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RESOLUTIONS GUIDELINES

With contributions by Raja Atik

What Is A Resolution?
A resolution is a formal proposal to the United Nations (UN), which can be presented to the UN
council, a committee, or a commission. A resolution is one long sentence that is divided up by
clauses and sub clauses. This resolution should not express your personal opinion, but the position
of all the nations who contributed to writing this resolution.

How To Write A Resolution?
A resolution consists of a heading and two different bodies, the perambulatory clauses and the
operative clauses. The language of a UN resolution is very formal, diplomatic and somewhat
legalistic.
What is the preamble?
The preamble is the introduction of the resolution. It contains the background and the
argumentation to the issue you have chosen.
Main points to remember for preambulatory clauses:
Describe the problem, and explain the purpose of the issue.
State facts that enlighten the reader about the issues that are significant when dealing with the
issue at hand such as previous attempts to solve the issue and if they succeeded or failed.
Mention any organizations that are relevant to the topic.
Preambulatory clauses always in with a comma. (,)
You will need to begin the preambulatory clauses with a present or a past participle or an
adjective. See the following list:

Acknowledging
Affirming
Alarmed by
Approving
Aware of
Believing
Bearing in mind
Confident
Congratulating
Contemplating
Convinced
Declaring
Deeply concerned
Deeply conscious
Deeply convinced
Deeply disturbed
Deeply regretting
Deploring
Desiring
Emphasizing

Pre Ambulatory Phrases
Expecting
Expressing its appreciation
Expressing its satisfaction
Fulfilling
Fully alarmed
Fully aware
Fully believing
Further deploring
Further recalling
Guided by
Having adopted
Having considered
Having considered further
Having devoted attention
Having examined
Having heard
Having received
Having studied
Keeping in mind
Noting further

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Noting with appreciation
Noting with approval
Noting with deep concern
Noting with regret
Noting with satisfaction
Observing
Reaffirming
Realizing
Recalling
Recognizing
Referring
Reminding
Seeking
Taking into account
Taking into consideration
Taking note
Viewing with appreciation
Welcoming

RESOLUTIONS GUIDELINES continued… What are the operative clauses? The operative clauses contain the policy statements of the body making the resolution. See the following list Accepts Affirms Approves Asks Calls for Calls upon Congratulates Confirms Declares accordingly Designates Encourages Authorizes Condemns Decides Operative Phrases Endorses Expresses its appreciation Expresses its hope Further invites Further proclaims Further requests Further resolves Hopes Invites Proclaims Proposes Recommends Regrets Requests Resolves Seeks Strongly affirms Strongly urges Suggests Supports Trusts Transmits Urges Additional Operative Phrases Reserved for the Security Council Demands Imposes Deplores Strongly condemn(s) Deploys .) You have to begin the operative clauses with verbs in the third person singular of the present tense. (. The clauses should be clear and unambiguous.10 - . Clauses must be numbered and end with a semi colon. They present by order of importance what the UN should do or what attitude it should adopt. Main points to remember for operative clauses: State a wide range of specific measures to implement that effectively deal with the issue.

 Should be specific.  Suggest a handful of ways on how to effectively tackle and solve the issue. Clauses begin with present tense.  Refer to organizations that are mentioned in the Operative clauses and the actions they have taken.11 - .  Explain the main purpose of the resolution and why the issue is important.  Inform the readers about what has been done to tackle the issue.  State the actions that shall be implemented if the resolution passes.  Explains certain accomplishments and failures of previous actions that have been implemented to deal with the issue. Operative clauses are clauses that recommend actions to be taken in order to deal with the issue.  Describe the problem being addressed in the resolution. action verbs which are generally stronger than words used in the preambles. Resolution Checklist Does the resolution relate to the topic? Is the solution presented relevant and realistic? Are there enough signatories on for the resolution? Is the basic format of the resolution met? Is the resolution longer that one page? Are the preambs accurate? Are the ops specific and non-biased? Maintain National Sovereignty Feasible Not Redundant .RESOLUTIONS GUIDELINES continued… Preambulatory clauses are clauses used to clarify the topic through statistics and the history of the issue. Preambulatory clauses always end with a comma. convincing. Clauses are to be numbered.  State various facts that explain the topic. and NOT vague.

