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Concrete Mix Design As Per Indian Standard Code

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Concrete Mix Design


Introduction
The process of selecting suitable ingredients of concrete and determining their relative
amounts with the objective of producing a concrete of the required, strength, durability,
and workability as economically as possible, is termed the concrete mix design. The
proportioning of ingredient of concrete is governed by the required performance of
concrete in 2 states, namely the plastic and the hardened states. If the plastic concrete is
not workable, it cannot be properly placed and compacted. The property of workability,
therefore, becomes of vital importance.
The compressive strength of hardened concrete which is generally considered to be an
index of its other properties, depends upon many factors, e.g. quality and quantity of
cement, water and aggregates; batching and mixing; placing, compaction and curing. The
cost of concrete is made up of the cost of materials, plant and labour. The variations in
the cost of materials arise from the fact that the cement is several times costly than the
aggregate, thus the aim is to produce as lean a mix as possible. From technical point of
view the rich mixes may lead to high shrinkage and cracking in the structural concrete,
and to evolution of high heat of hydration in mass concrete which may cause cracking.
The actual cost of concrete is related to the cost of materials required for producing a
minimum mean strength called characteristic strength that is specified by the designer of
the structure. This depends on the quality control measures, but there is no doubt that the
quality control adds to the cost of concrete. The extent of quality control is often an
economic compromise, and depends on the size and type of job. The cost of labour
depends on the workability of mix, e.g., a concrete mix of inadequate workability may
result in a high cost of labour to obtain a degree of compaction with available equipment.
Requirements of concrete mix design
The requirements which form the basis of selection and proportioning of mix
ingredients are :
a ) The minimum compressive strength required from structural consideration
b) The adequate workability necessary for full compaction with the compacting
equipment available.
c) Maximum water-cement ratio and/or maximum cement content to give
adequate durability for the particular site conditions

d) Maximum cement content to avoid shrinkage cracking due to temperature


cycle in mass concrete.

Types of Mixes
1. Nominal Mixes
In the past the specifications for concrete prescribed the proportions of cement,
fine and coarse aggregates. These mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio which
ensures adequate strength are termed nominal mixes. These offer simplicity and
under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified.
However, due to the variability of mix ingredients the nominal concrete for a
given workability varies widely in strength.
2. Standard mixes
The nominal mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio (by volume) vary widely in strength
and may result in under- or over-rich mixes. For this reason, the minimum compressive
strength has been included in many specifications. These mixes are termed standard
mixes.
IS 456-2000 has designated the concrete mixes into a number of grades as M10, M15,
M20, M25, M30, M35 and M40. In this designation the letter M refers to the mix and the
number to the specified 28 day cube strength of mix in N/mm2. The mixes of grades
M10, M15, M20 and M25 correspond approximately to the mix proportions (1:3:6),
(1:2:4), (1:1.5:3) and (1:1:2) respectively.
3. Designed Mixes
In these mixes the performance of the concrete is specified by the designer but the mix
proportions are determined by the producer of concrete, except that the minimum cement
content can be laid down. This is most rational approach to the selection of mix
proportions with specific materials in mind possessing more or less unique
characteristics. The approach results in the production of concrete with the appropriate
properties most economically. However, the designed mix does not serve as a guide since
this does not guarantee the correct mix proportions for the prescribed performance.
For the concrete with undemanding performance nominal or standard mixes (prescribed
in the codes by quantities of dry ingredients per cubic meter and by slump) may be used
only for very small jobs, when the 28-day strength of concrete does not exceed 30
N/mm2. No control testing is necessary reliance being placed on the masses of the
ingredients.
Factors affecting the choice of mix proportions
The various factors affecting the mix design are:
1. Compressive strength

