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Mix Design

Mix Design

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Introduction

The process of selecting suitable ingredients of concrete and determining their relative

amounts with the objective of producing a concrete of the required, strength, durability,

and workability as economically as possible, is termed the concrete mix design. The

proportioning of ingredient of concrete is governed by the required performance of

concrete in 2 states, namely the plastic and the hardened states. If the plastic concrete is

not workable, it cannot be properly placed and compacted. The property of workability,

therefore, becomes of vital importance.

The compressive strength of hardened concrete which is generally considered to be an

index of its other properties, depends upon many factors, e.g. quality and quantity of

cement, water and aggregates; batching and mixing; placing, compaction and curing. The

cost of concrete is made up of the cost of materials, plant and labour. The variations in

the cost of materials arise from the fact that the cement is several times costly than the

aggregate, thus the aim is to produce as lean a mix as possible. From technical point of

view the rich mixes may lead to high shrinkage and cracking in the structural concrete,

and to evolution of high heat of hydration in mass concrete which may cause cracking.

The actual cost of concrete is related to the cost of materials required for producing a

minimum mean strength called characteristic strength that is specified by the designer of

the structure. This depends on the quality control measures, but there is no doubt that the

quality control adds to the cost of concrete. The extent of quality control is often an

economic compromise, and depends on the size and type of job. The cost of labour

depends on the workability of mix, e.g., a concrete mix of inadequate workability may

result in a high cost of labour to obtain a degree of compaction with available equipment.

Requirements of concrete mix design

The requirements which form the basis of selection and proportioning of mix

ingredients are :

a ) The minimum compressive strength required from structural consideration

b) The adequate workability necessary for full compaction with the compacting

equipment available.

c) Maximum water-cement ratio and/or maximum cement content to give

adequate durability for the particular site conditions

cycle in mass concrete.

Types of Mixes

1. Nominal Mixes

In the past the specifications for concrete prescribed the proportions of cement,

fine and coarse aggregates. These mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio which

ensures adequate strength are termed nominal mixes. These offer simplicity and

under normal circumstances, have a margin of strength above that specified.

However, due to the variability of mix ingredients the nominal concrete for a

given workability varies widely in strength.

2. Standard mixes

The nominal mixes of fixed cement-aggregate ratio (by volume) vary widely in strength

and may result in under- or over-rich mixes. For this reason, the minimum compressive

strength has been included in many specifications. These mixes are termed standard

mixes.

IS 456-2000 has designated the concrete mixes into a number of grades as M10, M15,

M20, M25, M30, M35 and M40. In this designation the letter M refers to the mix and the

number to the specified 28 day cube strength of mix in N/mm2. The mixes of grades

M10, M15, M20 and M25 correspond approximately to the mix proportions (1:3:6),

(1:2:4), (1:1.5:3) and (1:1:2) respectively.

3. Designed Mixes

In these mixes the performance of the concrete is specified by the designer but the mix

proportions are determined by the producer of concrete, except that the minimum cement

content can be laid down. This is most rational approach to the selection of mix

proportions with specific materials in mind possessing more or less unique

characteristics. The approach results in the production of concrete with the appropriate

properties most economically. However, the designed mix does not serve as a guide since

this does not guarantee the correct mix proportions for the prescribed performance.

For the concrete with undemanding performance nominal or standard mixes (prescribed

in the codes by quantities of dry ingredients per cubic meter and by slump) may be used

only for very small jobs, when the 28-day strength of concrete does not exceed 30

N/mm2. No control testing is necessary reliance being placed on the masses of the

ingredients.

Factors affecting the choice of mix proportions

The various factors affecting the mix design are:

1. Compressive strength

It is one of the most important properties of concrete and influences many other

describable properties of the hardened concrete. The mean compressive strength required

at a specific age, usually 28 days, determines the nominal water-cement ratio of the mix.

