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Course Content

WCDMA & HSPA fundamentals


Radio network planning fundamentals
Radio network planning process
Coverage dimensioning
Capacity dimensioning
Coverage & capacity planning
Coverage & capacity improvements
NSN radio network solution
Site Solutions & Site Planning
Initial Parameter Planning
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Module Objectives

At the end of the module you will be able to understand:


Principles of site & base station configuration using Flexi BTS
Antenna line specifications & hardware
Principles of WCDMA/GSM Co-Siting

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solution Architecture

Inside NSN
UltraSite EDGE
BTS

Remote RFHead/
Distributed BTS

Nokia Siemens Networks

Floor,
rack

RN31549EN30GLA0

Wall, stand,
pole

Space
limited
site

At the base
of a mast,
tower

At the top
of a mast,
tower

Installation Examples

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Configuration Examples
UOC, distributed & feederless site

COC, stack installation

System Module down


COC, pole installation &
feederless site
All modules up

UOC, stack installation & feederless site

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

FSC or UOC, distributed &


feederless site

Site Cost Reduction

O&M
-7%
Transmission
Power
Site Rent
Implementation
Site Acquisition
Civil Works

0%
-63%

Less site visits, less spare


parts

Less power consumption,


no air-conditioning

-46%

Faster acquisition

-38%

More location options

-86%

More installation options

-49%
Planning &
Management
Antenna System
Power system

-3%
-37%
-62%

BTS

Nokia Siemens Networks

0%

RN31549EN30GLA0

Smaller weight load


No lifting with crane
Shorter RF feeders
No MHA
Smaller power system

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Examples for Flexi BTS configurations
Appendix: Feeder less and distributed site
Appendix: Ultra Site configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Base Station RF Configuration Parameters


Number of sectors and cells
Number of carriers per sector
Number of linear power amplifiers per sector
20 W cell or 40 W cell
Shared amplifier for high capacity site with 2 or more carriers

Linear power amplifier transmit power


Base band signal processing capacity
Maximum number of connections
Service type (R99 or HSPA, bit rate)

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi BTS Configuration Types


COC (Cost Optimized Configuration)
Has 2 RF modules
In case of large distance between the antennas, the RF modules can not be installed close to
each of them

UOC (Upgrade Optimized Configuration)


Has 3 dual RF modules
The RF modules can be installed close to each antenna

FSC (Feeder less Site Configuration)


Has 3 RF modules
Offers about 2-5 dB better coverage than configuration with feeder

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi BTS 3G frequency bands and carrier power


Following 3GPP bands already supported by RF Rel1 HW
2100MHz (I)
1900MHz (II)
1700/2100MHz (IV)
850MHz (V)
900 MHz (VIII)
8, 20, 40, 2*20W per TX connector

3*70W Triple RF-Module & 40/70W RRH (RF Rel2-HW) supports


2100MHz (I) in RU10
1500MHz (XI) in RU20

900MHz (VIII) in RU30


1800MHz (III) in RU30
Other bands according to roadmap / customer requirements
LTE support
8, 20, 30, 60, 2*20, 2*30W, RRH also 3*20W and 4*15W per TX connector

Lower frequency band dramatically reduces 3G site count


850/900MHz can half the number of sites required compared to 2100MHz
Typically 900/850MHz site grid can be used in re-farming cases
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi BTS RF Module (1/2)


Alternatives
RF Module Single

RF Module Dual

one sector with dual


carrier (optional
AC-DC converter submodule)

two sectors both


with dual carrier

System Module
incl. transport
sub-module
Incl. power
distribution

Minimum BTS configuration


one RF Module and
one System Module

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi BTS RF Module (2/2)


Complete
HW Rel.2BTS

HW
Rel.1 BTS
Complete

1+1+1 20/40W
2+2+2 20W

1+1+1 20/40/30/60W
2+2+2 20/30W

(50W RF modules,
system module rel.1)

(triple 70W RF module,


system module rel.2)

Less space, more RF power, more capacity

13

6 x 1 20W

6 x 2 20/30W
3+3+3 20/30W
4+4+4 20/30W

(dual 50W RF modules,


system module rel.1)

(triple 70W RF modules,


system module rel.2)

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Examples for Flexi BTS configurations
Appendix: Feeder less and distributed site
Appendix: Ultra Site configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

14

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Basic Configuration (COC) with FSMB


Basic Configuration

Rel1: RF Module single

Rel1: RF Module dual


FSMB: System Module

1+1+1 @ 20 W with FSMB


QPSK, RR Scheduler per site with 5 codes
HSDPA 16 users per site
HSUPA activated, 3 users license

Optional features

1+1+1 20W COC FSMB FTIA Hardware

FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W

FRIB Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Single 50 W

FTIA Transport PDH symm/Ethernet Hybrid

FSMB SYSTEM MODULE

SW LTU

FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU

SW LK

Channel Capacity LK (BSW)

