxide

b. Coal / petroleum / natural gas

Marks
2
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c. Global warming / increased sea level / greenhouse effect


d. Using filter in the chimney / using alternative sources of
energy

Question

Answer

Total

Mark

Marks
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a. (i) thick black smoke / soot

b. Air pollution

c. Causes asthma / bronchitis / breathing difficulties

d. Using filter in the chimney

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e. (i) carbon dioxide


(ii) greenhouse effect / global warming

Question

Answer

Mark

Marks
2

a. (i) ozone layer


(ii) filters UV rays from sunlight

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b. (i) Chlorofluorocarbon / CFC


(ii) aerosol spray / styrofoam / fridge or air cond coolant

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c. Skin cancer / low immunity level / cataract / skin diseases

Total
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Question

10

Answer

Mark

a. Job / age / climate / health condition / pregnancy

b. 2785kJ

c. (i) rickets
(ii) iodine
(iii) eat more citrus fruit

Total mark: 55 marks

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