The other factor affecting the strength of concrete at a given age and cured at a prescribed

temperature is the degree of compaction. According to Abrahams law the strength of

fully compacted concrete is inversely proportional to the water-cement ratio.

2. Workability

The degree of workability required depends on three factors. These are the size of the

section to be concreted, the amount of reinforcement, and the method of compaction to be

used. For the narrow and complicated section with numerous corners or inaccessible

parts, the concrete must have a high workability so that full compaction can be achieved

with a reasonable amount of effort. This also applies to the embedded steel sections. The

desired workability depends on the compacting equipment available at the site.

3. Durability

The durability of concrete is its resistance to the aggressive environmental conditions.

High strength concrete is generally more durable than low strength concrete. In the

situations when the high strength is not necessary but the conditions of exposure are such

that high durability is vital, the durability requirement will determine the water-cement

ratio to be used.

4. Maximum nominal size of aggregate

In general, larger the maximum size of aggregate, smaller is the cement requirement for a

particular water-cement ratio, because the workability of concrete increases with increase

in maximum size of the aggregate. However, the compressive strength tends to increase

with the decrease in size of aggregate.

IS 456:2000 and IS 1343:1980 recommend that the nominal size of the aggregate should

be as large as possible.

5. Grading and type of aggregate

The grading of aggregate influences the mix proportions for a specified workability and

water-cement ratio. Coarser the grading leaner will be mix which can be used. Very lean

mix is not desirable since it does not contain enough finer material to make the concrete

cohesive.

The type of aggregate influences strongly the aggregate-cement ratio for the desired

workability and stipulated water cement ratio. An important feature of a satisfactory

aggregate is the uniformity of the grading which can be achieved by mixing different size

fractions.

6. Quality Control

The degree of control can be estimated statistically by the variations in test results. The

variation in strength results from the variations in the properties of the mix ingredients

and lack of control of accuracy in batching, mixing, placing, curing and testing. The

lower the difference between the mean and minimum strengths of the mix lower will be

the cement-content required. The factor controlling this difference is termed as quality

control.

The common method of expressing the proportions of ingredients of a concrete mix is in

the terms of parts or ratios of cement, fine and coarse aggregates. For e.g., a concrete mix

of proportions 1:2:4 means that cement, fine and coarse aggregate are in the ratio 1:2:4 or

the mix contains one part of cement, two parts of fine aggregate and four parts of coarse

aggregate. The proportions are either by volume or by mass. The water-cement ratio is

usually expressed in mass

Factors to be considered for mix design

The grade designation giving the characteristic strength requirement of concrete.

The type of cement influences the rate of development of compressive strength of

concrete.

Maximum nominal size of aggregates to be used in concrete may be as large as possible

within the limits prescribed by IS 456:2000.

The cement content is to be limited from shrinkage, cracking and creep.

The workability of concrete for satisfactory placing and compaction is related to the size

and shape of section, quantity and spacing of reinforcement and technique used for

transportation, placing and compaction.

Procedure

1. Determine the mean target strength ft from the specified characteristic compressive

strength at 28-day fck and the level of quality control.

ft = fck + 1.65 S

where S is the standard deviation obtained from the Table of approximate contents given

after the design mix.

2. Obtain the water cement ratio for the desired mean target using the emperical relationship

between compressive strength and water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the

limiting water cement ratio. The water cement ratio so chosen is checked against the

limiting water cement ratio for the requirements of durability given in table and adopts

the lower of the two values.

3. Estimate the amount of entrapped air for maximum nominal size of the aggregate from the

table.

4. Select the water content, for the required workability and maximum size of aggregates (for

aggregates in saturated surface dry condition) from table.

5. Determine the percentage of fine aggregate in total aggregate by absolute volume from

table for the concrete using crushed coarse aggregate.

6. Adjust the values of water content and percentage of sand as provided in the table for any

difference in workability, water cement ratio, grading of fine aggregate and for rounded

aggregate the values are given in table.