120

Hardware:

Extension system module FSMB or in rel.2 also expansion with FSMC (180 CEs) or FSMD (396 CEs)
Additional carrier just a SW upgrade from 1+1+1 20W to 2+2+2 20W

HSPA:

15

HSDPA 10 Mbps per user


HSDPA 16QAM
HSDPA 15 codes
HSDPA code multiplexing
HSDPA 48 users per cell / Node B (shared)
HSUPA 2 Mbps per user
Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Loaded Configuration (UOC) with FSMB


Loaded Configuration

Rel1: dual RF Module

1+1+1 @ 40 W with FSMB+FSMB

Product Description

Qty

16 QAM, PF Scheduler per cell

1+1+1 40W COC FSMB Hardware

15 Codes and Code Multiplexing

FTPB Transport PDH E1/T1/JT1


symmetric

HSDPA 48 users / cell

FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W

HSUPA 24 users / BTS

FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W

FSMB SYSTEM MODULE

SW LTU

FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU

Optional features

Channel Capacity LK (BSW)

400

Hardware (e.g.)

HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c

HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c

HSDPA 48 Users per Cell LTU

HSDPA cell upg from 5 to 10 Codes LTU

HSDPA cell upg from 10 to 15 Codes LTU

64 HSDPA users / cell

HSDPA Code Multiplexing LTU

60 HSUPA users / BTS

HSUPA Basic 24 users per BTS LTU

Rel1: dual RF Module


FSMB: System Module
FSMB: Extension
System Module

Upgrade from 1+1+1 40W to 2+2+2 20W with SW


With one additional dual RF to 2+2+2 40W or 3+3+3 20W

HSPA (e.g.)

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Basic Configuration (COC) with FSMC


Basic Configuration

Rel1: RF Module triple


FSMC: System Module

1+1+1 @ 20/30/40/60 W with FSMC / triple RF


QPSK/16QAM, RR/PF Scheduler per site with 15 codes

17

Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Triple 70 W

FTIA Transport PDH symm/Ethernet Hybrid

FSMD SYSTEM MODULE

SW LTU

FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU

SW LK

Channel Capacity LK (BSW)

180

64 users per BTS

HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c

12 HSUPA users

HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c

HSDPA Processing Set 2

HSUPA Processing Set 1

Optional features (e.g.)

1+1+1 20W COC FSMC Hardware

Upgrade of one triple RF module to 2+2+2 20W or 30W with license


Upgrade of system Module with either FSMC or FSMD

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Loaded Configuration (UOC) with FSMD


Loaded Configuration

2* Triple RF module enables 2+2+2


with 20/30/40/60W

Rel1: RF Module triple

Rel1: RF Module triple


FSMD: System Module

FSMD capacity for traffic (1-3 cells)


= 12 subunits

FSMD: Extension
System Module

18

Product Description

Qty

1+1+1 20W COC FSMD FTPB Hardware

FTPB Transport PDH E1/T1/JT1 symmetric

FRIA Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Dual 50 W

FRIB Flexi RF Module 1.7/2.1 Single 50 W

FSMD SYSTEM MODULE

SW LTU

FLEXI WCDMA BTS BSW LTU

SW LK

2+2+2 @ 20/30/40/60 W with FSMD+FSMD

Channel Capacity LK (BSW)

600

16-QAM, 15 Codes & Code Multiplexing

HSDPA 16 QAM Support p.c

HSDPA PFRP Scheduler p.c

HSDPA 64 Users per Cell LTU

HSDPA cell upg from 5 to 10 Codes LTU

HSDPA cell upg from 10 to 15 Codes LTU

HSDPA Code Multiplexing LTU

HSUPA 60 users per BTS LTU

HSDPA processing set 3

HSUPA processing set 1

HSDPA 64 users/cell
HSUPA 60 users/BTS

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Examples for Flexi BTS configurations
Appendix: Feeder less and distributed site
Appendix: Ultra Site configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

19

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Typical Configurations

Rooftop

Rooftop

Not Distributed
Configuration

Distributed
Configuration

BTS
Complete BTS on
tower top

Tower Feeder Site


BBU

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Tower Feeder less


Distributed Site

Flexi Feeder less Installation (1/2)

System Module at the base of


the tower

RF parts at tower top mounted


next to antennas

Compensates high losses


introduced by long feeder runs

Target signal strength can be


achieved by smaller amplifiers
which means savings in OPEX

System Module connected to


RF parts by OBSAI interface
utilizing optical fiber

Distance up to 200 meters with


DC feed

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi slim antenna shape RFmodule for easy pole and wall
installations

Or compact 2-sector RFModule

Flexi Feeder less Installation (2/2)


RF Modules located close to antennas
RF Module

No 3050 m long antenna feeders nor MHAs needed (6 pieces each!)