It is one of the most important properties of concrete and influences many other
describable properties of the hardened concrete. The mean compressive strength required
at a specific age, usually 28 days, determines the nominal water-cement ratio of the mix.
The other factor affecting the strength of concrete at a given age and cured at a prescribed
temperature is the degree of compaction. According to Abrahams law the strength of
fully compacted concrete is inversely proportional to the water-cement ratio.
2. Workability
The degree of workability required depends on three factors. These are the size of the
section to be concreted, the amount of reinforcement, and the method of compaction to be
used. For the narrow and complicated section with numerous corners or inaccessible
parts, the concrete must have a high workability so that full compaction can be achieved
with a reasonable amount of effort. This also applies to the embedded steel sections. The
desired workability depends on the compacting equipment available at the site.
3. Durability
The durability of concrete is its resistance to the aggressive environmental conditions.
High strength concrete is generally more durable than low strength concrete. In the
situations when the high strength is not necessary but the conditions of exposure are such
that high durability is vital, the durability requirement will determine the water-cement
ratio to be used.
4. Maximum nominal size of aggregate
In general, larger the maximum size of aggregate, smaller is the cement requirement for a
particular water-cement ratio, because the workability of concrete increases with increase
in maximum size of the aggregate. However, the compressive strength tends to increase
with the decrease in size of aggregate.
IS 456:2000 and IS 1343:1980 recommend that the nominal size of the aggregate should
be as large as possible.
5. Grading and type of aggregate
The grading of aggregate influences the mix proportions for a specified workability and
water-cement ratio. Coarser the grading leaner will be mix which can be used. Very lean
mix is not desirable since it does not contain enough finer material to make the concrete
cohesive.
The type of aggregate influences strongly the aggregate-cement ratio for the desired
workability and stipulated water cement ratio. An important feature of a satisfactory
aggregate is the uniformity of the grading which can be achieved by mixing different size
fractions.
6. Quality Control

The degree of control can be estimated statistically by the variations in test results. The
variation in strength results from the variations in the properties of the mix ingredients
and lack of control of accuracy in batching, mixing, placing, curing and testing. The
lower the difference between the mean and minimum strengths of the mix lower will be
the cement-content required. The factor controlling this difference is termed as quality
control.

Mix Proportion designations


The common method of expressing the proportions of ingredients of a concrete mix is in
the terms of parts or ratios of cement, fine and coarse aggregates. For e.g., a concrete mix
of proportions 1:2:4 means that cement, fine and coarse aggregate are in the ratio 1:2:4 or
the mix contains one part of cement, two parts of fine aggregate and four parts of coarse
aggregate. The proportions are either by volume or by mass. The water-cement ratio is
usually expressed in mass
Factors to be considered for mix design
The grade designation giving the characteristic strength requirement of concrete.
The type of cement influences the rate of development of compressive strength of
concrete.
Maximum nominal size of aggregates to be used in concrete may be as large as possible
within the limits prescribed by IS 456:2000.
The cement content is to be limited from shrinkage, cracking and creep.
The workability of concrete for satisfactory placing and compaction is related to the size
and shape of section, quantity and spacing of reinforcement and technique used for
transportation, placing and compaction.

Procedure
1. Determine the mean target strength ft from the specified characteristic compressive
strength at 28-day fck and the level of quality control.
ft = fck + 1.65 S
where S is the standard deviation obtained from the Table of approximate contents given
after the design mix.
2. Obtain the water cement ratio for the desired mean target using the emperical relationship
between compressive strength and water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the
limiting water cement ratio. The water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the
limiting water cement ratio for the requirements of durability given in table and adopts
the lower of the two values.
3. Estimate the amount of entrapped air for maximum nominal size of the aggregate from the
table.

