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10

10.1
()

()

ANSYS6.1

10.2

10.2.1

10.2.1.1
()

ANSYS

ANSYS6.1
()
10.2.1.2

[K ] { i } = i 2 [M ] { i }

[K ]
{ i } i ()
i I ( i 2 )

[M ]
ANSYS6.1 7

z Block Lanczos ()
(Block Lanczos) Lanczos Lanczos
Lanczos
(Block Lanczos)

z Subspace ()
Subspace Jacobi

z Powerdynamics
PowerDynamics 100,000

Subspace Block Lanczos

LUMPM,ON PowerDynamics
MODOPT,SUBSPACE EQSLV,PCG
z Reduced ()
Reduced Subspace

z Unsymmetric ()
Unsymmetric
z Damped ()
Damped
z QR Damped (QR )
QR Damped (QR )

QR

Subspace Reduced Block Lanczos


PowerDynamics Unsymmetric Damped
ANSYS ANSYS/Linear Plus Unsymmetric
Damped

10.2.2
10.2.2.1
()
()
()

( 10.1)

(a)
(b)
10.1
()

10.2.2.2
ANSYS6.1 Full ()Reduced ()Mode
Superposn ()
1
(
)
z
z
z
z
()()

Frontal
JCG ICCG

DOF
z Frontal
z

z
()
z ()

(
)
3
()

z Reduced
z LVSCALE
z
z
z ()

z
z PowerDynamics

10.2.3
10.2.3.1
()

10.2.3.2
ANSYS6.1 Full ()Reduced () Mode
Superposn ()
10.2.2.2

10.2.4
10.2.4.2

()

10.2.4.2
ANSYS6.1

z Single-point Response Spectrum,SPRS ()


() 10.2(a)

z Multi-point Response Spectrum,MPRS ()


10.2(b)

10.2
2 Dynamic Design Analysis MethodDDAM ()

(NRL-1396)
3 Power Spectral DensityPSD (,)

10.2.4.3
1
(PF)
()

10.3

10.3.1

1
2
3
4
10.3.1.1

z
EX()
DENS()
10.3.1.2
1 ANSYS
/SOLU
GUIMain Menu | Solution
2
1 (ANTYPE)
Restart

ANTYPE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | New Analysis
2
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | Analysis Options
(Modal Analysis)( 10.3)

10.3
z Modal Extraction Method ()

z Number of Modes to Extract ()

z Number of Modes to Expand ()

Calcucate elem results


z Mass Matrix Formulation ()

z Prestress Effects Calculation ()

3
Modal Analysis ()( 10.3)
OK
( 10.4 )

10.4
z FREQBFREQE
FREQB
-1FREQE Reduced

z PRMODE
Jobname.out
Reduced
z Nrmkey
[M]


*GET SET

z RIGID
Subspace
PowerDynamics
z SUBOPT
Subspace PowerDynamics
z CEkey
Direct elimination method
Lagrange multiplier(quick)methodLagrange multiplier (accurate)
method() Block Lanczos
3
(Reduced) ANSYS6.1 Main Menu | Solution
Main Menu | Solution | Moster DOFs
(MDOF)MDOF
MDOF M,MGEN
MDOF TOTAL /
MLIST MDOF MDELE MDOF
4
DOF
DOF

10.1

jobname.MODE

10.1

GUI

Displacement (UX, UY, UZ,

Constraints

Main Menu | Solution | -Loads-Apply |

ROTX, ROTY, ROTZ)

-Structural-Displacement

10.2

10.2

FE

DK

DKDELE

DKLIST

DTRAN

DL

DLDELE

DLLIST

DTRAN

DA

DALIST

DTRAN

DDELE

DLIST

Displacement

FE

DSCALE

DSYM
DCUM

GUI
Solution
ApplyDelete DisplacementForce
keypointlinenode
GUI
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Loads-Apply | -Structural-Displacement | On Lines
5
GUI Main Menu | Solution |
Load Step Opts | Time/Frequence | Damping
z (Alpha)[ALPHAD]
z (Beta)[BETAD]
z [DMPRAT]
Damped
Damped