2.. 5 dB better uplink and downlink RF performance
OBSAI RP3-01 optical interface up to 200 m (with standard RF module
sales item includes two optical SFP components)

RF Module

RF Module
OBSAI
RP3-01
System
Module

Site installed optical


multimode cable up to 200 m

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Iub

Flexi Distributed BTS


Flexi architecture supports optical interface distance up to 15 km with
standard RF Modules
single mode optical cable
RF Module

high performance long distance optical transceiver SFP components required

Flexi BTS System Module site


RF Module

RF Module

Antenna

23

Optical single mode fiber up to 15 km

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

System
Module

Feeder less Roof Top Site

24

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Feeder less Tower Site in Latin America

25

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Feeder less Tower Site in East Europe (Complete Mounted BTS)

26

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration
Configuration of Flexi BTS
Examples for Flexi BTS configurations
Appendix: Feeder less and distributed site
Appendix: Ultra Site configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

27

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Maximum Number of Plug-In Units per Cabinet


Indoor and
Outdoor
UltraSite
Supreme

Indoor
UltraSite
Optima

Outdoor
UltraSite
Optima
Compact
(RF ext.)

Outdoor
UltraSite
Optima
Compact
(IBBU)

Indoor and
Outdoor
UltraSite
Triple
Mode

Wideband Antenna Filter (WAF)

Wideband Power Divider (WPD)

Wideband Output Combiner (WOC)

Wideband Power Amplifier (WPA)


Output power 30W or 54W, for 1 or 2 carriers

n/a

Wideband Input Combiner (WIC)

Wideband Transmitter and Receiver (WTR)

Wideband Summing and Multiplexing (WSM)

Wideband Signal Processing (WSP)


For release 2 Ultra Site

18

12

12

12

Wideband Application Manager (WAM)

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Wideband Power Amplifier (WMP)

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Power per Carrier and Sector


WPA power

Power per carrier and sector

1+1+1+1+1+1

6 * 20 W

20 W per carrier and sector

1+1+1

3 * 20 W

20 W per carrier and sector

3 * 40 W

40 W per carrier and sector

3 * 20 W

10 W per carrier (20 W per sector)

3 * 40 W

20 W per carrier (40 W per sector)

2+2+2

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Example Configuration (CEC 1+1+1)


SR-bus ST-bus
R-bus
RRbus

WAF

bus

WSP

RTbus

WIC
HUB TLCI

TLCI
bus

WSM

WSP

WPA

SCI-bus
WSP

WTR

T-bus

CIF
bus

External alarms
and controls

WAM
OCI
bus
WSC

DSC-bus

ACI interface
TLCI bus
R-bus

WAF

WIC
bus

WAM

ACI interface
TLCI bus
R-bus

WAF

HUB TLCI
TLCI
bus

30

Nokia Siemens Networks

bus

ACI interface
TLCI bus

RN31549EN30GLA0

WSP

DSC-bus

WSP

WIC

WSP

WSM

T-bus

IFU
WIF
WIF

CIF
bus

SCI-bus
WTR

WPA

AXU

OCI
bus

DSC-bus

HUB TLCI
TLCI
bus

WSP

T-bus

WSP

WPA

WSM

WSP

WTR

CIF
bus

SCI-bus

WAM
OCI
bus

CCI
Interface

Iub
Interface

Enhanced Ultra Site Base Band for RU20

EUBB RAN1671
Supports HSPA+ features

New summing and multiplexing unit WSMF

Performs Rx / Tx code channel processing, coding and decoding


250 CE capacity
Maximum of 3 WSPF cards per EUBB subrack (total 750 CE
capacity)

New AXCF transport unit RAN1701

31

Sums signals from signal processing units or other summing and


multiplexing units
Connection to flexi RF modules and radio remote heads via optical
OBSAI interface

New wireless signal processing unit WSPF

64QAM
Voice over HSPA
Fractional DPCH
Continuous packet connectivity

Provides greater capacity for IP based Iub


Can be used also independently on EUBB as Ethernet transport
interface

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
Antenna system
Antenna installation
Appendix: Remote antenna tilt and dual mast head amplifier for Flexi BTS

GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

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Overview

Example

A WCDMA antenna system may contains the


following components

Antennas

WCDMA mast head amplifiers (MHA)

Bias-T

EMP protector, lightning protection (only needed if


no Bias-T is used)

Diplexers (see also GSM/WCDMA co-siting)

Triplexers (see also GSM/WCDMA co-siting)

33

combines/divides two bands such as WCDMA and


GSM to a common feeder line

combines/divides three bands such as WCDMA,


GSM1800 and GSM900 to a common feeder line

Feeder & jumper cables, grounding kits

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Ultra Site BTS

Antenna Types
According horizontal beam width
Omni antennas
Sector antennas (typical beam width 330/650/880 for sites with 6/3/3 sectors)