4. Select the water content, for the required workability and maximum size of aggregates (for
aggregates in saturated surface dry condition) from table.
5. Determine the percentage of fine aggregate in total aggregate by absolute volume from
table for the concrete using crushed coarse aggregate.
6. Adjust the values of water content and percentage of sand as provided in the table for any
difference in workability, water cement ratio, grading of fine aggregate and for rounded
aggregate the values are given in table.
7. Calculate the cement content form the water-cement ratio and the final water content as
arrived after adjustment. Check the cement against the minimum cement content from the
requirements of the durability, and greater of the two values is adopted.
8. From the quantities of water and cement per unit volume of concrete and the percentage of
sand already determined in steps 6 and 7 above, calculate the content of coarse and fine
aggregates per unit volume of concrete from the following relations:

where V = absolute volume of concrete


= gross volume (1m3) minus the volume of entrapped air
Sc = specific gravity of cement
W = Mass of water per cubic metre of concrete, kg
C = mass of cement per cubic metre of concrete, kg
p = ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume
fa, Ca = total masses of fine and coarse aggregates, per cubic metre of
concrete, respectively, kg, and
Sfa, Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine and coarse
aggregates, respectively
9. Determine the concrete mix proportions for the first trial mix.
10. Prepare the concrete using the calculated proportions and cast three cubes of 150 mm size
and test them wet after 28-days moist curing and check for the strength.
11. Prepare trial mixes with suitable adjustments till the final mix proportions are arrived at.

M-20 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009


Posted in Mix Design |

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Dear
Again

All
I

am

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with

M-20

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards
Raj Mohammad Khan

M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning
1
Grade Designation

M20

Type of Cement

OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

20 mm

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H


1700-3 A)

250 kg/m3

2
3
4
5

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.5

6
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

25 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

Crushed Angular Aggregate

7
8
9
10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.
1703.2)
540 kg/m3
11
Chemical Admixture Type
A-2 Test Data for Materials

Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103

1
Cement Used

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

Sp. Gravity of Cement

3.15

Sp. Gravity of Water

1.00

Chemical Admixture

Not Used

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

2.884

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

Sp. Gravity of Sand

2.605

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

0.97%

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate

0.83%

Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm
Aggregate

nil

12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm


Aggregate

nil

13
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates2.882
Separate Analysis Done
16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning


1
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 30N/mm2
2
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

20N/mm2

A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio


1

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.5

2
Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.5

A-5 Selection of Water Content


1
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)

186 Lit.

2
Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 145 Lit.
3
Superplasticiser used

nil

A-6 Calculation of Cement Content


1
Water Cement Ratio

0.5

Cement Content (145/0.5)

290 kg/m3
Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content


1
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate


Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65)

65.00%
35.00%

A-8 Mix Calculations


3
1 Volume of Concrete in m

1.00

2
Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of
Cement)x1000

0.09

Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of
Water)x1000

0.145

Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of
Admixture)x1000

nil

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.763

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.65

0.496

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.35

0.267

A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)


1
Mass of Cement in kg/m3

290

Mass of Water in kg/m3

145

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

696

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3


Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

1429
1029
400
nil

2
3
4

6
Water Cement Ratio

0.5

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on
engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

M-25 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009


Posted in Mix Design |

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Dear All
Again I am back with M-25 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009.
Regards
Raj Mohammad Khan

M-25 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning
1
Grade Designation

M25

Type of Cement

OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

20 mm

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H


1700-3 A)

310 kg/m3

2
3
4
5

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.45

6
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision

Normal
Good

7
8

9
Type of Aggregate

Crushed Angular Aggregate

10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.


1703.2)
540 kg/m3
11
Chemical Admixture Type

Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103

A-2 Test Data for Materials


1
Cement Used

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

Sp. Gravity of Cement

3.15

Sp. Gravity of Water

1.00

Chemical Admixture

BASF Chemicals Company

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

2.884

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

Sp. Gravity of Sand

2.605

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

0.97%

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate

0.83%

Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil
12
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

13
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882
16
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning


1
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)

36N/mm2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

25N/mm2

2
A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio
1

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.45

2
Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.43

A-5 Selection of Water Content


1
2

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)

