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Gases - Specific Gravities

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Gases - Specific Gravities


Specific gravity of air, ammonia, butadiene, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and some other
common gases
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The specific gravity of some common gases can be found in the table below:
Gas
Acetylene (ethyne) - C2H2
Air1)
Alcohol vapor
Ammonia - NH3

Specific Gravity1)
- SG 0.90
1.000

Blast Furnace gas


Butadiene - C4H6

1.601
0.59
1.38
2.69
2.6961
1.02
1.87

Butane - C4H10
1-Butene (Butylene)- C4H8

2.0061
1.94

Isobutene - C4H8
Carbon dioxide - CO2

1.94
1.5189
0.9667
0.63
2.486
0.44
1.938
2.422
1.451
4.915
0.070

Argon - Ar
Arsine
Benzene - C6H6

Carbon monoxide - CO
Carbureted Water Gas
Chlorine - Cl2
Coke Oven Gas
Cyclobutane
Cyclopentane
Cyclopropane
Decane
Deutrium - D2
Digestive Gas (Sewage or
Biogas)
Ethane - C2H6
Ether vapor
Ethyl Chloride - C2H5Cl
Ethylene (Ethene) - C2H4
Fluorine
Helium - He
Heptanes
Hexane
Hydrogen
Hydrogen chloride - HCl
Hydrogen sulfide - H2S
Hydrofluoric acid
Hydrochloric acid
Illuminating gas
Isobutane
Isopentane
Krypton
Marsh gas
Mercury vapor
Methane - CH4
Methyl Chloride
Natural Gas (typical)
Neon
Nitric oxide - NO
Nitrogen - N2 (pure)

0.8
1.0378
2.586
2.23
0.9683
1.31
0.138
3.459
2.973
0.0696
1.268
1.1763
2.370
1.261
0.4
2.01
2.48
2.89
0.555
6.940
0.5537
1.74
0.60 - 0.70
0.697
1.037
0.9669

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Gases - Specific Gravities

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Gas
Nitrogen - N2 (atmospheric)
Nitrous oxide - N2O
Nonane
Octane
Oxygen - O2
Ozone
Pentane
Phosgene
Propane - C3H8
Propene (Propylene) - C3H6
R-11
R-12
R-22
R-114
R-123
R-134a
Sasol
Silane
Sulfur Dioxide - SO2
Toluene-Methylbenzene
Water gas (bituminous)
Water vapor
Xenon

Specific Gravity1)
- SG 0.9723
1.530
4.428
3.944
1.1044
1.660
2.487
1.39
1.5219
1.4523
4.742
4.174
2.985
5.9
5.279
3.522
0.42
1.11
2.264
3.1082
0.71
0.6218
4.53

1)

NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at 20oC (293.15 K, 68oF) and 1 atm ( 101.325
kN/m2, 101.325 kPa, 14.7 psia, 0 psig, 30 in Hg, 760 torr)
Since specific gravity is the ratio between the density (mass per unit volume) of the actual gas and the density of
air, specific gravity has no dimension. The density of air at NTP is 1.205 kg/m3.
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