6
SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Solve-Current LS
7 SOLUTION
FINISH
GUIMain Menu | Finish

10.3.1.3
Jobname.OUT
Jobname.MODE

DOF
DOF
Reduced

Jobname.MODE Jobname.EMATJobname.ESAV
Jobname.TRI Reduced

1 ANSYS
/SOLU
GUIMain Menu | Solution
2
ANSYS 10.3
10.3

GUI

Expansion Pass On/Off

EXPASS

Main Menu | Solution | -Analysis


Type-ExpansionPass

No. of Modes to Expand

MXPAND

Main Menu | Solution-Load Step Opts ExpansionPass | Expand Modes

Freq. Range for Expansion


Stress Calc. On/Off

MXPAND
MXPAND

Main Menu | Solution | -Load Step


Opts-ExpansionPass | Expand Modes
Main Menu | Solution | -Load Step OptsExpansionPass | Expand Modes

1 Expansion Pass
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | ExpansionPass Expansion Pass
( 10.5) Expansion Pass ( ON)

10.5
2 Expand Modes ()
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | ExpansionPass | Single Expand |
Expand Modes Expand Modes ()( 10.6)

z Number of Modes to Expand

z Frequency Range for Expansion

z Elcalc Calculate elem results

z SIGNIF Significant Threshold


0.001

10.6
3

z Printed Output
Jobname.OUT

OUTPR
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Load Step Opts-Output Ctrls | Solu Printout
z Database and results file output
Jobname.RST OUTRES FREQ
ALL NONE

OUTRES
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Load Step Opts-Output Ctrls | DB/Results File
4

SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Current LS

5 SOLUTION
FINISH
GUI Solution
MXPAND

10.3.1.4
Jobname.RST

z
z
z
POST1
POST1
Jobname.RST

1
6
6 Main Menu | General Postproc | Read Results

CommandSETSBSTEP
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Read Results | First Set, Next set, By Set Number
2 POST1()
POST1()
1Listing All Frequencies

SET,LIST
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | List Results | Results Summary
2Display Deformed Shape
PLDISP
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Deformed Shape
PLDISP KUND
3List Master DOF
MLIST,ALL
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Master DOFs | List ALL
GUI Utility Menu |
Plot | Nodes NLIST
4Line Element Results
ETABLE

GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Element Table | Define Table


ETABLE
ETABLE

5Contour Displays
PLNSOL PLESOL
GUIMain Menu | General PostProc | Plot Results | -Contour Plot-Nodal Solu
SXSYSZEPELX
EPELYEPELZUXUYUZ
PLNSOL PLESOL KUND

PLETAB PLLS
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Element Tabe | Plot Element Table
Main Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Contour Plot-Line Elem Res
PLNSOL

PLNSOL

6Tabular Listings
PRNSOL
PRESOL
PRRSOL
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | List Results | solution option
Main Menu | General Postproc | List Results | -Sorted Listing- Sort Nodes or Sort
Elems
NSORT ESORT

10.3.2

1
2
3
10.3.2.1

2
EX() DENS(
)
10.3.2.2
1. ANSYS
/SOLU
GUIMain Menu | Solution
2.
1(ANTYPE)
Harmonic () Restart

ANTYPE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | New Analysis
2
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | Analysis Options
(Harmonic Analysis)( 10.7)Solution method
()DOF printout format () Use lumped mass approx?(),

10.7
z Solution method ()[HROPT]
Full ()Reduced () Mode Superpons (
) Full ()
z DOF printout format ()[HROUT]
Jobname.out
Realimaginary ()()Amplitud+phase ()
z Use lumped mass approx? ()[LUMPM]
()

Harmonic Analysis ()

Full Harmonic Analysis ()( 10.8)


Equation Solver () Incl prestrss effects ()
Frontal ()Jacobi Conjugate Gradient(JCG) Incomplete Cholesky
Conjugate Gradient(ICCG) Frontal

10.8
3
1
()
(Amplitude)(Phase angle)
(Forcing frequency range)( 10.9)

z
z

10.9 //
Amplitude ()
Phase angle ()()(
10.9)

Forcing frequency range ()(/)


POST1

2
ANSYS
()
()
3

3
4

1
z Number of Harmonic Solutions ()
( 10.10)

NSUBST
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequenc | Freq and Substps
z Stepped or Ramped Loads ()
Stepped () Ramped ()( 10.10) Ramped
() Stepped ()

KBC
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequenc | Freq and Substps