According polarization
Vertically polarised
Cross-polarised (polarization diversity)

According electrical tilt


Fixed downtilt
Adjustable downtilt (remote control)

WCDMA/GSM dual-band antennas (e.g. GSM900 & WCDMA2100)


Separate element for both bands, separate tilt possible
Separate or common antenna connectors (internal duplexer)

WCDMA/GSM triple-band antennas (e.g. GSM900&1800 & WCDMA2100


WCDMA/GSM broadband antennas (e.g. GSM1800 & WCDMA2100)
Antenna designed to cover multiple frequency bands
Single element and connector for multiple bands, same tilt

Smart Radio Concept (SRC) antennas (with two wideband X-pol elements)

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Nokia Siemens Networks

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Antenna Specification (1/2)

WCDMA Broadband Antennas


Dimensions

Weight

Frequency

Gain

Beam

[mm]

[kg]

Range [MHz]

[dBi]

Width

CS72761.01 Xpol F-panel 342/155/69

2.0

1710-2170

12.5

65

CS72761.02 Xpol F-panel 1302/155/69

6.0

1710-2170

18.5

65

CS72761.05 Xpol F-panel 1302/155/69

7.5

1710-2170

17

88

0...8

CS72761.07 Xpol F-panel 1942/155/69

10.0

1710-2170

19.5

65

0...6

CS72761.08 Xpol F-panel 662/155/69

7.5

1710-2170

18

65

0...8

CS72761.09 Xpol F-panel 1302/155/69

3.5

1710-2170

15.5

65

0...10

Antenna Type

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Downtilt

Antenna Specification (2/2)


WCDMA Dual Broadband Antennas (WCDMA/GSM 1800 or SRC)
Dimensions

Weight

Frequency

Gain

Beam

[mm]

[kg]

Range [MHz]

[dBi]

Width

CS72764.01 Xpol F-panel 1302/299/69

12.0

1710-2170

CS72761.09 Xpol F-panel 1302/299/69

12.0

1710-2170

Antenna Type

Downtilt

18.5/18.5 85/85 0..8/0..8


17/17

65/65 0..8/0..8

WCDMA Narrowbeam Antennas


Antenna Type

Dimensions

Weight

Frequency

Gain

Beam

[mm]

[kg]

Range [MHz]

[dBi]

Width

12

1900-2170

21

30

Dimensions

Weight

Frequency

Gain

Beam

[mm]

[kg]

Range [MHz]

[dBi]

Width

1570/148/112

5.0

1920/2170

11

360

CS72762.01 Xpol F-panel 1302/299/69

Downtilt
0...8

WCDMA Omni Antennas


Antenna Type
CS72760 Omni

36

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Downtilt
--

Antenna Tilt
Antenna tilt has strong impact on network performance

Cell capacity

Other to own cell interference (little i)

Soft handover overhead

Coverage probability

Continuous tilt adjustments are needed

New sites

Growing or changing traffic (mobility of the subscribers)

Increased efficiency for optimization

Antennas with adjustable tilt

Remote control of tilt by tools and subsystems to minimize the number of site visits

Antenna tilt is one of the key parameters in WCDMA RAN optimization

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Antenna Diversity
Current

150 mm
Upgrade
space
+
polarization
diversity

1300 mm

space
diversity

150 mm

Space diversity improves performance by 0.5..1.0 dB compared to single radome


Gain of 2.5 dB with single radome.
260 mm

2 x polarization
diversity within
one radome

polarization
diversity

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Mast Head Amplifier


Compensates feeder loss and thus improves UL coverage

But does not improve carrier to noise ratio of UL signals

RX
Technical Data Sheet

TX
Passive Intermodulation Products
PIM level in RX band
-119 dBm / 200 kHz
-37 dBm / 200 kHz
PIM level in TX band
Rated Power at Ports
ANT port
in-band 5 dBm
out-of-band 20 dBm
BTS port
avg 46 dBm in-band
peak 62 dBm in-band
Critical Input RX filter rejections
GSM1800, 1805-1880
65 dB
71 dB
UMTS TX, 2110-2170
Critical TX filter rejections
65 dB
UMTS RX, 1920-1980
Alarm Setting Conditions
Alarm current range
200 - 300 mA
100 msec
Switch time
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Gain, RX band
Nominal gain of 12 dB
+/- 0.5 dB room
Ripple
+/- 0.9 dB all temps
0.6 dB
Insertion Loss
0 dB within 20 MHz of
Response, other freqs
passband
MHA Input Dynamic Range
3rd-order intercept
10 dBm
1dB compression
-5 dBm
Noise Figure

2 dB

Return Loss, ANT and BTS ports


RX band
16 dB
TX band
18 dB
Group delay distortion 20 ns over 5 MHZ
DC Power supplied
Voltage