186 Lit.

Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm


Slump

138 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

0.5 % by wt. of cement

3
A-6 Calculation of Cement Content
1
Water Cement Ratio

0.43

Cement Content (138/0.43)

320 kg/m3
Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content


1
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate


Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)

62.00%
38.00%

A-8 Mix Calculations


1
Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of
Cement)x1000

0.10

Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of
Water)x1000

0.138

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3


(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of
Admixture)x1000

0.00134

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.759

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.471

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.288

A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)


1
Mass of Cement in kg/m3

320

Mass of Water in kg/m3

138

3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

751

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3


Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1356
977
380

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

1.60

Water Cement Ratio

0.43

5
6
We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on
engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

M-30 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009


Posted in Mix Design |

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Dear All
Again

am

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with

M-30

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards
Raj Mohammad Khan

M-30 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning
1
Grade Designation

M30

Type of Cement

OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

20 mm

2
3
4

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 17003 A)


310 kg/m3

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.45

6
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

Crushed Angular Aggregate

7
8
9
10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.
1703.2)
11
Chemical Admixture Type

540 kg/m3
Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103

A-2 Test Data for Materials


1
Cement Used

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

Sp. Gravity of Cement

3.15

Sp. Gravity of Water

1.00

Chemical Admixture

BASF Chemicals Company

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

2.884

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

Sp. Gravity of Sand

2.605

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

0.97%

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate

0.83%

Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil
12
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil
13
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882
16
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

A-3 Target Strength for Mix Proportioning


1
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)

42N/mm2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

30N/mm2

2
A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio
1

Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
0.45

2
Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.42

A-5 Selection of Water Content


1
2

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)

186 Lit.

Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm


Slump

160 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

0.5 % by wt. of cement

3
A-6 Calculation of Cement Content
1 Water Cement Ratio

0.42

2
Cement Content (160/0.42)

380 kg/m3
Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7 Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content


1
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate


Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)

62.00%
38.00%

A-8 Mix Calculations


1
Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of
Cement)x1000

0.12

Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of
Water)x1000

0.160

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3


(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of
Admixture)x1000

0.00160

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.718

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.445

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.273

A-9 Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)


1
Mass of Cement in kg/m3

380

Mass of Water in kg/m3

160

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

711

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3


Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1283
924
359

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

1.90

Water Cement Ratio

0.42

2
3
4

5
6
We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on
engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

M-35 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009


Posted in Mix Design |

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Dear All
Again

am

back

with

M-35

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards
Raj Mohammad Khan

CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1

Stipulations for Proportioning

1
Grade Designation

M35

Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987


20 mm

2
3

4
5

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H


1700-3 A)

310 kg/m3

Maximum Water Cement Ratio


(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.45

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

Crushed Angular Aggregate

6
7
8
9
10

Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.


1703.2)
540 kg/m3

11
Chemical Admixture Type
A-2

Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103

Test Data for Materials

1
Cement Used

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

Sp. Gravity of Cement

3.15

Sp. Gravity of Water

1.00

Chemical Admixture

BASF Chemicals Company

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

2.884

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

Sp. Gravity of Sand

2.605

2
3
4
5
6
7

8
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

0.97%

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate

0.83%

Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm


Aggregate

nil

Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm


Aggregate

nil

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

2.882

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3

Target Strength for Mix Proportioning

1
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 47N/mm2
2
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

35N/mm2

A-4

Selection of Water Cement Ratio

Maximum Water Cement Ratio


(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.45

Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.4

2
A-5

Selection of Water Content

1
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm


Slump

160 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

0.5 % by wt. of cement

3
A-6

Calculation of Cement Content

1
Water Cement Ratio

0.4

Cement Content (160/0.42)

400 kg/m3
Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content

1
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

2
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
62.00%
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62) 38.00%
A-8