7. Calculate the cement content form the water-cement ratio and the final water content as

arrived after adjustment. Check the cement against the minimum cement content from the

requirements of the durability, and greater of the two values is adopted.

8. From the quantities of water and cement per unit volume of concrete and the percentage of

sand already determined in steps 6 and 7 above, calculate the content of coarse and fine

aggregates per unit volume of concrete from the following relations:

= gross volume (1m3) minus the volume of entrapped air

Sc = specific gravity of cement

W = Mass of water per cubic metre of concrete, kg

C = mass of cement per cubic metre of concrete, kg

p = ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume

fa, Ca = total masses of fine and coarse aggregates, per cubic metre of

concrete, respectively, kg, and

Sfa, Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine and coarse

aggregates, respectively

9. Determine the concrete mix proportions for the first trial mix.

10. Prepare the concrete using the calculated proportions and cast three cubes of 150 mm size

and test them wet after 28-days moist curing and check for the strength.

11. Prepare trial mixes with suitable adjustments till the final mix proportions are arrived at.

Posted in Mix Design |

Dear

Again

All

I

am

back

with

M-20

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation

M20

Type of Cement

20 mm

1700-3 A)

250 kg/m3

2

3

4

5

1700-3 A)

0.5

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

25 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

7

8

9

10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.

1703.2)

540 kg/m3

11

Chemical Admixture Type

A-2 Test Data for Materials

1

Cement Used

3.15

1.00

Chemical Admixture

Not Used

2.884

2.878

2.605

0.97%

0.83%

1.23%

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11 Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm

Aggregate

nil

Aggregate

nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

Aggregates

Aggregates

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates2.882

Separate Analysis Done

16 Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 30N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

20N/mm2

1

1700-3 A)

0.5

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.5

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)

186 Lit.

2

Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 145 Lit.

3

Superplasticiser used

nil

1

Water Cement Ratio

0.5

290 kg/m3

Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65)

65.00%

35.00%

3

1 Volume of Concrete in m

1.00

2

Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

0.09

Volume of Water in m3

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

0.145

Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

nil

Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.763

Sr. no. 5 x 0.65

0.496

Sr. no. 5 x 0.35

0.267

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3

290

145

696

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3

1429

1029

400

nil

2

3

4

6

Water Cement Ratio

0.5

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on

engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

Posted in Mix Design |

Dear All

Again I am back with M-25 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009.

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation

M25

Type of Cement

20 mm

1700-3 A)

310 kg/m3

2

3

4

5

1700-3 A)

0.45

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Degree of Supervision

Normal

Good

7

8

9

Type of Aggregate

1703.2)

540 kg/m3

11

Chemical Admixture Type

1

Cement Used

3.15

1.00

Chemical Admixture

2.884

2.878

2.605

0.97%

0.83%

1.23%

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil

12

Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

Aggregates

Aggregates

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)

36N/mm2

25N/mm2

2

A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1

1700-3 A)

0.45

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.43

1

2

186 Lit.

Slump

138 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

3

A-6 Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio

0.43

320 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)

62.00%

38.00%

1

Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

0.10

Volume of Water in m3

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

0.138

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

0.00134

Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.759

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.471

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.288

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3

320

138

3

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3

751

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1356

977

380

1.60

0.43

5

6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on

engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

Posted in Mix Design |

Dear All

Again

am

back

with

M-30

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

A-1 Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation

M30

Type of Cement

20 mm

2

3

4

310 kg/m3

1700-3 A)

0.45

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

7

8

9

10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl.