7.0 - 8.6V, UltraSite/MetroSite


11 - 13 V , CoSited BTS

Nominal current
190 mA
Max. current
350 mA
Bypass Mode
Insertion Loss
3 dB
Return Loss
12 dB

Bias-T
RF Performance
Insertion loss
0.3 dB
Return loss
18 dB
Rated power
55 W avg, 2.2 kW peak
Alarm Signal
VSWR alarm
7 dB nominal
threshold
+/- 2 dB tolerance
no alarm: 0 V, 50 mA max
Logic
alarmed : 3.3V, 0 mA
Response time
0.5 sec
no RF power, high VSWR (no
Alarm indicates:
DC power implied)
DC and Signal
Voltage drop
0.5 V
Rated power
7.5 - 9.1V, 350 mA max
DC supply via:
RJ-45 from BTS
Ins loss @ 1 MHz
3 dB

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Function
Provides DC power for MHA through
feeder line
Lightning protection

Features
Fault monitoring of MHA and Antenna line
Fowards alarms to WAF
Low insertion loss (< 0.3 dB)
Can be installed on mast or in any
WCDMA UltraSite cabinet

Feeder Specification
Feeders cause most of the losses in BS antenna system

Higher diameter feeders are selected for antenna lines with longer feeder lengths
Feeder losses decrease when frequency is lower
7/8 loss at 900 MHz is about 3.7 dB/100 m

Feeder Type

41

Diameter

Weight

[inch]

[kg/m]

Min Bending Radius [mm]


Single

Repeated

Attenuation
@ 2170 MHZ
[dB/100m]

CS72251

1/2

0.35

80

160

11.9

CS72252

7/8

0.55

120

250

6.52

CS72254

1 1/5

1.45

250

500

4.05

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
Antenna system
Antenna installation
Appendix: Remote antenna tilt and dual mast head amplifier for Flexi BTS

GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Examples

Tower mounting for


directional antennas

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Pole mounting for


roof-top mounting

Nearby Obstacles
Most important requirement antennas should mounted in such a way so that their
main beams are not obstructed
Roof-top site obstructions could be other antennas or cabins located on the same or
a neighbouring roof
Mast or pole mounted antennas obstructions could be trees or nearby buildings

Poor Position

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Good Position

Roof-Top Installation (1/2)


If the antenna position is moved away from the edge the antenna is more likely
to suffer shadowing
Antennas located away from the edge should be mounted with increased height

General rule
Clearance angle

d < 10 m

h > d/2

10 < d < 20 m

h > d/3

d > 20 m

h > d/4

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Roof-Top Installation (2/2)


Main Lobe
Main Lobe

Shadow of radio signal

The strongest signal is far


away from Base Station

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

No shadow of radio signal

Both the area near and far away


from BTS receive a strong signal

Wall Installation
Direction of
main beam

Poor Position

15 safety
margin

15 safety
margin
Direction of
main beam

Half power
beam width

Good Position
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
Antenna system
Antenna installation
Appendix: Remote antenna tilt and dual mast head amplifier for Flexi BTS

GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting

48

Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Antenna Tilt for Flexi BTS (1/2)


Flexi tilt is a tool for remote network optimization
Compliant with 3GPP
Compliant with AISG2.0
Must be enabled by software license

Increased performance by NSN


Flexi Tilt

Remote control activated without site visit


Tilt commands given by BTS element manager

Hardware realization
Antenna tilt integrated to RF module of Flexi BTS
Feeds DC power to antenna
Controls antenna tilting
O&M data

0 tilt
14 tilt

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Antenna Tilt for Flexi BTS (2/2)

Antenna with tilt function

same antenna can be used


with or without MHA

Integrated to BTS :
Power feed and control for MHA
including return loss measurement
Lightning protection
3GPP standard antenna tilt O&M Control
via antenna feeder
3GPP (AISG 2.0) standard interface for antenna
tilt and MHA including control and DC

3rd party MHA


CWA support

Optional
Mast Head Amplifier

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

(TX/)RX
TX/ RX

Dual Mast Head Amplifier (1/2)

WMHD has been designed to be used especially


together with Flexi WCDMA BTS

Integrated Smart Bias-T

Rx gain = 12 dB

Noise figure = 1.4 dB

Mechanics

Dimensions (190 x 150 x 50)

Weight, 3.5 kg

Environmental

Operating temperature = -40 +55 C

Enclosure = IP67

MTBF > 700.000 hours

Installation wall or pole

AISG 2.0 support

MHA activation without site visit

Better MHA diagnostics (enhanced alarm information)

Support for new AISG 2.0 tilt antennas

AISG 2.0 MHA


and antenna tilt
commands + DC

If Flexi Tilt is used WMHD is allways


in AISG 2.0 mode
AISG = Antenna Interface
Standards Group
3GPPAL interface is defined
based on AISG interface

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

CWA mode MHA


control

Dual Mast Head Amplifier (2/2)