10.10
2
z Forcing Frequency Range ()
(/) ( 10.10)

HARFRQ

GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequenc | Freq and Substps
z Damping ()
ALPHAD
BETAD DMPRAT
( 10.11)

10.11
3
z Printed Output[OUTPR]
Jobname.out
z Database and Results File Output[OUTRES]
Jobname.RST
z Extrapolation of Results[ERESX]

5
SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Solve-Current LS
6 ( POST26 )

7 SOLUTION
FINISH
GUIMain Menu | Finish
10.3.2.3
Jobname.RST

z
z (UX,UY,UZ,ROTX,TOTY,ROTZ)
z
z

z
z

POST26 POST1 POST26


() POST1

1 POST26
POST26 / variables ()
1
1
NSOL ()ESOL (
)RFORC
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | Define Variables
2 PLCPLX /
/
PLVAR,PLCPLX
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | List Variables/List Extremes
Main Menu | TimeHist Postpro | Settings | List
3 EXTREM PLCPLX
//
PRVAR,PRCPLX,EXTREM
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | List Variables/List Extremes
Main Menu | TimeHist Postpro | Settings | List
POST26
POST1

2 POST1
1 SET
SRSS ()
POST26
2
GUI
PLDISP
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Deformed Shape
PLNSOL PLESOL
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Coutour Plot | Nodal Solu Element
Solu
SXSYSZEPELX

EPELYEPELZUXUYUZ
POST1
4
10.3.2.4

1
2
3
4
5

( POST26)

10.3.2.5
( )
ANSYS/Linear Plus

1
2
3
4
5

1
z Lanczos PowerDynamics
()
z
z Reduced
z
Jobname.MODE
()

2
Jobname.MODE ()

z [HROPT]
z [HROPT]
z [HROUT]
z LVSCALE

3
Jobname.RFRQ

10.3.3

1
2
3
10.3.3.1

1
2 EX() DENS()

4
20
10.3.3.2

1 ANSYS
/SOLU
GUIMain Menu | Solution

2
1 (ANTYPE)

Restart(Restart
Jobname.EMATJobname.ESAV Jobname.DB
Jobname.RST )
(Transient)(Full)(Mass Matrix Formulation)

ANTYPE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | New Analysis
2
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | Analysis Options
(Full Transient Analysis)( 10.12)

10.12
z Large Deformation Effects ()NLGEOM
()()(ON)

z Stress Stiffening Effects ()SSTIF


ON( OFF)(
)

z Newton-Raphson Options ()NROPT

z Equation Solver ()EQSLV


Iterative()/
/ PCG
3

/
10.13

10.13 /

Stepped Ramped

1
()

z
/
z

z [NSUBST,2]
[KBC,1]

z
IC

GUIMain Menu | Solution | Define Loads | Apply | Initial Conditn | Define


2
ANSYS

3
4

(1)
z Time ()
1.0
1.0(
)
TIME
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequence | Time & Time Step/Time &
Substeps
z Integration Time Step ()

DELTIM
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequence | Time & Time Step/Time &
Substeps
z Automatic Time Stepping ()

(Prog Chosen)
AUTOTS
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequence | Time & Time Step/Time &
Substeps
z Stepped or Ramped Loads ()
(KBC,1)(KBC,0)

KBC
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Time/Frequence | Time & Time Step/Time &
Substeps
2
z Time Integration Effects ()
()

z Transient Integration Parameters ()

Newmark
5
/ 234

LSWRITE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Write LS File
6
SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Solve-Current LS
7 SOLUTION
FINISH
GUIMain Menu | Finish
10.3.3.3
Jobname.RST

POST26 POST1
POST26 POST1

1 POST26
POST26 /(variables)
1
1
CommandNSOL ()ESOL (
)RFORC FORCE
SOLU
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | Define Variables
2
POST1
PLVAR
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | Graph Variables
3
PRVAR,EXTREM
GUIMain Menu | TimeHist Postpro | List Variables
Main Menu | TimeHist Postpro | List Extremes
POST26
2 POST1
1 SET