Mix Calculations

1
Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of
Cement)x1000

0.13

Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of
Water)x1000

0.160

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3


(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of
Admixture)x1000

0.00168

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.711

6
Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.441

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.270

A-9

Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

1
Mass of Cement in kg/m3

400

Mass of Water in kg/m3

160

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

704

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3


Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1271
915
356

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

2.00

Water Cement Ratio

0.40

2
3
4

5
6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on
engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

M 15 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009


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Dear

All,

Here i am giving the mix designs as per IS-10262-2009 which gives to change the
procedure

for

calculating

Regards
Raj Mohammad Khan

M-15 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

the

concrete

ingredients

A-1Stipulations for Proportioning


1
Grade Designation

M15

Type of Cement

OPC 53 grade confirming to IS12269-1987

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

20 mm

2
3
4

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H


1700-3 A)
250 kg/m3

Maximum Water Cement Ratio


(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.5

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

25 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

Crushed Angular Aggregate

6
7
8
9
10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H
Cl. 1703.2)
540 kg/m3
11
Chemical Admixture Type

Superplasticiser Confirming to
IS-9103

A-2Test Data for Materials


1
Cement Used

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

Sp. Gravity of Cement

3.15

Sp. Gravity of Water

1.00

Chemical Admixture
Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

Not Used
2.884

2
3
4
5

6
Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

Sp. Gravity of Sand

2.605

7
8
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%
9
Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%
10
Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm


Aggregate

nil

12 Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm


Aggregate

nil

13
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15 Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

15 Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse


Aggregates

2.882

16
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

Separate Analysis Done

A-3Target Strength for Mix Proportioning


1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H


1700-5)

25N/mm2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

15N/mm2

2
A-4Selection of Water Cement Ratio
1 Maximum Water Cement Ratio

0.5

(MORT&H 1700-3 A)
2
Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.5

A-5Selection of Water Content


1

Maximum Water content (10262-table2)


186 Lit.

Estimated Water content for 25 mm


Slump

135 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

nil

3
A-6Calculation of Cement Content
1
Water Cement Ratio

0.5

Cement Content (135/0.5)

270 kg/m3
Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

A-7Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content


1
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%
2
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.65)

65.00%
35.00%

A-8Mix Calculations
1
Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of
Cement)x1000

0.09

Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

0.135

Water)x1000
4
Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of
Admixture)x1000

nil

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.779

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.65

0.507

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.35

0.273

A-9Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)


1
Mass of Cement in kg/m3

270

Mass of Water in kg/m3

135

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

711

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3


Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1460
1051
409

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

nil

Water Cement Ratio

0.5

2
3
4

5
6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on
engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

Mix Design For M35 Grade Of Concrete

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The mix design for M35 Grade Of Concrete for pile foundations provided here is for
reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted
as per the location and other factors.
Grade

of

Concrete

Characteristic

Strength

(Fck)

Standard

Deviation

Target

Mean

(from

Strength

I.S

Test
Aggregate

35

Fck

+1.65

35+

38.15

Mpa

Data

Mpa*
x

S.D.

1.651.91
Mpa

For
Type

Material:
:

Crushed

Specific

Gravity

Cement
Coarse

M35

1.91

T.M.S.=

456-2000)

:
Aggregate

3.15
:

2.67

Fine Aggregate : 2.62


Water
Coarse

Absorption:
Aggregate

0.5%

Fine Aggregate : 1.0 %


MIX DESIGN
Take Sand content as percentage of total aggregates = 36%
Select Water Cement Ratio = 0.43 for concrete grade M35
(From Fig 2. of I.S. 10262- 1982)
Select Water Content = 172 Kg
(From IS: 10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates Maximum Water Content =
186 Kg/ M3 )
Hence, Cement Content= 172 / 0.43 = 400 Kg / M3
Formula for Mix Proportion of Fine and Coarse Aggregate:
1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +(F a / Sp.
Gr.* Pf )}