Seeks to eliminate the threat posed to the International Space Station and its workers from artificial space debris through: a) encouraging entities operating satellites to maintain a minimum safety distance as approved by the UN Office of Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) from other satellites operating in the same orbit. 4. c) requests that the orbit pathway used by the International Space Station be exclusively reserved for it and related space vehicles. Operative 1. the mission launch schedules both immediate and long term. including: i. 2. Clauses .12 - . Hopes all nations will support the continued confidence building measures of the UNOOSA. Clauses Bearing in mind that space agencies today typically rely on military patronage. b) the sharing of space technology and knowledge with a nature of goodwill with new and startup space programs interested in peaceful space exploration. or ii. reprogramming of the satellite into a steep reentry vector for safe burn up over a large body of unpopulated water. Urges the space agencies of the world to invest in confidence building measures between themselves such as: a) the sharing of information relevant to the safety of space travel. Expresses its hope that states with space programs continue to stand against the proliferation of weapons in space by supporting treaties such as the Outer Space Treaty and the Moon Treaty. 5. ii. b) decommissioning the nonoperational satellites through either the: i. utilization of a retrieval vessel. such as the Pacific Ocean.RESOLUTIONS GUIDELINES continued… How To Present A Resolution Heading FORUM: Disarmament Commission MAIN SUBMITTER: Angola QUESTION OF: Confidence Building Measures in Space Related Activities Preamb Fully aware that the acceleration of space exploration is dependent on international cooperation and flawless safety conduct. 3. Declares accordingly that future space discoveries and technological innovations will require continued revisiting to this issue. Expressing its satisfaction that space exploration has been conducted by many different nations of the Earth for more than 50 years without incidences of conflict. the locations of space debris that may impact a space mission.


Caucus.
general
to
specific.
least
to
most
important.)
 Cohesive/all
ties
together
 No
irrelevant
information

 
 GRAMMAR:
(10
Points)
________
 Preambulatory
phrases
appropriate
 Operative
phrases
appropriate
 Word
choice
appropriate
 Grammatically
correct
 
 
 -13‐ .
general
to
specific.
least
to
most
important.
NGO’s.e.e.)
 Cohesive/all
ties
together
 No
irrelevant
information
 
 OPERATIVE
CLAUSES:
(50
Points)
________
 Achieves
Domestic.
chronological.
UN
Agencies.MUN
Resolution
Rubric


 












































 FORMAT:
(10
Points)
________
 Spacing
correct
(between
lines
and
clauses)
 Numbering
correct
 Indentations/Underlining
correct
 Punctuation
correct
 
 PREAMBULATORY
CLAUSES:
(30
Points)
________
 Research/Data:
(20
Points)
________
 Provides
historical
background
on
the
topic
 Sufficient
specific
facts/data
to
support
the
resolution
 References
to
past
resolutions
(if
they
exist)
 References
to
other
documents.
etc.e.
and/or
Global
Goals:
(15
Points)
________
 Resolution
reflects
country’s
position
 Shows
an
understanding
of
the
dynamics
of
the
conflict
(is
it
overly
insensitive
to
other
nations?)
 Solution
is
multi‐lateral
(does
it
involve
the
cooperation
of
various
nations?)
 Takes
into
account
other
nations’
viewpoints
 Shows
an
attempt
at
compromise
 Effective
Solution
to
the
Problem:
(25
Points)
________
 Operative
clauses
refer
to
appropriate
UN
organizations
in
order
to
solve
the
problem
 Plan
is
feasible
 Plan
is
creative
 Plan
is
logical
 Plan
is
detailed
 Clarity/Cohesiveness:
(10
Points)
________
 One
(and
only
one)
idea
in
each
clause
 Clear
and
persuasive
diction
and
syntax
 Discernable
order
to
the
clauses
(i.
non‐UN
regional
organizations
(i.
etc.
chronological.
government
 ministries/departments)
 Clarity/Cohesiveness:
(10
Points)
________
 One
(and
only
one)
idea
in
each
clause
 Clear
and
persuasive
diction
and
syntax
 Discernable
order
to
the
clauses
(i.