Typical installation

WMHD and
antenna with
integrated tilt
adjustor unit

Antenna

Tilt adjustor
unit
Mast Head
Amplifier
Smart Bias-T

52

Nokia Siemens Networks

WMHD installation

RN31549EN30GLA0

WMHD and
antenna with
integrated tilt
adjustor unit and
smart bias-T

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting
Possible Problems
WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in same frequency range

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Harmonic Emission
2nd harmonics of GSM 900 DL (950- 960 MHz)

May affect UMTS TDD frequency range and possible lowest FDD frequency band
Has to be filtered out at the output of the GSM 900 BTS

Original GSM 900 DL band

2nd harmonics of GSM 900 DL band

UMTS
TDD

GSM 900
DL

UMTS FDD
Frequency

950 MHz
925 MHz

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Nokia Siemens Networks

960 MHz

RN31549EN30GLA0

1900
MHz

1920
MHz

1980
MHz

Inter-Modulation
Inter-modulation products of GSM 1800 DL

3rd order inter-modulation products 2*f1 f2 may affect UMTS FDD frequency
range for
f1 > 1862.8 MHz
f2 < 1839.6 MHz

Has to be filtered out at the output of the GSM 1800 BTS


Alternatively inter-modulation falling into UMTS range can be avoided by good
frequency planning
Intermodulation products
f1
f2
Example
f1 = 1875 MHz, f2 = 1825 MHz
n,m

fIM [MHz]

2 * f1 - 1 * f2

1925

3 * f1 - 2 * f2

1975

1 * f1 - 2 * f2

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Nokia Siemens Networks

Freq.
1805
MHz

1775

RN31549EN30GLA0

1839.6

1862.8

1880
MHz

1920
MHz

1980
MHz

Coverage & Capacity Handling


Coverage for GSM and WCDMA often should be identical
2 GHz UMTS coverage tends to be smaller than GSM 900 coverage
Additionally coverage service dependent (Eb/No, processing gain)
Coverage enhancing features needed to get same coverage area

Capacity sharing between GSM and WCDMA


UMTS speech users can be handed over to GSM as network of higher preference to offer
more UMTS capacity to data services
On the other GSM speech users are handed over to UMTS only in case of high GSM load

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting
Possible Problems
WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in same frequency range

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Possible Configurations
To re-use GSM sites for WCDMA, the following options exist
Co-location GSM and UMTS HW located beside, but separated antennas
Co-siting GSM and UMTS HW located beside, using same antennas

Independent on antenna configuration, the following options exist


Separate antenna lines more HW costs, but no diplexer required (introduced small
additional path loss)
Shared antenna lines less HW costs, but diplexer required (nevertheless preferred

in real networks)
Multiband
Antenna

Separate
antennas

Diplexer

separate
antenna
lines

GSM
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Nokia Siemens Networks

shared
antenna
lines

UMTS
RN31549EN30GLA0

GSM

UMTS

GSM

UMTS

Diplexers / Triplexers
NSN overall unit types
Triplexer Unit
GSM 900 / WCDMA Diplexer Unit
GSM 1800 / WCDMA Diplexer Unit

Selectable DC pass function in each unit

Technical Data Sheet


RF Performance
Insertion Loss
0.3 dB
Port - Common
Isolation, port to
50 dB
port
Return Loss any
> 18 dB
port
Passive Intermodulation
NSN Triplexer

GSM 900 BTS

GSM RX band
WCDMA BTS

GSM 1800 BTS


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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

-116 dBm

Rated Power at Ports


GSM
120 W avg
1.44 kW peak
55 W avg
2.15 kW peak
UMTS

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting
Possible Problems
WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in same frequency range

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi BTS Antenna System Solution - Separate Antennas (1/2)


Solution without MHA
Separate antennas

Tilt for WCDMA antenna

Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB

Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB

Separate
antennas
for GSM
and WCDMA

Separate
antennas for
GSM and
WCDMA

Diplexer

Shared
antenna
lines

Shared
antenna
lines

Diplexer

GSM BTS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

Diplexer

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

RN31549EN30GLA0

Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by NSN
WCDMA Flexi BTS

Diplexer

GSM BTS

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

Flexi BTS Antenna System Solution - Separate Antennas (2/2)


Solution with MHA
Separate antennas with MHAs

Tilt for WCDMA antenna

Loss DL 1 dB

Loss DL 1 dB

Separate antennas
and MHAs for GSM
and WCDMA

Separate
antennas
for GSM
and WCDMA

External Bias-T

MHA

MHA

MHA

Diplexer

PITA
cable

Shared
antenna
lines

MHA control
messages
modulated in
antenna lines

Diplexer

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Nokia Siemens Networks

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

RN31549EN30GLA0

Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by NSN
WCDMA Flexi BTS

Shared
antenna
lines

Diplexer

GSM BTS

MHA

Diplexer

GSM BTS

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

Flexi BTS Antenna System Solution - Shared Antennas (1/2)