2
POST1
z List Reaction Forces and Moments

PRRSOL
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | List Results | Reaction Solu
z Display Deformed Shape
PLDISP
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Plot Results | Deformed Shape
PLDISP KUND
z Line Element Results
ETABLE
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | Element Table | Define Table
ETABLE
ETABLE

z Contour Displays
PLNSOL PLESOL
GUIMain Menu | General PostProc | Plot Results | -Contour Plot-Nodal Solu
SXSYSZEPELX
EPELYEPELZUXUYUZ
PLNSOL PLESOL KUND
z Tabular Listings
PRNSOL
PRESOL
PRRSOL
GUIMain Menu | General Postproc | List Results | solution option
Main Menu | General Postproc | List Results | -Sorted Listing- Sort NodesorSort Elems
NSORT ESORT
10.3.3.4

1
2
3
4
5

1 Restart

3
ANSYS

z
z

4()

10.3.2.5
()

1
2
3
4
5

1
z Lanczos PowerDynamics
()
PowerDynamics
z
z Reduced
z

(Jobname.MODE)
2
(Jobname.MODE)

z [HROPT]

z
z
z

[HROPT]
[HROUT]
LVSCALE

3
Jobname.RFRQ

10.3.4
ANSYS
(SPRS)

1
2
3
4
5
10.3.4.1

2 EX() DENS

10.3.4.2
() 10.3.1

1(Subspace)(Black Lanczos)
PowerDynamic
2
3 GUI

5
6 SOLUTION
10.3.4.3
1 ANSYS
/SOLU
GUIMain Menu | Solution
2
1(ANTYPE)
(New Analysis)
ANTYPE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | New Analysis
2
GUI Main Menu | Solution | Analysis Type | Analysis Options Spectrum
Analysis ()( 10.14) Single-pt resp ()

10.14
3

F FK
FXFY FZ
SYTYP
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Spectrum | Single Point | Settings

SED

GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Spectrum | Single Point | Settings
2
FREQ SV
FREQSV
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Spectrum | Single Point | Freq Table / Spectr
Values
3
ANSYS

4
SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | -Solve-Current LS

5 34
6 SOLUTION
FINISH
GUIMain Menu | Finish
10.3.4.4
Subspace ()Black Lanczos ()
8.3.1.3

1 GUI
Modal Analysis Options ()
(Mode Expansion) NO

2
3

4 MXPAND
GUI
Modal Analysis Options () Mode Expansion ()
YES

10.3.4.5

1
2
Mode Combination Methods ()( 8.15)

8.15
ANSYS6.1
z SRSS
z CQC
z DSUM
z GRP
z NRLSUM
GUI
SRSSCQCDSUMGRPNRLSUM
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Load Step Opts | Spectrum | Single Point | Mode Combine
ANSYS6.1
z (DisplacementLabel= DISP)
z (VelocityLabel=VELO)
z (AccelerationLabel=ACEL)
3
SOLVE
GUIMain Menu | Solution | Solve | Currend LS
POST1 (Jobname.MCOM)POST1
(Jobname.RST)
Jobname.MCOM POST1

1) (Label=DISP)
2) (Label=VELO)
3) (Label=ACEL)
4
10.3.4.6
POST1 Jobname.MCOM ()

()
()
()()
()
POST1
1. Jobname.MCOM
/INPUT
GUIUtility Menu | File | Read From
2.
1
PLDISP
GUIMain Menu | General PostProc | Plot Results | Deformed Shaped
2
PLNSOL PLESOL
GUIMain Menu | General PostProc | Plot Results | -Contour Plot-Nodal Solu
SXSYSZEPELX
EPELYEPELZUXUYUZ SUMTYPE PLNSOL
PLESOL SUMTYPE
PLNSOL

PLNSOL
PLNSOL
ANSYS6.1 POST1
PLETAB PLLS
PLVECT

10.3.4.7 (DDAM)
DDAM
1()(
)
2 DDAM SPRS
3 ADDAM VDDAM SVTYPESV FREQ
SED
4NRL

5 ADDAM VDDAM

10.3.4.8 (PSD)
(PSD)
1
ANSYS ANSYS

3
YES

FINISH
4

1(PSD)
2
3 1.0
0.0 D UX
UYUZ F FXFYFZ
4 PSD
5 PSDRES

6
5

1
2 PSD

3
6
(POST1)(POST26)

1 POST1

2 POST26 PSDs
10.3.4.9 (MPRS)
(PSD)
1 MPRS PSD

2,PSD
3()
4()
5 PSDCOM
6 POST1 Jobname.MCOM()