1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +Ca / Sp.
Gr.* Pc )}
Where Ca = Coarse Aggregate Content
Fa = Fine Aggregate Content
Pf = Sand Content as percentage of total Aggregates
= 0.36
Pc = Coarse Aggregate Content as percentage of total Aggregates.
= 0.64
a0 = Percentage air content in concrete (As per IS :10262 for 20 mm nominal size of
aggregates air content is 2 %) = 0.02
Hence, 1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Fa / 2.62 x 0.36)}
Fa = 642 Kg/ Cum
As the sand is of Zone II no adjustment is required for sand.
Sand Content = 642 Kg/ Cum
1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Ca / 2.67 x 0.64)}
Hence, Ca = 1165 Kg/ Cum
From combined gradation of Coarse aggregates it has been found out that the
proportion of 53:47 of 20 mm & 10 mm aggregates produces the best gradation as
per IS: 383.
Hence, 20 mm Aggregates = 619 Kg
And 10 mm Aggregates = 546 Kg
To obtain slump in the range of 150-190 mm water reducing admixture brand SP430
from Fosroc with a dose of 0.3 % by weight of Cement shall be used.
Hence the Mix Proportion becomes:

Cem W/C Water Sand 20mm 10mm Admix

Units Kg/ M3

400 0.43 172

635

619

564

1.2

Cement : Sand: Coarse

1.6

1.547

1.36

0.003

0.43

Aggregates = 1 : 1.6 :
2.907

We are thankful to Er. Ishan Kaushal for this valuable information.

Mix Design M-50 Grade


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The mix design M-50 grade (Using Admixture Sikament) provided here is for
reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted
as per the location and other factors.
Parameters for mix design M50
Grade

Designation

Type
Brand

of

cement

of

Admixture

cement
=

=
=

Sika

M-50

O.P.C-43

Vikram

[Sikament

170

grade
Grasim

)
)

Fine Aggregate = Zone-II


Sp.

Gravity

Cement

Fine

3.15

Aggregate

Coarse

Aggregate

2.61

(20mm)

2.65

Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2.66


Minimum

Cement

(As

per

contract)

=400

kg

m3

Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45


Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1.65 ) = 58.25 Mpa
2. Selection

of

water

cement

ratio:-

Assume water cement ratio = 0.35


3. Calculation

of

water:

Approximate water content for 20mm max. Size of aggregate = 180 kg /m (As per
Table No. 5 , IS : 10262 ). As plasticizer is proposed we can reduce water content by
20%.
Now water content = 180 X 0.8 = 144 kg /m3
4. Calculation
Water
Water
Cement

of

cement

cement
content
content

per
=

ratio
cum
144/0.35

content:=

of

concrete
=

411.4

0.35
=
kg

144

kg

m3

Say cement content = 412 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg
m3 )

/
Hence O.K.
5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: [ Formula's can be seen in earlier posts]Volume

of

concrete

Volume

of

cement

Volume

of

water

Volume

of

=
=

Admixture

412

144

4.994

=
3.15
1

X
X

1000
1000

(1.145

m3

1
)
)

1000

0.1308

m3

0.1440

m3

=
=

0.0043

m3

Total weight of other materials except coarse aggregate = 0.1308 + 0.1440 +0.0043
= 0.2791 m3
Volume

of

coarse

and

fine

aggregate

0.2791

0.7209

m3

Volume of F.A. = 0.7209 X 0.33 = 0.2379 m3 (Assuming 33% by volume of total


aggregate )
Volume of C.A. = 0.7209 0.2379 = 0.4830 m3
Therefore weight of F.A. = 0.2379 X 2.61 X 1000 = 620.919 kg/ m3
Say weight of F.A. = 621 kg/ m3
Therefore weight of C.A. = 0.4830 X 2.655 X 1000 = 1282.365 kg/ m3
Say weight of C.A. = 1284 kg/ m3
Considering

20

mm:

10mm

0.55:

0.45

20mm

706

kg

10mm

578

kg

Hence

Mix

per

m3

details

Increasing cement, water, admixture by 2.5% for this trial


Cement

Water

412

Fine

144

1.025

1.025

aggregate

=
=

422

kg

147.6

kg

621

kg

Coarse

aggregate

20

mm

706

kg

Coarse

aggregate

10

mm

578

kg

Admixture = 1.2 % by weight of cement = 5.064 kg.