Solution without MHA
Shared antenna

Dual band antenna with diplexer

Loss UL/DL 0.3 dB

Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB


Dual band
antenna
with built in
diplexer

Shared
antenna

Shared
antenna

(824-960 &
1710-2170
MHz)
Shared
antenna
lines

Shared
antenna
lines

Diplexer

GSM BTS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

RN31549EN30GLA0

Diplexer

GSM BTS

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

Flexi BTS Antenna System Solution - Shared Antennas (2/2)


Solution without MHA
Tilt for shared antenna

Tilt for dual band antenna

Loss UL/DL 0.3 dB

Loss UL/DL 0.6 dB


Tilt
adjustor
unit

Shared
antenna

Tilt adjustor
unit for 1800,
2100

Tilt adjustor
unit for 900
Smart Bias-T
extracts tilt control
commands
from the feeder

Smart Bias-T
extracts tilt control
commands from
the feeder

Shared
antenna
lines

Tilt control
commands
modulated into
feeder line by NSN
WCDMA Flexi BTS
Diplexer

GSM BTS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

RN31549EN30GLA0

Diplexer

GSM BTS

NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

RAN1876 Smart Diplexer for RU20


Consists of FAWA (low/high band combiner) and
FDWA (low/high band combiner)
Low band (700 900 MHz) and high band
(1700 2100 MHz)
Works with GSM, WCDMA, LTE (FDD)

FAWA

Reduces the need for any bias tees mounted


near the top of the tower and any long bias tee cable
Reduces the number of RF feeder cables to
the antenna system

Support current alarming for low and high band


BTS or both
Device works independently for Non AISG
supported BTS setups
Support EX-Siemens MHAs 7.68 MHz interface
Designed as completely outdoor mounted

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RN31549EN30GLA0

FDWA

Site Solutions and Site Planning


Site Solutions (Flexi BTS)
BTS Configuration

Antenna Solution
GSM/WCDMA Co-Siting
Possible Problems
WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in different frequency range
Appendix: NSN solution - WCDMA and GSM in same frequency range

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RN31549EN30GLA0

NSN Solution Overview


Separate Systems

Flexi Multiradio Combiner

GSM
Antenna

WCDMA
Antenna

Shared
Antenna
for GSM
and
WCDMA

GSM
MHAs

WCDMA
MHAs

Shared
MHAs

Feeders

Feeders

Shared
feeders

Dual MHA

AISG
Compliant
Separate
output for
antenna tilt
signals

Flexi Feederless Site


Separate antennas for
GSM and WCDMA or
single antenna with 2
broad band elements
inside same radome

Flexi WCDMA
RF module

Optical fiber and


DC cable
Flexi Multi Radio
Combiner
GSM BTS

Flexi
WCDMA
BTS
Flexi WCDMA
RF modules
Flexi WCDMA
System
module

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Flexi WCDMA
System module

Shared Antenna System by NSN Multi-Radio Combiner

Shared
Antenna
Shared
Mast Head
Amplifiers

Shared
feeders

If MHAs already in
use and controlled
by UltraSite BTS
Flexi adapts. In
case of new MHAs
Flexi can also take
control.

NSN Multi-Radio
Combiner

Flexi RF modules
Flexi System module

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Antenna System equipment


NSN Multi Radio Combiners

3 pieces

Shared antennas

3 radomes

Shared Mast Head Amplifiers

6 pieces

Shared feeder lines

6 pieces

NSN Multi-Radio Combiner (1/2)


Operating band: 880 915 MHz

Flexi Multiradio combiner

Other frequency variants: 850 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz

Combiner 900 MHz

Compatibility
NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS with NSN EDGE base stations
Other vendor 3GPP-compliant base stations (on a separate agreement)

Shared
antenna

Operation principle
Combiner unit with filters
Allows the use of remote antenna tilt

MDGA

NSN Flexi BTS module mechanics


1.5 HU without casing
2 HU with Flexi casing

Shared
antenna lines

Performance
DL loss = 0.5 dB both for WCDMA and GSM
UL loss = 4 dB, can be compensated with MHA
Dual MHA for 900 MHz (MDGA)
is recommended to be used together with Flexi
Multi-Radio Combiner to compensate UL loss

Installation
Stack, wall or pole mounted, or in 19 racks
Can be installed indoors or outdoors, IP67

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

NSN Flexi
Multi-Radio
Combiner
GSM 900
BTS

FMC
NSN Flexi
WCDMA BTS

NSN Multi-Radio Combiner (2/2)


ANT2

ANT1
TX

TX/RX

RX

RX

Other BTS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RX

TX

RX

TX/RX

WCDMA BTS

RN31549EN30GLA0

Full band device

No active electronics

Signal by-pass for MHA power feed


and control/alarms

Antenna Tilting with Flexi Multi-Radio Combiner


Separate tilt for WCDMA and
GSM by 2 V-pol antennas
separated 4 meters from
each other