1703.2)

11

Chemical Admixture Type

540 kg/m3

Superplasticiser Confirming to IS9103

1

Cement Used

3.15

1.00

Chemical Admixture

2.884

2.878

2.605

0.97%

0.83%

1.23%

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil

12

Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

Aggregates

Aggregates

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)

42N/mm2

30N/mm2

2

A-4 Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1

1700-3 A)

0.45

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.42

1

2

186 Lit.

Slump

160 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

3

A-6 Calculation of Cement Content

1 Water Cement Ratio

0.42

2

Cement Content (160/0.42)

380 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)

62.00%

38.00%

1

Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

0.12

Volume of Water in m3

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

0.160

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

0.00160

Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.718

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.445

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.273

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3

380

160

711

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1283

924

359

1.90

0.42

2

3

4

5

6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on

engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

Posted in Mix Design |

Dear All

Again

am

back

with

M-35

Mix

Designs

as

per

IS-10262-2009

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

A-1

1

Grade Designation

M35

Type of Cement

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

20 mm

2

3

4

5

1700-3 A)

310 kg/m3

(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.45

50-75 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

6

7

8

9

10

1703.2)

540 kg/m3

11

Chemical Admixture Type

A-2

1

Cement Used

3.15

1.00

Chemical Admixture

2.884

2.878

2.605

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

0.97%

0.83%

1.23%

Aggregate

nil

Aggregate

nil

nil

Aggregates

Aggregates

Aggregates

2.882

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

15

16

A-3

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 47N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days

35N/mm2

A-4

(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.45

0.4

2

A-5

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

Slump

160 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

3

A-6

1

Water Cement Ratio

0.4

400 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262

62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate

62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62) 38.00%

A-8

Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

0.13

Volume of Water in m3

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

0.160

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

0.00168

Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.711

6

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

0.441

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

0.270

A-9

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3

400

160

704

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1271

915

356

2.00

0.40

2

3

4

5

6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on

engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

Posted in Mix Design |

Dear

All,

Here i am giving the mix designs as per IS-10262-2009 which gives to change the

procedure

for

calculating

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H

the

concrete

ingredients

1

Grade Designation

M15

Type of Cement

20 mm

2

3

4

1700-3 A)

250 kg/m3

(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

0.5

25 mm (Slump)

Exposure Condition

Normal

Degree of Supervision

Good

Type of Aggregate

6

7

8

9

10 Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H

Cl. 1703.2)

540 kg/m3

11

Chemical Admixture Type

Superplasticiser Confirming to

IS-9103

1

Cement Used

3.15

1.00

Chemical Admixture

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate

Not Used

2.884

2

3

4

5

6

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate

2.878

2.605

7

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%

9

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%

10

Water Absorption of Sand

1.23%

Aggregate

nil

Aggregate

nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand

nil

Aggregates

Aggregates

Aggregates

2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates

1

1700-5)

25N/mm2

15N/mm2

2

A-4Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1 Maximum Water Cement Ratio

0.5

(MORT&H 1700-3 A)

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio

0.5

1

186 Lit.

Slump

135 Lit.

Superplasticiser used

nil

3

A-6Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio

0.5

270 kg/m3

Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 10.65)

65.00%

35.00%

A-8Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3

1.00

Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

0.09

Volume of Water in m3

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

0.135

Water)x1000

4

Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

nil

Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

0.779

Sr. no. 5 x 0.65

0.507

Sr. no. 5 x 0.35

0.273

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3

270

135

711

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3

1460

1051

409

nil

0.5

2

3

4

5

6

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on

engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil engineers.

The mix design for M35 Grade Of Concrete for pile foundations provided here is for

reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted

as per the location and other factors.

Grade

of

Concrete

Characteristic

Strength

(Fck)

Standard

Deviation

Target

Mean

(from

Strength

I.S

Test

Aggregate

35

Fck

+1.65

35+

38.15

Mpa

Data

Mpa*

x

S.D.