Water:

cement:

F.A.:

C.A.

0.35:

1:

1.472:

Observation:
A.
C.

Mix

B.

was

cohesive

Slump
No.

3.043

of

=
cube

and

homogeneous.

120
casted

mm
9

Nos.

days

average

compressive

strength

52.07

MPa.

28 days average compressive strength = 62.52 MPa which is greater than 58.25MPa
Hence the mix accepted.
We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information.

Mix Design M-40 Grade


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The mix design M-40 grade for Pier (Using Admixture Fosroc) provided here is for
reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted
as per the location and other factors.
Parameters for mix design M40
Grade

Designation

Type
Brand

of

cement

of

Admixture

cement
=

=
=

Fosroc

Fine
Sp.

=
O.P.C-43

Vikram

Conplast

Aggregate

grade
Grasim

SP

430

G8M

Gravity

Fine

M-40

Zone-II

Cement

Aggregate

)
3.15

2.61

Coarse

Aggregate

(20mm)

2.65

Coarse

Aggregate

(10mm)

2.66

Minimum

Cement

(As

per

contract)

400

kg

m3

Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45


Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 40 + (5 X 1.65) = 48.25 Mpa
2. Selection

of

water

cement

ratio:-

Assume water cement ratio = 0.4


3. Calculation
Assume

of
cement

cement
content

400

content:
kg

m3

(As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3)


4. Calculation

of

water:

400 X 0.4 = 160 kg Which is less than 186 kg (As per Table No. 4, IS: 10262)
Hence o.k.
5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: As per IS : 10262 , Cl. No. 3.5.1

V = [ W + (C/Sc) + (1/p) . (fa/Sfa) ] x (1/1000)


V = [ W + (C/Sc) + {1/(1-p)} . (ca/Sca) ] x (1/1000)
Where
V = absolute volume of fresh concrete, which is equal to gross volume (m 3) minus
the volume of entrapped air ,
W = mass of water ( kg ) per m3 of concrete ,
C = mass of cement ( kg ) per m3 of concrete ,
Sc = specific gravity of cement,
(p) = Ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume ,
(fa) , (ca) = total mass of fine aggregate and coarse aggregate (kg) per m3 of
Concrete respectively, and
Sfa , Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and Coarse
aggregate respectively.
As per Table No. 3 , IS-10262, for 20mm maximum size entrapped air is 2% .
Assume F.A. by % of volume of total aggregate = 36.5 %
0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.365 ) ( Fa / 2.61 )] ( 1 /1000 )
=> Fa = 660.2 kg
Say Fa = 660 kg.
0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.635 ) ( Ca / 2.655 )] ( 1 /1000 )
=> Ca = 1168.37 kg.
Say Ca = 1168 kg.
Considering 20 mm : 10mm = 0.6 : 0.4
20mm

10mm = 467 kg .
Hence Mix details per m3

701

kg

Cement

Water

400

Fine

kg

160

aggregate

kg

660

kg

Coarse

aggregate

20

mm

701

kg

Coarse

aggregate

10

mm

467

kg

Admixture

0.6

by

weight

of

cement

2.4

kg.

Recron 3S = 900 gm
Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.4: 1: 1.65: 2.92
Observation:
A.

Mix

was

B.
C.
7

cohesive

and

Slump
No.
days

of
average

homogeneous.

=
cube

compressive

casted
strength

110mm
=

12
=

51.26

Nos.
MPa.

28 days average compressive strength = 62.96 MPa which is greater than 48.25MPa
Hence the mix is accepted.
We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information.