Separate tilt for WCDMA and


GSM with single X-pol
antenna
Tilt for -45
dipoles

GSM Tx/Rx
WCDMA Div

WCDMA
Tx/Rx
GSM Div

GSM Tx/Rx
WCDMA Div

Tilt for +45


dipoles

WCDMA
Tx/Rx
GSM Div

Refarming Antenna for 900 MHz with separate tilting


capability for -45 and +45 under study

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Multi-Radio Combiners for RU20 (1/2)


RAN1079 850 MHz
Enables common antenna line sharing for GSM/EDGE
& WCDMA BTSs operating in the same band
Full band device, no active electronics
Signal by-pass for MHA power feed and control/alarms
TX path loss ~ 0.5 dB
RX path loss ~ 4.5 dB (can be compensated with MHA)

Benefits of sharing antennas on GSM/WCDMA sites


Faster site construction and WCDMA rollout, as existing
GSM antenna system can remain untouched
Savings in antenna system
Same antenna lines for GSM/WCDMA
Visual impact
Less antenna cables and antennas

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RN31549EN30GLA0

Multi-Radio Combiners for RU20 (2/2)


RAN2114 900 MHz Active Dual Duplex MRC
New Active Multi Radio Combiner for
2G 900 MHz 3G 900 MHz co-siting
Cannot be used with MHAs
Needs an antenna sharing solution for
dual-duplexed 3 + 3 + 3 ... 4 + 4 + 4 GSM sites
Radio Design has offered MRCs with LNAs

Operability Aspects:
6dB LNA compensates the loss of RX signal splitting
in the combiner
Works as MHA to BTS (only HW database
update needed) - controlling via AISG
Preferred BCCH TRX parameter
used to control GSM TRX
connections (in case of BCCH
reconfiguration and initial set-up)

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RN31549EN30GLA0

RAN2317 180 W Multiradio remote RF for RU30 (1/2)


This feature is a superior future proof BTS site solution for all existing and new mobile
operators.
With this feature it is possible to have up to 180 W output power per sector configurations
with only one physical Flexi RF Module. It is possible to build high capacity and coverage
sector for GSM and WCDMA/LTE by allocating the power flexibly from one power amplifier
(MCPA) to different radio technologies.
Benefits for the Operator:
feature offers excellent evolution path and
expansion possibilities for operators with high
GSM traffic. The GSM capacity in the network can
be maintained or expanded as needed and
gradually sifted to 3G and LTE technologies.
Full 3GPP RF band support in TX and RX makes
this feature superior in terms of capacity and
coverage and makes it also attractive for MORAN
operators.
Performance can be further improved by separate
optimal Antenna Tilt for GSM and WCDMA/LTE.

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RN31549EN30GLA0

MR Flexi
RU30

Flexi 3-Sector RF Module 180W


(GSM / WCDMA / LTE)

Multimode System Module


(WCDMA / LTE)

Flexi EDGE 18 / 36 Carrier System


Module

RAN2317 180 W Multiradio remote RF for RU30 (2/2)


This feature enables usage of up to 180 W output power per sector with one Flexi RF module
Enables possibility to build high capacity and coverage sector for GSM and WCDMA/LTE

Supported RF Modules:
- FXFA Flexi RF Module 1900 Triple
- FXCA Flexi RF Module 850 Triple
- FXDA Flexi RF Module 900 Triple

Operates in following concurrent modes:


- GSM + WCDMA
- GSM + LTE

- FXEA Flexi RF Module 1800 Triple

Configuration examples:
- WCDMA/LTE 1+1+1 MIMO with 120 W per carrier and GSM 1+1+1 with 60W per carrier.
- WCDMA/LTE 1+1+1 MIMO with 120 W per carrier and GSM 2+2+2 with 30W per carrier.
- WCDMA/LTE 1+1+1 MIMO with 120 W per carrier and GSM 6+6+6 with 10W per carrier.
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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Feeder Less Solution


Co-Siting without
additional losses
No need for changes to
GSM 900 BTS and antenna
lines

GSM 900 BTS and Flexi System Module in


equipment room

Flexi WCDMA 900 RF parts mounted next to


antennas

Separate tilt for WCDMA 900 to overcome


signal over shooting

Compensates high losses for WCDMA 900


introduced by long feeder runs

Target signal strength can be achieved by


smaller amplifiers which means savings in
OPEX

System Module is connected to RF parts by


OBSAI interface utilizing optical fiber

Distance up to 200 meters

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0

Separate elements for WCDMA 900


and GSM 900 inside the same radome

Flexi WCDMA RF modules next


to antennas
GSM 900 BTS
Flexi WCDMA
900 System
Module

Thank You !

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Nokia Siemens Networks

RN31549EN30GLA0