1.651.91

Mpa

For

Type

Material:

:

Crushed

Specific

Gravity

Cement

Coarse

M35

1.91

T.M.S.=

456-2000)

:

Aggregate

3.15

:

2.67

Water

Coarse

Absorption:

Aggregate

0.5%

MIX DESIGN

Take Sand content as percentage of total aggregates = 36%

Select Water Cement Ratio = 0.43 for concrete grade M35

(From Fig 2. of I.S. 10262- 1982)

Select Water Content = 172 Kg

(From IS: 10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates Maximum Water Content =

186 Kg/ M3 )

Hence, Cement Content= 172 / 0.43 = 400 Kg / M3

Formula for Mix Proportion of Fine and Coarse Aggregate:

1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +(F a / Sp.

Gr.* Pf )}

1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +Ca / Sp.

Gr.* Pc )}

Where Ca = Coarse Aggregate Content

Fa = Fine Aggregate Content

Pf = Sand Content as percentage of total Aggregates

= 0.36

Pc = Coarse Aggregate Content as percentage of total Aggregates.

= 0.64

a0 = Percentage air content in concrete (As per IS :10262 for 20 mm nominal size of

aggregates air content is 2 %) = 0.02

Hence, 1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Fa / 2.62 x 0.36)}

Fa = 642 Kg/ Cum

As the sand is of Zone II no adjustment is required for sand.

Sand Content = 642 Kg/ Cum

1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Ca / 2.67 x 0.64)}

Hence, Ca = 1165 Kg/ Cum

From combined gradation of Coarse aggregates it has been found out that the

proportion of 53:47 of 20 mm & 10 mm aggregates produces the best gradation as

per IS: 383.

Hence, 20 mm Aggregates = 619 Kg

And 10 mm Aggregates = 546 Kg

To obtain slump in the range of 150-190 mm water reducing admixture brand SP430

from Fosroc with a dose of 0.3 % by weight of Cement shall be used.

Hence the Mix Proportion becomes:

Units Kg/ M3

635

619

564

1.2

1.6

1.547

1.36

0.003

0.43

Aggregates = 1 : 1.6 :

2.907

Posted in Mix Design |

The mix design M-50 grade (Using Admixture Sikament) provided here is for

reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted

as per the location and other factors.

Parameters for mix design M50

Grade

Designation

Type

Brand

of

cement

of

Admixture

cement

=

=

=

Sika

M-50

O.P.C-43

Vikram

[Sikament

170

grade

Grasim

)

)

Sp.

Gravity

Cement

Fine

3.15

Aggregate

Coarse

Aggregate

2.61

(20mm)

2.65

Minimum

Cement

(As

per

contract)

=400

kg

m3

Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1.65 ) = 58.25 Mpa

2. Selection

of

water

cement

ratio:-

3. Calculation

of

water:

Approximate water content for 20mm max. Size of aggregate = 180 kg /m (As per

Table No. 5 , IS : 10262 ). As plasticizer is proposed we can reduce water content by

20%.

Now water content = 180 X 0.8 = 144 kg /m3

4. Calculation

Water

Water

Cement

of

cement

cement

content

content

per

=

ratio

cum

144/0.35

content:=

of

concrete

=

411.4

0.35

=

kg

144

kg

m3

Say cement content = 412 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg

m3 )

/

Hence O.K.

5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: [ Formula's can be seen in earlier posts]Volume

of

concrete

Volume

of

cement

Volume

of

water

Volume

of

=

=

Admixture

412

144

4.994

=

3.15

1

X

X

1000

1000

(1.145

m3

1

)

)

1000

0.1308

m3

0.1440

m3

=

=

0.0043

m3

Total weight of other materials except coarse aggregate = 0.1308 + 0.1440 +0.0043

= 0.2791 m3

Volume

of

coarse

and

fine

aggregate

0.2791

0.7209

m3

aggregate )

Volume of C.A. = 0.7209 0.2379 = 0.4830 m3

Therefore weight of F.A. = 0.2379 X 2.61 X 1000 = 620.919 kg/ m3

Say weight of F.A. = 621 kg/ m3

Therefore weight of C.A. = 0.4830 X 2.655 X 1000 = 1282.365 kg/ m3

Say weight of C.A. = 1284 kg/ m3

Considering

20

mm:

10mm

0.55:

0.45

20mm

706

kg

10mm

578

kg

Hence

Mix

per

m3

details

Cement

Water

412

Fine

144

1.025

1.025

aggregate

=

=

422

kg

147.6

kg

621

kg

Coarse

aggregate

20

mm

706

kg

Coarse

aggregate

10

mm

578

kg

Water:

cement:

F.A.:

C.A.

0.35:

1:

1.472:

Observation:

A.

C.

Mix

B.

was

cohesive

Slump

No.

3.043

of

=

cube

and

homogeneous.

120

casted

mm

9

Nos.

days

average

compressive

strength

52.07

MPa.

28 days average compressive strength = 62.52 MPa which is greater than 58.25MPa

Hence the mix accepted.

We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information.

Posted in Mix Design |

The mix design M-40 grade for Pier (Using Admixture Fosroc) provided here is for

reference purpose only. Actual site conditions vary and thus this should be adjusted

as per the location and other factors.

Parameters for mix design M40

Grade

Designation

Type

Brand

of

cement

of

Admixture

cement

=

=

=

Fosroc

Fine

Sp.

=

O.P.C-43

Vikram

Conplast

Aggregate

grade

Grasim

SP

430

G8M

Gravity

Fine

M-40

Zone-II

Cement

Aggregate

)

3.15

2.61

Coarse

Aggregate

(20mm)

2.65

Coarse

Aggregate

(10mm)

2.66

Minimum

Cement

(As

per

contract)

400

kg

m3

Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 40 + (5 X 1.65) = 48.25 Mpa

2. Selection

of

water

cement

ratio:-

3. Calculation

Assume

of

cement

cement

content

400

content:

kg

m3

4. Calculation

of

water:

400 X 0.4 = 160 kg Which is less than 186 kg (As per Table No. 4, IS: 10262)

Hence o.k.

5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: As per IS : 10262 , Cl. No. 3.5.1

V = [ W + (C/Sc) + {1/(1-p)} . (ca/Sca) ] x (1/1000)

Where

V = absolute volume of fresh concrete, which is equal to gross volume (m 3) minus

the volume of entrapped air ,

W = mass of water ( kg ) per m3 of concrete ,

C = mass of cement ( kg ) per m3 of concrete ,

Sc = specific gravity of cement,

(p) = Ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume ,

(fa) , (ca) = total mass of fine aggregate and coarse aggregate (kg) per m3 of

Concrete respectively, and

Sfa , Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and Coarse

aggregate respectively.

As per Table No. 3 , IS-10262, for 20mm maximum size entrapped air is 2% .

Assume F.A. by % of volume of total aggregate = 36.5 %

0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.365 ) ( Fa / 2.61 )] ( 1 /1000 )

=> Fa = 660.2 kg

Say Fa = 660 kg.

0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.635 ) ( Ca / 2.655 )] ( 1 /1000 )

=> Ca = 1168.37 kg.

Say Ca = 1168 kg.

Considering 20 mm : 10mm = 0.6 : 0.4

20mm

10mm = 467 kg .

Hence Mix details per m3

701

kg

Cement

Water

400

Fine

kg

160

aggregate

kg

660

kg

Coarse

aggregate

20

mm

701

kg

Coarse

aggregate

10

mm

467

kg

Admixture

0.6

by

weight

of

cement

2.4

kg.

Recron 3S = 900 gm

Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.4: 1: 1.65: 2.92

Observation:

A.

Mix

was

B.

C.

7

cohesive

and

Slump

No.

days

of

average

homogeneous.

=

cube

compressive

casted

strength

110mm

=

12

=

51.26

Nos.

MPa.

28 days average compressive strength = 62.96 MPa which is greater than 48.25MPa

Hence the mix is accepted.

We are thankful to Er Gurjeet Singh for this valuable information.

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